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observed, her influence gains in power. All human good is founded in goodness. If the Gospel is the supreme good revealed to the world, and if this Gospel harmonizes best with the feminine nature, and is best exemplified in its purity by the feminine life, giving to the mother's instinctive love a scope, a hope, a support which no religion of human device ever conferred or conceived, then surely God has, in applying this Gospel so directly to her nature, offices, and condition, a great work for the sex to do. “ Christ was made of a woman;" woman must train her children for Christ. Is this an inferior office ?

Wherever the Bible is read, female talents are cultivated and esteemed. In this “Record” are about two thousand five hundred names, including those of the Female Missionaries : out of this number less than two hundred are from heathen nations, yet these constitute at this moment nearly three-fourths of the inhabitants of the globe, and for the first four thousand years, with the single exception of the Jewish people, were the world.

Is not this conclusive evidence that God's Word is woman's shield, His power her protection, and His gifts her sanction for their full development, cultivation, and exercise ?

In preparing “Woman's Record ” I have been aided by several friends in Europe, who have procured for me books and portraits not to be found in our country. Mrs. Mary Howitt has been very kind in her assistance, and I am happy to thank her thus publicly. Professor Charles E. Blumenthal rendered acceptable service by furnishing translations of a number of the Sketches of distinguished women of Germany. My American friends have also been ready to assist : W. Gilmore Simms, Esq. wrote the Sketch of Miss Lee, and the Rev. Dr. Stevens and Rev. Dr. Kip furnished each a Sketch. Those to whom I have applied for information, have, in almost every instance, given all in their power, and cheered me kindly with their encouragement. I hope they will find the finished work worthy of approval.

The volume is larger than was at first contemplated, but materials increased, new ideas were to be set forth and clearly illustrated; I have not exhausted the theme.

One object is, however, accomplished: the picture of Woman's Life, as it has been developed to the world from the Creation to the present date, is here truly and completely displayed.

I am far from considering this o’tward semblance her best or loveliest praise. Millions of the sex whose names were never known beyond the circles of their own home influences, have been as worthy of commendation as those here commemorated. Stars are never seen either through the dense cloud or bright sunshine ; but when daylight is withdrawn from a clear sky they tremble forth : so female

Genius is made visible only where God's Word has cleared from the mental horizon the gross clouds of heathen error, while His Providence has withdrawn from the individual woman that support and protection from man which is her sunshine over the rough ways of the world. Hitherto she has usually won fame through suffering: let those who envy the bright ones remember this.

But, as the stars of heaven guide the mariner safely over the night-enveloped waters, so these stars of humanity are required to show the true progress of moral virtue through the waves of temptation and sin that roll over the earth. The greater the number, and the more light they diffuse, the greater will be the safety of society.

When men fully comprehend this, they will bless female genius, and fashion their own literature to a higher standard of moral taste and a nobler view of human destiny. Says the gifted author of Pendennis, “Women are pure, but not men. Women are unselfish, but not men.”

In truth, the moral sense of men, though as yet imperfect, has rarely erred so widely as to show, in works of imagination even, any ideal of masculine nature 80 perfect in moral virtues as the feminine. In the conflicts of contending duties, in the trials of love and temptations of passion, the masters of dramatic art, great poets and novelists, never fall into the sin against nature of making their men better than their women.

The ideal of the angelic in humanity is, in Christian literature, always feminine. When this instinctive perception of woman's mission becomes an acknowledged and sustained mode of moral progress, it will be easy for the sex to make advances in every branch of literature and science connected with human improvement; and the horizon will be studded with stars.

Now, some readers may think I have found too many celebrities; others will search for omissions. There was never a perfect work, so mine must bear the general lot of criticism. All I ask is, that the contents be well understood before judgment is rendered.

PHILADELPHIA, July 4th, 1851.

1

LIST OF PORTRAITS.

The larger portion of our Portraits have been obtained directly from Europe for this work ;

Rome, Florence, Paris and London, contributing to form our Gallery. The originals were executed by the most celebrated artists. We have not room for particulars respecting these gems of art, excepting a few of the most rare. Portraits of the living American ladies are chiefly from pictures or Daguerreotypes, taken expressly for this “Record.”

FIRST ERA.

Page 1. AGRIPPINA, JULIA, DAUGHTER OF GERMANICUS...........

21 2. ANDROMACHE, copied and enlarged from a picture on an ancient gem, representing Andromache, her husband Hector, and her son Astyanax

24 3. ASPASIA.....

