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in favor of it; but I move its reference to the samo regulations and restrictions as other ports of how and why a port of delivery may be needed Committee on Naval Affairs.

delivery in the United States, and there shall be at Council Bluffs. That is all I can say on the

appointed a surveyor of customs to resido at said The motion was agreed to. port, who shall, in addition to his own duties, per

subject. We have a custom-house at Dubuque COLONIZATION OF AFRICANS.

Torm the duties and receive the salary and emolu- and a port of entry there, and I am satisfied

ments of surveyor prescribed by the act of Congress Mr. MORRILL submitted the following res. approved on the 2d of March, 1831, providing for the

that there is as much necessity for one and the olution; which was considered by unanimous payment of duties on imported goods at certain ports

other at Council Bluffs as there is at Dubuque. therein mentioned, entitled "An act allowing the Mr. TRUMBULL. We have had various consent, and agreed to:

duties on foreign merchandise imported into PittsRegolved, That the President be requested to com- burg, Wheeling. Cincinnati, Louisville, St. Louis,

ports of entry or delivery in the West, and I municate to the Senato the transactions of the exec- Nashville, and Natchez, to be secured and paid at

believe that some of them have merely given utive government under the several acts of Con- those places;” and the said city of Portland and the places for officers. I know I looked into this gress of April 10, 1862, May 12, 1862, and July 17, 1862, said port of delivery bo, and is hereby, annexed to for the transportation, colonization, and settlement and made a part of the collection district of the State

matter some years ago and ascertained that of such persons of the African race as are mentioned of Oregon, and all the facilities and privileges af

there were throughout the United States—I in those acts respectively, and especially what colo- forded by the said act of Congress of the 2d of March, had at that time the tables before me-various pization measures havo been adopted, if any, the 1831, be, and are hereby, extended to the said port of

Portland. number of persons colonized, with expenses incurred.

points where we had ports of delivery where

the salary amounted to more than all the duties WOMEN'S HOSPITAL.

Mr. TRUMBULL. If I heard the bill cor- which the officer collected. I do not know that The PRESIDENT pro tempore laid before rectly, it is a bill to establish a port of delivery that would be the case at Council Bluffs. I was the Senate the amendments of the House of for foreign goods away up near the source of inquiring rather for information. I think there Representatives to the bill (S. No. 167) to the Missouri river. I do not know that there

are one or two in my own State that have been incorporate the Women's Hospital Associa- is a probability of there being any importations | discontinued recently. We had them all along tion of the District of Columbia.

from Europe at that point. I should like to the Mississippi, and at one time there was a The first amendment of the House of Rep- hear some explanation of the bill from the disposition to build custom-houses all over the resentatives was in section one, line three, after Senator from Maine, (Mr. Morrill,] who I country. The fact that a port of delivery has the first word “that’ to insert the following | believe reported it, to know why it is neces- been established improperly at some place among the names of the corporators: "Abramsary to establish a port of delivery at that point.

where it was not needed, is not a sufficient res. D. Gillette, Byron Sunderland, William B. It may be all right, but I did not suppose that son for establishing another. However, as I Matchett, Henry D, Cooke, William W. Cor- foreign goods were landed there.

am not informed about this matter and the Sen. coran, Charles Knap, J. H. Thompson, Moses

Mr. HENDERSON. That does not follow ator from Maine thinks there was some reason Kelly, Ansel St. John.'' because it is a port of delivery,

for it at the Treasury Department, I suggest that Mr. MORRILL. I move that the Senate

Mr. WILLIAMS. I think I can assure the the bill had better go over until we are better concur in that amendment.

Senator that it is necessary so far as the city informed. The motion was agreed to.

of Portland is concerned. This bill is reported Mr. MORRILL. I was going to make that

fro The Secretary read the second amendment

the Committee on Commerce as an amend suggestion. I do not wish it to pass on my

ment to a bill that I introduced. I have no of the House of Representatives, which was in

account. the first section, line three, after the name

interest in making the city of Council Bluffs a Mr. TRUMBULL. If there is a reason for “Adelaide J. Brown" to strike out all the

port of delivery, but I am interested, and it is it, I have no objection ; but I do not see why names to and including that of “Mary K.

not difficult to show, that the city of Portland, it should be. Lewis" in line seven, except that of “Mary

in Oregon, ought to be a port of delivery, as Mr. GRIMES. I simply desire to say that W. Kelly," and to insert • Elmira W. Knap, large quantities of foreign goods are brought I coneur in what my colleague has said, that Mary C. Havermer, Mary Ellen Norment, Jane || there and delivered in that city.

the same necessity exists, I think, for the estabThompson, Maria L. Harkness, Isabella Mar

Mr. TRUMBULL. That may be true in lishment of a custom-house at Council Bluffs garet Washington, and Mary F. Smith.” regard to the city of Portland, but I should that existed for the establishment of one at Mr. MORRILL. I should like to have the

like to know of the Senator from Oregon if he Keokuk, or at Burlington, where I reside, or at names proposed to be stricken out read. thinks that is true in regard to Council Bluffs. Dubuque. I am not aware that there is any The Secretary. The names proposed to

Mr. WILLIAMS. I know nothing about reason additional to those that exist as to the be stricken out are “Mrs. Jane L. Smith,

Council Bluffs. I introduced a bill to make office in this place. The truth is, Mr. PresiMrs. Harriet B. Blanchard, Mrs. Maria M.

