Obrazy na stronie
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Shalt lose, expelld from hence into a world | “Whereto the Almighty answer'd, not displeas'd,
Of woe and sorrow.' Sternly he pronounc'd L' A nice and subtle happiness, I see,
The rigid interdiction, which resounds

Thou to thyself proposest, in the choice
Yet dreadful in mine ear, though in my choice Of thy associates, Adam ! and wilt taste
Not to incur; but soon his clear aspect - No pleasúre, though in pleasure, solitary:
Retum'd, and gracious purpose thus renew'd. What think'st thou then of me, and this my state?

Not only these fair bounds, but all the Earth Seem I to thee sufficiently possess'd
To thee and to thy race I give; as lords

Of happiness, or not? who am alone
Possess it, and all things that therein live, From all eternity; for none I know
Or live in sea, or air; beast, fish, and fowl. ' Second to me or like, equal much less.
lo sign whereof, each bird and beast behold How have I then with whom to hold convérse,
After their kinds; I bring them to receive Save with the creatures which I made, and those
From thee their names, and pay thee feälty To me inferior, infinite descents
With low subjection ; understand the same Beneath what other creatures are to thee?'
Of fish within their watery residence,

He ceas'd; I lowly answer'd. “To attain Not hither summon’d, since they cannot change The height and depth of thy eternal ways Their element, to draw the thinner air.'. | All human thoughts come short, Supreme of As thus he spake, each bird and beast behold

things!
Approaching two and two; these cowering low Thou in thyself art perfect, and in thee,
With blandishment; each bird stoop'd on his Is no deficience found: not so is Man,
wing.

But in degree; the cause of his desire
I nam'd them, as they pass'd, and understood By conversation with his like to help,
Their nature, with such knowledge God endued Or solace his defects. No need that thou
My sudden apprehension : but in these

Shouldst propagate, already infinite;
I found not what methought I wanted still ; And through all numbers absolute, though one:
And to the heavenly vision thus presum'd. But Man by number is to manifest

"O, by what name, for thou above all these, His single imperfection, and beget Above mankind, or aught than mankind higher, Like of his like, his image multiplied, Surpassest far my naming ; how may I

In unity defective; which requires Adore thee, Author of this universe,

Collateral love, and dearest amity.
And all this good to Man? for whose well being Thou in thy secresy although alone,
So amply, and with hands so liberal,

Best with thyself accompanied, seek'st not
Thou hast provided all things: but with me . Social communication; yet, so pleas'd,
I see. not who partakes. In solitude

Canst raise thy creature to what height thout What happiness, who can enjoy alone,

Of union or communion, deified : . [wilt Or, all enjoying, what contentment find ? | I, by conversing, cannot these erect Thus I presumptuous; and the vision bright, From prone; nor in their ways complacence find." As with a smile more brightened, thus replied. | Thus i embolden'd spake, and freedom us'd

""What call'st thou solitude? Is not the Earth Permissive, and acceptance found; which gain'd With various living creatures, and the air, This answer from the gracious voice divine. Replenish'd, and all these at thy command ""Thus far to try thee, Adam, I was pleas'd; To come and play before thee? Know'st thou not And find thee knowing, not of beasts alone, Their language and their ways? They also Which thou hast rightly nam'd, but of thyself; . know,

Expressing well the spirit within thee free, And reason not contemptibly: with these My image, not imparted to the brute: Fiod pastime, and bear rule; thy realm is large.' Whose fellowship therefore unmeet for thee So spake the Universal Lord, and seem'd Good reason was thou freely shouldst dislike; So ordering: I, with leave of speech implor'd, And be so minded still : I, ere thou spak'st, And humble deprecation, thus replied.

Knew it not good for Man to be alone; "Let not my words offend thee, Heavenly And no such company as then thou saw'st Power,

Intended thee; for trial only brought, My Maker, be propitious while I speak. To see how thou could'st judge of fit and meet :: Hast thou not made me here thy substitute, What next I bring shall please thee, be assur'd, And these inferior far beneath me set ?

