Obrazy na stronie

halt lose, expell'd from hence into a world of woe and sorrow.' Sternly he pronounc'd he rigid interdiction, which resounds et dreadful in mine ear, though in my choice otto incur; but soon his clear aspect eturn'd, and gracious purpose thus renew'd. Not only these fair bounds, but all the Earth othee and to thy race I give; as lords ossess it, and all things that therein live, or live in sea, or air; beast, fish, and fowl. sign whereof, each bird and beast behold fter their kinds; I bring them to receive rom thee their names, and pay thee fealty With low subjection; understand the same f fish within their watery residence, ot hither summon'd, since they cannot change heir element, to draw the thinner air.” s thus he spake, each bird and beast behold pproaching two and two; these cowering low With blandishment; each bird stoop'd on his wing. nam'd them, as they pass'd, and understood heir nature, with such knowledge God endued sy sudden apprehension: but in these found not what methought I wanted still ; nd to the heavenly vision thus presum’d. “‘O, by what name, for thou above all these, bove mankind, or aught than mankind higher, urpassest far my naming; how may I dore thee, Author of this universe, nd all this good to Man? for whose well being » amply, and with hands so liberal, hou hast provided all things: but with me see not who partakes. In solitude What happiness, who can enjoy alone, r, all enjoying, what contentment find o' hus I presumptuous; and the vision bright, s with a smile more brightened, thus replied. “‘What call'st thou solitude? Is not the Earth With various living creatures, and the air eplenish'd, and all these at thy command o come and play before thee? Know'st thou not heir language and their ways * They also know, nd reason not contemptibly: with these ind pastime, and bear rule; thy realm is large.” spake the Universal Lord, and seem'd , ordering: I, with leave of speech implor’d, nd humble deprecation, thus replied. “‘Let not my words offend thee, Heavenly Power, sy Maker, be propitious while I speak. ast thou not made me here thy substitute, nd these inferior far beneath me set 2 mong unequals what society an sort, what harmony, or true delight? "hich must be mutual, in proportion due iven and receiv'd; but in disparity he one intense, the other still remiss annot well suit with either, but soon prove edious alike: of fellowship I speak ach as I seek, fit to participate Il rational delight: wherein the brute annot be human consort: they rejoice ach with their kind, lion with lioness; , fitly them in pairs thou hast combin'd: such less can bird with beast, or fish with fowl well converse, nor with the ox the ape; sorse then can man with beast, and least of all.”

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“Whereto the Almighty answer'd,not displeas'd, “A nice and subtle happiness, I see, Thou to thyself proposest, in the choice Of thy associates, Adam ' and wilt taste No pleasure, though in pleasure, solitary: What think'st thou then of me, and this my states Seem I to thee sufficiently possess'd Of happiness, or not who am alone From all etermity; for none I know Second to me or like, equal much less. How have I then with whom to hold converse, Save with the creatures which I made, and those To me inferior, infinite descents Beneath what other creatures are to thee?” He ceas'd; I lowly answer'd. “To attain The height and depth of thy eternal ways All human thoughts come short, Supreme of things | - ** Thou in thyself art perfect, and in thee Is no deficience found: not so is Man, But in degree; the cause of his desire By conversation with his like to help, Orsolace his defects. No need that thou Shouldst propagate, already infinite; And through all numbers absolute, though one: But Man by number is to manifest His single imperfection, and beget Like of his like, his image multiplied, In unity defective; which requires Collateral love, and dearest amity. Thou in thy secresy although alone, Best with thyself accompanied, seek'st not Social communication; yet, so pleas'd, Canst raise thy creature to what height thou Of union or communion, deified: [wilt I, by conversing, cannot these erect From prone; nor in their ways complacence find.” Thus I embolden'd spake, and freedom us'd Permissive, and acceptance found; which gain'd. This answer from the gracious voice divine. “‘Thus far to try thee, Adam, I was pleas'd; And find thee knowing, not of beasts alone, Which thou hast rightly nam’d, but of thyself; Expressing well the spirit within thee free, My image, not imparted to the brute: Whose fellowship therefore unmeet for thee Good reason was thou freely shouldst dislike; And be so minded still: I, ere thou spak'st, Knew it not good for Man to be alone; And no such company as then thou saw'st Intended thee; for trial only brought, To see how thou could'stjudge of fit and meet: What next I bring shall please thee, be assur’d, Thy likeness, thy fit help, thy other self, Thy wish exactly to thy heart's desire.” “He ended, or I heard no more; for now My earthly by his heavenly overpower'd, Which it had long stood under, strain'd to the In that celestial colloquy sublime, [height As with an object that excels the sense Dazzled and spent, sumk down, and sought repair Of sleep, which instantly fell on me, call’d By Nature as in aid, and clos'd mine eyes. Mine eyes he clos'd, but open left the cell Of fancy, my internal sight; by which, Abstract as in a trance, methought I saw, Though sleeping, where I lay, and saw the shape Still glorious before whom awake I stood: Who stooping open'd * side, and took o

