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to annul, and to destroy the Constitution and refused to vote for it; they would not even whether we could have carried the State for to centralize this Government, and thereby to permit his voice to be heard in that hall in Governor Curtin but for that full indorsement take away from the people the privileges which favor of the cause of his country.
of Vallandigham. that Constitution formed by our forefathers A motion was first made in the House that Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. I demand gave to them. The gentleman from Illinois Andrew Johnson, and Governor Wright, of In- my colleague's authority for that assertion. belongs to that party, and he will allow me to diana, should have the use of the hall of the Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. I give say, a party which does not seek any immediate House in that dark hour of the country, and my pledge, if the gentleman will accept that. restoration of this Union. They find that | how was that motion met by the representatives Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. I will Andrew Johnson seeks that restoration in good of the great Democratic party, who are now, accept the gentleman's pledge for forty-eight faith.
or claim to be, the special friends of the Presi- hours. His spirit of loyalty and fidelity to the Con- || dent? It was defeated by their votes, and then Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. In the stitution is far different from that evinced by presented in the Senate. I have no disposition convention that nominated Woodward for Govthe Republican party. It is far different froin to join in any vituperation against the Presi- ernor, against Curtin, a resolution was passed that spirit of the gentleman's party which dent. I am far from indorsing some of the congratulating the Democratic party of Ohio pressed through hurriedly the admission of utterances of my friend from Illinois (Mr. on their nomination of Vallandigham. And the State of Colorado with two Senators in the INGERSOLL) in his speech to-day in regard to if that is not so I will agree to give the genother branch of Congress, simply because those | Andrew Johnson. I shall never engage in any tlemantwo Senators will make up the two-thirds vote personal abuse of any man who may be opposed Mr. SMITH. Twenty cents. [Laughter.] in the Senate and enable the Opposition party to the policy of the party with which I act. But, Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. More to be equal to any emergency against the con- sir, I say that this same Democratic party, led than that; I will give a basket of champagne. duct of the President in defending the Consti- on by this same Heister Clymer in Pennsyl- Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. The tution of the United States. Yes, sir, thatvania, were opposed to allowing Andrew John- || gentleman is mistaken. The convention deState was admitted into the Union, so far as son an opportunity to be heard in the hall of nounced the arrest and manner of incarcerathe votes of the two Houses can go, when it the Senate of Pennsylvania, and that the very tion of Mr. Vallandigham. has not as many inhabitants, I venture to say, same leaders have been here in this capital, and Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. I am as there are voters in my own district. I have met them in the presence of the Presi. astonished that my colleague (Mr. RANDALL)
That is the party against which we are ar- dent of the United States, asking, as I suppose, has such a short memory. I have had occarayed. It is the party which the people must for his interference in the State in favor of their sion to read that resolution before tens of thouoverthrow before they can expect any full res- party. These very men abused him two years sands of the people of Pennsylvania; I have toration of this Government. We can never ago as I never heard a public man abused in a had occasion to refer to it more than fifty have a continued peace until the principles public assembly, as I had occasion to know, times. I do not misrepresent the Democratic embodied by Andrew Johnson in his veto of for I was in the chair at the time, and was com- party, nor do I misrepresent Mr. Clymer, who the Freedmen's Bureau bill, his veto of the || pelled several times to call them to order on is a personal friend and an honest man. He civil rights bill, and his speech of the 22d of account of their low abuse of a man that I has voted consistently and at all times against February last shall guide this country in a res- supposed then to be, and still hope that I may the war policy of the Government, and against toration of the Union of these States. be permitted to call, a patriot,
making appropriations to feed and clothe the Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. I like [Here Mr. WARNER handed Mr. LAWRENCE soldiers who were fighting for the Governthat Christian virtue called patience, and have the speech referred to.)
ment; he has always sustained the copperhead tried to exercise it toward iny friend over the Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. I sug- party and its friends in the State of Pennsylway.
gest that the gentleman have leave to print it, vania. He is and has been a consistent leader Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. I am so that it may go to the country along with the of that party, and stands to-day as the candimuch obliged to the gentleman for his kind- speech of the gentleman from Illinois, (Mr. date of that party in our State for Governor;
I knew his patience and his kindness INGERSOLL,) to see which is the worst. a party, the members of which did all they of old, but perhaps I have encroached upon Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. I have dared to do, and keep out of prison, to hand them too much.
not said anything against the President, and us over to the rebels in the South. Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. Not shall not.
Mr. SMITH. Will the gentleman allow me at all. I yielded more readily to the gentle- Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. I am to ask him a question ? man because he claimed to represent the Dem- not alluding to your remarks.
Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. Cerocratic party, and I wanted him to have the Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. I say || tainly. privilege of defending his friends, as he has that the men who were the enemies and tra- Mr. SMITH. I would like to ask the gen
ducers of Andrew Johnson in my own State, the tleman from Pennsylvania [Mr. LAWRENCE] if Now, Mr. Speaker, with the gentleman's || copperhead party, who have held their secret it is not his wish as well as the wish of every permission, before I enter upon the subject cabals day and night, who have conspired loyal man in the country, I presume, that all which I intend to discuss, I propose to ask | against the Government, are now swarming men should be loyal and obey the laws and him a question in reference to the very subject | around the President, getting down on their sustain the Constitution and the union of the he has adverted to. The gentleman says, and knees like sycophants, and asking for crumbs. States. Is not that his wish? I do not controvert that he comes from a I have seen them myself. And I have been Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. That loyal district in Pennsylvania, and that his told on good authority, and I believe it, that is my wish, certainly. And I should be very constituency are as loyal as that of the gentle- some of those who, a few weeks ago, nomi- glad to see those punished who did not do so. man from Illinois, [Mr. IngERSOLL.] I want nated Mr. Clymer, came here to see if the in- And I would like to see some of them hung. him to tell this House whether he supports to- fluence of Andrew Johnson could not be had and could name about twenty of them myself day the Democratic candidate in Pennsylvania to carry that State for the Democracy in the
for that purpose. for Governor, Heister Clymer. coming contest.
