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The attention of the reader is further called to two marked features of the Cyclopædia :

1. The italic letters a, b, c, d, etc. These refer to corresponding letters in the page, and enable any person to locate the proper passage with the least possible delay.

2. The asterisk * indicates that the quotation is from Shakespeare, and this will also save time and trouble. The selections from that master of English thought and language are much more numerous than in any other volume of this character.

It will be observed that no one standard of English orthography or composition has been followed. Each author's peculiarities have been respected, as this seemed to be the only safe way to avoid almost insuperable difficulties. In Shakespeare, Knight's text has been adopted, with some slight and seemingly justifiable variations, and in nearly all cases the latest edition of each of the several authors has been taken. The name " Shakespeare ” has been given as it has been written for nearly three hundred years. When antiquarians and critics unite upon another orthography, we will use it in a future edition.

A few quotations have been purposely retained under more than one head, where they seemed especially adapted to do double duty, and might be of actual service. In the many thousands of others these would hardly be noticed, even by the persevering critic, without this reference. For other things that may be discovered as actual faults--for sins of commission or omission-the editors beg kindly indulgence. With care and assiduity they have aimed at perfection--but to attain it, in the first edition of a work of this size, is next to an impossibility.

Thanks to those friends whose valuable aid has been a constant joy and sustaining power, through these long years of anxious labor. Their names would be gratefully mentioned, but for the reason that they are so numerous. The value to be set upon the work itself will determine our own and their honor.

NEW YORK, December, 1881.





ABILITY, The self-same thing they will abhor

Men who undertake considerable things, One way, and long another for.

even in a regular way, ought to give us ground a. BUTLER— Hudibras. Pt. I. Canto i. | to presume ability.

Line 220. h. BURKE- Reflections on the Revolution Justly thou abhorr'st

in France. That son, who on the quiet state of men Such trouble brought, affecting to subdue

As we advance in life, we learn the limits

of our abilities. Rational liberty ; yet know withal,

i. FROUDE-Short Studies on Great Since thy original lapse, true liberty Is lost.

Subjects. Education. MILTON -Paradise Lost. Bk. XII.

Line 79.

Every person is responsible for all the good

within the scope of his abilities, and for no He will come to her in yellow stockings, more, and none can tell whose sphere is the and 'tis a colour she abhors ; and cross gar

largest. tered, a fashion she detests.

j. GAIL HAMILTON- Country Living and c. Twelfth Night. Act II. Sc. 5.

Country Thinking. Men and Women. Shall they hoist me up,

Conjugal affection And show me to the shouting varletry

Prevailing over fear and timorous doubt,
Of censuring Rome? Rather a ditch in

Hath led me on, desirous to behold

Once more thy face, and know of thy estate, Be gentle grave unto me, rather on Nilus' If aught in my ability may serve

To lighten what thou suffer'st, and appease Lay me stark naked, and let the water-flies

Thy mind with what amends is in my powerBlow me into abhorring!

Though late, yet in some part to recomd. Antony and Cleopatra. Act V. Sc. 2

pense Therefore I say again,

My rash but more unfortunate misdeed. I utterly abhor, yea from my soul,

k. MILTON --Samson Agonistes. Line 739. Refuse you for my judge ; whom yet once more,

Whose skill was almost as great as his I hold my most malicious foe, and think not honesty ; had it stretched so far, would have At all a friend to truth.

made nature immortal, and death should e Henry VIII. Act II. Sc. 4.

have play for lack of work.

I. All's Well That Ends Well. Act I. Whilst I was big in clamour, came there in a

So. 1. man, Who having seen me in my worst estate,

Who does the best his circumstance allows, Shunn'd my abhorr'd society.

Does well, acts nobly ; angels could no more. f. King Lear. Act V. Sc. 3.

m. YOUNG-Night Thoughts. Night II. For, if the worlds

Line 91. In worlds enclosed should on his senses burst,

ABSENCE. He would abhorrent turn. 9. THOMPSONThe Seasons. Summer. Absence makes the heart grow fonder.