From thence a rib, with cordial spirits warm,
And life-blood streaming fresh: wide was the
But suddenly with flesh fill'd up and heal’d:
The rib he form'd and fashion'd with his hands;
Under his forming hands a creature grew,
Man-like, but different sex; so lovely fair,
That what seem'd fair in all the world, seem'd
Mean, or in her summ'd up, in her contain'd
And in her looks; which from that time infus'd
Sweetness into my heart, unfelt before,
And into all things from her air inspir'd
The spirit of love and amorous delight.
She disappear'd, and left me dark; Iwak'd
To find her, or for ever to deplore
Her loss, and other pleasures all abjure :
When out of hope, behold her, not far off,
Such as I saw her in my dream, adorn’d
With what all Earth or Heaven could bestow
To make her amiable: on she came,
Led by her heavenly Maker, though unseen,
And guided by his voice; nor uninform'd
Of nuptial sanctity, and marriage rites:
Grace was in all her steps, Heaven in her eye,
In every gesture dignity and love.
1, overjoy'd, could not forbear aloud.
“‘This turn hath made amends; thou hast
Thy words, Creator bounteous and benign,
Giver of all things fair! but fairest this
Of all thy gifts! nor enviest. " I now see
Bone of my bone, flesh of my flesh, myself
Before me: woman is her name; of man
Extracted : for this cause he shall forego
Father and mother, and to his wife adhere;
And they shall be one flesh, one heart, one soul."
“She heard me thus; and though divinely
Yet innocence, and virgin modesty,
Her virtue, and the conscience of her worth,
That would be woo'd, and not unsought be won,
Not obvious, not obtrusive, but, retir’d,
The more desirable; or, to say all,
Nature herself, though pure of sinful thought,
Wrought in her so, that, seeing me, she turn'd :
I follow'd her; she what was honour knew,
And with obsequious majesty approv'd
My pleaded reason. To the nuptial bower
I led herblushing like the morn: all Heaven,
And happy constellations, on that hour
Shed their selectest influence; the Earth
Gave sign of gratulation, and each hill;
Joyous the birds; fresh gales and gentle airs
Whisper'd it to the woods, and from their wings
Flung rose, flungodours from the spicy shrub,
Disporting, till the amorous bird of night
Sung spousal, and bid haste the evening-star
On his hill-top, to light the bridal lamp.
Thus have I told thee all my state, and brought
My story to the sum of earthly bliss,
Which I enjoy; and must confess to find
In all things else delight indeed, but such
As, us'd or not, works in the mind no change,
Nor vehement desire; these delicacies [flowers,
I mean of taste, sight, smell, herbs, fruits, and
Walks, and the melody of birds : but here
Farotherwise, transported 1 behold,
Transported touch ; here passion first I felt,