Thy likeness, thy fit help, thy other self,
Among unequals what society

Thy wish exactly to thy heart's desire.'
Can sort, what harmony, or true delight? * He ended, or I heard no more; for now
Which must be mutual, in proportion due My earthly by his heavenly overpower'd,
Given and receiv'd; but in disparity

Which it had long stood under, strain'd to the The one intense, the other still remiss

In that celestial colloquy sublime, [height Cannot well suit with either, but soon prove As with an object that excels the sense Tedious alike: of fellowship I speak

Dazzled and spent, sunk down, and sought reSuch as I seek, fit to participate

pair All rational delight: wherein the brute

Of sleep, which instantly fell on me, call'd Cannot be human consort: they rejoice

By Nature as in aid, and clos'd mine eyes. Each with their kind, lion with lioness;

Mine eyes be clos'd, but open left the cell So fitly them in pairs thou hast combin'd: Of fancy, my internal sight; by which, Much less can bird with beast, or fish with fowl Abstract as in a trance, methought I saw, So well converse, nor with the ox the ape; Though sleeping, where I lay, and saw the shape Worse then can man with beast, and least of Still glorious before whom awake I stood: all.

Who stooping open'd my left side, and took TOL. VII,

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From thence a rib, with cordial spirits warm, Commotion strange ! in all enjoyments else And life-blood streaming fresh: wide was the Superior and unmov'd; here only weak wound,

Against the charm of beauty's powerful glance.
But suddenly with flesh fill'd up and heal'd: Or Nature fail'd in me, and left some part
The rib he form'd and fashion'd with his hands; Not proof enough such object to sustain ;
Under his forming hands a creature grew, Or, from my side subducting, took perbaps
Man-like, but different sex; so lovely fair, More than enough; at least on her bestow'd
That what seem'd fair in all the world, seem's Too much of ornament, in outward show
now

Elaborate, of inward less exact.
Mean, or in her summ'd up, in her contain'd For well I understand in the prime end
And in her looks; which from that time infus'd Of Nature her the inferior, in the mind
Sweetness into my heart, unfelt before,

And inward faculties, which most excel;
And into all things from her air inspir'd

In outward also her resembling less The spirit of love and amorous delight.

His image who made both, and less expressing She disappear'd, and left me dark; I wak'd The character of that dominion given To find her, or for ever to deplore

O'er other creatures: yet when I approach Her loss, and other pleasures all abjure : Her loveliness, so absolute she seems When out of hope, behold her, not far off, Aud in herself complete, so well to know Such as I saw her in my dream, adorn'd

Her own, that what she wills to do or say With what all Earth or Heaven could bestow Seems wisest, virtuousest, discreetest, best : To make her amiable: on she came,

All higher knowledge in her presence falls Led by her heavenly Maker, though unseen, Degraded ; Wisdom in discourse with her And guided by his voice; nor uninform'd

Loses discountenanc'd, and like Folly shows; Of nuptial sanctity, and inarriage rites :

Authority and Reason on her wait, Grace was in all her steps, Heaven in her eye, As one intended first, not after made In every gesture dignity and love.

Occasionally; and, to consummate all, 1, overjoy'd, could not forbear aloud.

Greatness of mind, and Nobleness, their seat This turn hath made amends; thou hast | Build in her loveliest, and create an awe fufill'd

About her, as a guard angelic plac'd.” Thy words, Creator bounteous and benign,

To whom the angel with contracted brow, Giver of all things fair! but fairest this

“ Accuse not Nature, she hath done her part; Of all thy gifts! nor enviest, I now see Do thou but thine; and be not diffident Bone of my bone, flesh of my flesh, myself Of Wisdom; she deserts thee not, if thou Before me: woman is her name; of man Dismiss not her, when most thou need'st her nigh, Extracted : for this cause be shall forego

By attributing overmuch to things Father and mother, and to his wife adhere; Less excellent, as thou thyself perceiv'st. And they shall be one flesh, one heart, one soul.' For, what admir'st thou, what transports thee so, “She heard me thus; and though divinely An outside ? fair, no doubt, and worthy well brought,

Thy cherishing, thy honouring, and thy love; Yet innocence, and virgin modesty,

Not thy subjection : weigh with her thyself; Her virtue, and the conscience of her worth, Then value : oft-timeš nothing profits more That would be woo'd, and not unsought be won, Thao self-esteem, grounded on just and right Not obvious, not obtrusive, but, retird,

