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And thon, Moon, in the vale of Aialon,
And his next son, for wealth and wisdom fam'd, Till Israel overcome ! so call the third
The clouded ark of God, till then in tents From Abraham, son of Isaac; and from him Wandering, shall in a glorious temple enshrine, His whole descent, who thus shall Canaan win." Such follow him, as shall be register'd
Here Adam interpos’d. “O sent from Heaven, Part good, part bad; of bad the longer scroll; Enlightener of my darkness, gracious things Whose foul idolatries, and other faults Thou hast reveald; those chiefly, which con Heap'd to the popular sym, will so incense cern
God, as to leave them, and expose their land, Jast Abraham and his seed: now first I find Their city, his temple, and his holy ark, Mine eyes true-opening, and my heart much with all his sacred things, a scorn and prey · eas'd;
[become To that proud city, whose high walls thou saw'st Erewhile perplex'd with thoughts, what would Left in confusion, Babylon thence call'd. Of me and all mankind: but now I see
There in captivity he lets them dwell [back, His day, in whom all nations shall be blest; The space of seventy years; then brings them Favour unmerited by me, who sought
Remembering mercy, and his covenant sworn Forbidden knowledge by forbidden means. To David, stablish'd as the days of Heaven. This yet I apprehend not, why to those
Return'd from Babylon by leave of kings [God Among whom God will deign to dwell on Earth Their lords, whom God dispos'd, the house of So many and so various laws are given ;
They first re-edify; and for a while, So many laws argue so many sins
In mean estate live moderate ; till grown Among them; how can God with such reside ?” In wealth and multitude, factious they grow:
To whom thus Michael.“ Doubt not but that But first among the priests dissention springs, Will reign among them, as of thee begot; [sin Men who attend the altar, and should most And therefore was law given them, to evince Endeavour peace: their strife pollution brings Their natural pravity, by stirring up
Upon the temple itself: at last they seize Sin against law to fight : that when they see The sceptre, and regard not David's sons ; Law can discover sin, but not remove,
Then lose it to a stranger, that the true Save by those shadowy expiations weak, Anointed king Messiah might be born The blood of bulls and goats, they may conclude Barr'd of his right; yet at his birth a star, Some blood more precious must be paid for Unseen before in Heaven, proclaims him come; man;
And guides the eastern sages, who inquire Just for unjust; that in such righteousness His place, to offer incense, myrrh, and gold : To them by faith imputed, they may find His place of birth a solemn angel tells Justification towards God, and peace
To simple shepherds, keeping watch by night; Of conscience; which the law by ceremonies They gladly thither haste, and by a quire Cannot appease: nor man the moral part Of squadron'd angels hear his carol sung. Perform; and, not performing, cannot live. A virgin is his mother, but his sire So law appears imperfect; and but given The power of the Most High: he shall ascend With purpose to resign them, in full time, The throne hereditary, and bound his reign Up to a better covenant; disciplin'd [rit; With Earth's wide bounds, his glory with the. From shadowy types to truth; from flesh to spi
Heavens." From imposition of strict laws to free
He ceas'd, discerning Adam with such joy Acceptance of large grace; from servile fear. Surcharg'd, as had like grief been dew'd in tears, To filial; works of law to works of faith. Without the vent of words; which these he And therefore shall not Moses, though of God
breath'd. Highly belov'd, being but the minister
"O prophet of glad tidings, finisher Of law, his people into Canaan lead;
Of utmost hope ! now clear I understand (vain; Bat Joshua, whom the Gentiles Jesus call, What oft my steadiest thoughts have searched in His name and office bearing, who shall quell Why our great Expectation should be call'd The adversary-serpent, and bring back
The seed of woman: virgin mother, hail, Through the world's wilderness long-wander'd High in the love of Heaven ; yet from my loins Safe to eternal Paradise of rest.
