Obrazy na stronie


LEGISLATIVE, ETC., APPROPRIATION BILL. through and take the chances for the time being really does desire to play the economist, as it

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. House bill of conducting the foreign relations of the Gov- is pretty evident to my mind that he does, No. 605 is before the Senate, and the Senator

ernment; and when it shall turn out that it is here is an opportunity for him. He has been from New York is entitled to the foor.

necessary to have a lawyer in Mr. Smith's here now I think about a year, and I have Mr. CONKLING. Mr. President, if every

place, if they can get a good one, and there is heard him discuss a great many subjects, but Senator has counted those pension bills he

really use for him, I shall then follow the Sena. I think economy is his theme. As to the final will be in a condition, I hope, to receive the tor from Massachusetts in voting for the appro result of all, he comes down to that; that is remaining suggestion which I was going to priation which may be necessary; and when the ri traia,


" If he wishes to make in reference to the superintendent of

we are not able to take a sufficient account of economize, let me tell him what he can do. statistics in the State Department. The Sen- stock in the State Department, without having Let him take the hint which I have already ator from Nevada, [Mr. Nye,] I think, has,

a Bureau of Statistics there, or a Bureau of Sta. given. This very bill provides an appropriaas I have, an old-time acquaintance with the tistics floating somewhere else in space on the tion of $33,000 for clerks of committees of this incumbent of this place, and I inquired of that ) spinning disc of some planet or other, if it is not body-private secretaries to Senators. The Senator a moment since if he knew how long there, then I shall follow the Senator from honorable chairman of the Committee on Apit was since this gentleman had been within Massachusetts in voting for that, too; but as I propriations took great pains to insert in italics the District of Columbia, or in the city of

stand with the chairman of the committee near an appropriation of $2,200 for a clerk to the Washington, and he mentioned an occasion me and looking at me occasionally, I hardly see Committee on Appropriations. I do not say two years ago on which he knew of his being bow I can retreat from agreeing to this report;

that it is not necessary. here, and mentioned some other information and upon the whole, with all the courage I have, I know the other House of Congress originwhich had been given him in regard to him, I shall stand up and vote when my name is ates all these appropriation and we have as to where he usually was, which, if be deems called to try the experiment once of reducing only to receive them as they come from there; it worth while, he can state to the Senate. a little the expenditures of the State Depart but probably a clerk is necessary to that com. He did not state to me particularly what it ment.

mittee at an expense of $2,200. It struck me, I was unable to remember any occasion Mr. DIXON. Mr. President, the Senator however, that when the chairman of that com. 80 recent as that when I had known of the from New York (Mi. CoxKLING] spoke of the mittee was depriving the President of the Unipresence of the incumbent of this place at the luxury of listening to the debates of this body ted States of a secretary he might have been seat of Government. I have known of his when led by the Senator from Massachusetts willing to do a little clerical work himself; but being elsewhere. I do not mean “elsewhere? (Mr. SUMNER) and the Senator from Maine, | still I do not say, nor do I believe, that a secin the sense in which that word has been [Mr. FESSEXDEN.] It is always a luxury to retary or clerk for the Committee on Approemployed sometimes in Congress. [Laugh- me to listen to the Senator from New York; | priations is improper. I only allude to it as ter.) But I have known of his being at a

and seldoni have I ever enjoyed a greater array showing what he deems necessary. distance from the capital, and therefore I ven

of illustration or a more boundless profusion Then there are three other committees that tured to inquire of the Senator from Massa- of vocabulary than that Senator has to-day have $2,200 clerks; and then there is a sweepchusetts in what orbit, geographically or indulged in. He began by telling us what an ing appropriation of $25,000 for clerks of astronomically, this official moved when he ancient soothsayer had said, though I do not committees of this body, and pages and carry. performed his functions. I think it very clear know who that soothsayer was.

alls. But let me tell the Senators that those that he does not discharge the duties of this

Mr. CONKLING. I beg the Senator's par- pages and carryalls are paid for out of another office in Washington, nor is he, in the language don. The soothsayer to whom I referred was appropriation for “ miscellaneous items," and of accredited envoys,

near the Government born and died on the 23d of April, and that day the $25,000 will all go for clerks, and that will of Washington" in any sense, diplomatic or was not a very distant day, looking back by not be sufficient to pay them, because there otherwise. On the contrary, I think the fact centuries. I did not say that he was an ancient are about twenty committee clerks with a salary is that he is habitually at least six hundred soothsayer by any means.

amounting to $1,800 a year, in addition to the miles, as the mails and the people usually go, Mr. DIXON. The Senator referred to a $2,200 clerks. from the place at which this office is attributed soothsayer; and he illustrated liis argument, as Mr. WILSON. No, they are paid by the to him.

he nearly always does, with historical illustra- day. Mr. President, wben we consider that we tions. Then he spoke of what Mr. Burke had Mr. DIXON. This is really an abuse; and have a Bureau of Statistics in the Treasury said, and gave us his definition of patriotism or it is not a small matter, though it may be small Departinent, and when we consider the state loyalty. I supposed he was going to give us in amount. Take the Committee on Contingent of this Bureau of Statistics, if bureau it be, when Dr. Johnson's definition, too.

Expenses of the Senate as an example. When we consider its somewhat peripatetic character, Mr. CONKLING. That was the last I had the honor of being chairman of the comit seems to me very hard to conclude that the refuge of a scoundrel," you know.

mittee I never thought of having a clerk. The Comunittee on Appropriations was called upon Mr. DIXON. I supposed the Senator was Secretary of the Senate is the clerk of that to say that a considerable sum of money, the going to give us that, too. Then he made committee; but now you have given it a sepa: amount necessary to pay the salaries of the other allusions, and finally the Senator charged rate committee clerk. The Secretary of the chief officer and of an assistant, one clerk of me with having interfered with this debate, Senate presents his bills to the Committee on the third class, should at this time be appropri- and informed the Senate who Mr. Smith was. Contingent Expenses, and he keeps the records ated from the Treasury.