Portland, in Oregon, a port of delivery. That | dent, that the offices in that State of this deCarter, Mrs. Jane Farnham, Mrs. Ann J. Gilbill was referred to the Committee on Com

scription, as well as offices everywhere else of lette, Mrs. Kathleen Carlisle, Mrs. Sarah C. merce, and they reported back the bill, with

this character, ought to be abolished, and I am Jones, Mrs. Mary K. Lewis.'

an amendment striking out what I introduced, || ready to vote to abolish them, and am not preMr. MORRILL. I do not know anything | and inserting this proposition, which includes pared to vote to establish any others. I was about the circumstances, and I move that the Council Bluffs as a port of delivery.

not aware that there was any such proposition bill and amendments lie on the table for the

Mr. TRUMBULL. I hope we shall have as this here until I heard it read in the bill at present.

some explanation of the necessity of a port of the Secretary's desk: Burlington, where I The motion was agreed to. delivery at Council Bluffs.

reside, has been a port of delirery a great many Mr. MORRILL. In reply to the Senator years, long before I was a member of this body, PORTS OF DELIVERY.

from Illinois, as he appealed to me, I will say and I think that there was one delivery of forMr. WILLIAMS. move that the Senate || that I had no special charge of this bill, and eign goods there; I think there was once some take up for consideration the bill (S. No. 196) || did not report it. I have only a general rec- railroad iron brought there which was delivered to extend the port of entry of the collection ollection that this amendment was drawn at in bond. That is the only business of that district of the State of Oregon.

the Treasury Department and said to be neces- description, so far as I know or have been The inotion was agreed to; and the Senate,

sary to prevent smuggling in that region of the informed, ever done there. During the war as in Committee of the Whole, proceeded to country. That is all I can say of it now. this office of surveyor of the port became of consider the bill, which had been reported from Mr. TRUMBULL. I do not know how any some value to the Government. the Committee on Commerce with an amend

smuggling is to be carried on at that point. Mr. KIRKWOOD. Will my colleagne allow ment to strike out all of the bill after the en

Perhaps my friend from Iowa [Mr. Kirk- me one moment? May it not be that this is acting clause in the following words-- woon] can tell us.

asked for on account of the delivery of the iron That the port of entry of the collection district of Mr. KIRKWOOD. The honorable Sena- at Council Bluffs or Omaba for the Pacific railthe State of Oregon be extended so as to embrace the

tor from Illinois is somewhat misinformed | road? city of Portland, and that vessels and ships be allowed to load and unload at said city, and that the Secre- in locating Council Bluffs so far up on the Mr. GRIMES. I was going to state that. tary of the Treasury be authorized to build or rent Missouri river.

During the war these officers became of a good the necessary bonded warehouses at said city

Mr. TRUMBULL. It is pretty far up. And to insert in lieu thereof the following:

deal of value. To them was intrusted the busi

Mr. KIRKWOOD. It is much nearer the ness of looking after contraband articles that That Council Bluffs, in the State of Iowa, shall be, mouth of that river than the sources of it. It and is hereby, constituted a port of delivery, and is almost due west from the residence of my

were being run over the railroads and taken shall be subject to the same regulations and restric

down into Missouri and there furnished to guertions as other ports of delivery in the United States; colleague, on the Mississippi, Burlington, at rillas; and I have no doubt that all the expense and there shall be appointed a surveyor of customs to reside at said port, who shall, in addition to his

which place there is a port of entry or deliv- | the Government was put to in establishing and own duties, perform the duties and receive the sal

ery; I do not know which. It is not nearly as maintaining them was amply compensated. ary and emoluments of surveyor prescribed by the far north as Dubuque, in the State of Iowa, The Senator from Maine states that this propact of Congress approved on the 2d of March, 1831, at which place there is, I think, a port of entry | osition, as I understand, came from the Treasproviding for the payment of duties on imported goods at certain ports therein mentioned, entitled

and a custom-house. Dubuque is on the Mis- ury Department. "An act allowing the duties on foreign merchandise | sissippi river. Council Bluffs is immediately Mr. MORRILL. I so understood, though I imported into Pittsburg. Wheeling, Cincinnati, Lou- opposite the eastern terminus of one branch was not sure. isville, St. Louis, Nashville, and Natchez, to be secured and paid at those places;" and the said town

of the Pacific railroad, at Omaha, in Nebraska Mr. GRIMES. It may be possible, and of Council Bluffs and the said port of delivery be, and Territory. I am not familiar enough with the quite probable, indeed, if that be so, that there is hereby, annexed to and made a part of the collection district of New Orleans, and all the facilities

country to say whether a port of delivery be is some substantial reason why the recommen. and privileges afforded by the said act of Congress

needed there or not; but I can say this, that dation was made; and therefore I hope that of the 20 of March, 1831, be, and are hereby, extended if one be needed at Galena, in the State of the bill will be permitted to lie over until toto the said port of Council Bluffs.

Illinois, at Burlington, in the State of Iowa, SEC. 2. And be it further enacted. That Portland, in

morrow, when we can ascertain something furthe State of Oregon, shall be, and is heroby, consti

and if a port of entry and a custom-house be ther about it. It may be, as has been suggested tuted a port of delivery, and shall be subject to the needed at Dubuqne, I can very well conceive Il by my colleague, that in consequence of the

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prosecution of the Pacific railroad, which ends question is on that motion of the Senator from ment was in section two, line ten, after the on the other side of the river front Council Kansas.

word "preëmption" to insert " or homestead Bluffs, it may be desirable that such an office The motion was not agreed to.

settlement;' so that the clause will read: should be established.


Excepting lands reserved or otherwise appropriated Mr. WILLIAMS. I am very confident, if

Mr. WILSON. I now move to postpone all

by law, or to which the right of preemption or homo

stead settlement is attached. this bill was prepared in the Treasury Depart

other matters and take up House joint resolu. The amendment was agreed to. ment, that it is necessary to make Council Bluffs a port of delivery, because I know that

tion No. 134, relative to appointments to the The next amendment was to add at the end I have addressed that Department on these

Military Academy of the United States. of section two the following proviso : subjects, and I find that they are very reluctant

The motion was agreed to; and the Senate And provided further, That said additional quanto extend any privileges involving expense resumed the consideration of the joint resolu- tity of lands shall be disposed of only as follows:

whenever proof shall bo furnished, satisfactory to unless there is an absolute necessity for it. So ment of Mr. NESMITH to add the following as

the Secretary of the Interior, that twenty consccutivo far as the city of Portland is concerned, there

miles of said railroad have been constructed, in a a new section :

good, substantial, and workmanlike manner, then all are immense quantities of foreign goods brought

of said additional lands lying along and opposite to

And be it further resolved, That hereafter the Superto that city, The trade of eastern Oregon, of intendent of the Military Academy may be selected

said completed portion may be sold, and so on untia portion of Washington Territory, and of Idaho from any corps of the Army.