Commotion strange' in all enjoyments else
Superior and unmov’d; here only weak
Against the charm of beauty's powerful giance.
Or Nature fail'd in me, and left some part
Notproof enough such object to sustain;
Or, from my side subducting, took perhaps
More than enough; at least on her bestow'd
Too much of ornament, in outward show
Elaborate, of inward less exact.
For well I understand in the prime end
Of Nature her the inferior, in the mind
And inward faculties, which most excel;
In outward also her resembling less
His image who made both, and less expressing
The character of that dominion given
O'er other creatures: yet when I approach
Her loveliness, so absolute she seems
And in herself complete, so well to know
Her own, that what she wills to do or say
Seems wisest, virtuousest, discreetest, best :
All higher knowledge in her presence falls
Degraded ; Wisdom in discourse with her
Loses discountenanc'd, and like Folly shows;
Authority and Reason on her wait,
As one intended first, not after made
Occasionally; and, to consummate all,
Greatness of mind, and Nobleness, their seat
Build in her loveliest, and create an awe
About her, as a guard angelic plac'd.”
To whom the angel with contracted brow.
“Accuse not Nature, she hath done her part;
Do thou but thine; and be not diffident
Of Wisdom; she deserts thee not, if thou
Dismiss not her,when most thou need'st her nigh,
By attributing overmuch to things
Less excellent, as thou thyself perceiv'st.
For, what admir'st thou, what transports theese,
An outside 2 fair, no doubt, and worthy well
Thy cherishing, thy honouring, and thy love;
Not thy subjection: weigh with her thyself;
Then value: oft-times nothing profits more
Than self-esteem, grounded on just and right
Well manag’d ; of that skill the more thou
The more she will acknowledge thee her head,
And to realities yield all her shows:
Made so adorn for thy delight the more,
So awful, that with honour thou may'st love
Thy mate,. who sees when thou art seen least
But if the sense of touch, whereby mankind
Is propagated, seem such dear delight
Beyond all other; think the same vouchsafd
To cattle and each beast; which would not be
To them made common and divulg’d, if aught
Therein enjoy'd were worthy to subdue
The soul of man, or passion in him move.
What higher in her society theu find'st
Attractive, human, rational, lovestill ;
In loving thou dost well, in passion not,
Wherein true love consists not : Love refines
The thoughts, and heartenlarges; hath his seat
In reason, and is judicious; is the scale
By which to Heavenly love thou may'st ascend,
Notsunk in carnal pleasure; for which cause,
Among the beasts no mate for thee was found.”
To whom thus, half abash'd, Adam replied
“Neither her outside form'd so fair, moraught
In procreation common to all Aiuds,

(Though higher of the genial bed by far, And with mysterious reverence I deem,) So much delights me, as those graceful acts, Those thousand decencies, that daily flow From all her words and actions mix’d with love And sweet compliance, which declare unfeign'd Union of mind, or in us both one soul; Harmony to behold in wedded pair More grateful than harmonious sound to the ear. Yet these subject not: I to thee disclose What inward thence I feel, not therefore foil'd, Who meet with various objects, from the sense Variously representing : yet, still free, Approve the best, and follow what I approve. To love, thou blam'st me not; for Love, thou say'st, Leads up to Heaven, is both the way and guide; Bear with me then, if lawful what I ask: Love not the heavenly spirits, and how their love Express they? by looks only * or do they mix Irradiance, virtual or immediate touch " To whom the angel, with a smile that glow'd Celestial rosy red, Love's properhue, Answer'd. “Letit suffice thee that thou know'st Us happy, and without love no happiness. Whatever pure thou in the body enjoy'st, (And pure thouwert created) we enjoy In eminence; and obstacle find none of membrane, joint, or limb, exclusive bars; Easier than air with air, if spirits embrace, Total they mix, union of pure with pure Desiring; nor restrain'd conveyance need, As flesh to mix with flesh, or soul with soul. But I can now no more; the parting Sun Beyond the Earth's green cape and verdant isles Hesperian sets, my signal to de Be strong, live happy, and loves but, first of all, Him, whom to love is to obey, and keep His great command: take heed lest passion sway Thy judgment to do aught, which else free will Would not admit: thine, and of all thy sons, The weal or woe in thee is plac'd ; beware : I in thy persevering shall rejoice, And all the blest : stand fast; to stand or fall Free in thine own arbitrement it lies. Perfect within, no outward aid require; And all temptation to transgress repel.” So saying, he arose; whom Adam thus Follow’d with benediction. “Since to part, Go, heavenly guest, ethereal messenger, Sent from whose sovran goodness I adoret Gentle to me and affable hath been Thy condescension, and shall be honour'd ever With grateful memory: thou to mankind Be good and friendly still, and oft return o' So parted they ; the angel up to Heaven Frou the thick shade, and Adam to his bower.


The Angumex'r.

