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HOW TO ARRIVE AT SPECIK PAYMENTS.

ernment refuses to take up its notes, and others cable only to future contracts, as the parties do likewise. These things cannot be without mutually agree. Every citizen in this respect a shock to public morals. Honesty ceases to would be a law to hiunself. If he chose in his be even a policy. Broken contracts prepare own business to resume specie payments, he the way for crime, which comes to complete could do so. There would be a voluntary ihe picture.

resumption by the people, one by one. But Our foreign commerce is not less disturbed, this influence could not be confined to the for here we are brought within the sphere of immediate parties. Beyond the contagion of other laws than our own. Gold is the standard its example, there would be a positive neces; of business throughout the civilized world. sity on the part of the banks, that they should Until it becomes again the standard among | adapt themselves to the exigency by the sub118 we are not, according to the familiar stitution of proper commercial equivalents; phrase of President Lincoln, “in practical and thus again we take another step in specie relations with the civilized world. We are payments. States out of the great Union. Our currency Thirdly. Another measure of practical value has the stamp of legality at home; but it is is the contraction of the existing currency, so worthless abroad. In all foreign transactions as to bring it on a par with coin, dollar for we are driven to purchase gold at a premium, dollar. Before alluding to any of the expeor to adopt a system of barter, which belongs dients to accomplish this precious object, it is to the earlier stages of commerce. Corn, important to arrive at some idea of the amount wheat, and cotton are exchanged for the prod- of currency of all kinds required for the busiucts we desire, and this traffic is the coarse ness of the country. To do this, we may look substitute for that refined and plastic system at the currency before the rebellion, when of exchanges which adapts itself so easily to business was in its normal condition. I shall all the demands of business. Commerce with not occupy space with tables, although they are foreign Powers is prosecuted at an incalculable now before me, but content myself with re. disadvantage. Our shipping, which in times sults. From the official report of the Treasury, past has been the pride of the Nation, whiten- it appears that, on the 1st of January, 1860, ing every sea with its sails, is reduced in num- the whole active circulation of the country, ber and value. Driven from the ocean by including bank circulation, bank deposits availpirate flags during the rebellion, it cannot able as currency, specie in bank, specie in struggle back to its ancient supremacy until Treasury, estimated specie in circulation, and the accustomed laws of trade once more resume deducting reserves, amounted to $542,097,264. their rule.

It may be assumed that this sum total was

the amount of currency required at the time. There are few who will deny the transcend- From the same official tables, it appears that, ent evil which I have set forth. There are on the 1st of October, 1867, the whole active few who will advocate inconvertible paper as

circulation of the country, beginning with currency. How shall the remedy be applied ? || greenbacks and fractional currency, and includOn this question, so interesting to the business ing all the items in the other account, amounted and good name of the country there are theo- to $1,245,138,193. Thus from 1860, when the ries without number ; some so ingenious as currency was normal, to 1867, some time after to be artilicial rather than natural. What is the suspension of specie payments, there was natural is simple; and I am persuaded that an increase of one hundred and thirty per our remedy must be of this character.

cent. Omitting bank deposits for both years The legal-tender note, which we wish to ex- the increase was one hundred and forty-six pel from our currency, has two different char.

Making due allowance for the inacters; first, as mere currency, for use in the crease of population, business, and Governtransactions of business ; and, secondly, as ment transactions, there remains a considerreal value from the assurance that ultimately able portion of this advance, which must be it will be paid in coin, according to its promise,

attributed to the abnormal condition of the These two different characters may be senten- currency. I follow various estimates in puttiously expressed as availability and converti- ting this at sixty or seventy per cent., reprebility. The notes are now available without senting the difference of prices at the two dif being convertible. Our desire is to make them ferent periods, and the corresponding excess convertible; in other words, the equivalent of of currency above the requirements of the coin in value, dollar for dollar. On the 1st of country. Therefore, for the reduction of prices, June last past these notes were $388, 645, 801 there must be a reduction of the currency; in amount.

and this must be to the amount of $300,000,000. Discarding theories, however ingenious, and So it seems, unless these figures err. following nature, I call attention to a few prac. Against the movement for contraction, which tical points before reverting to those cardi- is commended by its simplicity and its tendnal principles applicable to this subject, from ency to a normal condition of things, we which there can be no appeal.

have two adverse policies; one the stand-still First. The present proposition for funding is | policy, and the other, worse yet, the policy an excellent measure for this purpose, being at

of inflation. By the first the currency is left once simple and practical; not that it contains in statu quo-stationary-subject to the influany direct promise for the redemption of our ence of other conditions which may operate to currency, but because it places the national debt reduce it. Better stand still than move in a ona permanent footing ata smaller interest than wrong direction. By the latter the currency is is now paid. By this change three things, es- enlarged at the expense of the people-being at sential to financial reconstruction, are pro- once a tax and a derangement of values. You moied; economy, stability, and national credit. pamper the morbid appetite for paper money With these once established, specie-payments and play the discarded part of John Law. cannot be long postponed.