When I heard that charge, I supposed of course himself. But now you have appointed a clerk I now come, Mr. President, to a point at which I must be mistaken, but I had no recollection to that clerk-a clerk to the Committee on I am admonished to stop, lest I make some sug- of it. I have known many gentlemen of that contingent Expenses of the Senate! It is a gestion in respect to economy or retrenchment. name; but who this particular individual is I very useful and convenient thing to my friend i think, if I go further, I may say something cannot say:

from New Hampshire, [Mr. Cracix.) He which will be on the confines of that question, But the Senator attacked me with his usual deserves it ; I agree he' ought to have a private and that "gives me pause.". Without ventur: severity-it would have been severe but for his secretary furnished to him, but I do not think ing a suggestion of that kind, without intimat- good nature-because I had ventured to intiing that the Treasury is not bubbling over with mate to the Senate that I thought there was a

he ought to vote against one for Andrew John.

son after having received one for his sole money, and without doubting that we are bound better place, a more seemly and more becom- \l benefit; it is for nobody else's. “diligently to inquire and true presentment make” of every place where we think a little to deprive the President of the United States Manufactures, of which I am a member. It is

Again, take the case of the Committee on more money might advantageously or comfort- of two or three clerks. I found in the bill a

highly proper that my friend from Rhode ably be used, it occurs to me that this particular provision that the President should be stripped Island, (Mr. SPRAGUE, ) the chairman of that point is one of the least tenable of all those of some of his clerical aid, and I ventured to committee, should bave a clerk for the com: have heard recently suggested upon which we say upon that proposition something which did mittee.

The labors of that committee are could manage to get rid of a small sum. On not seem to commend itself to those advocates

arduous. True, we have thus far deferred the contrary, I think, without any time to of economy of whom my friend from New them, and we propose to do so until the end reflect, I could suggest a great many ways in York is the leader and the chief. I find that wbich this money could be thrown away in a they always take some impracticable scheme that we have not been able yet to surmount the manner more justifiable and more plausible of economy, and after having advocated it he infinite Alps that rise before us. tban this. sits down in utter despair because he is unable

commenced or undertaken to do anything, Upon the whole, then, Mr. President, and to advance his scheme. I thought that if there ) though, of course, we shall undoubtedly do having the fear of the Senator from Massachu- was a real, sincere desire to economize the something. Our clerk is there. setts all the time before my eyes, and with the expenses of the Government, it would be more

I do not know why my friend from New trepidation and self-examination which arises fit, more seemly, on the part of the Senate to York does not attack this abuse. It is not from that fact, I think that, having agreed to cut off the clerkships of some of the commit. because he does not know it. Ignorance can this report as a member of the committee, I tees of this body that never meet. I ventured never be pleaded by him as an excuse in regard shall put the best face on it and stand up here to say so, not thinking that I should be attacked

to any abuse under this Government. I have (if

as I have been by my friend from New York, these provisions relative to the State Depart though in a manner which actually makes it may look forward to the time when, having been

wondered whether it is not possible that be ment) Phat a Secretary of State, an Assistant almost agreeable to me, so extremely amusing in the Senate as long, perhaps, as I have hearts Secretary of State, and a chief clerk, a proper and interesting is that Senator that to be his man suitably paid, are enough to squeeze victim is almost a pleasure. If that Senator a clerk himself. I cannot say but that that is

We have not

the reason of his silence on this matter. He pleasure of the Senate to proceed to the con- delegated by the people of the States in that may be waiting for the time when he shall be sideration of the bill which the Senator from instrument? I suppose not. If that be true, chairman of a committee. I cannot suppose Illinois has in charge, the iniportance of which then where is the power of Congress first to that he has overlooked this matter.

I acknowledge, and there is a probability of abrogate and destroy the State government of I confess, Mr. President, that I think the finishing it to-day, so that I shall not have the | Arkansas, and then to pass laws for her recon: attack upon the clerical force at the Executive interruption to-morrow, I shall not object. Is struction, prescribing who of her people shall Mansion is very small business; and I wonder it the purpose of the Senator to finish that bill vote and who shall not vote, and who shall be at it in view of the fact that the Senate thinks to-night?

elected to office and who shall not be? it proper to give to nearly every Senator who Mr. TRUMBULL. I hope we can do so.

If I understand the facts aright, Arkansas has been here two or three years a private sec- Several Senators. Certainly.

some thirty years ago was admitted as a State retary.

Mr. SUMNER. I would ask my friend, the into the Union. According to my recollection, Mr. EDMUNDS. We give one to the Pres- Senator from Maine, if we cannot have a vote she never changed her constitution from the ident. on this pending proposition?

one under which she originally became a State; Mr. DIXON. But here are twenty-four pri. Mr. MORRILL, of Maine. I will allow this but of that fact I do not speak with confidence. vate secretaries to do the legislative business of bill to go over informally for the purpose of

If she changed it, it was but once, and some twenty-four Senators; and does the Senator il taking up the bill referred to by the Senator years before the rebellion broke out, and she suppose that the whole executive business of from Illinois.

never made

any amendment of her constitution this Government is to be performed by the The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The bill

when she went into secession or during the war. President of the United States with four secrewill be passed by informally if there be no

That State called a convention, and that contaries? He has no more secretaries than he

objection. No objection being made the billis vention passed an ordinance of secession, and needs. I care nothing about the question passed by.

the State became a quasi member of the southwhether he shall be deprived of one or more

eru confederacy; and, if I am correctly in.

