Metaphor: A Practical Introduction
Oxford University Press, 24 sty 2002 - 304
This clear and lucid primer fills an important need by providing a comprehensive account of the many new developments in the study of metaphor over the last twenty years and their impact on our understanding of language, culture, and the mind. Beginning with Lakoff and Johnson's seminal work in Metaphors We Live By, Kövecses outlines the development of "the cognitive linguistic theory of metaphor" by explaining key ideas on metaphor. He also explores primary metaphor, metaphor systems, the "invariance principle," mental-imagery experiments, the many-space blending theory, and the role of image schemas in metaphorical thought. He examines the applicability of these ideas to numerous related fields.
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1 What Is Metaphor?
2 Common Source and Target Domains
3 Kinds of Metaphor
4 Metaphor in Literature
5 Nonlinguistic Realizations of Conceptual Metaphors
6 The Basis of Metaphor
7 The Partial Nature of Metaphorical Mappings
8 Metaphorical Entailments
13 Cultural Variation in Metaphor and Metonymy
14 Metaphor Metonymy and Idioms
15 Metaphor and Metonymy in the Study of Language
16 Metaphors and Blends
17 How Does All This Hang Together?
Solutions to Exercises
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abstract action activity addition American anger animal apply argument aspects basic basis become blended body building called cause chapter characterized cognitive linguistic common complex systems conceptual domain conceptual metaphors Consider constitute container conventional correlations correspondences cultural death discussed effect elements emotion English entailments entities example exist experience expressions fire fluid focus force function give given hand happiness heat human ideas idioms important intensity involves issue journey kind knowledge Lakoff language less linguistic expressions look mappings meaning meta metonymy mind motion motivation natural object one’s particular person phor physical plants political pressure produces question relationship result seen sense sentence similarity social source domain space speakers specific stands structure suggest talk target domains theory things typically understanding whole