« PoprzedniaDalej »
and Methodists of the Countess of Huntingdon's connexion,
The remains of the Castle comprise the great Gateway, partly of Saxon architecture, and partly of the age of Henry III; some considerable portions of the two Keeps, or central fortifications, (a feature peculiar to this Castle,) especially of the western one; and many fragments of earth-works, embankments, and trenches. A part of the site of this venerable structure is now converted into a Bowling-green; and a road, leading to the Downs, has been cut through the western rampart, across a field called Walling, where Magnus, before mentioned, is said to have been defeated and taken prisoner. In addition to the security afforded by its Castle, Lewes was strongly fortified, and vestiges of intrenchments, &c. are still visible, although no traces of its walls are discoverable.
A Priory was founded here in 1078, and richly endowed for monks of the Cluniac order, by Earl Warrenne, and his countess Gundreda, who were both, with several of their descendants, interred within its walls. It was of very extensive dimensions (its outer walls enclosing an area of nearly 40 acres), and magnificent architecture; but so completely was it demolished at the Dissolution, and by a subsequent fire in the early part of the seventeenth century, that little more than some fragments of bare walls now remain to attest its existence, and to excite the regret of the visitor.
The Shire Hall, in which the Assizes and Sessions are held, is an elegant and convenient building of stone, erected in the beginning of the present century; the old Town Hall stood near the same spot, but was very inconveniently placed in the centre of the High Street. The House of Correction, built on Howard's plan, nearly 40 years ago, contains 32 cells for the prisoners, a Chapel, &c. Its regulations are said to reflect great credit on the magistrates and the keeper. The tread-mill is here employed in the grinding of corp. A Free School for the education of children of both sexes, was originally founded here, by Agnes Morley, in 1512, but has since undergone considerable alteration in its arrangements, and is now very extensively useful. A Library Society, esta
blished in 1786, possesses an excellent collection of books, and reflects great credit on the inhabitants of the town, by whom it is supported. Here is also a neat Theatre, well conducted; an Assembly Room, at the Star Inn, High Street; and, for those who wish to combine healthful exercise with amusement, a Bowling Green, within the precincts of the Castle, as already mentioned. The Race Course, a mile from the town, is considered one of the best in England, and has a commodious Stand, erected in 1772; the Races, generally held early in August, continue three days, and are well attended.
Lewes is a place of considerable trade; the Ouse, which runs through the town, is navigable for barges about six miles higher up, and affords a communication with the sea by Newhaven; paper is manufactured in the neighbourhood to a large extent; and the iron foundry, for cannon, &c. though it has much declined, still gives some employment. The Market days, for corn, &e. are Tuesday and Saturday; every second Tuesday is a market for cattle; and there are two annual Cattle Fairs, and one for sheep, at the latter of which not less than 80,000 of those animals are generally seen. The Sussex Agricultural Soeiety, established in 1796, hold their meetings here; and their annual show of prize cattle is numerously attended by the agriculturists of this and the surrounding counties.
LINDFIELD, a village on the Quse, 39 miles from London, and three from Cuckfield, is very pleasantly situated on the summit of a hill, and has a fine and ancient Church, with a lofty spire. Here are also two Chapels for Dissenters; a School of Industry, founded by a Mr. Allen, for poor children, in which they are educated and instructed in various useful trades; and a Benevolent Society, for the purpose of assisting such of the deserving poor as would otherwise become chargeable to the parish. Three annual Fairs are held here; one, in August, for lambs, is on a very large scale; the population, in 1821, was about
LITTLEHAMPTON, four miles from Arundel (of which it is considered the port), and 61 from London,
has within the last twenty years become a considerable watering-place, and the population, which in 1821 was 1166, has since very much increased. It has now many handsome lodging-houses, built along the beach, and commanding extensive and delightful views; shops tastefully fitted up; Baths of various descriptions; and a Reading Room. The harbour is considered one of the best upon this part of the coast, and vessels of considerable burden can enter with safety. Its principal trade is in coals and timber; and a well-attended corn market is beld weekly on Thursday. Here is a School for the education of 20 poor boys; and a “ Beneficial Society,” for affording relief to the indigent, aged, and infirm.
MARESFIELD, 41 miles from London, and 11 from Lewes, is a small village, with an ancient Church, having a square embattled tower; and a National School, for educating and partly clothing poor children. Here is an annual Fair in September; the population of the parish is about 1400.
