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Yet of another plea bethought him soon. | Willingly could I fly, and nope thy reign,
"Of glory, as thou wilt,” said he, “ so deem; From that placid aspéct and meek regard, Worth or not worth the seeking, let it pass. Rather than aggravate my evil state, But to a kingdom thou art born, ordain'd
Would stand between me and thy Father's ire, To sit upon thy father David's throne,
(Whose ire I dread more than the fire of Hell,) By mother's side thy father ; though thy right |A shelter, and a kind of shading cool Be now in powerful hands, that will not part
Interposition, as a summer's cloud. Easily from possession won with arms;
If I then to the worst that can be haste, Judæa now and all the Promis'd Land,
Why move thy feet so slow to what is best, Reduc'd a province under Roman yoke,. | Happiest, both to thyself and all the world, Obeys Tiberius ; nor is always ruld
That thou, who worthiest art, should'st be their With temperate sway ; oft have they violated
king? The temple, oft the law, with foul affronts, Perhaps thou linger'st, in deep thoughts detain'd Abominations rather, as did once
Of the enterprise so hazardous and high;
No wonder; for, though in thee be united
Or human nature can receive, consider,
Thy life hath yet been private, most part spent And o'er a mighty king so oft prevaild,
At home, scarce view'd the Galilean towns, That by strong hand his family obtain'd, And once a year Jerusalem, few days' [observe! Though priests, the crown, and David's throne | Short sojourn ; and what thence could'st thou usurp'd,
The world thou hadst not seen, much less her With Modin and her suburbs once content.
glory, If kingdom move thee not, let move thee zeal Empires, and monarchs, and their radiant courts, And duty; and zeal and duty are not slow, Best school of best experience, quickest insight But on occasion's forelock watchful wait :
In all things that to greatest actions lead. They themselves rather are occasion best ; The wisest, unexperienc'd, will be ever Zeal of thy father's house, duty to free
Timorous and loth; with novice modesty, Thy country from her heathen servitude.
(As he who, seeking asses, found a kingdom,) So shalt thou best fulfil, best verify
Irresolute, unbardy, unadventurous: The prophets old, who sung thy endless reign; But I will bring thee where thou soon shalt quit The happier reign, the sooner it begins :
Those rudiments, and see before thine eyes Reigu then ; what canst thou better do the The monarchies of the Earth, their pomp and while ?" Sufficient introduction to inform
[state; To whom our Saviour answer thus return'd. Thee, of thyself so apt, in regal arts, “ All things are best fulfill'd in their due time; And regal mysteries; that thou may'st know And time there is for all things, Truth hath said. | How their best opposition to withstand. » If of my reign prophetic writ hath told,
With that, (such power was given him then,) That it shall never end, so, when begin,
A spacious plain, outstretch'd in circuit wide, Be tried in humble state, and things adverse, Lay pleasant; from his side two rivers flow'd, By tribulations, injuries, insults,
The one winding, the other straight, and left Cintempts, and scorns, and snares, and violence,
between Suffering, abstaining, quietly expecting,
Fair champaign wita less rivers intervein'd, Without distrust or doubt, that he may know Then meeting join'd their tribute to the sea : What I can suffer, how obey? Who best
Fertile of corn the glebe, of oil, and wine; Can suffer, best can do; best reign, who first With herds the pastures throng'd, with flocks Well hath obey'd; just trial, ere I merit
seem My exaltation without change or end.
Huge cities and high-tower'd, that well might But what concerns it thee, when I begin
The seats of mightiest monarchs; and so large My everlasting kingdom? Why art thou
The prospect was, tbat here and there was Solicitous ? What moves thy inquisition ?
room Know'st thou not that my rising is thy fall, For barren desert, fonntainless and dry. And my promotion will be thy destruetion ?” To this high mountain top the tempter brought
To whom the tempter, inly rack'd, replied. | Our Saviour, and new train of words began. « Let that come when it comes; all hope is lost “Well have we speeded, and o'er bill and Of my reception into grace : what worse?
dale, For where no hope is left, is left no fear:
Forest and field and food, temples and towers, If there be worse, the expectation more
Cut shorter many a league ; here thou behold'st Of worse torments me than the feeling can, Assyria, and her empire's ancient bounds, I would be at the worst: worst is my port, Araxes and the Caspian lake; thence on My harbour, and my ultimate repose;
As far as Indus cast, Euphrates west, The end I would attain, my final good.
