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Port sanitary

authorities may

by 'order.'

Section 123. As to the recovery of expenses of the maintenance in hospital of patients.

Section 133. As to contracting for medical attendance and medicine.

Hence, in the application of any of these sections to naval hygiene, wherever the word 'house' is to be found, the word 'ship' or 'vessel' may be substituted, thus Section 120 will read

'The cleansing and disinfecting of any ship . . . or part thereof... the duty of such authority to give notice in writing to the master, or other officer in charge of such ship or part thereof.'

The sections are indeed set forth, fully corrected, in the Schedule to the Public Health (Ships) Act,

1885.

The provisions of the Infectious Diseases Notification Act, where in force, apply to ships and vessels.

Creation of Port Sanitary Authorities.

By the 287th Section of the Public Health Act as now be created amended by the Public Health (Ships) Act, 1885, the Local Government Board may (not by Provisional Order, as in the unamended section, but simply by Order) permanently constitute a port sanitary authority, and they may unite two or more ports together, forming forming a joint board; and the Order constituting the port sanitary authority may assign any rights, duties, capabilities, liabilities, and obligations under the Act. The Order always states the sections of the Public Health Act which shall be

ing Plymouth

applicable to the port; thus, for instance, the Order, Order constitutconstituting the Joint Board for Plymouth a port a port sanitary sanitary authority states:

Art. 10. For the purposes of this Order the following sections of the Public Health Act, 1875, shall apply, and the Joint Board shall have, exercise, perform, and be subject to, all the powers, rights, duties, capacities, liabilities, and obligations of an urban sanitary authority under the same sections, so far as those sections are applicable to a port sanitary authority, and to ships, vessels, boats, waters, or persons within the jurisdiction of such port sanitary authority; namely,—

Sections 91 to 111, both inclusive, relating to nuisances. Sections 120 to 133, both inclusive, relating to infectious diseases and hospitals.

Sections 134 to 138, both inclusive, and Section 140, as to

prevention of epidemic diseases.

Sections 141 and 142, relating to mortuaries.

Sections 173 and 174, relating to contracts.

Sections 175, 176, and 177, relating to purchase of lands.
Sections 179, 180, and 181, relating to arbitration.
Sections 182 to 186, both inclusive, and Section 188,
relating to bye-laws.

Section 189 (except as regards the offices of surveyor and
collector), Sections 191 to 196, both inclusive, and
Sections 197, 200, 203, 204, 205, and 206, relating
to officers and conduct of business of local authorities.
Sections 245, 247 (as amended by the District Auditors
Act, 1879), 249, and 250, relating to audit.

Sections 251 to 269, both inclusive, relating to legal proceedings.

Sections 278 and 280 (second paragraph).

Sections 299 to 302, both inclusive, relating to defaulting

local authorities.

Sections 305 to 310, both inclusive, relating to miscellaneous provisions.

Sections 327, 328, and 329, relating to Saving Clauses.1

1 Local Government Board Provisional Orders Confirmation (No. 7) Act, 1882, c. 64.

authority.

Local Govern-
ment Board's
order as
to cholera.

Orders of the Local Government Board under
Section 130, Public Health Act, 1875.

The chief and most important duty a port
sanitary authority has at the present time to
perform is to take precautions lest cholera when
imported should spread
spread beyond the
beyond the particular
infected person or persons. Special facilities for
this purpose are given to local authorities by Orders
under the 130th Section, P.H., 1875. The section
has been extended by the Public Health Act, 1889,
which enacts that the regulations of the Local
Government Board, made in relation to cholera and
choleraic diarrhoea, may provide for such regulations
being enforced and carried out by officers of cus-
toms as well as by other officers and authorities.
The text of the last Cholera Order is as follows:-

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GENERAL ORDER OF THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT BOARD, 1890,
MADE UNDER SECTION 130 OF THE PUBLIC HEALTH
ACT, 1875.

To all Port Sanitary Authorities,

To all other Sanitary Authorities as herein defined,—

To the Queen's Harbour Masters of Dockyard Ports,

To all Officers of Customs,

To all Medical Officers of Health of the Sanitary Authorities aforesaid,

ail Masters of Ships,

:Pilots,

And all others whom it may concern.

Vas we, the Local Government Board, are empowered na 130 of the Public Health Act, 1875, from time to

time, to make, alter, and revoke such regulations as to us may seem fit, with a view to the treatment of persons affected with cholera, and preventing the spread of cholera, as well on the seas, rivers, and waters of the United Kingdom, and on the high seas within three miles of the coast thereof, as on land; and may declare by what authority or authorities such regulations shall be enforced and executed.

And whereas, by Section 2 of the Public Health Act, 1889, it is enacted that regulations of the Local Government Board, made in relation to cholera and choleraic diarrhoea, in pursuance of Section 130 of the Public Health Act, 1875, may provide for such regulations being enforced and executed by the officers of customs, as well as by other authorities and officers, and without prejudice to the generality of the powers conferred by the said section, may provide for the detention of vessels and of persons on board vessels, and for the duties to be performed by pilots, masters of vessels, and other persons on board vessels; provided that the regulations, so far as they apply to the officers of customs, shall be subject to the consent of the Commissioners of Her Majesty's Customs.

'And whereas by certain Orders, dated the 12th day of July 1883, and an Order, dated the 21st day of April 1884, we prescribed rules and regulations with a view to the treatment of persons affected with cholera, and for preventing the spread of the disease, and it is expedient that such Orders should be revoked, and that further regulations should be prescribed as hereinafter mentioned, to which the Commissioners of Her Majesty's Customs have signified their consent so far as such regulations apply to the officers of customs.

'Now therefore, we, the Local Government Board, do hereby revoke the aforesaid Orders, except in so far as they may apply to any proceedings now pending, and we do, by this our Order, and in exercise of the power conferred on us by the Public Health Act, 1875, as amended and extended by the Public Health Act, 1889, and every other power enabling us in that behalf, make the following regulations, and declare that they shall be enforced and executed by the authorities hereinafter named:

DEFINITIONS.

Art. 1. In this Order

The term 'ship' includes vessel or boat.

The term 'officer of customs' includes any person acting under the authority of the Commissioners of Her Majesty's Customs.

The term 'master' includes the officer, pilot, or other person for the time being in charge or command of the ship. The term cholera' includes choleraic diarrhoea.

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The term sanitary authority' means every port sanitary authority and every urban or rural sanitary authority whose district includes or abuts on any part of a customs port, which part is not within the jurisdiction of a port sanitary authority.

The term medical officer of health' includes any duly qualified medical practitioner appointed by a sanitary authority to act in the execution of this Order.

For the purposes of this Order

(1) So much of a customs port abutting on an urban or rural sanitary district as is nearer to such district than to any other, and is not included within the jurisdiction of any port sanitary authority, shall be deemed to be within such district.

(2) Every ship shall be deemed infected with cholera, in which there is or has been during the voyage, or during the stay of such ship in a port in the course of such voyage, any case of cholera.

I. Regulations as to Detention by Officers of Customs.

Art. 2. If any officer of customs, on the arrival of any ship, ascertain from the master of such ship or otherwise, or have reason to suspect that the ship is infected with cholera, he shall detain such ship, and order the master forthwith to moor or anchor the same in such position as such officer of customs shall direct; and thereupon the master shall forthwith moor or anchor the ship accordingly.

Art. 3. Whilst such ship shall be so detained, no person shall leave the same.

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