You blow up a bladder, without thinking that Secondly. Another measure of immediate it is nothing but a bladder, ready to burst. As value is the legalization of contracts in' coin, the volume of currency is increased the purso that henceforth all agreements made in coin chasing power of each dollaris reduced in promay be legally enforced in coin or its equiva- || portion. As you add to the currency you take lent. This would establish specie payments from the dollar. You do little more than mark wherever parties desired, and to this extent your goods at higher prices and imagine that begin the much-desired change. Contracts in | they have increased in value. Already the coin would increase and multiply, until the price is too high. Do not make it higher. exception became the rule. There would for Already the currency corrupted.

Do not a time be two currencies; but the better must corrupt it more. The cream has been reduced gradually prevail. The essential equity of the to skiinmed milk. Do not let it be reduced to new system would be apparen'; while there chalk and water. Let there be national cream would be a charm in once more looking upon for all the people. familiar faces long hidden from sight, as the Obviously any contraction of the currency hoarded coin came forth. Nor can any pos- must be conducted with caution, so as to inter- t sible injury ensue. The legalization is appli. Il fere as little as possible with existing interests.

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and you should lift all the national creditors lines four and five, to strike out the words
to this solid platform rather than drag a sin-

teenth article; and then, in order not to include
"and which States are not now represented | Tennessee in that, which was admitted before
gle citizen down. A just Equality is sought || in Congress ;'' in line fifteen, to strike out the with a constitution formed prior to the 4th of
by leveling up instead of leveling down. In
this way the national credit will be maintained,

word "and" and insert “nor," and 10 add to March, 1867, the proviso is added. I do hope

the resolution the words, " Provided, That | that on this mere question of form we shall not so that it will be a source of wealth, prosperity, 1) nothing herein contained shall be construed || haggle with the House of Representatives, but and renown.

to apply to any State wbich was represented concur in their amendments at once.
Pardon me, if now, by way of recapitula- | in Congress on the 4th day of March, 1867;'' The question being put on concurring in the
tion, I call your attention to three things in so as to make the resolution read :

House amendments; there were, on a divisiou-
which allothers center. The first is the Public
Faith. The second is the Public Faith. The

Resolved, dc., That none of the States whose ayes 20, noes 12.

inhabitants were lately in rebellion shall be entitled Mr. WILLIAMS, Mr. President
third is the Public Faith. Let these be sacredly to representation in the Electoral College for the Mr. TRUMBULL. I should like to have
preserved, and there is nothing of power or

choice of President or Vice President of the United

States, nor shall any electoral votes be received or the yeas and nays on concurring in the Honse
fame, which can be wanting. All things will counted from any of such States, unless at the time amendments. i think an imnortant principle
pay tribute to you, even from the uttermost prescribed by law for the choice of electors the peo- is involved.
parts of the sea. All the sheaves will stand

ple of such States, pursuant to the acts of Congress
in that behalf, shall bave, since the 4th day of

Mr. EDMUNDS. It is too late.
abont, as in the dream of Joseph, and make March, 1867, adopted a coustitution of State govern- Mr. TRUMBULL. I do not think it is tog
obeisance to your sheaf. Good people, espe-

nient under which a State government shall have late.
cially all concerned in business, whether coin:

been organized and shall be in operation, nor unless
such election of electors shall have beep held under

Mr. EDMUNDS. After the vote has been
merce, banking, or labor our own compatriots the authority of such constitution and government. taken and announced?
or the people of other lands—will honor and and such State shall have also become entitled to Mr. TRUMBULL. If the Senate does not
uphold the Nation which, against all tempta-

representation in Congress, pursuant to tho acts of
Congress in that behall: Provided, That nothing

want to give me the yeas and nays, be it so.
tion, keeps its word.

herein contained shall be construed to apply to any Mr. EDMUNDS. I should not bave thought
EXECUTIVE SESSION.
State which was represented in Congress on the 4th

of suggesting that objection if the Senator had
day of March, 1807.
Mr, TRUMBULL. It is manifest that we

not been so exceedingly nice. I withdraw the

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The ques. | objection,
cannot get through with this bill to-day, and as
it is desirable to have an executive session I

tion is on concurring in the amendments of Mr. TRUMBULL. If the Senate will not

of the House of Representatives. move that the Senate proceed to the consider

give me the yeas and nays, be it so.

Mr. TRUMBULL. It seems to me tbat the
ation of executive business.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Sena.
Mr. SHERMAN. Why not let us proceed
amendments put the resolution in a shape

tor from Oregon addressed the Chair.
which the Senate several times voted down.
with this bill a little longer ?

Mr. WILLIAMS. I was about to make &
Mr. TRUMBULL. It is after three o'clock
The objection to the resolution as it originally

motion to adjourn; but if the Senator from
stood was that it embraced States which had
on Saturday afternoon; and there is some busi-

Illinois wants the yeas and nays, of course I
already been admitted to representation. That
ness that ought to be done in executive session.

shall not make the motion now.
Mr. SHERMAN. We can have an execu-
was the point upon which the discussion arose

Mr. TRUMBULL. I think we had better tive session later in the day, say at half past

in the Senate, and the Senate repeatedly voted have the yeas and nays.

down this very proposition.
four.

Mr. EDMUNDS. I make no objection.
Mr. TRUMBULL. We cannot get through
Mr. DRAKE. No.

