Obrazy na stronie




tobacco-growers of Whately and Hatfield, Massachu- States, praying Congress to adopt prompt and on account of his divine effort to establish setts, for the same purpose. Also, the petition of II. H. Mayhew, and 52 others,

efficient measures for protecting the commu- mancipation. That report, I am inclined to tobacco-growers of Charlemont, Massachusetts, for

nity against the approach of the Asiatic chol- | think, has not disclosed completely the whole the same purpose. era; which was referred to the Committee on

It does not appear, from what we are Commerce.

told, that the special ground of animosity to

Mr. MORRILL. I ask leave to present the the Emperor, at the present moment, is so The following notice for leave introduce a bill

memorial of 0. D. Mesnil, a citizen of Bel- much the original act of emancipation as the was given under the rule:

gium, who respectfully represents that he is courage and perseverance and wisdom which By Mr. JULIAN: A bill entitled, “An act concern- desirous of introducing into the United States he has displayed in carrying it forward to its ing the elective franchise in the Territories of the United States, and the admission of new States here

a new mode for the towage of boats on navi- | practical results. after to be formed within the same.”

gable rivers. The proposed plan is fully ex- I have had occasion, formerly, to remind the

plained and its advantages set forth in the Senate how completely the Emperor has done IN SENATE.

printed summary accompanying it. I ask that his work. Not content with issuing the decree

this memorial be referred to the Committee on of emancipation, which was in the month of TUESDAY, May 8, 1866. Commerce.

February, 1861, he has proceeded, by an elabPrayer by the Chaplain, Rev. E. H. GRAY. The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Did the orate system of regulations, to provide, in the

The Journal of yesterday was read and Chair understand the Senator to say that the first place, for what have been called the civil approved. petitioner was a citizen of Belgium ?

rights of all the recent serfs; then, in the next EXECUTIVE COMMUNICATIONS.

Mr. MORRILL. I believe he is so de- | place, to provide especially for their rights in The PRESIDENT pro tempore laid before scribed ; I am not sure.

court; then, again, to provide for their rights the Senate a message from the President of

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Under the || in property, securing to every one of them a the United States, communicating a second

rule a petition from a foreigner residing in or homestead; and then, again, by providing for dispatch from the minister of the United States

belonging to any foreign Government cannot them rights of public education. Added to in Í'iuris to the Secretary of State, relative to be received.

all these, he has secured to them also political a proposed exposition of fishery and water cul

Mr. MORRILL. It is sent to me, not by rights, giving to every one the right to vote for ture at Arcachon, in France; which, on mo.

himself, but by a very well-known citizen. I all local officers, corresponding to our officers tion of Mr. SUMNER, was referred to the Com

will withdraw the petition until I am able to of the town and of the county. It is this very mittee on Foreign Relations, and ordered to ascertain the fact.

thoroughness with which he has carried out be printed.


his decree of emancipation that has aroused The PRESIDENT pro tempore also laid On motion of Mr. CRESWELL, it was

against him the ancient partisans of slavery, before the Senate a message of the President

and I doubt not it was one of these who aimed

Ordered, That the petition and other papers of of the United States, communicating, in com

at him that blow which was so happily arrested. Rebecca Scott, praying for a pension, be taken from pliance with a resolution of the Senate of the the files of the Senate and referred to the Committee

The laggard and the faithless are not pursued 19th ultimo, a report from Benjamin C. Truon Pensions.

by assassins. man relative to the condition of the southern


The Emperor of Russia was born in 1818, people and the States in which the rebellion Mr. FESSENDEN, from the Committee on and is now forty-eight years of age. He sucexisted; which, on motion of Mr. SUMNER, was

Finance, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. ceeded to the throne on the death of his late ordered to lie on the table, and be printed. No. 213) making appropriations for the legis. || father in 1855. Immediately after his acces

lative, executive, and judicial expenses of the sion he was happily inspired to bring about PETITIONS AND MEMORIALS.

Government for the year ending the 30th of || emancipation in his great country. One of his Mr. HARRIS presented the petition of Enos || June, 1867, reported it with amendments.

first utterances when declaring his sentiments, Kellsy, of the town of Napoli, Cattaraugus Mr. WILLIAMS, from the Committee on was, that it was important that this great work county, New York, who states that he is sixty. Claims, to whom was referred the petition of should begin from above to the end that it six years of age; that he has not a dollar's

James Pool, praying to be reimbursed for should not proceed from below. Therefore he worth of property in the world; that at the out

money paid by him for supplies for the Shaw- insisted that the Imperial Government itself break of the rebellion he had seven sons, all of nee tribe of Indians, reported a bill (S. No. should undertake the blessed work, and not whom enlisted in the Army; two of them were 311) for the relief of James Pool, which was

leave it to the chance of insurrection or of killed on the field of battle; another died in a read and passed to a second reading.

blood. He went forth bravely, encountering rebel prison; another lost a leg at the battle

much opposition; and now, that emancipation

EMPEROR OF RUSSIA. of Gettysburg, and prays for a pension; which was referred to the Committee on Pensions.

Mr. SUMNER. The Committee on For- || ward bravely in order to crown it by assuring

has been declared in form, he is still going forHe also presented a petition of citizens of | eign Relations, to whom was referred the

all those rights without which emancipation is Washington, District of Columbia, praying joint resolution (H. R. No. 133) relative to the little more than a name. It was, therefore, on that Congress will enact such just and equal attempted assassination of the Emperor of

account of his thoroughness in the work that laws for the regulation of inter-State insur- Russia, have had it under consideration and he became a mark for the assassin; and, sir, ances of all kinds as may be effectual in estab. directed me to report it back with amendments;

our country does well when it offers its homage lishing the greatest security for the interests and as the resolution is one which I think will

to the sovereign who has attempted so great a protected by policies and promotive of the interest the Senate, and perhaps ought to be | task, under such difficulties and at such hazgreatest good and convenience to all concerned acted upon immediately and unanimously, I | ards, making a landmark of civilization. in such transactions; which was referred to the will ask that it be proceeded with now.

