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As an instance of matter taken from the Order of Ser. vice established in 1548, I may refer to the introduction of a prayer of oblation at the offertory, the prayers “ In the spirit of humility” and “Brethren pray” and the commencement of the canon. Of matter from the present Book of Common Prayer, to the introduction of the Decalogue, and the “Lord have mercy upon us” in the service for Ash Wednesday. Of ceremonial suggestions taken from other sources than the ancient English, to the use of fifteen rather than twenty-four candles at the “ Tenebræ" offices on the three days before Easter, and the like.

In the classification of Feasts, a comparison of the Kalendars of Salisbury, York and Hereford, has enabled me to class as “principal” holy-days those days which the rest of the Western Church regards (in these more busy times) as days especially to be observed with a precept of attending Divine service. The greater holy-days represent the Sarum “greater” Doubles ; the “lesser the Sarum Lesser and Inferior Doubles. These exhaust the “Red Letter” Days. Of the “ Black Letter” feasts, “ double feasts” (duplex per annum, as the Roman breviary phrases it) represent all that were doubles (of whatever rank) in the Sarum Kalendar. Simples of iii lessons correspond with those of ix lessons : simples of ii is still in force : a position further enforced by the order that the ornamenta of minister and church are to be such (such therefore in shape, colour and manner of usage) as they were at a particular epoch. The use of Sarum is, therefore, just as obligatory in the Province of Canterbury, and that of York in the Northern Province, in 1877, as it was in 1548, save so far it has been modified by subsequent enactments, or is incompatible with the text of the revised service-books. But, as every “National Church hath authority to ordain, change, and abolish ceremonies or rites of the church ordained only by man's authority so that all things be done to edify” provided in so doing, nothing is done which strikes at some established doctrine, or laudable practice, of the whole Catholic Church of Christ, or offends against her common order), it is competent to the Church, quâ legislatrix, to mould her ceremonial details upon any Catholic model that in her judgment tends to edify.

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lessons with those of ii (the distinction in each case being due to the number of lessons to be read at matins). The other distinctions of triple “ Invitatory," and "with” or “without rulers”—are alike in this and the ancient Kalendar.

Provision has been made for a later evening service (vice Compline) and also for a shortened form of matins to precede the Eucharist (vice Terce).

The present book supposes the concurrent use of a “Hymn and Anthem Book” (to be set forth by authority for permissive use in churches). Materials for this book are ready to hand in the excellent “ Anthem Book," published by Mr. Hayes : in the “Words of the Introits, Graduals," &c., (Palmer), and in the forthcoming “ Office Hymnal." Its scope would comprise the anthems to the Psalms and Canticles, and the Hymns at Matins and Evensong ; the Introits and Anthems after the Epistle (“Gradual,” “ Alleluia,'' “ Verse,” “ Prose,” or “ Tract"), the Offertory and Communion Anthems: as also the Anthems and “proses” to be sung in processions. All these (except the Hymns for which there is abundance of precedent in the usages of all schools of theology in the Church) might be confined to the words of holy Scripture, as is the case in the Breviary and Missal Anthems, &c., of the (revised) French uses.

In conclusion, I may say of my labours in all humility (as my own matter is so infinitesimally small : I do but provide the string upon which the pearls of others are threaded) that “ Here you have an order for prayer much agreeable to the mind and purpose of the old Fathers :” and that (with due allowance of altered times and needs) Divine worship, and above all the great sacrament of the Eucharist is conducted, as well decently and in due order, as in such wise " as the good Fathers in the Primitive Church frequented” the same.

Such as my book is, with its faults and its merits, I lay is as a peace-offering at the feet of my Mother the Church of England, inviting the criticisms of friends and foes to enable me to remove the former and increase the latter.

A Table of Lessons for the Sundays and Week-days throughout the year.

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2

[And so on.]
A Table of Lessons proper for Holy-days.
Matins.