The yeas and nays were ordered; and being the executive business by beginning the execu

Mr. TRUMBULL. Yes; I think, in sub

taken, resulted-yeas 19, nays 15; as follows: tive session at half past four. stance, the very same thing. The Senator

YEAS--Messrs. Anthony, Cattell, Cole, Cragiu, froin Nebraska (Mr. THAYER] made a motion The PRESIDING OFFICER, (Mr. An

Drake, Edmunds, Harlan, Morrill of Vermont, which saved the States of Arkansas and FlorTHONY in the chair.) The motion is not de

Morton. Nye, Osborn, Ramsey, Ross, Stewart, Sumida by providing that the resolution should ner, Tipton, Wade, Williams, and Yates-19. batable.

NAYS–Niessrs. Buckalew. Conkling, Davis, Ferry, Mr. SHERMAN. I ask for the yeas and I apply only to those States not now represented.

Fowler, Henderson,

Hendricks, Howe, McCreery, The Senator from Nebraska moved the amendnays. We might just as well go on a little

Morgan, Patterson of Tennessee, Thayer, Trumbull,
ment so as to contine the resolution to those Van Winkle, and Vickers-15.
longer with this bill.

ABSENT-Messrs. Bayard, Cameron, Chandler,
States not represented ; and that was satisfac-
The yeas and nays were ordered; and being

Conness, Corbett, Dixon, Doolittle, Fessenden. Fre,
taken, resulted-yeas 33, nays 6; as follows:
tory to the Senate. The very ditficulty we had

linghuysen, Grimes, Howard, McDonald, Morrill of in this body was that the original resolution Maine, Norton, Patterson of New Hampshire, PomeYEAS- Messrs. Anthony, Buckalew, Cameron,

roy, Rice, Saulsbury, Sherman, Sprague, Welch,
reflected upon States already represented in
Cattell, Chandler, Cole, Conkling, Conness, Davis,

Willey, and Wilson-23.
Edmunds, Ferry, Fessenden, Fowler, barlan, How- Congress, and it was making a distinction,

So the amendments were concurred in.
ard, Howe, McCrcery, McDonald, Nye, Osborn, Pat-

which many thought invidious, between the
terson of New Hampshire, Patterson of Tennessee,

States of Arkansas and Florida and the States Mr. WILLIAMS. I move that the Senate
Pomeroy, Ramsey, Ross, Sumner, Tiptou, Trumbull,
Van Winkle, Vickers, Willey, Willians,and Yates-33. of Illinois and New York and Nebraska; and

do now adjourn.
NAYS- Messrs. Morgan, Morrill of Maine, Mor-

hence the amendment of the Senator from The motion was agreed to; and the Senate
rill of Vermont, Morton, Sherman, and Stewart-6.
Nebraska was adopted by a very decided vote

adjourned.
ABSENT- Messrs. Bayard, Corbett,Cragin, Dixon,
Doolittle, Drake, Frelinghuysen, Grimes, Henderson, of the Senate. Now, the House of Represent-
Hendricks, Norton, Rice, Saulsbury,Sprague, Thayer, atives has stricken out that very provision HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
Wade, Welch, and Wilson-18.
So the motion was agreed to.
which made the resolution satisfactory to the

SATURDAY, July 11, 1868.
Senate. As there was so much trouble about
After more than two hours spent in execu- it, I think it would be best to non-concur.

The House met at twelve o'clock m.
tive session the doors were reopened.

Mr. CONKLING. I was going to make that

The Journal of yesterday was partially read,

when, on motion of Mr. BOUTWELL, the MESSAGE FROM THE HOUSE.

suggestion, that we non-concur and ask for a
conference.

further reading was dispensed with.
A message from the House of Representa-

Mr. TRUMBULL. I move, if it be in order, UNITED STATES COURTS IN VIRGINIA.
tives, by Mr. McPherson, its Clerk, announced
that the House had passed the joint resolution

that we non-concur in the House amendments
and ask for a conference. I think that will be

Mr. BOUTWELL, by unanimous consent, (S. R. No. 139) excluding from the Electoral

from the Committee on the Judiciary, reported College the votes of States lately in rebellion the better way, and then we shall arrive at a

back, with the recommendation that it do pass, which shall not have been organized, with conclusion.

the bill (H, R. No. 1370) to fix the time før amendments, in which it requested the concurrence of the Senate. precedence, and I make that motion. I have

court in Virginia. The message also announced that the House looked at the amendments of the House. Aside

The bill was read. It prorides that the had disagreed to the amendments of the Sen- from the feeling of my friend from Illinois who

terms of the United States district court lor ate to the bill (H. R. No. 1284) to change and has had it all the time-it has been chronic

the district of Virginia shall be held as here: with him; and therefore it is to be expected more effectually secure the collection of in

tofore at Richmond and Norfolk, and that the ternal taxes on distilled spirits and tobacco, that he will continue it-I think the resolution

terms in Staunton shall be held on the second
and to amend the tax on banks, asked a con-
ference on the disagreeing votes of the two

comes nearer to harmonizing all the views that
Houses thereon, and has appointed Mr. R. C.
the Senate had than any other would. It leaves

ville on the fourth Tuesday of April and October

in each year. SCHENCK of Ohio, Mr. SAMUEL HOOPER of

out the names of these States just as they were Massachusetts, and Mr. W. E. NIBLACK of left out last night, and makes the sweeping | read a third time; and being engrossed, it was