REPRESENTATION OF ARKANSAS-VETO. secretaries. I cannot positively say that he

formed, the constitution identical in all its needs all that assistance. If the honorable The Senate proceeded to reconsider the bill ll provisions with that which existed in Arkansas chairman of the Committee on Appropriations (H. R. No. 1039) entitled "An act to admit the before the rebellion coulinued to be her constiwill say that there are too many, more than State of Arkansas to representation in Con- tution throughout the whole of the trouble. are needed, I shall defer to this opinion; but gress," with the President's objections thereto. What, then, is the condition of Arkansas. I ventured to say to him that I thought we

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The ques- She went into the rebellion with a constitution might begin nearer home, and I repeat the say: tion is on the passage of the bill, the objections approved of either tacitly or expressly by Con. ing, notwithstanding the speech of my friend

of the President of the United States to the gress, and under which she had continued to from New York.

contrary notwithstanding, on which the ques. be a inember of the Union for a great number I think that if my friend from New York is tion must be taken by yeas and nayg.

of years. She made no change in that constireally sincere in his desire to make himself Mr. DAVIS. Mr. President, it is not my tution. In the course of tiine the rebellion was the champion of economy, as it is evident he

purpose to eater into a lengthy discussion of put down by force of arms, and it found Ark. intends to do, if he wishes to present himself the bill and veto message which are now under ansas in possession of the same constitution to the country as the man who on all occa- consideration. It is a short bill, but I think under which she had lived as a member of the sions, no matter what they may be, in season there was never so much iniquity concentrated United States for many years. But by a conor out of season, shall stand up here and in a bill of this extent.

vention of her people called after the suppresoppose every appropriation which shall be The bill does not purport to be a bill to admit sion of the rebellion, rescinded her ordinance extravagant, there is the place for him to Arkansas as a State into the Union, but it pro- of secession, passed a resolution in which she begin. Ia my judgment he will then have the vides that the State of Arkansas shall be enti- renounced the right of secession, and the Legiscredit of attacking an abuse here in this very | tled and admitted to representation in Congress lature ratified the thirteenth amendment of the body. But no, silent as the grave, that silver as one of the States of the Union upon the constitution abolishing slavery throughout the tonged eloquence of his is never heard upon following fundamental condition : that the United States. More than this, she repudiated anything here. Not a word bas he to say as constitution of Arkansas sball never be so her public debt contracted during the war, and to the question whether private secretaries amended or changed as to deprive any citizen her convention abolished slavery within her shall be furnished to Senators; but when Mr. or class of citizens of the United States of the borders. She has been by various acts passed Peshine Smith, a very respectable gentleman I | right to vote who are entitled to vote by the by Congress recognized as a State of the Union. have no doubt, or when some one that nobody constitution herein recognized, except as a The Supreme Court has heard cases coming ever heard of, is in question, then we hear the punishment for such crimes as are now felonies up from Arkansas, as one of the United States, voice of my friend from New York.

at common law, whereof they shall have been before and since the rebellion. The President He ventures to attack me and the party to duly convicted." That is the whole of the bill. by many acts, in the appointment of marshals, which I belong, of which he says I am a leader. The proposition is that the State of Arkansas collectors, and other United States otlicers in That party is a unit almost in this body, very shall by this bill be admitted to representation | Arkansas, has recognized that State as one of small. He can attack me, and he can attack in the Senate and in the House of Representa. || the States of the Union. the President, who seems to have very few tives. Where does Congress derive any power Here, then, is a State that never changed its friends at this time here in this body. Would to pass such an act? What provision of the constitution and form of government, but did it not have been better, I ask my friend in Constitution aùthorizes this legislation? Ark. attempt to secede from the Union and to good faith, for him to attack a real grievance ansas is either a State in the Union or she is attach itself as a member of the southern and then to acquire the credit and honor he not a State in the Union, but a Territory. If confederacy adhering to precisely the same

Coming from the great State of New she be a State in the Union she is entitled to constitution and government which it had preYork, he might lead in this great foray on the representation in both Houses of Congress by l) viously possessed, and when the rebellion was expenses of the Government. Nobody is better the express provisions of the Constitution), and suppressed rehabilitating itself under the same qualified. I will not dwell upon his capacity; neither Congress nor any other power has the constitution as a member of the United States we have had examples enough to know all authority to deprive her of that right. If Ark- and accepting the conditions that were sug. about it; but if the Senator would follow my ansas is not a State in the Union I suppose gested by the executive department of the Gov. advice on that subject, although of course I the theory of the gentlemen who deny that ernment of the United States; and then being cannot be considered capable of advising him, | proposition must be that she is a Territory of recognized by the official acts of Congress, of and attack a real abuse, I think he would the United States. If she be a Territory, then the Supreme Court, and of the President of the acquire more credit than he otherwise will do. an enabling act ought to be passed to authorize United States as a member of the Union, and

Mr. TRUMBULL. Mr. President, we have her people to form a State constitution with a electing Senators and Representatives to Conjust listened to two very interesting speeches,

view to her admission into the Union as a gress, and sending them up with their credenwhich will undoubtedly lead to many more State.

tials of election, and asking that they be admitupon the same subject; and as there is no Now, sir, if there be any other theory which ted to represent her as one of the United States. probability of getting through this bill to-night, covers the case of Arkansas, my mind has not Sir, I have now in my desk the Governor's and there is an important measure which ought yet comprehended it, nor have I heard it sug. commission of three Senators in Congress from to be acted upou, I hope the Senator from gested by any one. Upon either of these that State, who were elected by her Legislature Maine will not object to my moving to post- | hypotheses, I ask the question, Has Congress after she had thus been recognized by the Gov. pone the further consideration of this bill until any power whatever to legislate upon the sub- ernment of the United States in all its departone o'clock to-morrow, with a view to proceed ject in the form of this bill? If you resort to ments as a member of the Union. Two of these ing to the consideration of the veto message.

constitutional power, there is as much power in commissions have not yet expired. These men Let us dispose of the Arkansas question. Congress to abolish the government of the State presented themselves at the bar of the Senate Mr. SUMNER. I suggest that we get a

of Maine which my honorable friend before me some two or three years ago, and exhibited offi. vote on this proposition.