Mr. SAULSBURY. I move to amend the Committee on Commerce.

There being no objection, the Senate, as in resolution by striking out the words "by an He also presented two petitions of mechanics

Committee of the Whole, proceeded to con- enemy of emancipation;" and upon this amendand laborers in American manufacturing estabsider the following joint resolution:

ment I will submit a remark. "The Senate of lishments, praying that the tariff may be so Resolved, &c., That the Congress of the United the United States, sir, is called upon to vote amended as to protect their labor to the extent

States of America has learned with deep regret of
the attempt made upon the life of the Emperor of

for this resolution as its stands, and to assert of the difference of the cost of capital and labor Russia by an enemy of emancipation. The Congress || by its vote that the attempt made upon the life here and abroad, with the addition of the taxes

sends tbeir greeting to his Imperial Majesty and to of the Emperor of Russia was “by an enemy

the Russian nation, and congratulates the twenty paid by American industrial products, from million serfs upon the providential escape from dan

of emancipation. Now, sir, I ask you, I ask which the foreign are free; which were referred ger of the sovereign to whose head and heart they any member of the Senate, whether there is to the Committee on Finance. owe the blessings of their freedom.

one particle of evidence before this body, or Mr. SUMNER. I offer the petition of citi

The first amendment of the Committee on whether there is a particle of evidence extant zens of New Bedford, Massachusetts, setting || Foreign Relations was to strike out the word in this country, and accessible to the people of forth that St. Catherines, in Brazil, is an im- “their” before the word “greeting," so that this country, which shows that such an attempt portant place of resort for our whaling fleet; it will read: “ The Congress sends greeting to was made by an enemy of emancipation. I that it is essential to our interests that the con- his Imperial Majesty," &c.

have seen none such. The statement that I sulate at that place should be filled by an Amer

The amendment was agreed to.

have seen in the papers is that it was by a man ican citizen competent to the performance of The next amendment was to add as an addi- in the humble walks of life, and I presume by its duties. They go on to say that with the || tional section the following:

a man that did not own many serfs. If it be close of the war the salary for the consul there And be it further resolved, That the President of the the fact that this attempt at the assassination will be stopped. They recommend, in the inter- United States be requested to forward a copy of this of the Emperor of Russia was made by an est of commerce, that a salary of at least $1,500

resolution to the Emperor of Russia. be provided for the consul there. This petition

The amendment was agreed to.

enemy of emancipation, that fact can be easily

ascertained, for Russia is represented here by is numerously signed by the most eminent and Mr. SUMNER. Before the vote is taken I a minister. Inquiry could have been made of respectable citizens of New Bedford. I ask will take the liberty of making one remark. that minister; and if the fact be as alleged in its reference to the Committee on Commerce. In considering the resolution in committee, it the resolution we could have had knowledge It was so referred.

seemed in some respects inadequate to the of that fact from a proper and reliable source. Mr. MORGAN presented the memorial and occasion, and yet the committee did not think I do not suppose there is any person in this proceedings of a meeting of the medical pro- it advisable to attempt any further amendment. Chamber, or any person in this country, who fession held at Baltimore on the 4th day of May, The public prints have informed us that an approves of the attempt to assassinate the Emin obedience to a call numerously signed by attempt was made on the life of the Emperor peror of Russia, or anybody else; but when we physicians from every portion of the United of Russia by a person animated against him come to record our votes in favor of the passage of the resolution, ought we not to be properly has information from his Government dis

BILL INTRODUCED. informed whether the resolution states a fact, or closing all the circumstances of this matter.

Mr. HARRIS asked, and by unanimous conwhether it does not state a fact? Sir, I sat in It will not injure this resolution, it will not

sent obtained, leave to introduce a bill (S. No. this Chamber in 1861, and I saw a resolution | spoil the compliment, if compliment it be, to

310) to change the place of holding the courts pass this body, which I supposed at the time wait for one day until the fact can be ascer- of the United States for the northern district was true, which affected a warm personal friend tained. Now, sir, I am just informed by my

of Mississippi ; which was read twice by its of my own, formerly a member of this body, || friend on my left, the Senator from West Vir

title, and referred to the Committee on the declaring that he had joined the enemies of his ginia, [Mr. VAN WINKLE,] that the papers | Judiciary. country, and evidence was brought forward stated last evening that the man who made this that he had subscribed some two hundred dol- attempt on the life of the Emperor was a hypo

APPROVAL OF A JOINT RESOLUTION. lars to establish a newspaper to aid the south- chondriac. Here are conflicting statements. It A message from the President of the Uniern cause, and that he had left Missouri and may be that the offender was some crazy man, ted States, by Mr. COOPER, his Secretary, anhad gone over into the enemy's lines. Even that does not know what emancipation means; nounced that the President of the United States my colleague, (Mr. Bayard,) a member of the and we are called upon solemnly to send to the had approved and signed, on the 7th instant, & Judiciary Committee at that time, was betrayed Emperor of Russia our regrets at an attempt | joint resolution (S. R. No. 80) extending the into the belief that that was the fact, and joined upon his life by an enemy of emancipation, time for the completion of the Union Pacific in the report. And yet, sir, I know the fact which, perhaps, when it gets there will be all railway, eastern division. that on the very day that resolution passed the news to him. What would he think if it was

ASIATIC CHOLERA. Senate of the United States, that gentleman to turn out that the person was not really an was living quietly in the State of Missouri, at enemy to emancipation, but was some crazy

Mr. CHANDLER. The Committee on Comthe house of a friend, had taken no part in any monomaniac that attempted his life, as was the

merce, to whom was referred the joint resolumovement against the United States, and never man who attempted the life of General Jack

tion (H. R. No. 116) to prevent the introducdid subscribe one dollar to establish a paper son? He would laugh at our folly.