The bill was ordered to be engrossed and Indiana, managers at the same on its part.

declaration that none of the States which have accordingly read the third time, and passed

been in rebellion shall be considered as having
ELECTORAL VOTES OF LATE REBEL STATES.
been restored out of the rebellion so as to vote

Mr. BOUTWELL moved to reconsider the
On motion of Mr. EDMUNDS, the Senate until they shall have reached the point through

vote by which the bill was passed ; and also proceeded to consider the amendments of the the instrumentality of our reconstruction meas

moved that the motion to reconsider be laid House of Representatives to the joint resolu

on the table.
ures where they will be entitled to admission;
tion (S. R. No. 139) excluding from the Elect- that is, until they shall have adopted their new

The latter motion was agreed to.
oral College votes of States lately in rebellion constitutions under the authority of Congress,

LEAVE OF ABSENCE,
which shall not have been reorganized. submitted them to Congress for approval, have
The amendments were read. They were in

Mr. CAKE asked and obtained leave of them approved, and then have ratified the four- absence for two days.

Mr. EDMUNDS. A motion to concur has holding the terms of the United States district

as amended by the House of Representatives Tuesday of April and October

, and at Weber

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case now

COURT OF CLAIMS-ARKANSAS.

which was wrecked in our waters and abanMr. WILSON, of Iowa, by unanimous con- doned; but it does not come under the provissent, reported back from the Committee on ions of any general law by which an American the Judiciary, with a substitute, a joint resolu.

owner of the vessel can obtain an American tion (H. R. No. 310) to extend the provisions register. The Committee on Commerce had of the act of July 4, 1864, limiting the juris

before them a letter from the Secretary of the diction of the Court of Claims to the loyal

Treasury explaining all the facts, and after citizens of the State of Arkansas.

examination the committee agreed unanimously The substitute, which was read, provides

that I should be allowed to report this joint that the provisions of the act of July 4, 1864, resolution to the House. entitled "An act to restrict the jurisdiction of

Mr. SPALDING. I will not oppose the the Court of Claims," is hereby extended to passage of this joint resolution. What I object loyal citizens of the State of Arkansas, any.

to is the Committee on Commerce singling out thing to the contrary notwithstanding in the one or two cases where any of their own numact to declare the sense of an act entitled "An ber are interested and excluding others. Some act to restrict the jurisdiction of the Court of of us have introduced applications for registers Claims, and to provide for the payment of of vessels as favorable as this can possibly be, certain demands for quartermaster's stores

and we hear nothing from them. I have nothand subsistence supplies furnished to the Army | ing further to say except that I shall vote for of the United States," passed February 19,

the resolution. 1867.

The SPEAKER. The Chair will state that The substitute was agreed to; and the joint || if there should be a morning hour to-day the resolution, as amended, was then ordered to

Committee on Commerce will be called for be engrossed and read a third time; and being

bills of a private nature. engrossed, it was accordingly read the third

Mr. ELIOT. I ask the gentleman from time, and passed.

California [Mr. Axtell] to yield to me for a Mr. WILSON, of Iowa, moved to recon

moment that I may say a word in reply to the sider the yote by which the joint resolution | gentleman from Ohio, (Mr. SPALDING.) was passed ; and also moved that the motion

Mr. AXTELL. I yield to the gentleman. to reconsider be laid on the table.

Mr. ELIOT. I wish to say to the gentleman The latter motion was agreed to.

from Ohio [Mr. SPALDING] that if he will at

any time bring before the Committee on ComBRIDGE OVER MISSOURI RIVER.

merce a case similar in principle to that now Mr. CLARKE, of Kansas. I ask unanimous reported by the gentleman from California it consent to have taken from the Speaker's table will probably receive the same favorable conSenate bill No. 355, authorizing the construc

sideration that this has received. I will say tion of a bridge across the Missouri river upon that the cases which have been submitted to the military reservation at Fort Leavenworth, the committee by the gentleman from Ohio are Kansas.

not cases deserving the favorable consideration No objection was made; and the bill was of the committee; and so long as such cases taken from the table and read a first and second come before us, and so long as the Committee time.

on Commerce shall be constituted as it now is, The question was upon ordering the bill to the gentleman from Ohio must expect that be read a third time.

adverse reports will be made. Mr. CLARKE, of Kansas. I yield to the reported is one which would fairly come within gentleman from Missouri [Mr. Loan] to offer the provisions of the act of 1852, if the vessel an amendment.

had been wrecked on our coast. In point of Mr. LOAN. I move to amend the bill by | fact, much more than the amount called for by adding to it the following:

that statute has been expended upon the vessel,

which was an abandoned vessel, not a wreck. SEC. —. And be it further enacted, That it shall be lawlul for the St. Joseph and Denver City Railroad In other respects, the case would fairly come Company, a corporation created by the laws of the within the purview of that statute. Stite of Kansas, to build a bridge over and across the Mr. SPALDING. In reply to the gentleMi-souri river at St. Josph, Missouri; and all the rights and privileges conferred by sections one, two,

man from Massachusetts [Mr. Eliot] I will say four, and five, of this act are hereby extended, so far that I cannot tell whether the cases which have as they are applicable to the St. Joseph and Denver

been referred by me to the Committee on ComCity Railroad Company, and the restrictions, limitations, and conditions contained in said sections are

merce deserve the favorable consideration of hereby made applicable to said company.

that committee; but I do say that they deserve The amendment was agreed to.

the favorable consideration of all men of patriotThe bill, as amended, was then read the

ism and good sense. third time, and passed.