Line 313. n. THOMAS HAYNES BAYLY—Isle of Beauty.

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I spread my books, my pencil try,

Moving accidents by flood and field. The lingering noon to cheer,

· m. Othello. Act 1. Sc. 3. But miss thy kind approving eye, Thy meek, attentive ear.

Tle accident of an accident.

1. LORD THURLOW--Speech in reply to But when of morn or eve the star

Lord Grafton. Beholds me on my knee, I feel, though thou art distant far,

ACTION. Thy prayers ascend for me. a.. Bishop HEBER --Journal.

Let's meet and either do or die.

0. BEAUMONT and FLETCHER--The In the hope to meet

Island Princess. Act II. Sc. 2. Shortly again, and make our absence sweet. b. BEN JONson-- Underwoods.

Laws and institutions are constantly tendMiscellaneous Poems, LVIII. ing to gravitate. Like clocks, they must be

occasionally cleaned, and wound up, and set Ever absent, ever near ;

to true time. Still I see thee, still I hear ;

p. HENRY WARD BEECHER—Life Thoughts. Yet I cannot reach thee, dear ! c. FRANCIS KAZINCZI- Separation.

Think that day lost whose (low) descending

Sun What shall I do with all the days and hours

Views from thy hand no noble action done. That must be counted ere I see thr face?

q BOBART. How shall I charm the interval that lowers Between this time and that sweet time of

Fundamentally, there is no such thing as grace?

private action. All actions are public in d. FRANCES ANNE KEMBLE-Absence.

themselves or their consequences.
r. BOVEE-Summaries of Thought.

Since yesterday I have been in Alcalá.
Ere long the time will come, sweet Preciosa, Let us do or die.
When that dull distance shall no more divide

S. Thos. CAMPBELL- Gertrude of us ; And I no more shall scale thy wall by night

Wyoming. Pt. IIÍ. St. 37. To steal a kiss from thee, as I do now.

BURNS- Bruce's Address to his Army e. LONGFELLOW The Spanish Student.

at Bannockburn. St. 6 Act I. Sc. 3. |

Our grand business is, not to see what lies Conspicuous by his absence.

dimly at a distance, but to do what lies clearf. LORD JOHN RUSSELL, Quoted from ly at hand.

Tacitus. Annals, III., 76. it. CARLYLE- Essays. Signs of the Times. All days are nights to see till I see thee,

Every noble activity makes room for itself. And nights bright days when dreams do show | A great mind is a good sailor, as a great thee me.

heart is. 9. SHAKESPEARE --Sonnet XLIII.

u. EMERSON— Voyage to England.

How like a winter hath my absence been Our acts, our angels are, or good or ill,

From thee, the pleasure of the fleeting year! | Our fatal shadows that walk by us still, What freezings have I felt, what dark days v. JOHN FLETCHER-- Upon an Honest seen!

Man's Fortune. Line 37. What old December's bareness everywhere. h. SHAKESPEARE-Sonnet XCVII.

The doing right alone teaches the value or

the meaning of right; the doing it willingly, I dote on his very absence, and I wish if the will is happily constituted ; the doing them a fair departure.

it unwillingly, or under compulsion, if peri. Merchant of Venice. Act I. Sc. 2. suasion fails to convince.

20. FROUDE - Short Studies on Great

Subjects. On Progress. Pt. III. ACCIDENTS. Chapter of accidents.

A fiery chariot, borne on buoyant pinions, j. EARL OF CHESTERFIELD--Letter,

Sweeps near me now! I soon shall ready be February 16, 1753.

To pierce the ether's high unknown

dominions, Nothing with God can be accidental.

To reach new spheres of pure activity. k. LONGFELLOW-Christus. The Golden

GOETHE-- Faust.
Legend. Pt. VI.

That action is best which procures the I have shot mine arrow o'er the house

greatest happiness for the greatest numbers. And hurt my brother.

HUTCHINSONInquiry ; Concerning I. Hamlet. Act V. Sc. 2.

