Obrazy na stronie

the latter must take place, and every spark Let us look into this beautiful microof the former die for ever.

colm; let us examine its various facul. Where shall we begin to depict the va- ties and powers; how wonderfully every riegated scene of wondrous order ? Shall part is framed to receive the most exquisite we look up to the orbs in regular motion sensatiops, to perform the most glorious moving in their rounds, and harmoniously actions, and aitain the first of blessings ! keeping in their spheres ? or shall we inve- Not an atom in our frame but is defined stigate the minute organism of beings, to fome noble end--to support fome grand whose existence is indiscernible to the com- design, and further fome exalted deed. mon eye? or shall we take a transient view How pleasingly is the body adapted to perof any the intermediate links of Creation ? form every with the foul can form, or at-, Each separately raises our wonder, and tain every point that it soars at! Look into gains from us involuntary adoration ; but thyself; canst thou form such a system of when we consider the aggregate body of systems, in a regular confusion, and fur. Creation, its connections and dependen- prisingly varied labyrinth of powers decies, that symmetry with which the consti- pendent on, and serving each other? Canit tuent parts are connected, that elegant for- thou demonstrate the principles on which mation of structure, that capacity for ac- it moves, or the causes of its various ac-. tion, and minute dependency on each other tions and affections, and the reason for its in a reciprocal order; the Phænician birth several functions and senses? Canst thou, of nature, or one class of beings rising into clearly demonstrate why the ear hears, the life from the ashes of another, well may we eye lees, the nostrils receive the impression join the Pfalmist, “ Lord ! how wonderful of favour, and the mouth of taste; while are thy works! in wisdom haft thou made the sense of feeling is scattered indetermi. them all; creation teems with thy riches." nately thro' the whole frame? Are not the

The more minutely we examine Nature, nerves to each part the same.--the same the greater our surprize is, that he resists their origin and structure ? the shocks her own powers are continually Is it reasonable that so exquisite a piece making against her oeconomy; and well of mechanism should be the work of blind satisfied muft we be, that merely by her chance, independent of Supremacy ? felf-existent

power she would not long sur- Reason starts back at the position; nor will vive such repeated violences : foon must it admit a shadow of possibility. The yield a victim to her own frantic paf- There is not an action in Nature, but at fions, unless fupported by some all-power- the same time that it points out his power, ful controul; and wild confusion, seizing convinces us of the mercy of the Almighty, the reins of government, would produce a Nature has certain fixed properties, by second chaos.

which she is connected, and which deter's If we look back a few ages, (few in- mine her actions. Every effect is prodeed when compared with eternity) we duced by a certain cause; and, without a find mankind lost in ignorance ; gradually stated influence, no effect or action can they launched out from the dark cloud take place. These reflections are the rethat inveloped them, and with a rapid gra- sult of Philofophic knowledge : they arife dation arose to the height of knowledge from an accurate investigation of Nature, which they now possess.

and her laws. Let us examine the inferThe mind of man is too active to remain ences to be drawn from them, and the long in a state of lethargic ignorance ; it influence they are likely to bave on men's naturally awakens itself to knowledge, conduct, rushes forward into the spacious field of The violent actions, or efforts of Na. Nature, and contemplates on the various ture, are timely cures to certain diseases in phænomena that present themselves to our her æconomy, from whence they arise, or intellectual or corporeal senses. From are the symptomatic effects; and by des them we draw conclusions, by them form stroying superfluous collections of matter, opinions, and thro' them are easily led to hinder fatal events to herself or constitu, acknowledge a Supremacy must exist,

As Man is subject to diseases to Nature could not have been always as it which he must in time yield, but has is. Men must have begun existence powers to counteract them for a time, so is when, is indeterminate-how, is easily an- it with Nature. But by her violent efforts fwered. His own innatę power is unequal in accomplishing her grand designs, indito the task. Some more powerful Agent viduals fometimes become victims to the muti therefore have called him into being, immoderate rage of her elements, or, in a who, as his Creator, demands his grati- secondary manner, by the works of their tude and obedience,

own hands. This facrifice is indiscrimi,



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nate, falling alike on the juft and unjust, Was it at first inert, thus it had remained, and is therefore evidently not as a punish- and had been even now as then, motionment for vice, nor a reward of virtue; it less," and without form, and void."-comes not in wantonness, nor is it the The First Agent to this alteration inust {port of fools, but the stated influence of have been felf-existent and independent, Nature, who, while the destroys an indi- supreme over other


and co-operatvidual, is working to the preservation of ing with them in all their actions. And, myriads. And no doubt the Almighty without this influence, matter would not chooses thus to demonstrate his attributes | only have remained in its former state, but to mankind, by allowing fo valt a latitude will again, on being deprived of it, return of action to the elements, and then re- to its pristine chaos. straining them; by which his mercy, This Author of Existence, then, under wisdom, and power appear conspicuous. what name foever dignified, is the Go