Mr. ELIOT. In the judgment of my most Mr. CLARKE, of Kansas, moved to recon

excellent and excitable friend from Ohio. sider the vote by which the bill was passed;

The joint resolution was passed. and also moved that the motion to reconsider

Mr. AXTELL moved to reconsider the vote be laid on the table.

by which the joint resolution was passed ; and The latter motion was agreed to.

also moved that the motion to reconsider be

laid on the table.
HAWAIIAN BRIG VICTORIA.

The latter motion was agreed to.
Mr. AXTELL, by unanimous consent, re-

SINKING FUND.
ported from the Committee on Commerce a
joint resolution (H. R. No. 331) to authorize

Mr. PHELPS, by unanimous consent, subthe issue of an American register to the Ha

mitted the following resolutions, which were waiian brig Victoria ; which was read a first

laid on the table, and ordered to be printed : and second time.

Resoloed, That the Committee of Ways and Means The question was upon ordering the joint

are bereby instructed to report for the action of the

House a bill to carry into immediate effect the fifth resolution to be engrossed and read a third section of the act of 1862, February 25, providing that time.

the coin received for duties on imports shall, after

paying interest on bonds and notes, be applied to the The joint resolution, which was read, directs

purchase or payment of one per cent. of the entiro the Secretary of the Treasury to issue an Amer- debt of the United States within each fiscal year, to ican regis to the derelict Hawaiian brig

be set apart, with the accruing interest, as a siuking

fund. Victoria, said vessel being now owned by a 2. That the said committee are also instructed to citizen of San Francisco, California.

provide in said bill for the establishment of a board The joint resolution was then ordered to be

of commissioners of the sinking fund, to be composed

of the Secretary of the Treasury, the Vice President engrossed and read a third time; and being of the United States, and the Spealer of the House of engrossed, it was accordingly read the third Representatives, whose duty it shall be, without additime.

tional compensation, to make from time to time such

lawful rules and regulations as may be necessary for The question was upon the passage of the the management of said sinking fund. bill.

3. That said committee are further instructed to Mr. LYNCH. I hope some reason will be provide in said bill that all money which may accrue

from taxes that may be inposed upon the bonds or given why this joint resolution should be passed.

coupons of the public debt shall be, from time to Mr. AXTELL. This is a Hawaiian brig time, appropriated to the increment of the sinking

within ten days preceding said date, designate, with- bers." I have heard that phrase before. We be elected it will become his duty, and no gen. out regard to seniority, the best six brigadier generals to remain in commission; and the others shall

have been told that we conquered the South tleman upon this floor can characterize this be inustered out of the servies of the United States

by the “brutal force of numbers." We estab- | amendment as partisan in spirit. And let me at suid date, or within ten days thereafter.

lished great political right of freedom to all men say further, that while I desire this reduction Mr. GARFIELD. I trust that arendment by the brutal force of numbers, and by the of the Army and believe that it should be made will be voted down; and I will say a few words,

brutal force of numbers I trust we are to pro- 28 promptly as it can be made, I am satisfied as a good many meinbers are now here who tect ourselves from unnecessary expense. It that this difference between my amendment were not present last evening. The purpose is agreed that these officers are not needed now, and the amendment of the gentleman from of the committee is not to strike downı abso- yet this bill provides that they shall remain in Massachusetts, which postpones the muster-out lutely any Army officers. The amendments their places useless so long as they and each | for three months, is not a fault, but is rather a proposed by the gentleman from Wisconsin of them shall live, because it is invidious to merit in my amendment. I hope, therefore, [Mr. Paiva) and the gentleman from Massa

make any discrimination

among
them.

the House will accept it, not as a compromise chusetts (Mr. BuTien] muster out oflicers ab- Now, the amendment of my friend from Wis. between the committee and the gentleman from solutely, reducing them to a greater extent consin, which I am bound to renew, but which | Massachnsetts, but as a measure which on the perhaps than the Committee on Military Af- I hope will be voted down, puts that over till | whole will come nearer to meeting the views fairs deem necessary, beginning with major next March for the action of the President who of all Representatives of both parties on this generals and going down to the lowest grade. shall be chosen. That is speculating on the door, and will at the same time seeure to the It seems to me it we undertake this kind of chances of the election. Now, I propose that | greatest degree practicable one object which policy we will inaugurate invidious legislation. these men shall be mustered out after six the committee themselves have in view, by It puts it upon the President of the United months and that the General of the Army shall | avoiding undue rigor of treatment toward ibe States to take the list of ten brigadier generals, select those who, in his judgment, are the best oflicers mustered out. some of the most distinguished generals ever officers. Every general in the Army has had Mr. GARFIELD. By agreement last night in our Army, and select four who are not the to do this very thing during the war. We had it was arranged that a vote should be taken best and order them to be mustered out abso- to consolidate regiments, and there were sent to-day ou the amendment of the gentleman lutely. That is an invidious and difficult task down orders mustering out the supernumerary from Massachusetts [Mr. BUTLER] to the fourth to impose upon any President of the United oflicers. It is invidious, I agree, but it is ne. Section, to reduce the number of major genStates. Every one mustered out is to be mus- cessary to get rid of these officers in some way, erals from that provided in the bill. I suggest tered ont upon the express condition that he is and I know no better way than this to do it. that we go back and take that vote now, be. not ranked among the best brigadier generals [Here the hammer fell.]