Satan, having compassed the Earth, with meditated guile returns, as a mist, by night into

Paradise; enters into the serpent sleeping. Adam and Eve in the morning go forth to their labours, which Eve proposes to divide in several places, each labouring apart: Adam consents not, alleging the danger, lest that enemy, of whom they were forewarned, should attempt her found alone: Eve, loth to be thought not circumspect or firm enough, urges her going apart, the rather desirous to make trial of her strength ; Adam at last yields : the serpent finds her alone; his subtle approach, first gazing, then speaking; with much flattery extolling Eve above all other creatures. Eve, wondering to hear the serpent speak, asks how he attained to human speech, and

such understanding, not till now ; the serpent answers, that by tasting of a certain tree in the garden he attained both to speech and reason, till then void of both : Eve requires him to bring her to that tree, and finds it to be the tree of knowledge forbidden: the serpent now grown bolder, with many wiles and arguments, induces her at length to eat; she, pleased with the taste, deliberates a while whether to impart thereof to Adam or not; at last brings him of the fruit; relates what persuaded her to eat thereof: Adam, at first amazed, but perceiving her lost, resolves,through vehemence of love, to perish with her: and, extenuating the trespass, eats also of the fruit: the effects thereof in them both; they seek to cover their nakedness; then fall to variance and accusation of one another.

No mere of talk where God or angel guest
With Man, as with his friend, familiar us’d
To sit indulgent, and with him partake
Rural repast; permitting him the while
Venial discourse unblam'd. I now must change
Those notes to tragic; foul distrust, and
Disloyal on the part of Man, revolt
And disobedience: on the part of Heaven
Now alienated, distance and distaste,
Anger and just rebuke, and judgment given,
That brought into this world a world of woe,
Sin and her shadow Death, and Misery
Death's harbinger: sad task, yet argument
Not less but more heroic than the wrath
Ofstern Achilles on his foe pursued
Thrice fugitive about Troy wall; or rage
Of Turnus for Lavinia disespous’d;
Or Neptune's ire, or Juno's, that so long
Perplex'd the Greek, and Cytherea's son;
Hfanswerable style I can obtain
Of my celestial patroness, who deigns
Her nightly visitation unimplor’d,
And dictates to me slumbering ; or inspires
Easy my unpremeditated verse :
Since first this subject for heroic song
Pleas'd me long choosing, and beginning late;
Not sedulous by nature to indite
Wars, hitherto the only argument
Heroic deem'd; chief mastery to dissect
With long and tedious havoc fabled kuights
In battles feign'd ; the better fortitude
Of patience and heroic martyrdom
Unsung ; or to describe races and games,
Or tilting furniture, imblazon’d shields,

Impresses quaint, caparisons and steeds,
Bases and tinsel trappings, gorgeous knights
At joust and tournament; then marshall’d feast
Serv'd up in hall with sewers and seneshals;
The skill of artifice or office mean,
Not that which justly gives heroic name
To person or to poem. Me, of these
Norskill'd nor studious, higher argument
Remains; sufficient of itself to raise
That name, unless an age too late, or cold
Climate, or years, damp my intended wing
Depress'd; and much they may, if all be mine,
Not hers, who brings it nightly to my ear.
The Sun was sunk, and after him the star
Of Hesperus, whose office is to bring
Twilight upon the Earth, short arbiter
*Twixt day and night, and now from end to end
Night's hemisphere had veil'd the horizon
round :
When Satan, who late fled before the threats
Of Gabriel out of Eden, now improv'd
In meditated fraud and malice, bent
On Man's destruction, maugre what mighthap
Of heavier on himself, fearless return'd.
By might he fled, and at midnight return'd
From compassing the Earth; cautious of day,
Since Uriel, regent of the Sun, descried
His entrance, and forewarn'd the cherubim
That kept their watch; thence full of anguish
driven, -
The space of seven continued nights he rode
With darkness thrice the equinoctial line
He circled; four times cross'd the car of might
From pole to pole travérsing each colàre;
On the eighth return'd ; and on the coastaverse
From entrance orcherubic watch, by stealth
Found unsuspected way. There was a place,
Now not, though sin, not time, first wrought the
Where Tigris at the foot of Paradise,
Into a gulf shot under ground, till part
Rose up a fountain by the tree of life:
In with the river sunk, and with it rose
Satan, involv’d in rising mist; then sought
Where to lie hid; sea he had search'd, and land,
From Eden over Pontus and the pool
Maeotis, up beyond the river Ob ;
Downward as far antarctic ; and in length,
West from Orontes to the ocean barr'd
At Darien; thence to the land where slows
Ganges and Indus: thus the orb he roam'd
With narrow search; and with inspection deep
Consider'd every creature, which of all
Most opportune might serve his wiles; and found
The serpent subtlest beast of all the field.
Him after long debate, irresolute
Of thoughts revolv’d, his final sentence chose
Fit vessel, fittestimp of fraud, in whom
To enter, and his dark suggestions hide
From sharpest sight: for, in the wily snake
Whatever sleights, none would suspicious mark,
As from his wit and native subtlety
Proceeding ; which, in other beasts observ'd,
Doubt mightbeget of diabolic power
Active within, beyond the sense of brute.
Thus he resolv’d, but first from inward grief
His bursting passion into plaints thus pour’d.
“O Earth, how like to Heaven, if not preferr'd
More justly, seat worthier of Gods, as built