Well manag'd ; of that skill the more thou The more desirable ; or, to say all,

know'st, Nature herself, though pure of sinful thought, The more she will acknowledge thee her head, Wrought in her so, that, seeing me, she turo'd: And to realities yield all her shows : I follow'd ber; she what was honour knew, Made so adorn for thy delight the more, And with obsequious majesty approv'd

So awful, that with honour thou may'st love My pleaded reason. To the nuptial bower Thy mate, who sees when thou art seen least I led her blushing like the morp : all Heaven,

wise. And happy constellations, on that hour

But if the sense of touch, whereby mankind Shed their selectest influence; the Earth

Is propagated, seem such dear delight Gave sign of gratulation, and each bill;

Beyond all other ; think the same vouchsafd Joyous the birds ; fresh gales and gentle airs To cattle and each beast; which would not be Whisper'd it to the woods, and from their wings To them made common and divulg'd, if aught Flung rose, flung odours from the spicy shrub, Therein enjoy'd were worthy to subdue Disporting, till the amorous bird of night

The soul of man, or passion in him more. Sung spousal, and bid haste the evening-star What higher in her society thou find'st On his bill-top, to light the bridal lamp.

Attractive, human, rational, love still ; Thus have I told thee all my state, and brought In loving thou dost well, in passion not, My story to the sum of earthly bliss,

Wherein true love consists not : Love refines Which I enjoy; and must confess to find

The thoughts, and beart eplarges; hath his seat In all things else delight indeed, but such

In reason, and is judicious; is the scale As, us'd or no, works in the mind no change, By which to Heavenly love thou may'st ascend, Nor vehement desire ; these delicacies (flowers, Not sunk in carnal pleasure ; for which cause, I mean of taste, sight, smell, herbs, fruits, and Among the beasts no mate for thee was found: Walks, and the melody of birds : but here

To whom thus, half abash'd, Adamn replied. Far otherwise, transported I behold,

“ Neither her outside furni'd so fair, nor auzbt Transported touch ; here passion first I felt, In procreation common to all kinds,

(Though higher of the genial bed by far,

Paradise ; enters into the serpent sleeping. And with mysterious reverence I deem,)

Adam and Eve in the morning go forth to their So much delights me, as those graceful acts, labours, which Eve proposes to divide in seThose thousand decencies, that daily flow

veral places, each labouring apart : Adam conFrom all her words and actions mix'd with love sents not, alleging the danger, lest that eneAnd sweet compliance, which declare unfeign'

d m y, of whom they were forewarned, should atUnion of mind, or in us both one soul ;

tempt her found alone : Eve, loth to be thought Harmony to behold in wedded pair

not circumspect or firm enough, urges her More grateful than harmonious sound to the ear. going apart, the rather desirous to make trial Yet these subject not : I to thee disclose

of her strength ; Adam at last yields : the What inward thence I feel, not therefore foild, serpent finds her alone ; his subtle approach, Who meet with various objects, from the sense tirst gazing, then speaking ; with much flatVariously representing : yet, still free,

tery extolling Eve above all other creatures. Approve the best, and follow what I approve. Eve, wondering to hear the serpent speak, To love, thou blam'st me not ; for Love, thou

asks how he attained to human speech, and say'st,

such understanding, not till now; the serpent Leads up to Heaven, is both the way and guide ; answers, that by tasting of a certain tree in Bear with me then, if lawful what I ask :

the garden he attained both to speech and reaLove not the heavenly spirits, and how their love

gon, till then void of both : Eve requires him Express they? by looks only? or do they mix to bring her to that tree, and finds it to be the Irradiance, virtual or immediate touch

tree of knowledge forbidden: the serpent now To whom the angel, with a smile that glow'd grown bolder, with many wiles and arguments, Celestial rosy red, Love's proper hue,

induces her at length to eat; she, pleased Answer'd.“ Let it suffice thee that thou know'st with the taste, deliberates a while whether to Us happy, and without love no happiness.

impart thereof to Adam or not; at last brings Whatever pure thou in the body enjoy'st,

him of the fruit ; relates what persuaded her (And pure thou wert created) we enjoy

to eat thereof: Adam, at first amazed, but lo eminence; and obstacle find none

perceiving her lost, resolves, through vehemence Of membrane, joint, or limb, exclusive bars ; of love, to perish with her: and, extenuating Easier than air with air, if spirits embrace,

the trespass, eats also of the fruit : the effects Total they mix, union of pure with pure

thereof in them both; they seek to cover their Desiring ; nor restrain'd conveyance need,

nakedness; then fall to variance and accusaAs flesh to mix with flesh, or soul with soul.

tion of one another. But I can now no more ; the parting Sun Beyond the Earth's green cape and verdant isles

No more of talk where God or angel guest
Hesperian sets, my signal to depart.