the work is completed. Territory, with British Columbia, is through The question being taken by yeas and nays,

The amendment was agreed to. the city of Portland, and there is a great neces- resulted-yeas 18, nays 19; as follows:

The next amendment was in section three, sity for making that place a port of delivery. YEAS-Messrs. Chandler, Davis, Doolittle, Guth- line four, to strike out the word "from" and It would be a great advantage to the persons rie, Hendricks, Howard, Kirkwood, Lame of Indi- to insert the word “for;' and also to striko concerned in that trade. I do not wish to have

ana, Lane of Kansas, Nesmith, Norton, Ramsey,
Sherman. Stewart, Trumbull, Wade, Williams, and

out the following proviso at the end of the that proposition which I introduced loaded Yates-18.

section: down with and defeated by a proposition of

NAYS- Messrs. Anthony, Clark, Conness, Cowan, Provided, That no person who has held any offico this kind, about which gentlemen seem to have

Cragin, Fessenden, Foster, Grimes. Harris, Hender- orappointment under the governmentoftheso-called

son, Howe, Johnson, Morgan, Morrill, Pomeroy, confederate States," or who has borno arms against question, when there can be no sort of question Sumner, Van Winkle, Willey, and Wilson-19. the United States, sball ben director in any railroad as to the correctness of the proposition which ABSENT - Messrs. Brown, Buckalew, Creswell, company receiving the benefit of this grant. I submitted. But if it is deemed desirable the

Dixon, Edmunds, McDougall, Nye, Poland, Riddle, The amendment was agreed to.

Saulsbury, Sprague, and Wright-12. bill can lie over until to-morrow. I am sure

So the amendment was rejected.

Mr. POMEROY. The Senator from Mig. that on inquiry it will be found, in the judgment

The amendment heretofore made was or

souri [Mr. HENDERSON] has an amendment of the Treasury Department, that this measure is necessary. dered to be engrossed and the joint resolution

that I should like to have reported to this bill. Mr. WILSON. Is this measure to go over? to be read a third time. The joint resolution

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The bill The PRESIDENT pro tempore. No motion was read the third time and passed.

is still open to amendment.

Mr. LANE, of Kansas. I should like to to postpone it has been made.


have an opportunity of examining this bill and Mr. POMEROY. I move to postpone the On motion of Mr. DOOLITTLE, it was three others affecting the same section of coun. present and all prior orders and take up the Ordered, That when the Senate adjourn to-day, it try, which are pending before the Senate, and bill (S. No. 285) granting lands to the State of be to meet on Monday next.

I will ask the chairman of the committee to let Kansas to aid in the construction of the Kan


this bill lie over for the present, and I will sas and Neosho Valley railroad and its exten- Mr. POMEROY. I move to take up Sen- agree with him at an early day to take them called up by the Senator from Missouri (Mr. ateThe motion was agreed to ; and the Senate, Mr. POMEROY, My colleague may not be HENDERSON) the other day, but it then went as in Committee of the whole, proceeded to aware that this is simply a revival of an old over. I think we have time to consider it this

consider the bill (S. No. 223) to revive and grant. . In 1853 a grant of land was made to morning during the morning hour.

extend the provisions of an act granting the the State of Arkansas for a railroad. That Mr. #ENDRICKS. I am opposed to con- right of way and making a grant of land to the grant lapsed in 1863, during the war. They sidering that bill at this time. There is only | States of Arkansas and Missouri, to aid in the built a little portion of the road, and abandoned half an hour left of the morning hour, and it construction of a railroad from a point upon it during the war. The State of Arkansas will be discussed as a matter of course. What the Mississippi, opposite the mouth of the Ohio never had but one grant. I thought, and the I desire to say on the bill I should like to say river, via Little Rock, to the Texas boundary, committee thought, that that grant ought to be at the time we dispose of it. To make an ex- near Fulton, in Arkansas, with branches to revived, so that the State may ultimately have amination of the bill this morning, and then let Fort Smith and the Mississippi river, approved an opportunity, within the next ten years, of it go over to another morning, and then to dis- | February 9, 1853, and for other purposes. building this road. This bill simply revives cuss it and have it postponed again, is no way It proposes to revive and extend the act and enlarges the grant to ten sections per mileto have the discussion fully understood. I do mentioned in its title, with all the provisions the original grant was only six sections-and not want very much of the time of the Senate therein made, for the term of ten years, and extends the time within which to complete the when I speak upon it, but I want what remarks all the lands therein granted, which reverted road for ten years. I make to be made at the time the vote is taken to the United States under the provisions of Mr. TRUMBULL. I should like to inquire by the Senate; it is impossible to do so this that act, are restored to the same custody, con- of the chairman of the committee reporting this morning

trol, and condition, and made subject to the bill if any portion of the route is through the Mr. WILSON. I hope the Senator from uses and trusts in all respects as they were Indian country, or through lands belonging to Kansas will withdraw his motion and let us before and at the time such reversion took the Indians. finish the West Point bill we had up yesterday | effect.

