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the matter continued from 1809 till 1833, no The corporation sought to be created by this in the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company canal being completed by either of these organ- act has no authority to take one cent's worth to this portion of the old canal it will not be izations.
of property which belongs to the city of Wash- deprived of them. It simply authorizes the In 1833, this city corporation made some ington or to any individual except by paying construction of a canal and the condemnation kind of purchase--for what consideration I the full value of the property, to be ascertained of property with payment therefor. If this old know not; neither does the committee, nor do in the usual mode when private property is canal is in such a condition that it cannot be the corporators of the old canal. Those cor- taken for public uses.
used, and if the right of the city in it is one of porators had a capital stock of $150,000, but The committee have proposed by this bill to those rights that cannot be invaded by a corwhat price they sold out for to the corporation | authorize the construction of this canal by this poration of this kind, all they have got to do of the city of Washington I do not know. But corporation and to give it whatever rights or is to apply to a court for injunction and stop in 1832 or 1833 the city of Washington pre. interest the United States Government has in this work at once. And precisely the same sented a bill to Congress declaring that they this old canal. If the Government of the Uni- || thing may be done by the Chesapeake and Ohio had made a bargain and purchase from this ted States has any interest in it the committee Canal Company. This bill confers no extra canal corporation, and asking Congress to vest have failed to see that it is of any advantage || privilege and no extra rights upon this corpoin them whatever rights the United States had or of any value to the United States. If the ration. None whatever. It simply authorizes in this canal, because they believed, by reason corporate authorities of the city of Washing the construction of a canal just as if no "ditch” of the neglect of that corporation 4o perform corporate authorities of the city of Washing
had ever been built through the city, and prothe duties imposed upon them by the charter, the bill provides that this corporation shall pay' || vides for the payment of all property, whether they had forfeited all rights to the canal to the every dollar that it is worth before they appro- of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company, Government of the United States in the canal. | priate it.
the city of Washington, or of private persons. So an act was passed in 1833 giving to the city It is objected, as I have heard, that this bill | They are all protected. of Washington whatever rights the United authorizes this corporation to take all the land The object of the bill is to give this city a States had in the canal, and the canal became that may be made or reclaimed out of the waste commercial canal that will connect the coal the proporty of the city of Washington ; but land lying along the line of the canal for its regions of Maryland with this city. It is proon the condition, mark you, that it should go
There is not one word of truth in it. posed, as a part of the contemplated improveon and complete the canal within one year || The bill simply provides that this corporation | ment, to construct a canal from the Anacostia from and after the passage of the act. Years shall have eighty feet in width for the canal or Eastern branch to Annapolis, and from there rolled around and the city of Washington did and six feet additional on each side for a tow there is a water communication by the Chesanext to nothing. They never made it a commer path, and nothing more. Any land beyond peake bay from Annapolis to Baltimore, and so cial canal. They never did anything, except that that now belongs to the city of Washington on to Philadelphia, and by canal already open to get money from the United States. They or to the Government of the United States is to New York, which will shorten the distance received $20,000 on two different occasions to reserved to the city of Washington or to the to New York by water two hundred and fifty clean out the canal or to make some repairs. Government, so that this corporation does not miles. It saves a sea voyage of five hundred On another occasion, the city of Washington get one single rod of ground additional. and seventy miles from Georgetown to New obtained $150,000 out of the Treasury of the It is objected, as I understand, by the gen- York if these twenty miles of canal between the United States for the purpose of liquidating tleman from Maryland [Mr. F. Thomas) that Anacostia and Annapolis shall be completed. the debt they had contracted on the purchase this bill proposes to seize several hundred These are some of the objects sought to be of the canal from the original corporators. thousand dollars' worth of the property of the attained by this bill, and in my opinion the The Government of the United States has Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company. Now, work will be done. So far as the committee never received any consideration from the I cannot for my life see wherein or by what can judge, the men who propose to do the city in return for this expenditure, but the city | provision of this bill such a statement is war- work are men of energy and ability. The comhas from that time up to the present collected ranted. It does provide that this corporation | mittee have no idea that the city of Washingwharfage and rent to the amount of several shall have power to construct a canal from ton or the Government of the United States thousand dollars per year. The canal has been Seventeenth street west to Rock creek. I will will ever build the work. This company proused for no other purpose than to spend money admit that some forty years ago or more, when pose to build it without a dollar's tax on the on or to get money out of the Treasury. the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company was city of Washington or taxing the United States
These men who seek to be incorporated chartered, the charter authorized that company | Treasury one fărthing.. claim that the city of Washington has never to build their canal to Seventeenth street west, Mr. Speaker, as I wish to pass this bill this paid a dollar for the canal ; if there was any and that it did extend it to that point and used morning, I will yield in two minutes to the money paid to the original corporators it was it for a time. But there is a provision in that gentleman from Maryland, [Mr. F. Tuomas.] paid by the Government under act of Congress. charter, also, that if the company shall fail to Mr. F. THOMAS. Oh, no, sir; I could not The city of Washington has never paid a use any portion of the canal or keep it in repair accept the time. The gentleman intends it as dollar. Instead of performing the conditions for commercial purposes it shall forfeit its a very polite proposition, and I have no doubt of the charter or the agreement with the Gov- charter to that extent, at least that is my view it is made in a very kind spirit. ernment it bas violated them. Yet, sir, not- of the law. The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal
Mr. INGERSOLL. I said that in two minwithstanding the fact, the city has had undis- Company has the terminus of their canal at utes from this time I would yield to the gentleputed control of this “old ditch", or canal Rock creek, in Georgetown, one mile and a for nearly thirty-five years. They have done quarter west of Seventeenth street.
Mr. F. THOMAS. Oh! I beg your pardon. nothing with it except on three different times
Twenty years have elapsed since the Ches- Mr. INGERSOLL. I only want two min. to receive from the Treasury of the United apeake and Ohio Canal Company have used utes more myself. I would consider it highly States $190,000 in the aggregate. They may this part of their canal. It is now filled with improper to offer the gentleman but two minhave spent some of it in cleaning the canal, | sand, mud, and rubbish of one kind and an- utes. but little for the purpose of constructing a other to such an extent that there has not a Mr. Speaker, this franchise is now said to be canal which would be of any benefit to com- canal-boat passed through it for that length of of considerable value to the city of Washing
time, as I am informed. There is at Seven- || ton, and that there would be some great wrong The committee believe to leave this canal as teenth street an old lock with a gate, but it is done in allowing this company to build the it is it will never benefit any one--it will never filled up with earth to such an extent that it work. benefit the city of Washington. The commit- has not been opened for nine years. But yet When the Committee for the District of Cotee believe the city of Washington has for- the gate-keeper stays there, and he told me the lumbia was organized at the commencement of feited whatever rights it had in it. It never other day that the gate had not been opened this session we were importuned by the author. had any real right. It made a contract with
for nine years.