Moral Good and Evil. Sec. 3.

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Attack is the reaction; I never think I have Rightness expresses of actions, what hit hard unless it rebounds.

straightness does of lines ; and there can no a. SAM'L JOHNSON— Boswell's Life of more be two kinds of right action than there Johnson, An. 1775. can be two kinds of straight line.

9. HERBERT SPENCER-Social Slatics, I have always thought the actions of men

Ch. XXXII. Par. 4, the best interpreters of their thoughts. b. LOCKE- Human Understanding. Bk. I.

Theirs not to make reply,
Ch. 3.

Theirs not to reason why,

Theirs but to do and die. Let us then be up and doing,

TENNYSONThe Charge of the Light With a heart for any fate;

Brigade. Št. 2. Still achieving, still pursuing, Learn to labour and to wait.

A slender acquaintance with the world c. LONGFELLOW-- Psalm of Life.

must convince every man, that actions, not

words, are the true criterion of the attach- Trust no future howe'er pleasant!

ment of friends; and thut the most liberal Let the dead past bury their dead !

professions of good-will are very far from Act,-act in the living present!

being the surest marks of it. Heart within and God o'erhead !

S. GEORGE WASHINGTON-Social Maxims. d. LONGFELLOW-Psalm of Life.

Friendship. So much one man can do,

Action is transitory, a step, a blow, That does both act and know.

The motion of a muscle-this way or that. e MARVELL- Upon Cromwell's return

t. WORDSWORTH-The Borderers. Act III. from Ireland.

All may do what has by man been done. Awake, arise, or be for ever fall’n.

u. "Young—Night Thoughts. Night VI. f. MILTON- Paradise Lost. Bk. I.

Line 606. Line 830. How my achievements mock me!

ADMIRATION. I will go meet them.

No nobler feeling than this, of admiration g. Troilus and Cressida. Act IV. Sc. 2.

for one higher than himself dwells in the If it were done, when 'tis done, then 'twere

breast of man. It is to this hour, and at all

hours, the vivifying influence in man's life. It were done quickly.

v. CARLYLEÎleroes and Hero Worship. h. Macbeth Act I. Sc. 7.

Lecture 1. In such business

Green be the turf above thee, Action is eloquence, and the eyes of the

Friend of my better days! ignorant

None knew thee but to love thee, More learned than the ears.

Nor named thee but to praise. i. Coriolanus. Act III. Sc. 2.

2. FITZ-GREENE HALLECK- On the death

of Joseph R. Drake. So smile the Heavens upon this holy act That after-hours with sorrow chide us not! Few men are admired by their servants. j. Romeo and Juliet. Act II. Sc. 6.

2. MONTAIGNE—Essays. Bk. III. Ch. 2. Suit the action to the word, the word to the We always like those who admire us, we action.

do not always like those whom we admire. k. Hamlet. Act III. Sc. 2.

y. ROCHEFOUCAULD-Maxim 294. The blood more stirs

What you do To rouse a lion, than to start a hare.

Still betters what is done. When you speak, 1 Henry IV. Pt. I. Act I. Sc. 3.

sweet, Things done well,

I'd have you do it ever. And with a care, exempt themselves from fear;

1 2. Winter's Tale. Act IV. Sc. 3. Things done without example, in their issue Are to be fear'd.

ADVERSITY. m. Henry VIII. Act I. Sc. 2.

And these vicissitudes come best in youth ; We may not think the justness of each act

For when they happen at a riper age, Such and no other then event doth form it.

People are apt to blame the fates forsooth, 1. Troilus and Cressila. Act II. Sc. 2.

And wonder Providence is not more sage.

Adversity is the first path to truth :
We must not stint

He who hath proved war, storm or woman's Our necessary actions, in the fear

rage, To cope malicious censurers.

Whether his winters be eighteen or eighty, 0. Henry VIII. Act I. Sc. 2.

Has won the experience which is deem'd so

weighty. Heaven never helps the men who will not act. aa. BYRON— Don Juan Canto XII. · P. Sophocles. Fragment 288.

