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to them: The kingdom of hea- I their Father. He that hath ears ven is like to leaven, which a to hear, let him hear. woman took and hid in three measures of meal, until the whole was leavened.

34 All these things JESUS spoke in parables to the multitudes and without parables he did not speak to them.

35 That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying: I will open my mouth in parables, I will utler things hidden from the foundation of the world.

36 Then having sent away the multitudes, he came into the house, and his disciples came to him, saying: Expound to us the parable of the cockle of the field.

37 Who made answer and said to them: He that soweth the good seed is the son of man.

38 And the field is the world. And the good seed are the children of the kingdom. And the cockle, are the children of the wicked one.

39 And the enemy that sowed them, is the devil. But the harvest is the end of the world. And the reapers are the Angels. 40 Even as cockle therefore is gathered up, and burnt with fire: so shall it be at the end of the world.

41 The son of man shall send his Angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdom all scandals, and them that work iniquity.

42 And shall cast them into the furnace of fire: There shall be weeping and gnashing of


43 Then shall the just shine is the sun, in the kingdom of

a Luke 13. 21.-6 Ps. 77. 2.-c Mark 4. 34. d Apoc. 14. 15. Wisd, 3. 7. Dan. 12. 3.

44 The kingdom of heaven is like unto a treasure hidden in a field. Which a man having found, hid it, and for joy thereof goeth, and selleth all that he hath, and buyeth that field.

45 Again the kingdom of hea ven is like to a merchant seeking good pearls.

46 Who when he had found one pearl of great price, went his way, and sold all that he had, and bought it.

47 Again the kingdom of heaven is like to a net cast into the sea, and gathering together of all kinds of fishes.

48 Which, when it was filled, they drew out, and sitting by the shore, they chose out the good into vessels, but the bad they cast forth.

49 So shall it be at the end of the world. The Angels shall go out, and shall separate the wicked from among the just.

50 And shall cast them into the furnace of fire: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

51 Have ye understood all these things? They say to him: Yes."

52 He said unto them: Therefore every scribe instructed in the kingdom of heaven, is like to a man that is a householder, who bringeth forth out of his treasure new things and old.

53 And it came to pass: when JESUS had finished these parables, he passed from thence.

54 And coming into his own country, he taught them in their synagogues, so that they wondered and said: How came this

f Mark 6. 1. Luke 4. 16.

man by this wisdom and miracles?

55 Is not this the carpenter's son? Is not his mother called Mary, and his brethren James, and Joseph, and Simon, and Jude:

56 And his sisters, are they not all with us? Whence therefore hath he all these things?

57 And they were scandalized in his regard. But JESUS said to them: A prophet is not without honour, save in his own country, and in his own house.

58 And he wrought not many miracles there, because of their unbelief.


Herod puts John to death. Christ feeds five thousand in the desert. He walks upon the sea, and heals all the diseased with the touch of his garment.

4 For John said to him: It is not lawful for thee to have her, 5 And having a mind to pu him to death, he feared the people: d because they esteemed him as a prophet.

6 But on Herod's birth-day, the daughter of Herodias danced before them: and pleased Herod.

7 Whereupon he promised with an oath, to give her what soever she would ask of him.

8. But she being instructed before by her mother, said: Give me here in a dish the head of John the Baptist.

9 And the king was struck sad: yet because of his oath, and for them that sat with him at table, he commanded it to be given.

10 And he sent, and beheaded John in the prison.

11 And his head was brought given

AT that time Herod the Ter in a dish: and it wa brought it Ꭺ

trarch heard the fame of


2 And he said to his servants: This is John the Baptist: he is risen from the dead, and therefore mighty works show forth themselves in him.

3 For Herod had apprehended John and bound him, and put him into prison, because of Herodias, his brother's wife.

a John 6. 42.-b Mark 6. 14. Luke 9. 7. A.D. 32.-c Mark 6. 17. Luke 3. 19.

the damsel, and she
to her mother.

took the body, and buried it,
12 And his disciples came and

and came and told JESUS.

13 Which when JESUS had by a boat, into a desert place heard, he retired from thence apart, and the multitudes having heard of it, followed him on

foot out of the cities.