And yet the company keep | ities of the city of Washington to take this canal the original corporators, but subsequently Con- him there and pay him a salary. No wonder off the hands of the city; they besought the gress appropriated $150,000 to pay that claim they pay no dividends if they conduct business committee to take the old canal, which had of the original corporators on the sale of the in that manner.
been a disgrace and a nuisance, and fill it up, canal to the city. I suppose it paid the money If, however, the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal or dig it out, or do something with it in order own pockets or into the city treasury. There | canal, which they have not used for twenty made to build a sewer within the canal and has been no money paid by the citizens of years, whatever right it has is still reserved. then cover it all over with earth, and destroy Washington or the city of Washington in its || The bill does not propose to take anybody's || it forever for any commercial purposes. All corporate capacity for this purchase of the property in any other manner than is usually sorts of propositions were made to the comcanal. So the city of Washington loses nothing | done when you incorporate a company and | mittee; and when this bill was introduced by the bill, but gains immeasurably if these give it authority to take and pay for such prop- || into the Senate two months ago we heard no parties construct a commercial canal in ac.
erty as it may require to carry out the pur- | objection to it. It was carefully examined cordance with the provisions of the bill. It will poses of the incorporation. This company and considered, and it passed the Senate by be a source of revenue, and of great benefit must have some right to take property, but it an almost unanimous vote. After it had been to the city. It will cheapen the price of coal must be so guarded as to protect the rights of considered by the committee of this House and building material of all kinds.
individuals and be compelled to pay for
all the the city of Washington said, all at once, that And so that we shall not trespass upon the property taken before it is applied to the use some right of immense value was being disrights of any person or body-politic, it is pro- of the corporation.
posed of to their injury. vided that whatever rights, public, private, or Such are the provisions of the bill under Now, so far as Congress is concerned, I do corporate, in or to this canal shall be protected. Il consideration. If there are any vested rights Il not suppose it cares who makes the canal
to the original corporators, or put it into
their company have any vested right in this old to relieve the city from it. A proposition was
whether it is done by the Chesapeake and Ohio Housc shall meet to-inorrow this bill would
ENROLLED JOINT RESOLUTIONS. Canal Company, by the corporation of the city come up to-morrow morning. Saturday being Mr. COBB, from the Committee on En, of Washington, or by any other corporation. || private bill day as well as I'riday.
rolled Bills, reported that they had cxamined If a private corporation will construct this Mr. F. THOMAS. Before I utter another and found truly enrolled joint resolutions of canal free of expense to this city and to the word I will ask the gentleman from Illinois if the following titles; when the Speaker signed Government, then I am in favor of that cor- I am to understand that I have the floor as of the same: poration ; and I believe that is what this bill | right or as a concession from him. If I have A joint resolution (S. R. No. 74) providing will accomplish.
it as a right I know how to act; if I hold it as Mr. FARNSWORTH. I find in the four
for the acceptance of a collection of plants a concession from him I also know how to act.
tendered to the United States by Frederick teenth section of this bill the following pro- Mr. INGERSOLL. I want the gentleman | Pech; and vision :
from Maryland [Mr. F. THOMAS) to understand A joint resolution (H. R. No. 116) respecting That the said company shall. within thirty days that it would be as gratifyir.g to me as it would
quarantine and health laws. after the passage of this act, cause a constant stream be to himself to have him occupy the floor as of fresh water to be turned into and upon the said
HUBERT II. BOOLEY. old canal, and to flow through the same from the
a right. But if the House will not allow us any western corporato limits of the city of Washington more time than the morning hour of to day and
Mr. HOLMES asked and obtained leave to to tho Anacostia river, and to continue so to flow the morning hour of next Friday, I must ask
withdraw from the files the petition and papers until the 20th day of October next, in default whereof tho said corporators of said company shall forfeitand a vote in the morning hour.
of Hubert H. Booley. bo jointly and severally liable to pay to the United The SPEAKER. The Chair will state to SECURITY OF GOVERNMENT FUNDS. States the sum of $2,000 recoverable on motion made
the gentleman from Illinois (Mr. INGERSOLI.] || by the mayor of the city of Washington or any other
Mr. HOOPER, of Massachusetts. I ask con. pcrson, after ten days' notice thereof, duly served, that this bill must be disposed of before any sent to report from the Committee on Bauking in the supreme court of the District of Columbia, or other committee can be called for private bills. and Currency a bill to secure and regulate tho any other court having competent jurisdiction.
Mr. INGERSOLL. Will the gentleman from safe-keeping of public money intrusted to disI would ask my colleague [Mr. INGERSOLL) | Məryland state how much time he wants? bursing Officers of the United States, that the if this corporation will be liable to tbis forfeit- Mr. F. THOMAS. I cannot tell that.
same may be printed and recommitted, with ure before they shall signify their acceptance Mr. INGERSOLL. I will ask the Speaker | leave to the committee to report at any time. of the terms of this act. I do not find any how long before the morning hour will expire. Mr. LE BLOND. I will have no objection provision in this bill prescribing that this cor- The SPEAKER. It will expire in four to this bill being reported, ordered to be printed, poration shall signify their acceptance of this minutes.
and recommitted. But I must object to its begrant. Does my colleaguc suppose that this Mr. SPALDING. Will the gentleman from ing reported back at any time. company can be made liable before they have Illinois yield to me to submit a motion to de. Mr. HOOPER, of Massachusetts. If tho done anything to signify that they are a party termine the qnestion whether we are to have a gentleman from Ohio [Mr. LE BLOND) will to this act?
session of the House to-morrow or not? I de- look at the bill, and see what it is, I think he Mr. INGERSOLL. No, sir; I do not think sire to move that when the House adjourns will see that it is important that it should be they could. to-day it be to meet on Monday next.
passed at once. It is for the better security Mr. FARNSWORTH. Should there not Mr. INGERSOLL. I cannot yield for that of public moneys intrusted to the disbursing be a provision in this bill providing that this
purpose now. Now, I want to deal in all fair- officers of the Government. company shall signify their acceptance of this
ness with the gentleman from Maryland and to Mr. LE BLOND. So far as that is congrant within a certain time after the passage accord to him not only his rights but cven cerned the Government has already the power of this act?