St. 50.



Adversity is sometimes hard upon a mn; Be loving and you will never want for but for one man who can stand prosperity, love; be humble, and you will never want for there are a hundred that will stand adver guiding. sity.

m. D. M. MULOCK - Olive. Ch. XXIV. å. CARLILE Heroes and Hero Worship..

Lecture V.

Be niggards of advice on no pretense;

For the worst avarice is that of sense. Aromatic plants bestow

n. POPE- Essay on Criticism. Line 578. No spicy fragrance while they grow ; But crush'd or trodden to the ground,

Direct not him, whose way himself will Diffuse their balmy sweets around.

choose ; 6. GOLDSMITH The Captivity. Act I.

'Tis breath thou lack'st, and that breath wilt

thou lose. Thou tamer of the human breast,

0. Richard II. Act II. Sc. 1. Whose iron scourge and tort'ring hour The bad affright, afflict the best!

Here comes a man of comfort, whose advice

Hath often still'd my brawling discontent. C. GRAY-Ode to Adversity. St. 1.

p. Measure for Measure. Act IV. Sc. 1. In the adversity of our best friends we of- | I pray theo cease thy counsel, ten find something which does not displease

Which falls into mine ears as profitless us.

As water in a sieve. d. ROCHEFOUCAULD- Reflections. XV.

9. Much Ado About Nothing. Act V. Bold adversity

Sc. 1. Cries out for noble York and Somerset,

When a wise man gives thee better counTo beat assailing death from his weak legions. sel, give me mine again. And whiles the honourable captain there

r. King Lear. Act II. Sc. 4. Drops bloody sweat from his war wearied limbs.

AFFECTION. e. Henry VI. Pt. I. Act IV. Sc. 4. His overthrow heap'd happiness upon him ;

Affection is the broadest basis of a good life. For then, and not till then, he felt himself,

S. GEORGE ELIOTDaniel Deronda.

Bk. V. Ch. 35. And found the blessedness of being little. f. Henry VIII. Act IV. Sc. 2.

As for murmurs, mother, we grumble a little Sweet are the uses of adversity ;

| now and then to be sure. But there's no Which, like the toad, ugly and venomous,

love lost between us. Wears yet a precious jewel in his head.

1. GOLDSMITH-She Stoops to Conquer. g. As You Like It. Act. II. Sc. 1.

Act IV.

! Talk not of wasted affection, affection never Then know, that I have little wealth to lose;

was wasted ; A man I am cross'd with adversity.

Ifit enrich not the heart of another, its waters, h. Two Gentlemen of Verona. Act IV.

returning Sc. 1. Back to their springs, like the rain, shall fill

them full of refreshment; They can be meek that have no other cause,

That which the fountain sends forth returns A wretched soul, bruis'd with adversity, We bid be quiet, when we hear it cry.

again to the fountain.

U. LONGFELLOW-- Evangeline. Pt. II. St. 1. i. Comedy of Errors. Act II. Sc. 1.

Affection is a coal that must be cool'd ;

Else suffer'd it will set the heart on fire.

SHAKESPEARE - Venus and Adonis. The worst men often give the best advice :

Line 387. Our deeds are sometimes better than our thoughts.

So loving to my mother, BAILEY-Festus. Sc. A Village Feast.

That he might not beteem the winds of

heaven She had a good opinion of advice,

Visit her face too roughly. Like all who give and eke receive it gratis, w. Hamlet. Act I. Sc. 2. For which small thanks are still the market

Such affection and unbroken faith price,

As temper life's worst bitterness. Even where the article at highest rate is.

X. SHELLEYThe Cenci. Act. III. Sc. 1. k. BYRON- Don Juan. Canto XV. St. 29. Let him go abroad to a distant country ;

AFFLICTION. let him go to some place where he is not known. Don't let him go to the devil where Affliction, like the iron-smith, shapes as it he is known.

smites. I. SAM'L JOHNSON – Boswell's Life of 1 4. BOVEE-Summaries of Thought. Johnson. |


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