Obrazy na stronie

The ways and means which he pro- provided for by an issue of exchequer posed for answering these charges, bills to replace an equal amount of were ombodied in a string of resolu- unfunded debt, which would be paid tions, of which the first and second re off. After a few observations from ferred to the already mentioned offer Lord Archibald Hamilton, Mr Ba. of three millions for the Bank of Eng- ring, and Mr Tierney, these resoluland; the third to the surplus of the tions were adopted. grants for 1815, which, at the begin. Mr Vesey Fitzgerald laid before ning of the session, he had calculated the House his intentions with respect at three millions, but which, on more to the Irish revenue of the year. He accurate enquiry, had been found to began with saying, that the liberal amount to 5,663,755l. ; the fourth to views taken by the House on former a sum of 599,9161., arising from the occasions, justified him in expecting, sale of old naval and victualling stores; that it would approve of his not ha. the 5th to unclaimed dividends of the ving proposed any new Irish taxes, in Bank. The Chancellor mentioned, aid of the services of 1816. He then that “it was not fair that the Bank stated, that the estimated quota of con. should retain in their hands sums which tributions for this year, was 3,145,6561. it was not likely should be called for, British, in Irish currency, 3,407,7941. and which might indeed never be re. The charge for interest and sinking claimed. He therefore thought such fund on the present debt, is 6,826,7301., money might be well paid over to making, with the inclusion of managethe commissioners for the redemption ment, the total supplies, 10,234,5241. of the national debt, to be by them The state of the consolidated fund was applied to the liquidation of the pub- as follows :--The surplus balance in lic debt, subject to the future claims the exchequer at the 5th January, was of the owners for restitution. He pro. 1,448,0861., and there was remaining posed that it should be arranged on of loan, raised in Great Britain for the this principle—that all stock on which service of the last year, 2,622,6411. Brino dividend was claimed for ten years tish, being in Irish currency/2,841,1941. successively, should be paid over to a total sum of of 4,289,2801. From the commissioners of the national debt, this he was to deduct arrears due on to be by them applied in the manner that day. The arrear of contribution he had already described. A register for 1815, 2,942,2801. British, being of all such payments he proposed 3,187,4701. Irish; the outstanding should be kept both in the Bank and treasury bills and lottery prizes, , at the office of the commissioners for 28,8761., and for inland navigations, the reduction of the national debt, and the expences of the office for the and this he thought would be better public records, 81,3641. the total of for the owners than even the present the arrears was 3,297,7101., which, system, proverbially accurate as the deducted from 4,289,2801. leaves a Bank was in all its transactions." balance of 991,5701.

The 6th resolution referred to Having recapitulated the supply, he extraordinary item of 140,0001. made proceeded to state the ways and means. up of small balances remaining in the The surplus of the consolidated fund as Exchequer, the result of unapplied appeared above, 991,5701. ; the progrants of former years, now amount. duce of the revenue he should only ing altogether to a sum not to be estimate at 6,000,000). ; one-third of despised. The remaining supplies, the profit on lotteries which Ireland amounting to 2,500,0001., were to be was entitled to receive, 100,000l. ; re


payment of sums paid by Ireland for department, and for which the chiefs naval and military services being ad- of departments deserved the greatest vanced out of the revenue of the last praise. He could not better excite year, 111,9606. Mr Vansittart had that industry, or stimulate that exer. before stated the loan on treasury tion, than by showing to the different bills for which an act has passed both boards that parliament looked to them Houses of parliament, of 1,700,0001. to supply, by their exertions, the ne. British, making 1,841,6661. Trish, and cessity of fresh taxation, and he knew that a further loan on treasury bills that he did not reckon on their exer. would be required to be issued in the tions in vain. There was no principle present year for the sum of 1,200,0001.,, more important to be kept in view, being a total of ways and means of particularly in Ireland, than that it 10,245,1961. to meet the supply of was better to collect your old taxes 10,234,5241.