I want to be as courteous and indul
to secure that. They should never have per: Mr. INGERSOLL. I am willing to agree gent as it is possible for me to be. But I am mitted these public funds to be intrusted to to any amendment of that kind the gentleman aware that if he now takes the floor without
certain banks. may offer. I will now yield the remainder of restriction, then within one or two minutes the Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. I would the morning hour, but one minute, to the gen- | morning hour will expire, and he will have all ask that this bill be considered now. It is a tleman from Maryland, [Mr. F. Tuomas.) the next morning hour, and then the bill will go most important bill; and I call for its reading
Mr. F. THOMAS. The gentleman from over another week. And in that way this billmay so that the House may see how important it is, Illinois [Mr. INGERSOLL] proposes that I shallin be postponed four or five weeks. Now, if we The bill was read through. the short space of ten minutes answer the argu. are to derive any sanitary advantages from this Mr. LE BLOND. I withdraw my objection, ment which he has submitted to the House on bill, the sooner it is passed, if it is to be passed, || if the gentleman from Massachusetts wants to a measure of vital importance to my constitu- the better. If the gentleman will say that he
put the bill
passage. ency, and at the same time weave into the will yield after having occupied thirty minutes, Mr. HOOPER, of Massachusetts. I hope discussion all those elements which it has I will yield to him with pleasure.
the House will pass the bill; but I do not feel suited the peculiar views of the gentleman to Mr. F. THOMAS. I hope the gentleman at liberty to take up the time of the gentleman leave out of his remarks. Now, it is for the will excuse me if I say that to me one of the from Ohio. House to determine whether such a proposition most unpleasant scenes that cver occurs on the Mr. SCHENCK. I yield for that purpose. is reasonable in itself.
floor of the House is the position that some Mr. HOOPER, of Massachusetts. I demand Now, when the gentleman from Illinois [Mr. | gentlemen claim, to have the right to occupy the previous question on the passage of the bill. Ingersoll) shall have concluded his remarks
the floor and say to other members who shall Mr. McRUER. I object. I will ask the indulgence of the House to en
Mr. HOOPER,. of Massachusetts. I move, deavor to explain fully and clearly the whole speak, how long they shall speak, and when.
Mr. INGERSOLL. I have this much to then, that the bill be ordered to be printed bearing of this proposition, which, as I have say in reply to the gentleman from Maryland, and recommitted; and that the committee have already stated, is of vast importance to the [Mr. F. Tuomas,] that it does seem to me that leave to report at any time. interests I represent; for this is by no means he is determined that I shall not be even court
There was no objection, and it was ordered a local measure. I know I have the opportu- cous, though I am willing to yield to him all || accordingly. nity of consuming the next seven or eight min- the time of the next morning hour that I can. utes, and then this bill will go over, as a matter
EQUALIZATION OF BOUNTIES. But I cannot consent to give him more than of course. But I will deal more courteously || thirty minutes. I want to know if the House
Mr. SCHENCK. Mr. Speaker, I am in. with the House, and ask them to postpone the desires to discuss this bill for three or four structed by the Committee on Military Affairs further consideration of this bill until next
weeks, thereby preventing the reporting of any to report back House bill No. 602, to equalize Friday morning.
other private measure for that time. I will call the bounties of soldiers, sailors, and marines, Mr. INGERSOLL. I am willing, if the the previons question unless the gentleman will
who served in the late war for the Union. House will consent, that thi shall be dis
consent to occupy but half an hour during the The bill, as it now stands, a substitute for cussed for two days, and then the gentleman next morning hour.
the original bill reported by the committee. can have all the time he desires, if the House Mr. F. THOMAS. I cannot promise any- It has been printed, and in possession of the will consent to give it to him. And I will join | thing like that.
House since yesterday. I report back the subwith the gentleman from Maryland in asking the House to give him all tlie time he wishes, il question.
Mr. INGERSOLL. I then call the previous || stitute with a single amendment.
Mr. MORRILL. I am anxious to get through or for two or three hours in addition to what he would have now, if we can have it, say to
The question was taken ; and upon a division
with the internal revenue bill this week, and there were-ayes 25, noes 75.
we will be able to do so if we can have to-day morrow, instead of using up next Friday morn
So the previous question was not seconded. and to-morrow. I ask the gentleman from ing, which is private bill day. I know there
The SPEAKER. The morning hour has
Ohio whether he expects to take up much time. are several other committees that desire to introduce private bills, and the longer this bill | ing hour of the next private-bill day. expired, and this bill goes over until the morn
Mr. SCHENCK. It is what I was going to
explain, but in this House gentlemen antici. is considered on private-bill days the longer
pate and ask for explanation when it is about the other committees will be crowded out.
MESSAGE FROM THE SENATE.
to be made. I was going on to say we report Now, if the House will give us to-morrow, or A message was received from the Senate, by back the substitute with a single amendment, another hour to-day, or a night session, I will be Mr. Forney, its Secretary, notifying the House and propose to ask the action of the House on willing that the gentleman from Maryland (Mr. that that body had passed Senate joint resolu- the substitute as slightly amended, and finally F. Tuomas) shall take all the time he wants. tion No. 87, to provide for the payment of upon the bill as amended.
The SPEAKER. If this bill is debated bounty to certain Indian regiments, in which This is an act eminently of generous justice until the close of the morning hour it will go
he was directed to ask the concurrence of the to the soldiers. I kuow there are a great many over until next Friday morning; or if the House.
gentlemen in this House on both sides, but particularly on the other side, to which the Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That in case the The question was put; and there were-ayes soldier bas always looked for justice and favor,
payments shall be made in the form of a check, or-
93, noes 36.
Mr. ROGERS. I demand the yeas and nays. the bill; but as I and all the committee re- tho claimant may reside, it shall be necessary for the The SPEAKER. They have already been porting the bill are willing to forego any dis
claimant to establish by the affidavits of two credible
Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. I demand tellers. speeches whatever, but to put the bill on its drafts be made negotiable until after such identifica- Tellers were ordered ; and the Speaker ap. passage, I trust there will be general consent tion.