And oft beyond : to south tbe Persian bay, My errour was my errour, and my crime And, inaccessible, the Arabian drought: My crime; whatever, for itself condemn'd; Here Nineveh, of length within her wall And will alike be punish’d, whether thou
Several days journey, built by Ninus old, Reign, or reign not; though to that gentle brow or that first golden' monarchy the seat,
And seat of Salmanassar, whose success
| At sight whereof the fiend yet more presum'd, Israel in long captivity still mourns;
And to our Saviour thus his words renew'd. There Babylon, the wonder of all tongues,
" That thou may'st know I seek not to engage As ancient, but rebuilt by him who twice
Thy virtue, and not every way secure Judah and all thy father David's house
On no slight grounds thy safety; hear, and mark, Led captive, and Jerusalem laid waste,
To what end I have brought thee hither, and Till Cyrus set them free; Persepolis,
shown His city, there thou seest, and Bactra there; All this fair sight; thy kingdom, though foretold. Ecbatana her structure vast there shows,
By prophet or by angel, unless thou And Hecatompylos her hundred gates;
Endeavour,.as thy father David did, There Susa by Choaspes, amber stream,
Thou never shalt obtain ; prediction still The drink of none but kings: of later fame, In all things, and all men, supposes means; Built by Emathian or by Parthian hands, Without means us'd, what it predicts revokes. The great Seleucia, Nisibis, and there
But, say thou wert possess'd of David's throne, Artarata, Teredon, Ctesipbon,
By free consent of all, none opposite,
Roman and Parthian? Therefore one of these From the luxurious kings of Antioch won.
Thou must make sure thy own; the Parthian first And just in time thou com'st to have a view
By my advice, as nearer, and of late Of his great power; for now the Parthian king Found able by invasion to annoy in Ctesiphon hath gather'd all his host
Thy country, and captive lead away her kings, Against the Scythian, whose incursions wild Antigonus and old Hyrcanus, bound, Have wasted Sogdiana; to her aid
Maugre the Roman: it shall be my task He marches now in haste; see, though from far, To render thee the Parthian at dispose, His thousands, in what martial equipage Choose which thou wilt, by conquest or by They issue forth, steel bows and shafts their
By him thou shalt regain, without him not, Of equal dread in flight, or in pursuit; . That which alone can truly re-install thee All borsemen, in which fight they most excel; In David's royal seat, his true successor, See how in warlike myster they appear, Deliverance of thy brethren, those ten tribes, In rhombs, and wedges, and half-moons, and Whose offspring in his territory yet serve, wings,”
In Habor, and among the Medes dispers'd; He look'd, and saw what numbers numberless Ten sons of Jacob, two of Joseph, lost The city gates out-pour'd, light-armed troops, Thus long from Israel, serving, as of old In coats of mail and military pride;
Their fathers in the land of Egypt serv'd, In mail their horses clad, yet feet and strong, This offer sets before thee to deliver. Prancing their riders bore, the flower and choice These if from servitude thou shalt restore Of many provinces from bound to bound;
To their inheritance, then, nor till then, From Arachosia, from Candaor east,
Thou on the throne of David in full glory, And Margiana to the Hyrcanian cliffs
From Egypt to Euphrates, and beyond, Of Caucasus, and dark Iberian dales;
Shalt reign, and Rome or Cæsar not need fear.” From Atropatia and the neighbouring plains To whom our Saviour answer'd thus, unmov'd, Of Adiabene, Media, and the south
“ Much ostentation vain of fleshy arm Of Susiana, to Balsara's haven.