My SMITH. And I could double the Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. I do; Now, this is not saying anything against mumber. and I expect to do so with all my heart, be- Andrew Johnson. I am telling who they were Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. And cause I believe his election will aid in the res. who abused him at that time, and who were his I do not know but I could name some in Ken toration of the Union.
enemies. Those men to-day repudiate, as I | tucky. Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. I only || suppose my colleague [Mr. RANDALL] does, Mr. SMITH. And I would donble that, too. wanted a categorical answer.
the Baltimore platform; although my friend But I would ask the gentleman, if he finds men Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. You have commends Andrew Johnson because he says | disposed and willing and anxious to obey the
he stands on that platform. And yet did my | laws, and do obey them to all intents and purMr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. I will friend and colleague support and approve that poses, would he have any cause of complaint now refer to a scene which has come up vividly Baltimore platform? I have no doubt he de. ll against them ? before my mind since my friend from Mlinois pounced it in every Democratic club-room in Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. Does [Mr. INGERSOLL] commenced his speech-a the city of Philadelphia, the very platform on the gentleman expect me to have any faith in scene which occurred three years ago or more which he says Andrew Johnson now stands. the Democratic party repenting of their sins? in the Senate of Pennsylvania-when I heard Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. The || [Laughter.] Andrew Johnson slandered and vilified more Democratic party of Pennsylvania are not re- Mr. SMITH. Allow me, if you please. than I ever heard any man abused in a public sponsible for everything that Mr. Heister Cly. Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. I body by that same Heister Clymer and his mer may say in his individual capacity: (Laugh- | thonght the gentleman referred to them. Democratic associates. I have the speech ter.] Moreover, let me say that the Demo- Mr. SMITH. Oh, no; I am not in the Clyhere. I was told that the Senator was careful cratic party of Pennsylvania indorsed Andrew mer controversy at all. I do not know anyto suppress some parts of it, but in that speech | Jolinson in their resolutions, because they be- || thing about it. I speak of those who are willing he assailed Andrew Johnson in the strongest lieve his policy of restoration will give us once to obey the laws, and I do not come within the terms, declaring him utterly unworthy of the more a united country, and only on that ground. | purview of the gentleman's rule of punishment. confidence of the Democratic party. And why Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. And As to hanging the leading traitors, I am as was it that he made that assault on Andrew the same party in my State sustained Vallan- much in favor of that as the gentleman from Johnson? Because we were disposed to honor digham and indorsed him.
Pennsylvania can be. him by giving him the use of the hall of the Ar. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. When? Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. Well, Senate of our State in which he could be heard Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. In Mr. Speaker, I did not mean to take up so in defense of the war. The Democratic party their State convention, in 1863. And I doubt II much time. I was drawn into this discussion,
as the gentleman from Kentucky is aware, by to the public along with the speech of the gen- men covered all over with crime, who have the remarks of my colleague.
tleman from Illinois, [Mr. INGERSOLL.] been guilty of treason to the country, and by Mr. SMITH. I disclaim any intention to Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. I can- suffering himself to be led astray by our oppointerfere in the controversy between the gen- not yield for that purpose.
nents, has made it necessary for the Union tleman and his colleague. I was only asking Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. It will men to stand together in support of the.general a question with reference to the point of re- take only a minute.
policy we sustain here, and they are as earnest pentance and confession, whether the gentle- Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. The and as powerful as when they sustained Anman would forgive a man on that ground. gentleman knows very well that I have not drew Johnson for the Vice Presidency of the Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. Cer- much time.
United States. They stand in opposition to the tainly I would, so far as I am personally con- Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. The doc- general policy of the President, and in favor cerned; but I would not, for that reason, ument which I desire to have read is the plat- of the general policy pursued by the party in exempt all the traitors from the just penalty | form upon which Heister Clymer was nomi- Congress, and I stand there with them. I am of their crimes. nated as a candidate for Governor.
not going to abandon my principles to follow Now, Mr. Speaker, a dozen gentlemen Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. I have the lead of any man. I was willing to yield around me are calling for the reading of the seen that platform over and over again. . It is something for peace and harmony. When war speech of Heister Clymer, to which I have an utter abandoment of all the old positions is made upon us, when it comes upon the wings referred, and which is just handed to me by l of the Democratic party,
of the wind every morning and every evening, the gentleman from Connecticut, (Mr. War- Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. It is a when we are attacked upon all sides, when NER.] How he happened to have it I know not. good Union platform,
attacks are made upon our people because they In compliance with their wishes, I send to the Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. But, are not willing to bear the yoke, I cannot Clerk's desk to be read an extract from the sir, of what use is a platform which every one support the policy. Legislative Record, the official report of the knows to consist simply of hypocritical pro- Mr. Speaker, I will not abuse the President debates in the Pennsylvania Legislature. fessions? Sir, the platform which that party personally. I never do that thing. I predict, The Clerk read as follows:
has adopted in Pennsylvania for campaign pur- with the honorable gentleman from Illinois, that “Mr. CLYMER. Mr. Spoaker, on this day, at this poses is a card representing Clymer supporting we need not fear the contest. We live in an hour, in this place, a great issue is on trial, fraught with the interests, not only of the present, but of the
a white man, while General Geary, that heroic age of advancement, when bibles and churches future; and if I, in the decision of this issue, havo man, who traveled with Sherman through the and school-houses are scattered all over the acted a part, however unimportant, Isball hereafter South, and returned victoriously, is represented land, when men are expected to respect a man look back to this day, to this hour, and to this place, as holding up, or perbaps embracing, a negro. because he is a man, when men are expected with feelings of no little gratification."