SEC. 8. And be it further enacted, That it shall not
pointed Messrs. Wilson, of lowa, and Schenck. on both sides to that treatment. If gentlemen be lawful for any soldier, sailor, or marine to trans
The House divided; and the tellers reported have prepared speeches on this subject, I sug- fer, assign, barter, or sell his discharge, final state- -ayes 84, noes 33. gest those speeches be yet made on some Sat
ment, descriptive list, or other papers, for the pur- So the substitute was agreed to. urday afternoon, as they will, I have no doubt,
pose of transferring, assigning, bartering, or selling
any interest in any bounty under the provisions of The bill was then ordered to be engrossed; have influence on the minds of Senators when this act; and all such transfers, assignments, barters, and being engrossed, it was ordered to be read the bill goes to that body. or sales heretoforo mado are hereby declared null
a third time. and void as to any rights intended so to be conveyed The substitute was read, as follows: by any such soldier, sailor, or marine.
Mr. SCHENCK. I believe the previous That instead of any grant of land or other bounty, SEC. 9. And be it further enacted, That no adjust- || question has exhausted itself on the third there shall be allowed and paid to each and crery ment or payment of any claim of any soldier, sailor,
reading. I now demand it on the passage of soldier, sailor, and marine who faithfully served as
or marine, or of his proper representatives, under the such in the Army, Navy, or Marine corps of the Uniprovisions of this act, shall be made unless the appli
the bill. ted States, and who has been, or who may hereafter cation be filed within two years from the passage of
Mr. WARD. Is it in order now to move to be, honorably discharged from such service, the sum the act; and the settlement of accounts of deceased
recommit with instructions? of cight and one third dollars per month, or at the
soldiers, sailors, and marines shall be made in the rate of $100 per year, as hereinafter provided, for all same manner as now provided by law.
The SPEAKER. It will be if the previous the timo during which such soldier, sailor, or marine actually so served, between the 12th day of
Mr. BANKS. I hope the chairman of the 1861, and the 19th day of April, 1865. And in the caso amendment: page 3, line six, after the word of any such soldier, sailor, or marine, discharged from "request,” insert "prior to the 9th day of committee will state the operation of this bill the service on account of wounds received in battle,
as compared with the original bill. or whilo ongaged in the line of his duty, the said | April, 1865.". If members will look at the allowance of bounty shall be computed and paid up printed substitute they will find we exclude
Mr. THAYER. I object to discussion. to the end of the term of service for which his cnlist- from bounty those who were discharged on
The SPEAKER. The gentleman from Ohio, ment was made. And in case of the death of any such soldier, sailor, or marine, while in the service, their own application or request. The com
who reported the bill, las a right to occupy
one hour. or in caso of his dcath after discharge and before the mittee, on reconsideration, thought it ought to end of his term of enlistinent, if discharged on account
Mr. SCHENCK. If the House will second apply only to those who did not wait until the of being wounded, as before provided, the allowance and payment shall be made to his widow, if she has
the previous question I will go on and explain war was over. It will relieve from exclusion not been remarried, or if there bo no widow, then to those who did not make the request to be dis
it. First, let us have the previous question the minor child or children of the deceased who inay
seconded. charged from the Army until alter Lee's surbo under sixteen years of age. render.
The previous question was seconded-ayes Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, Tbatin computing and ascertaining the bounty to be paid to any col- Mr. WASHBURN, of Indiana. I would like || 75, noes 34--and the main question ordered. dior, sailor, or marine, or his proper representatives,
Mr. ANCONA. I demand the yeas and to offer the following amendment: strike out under the provisions of this act, there shall be deducted therefromany and all bountiesnlready paid, from the sixth line of section two all after the
nays on the passage of the bill.
Mr. SCHENCK. I propose very briefly, as or payablo under existing laws, by the United States,
word “States'' down to the word “associaor by any State, county, city, town, or other muni- tion" in the seventh line. In the ninth line
many gentlemen request it, to state the differcipal organization, or by any voluntary association, so
strike out the word "all" and insert such." that in no case shall tho aggregate amount of bounty
ences between the substitute and the original allowed and paid from all sources exceed eigbt and Mr. WARD. I ask the gentleman to let me
bill. First, as to the original bill I shall say one third dollars for each month of actual faithful move an amendment.
nothing, because it has been printed and on service, or at the rate of $100 per year. And in the
the tables of gentlemen for some time past. case of any sailor or marino to whom prize money
Mr. SCHENCK. In the first place amend. has been paid, or is payable, the amount of such prize ment is not in order under the rules, as there
The first change made in the bill is in the money shall also be deducted, and only such amount is an amendment pending to an amendment;
first section, at the close, where in limiting the of bounty paid as shall, together with such prize
direction to be given to this bounty to minor money and any other bounty paid or payable by tho and in the second place the Committee on Mil.
children, there is added the further clause that United States, or by any State, county, city, town, or itary Affairs, with great unanimity and cordialother municipal organization, or by any voluntary | ity, agreed to report and have it acted on as it
it shall be given only to those who are under association, amount in the aggregate to the sum allowed by this act. now stands. I demand the previous question.
sixteen years of age. The idea of the comSec. 3. And be it further enacted, That no bounty,
The House divided; and there were-ayes
mittee was that in this country when children under the provisions of this act, shall be paid to or 81, noes 24.
arrive at the age of sixteen they are able to on account of any soldier, sailor, or marino who served as a substituto in either the Army or Navy, or
So the previous question was seconded.
obtain some kind of employment sufficient at who was a captured prisoner of war at the time of
least to sustain themselves. It is in conform
Mr. WARD. Is there to be no means of his enlistment, norto any one who was discharged on
discussing a bill which involves an expenditure ity with the pension law, limiting the extenhis own application or request, unless such discharge was obtained with a view to reënlistment, or to accept of $200,000,000?
sion of the bounty to those minors only who promotion in the military or naval service of the The SPEAKER. Not when the previous
are under sixteen years of age. It saves many United States, or to be transferred from one branch
millions of dollars, though that was not the question is seconded. of the military service to another, and who did actually enlist or accept promotion or was so transferred.