tion of the cholera into the ports of the United to aid the confederates. It is true that in 1860, If gentlemen are satisfied to vote in the dark, || States, have directed me to report it back with during a political canvass, he subscribed $200 or if they have information on this subject that an amendment in the nature of a substitute, to establish a Democratic newspaper, and that satisfies their minds that this was done by an

and I ask for its immediate consideration. fact was used to found upon it the charge that enemy of emancipation, let them so vote. I There being no objection, the Senate, as in he had given $200 to establish a paper to aid cannot vote for any such fact. I do not know

Committee of the Whole, proceeded to conthe confederates, and that he had gone over | it; I doubt it. It may be true or it may be

sider the joint resolution. the lines and joined the enemy. Sir, I have false. I will not say that I doubt it. I have

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Comseen that Senator since, and I know the fact no opinion about it. I have seen no evidence mittee on Commerce report the joint resolution that at that time he was quietly living in the of it. The latest news states that the man was

with an amendment to strike out all after the interior of Missouri, and had done no act a monomaniac, as I understand. It is for this enacting clause and insert in lieu thereof a against the Government. Well, sir, gentle- reason that I made the suggestion to the Sen

substitute. The substitute alone will be read men honestly believed that was true. Now ate that before a resolution goes solemnly from

unless the reading of the original resolution is gentlemen may honestly believe that this is the Congress of the United States stating a

asked for by some Senator. true, that the attempt upon the life of the Em- || fact, the Congress of the United States ought The Secretary read the words proposed to be peror of Russia was made by an enemy of | to be satisfied that the statement is true. That I inserted in lieu of the original resolution, as emancipation. I want to know the facts. I || is my object, and my only object.

follows: am willing to vote for the resolution ; I con- Mr. HOWARD. Mr. President, I do not

That it shall be the duty of the Secretary of War, demn the act as much as anybody else; but I see that it is very material to go into an inquiry

with the coöperation of the Secretary of the Navy

and the Secretary of the Treasury, whose concurrent want to be informed of the truth of the alle- respecting the particular facts connected with action shall be directed by the Commander-in-Chief gation that it was done by an enemy of eman- the attempted assassination of the Emperor

of the Army and Navy, to cause rigid quarantine

against the introduction into this country of the cipation. Why, sir, it seems, nowadays, that of Russia. We are acting on the evidence

Asiatic cholera through its ports of entry whenever no crime can be committed, that no law can brought to us by foreign journals. That is the tbe same may be threatened by the prevalence of be violated, that no moral principle can be best evidence we can have at present; and

said disease in countries having direct commercial

intercourse with the United States. outraged, but that it is some slaveholder that whether it is in all respects perfectly accurate, Second. That he shall also enforce the establishdoes it, or some friend of slavery, some enemy I regard as entirely immaterial.

That an

ment of sanitary cordons to provent the spread of to emancipation! If it be true that the act attempt has been made upon the life of that

said disease from infected districts adjacent to or

within the limits of the United States. was done by an enemy to emancipation, we can most excellent and magnanimous prince, Alex- Third. That said Secretaries are hereby authorized readily be informed of that fact. Being in- ander II, of Russia, is, I suppose, beyond all to use the means at their command to carry out the formed of that fact, I will as readily vote for || doubt; and I shall, for one, vote for this reso

foregoing provisions. the resolution with that clause in as with it

Fourth. That it shall be the duty of the Secretary lution with a great deal of pleasure. He hap- of State to open a correspondence with the foreign out;

but I want to know whether I am voting | pens to be one of the very few of the princes | Powers whose proximity to the United States will for a fact. I therefore move the amendment. of Europe who has maintained his position of

endanger the introduction of Asiatic cholera into

this country through their ports and territory, solicitMr. SUMNER. Mr. President, it is impos. || firm friendship to the Union and his attach

ing their coöperation with this Government in such sible for the Senate of the United States on this ment to the success of our great cause; and I efforts to prevent the introduction and spread of said occasion to send out a commission to Russia in feel, for one, that this resolution is but a fair,

disease. order to ascertain the precise facts in this historie | reasonable expression of the gratitude of the

Mr. CLARK. That resolution is a very gencase. Sir, it is a historic case, to be adjudged nation for the high, heroic stand which has eral statement, and I shall be glad to hear from by the rules of history and not according to the been taken by that Emperor toward our own the chairman of the Committee on Commerce practice of a justice's court. I do not think the country. I hope the resolution will pass with- what is proposed to be done under it, and what Senator will expect that we shall introduce wit- out this amendment. I regard the mere fact is the plan, if there is any, before the comnesses on the floor on this occasion to prove implied in the mere reciting part of it as im. mittee. what the Senator requires. Suffice it to say, material to the real purpose which we have Mr. CHANDLER. The intention is to estab. sir, that the same testimony which tells us that in view. Our great object is to express our lish a uniform system of quarantine throughout the attempt to take the life of the Emperor was respect for that prince.

the whole country. The proposition is drawn made, discloses also the character of the assas- Mr. SAULSBURY. I shall say one word with very great care, and is deemed by the most sin. The Senator from Delaware must doubt more, and then I shall not detain the Senate eminent physicians of the United States to be that the attempt has been made, if he doubts further on this subject. There have been fre- an efficient plan. We have had before the comthe attempt was made by an enemy of emanci- quent attempts made in Russia heretofore to mittee some of the most eminent surgeons of pation. The same report that announces one assassinate sovereigns, but it has never been the country; among others, the quarantine surfact announces the other; and if the Senator | alleged on any former occasion that the attempt geons of New York; and the intention is to sets aside one fact he must set aside the other. at assassination was done by an enemy of eman- make the system uniform throughout the UniThey both stand on the same authority. I pre- cipation or by persons in favor of retaining a ted States, and place power in the hands of the sume, therefore, that the House of Representa- || portion of the people as serfs. What right have || Secretaries to enforce it. tives, from whom this resolution proceeded, we to assert that this arises from an opposition Mr. ANTHONY. I ask the Senator from went on the original report as it came to us to emancipation, when it seems to be rather | Michigan the meaning of that part of the resofrom Europe, even from the Russian author- | approved in Russia to attempt the assassination lution which declares that the Secretary of War ities; they did not go behind that; and assum- of a sovereign?

and the Secretary of the Navy shall use the ing that the attempt was made, they went fur. The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The ques- means at their command to enforce these prother and assumed that the same authority which tion is on the motion of the Senator from Del- visions. Does that mean that they shall use declared that the attempt was made was truth- aware to amend the resolution by striking out military power, the Army and the Navy, to ful when it disclosed the character of the author the words “ by an enemy of emancipation." enforce quarantine? of the attempt. I do not think that the Senate The amendment was rejected.