And fragile arms, much instrument of war, He saw them in their forms of battle rang'd, Long in preparing, soon to nothing brought, How quick they wheel'd, and flying behind them Before mine eyes thou hast set; and in my ear shot .
| Vented much policy, and projects deep Sharp sleet of arrowy showers against the face Of enemies, of aids, battles and leagues, Of their pursuers, and overcame by flight; Plausible to the world, to me worth nought. The field all iron cast a gleaming brown:
Means I must use, thou say'st, prediction else Nor wanted clouds of foot, nor on each horn Will unpredict, and fail me of the throne: Cuirassiers all in steel for standing fight, My time, I told thee, (and that time for thee Chariots, or elephants indors'd with towers Were better farthest off,) is not yet come: Of archers; nor of labouring pioneers
When that comes, think not thou to find me slack A multitude, with spades and axes arm'd
On my part aught endeavouring, or to need To lay hills plain, fell woods, or valleys fill, Thy politic maxims, or that cumbersome Or where plain was raise hill, or overlay
Luggage of war there shown me, argument With bridges rivers prond, as with a yoke ; Of human weakness rather than of strength. Mules after these, camels and dromedaries, My brethren, as thou call'st them, those ten tribes And waggons, franght with útensils of war, I must deliver, if I mean to reign Such forces met not, nor so wide a camp,
David's true heir, and his full sceptre sway Wben Agrican with all his northern powers To just extent over all Israel's sons. Besieg'd Albracca, as romances tell,
But whence to thee this zeal? Where was it then The city of Gallaphrone, from whence to win For Israel, or for David, or his throne, The fairest of her sex Angelica, •
When thou stood'st up his tempter to the pride His daughter, sought by many prowest knights, Of numbering Israël, which cost the lives Both Paynim, and the peers of Charleinain, Of threescore and ten thousand Israelites Such and so numerous was their chivalry : By three days pestilence ? Such was thy zeal
To Israel then; the same that now to me!
to him the celebrated seat of ancient learning, As for those captive tribes, themselves were they Athens, its schools, and other various resorts Who wrought their own captivity, fell off
of learned teachers and their disciples ; acFrom God to worship calves, the deities
companying the view with a highly-finished Of Egypt, Baal next avd Ashtaroth,
panegyric on the Grecian musicians, poets, And all the idolatries of heatben round,
orators and philosophers of the different sects. Besides their other worse than heathenish crimes; Jesus replies, by showing the vanity and inNor in the land of their captivity
sufficiency of the boasted heathen philosophy; Humbled themselves, or penitent besought
and refers to the music, poetry, eloquence The God of their forefathers; but so died
and didactic policy of the Greeks, those of Impenitent, and left a race behind
the inspired Hebrew writers. Satan, irritated Like to themselves, distinguishable scarce
at the failure of all his attempts, upbraids From Gentiles, but by circuincision vain ;
the indiscretion of our Saviour in rejecting his And God with idols in their worship join'd.
offers; and, having, in ridicule of his expected Should I of these the liberty regard,
kingdom, foretold the sufferings that our Who, freed, as to their ancient patrimony,
Lord was to undergo, carries him back into the Unhumbled, unrepentant, uoreform'd,
wilderness, and leaves him there. Night Headlong would follow; and to their gods perhaps comes on : Satan raises a tremendous storm, Of Bethel and of Dan? No; let them serve
and attempts further to alarm Jesus with Their enemies, who serve idols with God.
frightful dreams, and terrific threatening Yet he at length, (time to himself best known,) spectres; which however have no effect upon Remembering Abraham, by some wonderous him. A calm, bright, beautiful morning succall
ceeds to the horrours of the night. Satan May bring them back, repentant and sincere, again presents himself to our blessed Lord, And at their passing cleave the Assyrian flood, and, from noticing the storm of the preceding While to their native land with joy they haste; night as pointed chiefly at him, takes occasion As the Red Sea and Jordan once he cleft,
once more to insult him with an account of the When to the Promis'd Land their fathers pass'd : sufferings which be was certainly to undergo. To his due time and providence I leave them." This only draws from our Lord a brief rebuke.