The amendment of the committee to the
In the second section the committee con. And no bounty shall be paid to any soldier, sailor, or substitute was agreed to. marine, discharged on the application or at the re
cluded, in their revision, to insert a provision quest of parents, guardians, or other persons, or on
Mr. JULIAN. If the substitute be voted
that there should be taken into the computa. the ground of minority.
down, then the vote will come up on the ori- tion, in order to determine whether a man had Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That every petition ginal bill. or application for bounty made under the provisions
a sufficient bounty, whatever he had received of this act shall disclose and state specifically under
On motion of Mr. STEVENS, the original bill from local authorities or from local voluntary oath, and under the pains and penalties of perjury, was read in extenso.
associations got up by subscription for the purwhat amount of bounty, either from the United
The question recurred on agreeing to the States or from any other source, and what amount of prize money, if any, has been paid or is payable substitute for the original bill.
pose of relieving from the draft by putting men
in the Army. This some gentlemen have seto the soldier, sailor, or marine, by whom or by whose Mr. WARD. I ask the chairman of the riously objected to. The reasons which prerepresentatives the claim is made. SEC. 5. And be it further enacted, That whenever
Committee on Military Affairs to permit me to vailed with the committee were these: in the application shall be made by any claimant, through have an amendment reported which I desire first place, there is a fairness about it. A man any attorney or agent, the post office address of the to offer.
comes forward and asks to be put, as far as claimant shall be furnished, giving the name of the county and State in which it is situated, and the
Mr. SCHENCK., I have no power over this possible, upon the same footing as others-that amount of commission or fee which the attorney or subject; it is with the House ; but I am per- is, to get under the provisions of this bill $300 agent is to receive for his service in the settlement fectly willing the gentleman shall have his at least for his services in the Army, in addiof the claim, which charges in no caso shall exceed the sum of five dollars; and overy such application
amendment read, if that is the point he desires. tion to his pay and other allowances. The shall be accompanied by the written affidavit of the Mr. ELDRIDGE. Mr. Speaker, is this Government which he approaches in this way attorney or agent, that he has not charged, nor agreed offering of amendments going to be allowed says to him, through its officials, “How much for, and will not accept, more than such sum of five dollars for his services in the case. The Paymaster generally?
have you received from various sources ?" If General, or proper accounting officerof the Treasury, The SPEAKER. It is not. It can only be he has already received over $300, which is upon ascertaining the amount due, shall cause to be transmitted to such claimant the full amount thereof,
amended, after the third reading, by a motion what we propose to give, it is not a case of less the feo to be paid to the attorney or agent, which to recommit with instructions.
peculiar hardship. In dispensing this bounty fee shall be paid to tho attorney or agent in person, Mr. SCOFIELD. I would inquire whether we should not add anything to the sum already or transmitted to such address as the attorney may the previous question is still operating paid where a man has received $300. All we dircct. Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That any attorney
The SPEAKER. It is; and vo debate is 1 promise is to make up the bounty to $300. or agent who shall receive from any claimant a sum in order except by unanimous consent.
Now, that will fall not hardly on those who greater than five dollars for the prosecution of any Mr. ELDRIDGE. I object to debate, unless entered the Army late in the war and got all claim under the provisions of this act, upon conviction thereof shall pay a fine not to exceed the sum it can be made general.
the local bounties, for it so happens that those of $1,000, or imprisonment for a term not less than Mr. BLAINE. I object also.
who got the local bounties got also the bounty one year, or both, is the court or jury may adjudge, Mr. JULIAN. I demand the and
yeas and shall be forever thereafter excluded from prose
from the Government and are outside of the
nays cuting claims of any naturo whatever against the on agreeing to the substitute.
provisions of this bill. The truth is that the Government of the United States.
The yeas and nays were not ordered. bill only applies to and affords help to those who enlisted in 1861 or in the early part of which the law allows. This is to prevent collu- | bounty, whether the colored soldier and his 1862 throughout the whole Union. Those sion between the attorney and the claimant, master together will not receive more than the who went into the Army in 1861 or early in when the claimant finds the attorney unwilling white soldier. And I ask him whether he will 1862 got little or no bounty of any kind, and to act under the law without such secret under- not accept an amendment providing for the got from the General Government only either standing.
repeal of the law which provides for a com$100 or nothing at all. Now, to those who I believe that I have stated now all the mate- mission to take proof of the fact of the slaves received nothing this bill gives $300, and to rial differences between the substitute and the of loyal masters having entered the service, those who received $100 enough to make up original bill; and I am now ready to answer so that compensation may be made. I apprethe amount to $300. Later on in the war the question of my friend from New York, hend that before we give any additional bounty large local bounties were paid, while at the [Mr. HotchkISS.)
that law should be repealed. same time the Government of the United Mr. HOTCHKISS. The inquiry which I Mr. SCHENCK. Well, that certainly is a States was paying bounties. Such men are
desire to make is this: in many cases in my revolver! [Laughter.] I do not know whether cut off from the operation of this bill.
own district, in 1861, the State paid to the I can recollect the whole of the question. But Mr. HOTCHKISS. Wiil the gentleman soldier seventy-five dollars bounty, and the to begin at the close of the gentleman's inquirallow me to ask him a question?
local authorities $225 bounty. In such cases, ies, I will say that I cannot accept any amend. Mr. SCHENCK. No, sir; I cannot. With what is the soldier going to get under this bill? ment, because the bill at its present stage canall due deference to the gentleman from New If the soldier in such a case gets nothing, are not be amended, as I understand the rules, York, I detest these interruptions. At the end we to be subjected to taxation to pay bounties without a recommitment for that purpose, of my remarks I will answer any questions to soldiers raised in communities that gave no unless by unanimous consent. that gentlemen desire. bounty?
In the next place, I will say that the bill does There is another effect of this amendment. Mr. SCHENCK. Mr. Speaker, I think I not provide for paying anything to the former If, by the legislation of Congress, you equalize || have anticipated an answer to that inquiry. I owner of a man who was a slave and was enbounties to the extent of taking care that every have said that the bill declares plainly
listed as a soldier of the United States. The man shall at least have $300 out of the United Mr. HOTCHKISS. Let me ask further bill is specific in its terms, and provides only States Treasury, if he has not obtained it from Mr. SCHENCK. I trust the gentleman will for payment to the soldier, sailor, or marine any other source, and then turn these soldiers wait a moment till I have answered the ques. himself. over to their States you will find them in every tion he has already put.