Mr. CHANDLER. They are to employ the can go behind that.

The joint resolution was reported to the Sen- vessels at their command, and all the powers Mr. SAULSBURY. I do not desire that this ate as amended, and the amendments were at their command may be used, if necessary. body should send out a commissioner or that concurred in. It was ordered that the amend- I suppose that in the case of New Orleans, or they should introduce witnesses upon the floor ments be engrossed and the joint resolution be any southern port where soldiers are employed, of the Senate; but the Russian minister resides read a third time; it was read the third time and and it may be necessary to use them as a guard, in this city; if it be a fact he knows of it; he ll passed.

they could be used under this resolution. In other words, all the powers at the command of to push this resolution through, and for aught of no considerable practical value to New York the Secretaries may be used at their discretion. I know he may be in such fear of the cholera itself, if the ports of Philadelphia and Boston

Mr. ANTHONY. Can they declare martial being in New York that he thinks he can pre- and New Haven are left without any system of law ?

vent it by a sanitary regulation of this kind; || quarantine. And it is said, too, that quaranMr. CHANDLER. They may use any power but I do not quite so apprehend, nor do I ap- tine regulations established for all these ports requisite to stop the cholora.

prehend that we are in so much danger that we do not protect the United States nor those sev. Mr. ANTHONY. I would rather have should be justified in passing a resolution of cral cities against the introduction of those the cholera than such a proposition as this. this kind for any reason of that sort.

diseases which are said, upon the authority of [Laughter.]

The Senator says that if we choose to put it medical gentlemen, to be portable diseases. Mr. CLARK. It seems to me that this res- over, we can do so. That is very important | They pronounce that this disease of cholera is olution is nothing more than making the Sec- information; it is very important information a portable disease, and can be transferred from retary of War and the Secretary of the Navy that the Senate can put a measure over when one point to another, and although you may and others a board of health for the whole they choose. I had learned that some time ago. establish a most'effective quarantine before each country, with the resources of the whole coun- I supposed they could do so if they thought of the ports to which I have alluded, yet it may try at their command to carry it out. I am well, even in regard to a measure which was be brought into some port on the Gulf, some very slow, the first morning that the report reported from the Committee on Commerce. port on the Mississippi, or over some railway comes to us, to vote for any such resolution. The suggestion I made was, whether it had not connecting us with the Canadas. Now, it is I think we had better consider it. We had better lie on the table for one day until we can very evident that the authority of the State of better have some plan. I think the resolution have some development of the plan, until we New York is confined to her own limits in had better go over until the committee can tell can consider the scope of what is proposed, and establishing these regulations, and however us more about it. It may be right; it may be see what is best to be done. I am not alone in effective they may be within those limits, they that something will be necessary to be done to that particular, and the Senator need not show are useless, unless the regulations are just as establish some uniform system of quarantine; Il quite so much feeling in regard to me, because effective in other States. but I think the system should be pretty well I heard Senators around me say, “It is better Mr. GRIMES. Permit me to make an indeveloped before we place such great powers to put that over and consider it."

I have no

quiry. Is it contemplated by the Committee in the hands of any person. I think it is hardly personal choice about it; I only desire that we on Commerce that there shall be quarantine necessary to do so. There is certainly no such should not legislate in such hot haste upon such established on the various railroads connecting haste about it that we need pass this resolution grave and important matters.

this country with Canada, at Niagara falls, at on the morning it is reported, without some Mr. CHANDLER. As I said a moment Portland, and at the other termini of these consideration or some information as to what ago, the Committee on Commerce have had | roads; that there shall be the same quarantine the plan is. It is said the resolution is drawn this subjeet under consideration for more than regulations established at these various points with very great care; and it may be as to its two months; they have consulted many emi- that are established at New York. wording; but nobody seems to be able to tell nent surgeons; they have thoroughly consid- Mr. HOWE. Perhaps not that every provisus what the scope of it is, or what is contem. ered the joint resolution; but in regard to this, || ion shall be made in a small port as in a large plated. It may be a uniform system of quar- as in regard to many other projects that came port, but there shall be the same system; that antine, but what kind of a quarantine, where before the body, we met with opposition is, the regulations adopted to keep a suspected established, how rigid? What do they propose from men who had given the subject no con- vessel out of New York shall be adopted to by it? I doubt whether it is desirable. It is | sideration. It is under the control of the Sen- | keep a suspected vessel out of every other port, suggested to me that these Secretaries can do ate; if the Senate sees fit to postpone or to but the measures necessary to protect a small anything under the resolution. I have no doubt defeat it, it is a matter of no concern to the port against the entrance of a suspected ship they can, but I doubt whether it is desirable to Committee on Commerce or to myself any may be different at different points. I do not give them that power at once. I think we had more than it is to any other man in the United | know how that is. It is very evident that if better consider it.