Science, thus employed, removes those vernor and Controuller of this little globe-. doubts and scruples which arose in other nay more, of the universe ; a word too comen's minds, from a supposition that the pious for our confined ideas, and as far accidents of life were rendered to us as beyond our comprehension, as the ideas of certain punishments, at the same time that the foul exceed the shellit lives in. the promiscuous distribution was evident. The powers - and faculties of the soul Such a persuasion was rife with great evil, point out its immortality. How low, derstartling fome in their religious principles, picable, and degenerate must that inan be, and rooting all sense of religion from the who would lower himself with the beasts breasts of others ;----filling some with that perish! What! shall Man lord it on groundless fears and jealousies, others with earth for a few years, stand superior in the discontents and murmuring; by which chain of created beings, with faculties for means they either became superstitious and eternal existence, and at one stroke be leidolatrous, or atheistical and immoral; velled with the rest? If ambition be the either of which extremes are a sufficient result of philosophical enquiries, it will root for all evil---while Science, remov- cryth-the groveling thought, and, instead ing Nature from this obfcurity, gives her of inducing men to spurn, render them fond the golden mean.

of embracing the doctrine of immortality. Before we quit this subject, let us cast The accusation, therefore, of arrogance back a thought beyond the birth of Na- and ambition in Philosophers being at va ture. How were things then situate ?---- riance with its proofs, both mult fall to the Rude confusion crouds our imagination; ground; since I have proved that Science, and our souls are lost in wonder and fur- inculcating in us a proper notion of the prize. No longer deny the power and attributes of God, will aid our endeavours authority of the Godhead, but, won by to virtue, by, implanting in us the only admiration, own his omnipotence is far be- true knowledge--."d to know ourselves.” yond our bounded comprehension.

To lum up all:---What can give a man Look back for myriads of ages,


you more calınness, than a fixed certainty in will at last form a boundary to the flight hope of immortal happiness? What can of the soul, but at the same time be con

teach him social duties with more energy, Scious of a pre-existence; the unfathomable than that contemplative knowledge which abyss is too deep for the mind; in vain results from true Science; opening the Thé endeavours to reach eternity, while, scene of futurity, when the wearied soul loaded with frail matter, she never can en

will throw off this cumbrous shell of mor: ter the immaterial worlds, but will re. tality, and range with perfect freedom main bewildered and lost in her research, | through the works of God, ---there fee and and, tho' conscious of a path, is incapable converie wit Spirits and Angels, subof pursuing it; like as in a dream, it itances akin and suited to its nature ? vainly endeavours at that activity which it Let no man, therefore,---milled by weak cannot attain.

credulity ---Inaintain, that too much know? I have already thewn that the present | ledge inflates the minds of men. existence of things mult have had an ori. gin; that men could not have remained

PHILOTHEORUS, for so many ages in perfect ignorance, and all at once break out into perfection; [The Seliat Committee for determining the And therefore, as Nature once éxiited in a Prizes have adjudged the Medal this month different modus from its prelent, some to the author of the above iiigenious Ejay, to power beyond its own must have influenced whom it fball be sent agreeable to his owni di it to this effect, or it had never varied.--- rections.]


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p Hountry Lates

, the pride of the village home, and cheer him with®my light. I

next year.


were two where they lived ; both handsome to per- dress his little supper, and partake it, with fection, but exceedingly different.

more pleasure than you have at a feast. The unaffected Damaris had no atten- He, in the mean time, tells me stories of . tion but to assist the infirmities of an aged his younger days, and instructs me by his parent, whom fevere illness confined to his

experience. Sometimes he teaches me a. cottage; while she tended his flock by the song, like that I was singing just now: wood-lide. Her hands were generally em- and, on holidays, I read to him out of ployed in some useful work : and when some good book. This, Phillis, is my The knit, or spun, to procure her old father life. I have no great expectations, but a more tolerable sublistence, the chearful- every chearful hope, that can make the ness of her songs exprest a contented heart. heart light and easy. Her dress, though very poor, was always

PHILLI S. neat and clean : the studied no ornament Well, Damaris, I shall not dispute your in it; and 'if the neighbours commended taste. My father is well enough, by his her person, the gave them very little at- own labour, to provide for his family: tention.

and my mother never fet us the example Phillis had been bred up under a care- of working. 'Tis true we are poor : but less mother. She was exceedmgly pretty, who knows what good fortune may

throw and knew it mighty well. On holidays in our way. Youth is the time for mirth nobody so spruce as she. Her hat was and pleasure: and I do not care how wreathed with flowers or ribbons : every hardly I fare, provided I can get a filken fountain was consulted for her dress, and lining to my hat, and be Lady of the May every meadow ransacked to adorn it. From morning till night she was dancing, and