Mr. WARD. That I understand. State going to their Legislatures and saying, Mr. HOTCHKISS. I am charged and Mr. SCHENCK. The gentleman asks, fur. "See here what the Congress of the United | primed, and I cannot stop till I have dis- ther, whether if the loyal owner has already States has done; now we want you to equalize charged the whole load. [Laughter.] I want received his bounty of $100— the bounties at home; and as some men have to know whether, where we in our State have Mr. WARD. Of $300. been paid $1,000 and $1,500 and others only paid more than three hundred dollars bounty, Mr. SCHENCK. Or of $300, whether he $300 or $400, we want you to follow the ex- the soldiers of the State of New York will be will not get something under this bill. I an. ample of the Government of the United States obliged to pay back anything.
swer, no; he cannot possibly do so. There and equalize the bounties in the State as Con- Mr. SCHENCK. I suppose the gentle- might possibly be a construction put upon the gress has done throughout the United States ;'! man is now through, unless he is a revolver. law by which the owner having got $300 the and it will be very hard to resist that appeal [Laughter.]
negro could get $300 more, on the ground that when made under such a precedent; so that Now, as to the first branch of the inquiry- the negro, who had rendered the service, had by taking the whole thing into account, we the first barrel of the gentleman's gun-the bill received nothing. That
received nothing. That is a question of conrelieve the States from calls that may be made itself answers it. The bill is framed entirely struction. But being a question of construchereafter to equalize bounties in the States as with this view: that every man who presents tion for the courts, under the law as it now Congress has equalized them throughout the himself asking for this bounty of $300 shall be stands no subsequent legislation upon this subUnited States.
interrogated as to how much he has received jeot can affect the contract, though we might Leaving the reference to that change, I come from various sources as bounty for serving his go amend the bill, which I am unwilling to do, to the next alteration made. We cut off from country in addition to his regular pay. It he as to provide that where the master has rethe benefits of the bill substitutes. We have has received $300 or more, he is not to receive ceived bounty, that bounty shall be deducted taken the ground that where a man was hired | anything under this bill. While we do not pro- and paid to the negro. I do not suppose that at some enormous cost to go into the Army for pose to give any one more than $300, nor to the gentleman would desire that. another, he went into the Army taking all the pay any one less than that amount, our object Mr. WARD. No, sir. chances and has no proper claim on the Gov- is that every man who has not received $300 Mr. SCHENCK. But the gentleman says ernment for equalization of bounty with other shall be raised up to that standard.
he would like to have passed an act repealing soldiers who were either compelled to go or These remarks will serve to answer to a great the law with reference to compensation of loyal went voluntarily.
extent the second branch of the inquiry; and owners of slaves enlisted, so that there shall There have been such cases as this before the my echo to the report of that second barrel of be no further action under it. Committee on Military Affairs: a man being the gun, showing that it is only a blank car- Mr. WARD. Exactly. drafted, a relative, without hope of reward, || tridge, will be this
Mr. SCHENCK. So would I; and I am volunteered to go in his place; in another Mr. HOTCHKISS. Perhaps I owed the perfectly willing to unite with the gentleman instance, a returned volunteer, seeing the tears | gentleman an apology; but there is nothing in securing the passage of a bill of that kind of the family of a poor man who was drafted in bis Army bill against the use of revolvers. as a separate enactment; for I think there and was unable to pay for a substitute, volun- || [Laughter.]
would be no difficulty in passing it; or I teered his services and took that man's place. Mr. SCHÊNCK.The gentleman asks whether believe it very probable that members of the But these are exceptional cases. We can only | those who have received more than $300 bounty other branch of Congress, upon suggestion legislate for classes, and leave such men to the I will be compelled to disgorge. The reply to being made to them, would be willing to proreward of an approving conscience and the that is found also in the bill. There is noth- cure the insertion of such a provision in this kindness of their neighbors, who, instead of ling in the bill about paying back. There is bill. But, at the present time, the amendment petitioning Congress, had better subscribe the nothing in the bill that can be construed to re- of this bill cannot be effected without the delay $300 for these men.
quire that those who have received the bounties of recommitment, with the necessity of going We have made another alteration. It was either of the General Government or of a State over this whole subject again. I prefer, thereprovided in the original bill that if a man had government or of any volunteer association or fore, that this bill shall now be passed, trustbeen discharged on his own application or re- municipal organization of any kind shall pay ing that some repealing'act may hereafter be quest he should be cut out from the advan- back any part of that which they have received. adopted as a separate measure, or that a protages of the bounty. In the revision we have I think the gentleman is now fully answered. vision for the purpose may be incorporated in inserted the words, “prior to the 9th day of Mr. WARD. I desire to ask the chairman this bill as an amendment when the bill shall April, 1865,'' which was the date of Lee's sur- of the Committee on Military Affairs whether be considered by the Senate. render, so as not to cut off from the bounty | this bill does not provide for giving bounty to Mr. WARD. Will the gentleman allow me those men who thought the fighting was all colored soldiers.
a moment to state the amendments which I over, and finding it very easy on application Mr. SCHENCK. Unquestionably it does. intended to offer to this bill? to the War Department at that time to get out We hold that a soldier, a sailor, or a marine is Mr. SCHENCK. I have no objection to per of the Army, naturally did so. We save the one who belongs to the organized forces of the mitting the gentleman to have his amendments bounty to every man who was discharged even United States, wearing its uniform. We have read-or, at least, he might hand them to the at his own request and upon his own applica- | therefore said nothing about color, because reporters, and let them be incorporated in his tion, provided he did not make that applica. || the bill covers them all.
remarks, so that he may be enabled to show tion before the fighting was done.
Mr. WARD. So I understand. Now, I || what was the object he had in view, in which, We have inserted another provision, to which desire to ask the gentleman another question. so far as concerns the last point, I entirely I suppose no gentleman will object, requiring | I ask him whether there is not now in force a that the attorney or agent, where one is en- law by virtue of which the loyal owner of a Mr. WARD. The first amendment which I gaged in the case, shall, in filing the papers colored man who volunteered in the United desired to offer was an amendment giving to of the applicant, file along with them his own States service is entitled to recover $300 for the widowed mother who was entirely depend. statement verified by oath, under the pains and such colored man; and such being the law, ent upon a soldier now deceased the bounty penalties of perjury, that he has not charged the master being entitled to $300, and the col- to which he would have been entitled. I de. and will not accept any more than the fees ored man being entitled, under this bill, to a sired a further amendment striking out that
portion of the bill which charges the soldier with the local bounties. In addition to that, I desired to offer the further amendment which I have indicated. That is all that I wished to say.