Mr. POMEROY. Not any portion of it, as morning. I think we can get through with it There is also hereby granted, added to, and I understand. in a few minutes.

made part of the former donation of lands, Mr. TRUMBULL. Then I should like to Mr. POMEROY. Several efforts have been and to be held and disposed of in the same

call his attention to the third section of the made to get up the bill to which I call the at- manner as if included in the original grant, bill, which providestention of the Senate. It is entirely with the all the alternate sections and parts of sections, That all thelands mentioned in this act, and hereby Senate to say whether they will consider it | designated by odd numbers, lying along the granted, are reserved from entry, preëmption, or apnow or at some other time. I know that all outer line of lands heretofore selected, and

propriation to any other purpose than herein contem

plated, for the said termof ten years from the passage the bills from the Committee on Public Lards within ten miles on each side thereof, except- of this act. which have yet to pass the House of Repre- || ing lands reserved or otherwise appropriated I submit to the Senate whether it is proper sentatives will bave a very poor show there by law, or to which the right of preëmption to tie up the public lands in that way. I am a unless we pass them here before the Commit- has attached; but this additional quantity of

member of the Indian Committee at the pres: tee on Public Lands of that House is called || lands when added to the lands heretofore ent session of Congress, and although not very for reports. It has not yet been called; and granted is not to exceed, in the aggregate, suf- familiar with Indian affairs, I find that in the that is the only point there is in reference to | ficient to amount to ten sections for each 'mile making of treatiesprith the Indian tribes we are this matter. of railroad.

very much embarrassed by these grants of lands Mr. WILSON. I shall be much obliged to All the lands mentioned in this act, and for railroad purposes. It isinsisted that these the Senator if he will not call up that bij this granted by it, are to be reserved from entry, grants take the lands, notwithstanding they have morning, but will allow me to have the West || preëmption, or appropriation to any other pur. been reserved for the Indians, and that the Point bill taken up and disposed of.

pose than that contemplated, for the term of United States, by passing a law of this characMr. POMEROY. "I would rather have a ten years from the passage of the act; but no ter granting the public lands on each side of a vote upon the question. If the pleasure of person who has held any office or appointment railroad, obligates itself to remove the Indians the Senate is to postpone the bill, I shall be under the government of the so-called con- so that the grant may take effect through their entirely satisfied.

federate States, or who has borne arms against country. We shall have to appropriate several Mr. WILSON. I move, then, to take up- the United States, is to be a director in any hundred thousand and probably millions of dol.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. There is railroad company receiving the benefit of this lars at this session of Congress in consequence already a motion pending to postpone the pres. || grant.

of railroad grants through Indian country. ent and all prior orders and proceed to the The Committee on Public Lands reported Mr. POMEROY. There is no Indian country consideration of Senate bill No. 285. The the bill with amendments. The first amend- here.

for ten years.

Mr. TRUMBULL. I understand there is

man. It is upon his application that the time from Indiana, I wish to say that he did not not in this bill; but we are notified by the other is now extended. The Senator knows that the

answer at all the suggestion which I made. I Senator from Kansas, (Mr. Lane,] ihat this is | financial trouble of 1857, and then the war was not objecting to a land grant, nor to reseryone of four bills, and a good many of the coming on, prevented the construction of many | ing from sale a portion of the public lands in Kansas roads run through Indian country. I railroads. This was one of the roads not con- aid of such a granit. I did not object to the looked cursorily into the statutes and the structed within the time limited by the act of bill

upon that ground, and propose to require treaties, and I was rather of the opinion that Congress; but bonds have been issued and that the Government should go on and sell the these giants of land through the Indian coun- stock subscribed, and the committee thought || lands from day to day; but it seemed to me try which had been reserved to the Indians by it was but fair to allow a reasonable time for that the length of time here proposed, ten treaty were nugatory; that they did not carry the completion of this road, as we have done years, was an unreasonable time to tie np these anything with the grant; that it was incon- in almost every other State where the com- lands. I quite agree with what the Senatot sistent with the treaty obligation of the Gov: panies have been unable to finish the road

from California has said, that where parties ernment. But it is replied to that that good within the time fixed. The grants are made had rights which were interrupted by the rebel. faith requires the Government of the United upon the condition that the roads shall be con- lion, it is no more than proper that they should States to make these grants good, that they | structed within ten years. That has been the be continued; but the fact that people in the have held out to capitalists that they shall have character of all the grants since the first grant State of Illinois are interested in it, or that a every alternate section of land for ten miles on made to the State of Illinois for the great Cen- || gentleman from that State is president of the each side of the road, and that they are bound tral road. The condition is that the road must road, does not alter the propriety of making to get the Indians out of the way.

be finished within ten years, else the lands | the grant, nor would it alter my course in refI make these rema not in reference to granted shall revert to the Government. Now, erence to the bill. It seems to me that this this special bill, which I trust will go over and the Senator knows that in 1857 a very severe third section ties up the land quite too long. be looked into, for it seems to me that this financial crisis came upon the country and The other suggestions which I made in regard third section is objectionable. I do not believe stopped almost all work upon railroads. It to these land grants generally were not appliin tying up the public lands of the country for | affected enterprises in Iowa, Wisconsin, and cable to this particular bill, because I under: ten years from settlement in this way.

in other States; and during the last and the stand this road does not go through the Indian Mr. POMEROY. The Senator from Illi- | present session of Congress we have extended country. I made those suggestions because I nois by reading the section carefully will see in some cases for five years, and in some cases, understood that there were other bills, as was that it is only the alternate odd sections that I believe, for eight years, the time within which stated by the Sena'or from Kansas, [Mr. Laxe,] are reserved for ten years. It is not the public the roads might be completed, giving a reason- for roads which might prubably go through the lands.

able time for the completion of ihe roads. Indian country; and I had found in my action Mr. TRUMBULL. I would not reserve them | Now, if the Senator thinks that ten years is upon the Committee on Indian Affairs, that too long, let him propose an amendment; but

we were very much embarrassed in providing Mr. POMEROY. No railroad bill ever certainly he will not defeat the investment of for the Indians, and the Government was put passed Congress that did not reserve for a lim- money already made, mainly by men from the

to expense in consequence of these land grants; ited period the odd-numbered sections, and the northern States, in this particular road, upon and I think that when we make the grants they company were to get them as fast as they built the technical proposition that the time limited ought to be made in a way not to complicate the road. That is the provision in every bill. has expired.

our difficulties with the Indian tribes. We do not reserve all the country from settle. Mr. CONNESS. This provision had attracted Mr. HENDERSON. I offer this amend. ment. The even sections can be entered at my own attention, and I was about to speak of

ment to come in as a proviso at the end of the any time all along the line of this road. This || it when the Senator from Illinois rose. I find

third section of the bill: section simply reserves from settlement and it, at least in its objectiouable form to my mind,

