Obrazy na stronie

Back to the * of Heaven: the sulphurous hail, Shot after us in storm, o'erblown, hath laid The fiery surge, that from the precipice Of Heaven receiv'd us falling; and the thunder, Wing'd with red lightning and impetuous rage, Perhaps hath spent his shafts, and ceases now To bellow through the vast and boundless deep. Let us not slip the occasion, whether scorn, Or satiate fury, yield it from our foe. Seest thouyon dreary plain, forlorn and wild, The seat of desolation, void of light, Save what the glimmering of these livid flames Casts pale and dreadful ? Thither letus tend From off the tossing of these fiery waves; There rest, if any rest can harbour there; And, re-assembling our afflicted powers, Consult how we may henceforth most offend Our enemy; our own loss how repair; How overcome this dire calamity ; What reinforcement we may gain from hope; If not, what resolution from despair.” Thus Satan, talking to his nearest mate, With head up-lift above the wave, and eyes That sparkling blaz'd; his other parts besides Frone on the flood, extended long and large, Lay floating many a rood; in bulk as huge As whom the fables name of monstrous size, Titanian, or Earth-born, that warr'd on Jove ; Briareos or Typhon, whom the den By ancient Tarsus held; or that sea-beast Leviathan, which God of all his works Created hugest that swim the ocean stream : Him haply slumbering on the Norway foam The pilot of some small night-founder'd skiff Deeming some island, oft, as sea-mentell, With fixed anchor in his skaly rind Moors by his side under the lee, while night Invests the sea, and wished morn delays: So stretch'd out huge in length the arch-fiend la Chain’d 3. the burning lake: nor ever thence Had ris'm or heav'd his head; but that the And high permission of all-ruling Heaven [will Left him at large to his own dark designs; That with reiterated crimes he might Heap on himself damnation, while he sought Evil to others; and, enrag'd, might see How all his malice serv'd but to bring forth Infinite goodness, grace and mercy, shown On Man by him seduc’d ; but on himself Treble confusion, wrath and vengeance pour'd. Forthwith upright he rears from off the pool His mighty stature; on each band the flames, Driven backward, slope their pointing spires, and, roll'd In billows, leave i'the midst a herrid vale. Then with expanded wings he steers his flight Aloft, incumbenton the dusky air That felt unusual weight; till on dry land He lights, if it were land that ever burn’d With solid, as the lake with liquid fire; And such appear'd in hue, as when the force Of subterranean wind transports a hill Tørn from Pelorus, or the shatter'd side of thundering AEtna, whose combustible And fuell'd entrails thence conceiving fire, Sublim'd with mineral fury, aid the winds, And leave a singed bottom all involvd -o-wil.

With stench, and smoke: such resting found
the sole
Of unblest feet. Him follow'd his next mate:
Both glorying to have’scap'd the Stygian flood
As gods, and by their own recover'd strength,
Not by the sufferance of supernal Power.
“Is this the region, this the soil, the clime,”
Said then the lost arch-angel, “this the seat
That we must change for Heaven: this mournful
For thatcelestial light? Be it so, since he,
Who now is Sovran, can dispose and bid
What shall be right: farthest from him is best,
Whom reason hath equall'd, force hath made
Above his equals. Farewell happy fields,
Where joy for ever dwells. Hail horrours, hail
Infernal world, and thou, profoundest Hell,
Receive thy new possessor; one who brings
A mind not to be chang'd by place or time:
The mind is its own place, and in itself
Can make a Heaven of Hell, a Hell of Heaven.
What matter where, if I be still the same,
And what I should be, all but less than he
Whom thunder hath made greater? Here at
We shall be free ; the Almighty hath not built
Here for his envy, will not drive us hence:
Here we may reign secure, and, in my choice,
To reign is worth ambition, though in Hell ;
Better to reign in Hell, than serve in Heaven.
But wherefore let we then our faithful friends,
The associates and copartners of our loss,
Lie thus astonish'd on the oblivious pool,
And call them not to share with us their part
In this unhappy mansion; or once more
With rallied arms to try what may be yet
Regain’d in Heaven, or what more lost in Hell?”
So Satan spake, and him Beélzebub
Thus answer'd, “Leader of those armies bright,
Which but the Omnipotentnonecould havefoil’d,
If once they hearthat voice, their liveliest pledge
Of hope in fears and dangers, heard so oft
In worst extremes, and on the perilous edge
Of battle when it rag'd, in all assaults
Their surest signal, they will soon resume
New courage and revive; though now they lie
Groveling and prostrate on yon lake of fire,
As we ere while, astounded and amaz'd ;
No wonder, fall'n such a permicious highth.”
He scarce had ceas'd when the superior
Was moving toward the shore: his ponderous
Ethereal temper, massy, large and round,
Behind him cast; the broad circumference
Hung on his shoulders like the Moon, whose orb
Through optic glass the Tuscan artist views
At evening from the top of Fesolé,
Or in Valdarno, to descry new lands,
Rivers or mountains in her spotty globe.
His spear, to equal which the tallest pine
Hewn on Norwegian hills, to be the mast
Of some great ammiral, were but a wand,
He walk’d with, to support uneasy steps
Over the burning marle, not like those steps
On Heaven's azure, and the torrid clime
Smote on him sore besides, vaulted with fire:

Nathless he so endur'd, till on the beach Z 7

Of that inflamed sea he stood, and call’d His legions, angel forms, who lay intranc'd Thick as autumnal leaves that strow the brooks In Vallombrosa, where the Etrurian shades, High over-arch'd, imbower; or scatter'd sedge Afloat, when with fierce winds Orion arm'd Hath vex'd the Red-Sea coast, whose waves Busiris, and his Memphian chivalry, [o'erthrew While with perfidious hatred they pursued The sojourners of Goshen, who beheld From the safe shore their floating carcasses And broken chariot wheels : so thick bestrown, Abject and lost lay these, covering the flood, Under amazement of their hideous change. He call’d so loud, that all the hollow deep Of Hell resounded. “Princes, potentates, "Warriors, the flower ef Heaven, once yours, now lost, If such astonishment as this can seize Eternal spirits; or have ye chos'n this place After the toil of battle to repose -Your wearied virtue, for the ease you find To slumber here, as in the vales of Heaven 2 Or in this abject posture have yesworn To adore the Conqueror who now beholds Cherub and seraph rolling in the flood With scatter'd arms and ensigns, till anon His swift pursuers from Heaven-gates discern Th’ advantage, and, descending, tread us down * Thus drooping, or with linked thunderbolts Transfix us to the bottom of this gulf, Awake, arise, or be for ever fall'n.” They heard, aud were abas'd, and up they sprung Upon the wing ; as when men wont to watch On duty, sleeping found by whom they dread, Rouse and bestir themselves ere well awake; Nor did they not perceive the evil plight In which they were, or the fierce pains not feel; Yet to their general's voice they soon obey Innumerable. As when the potent rod Of Amram's son, in Egypt's evil day, Wav'd round the coast, up call'd a pitchy cloud Of locusts, warping on the eastern wind, That o'er the realm of impious Pharaoh hung Like night, and darken'd all the land of Nile: So numberless were those bad angels seen Hovering on wing under the cope of Hell, Twixt upper, mether, and surrounding fires, Till, as a signal given, the up-lifted spear Of their great Sultan waving to direct Their course, in even balance down they light On the firm brimstone, and fill all the plain. A multitude, like which the populous North Pour'd never from her frozen loins, to pass Rheme or the Damaw, when her barbarous sons Camelike a deluge on the South, and spread Beneath Gibraltar to the Lybian sands. Forthwith from every squadron and each band The heads and leadersthither haste where stood Their great commander; godlike shapes and Excelling human, princely dignities, [forms And powers that erst in Heaven sat on thrones; Though of their names in heavenly records now Be no memorial; blotted out and ras'd By their rebellion from the books of life. Nor had they yet among the sons of Eve Got them new names, till, wandering o'er the Earth,

Through God's high sufferance for the trial of
By falsities and lies the greatest part
Of mankind they corrupted to forsake
God their Creator, and oth’ invisible
Glory of him that made them to transform
Oft to the image of a brute, adorn’d
With gay religions full of pomp and gold,
And devils to adore for deities :
Then were they knownto men by various names,
And various idols throughthe Heathen world.
Say, Muse, their names then known, who first,
who last,
Rous’d from the slumber, on that fiery couch,
At their great emperor's call, as next in worth
Came singly where he stood on the barestrand,
While the promiscuous cloud stood yet aloof.
The chief were those, who, from the pit of Hell
Roaming to seek their prey on Earth, durst