26 4. CARMENTA

29 5. CLEOPATRA, copied from an ancient Egyptian coin

31 6. OLYMPIAS, MOTHER OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT, enlarged from an ancient gem

50 7. PORTIA

52 8. SAPPHO

56 9. SEMIRAMIS, copied from an ancient gem....

58 10. TAMYRIS, copied and enlarged from an ancient gem

60 SECOND ERA. 11. AGNES SOREL.

68 12. ANNE BOLEYN

72 13. ARC, JOAN OF..

76 14. BEATRICE PORTINARI..

82 15. BLANCHE OF CASTILE.

84 16. BORGIA, LUCREZIA....

86 17. BRUNORO, BONA LOMBARDI

88 18. CATHARINE SFORZA........

91 19. CATILARINE, ST.

92 20. COLONNA, VITTORIA....

93 21. CORNANO, CATERINA.

94 22. D'ANDOLO, OR BRANCALEONE GALEANA

95 23. ERMENGARDE...........

99 21. FAUSTINA, ANNIA GALERIA

102 25. GAMBARA VERONICA

105 26. GOZZADINI, BETISIA

107 27. HELENA, MOTHER OF CONSTANTINE, copied from a picture upon a Greek manuscript, written in the Ninth Century

108 28. HELOISE........

109 29. ISABELLA OF ARRAGON.

113 30. ISABELLA OF CASTILE...

114 31. ISAURE, CLEMENCE,

115 32. JOANNA, COUNTESS OF HAINAULT AND FLANDERS.

117 33. JOANNA OF NAPLES...

118 34. JOANNA II. OF NAPLES

119 35. JULIA DOMNA, copied from a bust in the collection of Montfaucon

119 36. LAURA, MADONNA

121 37. LEIVA, MARIA VIRGINIA

121 38. LOUISA OF SAVOY..

122 39. MARGARET, COUNTESS OF TYROL....

125 40. MARGARET OF DENMARK..

126 41. MARGARETTA OF SAXONY

128 42. MATILDA, COUNTESS OF TUSCANY

132 43. MATTUGLIANA, MEA ....

132 44. NOGAROLA, ISOTTA.

133

Page 45. PACHECO, DONNA MARIA.

134 46. PHILIPPA OF HAINAULT

136 47. POMPEIA PLOTINA..........

137 48. ROSSI, PROPERZIA DE

140 49. SABINA JULIA

140 50. SFORZA, BIANCA MARIA VISCONTI......

143 51. TENDA, BEATRICE..

145 52. THEODELINDA

146 53. ZENOBIA SEPTIMIA, copied and enlarged from a gem with a Palmyrenian inscription

.......... 149

153 154 159 161

166 168 169 171 180 195 196

204 208

THIRD ERA. 54. ACCORAMBONI, VITTORIA 55. ADAMS, MRS. ABIGAIL. 56. ADAMS, MISS HANNAH.. 57. AGOSTINA, MAID OF SARAGOSSA 58. ALBRIZZI, TEOTOCHI ISABELLA 59. ANNE OF AUSTRIA 60. ANNE, QUEEN OF ENGLAND 61. ARBLAY, MADAME D’............ 62. ARRAGON, JOAN OF.... 63. BACCIOCHI, MADAME MARIE ANNE ELISE. 64. BARBAULD, MRS. ANNE LETITIA. 65. BASSI, LAURA MARIA CATHARINE. 66. BELLINI, GUISEPA, COUNTESS OF 67. BERTANA, LUCIA.... 68. BLESSINGTON, COUNTESS OF 69. BONAPARTE, MADAME RAMOLINA MARIA LETITIA 70. BORGHESE, MARIE PAULINE, PRINCESS DE.. 71. BRINVILLIERS, MARIE MARGUÉRITE, MARCHIONESS DE 72. CAMPAN, MADAME 73. CAPELLO, BIANCA. 74. CAROLINE AMELIA ELIZABETH 75. CATHARINE DE MEDICIS. 76. CATHARINE I., ALEXIEONA 77. CATHARINE II., ALEXIEONA... 78. CENCI, BEATRICE............ 79. CHRISTINA, QUEEN OF SWEDEN 80. CLIFFORD, ANNE 81. CORDAY, CHARLOTTE. 82. COTTIN, MADAME SOPHIE. 83. DARLING, GRACE.... 84. DESHOULIÈRES, MADAME 85. DEVONSHIRE, DUCHESS OF 86. DWIGHT, MRS. ELIZABETH BAKER. 87. EDGEWORTH, MISS MARIA .... 88. ELIZABETH, QUEEN OF ENGLAND 89. ERAUSO, CATALINA DE...... 90. ESTE, ELEONORA D' 91. FANSHAWE, LADY 92. FEDOROWNA, MARIA 93. FERNANDEZ, MARIA MADDELENA MORELLI.. 94. FOUGERET, MADAME.. 95. FRY, ELIZABETH. 96. GENLIS, MADAME DE.. 97. GEOFFRIN, MADAME DE 98. GONZAGA, COLONNA JULIA. 99. GONZAGA, COLONNA IPPOLITA 100. GREY, LADY JANE. 101. GUIZOT, MADAME CHARLOTTE PAULINE. 102. GWYNNE, ELEANOR 103. HEMANS, MRS. FELICIA DOROTHEA.... 104. HERSCHEL, MISS CAROLINE LUCRETIA. 105. INCHBALD, MRS. 106. JOSEPHINE, EMPRESS