cause our determination on that will probably in the service. It puts a stain, and it cannot

Sr. PAINE. I renew the amendment. influence the vote of the House on this question. be otherwise, upon the name and honor of The SPEAKER. The Chair will state that Mr. PAINE. I must object. We can go every man who is mustered out. If the present it requires the consent of the House to with- back and reconsider if it shall become neces. President should be in power, and he should draw an amendment. If there is no objection sary. act on political grounds, then this side of the the amendment will be considered as with- The SPEAKER. The Chair would state to House would have good reason to feel aggrieved | drawn, and the gentleman from Wisconsin [Mr. the gentleman from Ohio that as the House is at his action. If, on the other hand, a Presi- | PAINE] will now renew it.

considering the bill in Committee of the Whole dent should bein power who was a Republican, Mr. PAINE. I quite agree with my friend a motion to reconsider is not now in order. and should do the same, this side of the llouse from Massachusetts as to the main principles When the bill is finished it will then be in the would feel justly aggrieved. I am unwilling involved in his amendment; that is to say, same condition as if reported from the Comto go into these political distinctions. I am that there should be a reductiou in the Army, mittee of the Whole, and then the motion to unwilling to put upon the President of the carrying along with it a reduction of the num- reconsider will be in order. A motion to reconUnited States a task so invidious as to declare ber of brigadier generals. But I differ with sider is not in order while the bill is being per who are not the best brigadier generals in a him on three points, for ny amendment con- fected in Committee of the Whole. list of ten. Therefore, I trust the amendment tains three points which distinguish it from Mr. PAINE. I withdraw my objectiou 10 will be voted down. his.

the suggestion of the gentleman from Ulio Mr. PAINE. I withdraw the amendment. In the first place I intrust to the President that a vote shall be taken first on the amend.

Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. I renew of the Uvited States the power and impose ment to the fourth section. it. Now, Mr. Speaker, this is a very import- upon him the duty of selecting the four briga. The SPEAKER. Then if there be unali. ant matter, and I ask the attention of the House dier generals who shall be mustered out of the mous consent the vote of last night agreeing for a moment. The whole question is, shall service ; whereas he intrusts that power to and to the amendment to the fourth section will be we reduce the Army, or shall it not be reduced ? imposes that duty upon the General of the reconsidered. Is there objection? The Chair The bill of the committee provides that there Army.

hears none, and the question recurs on the shall be no reduction in the number of gene- In the next place, by my amendment, I ex. amendment of the gentleman from Massachurals until it is accomplished by death or resig- tend the period of time for which these officers setts [Mr. BUTLER] to the fourth section, to nation, or by dismissal for cause.

sball hold their commissions three months strike out all after the enacting words and anxious there should be a reduction of this beyond the time allowed by his amendment. insert what the Clerk will read. Army, and I wish to begin with the generals. In the third place I require the President of The Clerk read as follows: The amendment I offered puts it in the hands the United States to select as those who shall

There shall hereafter be but three major generals; of the General to select. I am content it shall be retained, the best officers of this grade. and the officers who shall retain their commissions be done by lot, if you please, or in any other Now, to begin with the last distinction. I am

as such shall be designated by the General of the way to justly and fairly get rid of them when surprised that the chairinan of the committee

Army without regard to seniority, and all others

shall be mustered out of service on the 1st day of they are not wanted by the country. They should make this a ground of objection to my January next. cost, each one of them with his complement, amendment. Why does he desire that the Mr. PAINE. I desire to offer an amend. $20,000 every year; and they are to be im- President should be authorized and required

ment to the amendment, which I send to the posed upon the country when the committee arbitrarily to select these brigadier generals Clerk's desk. themselves say some of them are useless, and continue them in the Army without ref- Mr. GARFIELD. I make the point of because they provide in their bill for less than erence to their qualifications or merits? Is order that an amendment to the amendment is eight; and ihe House last night agreed to the he unwilling that this question of qualifica- not now in order. Last night it was greed amendment to strike down the major generals tion and merit shall be examined? Does he that the amendment of the gentleman from to three out of five. This is in exactly the say that it touches the honor of these officers Massachusetts (Mr. Butler) should be voted same proportion. I say again I am willing that they should be mustered out on an adverse

on to-day, but I do not understand that it is they should be struck out by lot; but I thought I decision as to their qualifications? Will he amendable. it was best to allow the selection to be done have them retained simply because they are Mr. PAINE. The gentleman seems to have by the General of the Army.

senior in rank? Why, sir, I am amazed at the forgotten what he asked the House to assent Now, sir, when you pass this so-called bill to principle involved in that objection to my to. The amendment of the gentleman froin reduce the Army you pass what, in myjndgment, | amendment. It strikes at the root of the effi- Massachusetts was adopted last night. is an "electioneering dodge and nothing else. || ciency of the Army. I can conceive of no Mr. GARFIELD. With the understanding Talk about reducing! Why, sir, you have not more salutory provision on this subject than that the vote should be taken this morning reduced a man until you come to the privates, one which requires the President to select the because there was not a quorum. I desire to and you do not in fact reduce any there. The best men among these generals and continue know if it is in order for the gentleman from simple question is, are we in earnest? If we them in office.