Sir, the only capital of the Democratic party to do justice to all men, white or black; and I “What is the question presented? It is a propo- to-day in Pennsylvania is the negro question. say the day is not far distant when this misersition to invite Andrew Johnson, the so-called Gov- They attempt to appeal to the lowest passions able copperhead party, that has no love of prinernor of Tennessee, to addregs the people of Pennsylvania from the Senate chamber of this State. I
and prejudices of the ignorant and debased ciple, that does not stand by its professed prinhave various reasons for opposing this proposition. with regard to the negro. Because some of ciples during more than one campaign, that In the first place, I here boldly proclaim that he is not at this hour and never has beon, by the Consti
us representing here the State of Pennsylvania || has changed them in my own State twenty times tution or under the laws, the Governor of the State
voted for negro suffrage, as an experiment, and within my own knowledge, when this Demoof Tennessee, except when years ago he was elected to enable them to compete with returned rebels | cratic party that derided Johnson, that slanto that office by the people. I say, sir, that bis ap- in this District, our names are paraded as friends | dered Lincoln--yes, sir, for they did deride, pointment by the President of tho United States
to that position was a usurpation of power on the part
of the negro in preference to the white man. vilify, and slander him all over the land, callof the President, and that there is no warrant under In this, with the tricks of demagogues, that | ing him a low buffoon, while to-day they come the Constitution, no authority in the laws for his
party appeal to passion and prejudice, and not up and hypocritically sing praises to his memappointment; and that every act which he has assumed to perform by virtue of his unconstitutional to judgment and reason.
ory-I say that the day is not far distant when and illegal appointment has been in derogation of Now, I say that is the platform upon which this Democratic party will sink into oblivion the rights of a sovereign State, and in pat violation these men stand. It is published in every Dem- covered with the curses of the people it has of the Constitution of the United States. “I say, sir, furthermore, that no such position as
ocratic paper in the State. I eulogized Presi- deceived. military governor of a State is known to the Consti- dent Johnson when these men were denouncing This same party rallies around President tution of the United States; that there is nothing in him. I stood by him at that time, in Harris- Johnson by night and by day. Go to the that instrument which authorizes the President of the United States to appoint a military governor of any
burg, when he made one of the most able argu- White House any time you please and you will State; and that to make such an appointment was ments that I ever heard in defense of the Con- be sure to see some of them, and always the to create tho State of Tennessee a military province; stitution and the right of the Government to shadow of some of the Blairs. [Laughter.] I and that his appointinent was made to carry out and subserve the purposes of the present Administration.
put down this rebellion. I followed him then; have scarcely ever gone there without meeting which is to reduce all the States of this Union to the I followed him in Tennessee, when he stood some one of the family, I have seen the old condition of mere dependencies of a consolidated oli
like an oak stricken in the forest, when he was man, who is almost ready to fall into the grave, garchy or despotism. That is my position, so far as concerns this pretended Governor of Tennersee. An
driven from home, and his family were scat- there. It was the same during Lincoln's addrew Johnson has not been for years, and is not now, tered. I stood by him then, and I stood by | ministration; he was always there trying to lead the Governor of that Stato; and I will never recog- him as the candidate of the Republican party | the President away from the people, in order Dize him as such by voting for this resolution. But, sir, without regard to any question of his
in the last campaign. I helped to elect him. to give office to the family. official position, take Andrew Johnson as an individ- I would be glad, sir, to say that I indorsed I feel like the man in my own State at the ual, assuming that he is rightfully clothed with the robes of oflice and may constitutionally exercise the
every act of his Administration. I do not, and time that President Jackson removed the deduties of that high position; even then, I say to you,
I cannot. I came here as anxious as my friend posits. He said, "I didn't wish General JackMr. Speaker, that I never by my vote will allow a from Illinois that we should be united, that the son any harm ; but I shouldn't care if the man to come into these halls and from this place speak to the people of this great State in support of
President and Congress should stand together | Almighty took a fancy for him.". [Laughter.] what I know to ho illegal, unconstitutional, and
in this great issue. I knew the assaults we had No family in this land so few in number has tyrannical acts of the Federal Government. I know, to, meet from the Democratic party. I knew done so much to alienate the President from sir, that Andrew Johnson has gone as far as the farthest, and is ready to go still further, to destroy, to
they were thirsting for the loaves and fishes. those who were his friends as this family of uproot, to upturn every principle upon which this
I knew they would use every effort to secure Blairs. great and good Government of ours was founded. I possession of the Government. I was anxious I have been drawn off into this personality. know that he has bent with suppliant knee before the throne of power; I know that for relf or some
that we should stand upon the platform of the | How could I help it? The Union organization other consideration, he has succumbed to every party which would save us from this humilia- || by which I have stood since the first tocsin of measure presented to him forapprovalordisapproval; tion and disgrace. I did all a man could do to arms was sounded at the attack on Sumter, I and I know that in speeches delivered in the capitals of other States he has enunciated doctrines
stand by the President, and, as some of my have followed it, never stopping to inquire which, if adopted by the people of the great North, friends know, I subjected myself to suspicion whether a man who adhered to it was a Demwould be subversive of individual freedom and per- and reproach from some of my radical friends, ocrat or a Republican, and it was this organisonal right. Sir, by no voto of mine can any person holding such views address tho people of Pennsylva:
because I did not indorse all their policy. I zation and its policy that saved the country. I pia in this chamber: Never, sir, never, so long as I regretted to hear the President abused early in have met these men who call themselves Demhave a right to forbid him.
the session. I was anxious we should be kept | ocrats everywhere. I know where they stand, Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. As || together; but after his speech of the 22d of and how they long for the flesh-pots of Egypt. the language to which I have referred does not February, and after his veto of the civil rights | But I have always found myself right when I appear in that speech, it is proper that I should bill, I found I could not go for his whole policy || have sustained the Union organization in my say that Mr. Clymer and others suppressed a | without degrading myself and losing my own own State. Months ago I trembled for the portion of the most objectionable part of their self-respect.