209 212 216 217 222 236 239 242 248 250 251 253 259 263

266 272 280

288

289 292 293 299

305 307 309

312

312 316 318 322

325

329 330 333

336

338 344

353

360

366

107. JUDSON, MRS. ANNE HASSELTINE....
108. JUNOT, LAURA, DUCHESS D’ABRANTES
109. KAMAMALU ...
110. KAUFFMAN, MARIA ANGELICA
111. LANDON, MISS, OR MRS. M'LEAN
112. LAVALLETTE, COUNTESS DE
113. L'ENCLOS, NINON DE
114. MADISON, MRS.
115. MAINTENON, MADAME DE..
116. MARIA THERESA, EMPRESS OF AUSTRIA
117. MARIE ANTOINETTE, QUEEN OF FRANCE...
118. MARLBOROUGH, DUCHESS OF
119. MARS, MADEMOISELLE.....
120. MARY I., QUEEN OF ENGLAND
121. MARY II., QUEEN OF ENGLAND
122. MARY DE MEDICIS..........
123. MARY, QUEEN OF SCOTS.
124. MERCER, MISS MARGARET
125. MICHIEL, RENIER GIUSTINA
126. MNISZECH, MARINA, CZARINA OF MUSCOVY.
127. MOHALBI, GARAFILIA......
128. MONTAGU, LADY MARY WORTLEY
129. MONTESPAN, MADAME DE
130. MONTPENSIER, DUCHESS DE
131. MORE, MRS. HANNAH ...........
132. MOTHER ANNA
133. MOTTE, MRS. REBECCA.
134. NECKER, MADAME..
135. NEWCASTLE, DUCHESS OF
136. NEWELL, MRS. HARRIET .....
137. OSGOOD, MRS. FRANCES SARGENT
138. PICHLER, MADAME CAROLINE..
139. POCAHONTAS
140. POMPADOUR, MARCHIONESS DE
141. PORTER, MISS JANE ........
142. ROLAND, MADAME..
143. RUSSEL, LADY RACHEL
144. SEVIGNÉ, MARCHIONESS DE
145. SFORZA, BONA
146. SHREWSBURY, COUNTESS OF.
147. SIRANI, ELIZABETTA .....
148. SMITH, MISS CHARLOTTE
149. SMITH, MRS. SARAH LANMAN
150. STAEL, MADAME DE...........
151. STEWART, MRS. HARRIET BRADFORD..
152. STUART, ARABELLA....
153. TALLIEN, MADAME THERESA
154. TAMBRONI, CLOTILDE
155. TIGHE, MRS. MARY............
156. TRIMMER, MRS. SARAH
157. VALLIÉRE, DUCHESS DE LA.
158. WARREN, MRS. MERCY..
159. WASHINGTON, MRS. MARTHA
160. WHEATLEY, PHILLIS..
161. ZINGA, ANNA..

Page 367 370 371 373 383 388 390 396 398 404 406 408 409 415 417 418 419 424 428 429 431 434 440 441 442 447 448 450 452 453 458 468 474 477 478 490 494 501 504 505 507 508 511 517 521 522 526 526 532 539 541 546 550 552 561

FOURTH ERA. 162. AMELIE MARIE, EX-QUEEN OF THE FRENCH 163. ANCELOT, MADAME.. 164. BAILLIE, JOANNA 165. BEECHER, MISS ESTHER CATHERINE 166. BELLOC, MADAME LOUISA SWANTON 167. BREMER, MISS FREDERIKA. 168. BRIDGMAN, MISS LAURA..

566 567 574 578 583 585 592

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