Their seats long after next the seat of God.
Their altars by his altar, gods ador'd
Among the nations round, and durst abide
Jehovah thund'ring out of Sion, thron’d
Between the cherubim ; yea, often plac'd
Within his sanctuary itself their shrines,
Abominations; and with cursed things
His holy rites and solemn feasts profan'd,
And with their darkness durst affront his li
First Moloch, horrid king, besmear'd with blood
Of human sacrifice, and parents' tears ;
Though for the noise of drums and timbrek
Their children's cries unheard, that pass'd
through fire
To his grim idol. Him the Ammonite
Worshipt in Rabba and her watry plain,
In Argob and in Basan, to the stream
Of utmost Arnon. Nor content with such
Audacious neighbourhood, the wisest heart
Of Solomon he led by fraud to build
His temple right against the temple of God.
On that opprobrious hill; and made his grove
The pleasant valley of Hinnom, Tophet thene
And black Gehenna cali'd, the type of Hell.
Next, Chemos, th’ obscene dread of Moab's
From Aroer to Nebo, and the wild
Of southmost Abarim ; in Hesebon
And Horonaim, Seon's realm, beyond
The flowery dale of Sibma clad with vines,
And Eleålé to th’ Asphaltic pool.
Peor his other name, when he entie’d
Israel in Sittim, on their march from Nile,
To do him wanton rites, which cost them woe
Yet thence his lustful orgies he enlarg’d

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like cumbrous flesh; but, in what shape they choose, Dilated or condens'd, bright or obscure, An execute their aery purposes, And works of love or enmity fulfil. 'or those the race of Israel oft forsook Their living strength, and unfrequented left His righteous altar, bowing lowly down To bestial gods; for which their heads as low Bow’d down in battle, sunk before the spear Jidespicable foes. With these in troop 2ame Astoreth, whom the Phoenicians call’d Astarte, queen of Heaven, with crescenthorns; to whose bright image nightly by the Moon idonian virgins paid their vows and songs; in Sion also not unsung, where stood Her temple on the offensive nountain, built By that uxorious king, whose heart, though Beguild by fair idolatresses, fell [large, To idols foul. Thammuz came next behind, Whose annual wound in Lebanon allur'd she Syrian damsels to lament his fate namorous ditties all a summer's day; While smooth Adonis from his native rock Ranpurple to the sea, suppos'd with blood }s Thammuz yearly wounded: the love-tale mfected Sion's daughters with like heat; Whose wanton passions in the sacred porch ozekiel saw, when, by the vision led, His eye survey'd the dark idolatries of alienated Judah. Next came one Who mourn’d in earnest, when the captive ark Maim'd his brute image, head and hands lopt in his own temple, on the grunsel edge, [off Where he fell flat, and sham'd his worshippers: Dagon his name, sea-monster, upward man And downward fish: yet had his temple high teard in Azotus, dreaded through the coast }s Palestine, in Gath and Ascalon, ind Accaron and Gaza's frontier bounds. Him follow'd Rimmon, whose delightful seat Was fair Damascus, on the fertile banks M Abbana and Pharphar, lucid streams. He also against the house of God was bold: Aleper once he lost, and gain’d a king; Ahaz his sottish conqueror, whom he drew Bod's altar to disparage and displace for one of Syrian mode, whereon to burn His odious offerings, and adore the gods Whom he had vanquish'd. After these appear'd A grew, who, under names of old renown, hiris, Isis, Orus, and their train, With monstrous shapes and sorceries abus'd amatic Egypt and her priests, to seek or wandering gods disguis'd in brutish forms lather than human. Nor did Israel 'scape The infection, when their borrow'd gold compos'd The calf in Oreb; and the rebel king Doubled that sin in Bethel and in Dan, *ning his Maker to the grazed ox; ohovah, who in one night, when he pass'd on Egypt marching, equalid with one stroke *her first-born and all her bleating gods. *ial came last, than whom a spirit more lewd * not from Heaven, or more gross to love *for itself: to him no temple stood *altar smok’d; yet who more of than he * temples and at altars, when the priest soms atheist, as did Eli's sons, who hird "ith lust and violence the house of God? WOL, WI1,