[man Thou shalt proceed, and from thy womb the Mean while they, in their earthly Canaan placd,
Son Long time shall dwell and prosper, but when sins of God Most High ; so God with man unites. National interrupt their public peace,
Needs must the serpent now his capital bruise Provoking God to raise them enemies;
Expect with mortal pain : say where and when From whom as oft he saves them penitent Their fight, what stroke shall bruise the victor's By judges first, then under kings; of whom
heel." The second, both for piety renown'd
To whom thus Michael. “Dream not of their And puissant deeds, a promise shall receive As of a duel, or the local wounds (fight, Irrevocable, that his regal throne
Of head or heel : not therefore joins the Son For ever shall endure; the like shall sing Manhooc to godhead, with more strength to All prophecy, that of the royal stock
Thy enemy; nor so is overcome [foil Of David (so I name this king) shall rise Satan, whose fall from Heaven, a deadlier A son, the woman's seed to thee foretold,
bruise, Foretold to Abraham, as in whom shall trust Disabled, not to give thee thy death's wound: All nations; and to kings foretold, of kings Which he, who comes thy Saviour, shall recure, The last; for of his reign shall be no end. Not by destroying Satan, but his works But first, a long succession must ensue; In thee, and in thy seed: nor can this be
But by fulfilling that which thou didst want, When this world's dissolution shall be ripe, Obedience to the law of God, impos'd
With glory and power to judge both quick and On penalty of death, and suffering death ;
dead; The penalty to thy transgression due,
To judge the unfaithful dead, but to reward And due to theirs which out of thine will grow : His faithful, and receive them into bliss, So only can high Justice rest appaid.
Whether in Heaven or Earth; for then the Earth The law of God exact he shall fulfil
Shall all be Paradise, far happier place Both by obedience and by love, though love Than this of Eden, and far happier days." Alone fulfil the law; thy punishment
So spake the arch-angel Michaël; then paus'd, He shall endure, by coming in the flesh
As at the world's great period; and our sire, To a reproachful life, and cursed death; Replete with joy and wonder, thus replied. Proclaiming life to all who shall believe
ão Goodness iofinite, Goodness immense! In his redemption; and that his obedience, That all this good of evil shall produce, Imputed, becomes theirs by faith ; his merits And evil turn to good; more wonderful To save them, not their own, though legal, Than that which by creation first brought forta works.
Light out of darkness! Full of doubt I stand, For this he shall live hated, be blasphem'd, Whether I should repent me now of sin Seiz'd on by force, judg’d, and to death con- By me done, and occasion'd; or rejoice (spring; demn'd
Much more, that much more good thereof shall. A shameful and accurs'd, nail'd to the cross To God more glory, more good-will to men By his own nation; slain for bringing life : From God, and over wrath grace shall abound. But to the cross he nails thy enemies,
But say, if oor Deliverer up to Heaven The law that is against thee, and the sins Must re-ascend, what will betide the few Of all mankind with him there crucified, His faithful, left among the unfaithful herd, Never to hurt them more who rightly trust The enemies of truth? Who then shall guide In this his satisfaction: so he dies,
His people, who defend? Will they not deal But soon revives; Death over him no power Worse with his followers than with him they Shall long usurp; ere the third dawning light
dealt?” Return, the stars of morn shall see him rise “ Be sure they will,” said the angel; a bat Qut of his grave, fresh as the dawning light,
from Heaven Thy ransom paid, which man from death re He to his own a Comforter will send, deems,
The promise of the Father, who shall dwell His death for man, as many as offer'd life His Spirit within them; and the law of faith, Neglect not, and the benefit embrace
Working through love, upon their hearts shall By faith nọt void of works: this God-like act To guide them in all truth; and also arm[write, Annuls thy doom, the death thou should'st have With spiritual armour, able to resist In sin for ever lost from life; this act [died, Satan's assaults, and quench his fiery darts; Shall bruise the head of Satan, crush bis What man can do against them, not afraid, strength,
Though to the death ; against such cruelties Defeating Sin and Death, his two main arms; With inward consolations recompens'd, And fix far deeper in his head their stings And oft supported so as shall amaze Than teinporal death shall bruise the victor's Their proudest persecutors; for the Spirit, heel,
Pour'd first on his Apostles, whom he sends Or theirs whom he redeems ; a death, like sleep, To evangelize the nations, then on all A gentle wafting to immortal life.
Baptiz'd, shall them with wonderous gifts endue Nor after resurrection shall he stay
To speak all tongues, and do all miracles, Longer on Earth, than certain times to appear As did their Lord before them. Thus they win To his disciples, men who in his life
Great numbers of each nation to receive Still follow'd him ; to them shall leave in charge With joy the tidings brought from Heaven: at To teach all nations what of him they learn'd
length And his salvation; them who shall believe Their ministry perform'd, and race well run, Baptizing in the profluent stream, the sign Their doctrine and their story written left, Of washing them from guilt of sin to life They die ; but in their room, as they forewam, Pure, and in mind prepard, if so befall,
Wolves shall succeed for teachers, grievous For death, like that which the Redeemer died.
