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Pequot War. 179

wrote to Massachusetts, th&t they had occasioned a war by prowking the Pequots, casting a reflection on the late expedition. It was replied, that they could not safely pursue them without a guide, that they went not to make war, but to obtain jus* tice, that they had killed 13 men, and burned 6© wigwams, which was sufficient satisfaction for four or five, whom they had murdered. About the mid* die of October, a bark coming down Connecticut river, one Tilly, the master, went on shore to kilt fowls, and was taken prisoner. They cut off his hands and feet, after which he lived three days. At the same time, they killed another man in a canoe.

The next spring, the colony of Connecticut declared their dislike of the Pequot expedition, expressing their hope, that Massachusetts would continue the war, and offered assistance. Capt. Underhill, with 20 men, was sent to Saybrook to defend it against the Dutch and Indians. In May, the Indians at Weathersfield killed six men, a three women, and took two maids prisoners, am killed twenty cows.*

The Indians becoming more daring, and the danger increasing, it was universally resolved to make a vigorous effort to repel the evil. Their success in flying from the English at Groton, had * greatly encouraged them. They boasted of this at Saybrook fort, that they had deluded the English, that their god, " was all one flye," that " die Englishman was aU one squaw."

180 Address to the Soldiers.

Massachusetts raised one hundred and sixty ipeii,* beside fortyf previously sent to Narraganset; Mr. Stoughton was the commander, and <. Mr. Wilson, of Boston, their chaplain, " to sound . the silver trumpet of the gospel before them." These two were designated by lot, "with public invocation of God." Conne£ticut raised ninety men, under the command of Capt. Mason. Capt. Underhill joined the expedition with nineteen of the garrison. Uncas, the sachem of Mohegan, lent h& assistance. Before they marched for the enemies' country, one of the ministers of Hartford made them an address to the following purpose.


You are this day assembled by the inevitable providence of God. You are not colle&ed by wild fancy, nor ferocious passions. It is not a tumultuous assembly whose afitions are abortive, or if successful produce only theft, rapine, rape, and murder, crimes inconsistent with nature's light, inconsistent with a soldier's valour. You, my dear hearts, were selected from your neighbours, by the godly fathers of the Jand, for your known courage to execute such a work. Your cause is the cause of heaven; the enemy have blasphemed your God, and slain his servants; you are only the ministers of his justice. I do not pre- ■ o% tend that your enemies are careless, or indifferent. No, their hatred is inflamed; their lips thirft for

* Mather, f Wznthrop,

Address to the Soldiers. 181

blood; they would devour you and all the people of God. But, my brave soldiers, their guilt has reached the clouds; they are ripe for destruftion; their cruelties are notorious, and cruelty and cowardice are always united. There is, therefore, nothing to prevent your certain and complete victory, but their nimble feet, their impenetrable swamps and woods. From these your fmall numbers will entice them, or your courage drive them.

I now put the question, who would not fight in fuch a cause, fight with undaunted boldnefs? Do you wish for more encouragement? More I give you. Riches waken the soldier's sword, and though you will not obtain silver and gold Oh the field of victory, you will secure what is infinitely more precious. You will secure the liberties, the privileges, the lives of Christ's church in this new world. You will procure safety for your affeftionate wives, fafety for " your harmless, prattling, smiling babes." You will secure all the blessings of goodness and mercy, enjoyed by the people of God, in the ordinances of the gospel. Distinguished was the honour conferred on David in his destroying the enemies of the Lord; this honour, O ye courageous soldiers of God, is now prepared for you. You will now execute his vengeance on the heathen; you will bind their kings in chains, and their nobles in fetters of iron.

But perhaps fome one may fear that a fatal ar* row will deprive him of this high honour. Let 182 Attack on the Pequots.

every faithful foklier of Jesus Christ be assured, that if any servant be taken away, it is merely because the honours of this world are too narrow for his reward; an everlasting crown is set upon his head, because the rewards of this life are insufficient. March then, with christian courage, in the strength of the Lord.; march with faith in his divine promises, and soon your fwords shall find your enemies, soon they shall fall like leaves of the forest under your feet.

On their way to the Pequot country, from Saybrook, they sent out a party of Indians, who met seven Pequots, of whom they killed five, and took one; him they tortured, and set all their heads on the fort; so contagious are malignant passions. This was done, because they had tortured some of our men taken captive.

The army sailed from Connecticut river, passed Pequot, or the Thames, and entered the Narraganset or Mistick. They were joined by five hundred Narraganset Indians; but as the army marched to the intended scene of a£tion, these daring sons of war fell in the rear or fled. So terrible was the name of Sassacus, who was in one of the two forts where the Pequots had assembled, and which the English designed immediately to assault: "Sassacus," they said, "was all one a God, nobody could kill him." The army silently moved by the light of the moon toward the nearest fort. Wequash, their guide and spy. Dreadful Carnage. 183

brought them word, that the Pequots in the fort were all asleep. Seeing the English vessels pass them in the course of the day; supposing they had returned home in terror, they had sung and danced with joy till midnight, and were now buried in deep sleep. Captain Mason approached the east side, and Underhill the west side of the fort; a dog barked ; the centinel awoke; he'cried, Wannux, Wannux, i. e. English, English; the troops soon entered the fort, which consisted of trees set in the ground, two winding passages being left open; a dreadful carnage followed. Instantly the guns of the English were directed to the floors of the wigwams, which were covered with their sleeping inhabitants.. Terrible was the consterna^ tion, to be roused from their dreams by the blaze and, thunder of the English musketry; if they came forth the English swords waited to pierce them; if they reached the pallisadoes, and attempted to climb over, the fatal "balls brought them down ; their combustible dwellings, crowded together, were soon in flames; many of them roasted and burned to death, rather than venture out; others fled back to their burning houfes and were consumed to escape the English swords.* The English endeavoured to save the women and children alive, which the men observing, in anguish and dying terror, cried, I squaw, I squaw, in hopes of finding mercy; but their hour was come. Their

* Trumbull,

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