In courts and palaces he also reigns,
And in luxurious cities, where the noise
Of riot ascends above their loftiest towers,
And injury and outrage: and when night
Darkens the streets, then wander forth the sons
Of Belial, flown with insolence and wine.
Witness the streets of Sodom, and that might
In Gibeah, when the hospitable door
Expos'd a matron, to avoid worse rape. -
These were the prime in order and in might:
The rest were long to tell, though far renown'd,
The Ionian gods, of Javan's issue; held
Gods, yet confess'd later than Heaven and Earth,
Their boasted parents: Titan, Heaven's first-
With his enormous brood, and birthright seiz'd.
By younger Saturn ; he from mightier Jove,
His own and Rhea's son, like measure found;
So Jove usurping reign'd: these first in Crete
And Ida known, thence on the snowy top
Of bold Olympus, rul'd the middle air,
Their highest Heaven; or on the Delphian cliff,
Or in Dodoua, and through all the bounds
Of Doric land: or who with Saturn old
Fled over Adria to the Hesperian fields,
And o'er the Celtic roam'd the utmost isles.
All these and more came flocking; but with
Down-cast and damp; yet such wherein appear'd
Obscure some glimpse of joy, to have found
, their chief
Not in despair, to 'ave found themselves not
In loss itself; which on his countenance cast
Like doubtful hue: but he, his wonted pride
Soon recollecting, with high words, that bore
Semblance of worth, not substance, gently rais'd
Their fainting courage, and dispell'd their fears, a
Then straight commands, that at the warlike
Of trumpets loud and clarions be upreard
His mighty standard: that proud honour claim'd
Azazel as his light, a cherub tall;
Who forthwith from the glittering staff unfurpd
The imperial ensign; which, full high advanc'd,
Shone like a meteor streaming to the wind,
With gems and golden lustre rich imblazoá,
Seraphic arms and trophies; all the while
Sonorous metal blowing martial sounds:
At which the universal host up-sent
A shout, that tore Hell's concave, and beyond
Frighted the reign of Chaos and old Night.
All in a moment through the gloom were seen
Ten thousand banners rise into the air
With orient colours waving: with them rose
A forest huge of spears; and thronging helms
Appeard, and serried shields in thickarray
of depth immeasurable: anon they move
In perfect phalanx to the Dorian mood
Of flutes and soft recorders; such as rais'd
To highth of noblest temper heroes old
Arming to battle; and instead of rage
Deliberate valour breath'd, firm and unmov’d
With dread of death to flight or foul retreat:
Nor wanting power to mitigate and swage
With solemn touches troubled thoughts, and
chase - -
Anguish, and doubt, and fear, and sorrow, and
From mortal or immortal minds. Thus they,

Breathing united force, with fixed thought,
Mov'd on in silence to soft pipes, that charm'd
Their painful steps o'er the burnt soil; and now
Advanc'd in view they stand; a horrid front
Of dreadful length and dazzling arms, in guise
Of warriors old with order'd spear and shield;
Awaiting what command their mighty chief
Had to impose: he through the armed files
Darts his experienc'd eye, and soon traverse
The whole battalion views, their order due,
Their visages and stature as of gods;
Their number last he sums. And now his heart
Distends with pride, and hardening in his strength
Glories: for mever, since created man,
Met such imbodied force, as nam'd with these
Could merit more than that small infantry
Warr'd on by cranes: though all the giant
Of Phlegra with the heroic race were join'd
That fought at Thebes and Ilium, on each side
Mix'd with auxiliar gods; and what resounds
In fable or romance of Uther's son
Begirt with British and Armoric knights;
And all who since, baptiz'd or infidel,
Jousted in Aspramont, or Montalban,
Damasco, or Marocco, or Trebisond,
Or whom Biserta sent from Afric shore,
When Charlemain with all his peerage fell
By Fontarabbia. Thus far these beyond
Compare of mortal prowess, yet observ'd
Their dread commander: he, above the rest
lm shape and gesture proudly eminent,
Stood like a tower; his form had yet not lost
All her original brightness; nor appear'd
Less than arch-angel ruin'd, and the excess
Of glory obscur'd : as when the Sun, new risen,
Looks through the horizontal misty air
Shorn of his beams; or from behind the Moon,
In dim eclipse, disastrous twilight sheds
On half the nations, and with fear of change
Perplexes monarchs. Darken'd so, yet shone
Above them all the arch-angel: but his face
Deep scars of thunder had intrench'd; and care
Sat on his faded cheek, but under brows
Of dauntless courage, and considerate pride .
Waiting revenge; cruel his eye, but cast
Signs of remorse and passion, to behold
The fellows of his crime, the followers rather,
(Far other once beheld in bliss) condemn'd
For ever now to have their lot in pain:
Millions of spirits for his fault amerc'd
Of Heaven, and from eternal splendours flung
For his revolt, yet faithful how they stood,
Their glory wither'd: as when Heaven's fire
Hath scath'd the forest oaks, or mountain pines,
With singed top their stately growth, though
Stands on the blasted heath. He now prepar’d
To speak; whereat their doubled ranks they
From wing to wing, and half enclose him round
with all his peers: attention held them mute.
Thrice he assay’d, and thrice, in spite of scorn,
Tears, such as angels weep, burst forth : at last
Words, interwove with sighs, found out their
“O myriads of immortal spirits, O powers
*Matchless, but with the Almighty; and that