Evensong
St. Andrew.
St. Michael:
I Lesson
Genesis

Dan. 10, v. 5 2 Lesson

Acts 12 to v. 30

Jude, v. 6 to 16 Sept. 30

Tobit I

Tobit 2 Oct. I

3

5 3

7

8
9

IO
II

I2
13

14 S. Luke.

Eccles. 38 to v. 15 S. Simon and S. Fude. Isaiah 28, 9-17 Jer. 3, 12, 19 All Saints' I Lesson

Wisd. 3 to v. 10. Wisd. 5 to v. 17 2 Lesson

Heb. II v. 33 and Rev. 19 to v. 17

12 to v. 7 All Souls' i Lesson Tobit 10

Barach I 2 Lesson

Rev. 20, 11-15
Nov. 3
Barach 2

3
4

5

i Maccab. 1 i Maccab. 2 to v. 30

2 v. 30. 2 Maccab. 6

7 8

9

our ow

Isaiah 55

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69, 88.

113, 114, 118. 24, 47, 108.

MATINS,

EVENSONG. Christmas Day,

19, 45, 85,

89, 110, 132. Epiphany,

22, 46, 47, 62, 86, 96. Ash Wednesday and the

Wed. and Fri. in Lent, 6, 32, 38, 102, 130, 143 Maunday Thursday, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74. Good Friday,

20, 40, 54, Easter Even,

4, 16, 30, NIO, 117. Easter Day,

2, 57, III, Ascension Day,

8 15, 21, Whitsunday,

104, 145. Trinity Sunday,

8, 19, 24,

48, 97, 98. S. Michael,

8, 103, All Saints,

34, 60, 97,

116, 148, 149, 150. Feast of Apostles, 19, 64, 75, 99, 113, 139. Through the year :

Shortened Matins, 119 (v. 33-80)
Later Even. Service,

4, 31 (to v. 6) 91, 134. Eve of All Souls' and Funerals,

116, 120, 131, 130, 138. All Souls' Day and at Funerals,

5, 25, 27, 40,42.

48, 68,

104, 148.

JANUARY HATH XXXI. DAYS.

C 4 Id.

IA Kalendæ. Circumcision of our Lord Jesus Christ.

[Principal Holy-Day. 2 b 4 Nonas.

Octave of S. Stephen. iii. lessons. 3 c3 Non.

Octave of S. John. iii. lessons. 4 d Prid. Non. Octave of Holy Innocents. ii lessons. 5 e Nonæ.

Vigil of the Epiphany (not fasted). f|8 Idus.

Epiphany of our Lord. Principal Holy: 7 g 7 Id. 8 A 6 Id.

[Day. 2nd Collect of Lucian, Priest and Martyr. 9 b 5 Id. IO Id 3 Id. 12 e Prid. Id. 13] f Idus.

Oct. of Epiphany. 2nd Collect of S. Hilary. 14 g 19 Kal. Feb. 15 A:8 Kal. 16 b 17 Kal. 17c 16 Kal. 18 d 15 Kal. Prisca, Rom. Virgin and Martyr. Without 19 e 14 Kal.

Wulstan, Bp. and Conf. iii lessons (rulers. 20|f | 13 Kal. Fabian, Bp., & Sebastian, Martyrs. iii less. 21 g 12 Kal. Agnes, Rom. Virg. and Mart. iii lessons. 22 AII Kal. Vincent, Span. Deacon and Martyr. iii 23 b10 Kal.

[lessons. 24c9 Kal.

Timothy, B.M. iii lessons. 25 d | 8 Kal.

Conversion of S. Paul. Lesser Holy26 e 7 Kal. Polycarp, B.M. _iii lessons. [Way. 27 | f | 6 Kal.

Chrysostom. | Between Septuagesima 28

and Lent simple feasts of v lessons are 29 | A 4 Kal.

to be kept without rulers. If the Patron 30 b 3 Kal.

or Dedication occur, nothing is done of 31 c Prid. Kal.

the days within the Octave but the 2nd Collect only : the Octave-day itself, however, is observed.

g 5 Kal.

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