With Man, as with his friend, familiar us'd
Be strong, live happy, and love! but, first of all, To sit indulgent, and with him partake
Him, whom to love is to obey, and keep

Rural repast; permitting him the while
His great command : take heed lest passion sway

Venial discourse unblam'd. I now must change Thy judgment to do aught, wbich else free will Those notes to tragic; foul distrust, and Would not admit: thine, and of all thy sons,

breach
The weal or woe in thee is plac'd ; beware! Disloyal on the part of Man, revolt
I in thy persevering shall rejoice,

And disobedience : on the part of Heaven
And all the blest : stand fast; to stand or fall Now alienated, distance and distaste,
Free in thine own arbitrement it lies.

Anger and just rebuke, and judgment given, Perfect within, no outward aid require ;

That brought into this world a world of woe, And all temptation to transgress repel.”

Sin and her shadow Death, and Misery So saying, he arose ; whom Adam thus Death's harbinger: sad task, yet argument Follow'd with benediction. “ Since to part,

Not less but more heroic than the wrath
Go, heavenly guest, ethereal messenger,

Ofstern Achilles on his foe pursued
Sent from whose sovran goodness I adore ! Thrice fugitive about Troy wall; or rage
Gentle to me and affable hath been

Of Turnus for Lavinia disespous'd;
Thy condescension, and shall be honour'd ever Or Neptune's ire, or Juno's, that so long
With grateful memory: thou to mankind

Perplex'd the Greek, and Cytherea's son ;
Be good and friendly still, and oft return !" If answerable style I can obtain
So parted they ; the angel up to Heaven

Of my celestial patroness, who deigns
Prom the thick shade, and Adam to his bower.

Her nightly visitation unimplor'd,
And dictates to me slumbering ; or inspires
Easy my unpremeditated verse :

Since first this subject for heroic song
PARADISE LOST.

Pleas'd me long choosing, and beginning late;

Not sedulous by nature to indite
BOOK IX.

Wars, hitherto the only argument
Heroic deem'd; chief mastery to dissect.

With long and tedious havoc fabled kuights
THE ARGUMENT.

In battles feign'd; the better fortitude

Of patience and heroic martyrdom
Satan, having compassed the Earth, with medi- | Unsung; or to describe races and games,

tated guile returns, as a mist, by night into Or tilting furniture, imblazon'd shields,

Impresses quaint, caparisons and steeds, With second thoughts, reformning what was
Bases and tinsel trappings, gorgeous knights

old?
At joust and tournament; then marshalld feast For what god, after better, worse would build?
Serv'd up in hall with sewers and seneshals; Terrestrial Heaven, danc'd round by other Hea-
The skill of artifice or office mean,

vens
Not that which justly gives heroic name

That shine, yet bear their bright officious lamps, To person or to poem. Me, of these

Light above light, for thee alone as seems,
Nor skill'd nor studious, higher argument In thee concentring all their precious beams
Remains; sufficient of itself to raise

Of sacred influence! As God in Heaven
That name, unless an age too late, or cold Is centre, yet extends to all ; so thou,
Climate, or years, damp my intended wing Centring, receiv'st from all those orbs : in thee,
Depress'd; and much they may, if all be mine, Not in themselves, all their known virtue ap-
Not hers, who brings it nightly to my ear.

pears
The Sun was sunk, and after him the star Productive in herb, plant, and nobler birth
Of Hesperus, whose office is to bring

Of creatures animate with gradual life
Twilight upon the Earth, short arbiter

Of growth, sense, reason, all sumu'd up in Man. "Twixt day and night, and now from end to end With what delight could I have walk'd thee Night's hemisphere had veil'd, the horizon

round, round:

If I could joy in aught, sweet interchange When Satan, who late fled before the threats Of bill, and valley, rivers, woods, and plains, Of Gabriel out of Eden, now improv'd

Now land, now sea, and shores with forest In meditated fraud and malice, bent

crown'd, On Man's destruction, maugre what might hap Rocks, dens, and caves ! But I in none of these Of heavier on himself, fearless return'd.