Provided, That all lands heretofore given to the preëmption the odd-numbered sections for a in the first section, in the revival and extension

State of Missouri for the construction of the Cairo distance of ten miles on each side of the road. "for the term of ten years from the passage

and Fultop railroad, or for the use of said road, lying Mr. TRUMBULL. Will the Senator allow of this act." I wish to say that I am in favor

in the State of Missouri, and all lands proposed to

be granted by this act for the use or in aid of the said me to ask him if it has ever been the policy of of continuing rights to this company or to any road herein named, and lying in the State of Misthe Government to reserve for such a lengthy | company who will build a road through the new souri, shall be granted and patented to the said State period the lands from settlement?

territory; but I do not think that this is the right state, which lands may be held by the State of MisMr. POMEROY. Yes, sir. form of condition, nor that it is the usual form

souri and used for paying the State for the amount Mr. TRUMBULL. Then I think we had of condition ; but if it be, I join the Senator of bonds heretofore issued by it to aid said company, better change that policy and allow the country from Illinois in saying that it is time to change

and all interest aceruing or to accrue thereon. to be settled.

it. The fair terms upon which a grant of the In 1853 a grant of land was made by ConMr. POMEROY. These very lands, acre public lands may be given to a company should gress to the State of Missouri for the use and for acre, were reserved for ten years, from 1853 be distinctly stated. This may be considered benefit of this road, or to aid in its constructo 1863.

as a new grant; but in reviving it, it should be | tion; and the State granted the lands to the Mr. TRUMBULL. And now you propose

continued to the same parties, in my opinion. company. There was a company organized to reserve them for twenty years.

But it has lapsed, and they have no rights in called the Cairo and Fulton Railroad ComMr. POMEROY. Yes, sir; to give another it; and it is, to all intents and purposes, a new pany. There was a magnificent grant of lands, ten years with which to build this road.

grant to be made to them. Then I think the as I understand, given also to the State of Mr. TRUMBULL. They have built no road, conditions that should accompany it should

Arkansas for the same purpose. A company and yet you propose to keep this land out of require that they begin the road within a given was organized about the year 1854, 1855, or market for twenty years.

time, say two years, as provided in all the bills || 1856, who obtained, in addition to the lands Mr. POMEROY. They have built a part of I have introduced asking for grants to railroad that were granted by Congress, a grant of some the road.

companies, and then require that they shall || $700,000 in bonds from our State; and they Mr. CONNĖSS obtained the floor.

construct a certain number of miles each year used those -bonds, built some twenty-five or Mr. HENDRICKS. If the Senator from thereafter, and that they shall construct the thirty miles of road with the proceeds of the California will allow me, I wish to ask the Sen- whole extent of the road within a given time, bonds they sold, and the State of Missouri has ator from Illinois one question. I feel the force and that they sball be entitled to land con- been compelled ever since that time to pay the of what he says, but I want to know of him how terminous with the road as fast as they con- interest on the bonds. The company has never Congress can make a grant to a State to enable struct it. These are conditions which leave the paid a dollar of interest since the issue of the that State to build a railroad without taking || title of the land in the United States in case bonds, I believe. I really do not know the the lands out of market. The grant is to the the road shall not be built, and conditions also condition of the lands, because I am not now State of certain described lands. How is that of the strongest kind, as I think, to induce the so familiar as I was in 1856, 1857, or 1858 with grant to be made without taking the lands out building of the road; but this seems to be a the history and condition of this company; nor of market? Will he make a grant to a State very loose and general provision, “that the am I so well acquainted with the condition of for a particular purpose, and yet allow from above recited act,” referring to an act that is | these lands as respects the right of my State to day to day the lands thus granted to be sold? not before us, "with all the provisions therein them. Whatever lands of this grant are unsold

Mr. TRUMBULL. My objection was to the || made, be and the same is hereby revived and now in the State of Missouri-and I do not length of time they were reserved. These lands extended for the term of ten years from the | krow what quantity of lands there are unsold have been reserved for ten years already, and

passage of this act." I am in favor of the il by the company-of course will be regranted no road is built, and now you propose to reserve bill; but I suggest that it ought to have another | under this bill. I desire that the State of Misthem ten years more.

form. I think this is a very objectionable form. souri shall hold a lien upon those lands and Mr. HENDRICKS. I am not very partic. || Grant lands, I say, for the construction of those that Congress shall not revive this grant so as ular about the number of years. This is a great improvements which bring settlement and to pass the title out of the State of Missouri, grant that was made more than ten years ago civilization into the far West, but require the but I desire that the State shall hold a lien on to aid in the construction of a road in Missouri | parties to commence within a given time not these lands or any lands that may be granted and Arkansas. The Senator's own constit. distant, and to go steadily forward with the in this bill within the borders of that State in uency have large interests in this very road ; || improvements, and then let their title accrue order to pay back to the State of Missouri the more, a great deal, as I understand, than the as they carry on the work. I think that these amount that she has already issued in aid of people of Arkansas. I think the president of bills ought to have that shape and form. this 'road. the company is a citizen of Illinois, Mr. Bray. Mr. TRUMBULL. In reply to the Senator The company have not built road enough, as


I understand, to have properly and legitimately | report or some further explanation on the mittee ordered yesterday to inquire into the consumed the amount of bonds issued by the subject.

condition of the national banks with respect to State of Missouri. In other words, I mean to Mr. McDOUGALL. I think I understand deposits of Government funds, consist of five say that with a most magnificent grant of lands the question pending. A grant of lands was members, and that the committee be appointed they have never built any more road than they made originally to the State of Missouri and by the Chair. could build out of the State grant. We gave

conceded by the State to this company, and The motion was agreed to. them the lands, and in addition to that gave the bonds of the State were issued upon the them $700,000 of bonds; and they have not company promising to pay the interest upon

Mr. VAN WINKLE. I move that the Sen. used any money according to my impression, | the bonds. It is a fact, I think, understood by not, perhaps, one cent of money, except what persons who have been conversant at all with ate proceed to the consideration of the bill (S.