with second thoughts, reforming what was
old 2
For what god, after better, worse would build?
Terrestrial Heaven, danc'd round by other Hea-
That shine, yet bear their bright officious lamps,
Light above light, for thee alone as seems,
In thee concentring all their precious beams
Of sacred influence As God in Heaven
Is centre, yet extends to all; so thou,
Centring, receiv'st from all those orbs; in thee,
Not in themselves, all their known virtue ap-
Productive in herb, plant, and nobler birth
Of creatures animate with gradual life
Of growth, sense, reason, all summ'd up in Man.
With what delight could I have walk'd thee
If I could joy in aught, sweet interchange
Of hill, and valley, rivers, woods, and plains,
Now land, now sea, and shores with forest
Rocks, dens, and caves! But I in none of these
Find place or refuge; and the more I see
Pleasures about me, so much more I feel
Torment within me, as from the hateful siege
Of contraries: all-good to me becomes
Bane, and in Heaven much worse would bemy
But neither here seek I, no nor in Heaven
To dwell, unless by mastering Heaven's Supreme;
Nor hope to be myselfless miserable
By what I seek, but others to makesuch
As I, though thereby worse to me redound:
For only in destroying I find ease
To my relentless thoughts; and, him destroyed,
Or won to what may work his utter loss,
For whom all this was made, all this will soon
Follow, as to him link'd in weal or woe;
In woe them; that destruction wide may range:
To me shall be the glory sole among
The infermal powers, in one day to have marr'd
What he, Almighty styl'd, six nights and days
Continued making; and who knows how long
Before had been contriving 2 though perhaps
Not longer than since I, in one night, freed
From servitude inglorious well nigh half
The angelic name, and thinner left the throng
Of his adorers: he, to be aveng’d,
And to repair his numbers thus impair’d,
Whether such virtue spent of old now fail'd
More angels to create, if they at least
Are his created, or, to spite us more,
Determin'd to advance into our room
A creature form'd of earth, and him endow,
Exalted from so base origiual, [creed,
With heavenly spoils, our spoils: what he de-
He effected; Man he made, and for him built
Magnificent this world, and Earth his seat,
Him lord pronounc'd; and, O indiguity!
Subjected to his service angel-wings,
And flaming ministers to watch and tend
Their earthy charge : of these the vigilance
I dread; and, to elude, thus wraptin mist
Of midnight vapour glide obscure, and pry
In every bush and brake, where hap may find
The serpent sleeping; in whose mazy folds
To hide me, and the dark intent I bring.
Q foul descent! thats, who erst contended

