Obrazy na stronie

pronunciation of the English language, No. 40, Bedford Place, Russel square, Bloomsbury, on Monday evening the 7th of December, 1807, and the Monday evenings following, at eight o'clock, Mr. Thelwall will deliver a miscellaneous course of lectures, on the genius, composition, and utterance of the English language, and its capabilities for poetical harmony and oratorical expression ; including strictures on the stage, the bar, the pulpit, and the senate, and on the elocution of the most distinguished characters of the age ; an exposition of the causes of impediments, defects and ungraceful modes of speech; and illustrations of the studies, habits, exercises and endowments most essential to the graceful reader, the finished actor, and the accomplished orator. The lectures will be further illustrated by readings and recitations from the most classical and celebrated authors, particularly Milton, Shakspeare, and Dryden ; Sterne, Johnson, Goldsmith, Thomson, &c. and with critical dis

sertations and orations on popular and interesting topics. Transferrable ticket, for the season, 21. 2s. Single admission 5s. Nine

tickets, 11. 1s. Selections of the articles to be read and recited, on

the respective evenings, may be had at the door. The lecture room is fitted up with every accommodation for a select

and fashionable audience; and is adorned with the following ap

propriate and emblematical decorations : In the recess of the platform are figures of the Muses, &c. in imitation

of bronze relief, surrounded with festoons and classical devices ; and in the front are two Egyptian tripods, surmounted with groups of graces supporting branches of lights. On the pedestals of the tripods, and the basement of the platform, are emblematical devices of Eloquence crowning Virtue with the wreath of Fame, Venus sending Cupid to be instructed by the Sciences, and Oratory deciding the fate of empires, executed by Mr. Phelps. Over the chimney piece and in the adjoining compartments, are the portrait of lord Erskine, busts of Lord Chatham, E. Burke, Lord Mansfield, Mr. Pitt, and Mr. Fox; the two last by Gahagan; and a small whole length of Mr. Fox, by the same. Facing the platform are the busts of Seneca, Plato, Cicero, Demosthenes, Isocrates and Xenophon ; facing the chimney-piece, those of Pythagoras, Dionysius of Halicarnassus, and Aristotle; over the door Homer, Virgil, and Milton; and over the platform, Garrick, Mrs. Siddons, and master Betty (the last by Gahagan.) Some of the busts, &c. will be occasionally changed, as the subjects of the respective lectures may require.

TERMS OF PRIVATE INSTRUCTION To boarders, day classes, and private pupils, in the various branches

of reading, recitation, conversational propriety, and public speak

ing; the elements of criticism and literary composition; and the

requisite accomplishments for the senate, pulpit, bar, stage, &c. 1. Private lessons to ladies or gentlemen, at the house of the profes

sor, and in cases where there is no impediment: first course of six lessons, S guineas. Each succeeding course of six lessons, 2 guineas; or 24 lessons 6 guineas. Single lesson, 1 guinca. Each succeeding lesson, not taken in regular series, half a guinea. Book of

selectious and exercises, half a guinea. 2-Private lessons to ladies or gentlemen, having no impediment, at

their own respective residences: First lesson, 2 guineas. Each succeeding course of three lessons, 2 guineas; or 24 lessons 12 gui

neas, single lessons, not taken in regular series, 2 guineas. 3.--Private lessons to foreigners, in the idiom and pronunciation of the

English language, at the huuse of the professor; First course of six lessons, 5 guineas. Each succeeding course of six lessons, 3 guineas; or 24 lessons in guineas. Single lessons, not taken in regular

series, 1 guinea. 4.- Private lessons to foreigners at their own respective residences;

First lesson, 2 guineas. Each succeeding course of four lessons, 3 guineas; or 24 lessons 15 guineas. Single lessons not taken in re

gular series, 2 guineas. 5.-Cases of impediment, whether arising from deficiencies and mal

conformation of the organs, constitutional debility, or habitual imitation, &c. at the house of the professor. Consultation fee, when advice only, and no lessons are required, 5 guineas. First course of ten lessons, 10 guineas. Each succeeding course of six lessons, 4 guineas ; or 24 lessons 13 guineas. Single lessons, not taken in

regular series, 1 guinea. 6.-Private lessons to ladies or gentlemen with impediments, at their

own residences; First course of six lessons, 10 guineas. Each succeeding course of six lessons, 5 guineas. Consultation fee,

where no lessons are taken, 5 guineas. Classes. Where two or more pupils reside in the same house, or can

make it convenient to attend in classes, a correspondent abatement will be made in the terms, proportioned to the number so attending; as, also, in cases where the pupil chooses to engage by the

quarter, or for any longer term. The fees for every course of instruction, to be paid on receiving the

first lesson. House Pupils. -Students of oratory, persons with impediments, &c.

may be accommodated with board and instruction, on the following

terms: 7.-Pupils contracting by the year, 200 guineas; the first quarter to

be paid at the time of entrance, and all further instalments, &c. quarterly. Foreigners, professional students, and others, having

no impediment, at the same rate for any shorter period. 8.-Pupils with impediments, contracting by the quarter, 70 guineas,

25 of which to be paid at the time of entrance. Ditto, by the month, or for any shorter period, 25 guineas, to be paid

at the time of entrance.

Note. That in all cases, those of impediment, especially, the plan even of temporary domestication will be found highly advantageous; as much is frequently to be done in the hours of social relaxation, and during the cheerful intercourse of the table, that cannot be fully accomplished by the means of stated lessons and more formal instruction : so that those, eken, who are precluded by other necessary engagements from attending to the morning lessons and regular exercises of the institution, may, at such seasons, with the assistance of a few occasional lessons and explanations, do much towards the removal of every difficulty of utterance, or the cultivation of the habits of oratorial facility and impressiveness.

