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Glistering with dew : fragrant the fertile Earth
ers; Nor grateful Evening mild; nor silent Night, With this her solemn bird; nor walk by Moon, Orglittering star-light, without thee is sweet. But wherefore all night long shine these ? for whom This glorious sight, when sleep hath shut all eyes " To whom our general ancestor replied. “ Daughter of God and Man, accomplish'd Eve, These have their course to finish round the h, By morrow evening, and fromland to land In order, though to nations yet unborn, Ministring light prepard, they set and rise; Lest total Darkness should by night regain her old possession, and extinguish life, In Nature, and all things; which these soft fires Not only enlighten, but with kindly heat Of various influence foment and warm, Temperormourish, or in part shed down Their stellar virtue on all kinds that grow On Earth, made hereby apter to receive Perfection from the Sun's more potent ray. These then, though unbeheld in deep of night, Shine not in vain; nor think, though men were none, [praise : That Heaven would want spectators, God want Millions of spiritual creatures walk the Earth Unseen, both when we wake, and when we sleep : All these o ceaseless praise his works behold Both day and night: how often from the steep Of echoing hill or thicket have we heard Celestial voices to the midnight air, Sole, or responsive each to other's note, Singing their great Creator? oft in bands While they keep watch, or mightly rounding walk, With heavenly touch of instrumental sounds In full harmonic numberjoin'd, their songs Divide the night, and lift our thoughts to Heaven.” Thus talking band in hand alone they pass'd On to their blissful bower: it was a place Chos'n by the sovran Planter, when he fram'd All things to Man's delightful use; the roof Of thickest covert was inwoven shade Laurel and myrtle, and what higher grew Of firm and fragrant leaf; on either side Acanthus, and each odorous bushy shrub, Fenc'd up the verdant wall; each beauteous flower, Iris all hues, roses, and jessamin, Rear'd high their flourish'd heads between, and Mosaic; underfoot the violet, [wrought Crocus, and hyacinth, with rich inlay Broider'd the ground, more colour'd than with stone . Of costliest emblem : other creature here, Bird, beast, insect, or worm, dust enter none,
Such was their awe of Man. In shadier bower More sacred and sequester'd, though but feign'd, Panor Sylvanus never slept, nor nymph Nor Faunus haunted. Here, in close recess, With flowers, garlands, and sweet-smelling herbs, Espoused Eve deck'd first her nuptial bed; And heavenly quires the hymeneansung, What day the genial angel to our sire Brought her, in naked beauty more adorn'd, More lovely, than Pandora, whom the gods Endow’d with all their gifts, and Otoo like In sad event, when to the unwiser son Of Japhet brought by Hermes, she ensnard Mankind with her fair looks, to be aveng'd On him who had stole Jove's authentic fire. Thus, at their shady lodge arriv'd, both stood, Both turn'd, and under open sky ador'd The God that made both sky, air, Farth, and Heaven, which they beheld,the Moon's resplendent globe, And starry pole: “Thou also mad'st the night, Maker Omnipotent, and thou the day, Which we, in our appointed work employ'd, Have finish'd, happy in our mutual help And mutual love, the crown of all our bliss Ordain’d by thee; and this delicious place For us too large, where thy abundance wants Partakers, and uncroptfalls to the ground. But thou hast promis'd from us two a race To fill the Earth, who shall with us extol Thy goodness infinite, both when we wake, And when we seek, as now, thy gift of sleep.” This said unanimous, and otherrites Observing none, but adoration pure Which God likes best, into their inmost bower Handed they went; and, eas'd the putting off These troublesome disguises which we wear, Straight side by side were laid; nor turn'd, I ween, Adam from his fair spouse, nor Eve the rites Mysterious of connubial love refus'd : Whatever hypocrites austerely talk Of purity, and place, and innocence, Defaming as impure what God declares Pure, and commands to some, leaves free to all. Our Maker bids increase; who bids abstain But our destroyer, foe to God and Man? Hail, wedded love, mysterious law, true source Of human offspring, sole propriety In Paradise of all things common else. By thee adulterous Lust was driven from men Among the bestial herds to range; by thee Founded in reason, loyal, just, and pure, Relations dear, and all the charities Offather, son, and brother, first were known. Far be it, that I should write thee sin or blame, Or think thee unbefitting holiest place, Perpetual fountain of domestic sweets, Whose bed is undefil’d and chaste pronounc'd, Present, or past, as saints and patriarchs us’d. Here Love his golden shafts employs, here - lights His constant lamp, and waves his purple wings, Reigns here and revels; not in the bought smile Of harlots, loveless, joyless, unendear'd, Casual fruition; nor in court-amours, Mix'd dance, or wanton mask, or midnight ball, Or serenate, which the starv'd loversings To his proud fair, best quitted with disdain.