well, than to delude the public by Mr Fitzgerald then stated, that the suggesting new and unproductive imHouse was aware of the reduction posts. He did not found his estimate of the revenue in consequence of of revenue solely on a vague expectathe repeal of that portion of the malt tion of its produce ; the assessments duty in Ireland which correspond- principally of the inland taxes had ed with the late war duty in Great been formed upon a more correct sysBritain ; it was only what the act of tem, and in no branch of our revenue union had prescribed; but as a mea. had a collection been more improved. sure of relief, sensibly as it might be He expected in the present year a felt in this country, it would not be great increase from those duties, and less felt in that where the example had without referring to the excise revebeen followed. He had always re nue, or to those disputed questions gretted the necessity of augmenting connected with the distillery, which the malt duty ; but it was to be re- he purposely avoided, because they membered, that he had never had but were likely to become the topics of a choice of difficulties. The deduce discussion at another and a more contion from the revenue, including the venient time; it must be obvious to repayment of duty on stock, in the every man that if the practice of illicit hands both of distillers and maltsters, distillation could be checked in some would be, he feared, 300,0001 ; other degree (he was not sanguine enough small duties repealed would make a to hope for its immediate extinction), total diminution in the revenue of the excise rerenue would become the 350,0001., and when the committee re. main source of our contribution. He collected that the whole of the net did not despair either, that the interpayments into the exchequer in the nal difficulties of Ireland would press last year amounted to 5,845,845l., he so heavy as in the last year, a year of was sure he should not be charged sudden and unexampled distress. That with estimating the annual produce of distress was easily to be traced in the the revenue too low when he took it diminished consumption of some of the at 6,000,0001., he feared rather that most productive articles, not only in he should be accused of an excessive our excise but in our customs also. estimate. He thought himself ground. He hoped that our horizon was brighted, however, in hoping for what mustening a little, and that he might be be the increase of more than half a justified in the estimate of six millions million from that improved system of which he had assumed. collection which was visible in every On the succeeding evening, Mr J.

P. Grant made a motion for a commit. But they were listened to, both within tee on the state of the public finances, and without the House, with that susand on this occasion the attack on the picion which frequent experience of views and plans of the Chancellor of their fallacy had justified. The nation the Exchequer was renewed. The was distressed, but it was not despair. desponding prophecies of approaching ing ; and in the contemplation of its national ruin were as numerous, and, permanent gains, it found consolation stranger still, as confident as ever. for its temporary difficulties.

[ocr errors][merged small]
[ocr errors][merged small]

Bill for the Regulation of the Civil List - Motion for aholishing the Office of

one of the Secretaries of State.- Motion respecting the Augmentation of the Salaries of the Secretaries of the Admiralty.- Motion concerning Salaries and Emoluments in Public Offices.- Mr Grenfell's Motion concerning the transactions with the Bank.-Bank Restriction Act extended till 1818.Consolidation of the English and Irish Exchequers.--New Silver Coinage.

On the 3d of May, Lord Castlereagh be brought home to the actual sovemade a motion for leave to bring in a reign to support his public splendour, bill for the better regulation of his or meet the charge of his domestic enmajesty's civil list. • The subjects joyments—a sum not equal to oneinvolved in the regulation of this mea. third of the whole of the civil list. sure, were," as his lordship observed, He then proceeded to give, in the first • of the most delicate nature ; never place, a retrospective view of the civil theless, a variety of causes-and, list expenditure for several years, comamong these, not the least effectual, pared with its revenue. the liberties which had recently been

The average expenditure of the taken by some gentlemen of the oppo seven years, up to 1811 in. sition, in talking of the personal habits clusive, had amounted to L.1,103,000 of the royal family, rendered it abso

That of the year 1812 was 1,374,000
Of 1813

1,316,000 Jutely necessary that the feelings cal.