Find place or refuge; and the more I see
By night he fled, and at midnight return'd Pleasures about me, so much more I feel
From compassing the Earth ; cautious of day, Torment within me, as from the hateful siege
Since Uriel, regent of the Sun, descried

Of contraries : all good to me becoines
His entrance, and forewarn’d the cherubim Bane, and in Heaven much worse would be my
That kept their watch; thence full of anguish

state.
driven,

But neither here seek I, no nor in Heaven
The space of seven continued nights he rode Todwell, unless by mastering Heaven's Supreme;
With darkness thrice the equinoctial line Nor hope to be myself less iniserable
He circled ; finir times cross'd the car of night By what I seek, but others to make such
From pole to pole travérsing each colure; As I, though thereby worse to me redound:
On the eighth return'd; and on the coast averse For only in destroying I find ease
From entrance or cherubic watch, by stealth To my relentless thoughts; and, him destroyed,
Found unsuspected way. There was a place, Or wou to what may work his utter loss,
Now not, though sin, not time, first wrought the For whom all this was made, all this will soon
change,

Follow, as to him link'd in weal or woe;
Where Tigris at the foot of Paradise, In woe then; that destruction wide may range:
Into a gulf shot under ground, till part To me shall be the glory sole among
Rose up a fountain by the tree of life:

The infernal powers, in one day to have marr'd
In with the river sunk, and with it rose

What he, Almighty styld, six nights and days Satan, involv'd in rising mist; then sought Continued making; and who knows how long Where to lie hid; sea he had search'd, and land, Before had been contriving? though perhaps From Eden over Pontus and the pool

Not longer than since I, in one night, freed Mæotis, up beyond the river Ob;

From servitude inglorious well nigh balf
Downward as far antarctic ; and in length; The angelic name, and thinner left the throng
West from Orontes to the ocean barr'd

Of his adorers : he, to be aveng'd,
At Darien ; thence to the land where fows And to repair his numbers thus impair'd,
Ganges and Indus: thus the orb he roam'd Whether such virtue spent of old now fail'd
With narrow search; and with inspection deep More angels to create, if they at least
Consider'd every creature, which of all

Are his created, or, to spite us more,
Most opportune might serve his wiles; and found Determin'd to advance into our room
The serpent subtlest beast of all the field. À creature form'd of earth, and him endow,
Him after long debate, irresolute

Exalted from so base original,

(creed. Of thoughts revolv'd, his final sentence chose With heavenly spoils, our spoils: what he de Fit vessel, fittest imp of fraud, in whom

He effected; Man he made, and for him built
To enter, and his dark suggestions hide

Magnificent this world, and Earth his seat,
From sharpest sight : for, in the wily snake Him lurd pronounc'd; and, O indignity!
Whatever sleights, none would suspicious mark, Subjected to his service angel-wings,
As from his wit and native subtlety

And flaming ministers to watch and tend
Proceeding ; which, in other beasts observ'd, Their earthy charge : of these the vigilance
Doubt might beget of diabolic power

I dread; and, to elude, thus wrapt in mist Active within, beyond the sense of brute. Of midnight vapour glide obscure, and pry Thus he resolvid, but first from inward grief In every bush and brake, where hap may find His bursting passion into plaints thus pour'd. The serpent sleeping ; in whose mazy folds

“O Earth, how like to Heaven, if not preferr'd To hide me, and the dark intent I bring. More justly, seat worthier of Gods, as built O foul descent ! that I, who erst contended

1

With Gods to sit the highest, am now con- “Sole Eve, associate sole, to me beyond strain'd

Compare above all living creatures dear! Into a beast; and, mix'd with bestial slime, Well hast thou motion'd, well thy thoughts eme This essence to incarnate and imbrute,

ploy'd, That to the height of deity aspird !