No. 294) for the relief of John Gordon. the State of Missouri gave to them; and having the subject, that the company has paid no interused those bonds they have failed to pay back est. The concession to the company was based

The motion was agreed to; and the bill was

read a second time and considered as in Comone dollar of interest; they have not reim- on its obligation to pay interest. In making

mittee of the Whole. It will be an authorizabursed the State for the grant. the regrant it is undoubtedly just that the State

tion to the Postmaster General to pay to John I make no opposition to the passage of the of Missouri should be protected, the concession bill. It may be passed; I desire to see these having been to her in the first instance, and

Gordon, messenger in that Department, for railroad improvements put forward as rapidly from her to the company, with the understand

extra services performed out of office hours as it can be done. I have no objection to it ing that the interest would be assumed

and paid | eral Campbell

, any sum that he may, in his

during the administration of Postmaster Genwhatever. I do not look upon these railroad | by the company. That is understood, I believe: | opinion, believe him to be entitled to, at the grants as damaging to the public, for the rea- by every person who knows anything about rail.

rate of $250 per annum. son that we charge double price for the reserved roading in the State of Missouri and the West.

Mr. HENDERSON. Has this bill received sections of land, and I believe that the double It is a simple statement of what we have done

the sanction of a committee? price is more readily paid than the single price heretofore, and it is due to the State of Miswithout the construction of the roads. I make souri that she should be protected.

Mr. VAN WINKLE. Yes, sir; and there

is a written report. no objection to it; but I do desire that my Mr. GRIMES. I have examined this amend. State shall be reimbursed now while I have ment since I addressed the Chair, and I think

The bill was reported to the Senate, ordered

to be engrossed for a third reading, read the an opportunity of doing it. I hope no objec- | there does not seem to be the objection to it

third time, and passed. tion whatever will be made to the amendment. which I apprehended at the time I spoke. Mr. POMEROY. I think there is no objec

Mr. HENDERSON. I now renew my motion Mr. LANE, of Kansas. Has not the State

that the Senate adjourn. tion to the amendment. The facts of which of Missouri entered upon and sold this railthe Senator speaks were not before the com- road?

Mr. VAN WINKLE. I hope the Senator mittee; if they had been no doubt the commit- Mr. HENDERSON. I understand not. I

will allow me to call up another little bill, a tee would have reported such an amendment. believe it is advertised to be sold some time in pension bill, which was accidentally omitted Mr. GRIMES. The Senator from Missouri || June, but it has not yet been sold.

the other day when pension bills were being

considered. himself confesses that he is not familiar with Mr. POMEROY. They could not sell public

Mr. HENDERSON. I cannot withdraw my the facts in this case, and has not been since | lands. This is a question of reviving a public

motion. 1856, 1857, or 1858.

land grant. Mr. HENDERSON. Let me correct the

The motion was agreed to, there being, on Mr. HENDERSON. Certainly. The State Senator from lowa. What I stated was that of Missouri holds a lien on the road and lands,

a division--ayes 19, noes 7; and the Senato I am not now as familiar as I once was with

adjourned. too; and I do not want this act to operate to the exact condition of the lands lying in my take that lien away from the State of Missouri. State. This road only runs thirty.seven or

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. That is all I am aiming at. I do not want the thirty-eight miles in my State. I do not now

effect of this act to be to deprive the

State of

FRIDAY, May 25, 1866. remember whether the State granted the lands

its present lien on the lands. The State not The House met at twelve o'clock m. Prayer to the company in fee and permitted the com- only has a lien on the lands legitimately and || by the Chaplain, Rev. C. B. Boynton. pany to sell them. I do not know what amount || properly, but a lien on the railroad itself; that The Journal of yesterday was read and of lands remain unappropriated orunsold under

is, on the bed of the road. Now, I believe approved. the old grant of 1853. I do not wish the Senthat the State is proceeding to sell the road.

LEAVE OF ABSENCE. ator to understand that I am at all ignorant | I suppose, however, that if this grant is revived The SPEAKER. The Chair asks leave of of the fact that the company have $700,000 of the company will get credit enough to go on the bonds of the State of Missouri, and that with the road. I apprehend they will, and

absence for the gentleman from Rhode Island,

perthe State of Missouri originally owned these

Mr. JENCKES, until Tuesday next. haps will pay off the State the amount of the lands. Now, as I understand, the object of bonds; but I do not want to put it in the power

No objection being made, leave was granted. this bill is to revive the land grant which is l of the company to neglect to pay; . I want a now dead. I want this revival to inure to the

lien on the lands, and in all probability, then, On motion of Mr. KETCHAM, by unanibenefit of the State of Missouri, so that we can Governor Fletcher will stop proceedings under mous consent, leave was granted for the withhold a lien upon these lands. We did once the advertisement to sell. We hold that we drawal from the files of the House of the papers hold a lien, and if the act is revived I want have a lien, a legal lien, for the payment of our in the case of Major D. C. Ruggles, late a the benefit of that lien still. What I meant to

bonds upon the road. He perhaps will suffer || paymaster in the United States Army, copies say was that I am not exactly familiar with the

them to proceed, having, perhaps, credit enough being left. title to the land; that is all. I do not like to to put their own lands in the market, and raise On motion of Mr. BIDWELL, by unanistate that I am fully acquainted with a fact the money pay

off the State bonds. If they mous consent, leave was granted for the withwhen I am not.

do, of course we are satisfied, and the lands drawal from the files of the House of the papers Mr. GRIMES. It is quite evident that there

will then go to the company under my amend- in the case of the town of Santa Barbara. is a conflict of interest between the State rep: ment, because the State only holds a lien upon resented by the Senator from Missouri and

CULTIVATION OF FOREST TREES. them to satisfy this debt. some railroad company.

The amendment was agreed to.