States. As I have said before, we have con- we are to have a uniform system, it must be Mr. CHANDLER. The Senator has had sulted the most eminent surgeons in the Uni- | provided by the national authority, or by comthis identical resolution on his desk since the ted States; we have had before us the health pact, agreement between the different States 6th day of March last, and if he does not know officers from New York, Baltimore, and Phil- or different municipalities in the several States. anything about it, it is time that he did. If the 1) adelphia; the provisions of the joint resolu- Whether the United States will undertake to resolution is of any use at all, it is of immedi- tion have been thoroughly considered ; and secure this uniformity, is a question that we ate importance. If it is not of any use, kill it. now the Senator from New Hampshire wants have got to pass upon. Something we have We have had, as I said, before the Committee some plan proposed. We have proposed a done in that direction already. We have passed on Commerce the most eminent surgeons in plan. We propose to place this power in the certain bills which tend to charge us with the the United States, and on consultation with hands of the heads of Departments, to be exer- care of the health of the United States. those eminent surgeons and in consultation cised at their discretion. I simply ask for a Mr. GRIMES. What are they? with the heads of Departments we have intro- vote on the subject, and it is immaterial to me Mr. HOWE. Such as appropriating certain duced this resolution. Put it over if you like; whether the Senate postpones it till to-morrow vessels of the Navy to this work, dedicating but if it is of importance at all, it is of impor- or kills it. I only say we have thoroughly con- certain ships for this purpose. If you will have tance now. The cholera is in New York har- sidered it.

a uniform system you can only have it by the bor to-day. I do not think it will land; I hope Mr. HARRIS. I hope this measure will national intervention. That seems to me very not; but it may. You can wait a month; you not be acted upon to-day. As I understand, certain; and medical gentlemen agree in the can wait until the middle of July; you can wait its effect will be to bring on a collision between || testimony that a system which is not uniform until next December. If the Senator could the Federal authorities and the State authori- ) is of no sort of value; and it was said to the not learn what this resolution means between ties. I suppose if it goes into operation its committee that if the United States would the 6th of March and the 8th day of May, it effect will be to supersede the quarantine reg. undertake the work of providing a uniform takes him a great while to learn. That is all ulations of the State of New York over the system for all its ports and all its avenues our I have to say about it. It has lain on his desk harbor of New York; to take the power of the neighbors in Canada would conform to it and the whole time ever since the 6th of March. State of New York out of the hands of the establish just such an effective system there,

Mr. CLARK. I have always found that officers appointed by that State, their board and the same system that we have here, so that when a man forsakes his argument to attack å of health, their officers of quarantine, their there shall be no favoritism shown to one port person he confesses the weakness of his cause. efficient regulations, and place them all in the over another, either in the different States of It may be true in this case. Now, it may be hands of the Federal authorities. If that is this country or in the neighboring States. I that this resolution has lain upon my desk, and to be the effect of the joint resolution it had do not understand that any arrangements have it may be that it has been lying on the desk of better be considered a little before it is adopted. been made with our neighbors to the south in every Senator in the Chamber; but you know, I move that it be postponed until to-morrow. Mexico; and if no arrangement can be made Mr. President, and all Senators know, that it Mr. CHANDLER. I hope not. I hope it with them we shall have to protect our southis not usual for Senators to pick up the bills will be acted upou now, and either rejected or ern border when it becomes necessary. and resolutions that are laid on our tables, and || passed.

Mr. GRIMES. I think I am not open to the examine them seriatim, and we do not care to Mr. HOWE. Perhaps it is not very impor- | rebuke of the Senator from Michigan, that I see what their provisions are until our atten- tant whether the Senate acts upon this question have not examined this bill. I read it several tion is called to them by some committee that to-day or to-morrow; but before the Senate | days ago, and I am as ready to vote upon it reports upon them, and then, when a bill or votes to postpone action upon it at all, I should now as I shall be at any future time; and if the resolution comes up and is read at your table, || like to make a suggestion. I do not think it committee are anxious that it should be taken we listen to it, we hear its provisions, and we will be the practical operation of this joint res- up, I am willing that it should come ap and I begin to think about it. It is not strange that olution to bring about a collision between the am prepared to vote against it. I do not recafter a man hears it read at the table in that l authorities of the United States and those of ognize the obligation on the part of Congress way, when he sees that it has such sweeping any State or any municipality. We understand that because certain physicians in the city of powers that it goes from one end of the coun: that there is a general desire that there should New York believe that it is necessary that there try to the other, and puts all the resources of be a uniform system of quarantine established; I should be a cordon established in order to keep the Government into the hands of this.commis- that is, a system of quarantine established which the cholera away from this country, therefore sion, he should say, “You bad better be care- should be uniform at all ports and at all points we shall be justified in abandoning all the pow. ful, you had better wait."

of entrance. It is said that an effective quar- ers of Congress into the hands of a commix Now, the Senator from Michigan may desire || antine before the harbor of New York is really I sion and in conferring upon the Secretary of

the Treasury and the Secretary of War and the to avoid this mode of dealing with that which from the imposition of burdens of this kind Secretary of the Navy all control over the mil- is now pretty well understood. I should just unless in case of absolute necessity; and upon itary arm of the Government and over the as soon think of legislating against coughs and that principle the producers think they are Treasury, which this bill virtually does. I ad- colds as against cholera. As has been said, entitled to the indulgence of Congress for this dressed an inquiry to the Senator from Wis- we have large experience in it now in this coun: commodity. If it is refused, the revenues will consin to learn from him, if I could, what was try; I have been myself two or three times in not be the gainer and the people through those the full scope of this measure. I understand places where large numbers of people were regions will be very largely the losers. that it confers upon these officers

dying of cholera; and I think the universal I may remark another thing, Mr. President, Mr. HOWE. "I did not understand that to sentiment of the profession, the learned senti- that just at this season of the year is the time be the inquiry.