[Mr. MORRILL) represents with so much ability | cial evidence of their having been chosen as Mr. TRUMBULL. That is the very thing in part in the Senate, and then to pass a law Senators from that State, and demanded, as you cannot do.

to admit the State of Maine to representation || their right and the right of the State, that they Mr. MORRILL, of Maine. It is plain in the two Houses of Congress after having should be admitted to their seats. Now, to my enough that if I yield to all propositions for excluded that representation from other States. mind the simple act of duty and of the soundest delay I shall never be able to pass an appro- Is Congress omnipotent? Has Congress powers || policy was then for the Senate and House of priation bill. At the same time, if it be the outside of the Constitution and that are not Representatives to have permitted the members

40Tu Cong. 2D SESS. --No. 211.


of the two bodies who came here from that State ansas, Louisiana, and Texas with the right the yet free and patriotic people of the other to take their seats. All the other States that of suffrage, or any other political right. States to rescue their race and kindred of the bad been engaged in the rebellion took the Congress has no constitutional or rightful southern States from the degrading and gallsaine course as Arkansas, sent up their Sen- power whatever to abolish the governments of ing chains of political slavery to negroes. "The ators and Representatives, and complied with those States formed by their people who pos. work has begun and is progressing; and when the same conditions to reëstablish proper rela- sessed the political power of the several States at it is completed it will be for their

enfranchised tions with the Government of the United States. the time ; or to substitute provisional military brothers in the full restoration and enjoyment All that was necessary to have now a perfect governments in their stead; or to authorize a of all their constitutional liberties, rights, and union of all the States, and their full participa- 1 part of the white people and the negroes of those powers, to decide for themselves whether or tion in all their rights under the Government States to form other governments for them; not they will confer on the negro population of the United States, was simply for the two and the governnients set up, or about to be set of their respective States any or what extent Houses to have admitted their Senators and up, by the usurped power of Congress, through of suffrage. Representatives.

the instrumentality of their negro population, The Caucasian is the highest type of man, Mr. President, I do not believe that Congress and the General and Army of the United States, and its vast and rapidly increasing numbers had any legitimate power to take a contrary and by the detrusion of the President and the in the United States recoil with instinctive course. Congress for the last two or three Supreme Court, are utterly null and void. disgust and horror from the idea of amalgamayears has been engaged largely in, abolishing The free white people of the United States tion with the megro, the lowest race, and the State governments, in denying to them the will not allow the ignorant and stolid negroes national weakness and degradation it would admission of their representatives in the two òf those ten States, and the white adventurers produce; the examples of Mexico and the Houses of Congress, in excluding the presiden: ) who managed them, to appoint a President. countries of South America powerfully confirm tial functions and power from these States, and The electors chosen under the authority of the the teachings of their irrepressible instincts. superseding it by the power of Congress, rep | spurious and burlesque governments recently This white race is also fully impressed with resented by the General of the armies and his set up in those States, backed and supported this truth, that if five millions of negroes are subordinates, and expelling the courts, United by whatever power, will not be counted in the allowed to dwell in one third of the States, if States and State, and superseding them by mil- next presidential election.

there is to be any permanent peace between itary tribunals.

I will present this position in a more striking the races, the negro must occupy that lower Mr. President, all the legislation of Con- point of view. There are in all the States and subordinate position in which he was gress in relation to the southern States and three hundred and seven electoral votes. The placed by their Creator. Their entranchisetheir reconstruction, as it is termed, bas to Radical party and their candidate, General ment from personal slavery, and their investbeen the most fagitious usurpation of power. Grant, and the Army, will not suffer the legiti- | inent of all civil rights, are not incompatible There is not a shadow of authority for it in the mate governments in the ten southern States with the welfare of either race. But wholly Constitution. But, Mr. President, I am not to choose electors; and those chosen by their | incapable of any well ordered self-government going extensively into this subject. I rejoice negro governments, numbering seventy, being as the negro is, in any condition from primi. to think that the terrible reign and rule of rad- excluded, will leave two hundred and thirty- tive barbarism to any stage of civilization which icalism draws to a close, and the restoration of seven, and one bundred and nineteen will be

he can attain, his association with the white the Constitution and the Union, of law, order, required to elect a President. The conserva. man in the exercise of political power would and liberty, approaches in the distance, and tive candidate will probably receive the elec- introduce a great disturbing element, and be before another year has passed away will have toral vote of California, Connecticut, Delaware, | productive of various and grave disorder and composed the passions engendered and healed Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, New | evil; 'and with his efforts to obtain social the wounds inflicted by the great civil war and Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oregon, and Penn: I equality would produce conflicts that would made us again one people. Before the forma | sylvania, making an aggregaie of one hundred result in the destruction of the negro, or his tion of the Constitution each State was a dis- and thirty-eight.