President elected by Union votes, when I saw speeches. But from the whole tenor of that And I say here, in the presence of the nation, those men about the White House trying to speech, the House will observe that it was a that my district that voted for him was in favor steal him away, flattering him, eulogizing him, repudiation of Andrew Johnson, not only per- of sustaining his Administration until by some and dictating a policy for him. sonally and politically, but officially.
of his own acts, and by means of the copper- When I saw, long since in the State DepartMr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. Will my head party all over the land, he succeeded in ment, a pile of pardons as high as twenty family colleague yield to me a moment?
destroying that confidence which I desired to Bibles, [laughter,) and a man carrying a lot of Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. For cultivate; and to-day I have the gratification them out, I saw it was a wholesale business, what purpose?
to know, although I represent a doubtful dis- and was informed by a gentleman there he had Mr. RÂNDALL, of Pennsylvania. That I trict, that the President, by the removal of pure, carried out thousands of such. may have read a document which I wish to go I honest, and patriotic men, and by pardoning Well may we tremble for the President, wien
we reflect how much depends on his fealty to regard to that man, for he would not inflict just what the wool-growers desire on that his true friends.
such injustice on his loyal friends in western subject. But as my friend from Illinois (Mr. INGER- Pennsylvania-men who sustained him so cor- Mr. BANKS. I hope the gentleman from SOLL) has well said, the Union party will sur- dially and so effectively.
Pennsylvania will go on with this speech and vive and save the country. I glory, sir, to- I have always been treated kindly by the let us have the other in print. day, in the record of that party. There never President personally, and always expect to be. Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. I have has been a party in any country that has done When he makes a mistake he allows me to refer little more to say, as my time is nearly out. I so much for liberty. It has saved this Govern- to it. And if I make a mistake I am willing || wish now to say, in addition to what I have ment from destruction. While the soldiers met that he should refer to it, if he does not do it | said, that I am willing to trust the future of the rebels in the field of battle and defeated in a speech on the 22d day of some month. this great nation to the Union party which has them, the loyal men of the North met their allies (Laughter.]
done so much for the country. When a party in the political field, at the polls, and defeated Now, Mr. Speaker, I had not the slightest | is held together and actuated by an honest them. I repeat, this Union party has saved the intention when I came here to-day of saying | desire to perpetuate the greatest good for the country in its hour of trial and it will triumph one word of what I have said. I have a speech greatest number, you cannot by these side in the end, not so much on account of its num- here on the tariff, and on the subject of protec- issues and by executive patronage corrupt it bers as because it is right. As my friend from tion to wool. You told me that I could not get and lead it away from the path of duty. Chicago (Mr. WENTWORTH] remarked the other the floor next Saturday, but that I might get in Sir, the people do not forget the amount of day, "God will sustain us if we sustain the a speech to-day, if I would hurry up and get it blood and treasure that they have spent during right."
ready. So I went home yesterday, and being the last four or five years. They do not expect I repeat, then, the Union party is bound to tri- : hard-working man I sat up late last night || this Congress to proceed in the work of reconumph. I may not indorse all that is done here and got up early this morning, and about con- struction upon a policy which would lose to the by it. I am not quite satisfied with the report cluded my preparations for a speech to-day on loyal people of the country all that they have of the committee on reconstruction and shall the tariff.
gained in the late contest. And this Congress vote to amend this proposition. But the Union Now, I represent a district that is more in. will be sustained as far as they are right. party will live in spite of adversity. Already | terested in wool-growing than any other district The members of the Union party have been the political ax is falling upon the necks of our in the country, not even excepting that repre- slandered and vilified and denounced all over friends. Heads are falling in my own State. sented by my friend from Iowa, (Mr. Grin- the country; but, sir, I venture to say that this A MEMBER. Who are they?
NELL,] who has shown so much interest in Congress comprises a body of men as honest Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. As wool this session, And I believe my own and as faithful to the interests of the country good men as ever lived are being displaced for county has more and better sheep than any as any men who ever sat in this Hall. Sir, we bad men.
The President has turned out the other county in the country. (Laughter.] are assailed, not because we are partisans, but marshal of western Pennsylvania, as pure and Mr. GRINNELL. I have been charged by because we stand together as men loving jusupright a man and as capable as ever held the people in my district with having had so tice, standing up for the right. office anywhere, and appointed a man in his much to do with another kind of wool that was In the coming contest in Pennsylvania the place who was dismissed from service on a not so popular, that I thought I would go for Union party will be sustained. My colleague charge implicating his integrity. Thank God, || another kind that the people are more willing over the way [Mr. Randall.] knows that the he is not confirmed, and will not be. [Laugh- to have.
contest promises to be as bitter as any that we ter. ] I have met him very often. I do not Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. Repre- || have ever had in that State. He knows how know how much money he has made out of the senting a district which has such a deep interest | loyal the people of that Commonwealth are. position that he lost. The report varies. in the subject, I thought I would be justified in He knows that Pennsylvania gave to the aid of
Mr. SMITH. Who recommended him ? saying a few words in favor of protecting wool. the Government as many soldiers, and more, Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. It is When this political subject came up,
perhaps, in proportion to her population than not for me to say. Certainly the gentleman led into speaking upon it, and I have said more any other State in the Union. He knows that from Kentucky [Mr. Smitu) did not.
than I had intended to do. I have this speech the great heart of that giant State—it has some. Mr. SMITH. I suppose somebody from here on wool and tariff, but I feel some besita- times been called the blind giant-has always Pennsylvania did it, and I would like to know. tion in boring the House with it, for it is a dry | beaten in unison with the highest and best Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. When || speech, full of statistics and figures.
interests of the country. And I tell him that I spoke to the President about the late marshal, Mr. SMITH. I move that the gentleman on the night of the second Tuesday of October and told him what I knew of him-told him have leave to print his wool speech instead of next we will send up from western Pennsylvathat there was no more competent or worthy | the one he has made. (Laughter.]
nia a voice which will convince him that the officer to be found-the President intimated that Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. I object | people have not forgotten the record of Heister he should not be removed ; but before two days || to that arrangement.