wolves, All nations they shall teach; for, from that day, who all the sacred mysteries of Heaven Not only to the sons of Abraham's loins
To their own vile advantages shall turn Salvation shall be preach'd, but to the sons Of lucre and ambition; and the truth Of Abrabam's faith wherever through the With superstitions and traditions taint, So in his seed all nations shall be blest. [world ; Left only in those written records pure, Then to the Heaven of Heavens he shall ascend Though not but by the Spirit understood. With victory triumphing through the air Then shall they seek to avail themselves of Over his foes and thine ; there shall surprise
names, The serpent, prince of air, and drag in chains Places, and titles, and with these to join Through all his realm, and there confounded Secular power; though feigning still to act Then enter into glory, and resume [leave; By spiritual, to themselves appropriating His seat at God's right hand, exalted high The Spirit of God, promis'd alike, and given Above all names in Heaven and thence shall To all believers; and, from that pretence, come,
Spiritual laws by carnal power shall force
On every conscience; laws which none shall find | Let us descend now therefore from this top
Portending good, and all her spirits compos'd Whence heavy persecution shall arise
To meek submission: thou, at season fit, On all, who in the worship persevere
Let her with thee partake what thou hast heard; Of spirit and truth; the rest, far greater part, Chiefly, what may concern her faith to know, Will deem in outward rites and specious forms The great deliverance by her seed to come Religion satisfiel ; Truth shall retire
(For by the woman's seed) on all mankind : Bestuck with slanderous darts, and works of faith That ye may live, which will be many days, Rarely be found : so shall the world go on,
Both in one faith unanimous, though sad, To good malignant, to bad men benign; With cause for evils past; yet much more Under her own weight groaning; till the day
cheer'd Appear of respiration to the just,
With meditation on the happy end." And vengeance to the wicked, at return
He ended, and they both descend the hill; Of him so lately promis'd to thy aid,
Descended, Adam to the bower, where Eve The woman's Seed ; obscurely then foretold, Lay sleeping, ran before: but found her wakid; Now amplier known thy Saviour and thy Lord;
And thus with words not sad she him receiv'd. Last, in the clouds, from Heaven to be reveald
" Whence thou return'st,and whither went'st, In glory of the Father, to dissolve
I know; Satan with his perverted world; then raise
For God is also in sleep; and dreams advise, From the conflagrant mass, purg'd and refin'd,
Which he hath sent propitious, some great good New Heavens, new Earth, ages of endless date, Presaging, since with sorrow and heart's distress Founded in righteousness, and peace, and love;
Wearied I fell asleep: but now lead on; To bring forth fruits, joy and eternal bliss.”
In me is no delay; with thee to go, He ended; and thus Adam last replied.
Is to stay here; without thee here to stay, " How soon hath thy prediction, seer blest,
Is to go hence unwilling; thou to me Measur'd this transient world, the race of time, Art all things under Heaven, all places thou, Till time stand fix'd? Beyond is all abyss,
Who for my wilful crime art banish'd hence, Eternity, whose end no eye can reach.
This further consolation yet secure Greatly instructed I shall hence depart;
I carry hence; though all by me is lost,
Such favour I unworthy am vouchsaf'd,
So spake our mother Eve; and Adam heard Henceforth I learn, that to obey is best,
Well pleas'd, but answer'd not : for now, too And love with fear the only God; to walk
nigh As in his presence; ever to observe
The arch-angel stood; and from the other hill His providence; and on him sole depend,
To their fix'd station, all in bright array Merciful orer all his works, with good
The cherubim descended; on the ground Still orercoming evil, and by small [weak Gliding meteorous, as evening-mist Accomplishing great things, by things deem'd Ris'n from a river o'er the marish glides, Subverting worldly strong, and worldly wise And gathers ground fast at the labourer's heel By simply meek: that suffering for truth's sake Homeward returning. High in front advanc'd, Is fortitude to highest victory,
The brandish'd sword of God before them blaz'd, And, to the faithful, death, the gate of life; Fierce as a comet; which with torrid heat, l'aught this by his example, whom I now And vapour as the Libyan air adust, Acknowledge my Redeemer ever blest.” Began to parch that temperate clime ; whereat To whom thus also the angel last replied.