Wisconsin now to offer to amend the amend: are not then we will vote to keep these men in. Sir, I believe that it would appear in vidious;

ment which was to be submitted to a vote of Otherwise strike them outin some way or other, that it would have a partisan aspect if we the House this morning. because the committee agree they are not should intrust this matter to the General of

Mr. PAINE. I make no such proposition, wanted and the country agree they are not the Army. It would impose upon him a duty | except as I supposed in accordance with the wanted. The question is, is there any way to which we ought not to require him to perform. | suggestion of the gentleman. I understood get rid of them?

If, on the other hand, we impose the duty upon I want for a moment to recur to what was

the gentleman to desire an amendment of th's the President of the United States, to be

kind to be ofl'ered to the fourth section at this said by the chairman of the committee last even- formed after the next presidential election, || time, because it comes before the fifth section, ing on this topic. He said he would never con- then if one candidate shall be elected it will be sent to do this by the mere brutal force of num-.ll come his duty, and if the other candidate shall

If the gentleman objects to the amendment I have offered I will withdraw it.

I am very

Mr. GARFIELD. I understood the gen. of Mr. Paine to the amendment of Mr. Bu tleman to move to amend the pending emend. LER, of Massachusetts, to the fifth section. ment to the major general section. It is upon Mr. GARFIELD. This is the same amend that amendment to the amendment that I make ment in principle as the one just adopted my point of order.

the fourth section relating to brigadier gen The SPEAKER. The Chair will state the erals instead of to major generals. I wil condition of this question. Last night, the therefore not oppose this amendment. House being thin, the gentleman from Ohio The amendment to the amendment was the [Mr. GARFIELD] asked consent that the vote | agreed to; and the amendment, as amended, be taken upon the amendment of the gentleman was then agreed to. from Massachusetts (Mr. BUTLER] to the fourth The next section was then read, as follows: section when the House was full. The Chair

Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That any vacancies responded to that suggestion that a motion to which may hereafter occur in the office of Adjutant reconsider could be made, bringing the whole General Quartermaster General, Commissary General subject again before the House. The matter

of Subsistence, chief of ordnance, chief of engineers,

Paymaster General, Surgeon General, or Bureau of passed over on that statement.

Military Justice, shall be filled by the appointment or Mr. PAINE. Then I insist upon my amend- assignment of an officer who shall have the rank, pay, ment to the amendment.

and allowances of a colonel of cavalry. And all laws The SPEAKER. The Chair has not con

and parts of laws authorizing the appointment of any

officer of a higher grade than colonel in any of said cluded his statement.

offices shall cease and determine on the occurrence Mr. PAINE. I beg pardon; I did not intend

of a vacancy in each respectively. to interrupt the Chair.

Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. I move The SPEAKER. This morning, by unani to amend by striking out after the word "that’' mous consent, the vote by which the amend. where it first occurs the words “any vacanment to the fourth section was adopted was cies which may hereafter occur in;' and by reconsidered. The fourth section, therefore, adding at the end of the section the following: is again before the House, and like every other Providerl, That in the offices abovenamed the section is open to amendment. And the gen. present incumbents may continue therein at the lasttleman from Wisconsin [Mr. Paire) proposes

inentioned rank and pay; and the whole number of

officers serving in the aboveuamed staff departto amend the substitute offered by the gentle- ments shall be reduced one half, the officers retained man from Massachusetts, [Mr. Butler,] by to be designated by the General of the Army. striking it all out and inserting what will be So that the section will read, as follows: read by the Clerk.

That the office of Adjutant General, Quartermaster The Clerk read as follows:

General, Commissary General of Subsistence, chief That after the 31st day of March, 1869. there shall

of ordnance, chief of engineers, Paymaster Genbe only three major generals, and the President shall,

eral, Surgeon General, or Bureau of Military Juswithin ten days preceding said date, designate with

tice, shall be filled by the appointinentor assignment out regard to seniority the best three major generals

of an officer who shall have the rank, pay, an't allowto remain in commission; and the others shall be

ances of a colonel of cavalry; and all laws and parts mustered out of the service of the United States on

of laws authorizing the appointment of any officer said date, or within ten days thereafter.

of a higher grade than colonel in any of said offices

shall cease and determine on the occurrence of a Mr. GARFIELD. I move that debate on vacancy in each, respectively: Provided, That in the this section be now closed.

offices above named the present incumbents may con

tinue therein at the last-mentioned rank and pay; The motion to close debate was agreed to. and the whole number of officers serving in the The question was then taken upon the amend

above-named staff departments shall be reduced one

half, the officers retained to be designated by the ment of Mr. PAINE to the amendment of Mr. General of the Army. BUTLER, of Massachusetts; and it was agreed to. Mr. GARFIELD. I ask the gentleman to

The question was upon the amendment, as withdraw for the present the last clause of his amended.

amendment, reading as follows: Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois, and Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts, called for the

And the whole number of officers serving in the

above-named staff departments shall be reduced one yeas and nays.

half; the officers retained to be designated by the The yeas and nays were ordered.