These, lull'd by nightingales, embracing slept, And on their naked limbs the flowery roof shower'd roses, which the morn repaird. Sleep Best pair; and Oyet happiest, if ye seek [on, No happier state, and know to knowmo more, Now had Night measur'd with her shadowy
cone Halfway up hill this vast sublunar vault, And from their ivory port the cherubim, Forth issuing at the accustom'd hour, stood arm'd To their nightwatches in warlike parade; When Gabriel to his next in power thus spake. “Uzziel, halfthese draw off, and coast the south With strictest watch; these other wheel the north; Our circuit meetsfull west.” As flame they part, Half wheeling to the shield, half to the spear. From these, two strong and subtle spiritshe call’d That near him stood, and gave them thus in charge. “Ithuriel and Zephon, with wing'd speed Search through this garden, leave unsearch'd no nook; But chiefly where those two fair creatures lodge, Now laid perhaps asleep, secure of harm. This evening from the Sun's decline arriv'd, Who tells of some infernal spiritseen Hitherward bent (who could have thought 2) escap'd The bars of Hell, on errand bad no doubt: Such, where ye find, seize fast, and hither bring.” So saying, on he led his radiant files, Dazzling the Moon; these to the bower direct In search of whom they sought: him there they found Squat like a toad, close at the ear of Eve, Assaying by his devilish art to reach The organs of her fancy, and with them forge Illusions, as he list, phantasms and dreams; Orif, inspiring venom, he mighttaint The animal spirits, that from pure blood arise Like gentle breaths from rivers pure, thence raise At least distemperod, discontented thoughts, Wain hopes, vain aims, inordinate desires, Blown up with high conceitsengendering pride. Him thus intent Ithuriel with his spear Touch'd lightly; for no falsehood can endure Touch of celestial temper, but returns Of force to its own likeness: up he starts Discover'd and surpris’d. As when a spark Lights on aheap of nitrous powder, laid Fit for the tun some magazine to store Against a rumour’d war, the smutty grain, With sudden blaze diffus'd, inflames the air : 80 started up in his own shape the fiend. Backstept those two fair angels, half amaz'd So sudden to behold the grisly king ; Yet thus, unmov’d with fear, accost him soon. “Which of those rebel spirits adjudg’d to Hell Com'stthou, escap'd thy prison? and, transform'd, Why sat'st thou like an enemy in wait, Here watching at the head of these that sleep?” “Know ye not then,” said Satan, fill'd with scorn, “Know ye not me? ye knew me once no mate For you, there sitting where ye durst not soar: Not to know me argues yourselves unknown, The lowest of your throng; or, if ye know, Why ask ye, and superfluous begin
Your message, like to end as much in vain.”