So spake Israel's true king, and to the fiend Satan, now at the height of his desperation, Made answer meet, that made void his wiles. confesses that he had frequently watched Jesus So fares it, when with truth falesehood contends. from his birth, purposely to discover if he was
the true Messiah; and, coliecting from what passed at the river Jordan that he most pro
bably was so, he had from that time more assiPARADISE REGAINED.
duously followed him, in hopes of gaining some advantage over him, which would most effec
tually prove that he was not really that Divine BOOK IV.
Person destined to be his “ fatal enemy."
In this he acknowledges that he has bitherto The ARGUMENT.
completely failed; but still determines to
make one more trial of him. Accordingly he Satan, persisting in the temptation of our Lord,
conveys him to the Temple at Jerusalem, and, shows him imperial Rome in its greatest pomp
placing him on a pointed eminence, requires and splendour, as a power which he probably
him to prove his divinity either by standing
there, or casting himself down with safety. would prefer before that of the Parthians; and tells him that he might with the greatest ease
Our Lord reproves the tempter, and at the expel Tiberius, restore the Romans to their
same time manifests his own divinity by standliberty, and make himself master not only of
ing on this dangerous point. Satan, amazed the Roman Empire, but by so doing of the
and terrified, instantly falls; and repairs to whole world, and inclusively of the throne of
his infernal compeers to relate the bad suc. David. Our Lord, in reply, expresses his
cess of his enterprise. Angels in the mean contempt of grandeur and worldly power, no
time convey our blessed Lord to a beautiful tices the luxury, vanity, and profligacy of the
valley; and, while they minister to him a Romans, declaring how little they merited to
repast of celestial food, celebrate his victory be restored to that liberty, which they had iu a triumphant hymn. lost by their misconduct, and briefly refers to the greatness of his own future kingdom. Satan, Perplex'd and troubled at his bad success now desperate, to enhance the value of his The tempter stood, nor had what to reply, proffered gifts, professes that the only terms, Discover'd in his fraud, thrown from his hope on which he will bestow them, are our Saviour's So oft, and the persuasive rhetoric falling down and worshipping him. Our Lord That sleek'd his tongue, and won so much on expresses a firm but temperate indignation at
Eve, such a proposition, and rebukes the tempter So little here, nay lost; but Eve was Eve: by the title of “ Satan for ever damned." This far his over-match, who, self-deceiv'd Satan, abashed, attempts to justify himself: And rash, before-hand had no better weigh'd he then assumes a new ground of temptation, The strength be was to cope with, or his own : and proposing to Jesus the intellectual gratifi-| But as a man, who had been matchless held cations of wisdom and knowledge, points out In cunning, over-reach'd where least he thought,
To salte his credit, and for every spite, 1 Germans, and Scythians, and Sarmatians, north
To Rome's great emperor, whose wide domain, Abeut the wine-press where sweet must is In ample territory, wealth, and power, pour'd, in
Civility of manners, arts and arms,
Before the Parthian. These two thrones except, Though all to shivers dash'd, the assault renew The rest are barbarous, and scarce worth the (Vain battery !) and in froth or bubbles end ;
sight, So Satan, whom repulse upon repulse
Shar'd among petty kings too far remov'd; Met ever, and to shameful silence brought, These having shown thee, I have shown thee all Yet gives not o'er, though desperate of success, The kingdoms of the world, and all their glory. And his vain importunity pursues.