Was notinglorious, though the event was dire,
As this place testifies, and this dire change,
Hateful to utter: but what power of mind,
Foreseeing or presaging, from the depth
Of knowledge pastor present, could have seard,
How such united force of gods, how such
As stood like these, could ever know repulse?
For who can yet believe, though after loss,
That all these puissant legions, whose exile
Hath emptied Heaven, shall fail to re-ascend
Self-rais'd, and repossess their native seat?
For me, be witness all the host of Heaven,
If counsels different, or dangers shunn'd
By me, have lost our hopes. But he who reigns
Monarch in Heaven, till then as one secure
Saton his throne, upheld by old repute,
Consent or custom; and his regal state
Put forth at full, but still his strength conceal’d,
Which tempted our attempt, and wrought out
Henceforth his might we know and know out
So as not either to provoke, or dread
New war, provok'd; our better part remains
To workin close design, by fraud or guile,
What force effected not: that he no less
At length from us may find, who overcomes
By force, hath overcome but half his foe.
Space may produce new worlds; whereof.sorse
There went a fame in Heaven that he ereking
Intended to create, and therein plant
A generation, whom his choice regard
Should favour equal to the sons of Heaven:
Thither, if but to pry, shall be perhaps
Our first eruption; thither or elsewhere;
For this infernal pit shall never hold
Celestial spirits in bondage, nor the abyss
Long under darkness cover. But these thoughs
Full counsel must mature: peace is despair’d;
For who can think submission ? War then, war.
Open or understood, must be resolvd."
He spake : and, to confirm his words, out-o"
Millions of flaming swords, drawn from to
Of mighty cherubim; the sudden blaze
Far round illumin'd Hell: highly they ragd
Against the Highest, and fierce with grasped
Clash'd on their sounding shields the dinofo,
Hurling defiance toward the vault of Heaven,
There stood a hill not far, whose grisly top
Belch'd fire and rolling smoke; the restentire
Shone with a glossy scurf; undoubted sign
That in his womb was hid metallic ore,
The work of sulphur. Thither, wing'd wo
A numerous brigade hasten'd : as whenbands
Of pioneers, with spade and pickax arm’d,
Forerun the royal camp, to trench a field,
Or cast a rampart, Mammon led them on:
Mammon, the least erected spirit that fell
From Heaven; for e'en in Heaven his locks
Were always downward ben", admiring more
The riches of Heaven's pavement, trudden
Than aught, divine or holy, else enjoy'd
In vision beatific : by him first
Men also, and by his suggestion taught,
Ransack'd the centre, and with impousiao