For the further accommodation of pupils with impediments, from remote parts of the country, and whose engagements may not permit any protracted residence at the institution, books of exercises are prepared, price 10 guineas each, with manuscript notations, directions, and illustrations, by which the pupil, after a short personal attention to the plans of the professor, may be enabled to prosecute, in some degree, a course of self tuition.

House pupils have also the use of a select library; and the following tutors in the respective departments of erudition and accomplishment attend at the institution :- Classics and mathematics, Rev. W. Draper. Fencing and dancing, Mr. Goddard. Music, Mr. Arnal. Sculpture and modelling, Mr. Gahagan. Drawing, Mr. Phelps, &c.

N. B. Gentlemen accommodated, during the vacations of the universities, and of the other public and private seminaries; and exercised in oratory and composition, and all the accomplishments that qualify the candidate for distinction in the higher departments of active life.

Lyceum of oratory.—The lecture room will be open once a week, during the winter season, to pupils only, for their improvement in spontaneous speaking, by the discussion of questions of history, morals, philosophy, criticism, polite literature, &c. At these discussions M. Thelwall will preside; and all gentlemen who at any time have been pupils at the institution will be at liberty to attend, and to join in the debates.

Junior pupils, with impediments, &c. from four to twelve years of age, are superintended by Mrs. Thelwall, and initiated in the rudiments of the English, French, Latin, and Italian languages, arithmetic, geography, astronomy, &c. on the following terms:

9.-Morning pupils attending in classes, from the hour of ten till two,

or single pupils, taking private lessons of three quarters of an hour each ; First course of five lessons, 5 guineas; each succeeding

course of five lessons, 2 guineas; ditto by the quarter, 20 guineas. 10.—House pupils, engaging by the year, 120 guineas, including board

and every species of instruction, except music, dancing, drawing,

&c. The first quarter to be paid in advance. Ditto, engaging by the quarter :-First quarter 40 guineas, one half to be paid in advance. Each succeeding quarter 30 guineas.

A sketch of Mr. Thelwall's system will be found in his “ Introductotory Discourse and Outlines of a Course of Lectures on the Science and Practice of Elocution,” from which it will appear, that his mode of instruction is founded on philosophical principles and a diligeni investigation of the laws of organic action. in practical application, it is not only adapted to those defects of utterance usually considered under the denomination of impediments ; but also to feebleness, dissonance, and every offensive peculiarity of tone and enunciation, and even to those cases in which there are actual deficiencies in the natural organs of utterance; and by a felicity that frequently belongs to systems and discoveries of real science, the very principles that conduce to the most obvious purposes of utility are no less applicable to the highest refinements of grace and elegance ; so that this system of instruction, which gives speech to the mute, and fluency to the convulsive stammerer, may be applied to the improvement of all the harmonies of language and utterance; to the rythmus of poetry and elegant composition, the facility of conversational eloquence, and the energies of public oratory.

Nor is the process adopted either tedious or precarious. The time necessary to the attainment of the object must, of course, depend, in a considerable degree, upon the extent of accomplishment desired, the nature and degree of the impediment to be encountered, and the susceptibility , diligence, and dispositions of the pupil : but, in several instances, even where the impediments appeared to be of a very formidable description, a few weeks have been sufficient to secure the essential objects of tuition ; and no individual pupil has ever persevered through a single quarter, without making such considerable progress as fully to justify the assertion, that, under the system of regulations and management adopted at this institution, whenever the student has capacity, leisure, and inclination to give the same attention to the subject which other sciences and much more frivolous accomplishments require, a correct and impressive elocution is attainable by all. The difficulty, indeed, will generally be increased in proportion as the pupil has already advanced towards the maturity of life, though Mr. T. has even

been successful with persons who were between thirty and forty years of age. Parents, however, will do wisely to seek for proper remedies on the first appearance of defect or hesitation ; since the customary modes of initiating children in the first elements of reading, have a lamentable tendency to aggravate, or even to produce impediment; and when that calamity is once introduced into a family, it is apt to infect the whole, at least of the junior children. The system of initiation adopted by Mrs. Thelwall will, to a certainty, preclude the possibility of any such misfortune.

It may be proper explicitly to add what the preceding detail will, in some degree, have suggested, that, although the removal of impediments and the cultivation of elocution be professedly the principal objects of attention, no branch of education, either useful or ornamental, is disregarded in this institution. So that young pupils committed to the care of Mrs. Thelwall, and those of more advanced years, placed under the superintendance of Mr. T. may confidently expect, besides the proper treatment of their elocutionary defects, all the other advantages that are respectively to be secured at a preparatory or at a finishing school : nor, after the first few weeks, will the treatment of their respective impediments be any obstruction to the attainments consistent with their respective years and particular objects of pursuit.


It is a very common practice, of late, to attribute the deflagration of manufactories to the insidious hand of the incendiary. That manufactories have been set on fire, by evil disposed persons, there can be no doubt; but I am far from believing that it is carried to that extent, which is so generally supposed. Many ve getable substances, when dried and heaped together, will heat, scorch, and finally burst into flame; therefore, in order to guard those who are concerned in various manufactories, I beg leave to attract their attention to the following facts.

In consequence of several accidental conflagrations in store. houses and other places, where expressed oils of the farinaceous Seeds (such as rape or linseed) and dry vegetable substances,

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