This emperor hath no son, and now is old, He brought our Saviour to the western side Old and lascivious, and from Rome retird Of that high mountain, whence he might behold | To Capreæ, an island small, but strong, Another plain, long, but in breadth not wide, On the Campanian shore, with purpose there Wash'd by the southern sea, and, on the north, | His horrid lusts in private to enjoy ; To equal length back'd with a ridge of hills Committing to a wicked favourite That screen'd the fruits of the earth, and seats of all public cares, and yet of him suspicious; et men,
Hated of all, and hating. With what ease, From cold Septentrion blast; thence in the midst Endued with regal virtues, as thou art, Divided by a river, of whose banks
Appearing, and beginning noble deeds, On each side an imperial city stood,
Might'st thou expel this monster from his throne, With towers and temples proudly elevate Now made a stye, and, in his place ascending, On seven small hills, with palaces adorn'd, A victor people free from servile yoke! Porcbes, and theatres, baths, aqueducts, And with my help thou may'st; to me the power Statues, and trophies, and triumphal arcs, Is given, and by that right I give it thee. Gardens, and groves, presented to his eyes, Aim therefore at no less than all the world; Above the heat of mountains interpos'd: Aim at the highest : without the highest attain'd, (By what strange parallax, or optic skill Will be for thee no sitting, or not long, Of vision, multiplied through air, or glass On David's throne, be prophesied what will." Of telescope, were curious to inquire :)
To whom the Son of God, unmov'd, replied. And now the tempter thus his silence broke. “ Nor doth this grandeur and majestic show
“ The city which thou seest, no other deem Of luxury, though call'd magnificence, . . Than great and glorious Rome, queen of the More than of arms before, allure mine eye, Earth,
Much less my mind ; though thou should'st add So far renown'd, and with the spoils enrich'd
to tell Of nations; there the Capitol thou seest, Their sumptuous gluttonies, and gorgeous feasts Above the rest lifting his stately head
On citron tables or Atlantic stone, On the Tarpeian rock, her citadel
(For I have also heard, perhaps have read,) Impregnable, and there mount Palatine, Their wines of Setia, Cales, and Faleme, The imperial palace, compass huge and high Chios, and Crete, and how they quaff in gold, The structure, skill of noblest architects,
Crystal, and myrrhine cups, emboss'd with gems With gilded battlements conspicuous far, And studs of pearl; to me should'st tell, wha Turrets, and terraces, and glittering spires :
thirst Many a fair edifice besides, more like
And hunger still. Then embassies thou show'st Houses of gods, (so well I have dispos'd
From nations far and nigh: what honour that, My aery microscope,) thou may'st behold, But tedious waste of time, to sit and hear Outside and inside both, pillars and roofs; So many hollow compliments and lies, Carv'd work, the hand of fam'd artificers, Outlandish flatteries? Then proceed'st to talk .. In cedar, marble, ivory, or gold.
Of the emperor, how easily subdued; Thence to the gates cast round thine eye, and see How gloriously: I shall, thou say'st, expel What conflux issuing forth, or entering in ; A brutish monster; what if I withal Pretors, proconsuls to their provinces
Expel a devil who first made him such? Hasting, or on return, in robes of state,
Let bis tormenter conscience find him out; Ligtors and rods, the ensigns of their power, For him I was not sent; nor yet to free Legions and cohorts, turms of horse and wings : That people, victor once, now vile and base; Or embassies from regions far remote,
Deservedly made vassal; who, once just, In various habits, on the Appian road,
Prugal, and mild, and temperate, conquer'd well, Or on the Emilian; some from farthest south, But govern ill the nations under yoke,
.. . Syene, and where the shadow both way falls,
Peeling their provinces, exhausted all Meroe, Nilotic isle ; and, more to west, | By lust and rapine; first ambitious grown The realm of Bocchus to the Black-moor sea; Of triumph, that insulting vanity; .. From the Asian kings, and Parthian among these; Then cruel, by their sports to blood inur'd From India and the golden Chersonese,
Of fighting beasts, and men to beasts expos'd; And utmost Indian isle Taprobane,
Luxurious by their wealth, and greedier still, Drusk faces with white silken turbans wreath'd ; And from the daily scene effeminate. From Gallia, Gades, and the British west; What wise and valiant man would seek to free...