lifled the bowels of their mother Earth
or treasures, better hid. Soon had his crew
open'd into the hill a spacious wound,
und digg'd out ribs of gold. Let mone admire
'hat riches grow in Hell; that soil may best
Jeserve the precious bane. And here let those,
Who boast in mortal things, and wondering tell
\f Babel, and the works of Memphian kings,
Earn how their greatest monuments of fame,
And strength and art, are easily out-done
!y spirits reprobate, and in an hour
What in an age they with incessant toil
And hands innumerablescarce perform.
Nigh on the plain, in many cells prepar'd,
That underneath had veins of liquid fire
Sluic'd from the lake, a second multitude
With wonderous art founded the massy ore,
Severing each kind, and scumm'd the bullion
A third as soon had form'd within the ground
A various mould, and from the boiling cells,
By strange conveyance, fill'd each hollow nook;
Asin an organ, from one blast of wind,
To many a row of pipes the sound-board breathes.
Anon, out of the earth a fabric huge
Rose like an exhalation, with the sound
of dulcet symphonies and voices sweet,
Built like a temple, where pilasters round
Were set, and Doric pillars overlaid
with golden architrave; nor did there want
Cornice or frieze, with bossy sculptures graven:
Theroof was fretted gold. Not Babylon,
Norgreat Alcairo, such magnificence
Equall'd in all their glories, to enshrine
Belus or Sérapis their gods, or seat
Their kings, when Egypt with Assyria strove
In wealth and luxury. The ascending pile
Stood fix’d her stately heighth: and straight the
Opening their brazen folds, discover, wide
Within, her ample spaces, o'er the smooth
And level pavement; from the arched roof
Pendent by subtle magic many a row
Of starry lamps and blazing cressets, fed
With Naphtha and Asphaltus, yielded light
As from a sky. The hasty multitude
Admiring enter'd ; and the work some praise,
And some the architect; his hand was known
In Heaven by many a tower'd structure high,
where scepter'd angels held their residence,
And sat as princes; whom the supreme king
Exalted to such power, and gave to rule,
Each in his hierarchy, the orders bright.
Nor was his name unheard, or unador'd,
In ancient Greece; and in Ausonian land
Meneall'd him Mulciber; and how he fell
From Heaven, they fabled, thrown by angry
Sheer o'er the crystal battlements: from morn
To noon he fell, from noon to dewy eve,
A summer's day; and with the setting Sun
Dropt from the zenith like a falling star,
On Lemnos the AEgean isle: thus they relate,
Erring; for he with this rebellious rout
Fell long before; nor aught avail'd him now
To have built in Heaven high towers; nor did
he'scape -
by all his engines, but was headlong sent
With his industrious crew, to build in Hell.

Meanwhile the winged heralds, by command Of sovran power, with awful ceremony [claim And trumpet's sound, throughout the host proA solemn council, forthwith to be held At Pandemonium; the high capital Of Satan and his peers: their summons call’d From every band and squared regiment By place or choice the worthiest; they anon, With hundreds and with thousands, trooping Canne, Attended: all access was throng’d: the gates And porches wide, but chief the spacious hall (Though like a cover'd field, where champions bold Wontride in arm’d, and at the Soldan's chair Defied the best of Panim chivalry To mortal combat, or career with lance) [air Thick swarm’d, both on the ground and in the Brush'd with the hiss of rustling wings. As bees In spring time, when the Sun with Taurus rides, Pourforth their populous youth about the hive In clusters; they among fresh dews and flowers Fly to and fro, or on the smoothed plank, The suburb of their straw-built citadel, New rubb'd with balm, expatiate and confer Their state affairs. Sothick the aery croud Swarm'd and were straiten’d; till, the signal given, Behold a wonder . They but now who seem'd In bigness to surpass Earth's giant sons, Now less than smallest dwarfs, in marrow room Throng numberless, like that pygmean race Beyond the Indian mount; or faery elves, Whose midnight revels, by a forest side Or fountain, some belated peasant sees, Or dreams he sees, while over-head the Moon Sits arbitress, and nearer to the Earth Wheels her pale course; they, on their mirth and dance Intent, with jocund music charm his ear; At once with joy and fear his heart rebounds. Thus incorporeal spirits to smallest formsslarge, Réduc’d their shapes immense, and were at Though without number still, amidst the hall Of that infermal court. But far within, And in their own dimensions, like themselves, The great seraphic lords and cherubim In close recess and secret conclave sat ; A thousand demi-gods on golden seats, Frequent and full. After shortsilence then, And summons read, the great consult began.



The consultation begun, Satan debates whether another battle be to be hazarded for the recovery of Heaven: Some advise it, others dissuade: A third proposal is preferred, mentioned before by Satan, to search the truth of that prophecy or tradition in Heaven concerning ano; therworld, and another kind of creature equal ornot much inferior to theiselves, about this

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