14 And he coming forth saw a great multitude, and had compassion on them, and healed their sick.

15 And when it was evening, his disciples came to him, say

CHAP. XIII. Ver. 55. His brethren. These were the children of Mary, the wife of Cleophas, sister to our Blessed Lady (St. Matt. xxviii. 56. St. John xix. 25), and therefore, according to the usual style of the Scrip-ing: This is a desert place, and ture, they were called brethren, that is, the hour is now passed: send sear relations to our Saviour. away the multitudes, that going into the towns, they may buy themselves victuals.

CHAP. XIV. Ver. 1. Tetrarch. this word, derived from the Greek, agnifies one that rules over the fourth part of a kingdom: as Herod then ruled over Galilee, which was but the ourth part of the kingdom of his father.

d Infra, 21. 26.-e Mark 6. 31. Luke 9 10. John 6. 3.

16 But JESUS said to them, I good heart: It is I, fear ye They have no need to go: give you them to eat.

17 They answered him: We have not here but five loaves, and two fishes.

18 Who said to them: Bring them hither to me.

19 And when he had commanded the multitude to sit down upon the grass, he took the five loaves and the two fishes, and looking up to heaven, he blessed, and brake, and gave, the loaves to his disciples, and the disciples to the multitudes.

20 And they did all eat, and were filled. And they took up what remained, twelve full baskets of fragments.

21 And the number of them that did eat, was five thousand men, besides women and children.

22 And forthwith JESUS obliged his disciples to go up into the boat, and to go before him over the water, till he dismissed the people.

23 And having dismissed the multitude, he went up into a mountain alone to pray. And when it was evening, he was evening, he was there alone.

24 But the boat in the midst of the sea was tossed with the waves for the wind was contrary.

25 And in the fourth watch of the night, he came to them walking upon the sea.

26 And they seeing him walking upon the sea, were troubled, saying: It is an apparition.. And they cried out for fear.

27 And immediately JESUS spoke to them, saying: Be of

a John 6. 9.-b Mark 6. 45,- John 6. 15. Mark 6, 46.


28 And Peter making answer said: Lord, if it be thou, bid me come to thee upon the waters.

29 And he said: Come. And Peter going down out of the boat, walked upon the water to come to JESUS.

30 But seeing the wind strong, he was afraid; and when he began to sink, he cried out, saying: Lord, save me.

31 And immediately JESUS stretching forth his hand took hold of him, and said to him: O thou of little faith, why didst thou doubt?

32 And when they were come up into the boat, the wind ceased.

33 And they that were in the boat came and adored him, saying: Indeed thou art the Son of God.

34 And having passed the water, they came into the country of Genesar.

35 And when the men of that place had knowledge of him, they sent into all that country, and brought to him all that were diseased.

36 And they besought him that they might touch but the hem of his garment. And as many as touched, were made. whole.


Christ reproves the scribes. He curest daughter of the woman of Canaan: and many others: and feeds four thou sand with seven loaves.

THEN came to him from Jerusalem fron Jerusalem scribes and Pha-. risees, saying:

d Mark 6, 53. Merk 7. L

2 a Why do thy disciples transgress the tradition of the ancients? For they wash not their hands when they eat bread.

3 But he answering, said to them Why do you also transgress the commandment of God for your tradition? For God said:

4 Honour thy father and mother: And: He that shall curse father or mother, let him die the death.

5 But you say: Whosoever shall say to father or mother, The gift whatsoever proceedeth from me, shall profit thee..

10 And having called together the multitudes unto him, he said to them: Hear ye and understand.

11 Not that which goeth into the mouth, defileth a man: but what cometh out of the mouth, this defileth a man.

12 Then came his disciples, and said to him: Dost thou know that the Pharisees, when they heard this word, were scandalized?

13 But he answering said: Every plant which my heavenly Father hath not planted, shall be rooted up.

e John 15. 2.

6 And he shall not honour his father or his mother: and you have made void the command-washing hands, &c. without regard to ment of God for your tradition. 7 Hypocrites, well hath Isaias prophesied of you, saying:

8 d This people honoureth me with their lips: but their heart is far from me.

9 And in vain do they worship me, teaching doctrines and commandments of men.

a Mark 7. 5.-b Exod. 20. 12. Deut. 5. 16. Ephes. 6. 2.-c Exod. 21. 17. Lev. 20. 9. Prov. 20. 20.-d Isaias 29. 13. Mark 7. 6.