With Gods to sit the highest, am now con-
Into a beast; and, mix’d with bestial slime,
This essence to incarnate and imbrute,
That to the height of deity aspir'd
But what will not ambition and revenge
Descend to ? Who aspires, must down as low
As high he soar'd ; obnoxious, first or last,
To basest things. Revenge, at first though
Bitter ere long, back on itself recoils:
Let it; I reck not, so it light well aim’d,
Since higher I fall short, on him who next'
Provokes my envy, this new favourite
Of Heaven, this man of clay, son of despite,
Whom, us the more to spite, his Maker rais'd,
From dust: spite then with spite is best repaid.”
So saying, through each thicket dank or dry,
Like a black mist low-creeping, he held on
His midnight-search, where soonest he might
The serpent: him fast sleeping soon he found
In labyrinth of many a round self-roll’d,
His head the midst, well stor'd with subtle wiles:
Not yet in horrid shade or dismalden, .*
Nornocent yet; but, on the grassy herb, -
Fearless unfear'd he slept: in athis mouth
The Devil enter'd; and his brutal sense,
In heart or head, possessing, soon inspir'd
With act intelligential; but his sleep
Disturb’d not, waiting close the approach of morn.
Now, when assacred light began to dawn
In Eden on the humid flowers, that breath'd
Their morning incense, when all things, that
From the Earth's great altar send up silent praise
To the Creator, and his nostrils fill
With grateful smell, forth came the human pair,
And join'd their vocal worship to the quire
Of creatures wanting voice; that done, partake
The season, prime for sweetest scents and airs:
Then commune, how that day they best may ply
Their growing work: for much their work out-
The hands' despatch of two gardening so wide,
And Eve first to her husband thus began.
“Adam, well may we labour still to dress
This garden, still to tend plant, herb, and flower,
Our pleasant task enjoin'd; but till more hands
Aid us, the work under our labour grows,
Luxurious by restraint; what we by day
Lop overgrown, or prune, or prop, or bind,
One night or two with wanton growth derides
Tending to wild. Thou therefore now advise,
Or bear what to my mind first thoughts present:
Let us divide our labours; thou, where choice
Leads thee, or where most needs, whether to
The woodbine round this arbour, or direct
The clasping ivy where to climb; while I,
In yonder spring of roses intermix'd
With myrtle, find what to redress till noon:
For, while so near each other thus all day
Our task we choose, what wonder if so near
Looks intervene and smiles, or object new
Casual discourse draw on; which intermits
Our day's work, brought to little, though begun
Early, and the hour of supper comes unearn'd?”
To whom mild answer Adam thus return'd.

* “Sole Eve, associate sole, to me beyond Compare above all living creatures dear! Well hast thou motion'd, well thy thoughts employ'd, How we might best fulfil the work which here God hath assign'd us; nor of me shalt pass Unprais'd: for nothing lovelier can be found In woman, than to study household good, And good works in her husband to promote. Yet not so strictly hath our Lord impos'd Labour, as to debar us when we need Refreshment, whether food, or talk between, Food of the mind, or this sweet intercourse Of looks and smiles; for smiles from reason flow, To brute denied, and are of love the food; Love, not the lowest end of human life. For not to irksome toil, but to delight, He made us, and delight to reason join'd. These paths and bowers doubt not but our joint. hands • Will keep from wilderness with ease, as wide As we need walk, till younger hands ere long Assist us: but, if much converse perhaps Thee satiate, to short absence I could yield: For solitude sometimes is best society, And short retirement urges sweet return. But other doubt possesses me, lest harm Befall thee sever'd from me; for thou know'st What hath been warn'd us, what malicious foe Envying our happiness, and of his own Despairing, seeks to work us woe and shame By sly assault; and somewhere nigh at hand Watches, no doubt, with greedy hope to find His wish and best advantage, usasunder; Hopeless to circumvent us join'd, where each To other speedy aid might lend at need: Whether his first design be to withdraw Our fealty from God, or to disturb Conjugal love, than which perhaps no bliss Enjoy’d by us excites his envy more ; Or this, or worse, leave not the faithful side That gave thee being, still shades thee, and protects. The wife, where danger or dishonour lurks, Safestand seemliestby her husband stays, Who guards her, or with her the worst endures.” To whom the virgin majesty of Eve, As one who loves, and some unkindness meets, With sweet austere composure thus replied. “Offspring of Heaven and Earth, and all - Earth's Lord! That such an enemy we have, who seeks Our ruin, both by thee inform'd I learn, And from the parting angel over-heard, As in a shady nook I stood behind, Just then return'd at shut of evening flowers. But that thou shouldst my firmness therefore doubt To God or thee, because we have a foe May tempt it, I expected not to hear. His violence thou fear'st not, being such As we, not capable of death or pain, Can either not receive, or can repel. His fraud is then thy fear; which plain infers Thy equal fear, that my firm faith and love Can by his fraud be shaken or seduc’d; Thoughts, which how found they harbour in thy breast, Adam, mis-thought of her to thee so dear?"

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