ment of the profession, is now that no kind of when new wells are put down, and in the conMr. GRIMES. I understood from the Sen- quarantine regulations can prevent the appear- dition in which the business is now found ator from Wisconsin that this bill conferred the ance and prevalence of this disease. It is an nobody will embark in it; there is a stagnation power on this commission, these three Secre- || epidemic instead of a contagion. It exists in all through that region of previous activity, taries, to establish quarantine regulations sim- the air ; and hence there was great propriety which is distressing indeed to look upon; and ilar to those they have in New York, although || in the jest of some Senator the other day who without new wells, and without the investment not to so great an extent perhaps, because to proposed to refer the whole subject to the ven- of the capital necessary to put them down, the such an extent it might not be necessary, any. tilation committee. If you could prevent the production of oil ceases to be a matter of any where on this continent. The bill does not introduction of that air from which the disease moment to anybody; because there is no well, require that the Government shall adopt the arises, if you could prevent it from traversing no matter how good a one it may have been at quarantine officers of the State of New York. its circle around the world every sixteen or the outstart, how freely it flowed or how proOh, no; they are to be new appointees, ap. || eighteen years and from coming into our atmos- fusely it could be pumped out, that is not in pointed under this law. The organization of || phere, perhaps something might be done; but time exhausted; and hence to procure the the city of New York or of the State of New I am satisfied no kind of regulation other than commodity new wells have to be continually York is to be entirely ignored and is ignored that of cleanliness and care when the poison is sunk and followed up by the investment of very by this bill. We are to have another batch of in the atmosphere will have the slightest effect considerable amounts of capital. This is now office-holders, innumerable in number if it is to stay the ravages of the disease.

stopped entirely, owing principally to the imto be extended uniformly over the country The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The morn- position of a tax of one dollar a barrel upon according to the idea of the Senator from Wis- ing hour having expired, it becomes the duty oil. I hope, then, the Senate will concur with consin, which I understand is the idea of the of the Chair to call up the unfinished business the House of Representatives in relieving from committee.

of yesterday, which is House bill No. 280. this burden. I have not any such fear of the cholera as to

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. With the

TAX ON PETROLEUM. induce me to vote for a bill like this. I believe

permission of the Senate, the Chair will lay that it will be attended with infinitely worse Mr. COWAN. Before the Senate proceeds before the body the joint resolution from the consequences to the country than the most with the unfinished business of yesterday I de- House of Representatives referred to by the malignant type of cholera that ever prevailed || sire to ask for the passage of a joint resolution Senator from Pennsylvania. upon this continent. As my friend near me which is now upon the table. Yesterday a joint The joint resolution (H. R. No. 137) to pro. says, one thing would certainly result from resolution was received from the House of Rep. vide for the exemption of crude petroleum it, and

that is that it would give the cholera resentatives and laid upon your desk, sir, to from internal tax or duty, and for other purto the Treasury of the United States if it should take off the internal revenue from crude petro- poses, was read twice by its title. be enacted into a law. (Laughter.]

leum. It was not referred to the Finance Com- The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The joint Mr. President, it may perhaps be owing to mittee regularly and formally, but the matter resolution will be referred to the Committee on the fact that I have no very great fears of the was before that committee this morning, and Finance. cholera, having had some experience in regard was fully considered. I ask now that the joint Mr. CONNESS. I hope it will not be to it from having lived in a town with it three resolution be referred to the committee, and referred. I trust the Senate will proceed to years, that I am not willing to break down all that I have leave to report at once that the com- consider the resolution now. the barriers around the Treasury, which some mittee have considered it favorably and recom- The PRESIDENT pro tempore. It requires gentlemen seem to be disposed to do. There mend its immediate passage; and I ask that it unanimous consent to consider it at the present is nothing, according to the provisions of this be put on its passage, as I think the matter is

time. bill, as I understand it, that it does not author- of great importance to the production of the By unanimous consent the joint resolution ize the three Secretaries to do. I trust that oil regions, particularly of my State.

was considered as in Committee of the Whole. the time has gone by when we are going to be At the time when this tax was imposed, petro

It proposes to exempt from internal tax or duty called upon to legislate in the manner in which leum was worth ten or eleven or twelve dollars

paraffine oil not exceeding in specific gravity this bill proposes. During the prevalence of a barrel. At that time it was hoped that it thirty-six degrees Baumě hydrometer, the the war we drew to ourselves here as the Fed- would retain these prices in competition with product of a residuum of distillation, crude eral Government authority which had been the production of foreign oils, but that hope petroleum, and crude oil the product of the considered doubtsul by all and denied by many has not been realized. From a variety of causes first and single distillation of coal, shale, of the statesmen of this country. That time, the price has been reduced from ten to about

asphaltum, peat, or other bituminous subit seems to me, has ceased and ought to cease. three dollars, and when the producer pays the stance. Let us go back to the original condition of tax, and pays, as in a great many instances he

Mr. CONNESS. I beg to say one word on things, and allow the States to take care of has to do, a great expense for machinery, where

the motion that I have made to proceed to the themselves as they have been in the habit of the well is not a flowing well but pumping and consideration of this measure now. When the taking care of themselves. falling, it leaves him nothing, and the wells are

question was before the Senate hitherto, and Mr. HOWE. Take care of their own cholera! || being abandoned, and the whole region is in a

this tax was imposed, I for one was not in favor Mr. GRIMES. Yes, sir, take care of their condition of desolation and panic. They are

of it. Living as I had lived for many years in own cholera. My State will take care of its liable to such accidents as very often destroy cholera. I do not want to have a cordon, as

a mining country, where perhaps one in a hunthe proceeds of months in a single night by

dred enterprises succeeded, I understood well they call it, against the cholera established fire; and those fires are sometimes the work of between my State and the city of Chicago. I || incendiaries, growing out, it is said, of changes I believed then that the imposition of this tax

the nature of the enterprise of seeking for oil. do not want officials, either of the Treasury or which have taken place in carrying on the busiof the Army or the Navy out there to prevent

would prove precisely what it has proven to ness, throwing many persons out of employ- be--a tax rather upon effort than upon prop; a citizen from traveling from one place to an- ment. For instance, it is alleged that a very

erty. Such has proved to be the result, and I other, either on the lakes or on the Mississippi | great amount of oil has been consumed recently

hope that no person will object to remitting it, river, which authority is conferred by the pro- || by carters, draymen, wagoners, and others, visions of this bill. In my locality we are

so that this great interest may be relieved from who were thrown out of employment by the

a burden which is really intolerable to those familiar with this disease; we know that it has introduction of pipes to carry the oil to the de

engaged in it. not got such terrors as it seems to have to gen- positories, some of those pipes being seven or tlemen who are not familiar with it, and we do | eight miles long.

