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184 Pequot War.
dwellings being wrapt in fire, the army retired and surrounded the fort; to escape was impossible ; like a herd of deer they fell before the deadly weapons of the English. The earth was soon drenched in their blood and covered with their bodies. In a few minutes five or six hunelred of them lay gasping in their blood, or silent in death. The darkness of the forest, the blaze of the dwellings, the rivulets of blood, the ghastly looks of the dead, the groans of the dying, the shrieks of the women and children, the yells of the friendly savages, presented a scene of sublimity and horror indescribably dreadful.
The same morning, May 20, 1637, their pinnaces arrived with provisions in Pequot harbour, to relieve their necessities. They were in the country of their enemies; the mighty Sassacus and his garrison were near, ready to fall upon them ; they were parched with thirst, and fainting with hunger. But they direfted their march for Pequot harbour, which they considered six miles distant. On the way they were assailed by three hundred savages, furious as bears bereaved $f their whelps. Being repelled with courage they retired; when they found their slaughtered friends at the fort, their grief and madness was indescribable; they stamped the ground; they tore their hair; they roared and howled like wolves of the forest.
Pequot War. 185
The Massachusetts troops, under Capt. Stoughton, did not arrive till the latter part of June. By the assistance of the Narragansets, they surrounded a swamp and took eighty captives, thirty of them were men, all of,whom, excepting two sachems, they killed. Those who had escaped from the Conne&icut forces, retired to the fort of Sassacus; they upbraided him with their misfortunes; they separated; they were scattered over the country. All the other tribes .exulted in their fall, attacked and killed them wherever they found them, or sent them to the English as prisoners, or having killed them, sent their heads and limbs.
Captain Stoughton and his company pursued aparty beyond Conne&icut river, but not findings them, he returned.to Pequot river, where he heard of a hundred; he marched, found and killed twen-ty two meir, took two sachems and a number of women and children, thirty of .whom were -given* to the Narragansets, forty eight were sent to Boston, who were placed indifferent families.
A few days after, Capt. Stoughton being joined^ by Capt. Mason and troops of Gonne&icut, sailed for New Haven with eighty men. They killed six Indians, and took two. At a head of land east of New Haven, now Guilford, they beheaded two* sachems, and. called the place SachemV Head, which name it still, retains. A Pequot prisoner had his life given him on condition of his finding Sassacus; he found him, and brought the intelli-* <L2
186 Peqiiot Wan
gence to the English; but Sassacus suspe&ing the^ mischief, with Mononotto, another famous chief, fled to the Mohawks. In a swamp, three miles west of Fairfield, eighty of their men and two hundred women and children had concealed themselves. Capt. Stoughton, by information from a Pequot spy, whom he had employed, discovered them; Lieutenant Davenport and two or three others endeavouring to enter, were badly wounded. A fire was kept up for several hours, when the Indians desired a parley and offered to yield* They came forth in small numbers, during the afternoon,, in which time two hundred women and children had resigned themselves, with the sachem; of the place; but night coming on, the men would not come out, and declared they would fight, accordingly a constant firing was kept up all night. Toward morning, it being very dark, the Pequots crept silently out of the swamp and fled. So terminated the Pequot war, and Pequot nation. Sassacus, with twenty or> thirty attendants, had; fled to the Mohawks, who treacherously violating all the laws of hospitality, slew them, being hired, as it was supposed, by the N#rragansets* A part of the skin and hair of Sassacus they sent to Massachusetts. So vanish the tribes of, men in sad succession. In the course of a few months one of the most formidable nations, then in New England, was swept away; eight or nine hundred of tfeem.had been killed ; many were fugitives in the
Piety of Wcquash, 187
forests, and a remnant, to save themselves from cruel deaths by their own countrymen, submitted to the English. Captain Stoughton, on his way home, landed once more at Block Island, had an interview with the natives, who submitted themselves tributaries to the English.
Ill August, the troops returned to Boston, having lost but two of their number, both of whom died with sickness. A thanksgiving was observed through the colonies on account of their com* plete vi6k>ry over, their enemies.
The day previous to the dreadful storming of the fort at Mistick, had been kept as, a day of fast. ing and prayer. This, or some other circumstances attending that bloody scene, wonderfully impressed the mind of Wequasb, the guide of the English, with the power of the Englishman's God^ He went about the colony of Conne£licut witl^ .bitter lamentations, that he did not know Jesus, Christ, the Englishman's God. The good peo«. pie faithfully instructed him concerning the relig.. ion of the gospel; after which he made a most serious profession; he forsook his savage vices; went up and down the country preaching Christ to his benighted countrymen; he bore a thoufand abuses from them, and finally submitted to death jpr his religion.
C HAP. XV.
Earthquake, Uncas visits Gov. Winthrop, Hampton settled, Harvard College founded, Indian, plot at Kennebec, settlement of Rowley,.character of Rev. Ezekicl Rogers.,
X HE year 1638, was remarkable for a great earthquake, throughout New England. This* earthquake, as did that also of 1627, which was equally violent and extensive, constituted a remarkable era, that was long remembered ani referred to by the pious inhabitants of these infant, colonies^
This year, Uncas, from Mohegan, made governor Wmthrop a visit at Boston; in his polite address, after delivering his present, laying his hand on his heart, he said, "This heart is not mine, but yours; Phave no men, they are all yours; command me any difficult service, and I will perform it; I will not believe any Indian's words^ against the English; if any man kill an English-. man, I will put him to death, if-he be ever so dear tome.55 The governor gave him "a fair, red; coat, provision for his journey■, and a letter of prote£fron, when he departed highly gratified".^1
In 1638, Hampton, in New Hampshire, was settled; its Indian name was Winnecumet; a* church was gathered, and a minister chosen the same year, Mr. Batcheior was their first minis-.