expulsion from the country, or his reduction tinct and independent political sovereignty and If the Radical candidate were to receive the to a quasi slavery. It would be wisdom for possessed of all the powers of a nation. The vote of all the other States, which is not prob. the African race who inhabit our country, to people of the several States voluntarily formed able, excluding those chosen by negro govern- ask the white race to guaranty to them equal the Government of the United States by relin: ernments, he would have ninety-nine electoral civil rights, and to decline, expressly and wholly, quishing a portion of their sovereignty and votes, or thirty-nine less than the conservative political rights and social equality. Upon this powers and organizing them into a common candidate; but add to the vote of General Grant | platform the negro would generally find in the governinent by a written Constitution. That the seventy electors chosen by the negro gov. white man a kind and protecting friend; but instrument forms a limited Government, with- ernments of the southern States, and it would on that which he now occupies, and to which out any original, but wholly of delegated make one hundred and sixty nine votes, thirty- le has been beguiled by false friends, he will powers; and has, and can have, no powers one more than the conservative candidate. In always be confronted by a superior race and a wliatever but those which are vested in it by this way the negroes of the ten southern States stern and the express language of the Constitution, or its necessary implication ; and all the sovereignty | people of the United States to elect their Presi

people of the southern States the worst gov. and powers of which the people of the several dent, but would appoint a President for them ernments that now exists in the civilized world, States did not divest themselves and embody in fagitious violation of the Constitution. This governments which organize both despotism in the common Government by the Constitu- || grand enterprise of fraud, force, and usurpa- and anarchy, the true, good, and brave men of tion, were both by implication and the words tion cannot succeed. The candidate for the the United States have other and most import. of one of its provisions, reserved by the States presidency who receives the majority of the ant work to perform. They have to restore and people respectively. Among those retained electoral votes chosen by the free white men is the sovereign and exclusive power of each of the United States will be constitutionally and

our mixed system of State and national Gov

ernments, as the foremost men of all this earth State to make and alter at pleasure its own con- de jure the President, and they will see to it that made it ; each State having equal rights with stitution and form of government, and manage he shall be de facto.

all the others, and the exclusive and recognized its own internal and domestic affairs in any Ambitious, bad, and reckless men will be sovereign power to make and alter at pleasure manner that does not contlict with the Con- met and foiled at the threshold of their further its own constitution and form of government, stitution of the United States. scheme to force negro suffrage on the other

and to manage its own domestic affairs in harThe Constitution and Government of the States, at a more convenient season, by the mony with the Constitution of the United United States may be dissolved and brought | agency of a President and members of Cou

States; and the Government of the United to an end by the consent of the people of the gress chosen by negro governments, constructed States to be restricted to the regulation of several States, or by successful revolution; || partly for that purpose.

affairs between the United States and foreign and it exists in perpetuity until terminated in Those governments are no more obligatory | Governments, and among the several States

, one of those modes; but the States, with their upon the white people whom they oppress, or and to be supreme within the sphere of its governments, exist in absolute perpetuity, with to be respected by all good and true citizens, constitutional powers. the power and riglit of self-government in their than if they had been set up by the Emperor The liberties of the people are founded upon people, under the Constitution of the United of France or the Queen of Great Britain; the the States, the exclusive power of their people States, which they can never alienate or for power that foisted thein upon an erring, gal. to make their own governments and laws upon seit, and of which they cannot be divested but lant, subjugated, penitent, but proud and pro- their reserved sovereignty and rights; and the by conquest or revolution.

testing people, was no less alien and illegiti stability, strength, and security of the whole The most essential constituent of this sov.

mate for that purpose.

Those governments

system is imparted by the due execution of the ereign and reserved power of self-government must be heaved off from their crushed victims, by the States is the right to confer upon or to or their enslavement will be the precursor of

powers with wliich the people of the several

States invested the General Government by withhold suffrage and all other political rights the fate of all the other white people of the the Constitution. In our vast country liband powers from any portion of their people United States. So many of them cannot be

erty can be secured only by the States, their who did not possess them when the constitu- enslaved, and the others continue long to be

governments, and the inviolabilty of their tion was adopted.

free; but they must be delivered from slavery, Congress has no constitutional or rightful and freedom for all be provided with better bility, and strength only by the Government

reserved sovereignty and rights; peace, sta: power whatever to invest the negro population guaranties.

of the United States, administered in conof Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Prudence and their own safety, as well as

formity and subordination to the Constitution. Florida, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Ark! ll justice, magnanimity, and fraternity call upon Il The adjustment of powers, which the Consti

would's Hot only defeat the efforts of elite white stebut besides sweeping away forever from the



tution made between the States and the Uni- Mr. CONNESS. I move that the Senate

MARY II ASSETT. ted States, has been essentially, almost fatally, proceed to the consideration of executive busi- Mr. STOKES introduced a joint resolution disorganized by the Radical party. The dini

(H. R. No. 302) for the relief of the heirs of cult but imperative duty of every true and Mr. HOWARD. I move that the Senate

Mary Lassett, of the State of Alabama; which enlightened patriot is to combine and struggle | adjourn.

was read a first and second time, and referred together until it is restored.

The motion was agreed to; and the Senate to the Committee of Claims. They have to crush out the fell spirit of rad. adjourned.

RELIEF FRON POLITICAL DISABILITIES. icalism from the whole land. They have to gather up and reconstruct the broken frag.


Mr. COBURN introduced a bill (H. R. No. ments of the Constitution, and restore in har

Monday, June 22, 1868.

1291) to provide for the relief from disabilities mony, autbority, and power our great charter

of certain persons who have been engaged in of government and liberty. They have to The House met at twelve o'clock m.

rebellion ; which was read a first and second erect other defenses against the encroach- The reading of the Journal of Saturday's tine, referred to the Committee on Reconstrucing and usurping tendencies inherent in Con- ll proceedings was, by unanimous consent, dis- tion, and ordered to be printed. gress, and to restore the Presidency and the il pensed with.

INDEPENDENCE OF CRETE. Supreme Court to the possession and exercise The SPEAKER. This being Monday, the of the important powers and functions which first business in order is the call of the States

Mr. SHANKS introduced a joint resolution that dominating department has, for the time, and Territories for bills and joint resolutions

(H. R. No. 303) for the recognition of the wrested from them. They have to take addi: for reference to their appropriate committees, independence of Crete; which was read a first tional guarantees that the Governments of the not to be brought back into the House by a

and second time, and referred to the CommitUnited States and the States shall move witb. motion to reconsider, commeucing with the tee on Foreign Affairs : out collision in their respective orbits, as State of Maine.