How we might best fulfil the work which here But what will not ambition and revenge

God hath assign'd us; nor of me shalt pass Descend to? Who aspires, must down as low Unprais'd: for nothing lovelier can be found As high he soar'd; obnoxious, first or last, In woman, than to study household good, To basest things. Revenge, at first though And good works in her husband to promote. sweet,

Yet not so strictly hath our Lord impos'd Bitter ere long, back on itself recoils : Labour, as to debar us when we need Let it ; I reck not, so it light well aim'd, Refreshment, whether food, or talk between, Since higher I fall short, on him who next Food of the mind, or this sweet intercourse Provokes my envy, this new favourite

Of looks and smiles; for smiles from reason flow, Of Heaven, this man of clay, son of despite, To brute denied, and are of love the food; Whom, us the more to spite, his Maker rais'd, Love, not the lowest end of human life. From dust : spite then with spite is best repaid.” For not to irksome toil, but to delight,

So saying, through each thicket dank or dry, He made us, and delight to reason join'd. Like a black mist low-creeping, he held on These paths and bowers doubt not but our joint His midnight-search, where soonest he might

hands find

Will keep from wilderness with ease, as wide The serpent: him fast sleeping soon he found As we need walk, till younger hands ere long In labyrinth of many a round self-rolPd, Assist us: but, if much converse perhaps His head the midst, well stor'd with subtle wiles: Thee satiate, to short absence I could yield : Not yet in horrid shade or dismal den,

Por solitude sometimes is best society, Nor nocent yet; but, on the grassy herb, And short retirement urges sweet return. Fearless unfear'd he slept : in at his mouth But other doubt possesses me, lest harm The Devil enter'd ; and his brutal sense, Befall thee sever'd from me ; for thou know'st In heart or head, possessing, soon inspir'd What hath been warn'd us, what malicious foe With act intelligential; but his sleep

Envying our happiness, and of his own Disturb'd not, waiting close the approach of morn. Despairing, seeks to work us woe and shame Now, when as sacred light began to dawn By sly assault; and somewhere nigh at hand In Eden on the humid flowers, that breath'd Watehes, no doubt, with greedy hope to find Their morning incense, when all things, that His wish and best advantage, us asunder ; breathe,

Hopeless to circumvent us join'd, where each From the Earth's great altar send up silent praise To other speedy aid might lend at need : To the Creator, and his nostrils fill

Whether his first design be to withdraw With grateful smell

, forth came the human pair, Our feälty from God, or to disturb And join'd their vocal worship to the quire Conjugal love, than which perhaps no bliss Of creatures wanting voice; that done, partake Enjoyd by us excites his envy more ; The season, prime for sweetest scents and airs : Or this, or worse, leave not the faithful side

Then commune, how that day they best may ply That gave thee being, still shades thee, and Their growing work: for much their work out

protects. grew

The wife, where danger or dishonour lurks, The hands despatch of two gardening so wide, Safest and seem liest by her busband stays, And Eve first to her husband thus began. Who guards her, or with her the worst endures."

“Adam, well may we labour still to dress To whom the virgin majesty of Eve, This garden, still to tend plant, herb, and flower, As one who loves, and some unkindness meets, Our pleasant task enjoin'd; but till more bands With sweet austere composure thus replied. Aid us, the work under our labour grows,

“Offspring of Heaven and Earth, and all Luxurious by restraint; what we by day

Earth's Lord! Lop overgrosn, or prune, or prop, or bind, That such an enemy we have, who seeks One night or two with wanton growth derides Our ruin, both by thee inform’d I learn, Tending to wild. Thou therefore now advise, And from the parting angel over-heard, Or bear what to my mind first thoughts present: As in a shady nook I stood behind, Let us divide our labours; thou, where choice Just then return'd at shut of evening fowers. Leads thee, or where most needs, whether to But that thou shouldst my firmness therefore wind

doubt The woodbine round this arbour, or direct To God or thee, because we have a foe The clasping ivy where to climb; while I, May tempt it, I expected not to hear. In yonder spring of roses intermix'd

His violence thou fear'st not, being such With myrtle, find what to redress till noon : As we, not capable of death or pain, For, while so near each other thus all day Can either not receive, or can repel. Our task we choose, what wonder if so pear His fraud is then thy fear; which plain infers Looks intervene and smiles, or object new Thy equal fear, that my firm faith and love Casual discourse draw on; which intermits Can by his fraud be shaken or seduc'd; Our day's work, brought to little, though began Thoughts, which how found they harbour in Early, and the hour of supper comes unearn'd ?”

thy breast, To whom mild answer Adam thus return'd. Adam, mis-thought of her to thee so dear?"

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