pure; That glory then, when thou no more wast good, Departed from thee; and thou resemblest now Thy sin and place of doom obscure and foul. But come, for thou, be sure, shall give account To him who sent us, whose charge is to keep This place inviolable, and these from harm.” So spake the cherub; and his grave rebuke Severe in youthful beauty, added grace Invincible: abash'd the Devil stood, And felt how awful goodness is, and saw Virtue in her shape how lovely; saw, and pin'd His loss; but chiefly to find here observ’d His lustre visibly impair'd; yet seem'd Undaunted. “If I must contend,” said he, “Best with the best, the sender not the sent, Or all at once; more glory will be won, Or less be lost.” “Thy fear,” said Zephon bold, “Will save us trial what the least can do Single against thee wicked, and thence weak.” The fiend replied not, overcome with rage; But, like a proud steed rein'd, went haughty on, Champing his iron curb: to strive or fly He held it vain; awe from above had quell’d His heart, not else dismay’d. Now drew they nigh - [guards The western point, where those half-rounding Just met, and closing stood in squadron join'd, Awaiting next command. To whom their chief, Gabriël, from the front thus call'd aloud. “O friends ! I hear the tread of nimble feet Hasting this way, and now by glimpse discern Ithuriel and Zephon through the shade; And with them comes a third of regal port, But faded splendour wan; who by his gait And fierce demeanour seems the prince of Hell, Not likely to part hence without contest; Stand firm, for in his look defiance lours.” He scarce had ended, when those two approach'd, [found, And brief related whom they brought, where How busied, in what form and posture couch'd. To whom with stern regard thus Gabriel spake. “Why hast thou, Satan, broke the bounds prescrib'd Tothy transgressions, and disturb’d the charge Of others, who approve not to trangress By thy example, but have power and right To question thy bold entrance on this place; Employ'd, it seems, to violate sleep, and those Whose dwelling God hath planted here in bliss?” To whom thus Satan with contemptuous brow. [wise, “Gabriel ! thou hadst in Heaven the esteem of And such I held thee; but this question ask’d Puts me in doubt. Lives there who loves his pain [Hell, Who would not, finding way, break loose from Though thither doom'd? Thou wouldst thyself, no doubt, And boldly venture to whatever place Farthest from pain, where thou mightst hope to change
Torment with ease, and soonest recompense Dole with delight, which in this place I sought; To thee no reason, who know'st only good, But evil hast not tried: and wilt object His will who bounds us? Let him surer bar His iron gates, if he intends our stay In that dark durance: thus much what was ask'd. The rest is true, they found me where they say; But that implies not violence or harm.” Thus he in scorn. The warlike angel mov’d, Disdainfully half smiling, thus replied. “O loss of one in Heaven to judge of wise Since Satan fell, whom folly overthrew, And now returns him from his prison'scap'd, Gravely in doubt whether to hold them wise Or not, who ask what boldness brought him hither Unlicens'd from his bounds in Hell prescrib'd ; So wise he judges it to fly from pain However, and to 'scape his punishment : Sojudge thou still, presumptuous ! till the wrath, Which thou incurr'st by flying, meet thy flight Sevenfold, and scourge that wisdom back to Hell, Which taught thee yet no better, that no pain Can equal anger infinite provok'd. But wherefore thou alone 2 wherefore with thee Came not all Hellbroke loose is pain to them Less pain, less to be fled; or thou than they Less hardy to endure; courageous chief! The first in flight from pain hadst thou alleg'd To thy deserted host this cause of flight, Thou surely hadstnot come sole fugitive.” To which the fiend thus answer'd, frowning stern. “Not that I less endure or shrink from pain, Insulting angel! well thou know'st I stood Thy fiercest, when in battle to thy aid The blasting vollied thunder made all speed, And seconded thy else not dreaded spear. But still thy words at random, as before, Argue thy inexperience what behoves From hard assays and ill successes past A faithful leader, not to hazard all Through ways of danger by himself untried: 1, therefore, I alone first undertook To wing the desolate abyss, and spy This new created world, whereof in Hell Fame is not silent, here in hope to find Better abode, and my afflicted powers To settle here on Earth, or in mid air; Though for possession put to try once more What thou and thy gay legions dare against; Whose easier business were to serve their Lord High up in Heaven, with songs to hymn his throne, And practis'd distances to cringe, not fight.” To whom the warrior-angel soon replied. “To say and straight unsay, pretending first Wise to fly pain, professing next the spy, Argues no leader but a liar trac'd, Satan, and couldst thou faithful add 2 O name, O sacred name of faithfulness profan'd! Faithful to whom 7 to thy rebellious crew? Army of fiends, fit body to fit head. Was this your discipline and faith engag'd, Your military obedience, to dissolve