By unanimous consent the joint resolution described by the Constitution; and that the

was ordered to be printed in the Globe, as fol.

lows: Supreme Court shall always promptly execute Mr. PIKE introduced a bill (H. R. No.

Be it resolved by the Senate and House of Representaits great conservative power of deciding ques- 1285) to repeal an act concerning the register. tives, dc., That the civilization of this age calls for the tions of conflict of jurisdiction between them. ing and recording of ships or vessels, approved most liberal forms of government among men; that They have to recover those priceless rigbts and December 21, 1792, and for other purposes ;

it is the privilege and the duty of this Government

to foster in every just and proper way the rise and liberties of person, propery, self-government, which was read a first and second time, referred

progress of free institutions whicrever the people are and pursuit of happiness which are the chiet to the Committee on Naval Affairs, and ordered compotent to maintain the same; that the people ends of our scheme that have been temporarily to be printed.

of Creto having shown by their long suffering and

Christian forbearapce, by their fortitude, by their betrayed and overthrowu by the faithless sen. DRAWBACK ON SIIP-BUILDING MATERIALS.

devotion and their heroic defenge of their homes, tinels and guards charged with their watch and

their country, and their religion, that they are comdefense, and devise more securities for their

Mr. LYNCH introduced & bill (H. R. No. petent to maintain a free government, it is the duty enjoyment against the assault of internal ene. 1280) to allow drawback on articles used in of the United States to recognize them as freo and

independent. mies and the perversion of power by govern. the construction of vessels; which was read a

ANDREW J, GRAY. mental officials. first and second time, and referred to the Com

Mr. HOLMAN introduced a bill (H. R. No. I have given but a sketch of the great and

mittee on Commerce. most interesting work that has to be under

1292) to increase the pension of Andrew J.

FUNDING THE NATIONAL DEBT. taken by all our countrymen who are worthy

Gray; which was read a first and second time,

Mr, KELSEY introduced a bill (H. R. No. and referred to the Comınittee on Invalid of their beritage of liberty and constitutional

1287) to provide for funding the national debt Pensions. government. Until it is performed they have

and for taxing the interest-bearing bonds here: COAL-TAR AND GAS-LIGHT COMPANY. no stable government, no liberty, no security

after issued by the United States, and for of person or property. The accomplishment other purposes; which was read a first and

Mr. INGERSOLL introduced a bill (H. R. of this work is their present, continuing, death

No. 1293) to incorporate the Washington and second time, and referred to the Committee less, immortal mission, passing from sire to

Georgetown Coal-Tar and Gas-Light Conof Ways and Means, and ordered to be printed. Let every true man give to it, if needful, Mr. KELSEY. I hope, Mr. Speaker, that

pany; which was read a first and second time, all the days of his life; and if in that time it is

and referred to the Committee for the District not completed, let him bequeath his part of the the Committee of Ways and Means will con

of Columbia. sider and report on this subject without delay. progressing work to his children, and to his

CITIZENS' GAS COMPANY. children's children, as the inost sacred and


Mr. INGERSOLL also introduced a bill (H. precious of all trusts.

Mr. ROBINSON introduced a joint resolu- R. No. 1294) to incorporate the Citizens' Gas The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The ques- tion (H. R. No. 301) relative to the claim of

time, and referred to the Committee for the of President of the United

first and second time, and referred to the Com- District of Columbia.
contrary notwithstanding.
mittee of Ways and Means.

Mr. HOWE. I wish to state that the Sen-

Mr. BENJAMIN introduced a bill (H. R. ator from Maine (Mr. Morrill) and myself have paired with the Senator from Connec. Mr. MARVIN introduced a bill (H. R. No. No. 1295) granting a pension to William J. ticut

, (Mr. Dixon.] The Senator from Maine | 1288) to aid in the construction of a railroad Cotty, late of the twenty-first Missouri infantry; was obliged to leave the Senate Chamber on

for military and postal purposes through the which was read a first and second time, and account of ill health.

referred to the Committee on Invalid Pensions. If he were here, he and

wilderness of northern New York, from ScheI would vote in the affirmative, and the Sen: nectady to the St. Lawrence river'; which was

POST ROUTE IN IOWA. ator from Connecticut in the negative. read a first and second time, referred to tbe

Mr. LOUGHRIDGE introduced a bill (H. The question being taken by yeas and nays, Committee on Military Affairs, and ordered to

R. No. 1296) to establish a post route from resulted-year 30, nays 7; as follows: be printed.

Buckingham, Iowa, to Laporte City, Iowa, YEAS-Messrs. Chandler, Cole, Conkling, Conness,


which was read a first and second time, and Corbett, Cragin, Edmunds, Forry, Fessenden, Harlan, Howard, Morgan, Morrill of Vermont, Nye. Patter

Mr. HAIGHT submitted a memorial of the referred to the Committee on the Post Office

and Post Roads. or of New Hampshire, Pomeroy. Kamsey, Ross, | Legislature of the State of New Jersey, and Sherman, Sprague, Stewart, Suruner. Tbuyer. Tipton, several thousand citizens of the eastern portion

OCEAN TELEGRAPII CABLE. Trumbull, Van Winkle, Wade, Willey, Wilson, and of said State, asking Congress for an appro- Mr. COBB introduced a bill (H. R. No. NAYS--Messrs. Bayard, Davis. Doolittle, Hen- priation to open an inlet from the head of Bar

1297) to grant the right to lay and land an drieks, McCreery, Patterson of Tennessee, and Sauls- negat bay to the Atlantic ocean, on the New

ocean telegraph cable; which was read a first ABSENT-Messrs. Anthony, Buckalew, Cameron,

Jersey coast, for the preservation of Itte along and second time, and referred to the Com. Cattell, Dixon, Drake, Fowler, Frelinghuysen, Grimes, the coast, to facilitate cominerce, and to pro

mittee on Foreign Affairs. Lienderson, Ilowe, Johnson, Morrill of Maine, Mor- tect Government property from the encroachtun, Norton, Vickers, and Williams-17.