General of the Army. The question was then taken; and it was The committee propose to offer hereafter a decided in the affirmative-yeas 79, nays 43, not new section regulating in detail this whole subvoting 76 ; as follows:

ject of the staff corps. If the gentleman will YEAS-Messrs. Allison, Ames, Arnell, Axtell, Ba- waive for the present that part of his amendker, Banks, Beatty, Benton, Boles, Brooks, Benja- ment we can, if it should be necessary, return min F. Butler, Sidney Clarke, Coburn, Cook, Cullom,

to this section. Deweese, Donnelly, Ela, Eldridge, Ferriss, Fields, French, Getz, Glossbrenner, Golladay, Grover, Ham

Mr. BUTLER, of Massachusetts. Very ilton, Hopkins, Hulburd, Hunter, Johnson, Alex- || well; I will withdraw for the present the last ander H. Jones, Judd, Julian, Kelsey, Kitchen,

clause of my amendment. Knott, Koontz, George V. Lawrence, William Lawrenco, Loan, Logan, Loughridge, Marshall, McCar

Mr. Speaker, the amendment I have offered thy, McClurg, McKee, Miller, Moore, Morrell, Mul- is designed to bring down, if we can, all these ling, Mungen, Niblack, Paine, Perham, Peters, Price, Roots, Ross, Sawyer, Scofield, Sbanks, Smith,

brigadier generals to the rank of colonels, so Stokes, Taber, Taffe, Thomas, Lawrence S. Trimble, far as their pay and allowances are concerned. Trowbridge, Upson, Van Aernam, Burt Van Horn, Before the war there never was any brigadier Van Trump. Ward, Henry D. Washburn, Welker, William Williams, John T. Wilson, and Windom-79.

general in the office of Adjutant General, QuarNAYS--Messrs. Anderson. Archer, Delos R. Ashley, termaster General, Commissary General, chief Baldwin, Blair, Boutwell, Boyer, Bromwell, Cary, of ordnance, chief of engineers, Paymaster Churchill, Cobb, Dawes, Dixon. Driggs, Eliot, Gar

General, Sargeon General, or in the Bureau field, Griswold, Hawkins, Higby, Hooper, Chester D. lubbard, Mallory, Marvin, Maynard, O'Neill,

of Military Justice. In the present establishPhelps, Pile, Plants, Poland, Pomeroy, Raum, Rob- ment these officers are all brigadier generals. ertson, Schenck, Sitgreaves, Spalding, Starkweather, Stewart, Stone, Twichell, Elibu B. Washburne, Wil

This amendment is designed to bring them liam B. Washburn, Thomas Williams, and James F.

down to the rank and pay of colonels. If the Wilson-43.

amendment should be adopted another amend. NOT VOTING-Messrs. Adams, James M. Ashley, Bailey, Barnes, Barnum, Beaman, Beck, Benjamin,

ment will be necessary to bring down the colBingham, Blaine, Broomall, Buckland, Burr, Rod

onels in the same manner; and such an amenderick R. Butler, Cake, Chauler, Reader W. Clarke, ment has already been prepared by the gentleCornell, Covode. Delano, Dodge, Eckley, Eggleston,

man from Wisconsin, (Mr. PAINE] But it is Farnsworth, Ferry, Finney, Fox, Gravely, Haight, Halsey, Harding, Hill, Hinds, Holman, Hotchkiss, first necessary to bring down these eight brigaAsahel W.Hubbard, Richard D. Hubbard, Humphrey, dier generals to the rank and pay of colonels. Ingersoll, Jenckes, Thomas L. Jones, Kelley, Kerr,

Mr. GARFIELD. The amendment offered Ketcham, Laflin, Lincoln, Lynch, McCormick, MoCullough. Merçur. Moorehead, Morrissey, Myers, | by the gentleman from Massachusetts [Mr. Newcomb, Nicholson, Nunn, Orth, Pike, Polsley, | BUTLER) is somewhat different in principle Pruyn, Randall, Robinson, Selye, Shella

barger, Aaron F.Stevens, Thaddeus Stevens, Taylor, John Trimble,

from any other of the propositions which he Van Auken, Robert T. Van Horn, Van Wyck, Cad- has offered. It provides in effect that these walader. C. Washburn, Stephen F. Wilson, Wood, l eight officers, now holding the grade of brigaWoodbridge, and Woodward-55.

dier general, according to law, may all continne So the amendment to the amendment was

in office, provided they shall hereafter be only agreed to.

colonels. In other words, it proposes to de. The question recurred upon the amendment ll grade-I use the word of course, in its etymo

40TH Cong. 2D SESS.No. 249.

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