Clymer. They have not forgotten the fact, elapsed he was removed and another name sent Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. I do || which the legislative journals prove, that he into the Senate; the one to whom I have referred not know that the speech I have made now uniformly voted against securing to the soldiers as having been dismissed from the service of will appear very well in print. But I am sure in the field the elective franchise; and in a the Government charged with various crimes. the speech of my colleague to-day (Mr. Rax: || public speech he boasted of having done so.
Mr. SMITH. I would like to ask the gen. DALL) will not compare very well with his | In my presence he voted over and over again tleman from Pennsylvania [Mr. LAWRENCE] former record.
against every proposition calculated to assist if this person who was appointed marshal by Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. If the gentleman | and sustain the State and the nation in the late the President did not carry with him some from Pennsylvania [Mr. LAWRENCE] should struggle. He has been a most consistent friend similar recommendations, in a political point | not publish his speech of to-day we should of Vallandigham and William B. Reed, and of view, to those upon which the President lose Clymer's speech; and I should not want that class of men all over the country; and he released Clement C. Clay upon parole. to lose that.
is a fit representative to-day of the Democratic Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. I am The SPEAKER. The Chair would say to | party. He is a friend of Woodward, who as glad the gentleman has asked me that question. the gentleman from Pennsylvania that the judge of the supreme court made a decision Now, I venture to say—and I have not seen reporters of the Globe have already taken
against the constitutionality of the conscription the record, and do not know whether there is down his speech of to-day.
law, and who, because of that decision and one any or not-that there is not an honest Union
Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. I have against enfranchising the soldiers of the State, man in western Pennsylvania who signed any been led off on this political question. But I was nominated by the Democratic party for remonstrance against the late marshal. No want it distinctly understood that I intended Governor. charges were or could be preferred against so only to get in this wool speech to-day. [Laugh- Mr. Speaker, I say that when the people of pure and upright a man, respected and loved ter. ]
Pennsylvania come to look at the record of the by all who knew him. But there is a little Nr. GRINNELL. I move that the gentle- || Democratic candidate for Governor in my State, cabal or clique of three or four men in Pitts- man have leave to print his wool speech. not only on these questions relating to the war, burg, in the district of my colleague, [Mr. Mr. SMITH. Certainly; that is right. but on other questions, they will repudiate him. MOORHEAD,) who cannot control twenty votes No objection was made, and leave was The Union party in that State, as members of in any ward or borough in the State, bronght || accordingly granted. The speech will be pub- || this House are aware, have nominated a canthis influence, with the aid of leading Demo- lished in the Appendix. :)
didate without reference to his political opincrats, to bear on the President; and I now Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. I have || ions; a man who did once act with the Demomake the prediction that notwithstanding that kept very quiet this session, as members very cratic party. We expect to elect him, and we attempt to break down my colleague in his own well know. I thought it most prudent in a new will elect him. I can assure you the people are district by removing some of his purest and member not to mix up in these political dis- || honest and well-informed and will stand by the best friends, he will come back here to the cussions. But I felt it to be a duty that I owed country, and the truest, best friends of the counnext Congress with as large a majority as he to the people I represent to speak on this ques: try, and all will be well. Now, I will not detain ever had before. Those few men,
tion of protection for wool. I have presented the House longer. Not a word on this question heads"
we call them there, are men who al. petitions with more than ten thousand names which I have said did I intend to say when I ways want offices from any party that has asking Congress to give them increased protec- came into this House. I now yield the floor. them to give. I hope the President will deem tion on wool. I have been, with others, be- Mr. ROGERS. Mr. Speaker, I did not in. it proper and right to withdraw the name he fore the Committee of Ways and Means on this tend when I came here to-day to participate in proposed for marshal from the Senate. I am subject, and I will say to the country that we this debate, nor did I expect when I came here certain the President has been deceived in I believe the committee have agreed to report II to be entertained with debate of the character
of that indulged in by the gentleman from Illi- military governor he did it as Commander-in- they indorsed all the language he is charged by nois, [Mr. INGERSOLL.] Indeed, I should not Chief under military law. And I am here to that sheet to have used on that occasion. now say anything did I not feel it was my duty, sustain the appointments of military governors Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. Allow when a man holding a high official position in under those circumstances, whether appointed me to ask if Mr. Clymer has not been reëlected the United States, the highest within the gift || by Abraham Lincoln or Andrew Johnson, as to the Senate by the same people, and also of the people, is assailed in his personal, po- an element of military power when the nation | renominated for Governor, since he made that litical, and national character, as a Represent- is sought to be torn asunder by rebels in arms, utterance. ative of the people to sustain him in the prin- as a necessary element of military power to Mr. ROGERS. That may all be ; but because ciples which he has enunciated, and which I sustain the flag and to defend the country. he was reëlected it is no evidence that the peobelieve to be the true Union principles of the Mr.WILSON, of Iowa. The gentleman from ple who voted for him indorsed all he has said. country. Nor do I, in the remarks I intend to New Jersey evidently misapprehended my ques- I have no doubt that we have said many things make, expect to indulge in any loose charges || tion. I asked him whether he, at the time Mr. on this floor and elsewhere that all our conagainst those who represent the Republican | Lincoln performed that act, indorsed it. stituents do not indorse ; and I will guaranty or so-called Union party. I am not ready to Mr. ROGERS. I say this: that I never had there is not a member here whose whole conbelieve that the rank and file of that party | anything to say about it, that I know of, either stituents will indorse all he has said. Will any are disloyal to their country, nor am I willing || publicly or privately, in any way whatever. But one undertake to say, for instance, that all the yet to believe that those eighteen hundred || I never doubted the right of a military com- Republicans of the district that send to this thousand men who supported George B. Mc- mander in a military district where hostilities | body the gentleman who says he regards the Clellan in 1864 were disloyal to the country and existed and the flag of the country was being | States lately in rebellion as conquered prov. wished to accomplish its ruin and to establish assailed by armed invasion, to use the mili- inces will indorse that utterance of the distina despotism in place of the free Government tary power within those military lines. And I || guished gentleman from Pennsylvania, (Mr. which descended to us from our forefathers. say I have always indorsed, and do now indorse, STEVENS?]