Mr. BANKS. Will the gentleman from Ohio [Mr. SCHENCK] now yield to me for a moment?
Mr. SCHENCK. Yes, sir.
Mr. BANKS. I understand from the statement of the honorable chairman of the Committee on Military Affairs, from which this bill is reported, that as the bill now stands, the House having adopted a substitute,' any State that has paid bounties up to the amount of $300 will get nothing, under this bill, while it will be compelled to insist in paying the bounties to the soldiers of those States that have not granted any bounties. I ask the gentleman whether I am correct in my understanding of the effect of this bill.
Mr. SCHENCK. I apprehend that there are very few States in which bounties have not been given at all, either by the State or by the counties or other municipal organizations or .by voluntary associations, and where the aggregate local bounty has not exceeded $300. Where that is the case, of course no benefit will be obtained under this bill.
Mr. BANKS. I understand it to be this: that the State which has paid bounties to the amount of $300 gets nothing, and is compelled at the same time to pay, or assist in paying, the bounties of States which have not paid them.
Mr. SCHENCK. Those States have the satisfaction of having treated their soldiers well.
Mr. BANKS. It is a surprise to the House that we should be called upon to vote for or against appropriations of this kind. Mr. SCHENCK. I call for the vote. Mr. ANCONA demanded the yeas and nays.
Mr. BANKS. I move to reconsider the vote by which the main question was ordered; and on that motion I demand the yeas and nays.
Mr. SCHENCK. I move to lay the motion to reconsider on the table.
The House was divided; and there wereayes 68, noes 42. Mr. BANKS demanded the yeas and nays. The yeas and nays were ordered.
The question was taken; and it was decided in the affirmative-yeas 77, nays 62, not voting 44; as follows:
YEAS-Messrs. Allison, Ancona, Anderson, Delos R. Ashley, James M. Ashley, Baxter, Blaine, Boyer, Buckland, Bundy, Reader W. Clarke, Cobb, Darling, Dawson, Defrees, Delano, Denison, Donnelly, Driggs, Eckley, Eggleston, Eldridge, Garfield, Grider, Hale. Aaron Harding, Higby, Hogan, Holmes, Asahel W. Hubbard, Chester D. Hubbard, John H. Hubbard, Edwin N. Hubbell, James R. Hubbell, Ingersoll, Kelley, Kelso, Kerr, Kuykendall, George V. Lawrence, Le Blond, Longyear, Marston, Marvin, McCiurg, MeKce, McRuer, Moorhead, Morrill, Myers, Newell, Niblack, O'Neill, Paine, Patterson, Plants, Price. Samuel J. Randall, William H. Randall, Ritter, Rousscau, Sawyer, Schenck, Scofield, Shellabarger, Sitgreaves, Sloan, Spalding, Strouse: Thayer, Trimble, Trowbridge, Upson, Welker, Williams, Stephen F. Wilson, and Woodbridge-77.
NAYS - Messrs. Alley, Ames, Baker, Baldwin, Banks, Beaman, Bergen, Brandegee, Bromwell, Chanler, Sidney Clarke, Conkling, Cook, Cullom, Davis, Dawes, Deming, Dixon, Dumont, Eliot, FarnsForth, Farquhar, Ferry, Goodyear, Abner C. Harding, Henderson, Hooper, Hotchkiss, Demas Hubbard, James Humphrey, James M. Humphrey, Julian, Ketcham, Laflin, William Lawrenco, Loan, Lynch, Marshall,
McCullough, Morris, Nicholson Perham, Phelps, Pike, Radford, Alexander H. Rice, John H. Rice, Rogers, Rollins, Ross, Stevens, Stil. well, Francis Thomas, John L. Thomas, Van Aernam, Burt Van Horn, Ward,
Henry D. Washburn, William B. Washburn, Whaley, James F. Wilson, and Wright-62.
NOT VOTING-Messrs. Barker, Benjamin, Bidwell, Bingham, Blow, Boutwell, Broomall, Coffroth, Culver, Dodge, Finck, Glossbrenner, Grinnell, Griswold, Harris, Hart, Hayes, Hill, Hulburd, Jenckes, Johnson, Joncs, Kasson, Latham, McIndoe, Mercur, Miller, Moulton, Noell, Orth, Pomeroy, Raymond, Shanklin, Smith, Starr, Taber, Taylor, Thornton, Robert T. Van IIorn, Warner, Elihu B. Washburne, Wentworth, Windom, and Winfield-44.
So the motion to reconsider was laid upon the table.
During the vote,
Mr. CULLOM stated that Mr. Orth, was confined to his room by illness.
The vote was then announced as above ference committee on House bill No. 85, in recorded.
relation to the donation of lands in the southThe question then recurred on the passage ern States for homesteads, and Mr. Ancona of the bill.
was appointed in his place. Mr. ANCONA demanded the yeas and nays. The yeas and nays were ordered.
ADJOURNMENT OVER. The question was taken; and it was decided Mr. SPALDING. I move that when the in the allirmative-yeas 139, nays 2, not voting | House adjourns to-day it adjourn to meet on 42; as follows:
Monday. YEAS-Messrs. Alley, Allison, Ames, Ancona, An
Mr. MORRILL. I desire the House should derson, Delos R. Ashley, James M. Ashley, Baker,
be long enough in session to finish the tax bill Baldwin, Banks, Baxter, Beaman, Bergen, Bidwell, Blaine, Boyer, Bromwell, Buckland, Bundy, Chanler,
this week. Reader W. Clarke, Sidney Clarke, Cobb, Conkling, The motion was not agreed to. Cook, Cullom, Darling, Davis, Dawes, Dawson, Defrees, Delano, Deming, Denison, Dixon, Dodge,
TAX BILL. Donnelly, Driggs, Dumont, Eckley, Eggleston, Eldridge, Eliot, Farnsworth, Farquhar, Ferry, Garfield,
Mr. MORRILL moved that the rules be susGrider, Griswold, Hale, Aaron Harding, Abner C.
pended, and that the House resolve itself into Harding, Henderson, Higby, Hogan, Holmes, Ilooper, Hotchkiss, Asahel W. Hubbard, Chester D. Hubbard,
the Coinmittee of the Whole on the state of Demas Hubbard, John H. Hubbard, Edwin N. Hub- the Union on the special order. bell, James R. Hubbell, James Ilumphrey, James The motion was agreed to. M. Humphrey, Ingersoll, Julian, Kelley, Kelso, Kerr, Ketcbam, Kuykendall, Laflin, George V.