These, thus degenerate, by themselves enslav'd? And thou thyself seem'st otherwise inclin'd
Alone into the temple, there wast found
the man, To whom the tempter, impudent, replied. As morning shows the day: be famous then "I see all offers made by me how slight
By wisdom; as thy empire most extend, Thou valuest, because offer'd, and reject'st : So let extend thy mind o'er all the world Nothing will please the difficult and nice, In knowledge, all things in it comprehend. Or nothing more than still to contradict: All knowledge is not couch'd in Moses law, On the other side know also thou, that I The Pentateuch, or what the prophets wrote: On what I offer set as high esteem,
The Gentiles also know, and write, and teach Nor what I part with mean to give for nought; To admiration, led by Nature's light, All these, which in a moment thou behold'st, And with the Gentiles much thou must converse The kingdoms of the world, to thee I give, Ruling them by persuasion, as thou mean'st; (For, given to me, I give to whom I please,) Without their learning, how wilt thou with them, No trifle ; yet with this reserve, not else, Or they with thee, hold conversation meet? On this condition, if thou wilt fall down, How wilt thou reason with them, how refute And worship me as thy superior lord,
Their idolisms, traditions, paradoxes ? (Easily done,) and hold them all of me;
Errour by his own arms is best evinc'd. Por what can less so great a gift deserre ?" Look once more, ere we leave this specular · Whom thus our Saviour answer'd with disdain.
mount, “ I never lik'd thy talk, thy offers less; Westward, much nearer by southwest, behold; Now both abhor, since thou hast dar'd to utter Where on the Ægean shore a city stands, The abominable terms, impious condition: Built nobly, pure the air, and lightthe soil; But I endure the time, till which expir'd Athens, the eye of Greece, mother of arts Thou hast permission on me. It is written, And eloquence, native to famous wits The first of all commandments, Thou shalt Or hospitable, in her sweet recess, worship
City or suburban, studious walks and shades. The Lord thy God, and only him shalt serve;' See there the olive grove of Academe, And dar'st thou to the Son of God propound Plato's retirernent, where the Attic bird To worship thee accurs'd? now more accurs'd Trills her thick-warbled notes the summer long; For this attempt, bolder than that on Eve, There flowery hill Hymettus, with the sound and more blasphemous; which expect to rue. Of bees' industrious murmur, oft invites The kingdoms of the world to thee were given ? To studious musing; there Ilissus rolls (view * Permitted rather, and by thee usurp'd ; His whispering stream: within the walls, then Other donation none thou canst produce. The schools of ancient sages; his who bred If given, by whom but by the King of kings, Great Alexander to subdue the world, God over all supreme? if given to thee, Lyceum there, and painted Stoa next : By thee how fairly is the giver now
There shalt thou hear and learn the secret power Repaid ! But gratitude in thee is lost
Of harmony, in tones and numbers hit Long since. Wert thou so void of fear or shame, By voice or hand; and various-measur'd verse, As offer them to me, the Son of God?
Æolian charms and Dorian lyric odes [sung To me my own, on such abhorred pact, And his, who gave them breath, but higher That I fall down and worship thee as God? Blind Melesigenes, thence Homer callid, Get thee behind me; plain thou now appear'st Whose poem Phoebus challeng'd for his own: That Evil-one, Satan for ever damn'd."
Thence what the lofty grave tragedians taught To whom the fiend, with fear abashid, repli- In Chorus or lambic, teachers best “Be not so sore offended, Son of God, (ed. Of moral prudence, with delight receiva Though sons of God both angels are and men, In brief sententious prerepts, while they treat If I, to try whether in higher sort
Of fate, and chance, and change in human life, Than these thou bear'st that title, have propos'a High actions and high passions best describing: What both from men and angels I receive, Thence to the famous orators repair, Tetrarchs of fire, air, flood, and on the Earth, Those ancient, whose resistless eloquence Nations beside from all the quarter'd winds, Wielded at will that fierce democratie, God of this world invok'd, and world beneath: Shook the arsenal, and fulmin'd over Greece Who then thou art, whose coming is foretold To Macedon and Artaxerxes' throne: To me most fatal, me it most concerns; To sage Philosophy next lend thine ear, The trial hath indamag'd thee no way,
From Heaven descended to the low-roof'd house Rather more honour left and more esteem; Of Socrates; see there his tenement, Me nought advantag'l, missing what I aim'd. Whom well inspir'd the oracle pronoune'd Therefore let pass, as they are transitory, Wisest of men; from whose mouth issued forth The kingdoms of this world; I shall no more Mellifluous streams, that water'd all the schoole Advise thee; gain them as thou canst, or not. Of academics old and new, with those