MENDOCIXO RESERVATION. inents of the sea, which was referred to the The PRESIDENT pro tempore. On this Committee on Conimerce.

Mr. HIGBY presented a resolution of the question the yeas are 30, and the nays 7. So

Legislature of the State of California, asking two-thirds of the Senators present having voted


that the Mendocino reservation be abai:doned in the affirmative) the bill is passed, and hav.

Mr. WOODWARD introduced a bill (H. R.

and the land reopened for preëmption; which ing been passed by a similar vote in the other No. 1289) for the relief ot' Edipund W. Wan

was referred to the Committee on Indian House, has become a law, the objections of dell; which was read a first and second time,

Affairs. ihe President of the United States to the conand referred to the Committee on Invalid Pen:

SURVEY OF LANDS IN CALIFORNIA. trary notwithstanding. sions.

Mr. HIGGY also presented a resolution of HOUSE BILL REFERRED.

APPRENTICES IN NAVY-YARD SAIL LOFTs. The joint resolution (H. R. No. 306) to au

the Legislature of the State of California, ask

Mr. O'NEILL introduced a bill (H. R. No. thorize the Secretary of the Treasury to remit 1290) relative to indentured apprentices and ing an appropriation by Congress for surveys

of public lands in said State; which was the duties on certain articles contributed to the apprentices under instructions in the mechan

referred to the Committee on Appropriations. National Association of American Sharp-sboot- | ical shops and sail lofts of vavy-yards ; which ers, was read twice by its title, and referred to was read a first and second time, and referred

LARBOR OF SAN DIEGO. the Committee on Finance. to the Committee on Naval Affairs.

Mr. HIGBY also presented a resolution of the

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Legislature of the State of California, asking

giving rise to debate, goes over under the aid from Congress to improve the harbor of Mr. TAFFE introduced a bill (H. R. No.

rule. San Diego, in that State ; which was referred 1302) to regulate treaties with Indian tribes;

Mr. RAUM. I ask that the joint resolation to the Committee on Commerce. which was read a first and second time, and

be printed.
referred to the Committee on Indian Affairs.

The motion was agreed to.
Mr. HIGBY also presented a resolution of

the Legislature of the State of California, ask-
Mr. TAFFE also introduced a bill (H. R.

Indefinite leave of absence was granted to ing Congress to remit or reduce the tax on No. 1303) to establish certain mail routes in

Mr. VAN A ERNAM. native grape brandy; which was referred to the Committee of Ways and Means.

the State of Nebraska; which was read a first COMMEMORATION OF UNION DEAD.

and second time, and referred to the Commit- Mr. LOGAN submitted the following resoINDIAN DEPREDATIONS IN CALIFORNIA. tee on the Post Office and Post Roads.

lution, upon which be called the previous quesMr. HIGBY also presented a resolution of


tion: the Legislature of the State of California, asking that steps be taken by the General Gov.

Mr. HOOPER, of Massachusetts, introduced

Resolved, That the proceedings of the different

cities, towns, &c., recently held in commemoration ernment to ascertain the losses suffered by citi

a bill (H. R. No. 1304) to remit the duty on a of the gallant heroes who have sacrificed their lives zens of the State in late Indian depredations meridian circle imported as a present for the in defense of the Republic, and the record of the

ceremonial of the decoration of the honored tombs and making indemnity for the same; which was Astronomical Observatory, Cambridge, Massa;

of the departed, shall be collected and bound, under referred to the Committee on Indian Affairs.

chusetts; which was read a first and second the direction of such person as the Speaker shall

time, and referred to the Committee of Ways | designate, for the use of Congress, and that a sum PROTECTION TO FOREIGN-BORN CITIZENS. and Means.

not exceeding $1,000 be appropriated for this purMr. HIGBY also presented a resolution of

pose out of the contingent fund of the House.

ISLANDS IN GREAT MIAMI RIVER. the Legislature of the State of California, ask.

The previous question was seconded and the ing Congress to demand of foreign Govern: Mr. MUNGEN introduced a bill (H. R. No.

main question ordered; and under the opera. ments full and ample protection to our foreign- || 1305) to repeal an act relative to islands in

tion thereof the resolution was agreed to. born citizens while temporarily residing under the Great Miami river, approved March 2,

Mr. LOGAN moved to reconsider the vote those Governments; which was referred to the 1868; wbich was read a first and second time, by which the resolution was agreed to; and Committee on Foreign Affairs. and referred to the Committee on the Public

also moved that the motion to reconsider be Lands.

laid on the table.
Mr. MUNGEN also introduced a joint res.