So the rules were suspended; and the House Lawrence, William Lawrence, Le Blond, Loan, || accordingly resolved itself into the Committee Longyear, Lynch, Marshall, Marston, Marvin, Mc
of the Whole on the state of the Union, (Mr. Clurg. McCullough. McKee, McRuor, Moorhead, Morrill, Morris, Myers, Newell, Niblack, O'Neill,
Dawes in the chair,) and resumed the considPaine, Patterson, Perhom, Phelps, Piko, Plants, eration of the special order, being a bill of the Price, Radford, Samuel J. Randall, William H. Ran
House (No. 513) to amend an act entitled dall, Alexander II. Rice, John H. Rice, Ritter, Rogers, Rollins, Ross, Rousseau, Sawyer, Schenck,
"An act to provide internal revenue to supScofield, Shellabarger, Sitgreaves, Sloan, Spalding, || port the Government, to pay interest on the Stevens, Stilwell, Strouse, Taylor, Thayer, Francis
public debt, and for other purposes," approved Thomas, John L. Thomas, Trowbridge, Upson, Van Aernam, Burt Van Horn, Ward, Henry D. Washburn, June 30, 1864, and acts amendatory thereof. William B. Washburn, Welker, Whaley, Williams, The pending paragraph was as follows: James F. Wilson, Stephen F. Wilson, Woodbridge, and Wright---139,
Tin cans used for preserved meats, fish, shel fish, NAYS-Messrs. Nicholson and Trimble-2.
fruits, vegetables, jams, and jellies. NOT VOTING-Messrs. Barker, Benjamin, Bing- Mr. KELLEY. I move to strike out all ham, Blow, Boutwell, Brandegee, Broomall, Coffroth, Culver, Finck, Glossbrenner, Goodyear, Grinnell,
after the word " for'' and insert the words " for Harris, Hart, Hayes, Hill, Hulburd, Jenckes, John- packing purposes only;" so that it will read, son, Jones. Kasson, Latham, McIndoo, Mercur, "tin cans used for packing purposes only." Miller, Moulton, Noell, Orth, Pomcroy, Raymond, Shanklin, Smith, Starr, Taber, Thornton, Robert T. We have already included 'packing-boxes Van Horn, Warner, Elihu B, Washburne, Went- made of wood.” Now, packing-boxes are used worth, Windom, and Winfield-42.
for a variety of articles, and the amendment So the bill was passed.
simply proposes to embrace all tin vessels During the roll-call,
made for packing purposes only. It may be Mr. CULLOM said: The gentleman from said that crackers and other articles are sent Indiana, Mr. Orth, is ill. If he was here he out in tin cans. That is very true. There is would vote for the bill.
no reason why they should not be, nor any Mr. RADFORD. My colleague, Mr. Win. reason why the box containing them, if made FIELD, is confined to his room by sickness. If of tin, should be taxed while a wooden box in here he would vote in the affirmative.
which they might be sent is exempt from tax. Mr. STILWELL. My colleague, Mr. Hill, Mr. MORRILL. These tin cans for preis confined to his house by sickness. If here served meats, fish, fruits, &c., are exempted he would vote for the bill.
because we have placed a stamp duty on those Mr. LE BLOND. My colleague, Mr. Finck, articles. The gentleman proposes to exclude is absent. If here he would vote in favor of from taxation by his amendment a great variety this bill.
of articles--not only boxes and cans for crackMr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. My col. ers, but for such articles as blacking, soda league, Mr. COFFROTH; is absent. If here he powders, ground mustard, sardines, pill-boxes, would vote for the bill.
and other articles too numerous to mention. Mr. RICE, of Maine. The gentleman from Mr. KELLEY. I suggest a modification. Minnesota, Mr. WINDOM, is absent. If pres- Mr. MORRILL. My modification is to ent he would vote "ay.”
reject the amendment. Mr. ANCONA. My colleague, Mr. John- The amendment was not agreed to. son, is still detained by sickness. If here he
Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. I move would vote for the bill.
to strike out the word "and", and to insert Mr. COBB. My colleague, Mr. McINDOE,
"spices and medicines.”' is absent by leave of the House. If here he The amendment was not agreed to. would vote “ay.'
Mr. MORRILL. I move to add the followMr. CULLOM. My colleague, Mr. MoulTon, is absent. If he was here he would vote
ing as a new paragraph: for the bill.
Sugar, molasses, or sirup made from beets, sugar
maple, or from sorghum or impheo. The vote having been announced as above recorded,
The amendment was agreed to. Mr. SCHENCK moved to reconsider the Mr. MORRILL. With the leave of the comvote just taken ; and also moved that the mo- mittee I will here offer such amendments as tion to reconsider be laid on the table.
have been agreed upon by the Committee of The latter motion was agreed to.
Ways and Means, so that members may underLEAVE OF ABSENCE.
stand what are to be offered by the committee Mr. ANCONA asked and obtained leave of
and what not, and where they are to come in. absence for his colleague, Mr. Denison, for
Mr. THAYÉR. I have no objection if it is two weeks from to-day.
understood that we have not passed this para
graph. APPRAISEMENT OF LAND IN OITO.
Mr. MORRILL. I move to insert after line On motion of Mr. LE BLOND, the report || eighty-five ''muriatic, nitric, and acetic acid." of the Secretary of the Interior, in relation to The amendment was agreed to. the appraisement of certain land in Ohio be.
Mr. MORRILL. In line eighty-six, after longing to William Sawyer and others, was the word “alum," insert “ aluminous cake, taken from the Speaker's table and referred patent alum, and sulphate of aluminum." to the Committee on Appropriations.
The amendment was agreed to.
Mr. MORRILL. After line ninety-two