CHAP. XV. Ver. 5. The gift, &c. That is, the offering that I shall make to God, shall be instead of that which should be expended for thy profit, This tradition of the Pharisees was calculated to enrich themselves; by exempting children from giving any further assistance to their parents, if they once offered to the temple and the priests, that which should have been the support of their parents. But this was a violation of the law of God, and of nature, which our Saviour here condemns.

Ver. 9. Commandments of men. The doctrines and commandments here reprehended are such as are either contrary to the law of God (as that of neglecting parents, under pretence of giving to God), or at least are frivolous, unprofitable, and no ways conducing to true piety, as that of often

the purity of the heart. But as to the rules and ordinances of the holy church, touching fasts, festivals, &c., these are no ways repugnant to, but highly agreeable to God's holy word, and all christian piety: neither are they to be counted among the doctrines and commandments of men; because they proceed not from mere which Christ has established in his human authority; but from that Church; whose pastors he has com manded us to hear and obey, even as himself. St. Luke x. 16. St. Matt. xviii. 17.

Ver. 11. Not that which goeth inte, &c. No uncleanness in meat, nor any dirt contracted by eating it with un. washed hands, can defile the soul: but sin alone; or a disobedience of the heart to the ordinance and will of God. And thus when Adam took the torbidden fruit, it was not the apple, which entered into the mouth, but the disobedience to the law of God which defiled him. The same is o be said if a Jew, in the time of the old law, had eaten swine's flesh; or a christian convert, in the days of the Apostles, contrary to their ordiname, had eaten blood; or if any of the faithful at present should transgress the ordi nance of God's Church, by breaking the fasts: For in a these cases the soul would be defiled; not indeed by that which goeth into the mouth: but by the disobedience of the heart, in wilfully transgressing the ordinance of God, or of those who have their au thority from him.

14 Let them alone: they are blind, and leaders of the blind. And if the blind lead the blind, both fall into the pit.

15 And Peter answering said to him: Expound to us this parable.

16 But he said: Are you also yet without understanding?

17 Do you not understand, that whatsoever entereth into the mouth, goeth into the belly, and is cast out into the privy?

18 But the things which proceed out of the mouth, come forth from the heart, and those things defile a man.

19 For from the heart come forth evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false testimonies, blasphemies.

20. These are the things that defile a man. But to eat with unwashed hands doth not defile

a man.

21 And JESUS went from thence, and retired into the coasts of Tyre and Sidon.

22 And behold a woman of Canaan who came out of those coasts, crying out, said to him: Have mercy on me, O Lord, thou son of David: my daughter is grievously troubled by a devil.

23 Who answered her not a word. And his disciples came and besought him, saying: Send her away, for she crieth after


24 And he answering, said: I was not sent but to the sheep that are lost of the house of Israel.

25 But she came and adored him, saying: Lord, help me.

26 Who answering, said: It is not good to take the bread of

a Luke 6. 39.-b Mark 7. 17.-c Mark 7. 24.-d Supre 10. 6. John 10. 3.

the children, and to cast it to the dogs.

27 But she said: Yea, Lord: for the whelps also eat of the crumbs that fall from the table of their masters.

28 Then JESUS answering, said to her: O woman, great is thy faith: be it done to thee as thou wilt: and her daughter was cured from that hour.

29 And when JESUS had passed away from thence, he came nigh the sea of Galilee: and going up into a mountain, he sat there.

30 And there came to him great multitudes, having with them the dumb, the blind, the lame, the maimed, and many others: and they cast them down at his feet, and he healed them:

31 So that the multitudes marvelled seeing the dumb speak, the lame walk, the blind see: and they glorified the God of Israel.

32 And JESUS called together his disciples, and said: I have compassion on the multitudes, because they continue with me now three days, and have not what to eat: and I will not send them away fasting, lest they faint in the way.

33 And the disciples say unto him: Whence then should we have so many loaves in the desert, as to fill so great a multitude?

34 And JESUS said to them: How many loaves have you? But they said: Seven, and a few little fishes.

35 And he commanded the multitude to sit down upon the ground.

36 And taking the seven loaves and the fishes,and giving thanka,

Isaias 35, 5.-f Mark 8. 4.

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