But while I support the doctrine of the Presi- the act of Abraham Lincoln in appointing mil- It is most unfair to undertake to make a dent of the United States with the rank and | itary governors within the lines of the military great party responsible for what a few indifile of the Democratic party, it is from the fact operations.
viduals may say. Because some men in the that the doctrine he has enunciated now, and Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. The gentleman | Democratic party may be unwise, that ought the doctrine he has always enunciated, is the occupies a somewhat conspicuous position in not to consign the Democratic party and its doctrine of constitutional liberty, which is the the Democratic party, and inasmuch as he says great doctrines to the tomb, even if the party very life and soul of our form of Government, that at that time he has to recollection of hav- should happen to support some of those men without which the light of liberty would go out || ing uttered any word of indorsement or disap- for official position. and we would sink into despotism. I take the proval as an individual, I would ask him whether I know there are members of the other side ground here, and without fear of successful the party with which he then acted and now of the House, and I can pick them out, who contradiction, that Andrew Johnson has not acts indorsed the acceptance of office by Andrew often support measures advocated by the disviolated any principle he ever enunciated, that | Johnson.
tinguished gentleman from Pennsylvania, (Mr. he acts to-day under the solemn obligations of Mr. ROGERS. I say, sir, as a party, you STEVENS,] and yet disagree with him in the the oath which he has taken to support the Con. can nowhere find in any State, county, or town- reasons by which he has reached his conclustitution in all its integrity, that he has betrayed ship an instance where the Democratic party sions upon the subjects. I know from having no principle or party, and that his only ambi- ever denounced Abraham Lincoln for the exer- had private conversations with them, and from tion and his only hope are to sustain this great cise of military power within a State while the hearing their speeches upon this floor, that thiş and glorious Union in the pristine vigor which people of that State were arrayed in insurrec
is the case.
There are some of them who hold it had before the war commenced.
tion against the Government, and where civil that the States are out of the Union, are dead I am ashamed, sir, at the situation which law could not prevail.
for all political purposes; others hold that affairs have taken in this country. I weep
in Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. I believe that the they are states in the Union, but without the silent sorrow that a Representative of the Uni- l speech which was read at the desk a few mo- right of representation. But there are some ted States Congress should get the attention of ments ago, made by Mr. Clymer, the Demo. who hold with the Democratic party, that those this House and country in vilifying and abusing | cratic candidate for Governor of Pennsylvania, States are entitled to immediate representation as true and noble a patriot as ever stood up in does distinctly denounce the action of Mr. Lin- upon their representatives taking the oath preany country in defense of its imperiled exist- coln in making that appointment, and denounces scribed by the Constitution and the laws, yet ence; a man, sir, who left the Senate of the
the acceptance of it by Mr. Johnson. Now, I they all vote together when the test comes. United States in response to the call of his coun- would like to ask the gentleman whether that Now, to charge a whole party with the retry; a man who, although southern-born, still utterance of Mr. Clymer at that time was not sponsibility of the acts of Mr. Vallandigham, imbued with the teachings of the fathers of the in harmony with the views and position of the or anybody else, is uncharitable and unjust to Republic, stood with those lovers of his coun- Democratic party.
the eighteen hundred thousand men in the try whose blood has been so freely shed upon Mr. ROGERS. As to the utterance made | North, many of whom had periled their lives southern soil; a man who has been identified || by Heister Clymer I have no knowledge, and in defense of their country, who- voted for with the Unionists of the South from the com- I'am free to say that so far as my knowledge | George B. McClellan for President of the mencement, and whose defense of our flag, extended the party indorsed no such senti- United States. I say without fear of contraemblematic of the principles of constitutional ments as are attributed to Mr. Clymer, but diction that the records of the Democratic freedom, made bim the envy and admiration of there is no proof that he ever uttered them party, from a period coeval with the formation all civilized nations. Yes, sir, he left the Sen- except the assertion of an abolition sheet. And of our Government, show that their doctrines ate of the United States for the purpose of let me say further, that the Democratic party, || and principles brought us to a state of prosvindicating the founders of his country, and to with its eighteen hundred thousand voters in perity unequaled in the annals of history. stand by the principles embodied and set forth the North,
and representing millions of women And only when the last generations of mankind in the Declaration of Independence and the and children, is not to be bound down by the have been gathered to the silent tomb will the Constitution of the United States. Sir, I would idle or loose declarations of any man, any more principles they have always maintained and not degrade this House so much as to descend than the honorable gentleman would wish to advocated cease to exist. And I am not to be to the position which has been taken here to- have the whole Republican party bound down driven from my honest convictions of duty by day by the honorable gentleman from Illinois by the declaration of Wendell Phillips when any denunciations of the party to which I belong, in vilifying, abusing, traducing, and slandering || he said that he had been a disunionist for thirty or by calling them traitors and disunionists. as noble a patriot as ever lived upon the face years, or of Horace Greeley when he held ont Sir, Andrew Johnson is pursuing now just of this earth.