MAYFIELD, about six miles from Frant, formerly possessed a magnificent Palace of the Archbishops of Canterbury, said to have been originally erected by St. Dunstan * in the tenth century. It was a favourite residence of many of his successors, and several of them here ended their days. It was given by Henry VIII to Sir Henry North, from whom it passed to Sir John Gresham, and afterwards to "the Royal Merchant,” Sir Thomas, who was honoured here with a visit from Queen Elizabeth; and one of the rooms still remaining is called the Queen's Chamber. The buildings continued in good preservation until the beginning of the eighteenth century, when a considerable portion was pulled down; and the eastern end, which remains, has long been converted
Among the wonders related of this saint, we find it recorded that, in pässing round the Church, also erected by him, near this Palace, he observed that it did not stand due east and west, whereupon he gently applied his shoulder to one corner of the building, and set it right in the twinkling of an eye, “whereat the spectators were greatly amazed,” as well they might be. Several valuable relics of this redoubtable saint are still (or were lately) exhibited here, among which were the anvil and hammer with which he was at work when annoyed by the Devil, and the identical tongs with which he seized his infernal visitant by the nose !
into a farm-house. A portion of the Great Hall is still to be seen, and the Gatehouse, enlarged by building up the gate, is occupied as a dwelling.
MIDHURST, An ancient town, supposed to have been a station of the Romans, under the name of Mida, is situated on the river Arun, 50 miles from the metropolis, and 12 from Chichester. It is a borough by prescription, and has sent two Members to Parliament from 1311 to the present time; the right of election is in the burgage-holders, and the town is governed by a Bailiff, chosen annually at the court leet of the manor. Here is a weekly Market on Thursday, principally for corn, and three annual Fairs. The population, in 1821, was 1335.
The Church is an ancient edifice, with a low square tower, and contains a magnificent monument to the memory of Lord Montacute (who died in 1592) and his two wives; adorned with a variety of figures and heraldic ornaments, but now much defaced. The Quarter Sessions for the county used to be occasionally held at Midhurst, but this custom has long ceased; the Petty Sessions for the hundred are still held in the Town Hall. Here is a Free Grammar School, founded in 1672; a National School; and a Savings' Bank. The air of this neighbourhood is said to be particularly salubrious, and conducive to longevity; and a Cricket Club has been established here, which boasts among its members “ some of the best players in England.
About a quarter of a mile from Midhurst are the ruins of the once-beautiful Cowdray House, which was destroyed by fire in 1793, and is now a melancholy, though picturesque, object. It was once the property of the Countess of Salisbury, niece of Edward IV, who was inhumanly murdered on the scaffold, at the age of 72, by command of that sanguinary tyrant Henry VIII, on the false and frivolous pretext of a treasonable correspondence with her son, Cardinal Pole. Her estates being confiscated, this was given to the Montague family, by one of whom the mansion is supposed to have been erected. It was splendidly fitted up, and decorated with many valuable paintings, some of which were saved, but a great number were lost in the flames. By a' melancholy coincidence, Lord Montague, the proprietor, was about the same time drowned in the Rhine in attempting to pass the Cataracts of Schaffhausen. · NEWHAVEN, 564 miles from London, is situated at the mouth of the Duse, and has a good harbour, capable of receiving ships of considerable burden at high water, and defended by a small Fort. Here is a Custom House; and a Revenue-cutter is generally stationed off the town, for the prevention of smuggling. It is a place of more trade than might be expected from its small population, which in 1821 was only 927. The Church is a small building, the body of modern erection, with an ancient tower, at the east end. Near the churchyard is an Obelisk, erected to commemorate the melancholy fate of the captain and crew of the Brazen, sloop of war of 18 guns, which was wrecked in a violent storm on the morning of January 25, 1800, on the Ave Rocks, near this town, when out of 105 persons, no more than one escaped. Many of the bodies were cast on shore, and interred on this spot.
PARHAM, a village about six miles from Arundel, with a very small and ancient Church, has in its neighbourhood Parham Park, the fine old mansion of Lord De la Zouche, which, although considerably modernized in some parts, yet retains many features of its ancient grandeur. It contains numerous fine paintings, and stands in a noble park, well-wooded, and abounding with deer.
PETWORTH. This ancient town is situated on a branch of the Adur, six miles from Midhurst, and 49 from London. It consists of several long and straggling streets, has a weekly Market on Saturday, and two annual Fairs; and in 1821 contained 2781 inhabitants. The Church is an ancient stone edifice, with a square tower; and in a chapel attached to it are the tombs of several of the Percies, Earls of Northumberland, to whom the manor formerly belonged. A handsome organ, presented by the Earl of Egremont, was erected in this Church in 1812. In this town are two places of wor