DA MARIS. sporting on the green : all the shepherds O! Phillis, this is very pretty for the courted and admired her, and the believed | present : but in what will it end? Do you every word they said. Yet the felt many think that smoothness of face will always a discontent. Sometimes her garland | last? Yon decrepid old woman, that limpswould be less becoming than the wished upon her crutches, was once, they say, as. it: and every day brought with it fome handsome as you. Her youth paffed withdisquiet. She was one morning sitting out engaging any body in a real affection very pensive under a poplar, tying up a to her : yet her good name was lost among nosegay, when she heard Damaris, who the follies fhe engaged in. Poverty and was concealed from her only by the shade age came on together : The has long been a of some bushes, singing with a merry heart, burden to the village, and herself. If any. a fong in praise of Industry: Phillis could neighbour's cow is ill, all suspicions of not help interrupting her in the midst of witchcraft fall upon her. She can do noit: and when the went towards her, found thing to maintain herself: and every body her busy in plying the diftaff, which was grudges her what she has. fixed in her lide; when thus the


PHILLI S. began

Ill-natured Damaris, to compare me PHIL LIS.

with a hag, that the country abhors. I How is it possible, Damaris, that you with you would come to the pastimes : Mould be always so merry in leading a they would put you in a better humour. life of such drudgery? What charms can Besides, you would there hear what the you

find in it? How much better would Thepherds say to this Phillis, whom you are it become your years to be dancing at the pleased to despise for May-pole, where some rich farmer's son

DA MARIS. might probably fall in love with you! I do not despise you, Phillis : but I wille D A MAR IS.

you well, and would fain fee you as happy Ah! Phillis, I prefer this way of life, as myself. That fine green stuff your because I see you very unhappy in your's. gown is made of, would become


much For my own part, I have never a moment's better if it was of your own spinning. But uneasiness. I am sensible, I am doing | I talk like an old man's daughter, and am what I ought. I see myself the comfort little heeded. Go, pretty butterfly, and of a good old father, who fupported my rejoice in the summer of thy days : let me helpless infancy, and now wants this re- like the homely, but industrious ant, lay turn of duty in his deciepid age. When up some provision for the winter.


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him, “With what assurance he could work P

Cannus, a city of Caria, subject to in the suburbs of a city that wasbesieged ?" the Rhodians. Being descended from poor His answer was, “That he understood the parents, he had not probably the instruc- war which the King had undertaken was tions deemed fo proper for his art. The against the Rhodians, and not againīt the first we hear of him is, tħat he painted ships arts :" which answer so pleased him, that for his livelihood.

he ordered some of his foldiers for his He finished his pictures with a vast deal guard, being glad that by such means he of care and exactness. The finest of them, could save fo great an artist. it is said, was the picture of Jalilus, who Apelles asking Protogenes what price is supposed to have been a famous hunter. he had for his pičtures, and hearing that it While he was employed upon this, all his was inconsiderable, as is too generally the food was lentils mixed with a little water, case of those who are obliged to work for which served him both for meat and drink; bread, being concerned at the injustice he being of opinion, that this simple and conceived to be done to such beautiful light nourishment would leave him more ductions, gave him fifty talents for one freedom of fancy than richer or grosser picture only, saying, That he would viands.

make it pass, and sell it for his own.". Apelles seeing this piece, was so struck This made the Rhodians perceive the mewith admiration, that he could find no ex- rit of Protogenes, and made them willing pression adequate to its beauty. This to get the picture Apelles had bought out picture afterwards saved the city of Rhodes, of his hands at any rate ; so that they paid when besieged by Demetrius ; for not be- him down a much greater price than he ing able to attack it on any

other quarter had given for it, and it was by this methan that where Protogenes worked, which thod that they were stimulated to give he intended to burn, in order to fet fire to a greater price for the works of Protogethe rest of the town, he chose rather to nes, who was ever grateful to his friend abandon his enterprize, than by effecting Apelles, to whose generosity he owed his this to destroy so fine a piece, the product advancement. of such a painter.

Protogenes (according to Pliny) was a Though Protogenes, having his work- sculptor as well as a painter; and this auhouse in a garden in the suburbs near the thor has spoken more at large of his works, camp of the enemy, must necessarily be ex- ranking him with the skilful painters of pored to the noise and din of arms, yet this antiquity. could not distraet him in his labours.-Demetrius sending for him, and asking

[St. James's Mag.)