an invitation to the southern people to secede. exactly the course he has always advocated. Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. The gentleman Mr. WILSON, of lowa. I presume when You cannot find in the Baltimore platform, refers to the present President having left the that question was pending in the Senate of upon which Abraham Lincoln was nominated Senate of the United States. When he left || Pennsylvania that the Democratic party was and elected as President and Andrew Johnson the Senate he did it to take possession of the represented in the persons of the Democratic as Vice President of the United States, one office tendered to him by President Lincoln; || Senators. Now, I ask whether that party single word which contradicts what he now that of military governor of the State of Ten- thus represented did not sustain Heister Cly- seeks to carry out.
Will you call Andrew I wish to ask the gentleman from New mer by voting to refuse the use of the hall for Johnson a traitor and disunionist because he Jersey whether he indorsed the act of Presi
the purpose of having that address made by wants the union of the whole country? What dent Lincoln in appointing a military Gov- Mr. Johnson.
was the object of the bloody war from which ernor for Tennessee? If he did not, did he Mr. ROGERS. No, sir; that was no in- we have just emerged? Why were a million indorse the acceptance of that office on the dorsement of what Mr. Clymer said at all, any men killed, maimed, and wounded upon the part of Mr. Johnson?
more than voting upon a proposition brought field of battle, and $3,000,000,000 of FedMr. ROGERS. I have no hesitation in | forward by a man is an indorsement of his eral and $1,500,000,000 of State debt imposed saying that the appointment of military gov- l speech made on that proposition. The Sena- upon the country? Why have weeping and ernors in time of war, when the civil tribu- tors had a right to refuse the use of that Hall sorrow and anguish been carried to almost nals eould not perform their functions in the to anybody for a public meeting; and simply every home in this broad land ? It was because Union, was constitutional under the right to because those Senators who represented the we desired to perpetuate the Union which our raise and support armies, repel invasions and Democratic party saw fit to cast iheir votes in forefathers established and handed down to us suppress insurrections, and that when Abra- accordance with the proposition of Mr. Clymer, for the protection and defense of the white men ham Lincoln appointed Andrew Johnson as it by no means follows as a fair conclusion that and the white women of this land.
Sir, Andrew Johnson wants the Union as it the North and the South, applying to all the tion now, embodying as it does the prohibition
He wants the Union that was made by States alike, and under which those who are of slavery throughout the country, is not a little the fathers and sages of the times that tried enfranchised shall be represented. Now, I better than it was before. men's souls. He wants the Union which was desire to know whether the gentleman is op- Mr. ROGERS. That is an issue which I intended to be the shield of the rights of the posed to that principle embodied in the report am not here now to discuss. It is an issue States, and the protector and guardian of the of that committee, or “directory,'' as he dead and gone. It is part of the history of the rights of the Federal Government. He wants the terms it.
past. It has become part of the Constitution proper equilibrium preserved between the three Mr. ROGERS. Yes, sir, I am opposed to it of the United States and freedom has been coördinate branches of the Federal Government. for the same reasons that our fathers were op- proclaimed to four million people. My vote, And because he will not violate every pledge || posed to taxation by the British Parliament power, and influence shall be given to sustain of faith that the Republican party made to the when they were denied representation in that that provision so long as I may live, whether people in 1864, he is to be branded here as a body. I am opposed to it on the principles || North or South shall desire to strike it out. tyrant and usurper, and as a violator of the of the Declaration of Independence and the Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. I ask whether if principles which lay at the foundation of our fundamental doctrines of the Constitution. those States who have been in rebellion were Government.
Sir, let me say further, in answer to that represented in these Halls at that time that I do not want to insult any one. I do not suggestion, that at the time of the formation provision would not have been defeated. rise for any such purpose. But when any of of the Constitution slaves were held in all the Mr. ROGERS. At that time these men were you rise here and charge, as you have to-day, States except one, and there was in many of engaged in rebellion and were convicts before the Democratic party and Andrew Johnson with the States a large colored population. From the altar of patriotism. The execution of the being traitors to their country and sympathiz- time to time slavery was abolished in the dif- law has been forgiven by the clemency and ers with secession, I denounce it as wickedly || ferent northern States; yet, although the abo- Christian character of the President. While false. This Congress, by its acts, through this lition was not accompanied by the enfranchise- they were firing upon the flag of the country central directory of fifteen that holds its secret ment of those who were emancipated, no one and trying to destroy this Government they sessions in this Capitol, is sapping the very life. || proposed that any of these States should be were not entitled to any consideration at all. blood and weakening the very foundations of deprived of representation for the colored Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. I ask the gentleman this Government.
population to whom they denied the right of whether he approves that portion of the PresMr. WILSON, of Iowa. I would ask the suffrage.
ident's conduct and policy which compelled the gentleman from New Jersey if he is not him- Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. We are not pro- people of these unrepresented States to ratify self a member of that central directory of which posing, as I understand, even if we adopt the that amendment and make it a part of the Conhe speaks.