In either hand the hastening angel caught " This having learn'd, thou hast attain'd the Our lingering parents, and to the eastern gate sum
Led them direct, and down the cliff as fast of wisdom ; hope no higher, though all the stars to the subjected plain; then disappear'd. Thou knew'st by name, and all the ethereal They, looking back, all the eastern side beheld powers,
Of Paradise, so late their happy seat, All secrets of the deep, all Nature's works,
Wav'd over by that flaming brand ; the gate Dr works of God in Heaven, air, earth, or soa,
With dreadful faces throng'd, and fiery arms: And all the riches of this world enjoy'dst, Some natural tears they dropt, but wip'd them And all the rule, one empire; only add
soon; Deeds to thy knowledge answerable; add faith,
The world was all before them, where to choose Add virtue, patience, temperance; add love,
Their place of rest, and Providence their guide : By name to come calPd charity, the soul They, hand in hand, with wandering steps and Of all the rest : then wilt thou not be loth
slow, Po leave this Paradise, but shalt possess
Through Edeu took their solitary way. A paradise within thee, happier far.
poetical works; as have such, which relate to
the respective pieces, and which have been more TO
minutely investigated, in Ms. Warton's two ediPARADISE LOST.
tions of Milton's smaller poems. Upon a careful
examination of this manuscript, I bave discoverCONTAINING PLANS OF SIMILAR SUBJECTS, INTEND ed a few peculiarities, or variations of expression, ED FOR TRAGEDIES BY MILTON : FROM HIS OWN
which have escaped the notice of those who have MS, IN TRINITY COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE.
preceded me in describing this literary curiosity; and which will be found in their proper places.
For I have added, at the end of each particular In the library of Trinity College, Cambridge, poem, as of Lycidas, Areades, and Comus; and is a thin folio manuscript, marked, in the year
at the end of each series of poems, as of Sonnets, 1799, when I was obligingly permitted by the odes, and Miscellanies; the several various read master and fellows of that society to examine it, ings respectively belonging to them. In this arMiscell. R, iii. 4. It is handsomely bound; and rangement I hope to gratify the reader: who, to the inside of one of the covers is pasted a paper after reading the finished poem, may then trace with this inscription : Membra hæc eruditis- without interruption, (to use the language of Dr, simi et pænè divine Poetæ olim miserè disjecta et Johnson respecting the imperfect rudiments of passim sparsa, postea vero fortuitd inventa, et Paradise Lost,) the gradual growth and expansion in unum denuo collecta à Carolo Mason ejusdem of great works in their seminal state; and observe Collegii Socio, et inter Miscellanea reposita, de- how they are sometimes suddenly advanced by inceps eâ quâ decuit religione servari voluit accidental hints, and sometimes slowly improved THOMAS CLARKE', nuperrimme hujusce Collegii, by steady meditation. For this reason also I have nunc ve ð Medii Templi Londini, Socius, 1736. placed the dramatic plans of Paradise Lust at the These papers were found by Dr. Mason, above conclusion of the poet's sublimer “ heroic song;* mentioned, who was also Woodwardian professor and have suhjoined, to the tragedy of Samson at Cambridge, among other old and neglected agonistes, the plans of Milton's other intended manuscripts belonging to sir Henry Newton dramas. Puckering, a considerable benefactor to the library. They contain two draughts of a letter to of the tragedy or mystery there are two plans. a friend, who had importuned Milton to take orders; the following plans of Paradise Lost in THE PERSONS.
TE PERSONS. the form of a tragedy, or mystery; the plans or Michael.
Moses. subjects of several other intended tragedies, all
Heavenly Love, Divine Justice, Mercie, in the poet's own hand; and entire copies of Chorus of Angels. Wisdom, Heavenly many of his smaller poems, in the same hand, Lucifer.
Love. except in a few instances, exhibiting his first Adam, with the ser- Michael thoughts and subsequent corrections. All these Eve,
pent. Hesperus, the evening variations, Mr. Warton has observed, have been conscience.
starre, imperfectly and incorrectly printed by Dr. Birch. Death.
Lucifer, Various readings of this MS, have been also ad. Labour;
Adam. mitted into Dr. Newton's edition of all Milton's Sicknesse,
Discontent, Mutes. Conscience. 1 Afterwards master of the Rolls, and knight.