Mr. DONNELLY, by unanimous consent, Mr. HENDERSON. I want them to pay Mr. POMEROY. To meet the suggestion,

introduced a bill to encourage the growth of us back. Mr. GRIMES. And this is the method

which was a very good one, of the Senator from || forest trees upon the western plains; which was which the Senator proposes to adopt to collect California, I move to amend the bill by strik

read a first and second time, referred to the ing out, in the third line of the first section,

Committee on Public Lands, and ordered to be the money from the railroad company. Iunderstand that to be his purpose, to make them pay.

the words, " the above recited act," and to printed.
insert the whole title of the original act.

Now, I suggest whether we had not better let

Mr. LANE, of Kansas. I hope the bill will Mr. HUBBARD, of Iowa, by unanimous that railroad company be heard before our be passed by for the present.

consent, introduced a bill to repeal the fourth Committee on Public Lands.

Mr. POMEROY. If the special order is now Mr. POMEROY. I will state to the Sen

section of the act approved March 5, 1864, and to be taken


I have no objection to that. ator that the president of this road was before

the act approved January 20, 1865, to provide

Mr. LANE, of Kansas. desire time to the committee. These facts were not presented


carrying the mails; which was read a first examine the bill. at the time, but he has since written to me,

and second time, and referred to the Commit

Mr. POMEROY. I should like to have this tee on the Post Office and Post Roads. and virtually drew this amendment himself. The Senator from Missouri has changed the amendment adopted, first.

PENSIONS. Mr. HENDERSON. I move that the Senphraseology, but the president of the road said ate do now adjourn.

Mr. PERHAM, by unanimous consent, from that what the Senator from Missouri desired

Mr. WILSON. I hope the Senator will

the Committee on Pensions, reported back bill was just and right. withdraw that motion for a moment, to enable

of the House No. 363, supplementary to the Mr. GRIMES. But it is not known what me to make a motion in reference to the com

several acts relating to pensions, with tho interest we are going to conflict with by this

inittee provided
for yesterday.

amendments of the Senate thereto, and moved sort of legislation. I do not know anything

Mr. HENDERSON. I withdraw the motion.

that the amendments of the Senate be non: about it. In fact I do not comprehend fully

concurred in, and that a conference be asked the statement that has been made by the Sen


on the disagreeing votes of the two Houses. ator from Missouri. I should like to have some Mr. WILSON. I move that the select com. The motion was agreed to.




chairman of the committee [Mr. INGERSOLL] | lateral sewers with this main sewer in such a Mr. DRIGGS. I ask the unanimous con

to promise me that I should have an opportu- manner as to destroy the banks of the canal, sent of the House to report back from the nity to offer it in the House.

because the connection can be made in such a Committee on Public Lands bill of the Senaie Nr. INGERSOLL. Well, I will give the way as not to interfere with the canal in the No. 219, granting certain lands to the State | gentleman an opportunity to offer his amend- least. The bill, as it stands, simply provides

ment. of Michigan to aid in the construction of a ship

that the city shall have the unrestricted use of canal to connect the waters of Lake Superior

Mr. McCULLOUGH. That is all I want. the canal for sewer purposes, making connecwith the lake known as Lac La Belle in that

Mr. INGERSOLL. Will the gentleman | tions when and where it pleases, but in such a State. state his amendment now?

manner as not to injure or destroy the banks Mr. SPALDING. I object, and call for the

Mr. McCULLOUGH. I desire to have the of the canal. This restriction upon the man

bill amended in the second section by striking regular order of business.

ner of making the connection the gentleman out the words, "so as the manner of making from Maryland desires to strike out. I object MEMORIAL REFERRED.

the connection shall not injure or impair the to such an amendment, and I hope it will not Mr. DEFREES, by unanimous consent, pre- bank of said canal and sewer where the con- be adopted. I ask the previous question on sented the memorial of the trustees of the In. nection shall be made."

the amendment. diana Agricultural College; which was referred Mr. INGERSOLL. Well, I believe I would The previous question was seconded and tho to the Committee on Public Lands.

prefer to have that amendment considered and main question ordered. CORRECTION.

disposed of now rather than at any other time. On agreeing to the amendment, there were Mr. WRIGHT. I desire to state that I voted

Mr. McCULLOUGH. I offer the amend- -ayes 26, noes 28; no quorum voting. in the affirmative on the passage of the bank

ment, and if it is in order I would like to say The SPEAKER, under the rule, ordered rupt bill, and that my vote is not recorded. a few words in explanation of it.

tellers; and appointed Messrs. INGERSOLL and Mr. INGERSOLL. I will yield two minutes McCOLLOUGH. CAXAL AND SEWERAGE COMPANY. for that purpose.

The House divided; and the tellers reported The SPEAKER. The morning hour has

Mr. McCULLOUGH. Mr. Speaker, this -ayes 41, noes 56. commenced, and the House will resume the bill, as it passed the Senate and is reported to

So the amendment was rejected. consideration of Senate bill No. 190, to incorthis House, gives to this corporation a power

Mr. INGERSOLL. Mr. Speaker, I am, of porate the District of Columbia Canal and

and control over the sewerage system of the course, aware that this bill does not command Bewerage Company, reported from the Com.

city of Washington which every member of this any general interest, because it is local in its mittee for the District of Columbia on Friday House should be opposed to, in my opinion, application, and members who are not upon last, and on which the gentleman from Illinois who is desirous of seeing the health and pros

the Committee for the District of Columbia [Mr. INGERSOLL] is entitled to the floor. The pending question was upon ordering the denied, I presume, that the free and untramperity of this city promoted. It will not be | may, perhaps, take no interest in it; but I trust

gentlemen will give sufficient attention to the bill to be read a third time now.

meled use of this canal is absolutely necessary cxplanation I desire to make as will enable Mr. INGERSOLL. I move to amend the first section by changing the name of “Whit

to a proper sewerage of the city. In fact, with them to give an intelligent vote upon the ques

out this it will be impossible to preserve the tion. man Bestor" to “George L. Bestor," and to health and cleanliness of the city. Now, sir,

This bill proposes to incorporate into a body. add the names of “Kingman F. Page, Charles

if the provision which I ask to have stricken politic certain gentlemen named in the first H. Sherrill, and Amos Č. Babcock.''