The joint resolution was reported to the not want to have our liberty restrained, nor do The expiration of Young's patent in Eng

Senate, ordered to a third reading, read the we want to have our privilege of locomotion land and Scotland for procuring the petroleum

third time, and passed. restrained, nor do we want to have the Treas- from Scotch shales has reduced prices there,

HOUSE BILL REFERRED. ury afflicted by any such bill as this.

and it is utterly impossible for our people now The bill (H. R. No. 563) to regulate the Mr. COWAN. I can only add to what has to compete with those oils, they bearing the time and fix he place for holding the circuit been so well said by my eloquent friend from burden of this tax. We must consider further

court of the United States in the district of Iowa, that in the present condition of the med- that the imposition of a tax upon this com- Virginia, and for other purposes, was read ical science nothing can be more absurd than modity is itself against all principle. It goes

twice by its title, and referred to the Committhis legislation. If there is any one thing I || into the families in every part of the land; it

tee on the Judiciary. think well settled, it is that cholera is not con- is an article of prime necessity, an article as tagious in that sense of the word which would

USE OF THE WALL. necessary as air and food to life; and I believe enable you by means of some legislative enact- some political economists always, or at least Mr. HOWARD. I move to take up Senate ment to keep it out of the country. I think for since the days of Adam Smith, have recom- bill 109. the credit of the body in that respect we ought Il mended that articles of that character be freed Mr. SHERMAN. I hope that will not be done. I desire to have the unfinished business vice of the Post Office Department during the to vote for this proposition. As it is, I think of yesterday disposed of.

fiscal year ending June 30, 1867, and for other it had better be struck off the bill altogether. NÍr. HOWARD. I do not think this bill purposes, is now before the Senate, the pend- The Secretary proceeded to call the roll. will take much time.

ing question being on the amendment of the Mr. GRIMES (after first voting in the affirmMr. SHERMAN. I think we can dispose | Senator from Illinois, [Mr. TRUMBULL.] ative) said: Yesterday, I paired off on this of the Post Office appropriation bill, which is Mr. MORRILL, I move to amend the bill and all the amendments to it with the the unfinished business of yesterday, in a little amendment of the Senator from Illinois by Senator from Connecticut, [Mr. Dixon.] I while. The debate is exhausted, I imagine, | striking out the last clause, I think it is, which understood that the pair only extended to yesand we can take the vote.

provides for a report of the cause of removal terday; but as he is not here to-day it is posMr. HOWARD. Very well. to the Senate.

sible that he may understand that it extends The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The un- The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Sen- | beyond yesterday. I therefore desire to withfinished business of yesterday is the bill (H. ator from Maine moves to amend the amend- draw my vote. I voted “yea." I do not know R. No. 280) making appropriations for the ment by striking out the words "the cause, in how he would vote if he were here. service of the Post Office Department for the case of removal, to be reported to the Senate The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Shall the fiscal year ending the 30th of June, 1867. at its next session;" so that the amendment, if Senator from Iowa be permitted to withdraw Mr. WADE. I ask the Senate once more amended, will read:

his vote? No objection being made, his vote to take up the resolution granting the use of And be it further enacted, That no person exercising

will be erased. the Chamber to Mrs. Walling. I suppose there or performing, or undertaking to excrcise or perforin, The result was announced-yeas 22, nays will be no debate upon it.

the duties of any office which by law is required to be
filled by the advice and consent of the Senate, shall,

16; as follows: Mr. SHERMAN. Let us take a vote on before confirmation by the Senate, receive any salary

YEAS-Messrs. Anthony, Buckalew, Clark, Doothis question.

or compensation for his services unless such person little, Edmunds, Fessenden, Foster, Harris, Lane of Mr. WADE. On what question? be commissioned by the President to fill up a vacancy

Kansas, McDougall, Morgan, Morrill, Nesmith, Norwhich has happened during the recess of the Senate, ton, Riddle, Saulsbury, Sherman, Stewart, Van WinMr. SHERMAN. The question debated

and since its last adjournment, by death, resignation, kle, Willey, Williams, and Wilson-22. yesterday. expiration of term, or removal for acts done or omitted

NAYS-Messrs. Chandler, Conness, Davis, Guthric, Mr. WADE. This will not take a moment in violation of the duties of his office.

Henderson, Howard, Howe, Lane of Indiana, Nye,

Poland, Pomeroy, Ramsey, Sprague, Sumner, Trumto decide it one way or the other. I ask the Mr. HOWARD called for the


bull, and Wade-16. unanimous consent of the Senate to take it up. on the amendment to the amendment, and they

ABSENT-Messrs. Brown, Cowan, Cragin, Cres

well, Dixon, Grimes, Hendricks, Johnson, Kirkwood, I only desire to have a vote upon it. If there were ordered.

Wright, and Yates-11. is any debate upon it, I will let it go over. Mr. FESSENDEN. I wish to say a single So the amendment to the amendment was

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Sen- word on this subject. I intimated the other | agreed to. ator from Ohio asks the unanimous consent of day that as the amendment stood originally I The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The questhe Senate to take up the resolution grant- had made up my mind to vote for it, and I gave

tion now is on the amendment as amended. ing the use of the Chamber to Mrs. Walling for some reasons why I thought we might with the

Mr. HENDERSON. I hope the Senator purposes of lecturing.