Of 1814

1,361,000 culated to make his majesty's ministers Of 1815

1,436,000 avoid their discussion, should be over And the year ending Sth Jan. come. In his introduction, the minister 1816

1,480,000 reprobated the vulgar error of suppo During this period the revenues of sing the whole, or even the greater the civil list, as hé had already stated, part of the demands upon the civil list, were unequal to satisfy the demands io arise out of the private expenditure they were intended to meet. In the of the sovereign and his family, while, seven years up to 1811, their average in truth, much the larger part of them amount, under the settlement of 1804, were as strictly caused by the necessi- was 995,0001. Since that period, from ties of the public service, as any of the various circumstances, they had been grants annually made for the army or swelled to 1,060,0001 It would be the navy. If the expenees thrown on seen that the revenue, in the course of the country by the unhappy state of the seven years, had fallen short by the nomical sovereign should be de. about 1,000,000l. ; and since that peducted from the annual expence of the riod the deficiency had considerably civillist, it would notexceed 1,339,0001. increased. On the face of this stateand of this sum only 409,0001. could ment it would appear that there was a

tendency in the settlement which had in possession of its former revenues, it been made of the civil list to create would not have had occasion to apdebt. If the House looked to the le. proach parliament for any assistance." ports of all the committees which had The second object of his lordship's been appointed to inquire into this speech, was to give a perspective view subject, it would be found, that every of the probable future expenditure of one of them had uniformly pronoun- the civil list, with a consideration of ced that the estimate of 1804 had been the adequacy of the funds appropriacompletely inadequate to its object, ted to it, and the most economical meand was not in fact borne out either thod of augmenting them. The estiby those circumstances which had pre. mate which he thought might be made, ceded, or by those which followed it. was 1,339,1951., presenting, when comOn all hands, the insufficiency of the pared with that of last year, (larger, civil list income had been allowed, and of course, as being made during war), the augmentation of it had only been a reduction of 139,0001. Should this delayed on account of those casual be deducted from this sum, (as Lord aids derived from the war, of which he Castlereagh judged would be just and bad already spoken. The gross amount proper,) the 170,000l. occasioned by of the debt which had accrued on the the Windsor establishment, the privy civil list since 1804, was 2,500,0001. purse, and the allowance to her majes. The liberality of parliament had grant. ty, in consequence of the state of the ed in discharge of that sum 762,0001. king, the estimate would be reduced An advance made by the Crown from to 1,169,4951. To this he thought its West Indian revenues, and from no objection could be made, as it was the surplús of the Scotch civil list, to precisely the medium between the the amount of 1,738,0001. had still charges that had occurred on the civil further reduced the debt. During the list between 1804 and 1811, same period, it was to be recollected With regard to the proper mode of that the Crown out of the same funds meeting the future expenditure of the (in the year 1807, he believed,) had civil list, as thus estimated, he thought advanced the sum of 1,000,000l. for that parliament must either increase the service of the public, to meet the the general allowance, for that sersupplies of the year. If, instead of vice, by the 65,0001., which had been doing that, the Crown had applied for the seven years up to 1811, the this sum of one million to the discharge annual excess of its expenditure, and of the debt on the civil list, so far from by a sum adequate to cover the Windhaving occasion to apply to parliament sor establishment extraordinary, or for assistance, that sum would have withdraw from it certain charges which more than covered the whole of the would relieve it to the necessary exremaining debt, and would have effec- : fent. The latter plan he recommend. tually prevented the inconvenient pres- ed for their adoption. He thought sure which it had experienced. But it nothing could be more unwise than to was not merely this sum of 1,000,000!. . entail fluctuation in the expenditure of which had been advanced in 1807, that the civil list, by loading it with charges had been furnished for the public ser. of a public nature, from their very covice, by the liberal consideration of sence ko changeable. The charges which the Crowlinin the course of the war he wished to see removed from it were ihe sum of 2,800,0001. had been thus then particularized, (they consisted of appropriated. These facts would go various items connected with all the io prove, that if the Crown had been branches of public service,) and the

« PoprzedniaDalej »