The latter motion was agreed to.
Mr. HIGBY also presented a resolution of
the Legislature of the State of California, ask-
olution (H. R. No. 304) to suspend action

DAILY HOUR OF MEETING. ing for the establishment of a mail route in

by the General Land Office under the provis-
ions of an act relative to islands in the Great

Mr. NEWCOMB. I submit the following said State ; which was referred to the Com. Miami river, approved March 2, 1868; which

resolution, and upon it call the previous quesmittee on the Post Office and Post Roads,

tion : was read a first and second time, and referred

Resolved, That this House will meet at eleven SOUTHERN PACIFIC RAILROAD. to the Committee on the Public Lands.

o'clock a. m. during the remainder of this session, Mr. HIGBY also presented a resolution of

and that there shall be two mosning hours each day, MONITOR AND MERRINAC.

when it does not condict with the present orders of the Legislature of the State of California, ask

the House in relation to the tax bill. ing Congress to grant the same aid in lands

Mr. GRISWOLD introduced a bill (H. R. and subsidies to the southern Pacific railroad No. 1306) allowing prize money to the officers

The SPEAKER. The latter part of this as have been granted to the Union and Cen. and crew of the Monitor for the fight with the

resolution in relation to morning hours requires tral Pacific railroads; which was referred to Merrimac in Hampton Roads, March 9, 1862;

unanimous consent or a suspension of the rules. the Committee on the Pacific Railroad. which was read a first and second time, and,

A majority vote can fix the hour of meeting. with the accompanying papers, referred to the

Mr. NEWCOMB. Then I move that the CALIFORNIA AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE. Committee on Naval Affairs.

rules be suspended. Mr. HIGBY also presented a resolution of

The SPEAKER. The rules cannot be susthe Legislature of California, asking Congress TRANSPORTATION OF UNITED STATES MAILS.

pended during the morning hour. to allow the State to invest in unencumbered,

Mr. TWICHELL introduced a bill (H. R. Mr. NEWCOMB. Then I modify my resoproductive real estate the proceeds of the one No. 1307) in relation to the transportation of lution so that it shall provide only that the bour hundred and fifty thousand acres of land

United States mails by railroad companies; of daily meeting for ihe remainder of the sesdonated to the State by Congress for the con.

which was read a first and second time, referred sion shall be eleven o'clock a. m. struction of an agricultural and mechanics' to the Committee on the Post Office and Post Mr. MAYNARD. I suggest to the gentle arts college; which was referred to the Com. Roads, and ordered to be printed.

man to modify his resolution so as to provide mittee on Education and Labor.


for evening sessionsinstead of meeting at eleven NAVIGATION OF THE COLORADO RIVER,

o'clock. The SPEAKER. The next business in

Mr. NEWCOMB: We can do both. Mr. HIGBY also presented a resolution of order, during the remainder of the morning the Legislature of the State of California, ask hour, is the call of the States for resolutions, ing

to meet at eleven o'clock until the tax bill

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I am will: ing Congress to aid Captain Trueworthy, of commencing with the State of Indiana, where | shall have been disposed of. But after that San Francisco, to perfect the navigation of the the call rested at the expiration of the mornColorado river, in the Territory of Arizona ; || ing hour on Monday last. No resolution was

we will have very little important business to

attend to; and if we bave too much time we wbich was referred to the Committee on Com. offered from Indiana.

will be left a prey to all sorts of schemes to BRIDGES ACROSS THE MISSISSIPPI AND ONTO. rob the public Treasury. LAND DISTRICTS IN CALIFORNIA. Mr. RAUM introduced a joint resolution

Mr. NEWCOMB. There is a great mass Mr. JOHNSON introduced a bill (H. R. (H. R. No. 305) in respect to the construction

of business before the committees in wbich the No. 1298) to transfer the counties of Sierra of bridges over the Ohio and Mississippi rivers ;

public is interested, and which has not yet and Nevada from the Sacramento land district which was read a first and second time.

been reported. to the Marysville land district; which was read

The question was upon ordering the joint

Mr. BENTON. I move that the resolution a first and second time, and, with the accomresolution to be engrossed and read a third

be laid upon the table. panying papers, referred to the Committee on time.

The motion was agreed to. the Public Lands. Mr. RAUM. I call the previous question


Mr. MCCLURG submitted the following res: Mr. WINDOM introduced a bill (H. R. No. The joint resolution, which was read, pro. 1299) conferring certain rights on settlers on vides that hereafter all bridges to be construct.

olution ; which was read, considered, and

agreed to: the public lands of the United States; which ed, and in process of construction, over the

Resolved, That the Committee on the Public Lands was read a first and second time, and referred Ohio and Mississippi rivers, shall be made be, and hereby are, instructed to inquire into the espe, to the Committee on the Pablic Lands. with unbroken and continuous spans, and the

diency, utility, and public policy of making a liberal span of any such bridge covering the main

grant of land, including the vacant land along the ENTRIES UNDER HOVESTEAD LAW. channel of the river shall be five hundred feet

course of the Osage river in the State of Missouri, for Mr. WINDOM also introduced a bill (H. R.

the improvement of said river. in length in the clear. No. 1300) authorizing repayments in cases of

Mr. MCCLURG moved to reconsider the vote

The question was upon seconding the preillegal entries under the homestead law; which

by which the resolution was agreed to; and was read a first and second time, and referred || ion, there were--ayes 40, noes 44 ; no quorum vious question; and being taken, upon a divis- also moved that the motion to reconsider be

laid on the table.
to the Committee on the Public Lands.

The latter motion was agreed to.

Tellers were ordered ; and Mr. Raum, and
Mr. TRIMBLE of Kentucky, were appointed.

THE PUBLIC DEBT. Mr. ASHLEY, of Nevada, introduced a bill (H. R. No. 1301) to aid in the construction of The House again divided; and the tellers Mr. LOUGHRIDGE. I submit the follow: à railroad and telegraph line from the Hum- reported that there were-ayes 46, noes 62. ing resolution, and upon it I call the previous boldt to the Colorado river; which was read a So the previous question was not seconded. question: first and second time, referred to the Commit. Mr. TRIMBLE, of Kentucky. I desire to Resolved. That in the opinion of this House the tee on the Pacific Railroad, and ordered to be discuss this joint resolution.

interests of the country require that the public debt The SPEAKER. The joint resolution,

should be reorganized and reduced to a simple and printed.

uniform system, more easily understood

by the people


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