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With a Curious ANECDOTE of Lord B******TON. TALSEHOOD and Insincerity have the most exalted characters, (we mean

fo firmly established their throne, those who maintain distinguished litua and reign fo predominant in the breasts of tions) when they pledge their faith and mankind, that to attempt to disodge them honour for the performance of every apfrom their sovereignty, would be vain and plication that is made to them; and that impossible. Thele passions have been che- too, without the least intention of renderrished in all times, but to a mach greater ing those deluded dupes, who confide in degree in the present age, which is equally their declarations, any manner of service? notorious for its unbounded as well as re- We must, and ought to treat them, with fined dissipation. From the court to the contempt. cottage, Deceit, Fraud, and Perfidy, are How ridiculous, absurd, and fullome hourly practifed : Sincerity, Honour, and are those Compliments which are in geneFidelity, are banished from the land í and ral so prevalent amongst mankind! They dare not thew their countenances amongst are calculated to injure, but never to serve. us. What opinion must we entertain of Have we not frequently seen men addrefs


one another with all the protestations of ceived our hero with open arms, promising feeming friendship and relpect, profeffing to provide for him speedily. He accord that it would be the means of producing | ingly attended his Lordihip's levee for eternal happiness, could they have it in many months, without any greater probatheir power to render each other services, || bility of fucceeding in his wishes than on and praying and foliciting for permission | his arrival in England; he therefore was to introduce fubftantial proofs of unremit- || determined to adopt a new plan of proce: ting gratitude and esteem, at a time when || dure. they retained the most cordial enmity for Imagining that his Lordship must be each other.

more at leisure from the fatigues of office Courtiers have always rendered them in the mornings at his own house, he acfelves odious by their repeated breaches of cordingly repaired thither about nine protestations ; it is even become prover- o'clock in the morning, when he was in. bial to declare, when you doubt the vera- formed by a footman that his Lordship city of a promise, that the declaration does was gone abroad. For about ten days he not merit any other confidence of faith, || experienced the same reply. He then difthan that of Lord B-r-g-n; or, indeed, of continued his vists for four or five days, any other Court Character equally notori- ) and as he afterwards approached the ous in the hackneyed road of duplicity and house, he perceived his Lordfhip precipifinesse. We might, perhaps, incur the stately retreat from the window; upon displeasure, as well as censure of the pub- || which our Soldier knocked at the door, lic, if reasons were not affigned for thus and received the usual information. Perparticularizing this noble Lord ; therefore, Iceiving how much his credulity had been as a proof that we neither intend nor with | abused, he would now have chastised the to vilify or depreciate his Lordship's cha- | party-coloured Gentleman, if he had not racter, we prefent the reader with the fol

had higher game in view; he, therefore, lowing Anecdote, which conveys the sub- without further ceremony flew up stairs, ject of a matter of fact; and, as its recital burst in upon his Lordship, and addressed may, in some measure, be of real advantage | him as follows: “ Be not surprized, my to the Gentlemen of the army in their fu- | Lord, at this intrusion. My wrongs de. ture applications, we hall introduce it mand reparation; they shall, and must be without farther ceremony.

gratified. Your Lordship’s treating me

with the groflest duplicity; it seem ANECDOTE of Lord B******TON. sufficient; the rascals, your footmen, are

taught the very fame principles.” THE difficulty of obtaining promotion To this language his Lordship very in the Army, without money or inte- || coolly replied, that he really could not conrest, is too obvioully known to render any sider this unexpected visit in any other comment upon that subject necefiary.- light than that of an intrusion; and that Let it suffice to say, that a worthy veteran his fervants were guilty of no crime, exOfficer, born on the north of the Tweed, cept obeying their master's orders could be and whose manly locks were already fil-construed into one. vered in the service of his king and coun- The Officer proceeded : “My Lord, as try, was in this predicament. He had I intend to make this but a short vifit, and ferved in the rank of subaltern upwards of as I have matters of consequence which twenty years, during which period many | require immediate discussion, I shall wave were preferred over his head; some thro the point relative to the propriety or imthe interest of their friends, and others by || propriety of instructing servants in the arts the purchase of their promotion. Our of falfhood and deception. Your Lordgallant North Briton had no merit which ship knows my errand; I am determined could entitle him to claim promotion, ex- not to be duped any longer. Should you cept that of his intrepid courage, and long || attempt any further experiment of that 'na: and faithful services. He had been on the ture, perhaps you may find it rather too plains of Minden, and in several other en

late to repent of your conduct." gagements during the late war ; in all

Upon this the Officer pulled a loaded which he greatly distinguished himself.--- pistol out of his pocket, which he put into About the beginning of the year 1761, he || his Lordship’s hands, recommending him obtained his Colonel's leave to return to to be particular in examining the exquilite England, who, at the fame time, procured | taste of the artist in its conitruction, while him very ample recommendation to Lord he pulled its fellow from his pocket. He B-rog-n, then la -y at war, for the then appealed, if such an instrument was tisk vacant company. His Lordship re- not very proper to have recourse to, when a


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