No objection being | propriety pass something of that description from Illinois will now withdraw the amendmade, the resolution is before the Senate, and with reference to what has been done heretothe question is, Will the Senate reconsider its | fore, which I deemed to be very improper ;

ment. I think there is nothing in the amendvote rejecting the resolution? but I could not vote for it with that clause in

ment now except the admission of the power Mr. MORGAN. On that question I ask for it. My colleague now proposes to remove that tainly will not vote for it.

of the President to make removals, and I cer. the yeas and nays. objection, so far as it existed to that particular

Mr. HOWARD. The reason which the honThe yeas and nays were ordered.

clause, by striking it out. I shall vote to strike Mr. WADE. I barely wish to say this before

orable Senator from Missouri has for voting it out, because I think if the amendment is to the vote is taken on the reconsideration: this be passed at all it would be much better with

against this amendment is the same reason that lady, I believe, was in Texas when the war

I regard it as a plain out that clause, and if that is stricken out it recognition by Congress, or by the Senate at

will prevail with me. broke out. She has three young children de- would take away the most offensive part of it.

least, of the absolute and unconditional power pendent on her for support. She lectures, as But I desire to say that on further reflection I understand, very much to the acceptation of I have come to the conclusion not to vote for I and I cannot concede such a principle.

of the President to make removals from office, the people, and she endeavors to support her- it as an amendment to this Post Office approself in this way.

Mr. HOWE. I shonld like to have the She is exceedingly anxious | priation bill, whatever particular form it may that she should have an opportunity to lecture assume, and for a reason which I will state.

amendment reported as it stands now. here at once, more, I believe, on account of the

The Secretary read as follows:
If this was very important-and I dcem it im-

And be it further enacted, That no person exercising prestige it will give her to have this Hall than portant that something of the kind should be

or performing, or undertaking to exercise or perform, for any other reason. I hope this privilege will done,I would vote for it as an amendment the duties of any oflice which by law is required to be be granted to her. That is all I wish to say even to an appropriation bill if we were at the

filled by the advice and consent of the Senate, shall, about it.

before confirmation by the Senate, receive any salary very last of the session, and we had not time

or compensation for his services unless such person The question being taken by yeas and nays, to legislate on the subject in another way; but be commissioned by the President to fill up a vacancy resulted-yeas 19, nays 11; as follows: I deem the suggestion made by the honorable

which has happened during the recess of the Senate,

and since its last adjournment, by death, resignation, YEAS–Messrs. Anthony, Chandler, Doolittle, Ed- Senator from Missouri [Mr. HENDERSON) in expiration of term, or removal for acts done or omitmunds, Fessenden, Guthrie, Howard, Howe, Mc- relation to a bill upon the subject, which might ted in violation of the duties of his office. Dougall, Morrill, Nesmith, Nye, Poland, Pomeroy, Riddle, Sumner, Wade, Williams, and Wilson-19.

be well considered and digested, to be the Mr. HOWE. I think there is enough left
NAYS-Messrs. Buckalew, Davis, Grimes, Harris, proper course to be taken with regard to it. to vote "yea" upon it, and I believe I will
Henderson, Morgan, Norton, Sherman, Trumbull, Undoubtedly this is a matter which needs con- stick to it.
Van Winkle, and Willey-11.

ABSENT--Messrs. Brown, Clark, Conness, Cowan, | sideration, because we have felt at various Mr. DOOLITTLE called for the yeas and
Cragin, Creswell, Dixon, Foster, Hendricks, John- times that there were evils growing out of it, nays on the amendment as amended, and they
son, Kirkwood, Lano of Indiana, Lane of Kansas, but it should be done with consideration, and
Ramsey, Saulsbury, Sprague, Stewart, Wright, and

were ordered. Yates-19.

embrace the whole subject. We have ample Mr. TRUMBULL. I think as the proposi. So the motion to reconsider was agreed to.

time to do it left us. We are not at the heel tion has now been amended, striking out a

of the session. The thing may be well adThe PRESIDENT pro tempore. The ques

part of the clause in reference to removals, it justed and well considered ; and for a well- would be better to strike out all about removtion now is on the adoption of the resolution. Mr. WADE. I move to amend the resolu

considered bill I should be very willing to vote, || als and present it in the form in which it was

for the reasons that I gave the other day. tion by striking out " Monday evening, the 7th

originally offered. The proposition as origi

But I do not think it wise in any point of || nally offered was refusing pay to any person instant,” and inserting, “Thursday evening, || view, either as a matter of general legislation put in office in a vacancy which existed during the 10th instant." The amendment was agreed to.

or, if Senators please, in a party point of view, the session of the Senate. It is clearly not

to put an amendment of this sort, at this time within the constitutional power of the PresiMr. DOOLITTLE. I should like to have and under existing circumstances, upon an dent to fill a vacancy which does not occur the resolution read, as amended.

appropriation bill, more especially upon the during the recess of the Senate. I prefer, as The Secretary read it, as follows:

Post Office appropriation bill, which may very a part of the amendment has now been stricken Resolved, That the use of the Senate Chamber be much embarrass it, and with which the deal. | out, to put it in that form, and let us see whether granter to Mrs. M. C. Walling for the purpose of deJivering therein an address on Thursday evening, the

ings of the country are very much interested. the Senate is prepared to vote to pay men who 10th instant; the floor of the Chamber to be for the

If I had had any doubt on the subject the argu- are put into office without the consent of the exclusive accommodation of members of the Senate ment that was made by my friend who has Senate, when the vacancy existed while the and House of Representatives; and that hereafter the Senate Chamber shall not be granted for any other || charge of the bill, [Mr. Sherman,) and whom Senate was in session, and it could have been purpose than for the use of the Senate.

I feel in some measure bound to follow in rela- consulted; in other words, whether it is proThe resolution, as amended, was adopted.

tion to it, was such as to convince me that the posed to repeal the existing law.

course which I have now suggested is the proper Mr. SHERMAN. I will ask my friend from POST OFFICE APPROPRIATION BILL. course to take in relation to it.

Illinois if the law of 1863 does not cover that Mr. SHERMAN. I now call for the order Under the circumstances I have deemed it

very case. of the day. proper to make this explanation, as otherwise

Mr. TRUMBULL. It does not cover all the The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The unfin. || I might be considered as acting in the face of ished business of yesterday, being the bill (H. what I remarked the other day; and that is that Mr. SUMNER. Then I suggest to the SenR. No. 280) making appropriations for the ser- without this addition to it I should be disposed II ator to modify his proposition.


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