Labour, * Mr. Warton says that gir Henry “had so
Sicknesse, great an affection for this college, in which he
Discontent, had been educated, that in his eightieth year he
Ighorance, desired to be readmitted ; and, residing there a
Charity, whole summer, presented to the new library,
Death; just then finished, his own collection of books,
Faith. amounting to near four thousand volumes. He
Hope. was son of sir Adam Newton, tutor to prince
Charity. Henry; and many papers written by that prince, or relating to him, are involved in the collection. Sir Henry took the name of Puckering in remembrance of his uncle sir Thomas Puckering of War
Paradise Lost. wickshire, a learned and accomplished 'man, brother in law to sir Aslam Newton, son of lord
THE PERSONS. keeper Puckering, a companion of the studies of prince Henry. Many of the books were presents Moses apologies, recounting how he assumed to the prince from authors or editors. In Dr. his true bodie; that it corrupts not, because of Duport's Hore subseciu«, a poem is addressed to his [abodel with God in the mount: declares the this preserver of Milton's manuscripts, Ad D. like of Enoch and Eliah ; besides the paritie of Henricum Puckeringum, alias Newtonum, Equitum the place, that certain pure winds, dews, and baroneltum. Cantabr. 1676. 8vo. pp. 222, 223. clouds, præserve it from corruption; whence This sir Henry had a son, papii to Dr. Duport at horts to the sight of God; tells they cannot see Trinity College, but who died before his father.” Adam in the state of innocence by reason of thir
Justice, Mercie, debating what should become of At last, after discourse of enmity on either side,
Chorus prepare resistance at his first approach. Wisdome, Man, if he fall.
he departs; whereat the Chorus sing of the bat
tell and victorie in Heaven against him and his Acr II.
accomplices : as before, after the first act, was Heavenly Love.
sung a hymn of the creation3. Evening-Starre.
Heer again may appear Lucifer, relating and Chorns sing the marriage song, and describe Pa- insulting in what he had don to the destruction radice,
of Man. Man next, and Eve, having by this time bin seduc't by the serpent, appears con
fusedly cover'd with leaves. Conscience, in a Act III.
shape, accuses him. Justice cites him to the Lucifer contriving Adam's ruine.
place, whither Jehovah called for him. In the Chorus feares for Adam, and relates Lucifer's re- mean while, the Chorus entertains the stage, and bellion and fall.
is informed, by some angel, [of] the manner of his fall4.
Heer the Chorus bewails Adam's fall. Adam Act IV.
then and Eve returne, and accuse one another ;
but especially Adam layes the blame to his wife ; ,
is stubborn in his offence, Justice appears ; reaConscience cites them to God's examination, sons with him, convinces him. The Chorus adChorus bewailes, and tells the good, Adam hath monishes Adam, and bids him beware Lucifer's lost.
example of impenitences,
The angel is sent to banish them out of ParaAct V.
dise; but, before, causes to pass before his eyes, Adam and Eve driven out of Paradice : præsented in shapes, a mask of all the evills of this life and by an angel with
world. He is humbl’d, releats, dispaires. At Labour,
last appeares Mercy, comforts him, promises the Grief,
Messiah ; then calls in Faith, Hope, and ChaHatred,
rity ; instructs him. He repents; gives God the Envie,
glory, submitts to his penalty. The Chorus Warre, Mutes, to whom he gives thire
briefly concludes . Famine, names ; likewise Winter, Heat,
Compare this with the former draught?.
The subject proposed. Invocation of the Holy
Spirit.---The poem opens with John baptizing 3 End of the second act.
4 End of the third act. The next sketch, as Dr. Johnson has remarked,
$ End of the fourth act. seems to have attained more maturity; and is en
6 End of the fifth act. titled
9 The reader may compare the allegorical
characters, and their offices, in this and the preAdam unparadiz'd.
ceding draught, with those in the Italian drama
by Andreini: The angel Gabriel, either descending or en Phillips, the nephew of Milton, has told us, tring; showing, since the globe was created, his that Paradise Lost was first designed for a trafrequency as much on Earth as in Heaven; de- gedy, and that in the fourth book of the poem scribes Paradise. Next, the Chorus, showing the “there are ten verses, which, several years before reason of his comming to keep his watch after the poem was begun, were shown to me, and Jacifer's rebellion, by command from God : and some others, as designed for the very beginning withall expressing his desire to see and know of the said tragedy.” Life, &c. 1694, p. xxxv. more concerning this excellent and new creature, These verses are the opening of Satan's celebratMan. The angel Gabriel, as by his name signi- ed address to the Sun. “O thou, that with surfying a prince of power, tracing Paradise with a passing glory crown'd, &c."
TODD. more free office, passes by the station of the (") No edition of Paradise Regained had ever Chorus; and, desired by them, relates what he appeared with Arguments to the Books, before knew of Man; as the creation of Eve, with thire that which was published in 1795 by Mr. Dun.. love and marriage.
ster; from which they are adopted in this edi. After this, Lucifer appears after his overthrow, tion. Peck indeed endeavoured to supply the bemoans himself, seeks revenge upon Man. The deficiency, in his Memoirs of Milton, 1740,