Patron of liberty, who more than thou
ers, Us’d to o: , draw'sthis triumphant wheels In progress through the road of Heaven starpav'd.” [bright While thus he spake, the angelic squadron Turn'd fiery red, sharpening in mooned horns Their phalanx, and began to hem him round With ported spears, as thick as when a field Of Ceres ripe for harvest waving bends Herbearded grove of ears, which way the wind Sways them; the careful ploughman doubting - stands, Lest on the threshing floor his hopeful sheaves Prove chaff. On the other side, Satan, alarm’d, Collecting all his might, dilated stood, Like Teneriff or Atlas, unremov’d: His stature reach'd the sky, and on his crest Sat Horrour plum'd; nor wanted in his grasp Whatseem'd both spear and shield: now dreadful deeds Might have ensued, nor only Paradise In this commotion, but the starry cope Of Heaven perhaps, or all the elements At least had gone to wrack, disturb’d and torn With violence of this conflict, had not soon The Eternal, to prevent such horrid fray, Hung forth in Heaven his golden scales, yet seen Betwixt Astrea and the Scorpion sign, Wherein all things created first he weigh’d, The pendulous round Earth with balanc'd air In counterpoise, now ponders all events, Battles and realms: in these he put two weights, The sequel each of parting and of fight: The latter quick up flew, and kick'd the beam; Which Gabriel spying, thus bespake the fiend. “Satan, Iknow thy strength, and thou knowst mine; Neither our own, but given: what folly then To boast what arms can do? since thine no inore Than Heaven permits, nor mine, though doubled now To trample thee as mire: for prooflook up, And read thy lot in yon celestial sign; Where thou art weigh'd, and shown how light, how weak, If thou resist.” The fiend look’d up, and knew His mounted scale aloft; normore; but fled Murmuring, and with him fled the shades of night.
PMRADISE LOST. BOOK V.
Morning approached, Eve relates to Adam her troublesome dream; he likes it not, yet comforts her: they come forth to their day-labours: their morning hymn at the door of their bower. God, to render man inexcusable, sends Raphael to admonish him of his obedience, of his free estate, of his enemy near at hand, who he is, and why his enemy, and whatever else may avail Adam to know. Raphael comes down to Paradise; his appearance described; his coming discerned by Adam afar off sitting at the door of his bower; he goes out to meet him, brings him to his lodge, entertains him with the choicest fruits of Paradise got together by Eve; their discourse attable: Raphael performs his message, minds Adam of his state and of his enemy; relates, at Adam's request, who that enemy is, and how he came to be so, beginning from his first revolt in Heaven, and the occasion thereof; how he drew his legions after him to the parts of the north, and there incited them to rebel with him, persuading all but only Abdiel a seraph, who in argument dissuades and opposes him, then forsakes him.
Now Mom, her rosy steps in the eastern clime
What drops the myrrh, and what the balmy reed .
How Nature paints her colours, how the bee
Knew never till this irksome night: methought
artin He pluck'd, he tasted; me damp horrour chill'd At such bold words vouch'd with a deed so bold: But he thus, overjoy'd; “O fruit divine, Sweet of thyself, but much more sweet thus cropt, Forbidden here, it seems, as only fit For gods, yetable to make gods of men: And why not gods of men; since good, the more * Communicated, more abundant grows, The author not impair'd but honour'd more? Here, happy creature, fair angelic Eve' Partake thou also ; happy though thou art, Happier thou may'st be, worthier canst not be: Taste this, and be henceforth among the gods Thyself a goddess, not to Earth confin'd, But sometimes in the air, as we, sometimes Ascend to Heaven, by merit thine, and see What life the gods live there, and such live thou.” So saying, he drew nigh, and to me held, Even to my mouth of that same fruit held part Which he had pluck'd : the pleasant savoury smell So quicken'd appetite, that I, methought, Could not but taste. Forthwith up to the clouds With him I flew, and underneath beheld The Earth outstretch'd immense, a prospect wide And various: wondering at my flight and To this high exaltation; suddenly [change My guide was gone, and I, methought, sunk down, And fell asleep ; but O, how glad I wak'd To find this but a dream l’” Thus Eve her night Related, and thus Adam answer'd sad. “Best image of myself, and dearer half,
The trouble of thy thoughts this night in sleep
Fairest of stars, last in the train of night,