out remains this corporation has such control section, with power to construct a canal along The amendment was agreed to. over this important matter as will greatly, if

the line of this old ditch which has been a disMr. INGERSOLL. I move to add the fol

not entirely, prevent the authorities of Wash- grace to the city for over sixty years. It is lowing, “except in the mode and manner

ington from using this canal as a deposit for proposed to dig the canal ten feet below low hereinbefore provided for,'' to section seven- the filth of the city. The provision which I tide, so that there shall be ten feet of living, teen of the bill, which now reads :

ask to be taken out says that “the manner of pure water in the canal at all times. It is Sec. 17. And be it further enacted, That nothing in making the connection shall not injure or im- proposed that it shall be a commercial canal, this act contained shall be held or deemed, in any pair the bank of said canal and sewer where

and connect with the Chesa ke and Ohio manner or way, to injure or impair any public or privato rights or interests, or in any manner to affect

the connection shall be made.” This provis- | canal at Rock creek, in Georgetown; thence tho samo beyond tho mere transfer of the rights | ion, in my opinion, Mr. Speaker, gives to this proceeding by the line of this old canal, upon of the United States to said District of Columbia Canal and Sewerage Company.

corporation the power to stop the city author- it as near as can be, to deep water on the An. The amendment was agreed to.

ities from making such connection, when in the acostia creek, or Eastern branch, as it is someMr. INGERSOLL. Mr. Speaker, as I de; opinion of said corporation it will “injure or

times called. The bill proposes to convey to impair the bank of said canal and sewer." It || this corporation whatever interest the United sire a vote on this bill to-day, I have concluded to occupy but ten minutes' time in explaining and say that such connection will injure the certainly will give them the power to object || States has, if it has any, in this old canal. It

is yet to be settled whether the United States the bill. Then I shall yield ten minutes to be

canal, and will lead to a conflict of rights. In has any interest in this old canal or not. The used entirely by the gentleman from Maryland,

a great city such as this should be, such an im- corporate authorities of Washington clain that [Mr. F. Thomas,] or to be divided between

portant matter as its health and cleanliness they have an interest in it. The committee him and my colleague on the committee, [Mr. should not be under the control of a private

think that the United States has an interest of McCULLOUGH,) as they may see proper; and corporation ; and for these and other reasons some kind, but an interest of no particular then I shall take ten minutes to close the argu- which will suggest themselves to meinbers I value, and of no value at all in the present conment, and shall then ask a vote on the bill. move to strike out this provision.

dition of the canal. We propose that, if the Mr. F. TIIOMAS. Lest it should be inferred

Mr. INGERSOLL. In order to fully under. United States has any interest in this canal, from my silence that such an arrangement stand the effect of the amendment of the gen- we shall get rid of it, and give it to this corwould be agreeable to me, I have simply to tleman from Maryland [Mr. McCullouGH) I || poration that proposes to construct a good say that it would be utterly impossible for me in ten minutes to explain the position I occupy will read a portion of the section:

commercial canal. It proposes that this old That the said company is hereby authorized and

canal, now exhaling malaria and disseminating in relation to this measure. I shall hope, there- empowered to survey, locate, and lay out and con- disease, shall be flooded with water within fore, that the gentleman from Illinois [Mr. In- struct a canal and sewer between the Anacostia river,

thirty days after the passage of this bill, so GERSOLL] will allow the usual latitude of dis

cominonly known as the Eastern branch, from a point
thereon near its junction with the Potomac river, to

that the canal may conduce to the health of cussion, or, if he does not, that the House will

a point on the old canal near Virginia avenue, which the city. grant it. It is

matter of vast importance to passes through the city of Washington; thence in, This bill originated in the Senate. It received my congressional district, as I will explain to

by, along, and through said old canal, to the western the House if the opportunity be offered. corporato limits of said city of Washington; and

a thorough examination at the hands of the thence to the Chesapeake and Ohio canal at its ter- Senate committee, and was reported by the Mr, INGERSOLL. I am as anxious to minus at Gcorgetown, in the District of Columbia. The chairman of that committee. After some dis. accommodate the gentleman from Maryland

said canal and sewer, when constructed, shall consti-
tute and reman a depository and duct for the sewer-

cussion it was passed in the Senate without a [Mr. F. Tuomas] as any one can be; but I am age from the city of Washington, and from the prop- dissenting voice, if my recollection is correct, anxious to dispose of this bill, in order that we crty of the United States therein; and the proper though I may be mistaken about that. The may report other bills from the committee

corporate authorities of the city of Washington shall
always have unrestricted and full power to determine

Committee for the District of Columbia of the which are of importance to this District, and I whero the sewers of said city shall connect with the House have investigated this matter, and have do not propose to devote any more time to the said canal and sewer, and the manner in which said

concluded that this bill presents the orly feasi. consideration of this bill than is necessary for

connection shall be made, so as the manner of making
the connection shall not injure or impair the bank of

ble plan for making this old “ditch" a useful a full and fair understanding of its provisions. said canal and sewer where the connection shall be structure for the benefit of the city of WashMr. McCULLOUGH. I have an amend- made.

ington. ment which I wish to offer to this bill. I wish

Now, the words proposed to be stricken out In the year 1802 Congress chartered the first to ask if I can offer it now.

simply throw some protection around this eanal company for the construction of this canal, The SPEAKER. It will be in order if the and sewer by providing that,

with a capital of $80,000, on the condition gentleman from Illinois (Mr. Ingersoll) will

The manner of making the connection shall not that unless it should be completed within a yield for that purpose.

injure or impair the bank of said canal and sewer certain period of time all rights and grants by Mr. INGERSOLL. I cannot yield for that where the connection shall be made.

virtue of the charter should cease and become purpose now.

Now, it seems to me that it is but just to the void. That company became extinct. AnMr. McCULLOUGH. I offered this amend. | corporation that the city of Washington shall other organization was incorporated in 1809 ment in the committee, and I understood the not be allowed to make the connection of its ll with similar restrictions and conditions. Thus

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