amendment reported by the committee, to take stitution of the United States. Mr. ROGERS. I am, and I have great re- away from any State any just share of repre- Mr. ROGERS. I did not then approve of spect for the men who are on it. I am not here
sentation. The proposition, as I understand it, but I believe now it was for the best interto say that those men, or any men upon the it, is this, and no more: that a man in South ests of the country; that as an issue of war it other side of the House, are actuated by any Carolina shall have no more political power in should be given up in the reconstruction, after desire to commit intentional wrong. I would this nation than a man in New Jersey or in the war had wiped out slavery, to prevent future not degrade myself and the country by char- Iowa; that a white man in the State of South || agitation upon it. I am satisfied that the best ging that gentlemen on the other side of the || Carolina, which inaugurated this rebellion, interests, the grandeur, glory, and perpetuity House, who have always treated me with respect, shall not have as much power as that exer- of this Government demanded that the States are any of them desirous to injure the country. cised by three men in the State of Iowa. I ask should perpetuate the result of the war in strikBut their prejudices and their passions, as in the gentleman whether he is opposed to that ing the shackles of slavery from every human the case of John Brown when he cominitted kind of representation.
being within the length and breadth of this murder and treason in Virginia, are leading Mr. ROGERS. I maintain, sir, that there land. I never was in favor of slavery. No the country on to destruction, and without the is no more necessity for an amendment of the man, sir, ever heard me advocate slavery in the interposition of Andrew Johnson the lamp of Constitution, because a portion of the southern abstract, but I was in favor of standing by the liberty would soon be extinguished forever. population, lately slaves, have become free, elementary principles embodied in the Consti
Now, sir, I had no participation in the elec- than there was for a constitutional amendment || tution of the United States. I believed, and tion of Andrew Johnson
when the various northern States abolished do yet believe, that abolishing slavery by war Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. I should like to slavery within their limits. I say that the was in violation of the plighted faith of Congress ask the gentleman another question. It may Constitution as it stands grants to the southern as given in the Crittenden resolutions adopted be that this " directory” has been guilty of people no right of representation except that || after the war had begun, and of the letter, spirit, something which has not been disclosed. If based on population; and in this respect all and intent of the Constitution. That proposition the gentleman is at liberty to name it I should the States are placed on an equality; the South set forth the principles upon which this war like him to do so. I believe that the commit- enjoys no peculiar advantage. Sir, if a million was fought, and it emphatically declared that tee has removed the injunction of secrecy. foreigners land at the port of New York and when the rebels laid down their arms the Union
Mr. ROGERS. The gentleman knows per- become a part of the population of the State || should be restored. fectly well what has been done by that com- of New York, that State, under the Constitu- Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. The gentleman bas mittee. He knows that from that committee || tion, is entitled to representation for those to some extent eulogized the abolition amendhave emanated projects of disunion. He knows foreigners, although they may never become ment, and also the conduct of the President of that from that committee has emanated the doc- citizens and never vote.
the United States in relation to it, the Congress trine embodied in the proposed constitutional And I say, sir, that the representation which that passed it, and the Legislatures in the insuramendment and the two bills which have been has been allowed to the people of the southern gent States which ratified it. presented--the doctrine that the war dissolved States for the people of color will not exceed Mr. ROGERS. I have not eulogized them the Union, that the southern States are out of the basis for representation of foreigners who
at all. the Union, and that it will require an enabling are not entitled to vote in the northern, middle, Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. I ask the gentleact of Congress and an amendment of the Con- and western States.
man whether, in his opinion, that great good stitution to bring those States back into the Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. Would not the same could have been provided, whether that amendUnion.
result follow if one hundred thousand foreign- ment of the Constitution could have been had, I am no disunionist. I will coöperate with ers or a million foreigners should go into South whether that security of liberty could have no party that seeks to destroy this country. Carolina instead of into New York?
been procured for the people of this country When the leaders of the majority party on the Mr. ROGERS. Exactly. Let us leave the if the insurgent States had been represented floor charge me and my fellow-inembers of this landmarks of this Government as they were in these Halls; and if not, whether it would Democratic party with being traitors, I hurl when the Government was made. I believe have been wise to postpone until their recogback the charge into their teeth, and tell them this Government is the fruit of the most ex- nition was procured action on that amendthat they are the only party now preventing the perienced wisdom of any people who ever lived, ment to the Constitution. consummation of the great work of restoring and that Washington and Jefferson and the Mr. ROGERS. No, sir; I am not finding the Union upon the principles of self-govern- men who framed the Constitution of the United any fault, and if the gentleman had listened to ment consecrated by the blood of our revolu- States, coming out of the Revolution imbued me he would have seen that I found none with tionary forefathers.
with the principles of liberty and having the the course of action at that time in taking adMr. WILSON, of Iowa. The committee of mantle of victory and patriotism thrown over vantage of the absence of southern Representwhich the gentleman is a member have pre- them, were the best judges of what the true atives. But I held then as I do now, with Alexsented their report proposing an amendment interests of this country are. Sir, in this time ander Stephens, that there is no power in the to the Constitution of the United States. One of excitement and of peril, when the Union, by Federal Government to usurp the functions of provision of that proposed amendment is, as I the action of the members of this Congress, is a State that have never been delegated to the understand, that the southern States shall no dissolved, because eleven States are prevented | Federal Government, even by a constitutional longer be entitled to that unfair and unjust from sending their Representatives here, to amendment made without the authority of the share of representation which they have here- which right, under the Constitution, they are other States. I say that the abolition of slavery tofore enjoyed, and that, instead of having as entitled, it is no time to amend the Constitution. was an event of the war, and the result of one the result of four years of war, an increase of Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. The gentleman | of the principles of war resorted to by the conpolitical power in consequence of the emanci- speaks of the excellence and perfection of the quering power, that being the arbitrament to pation of the slaves, they shall conform to a Constitution as our fathers made it. I ask which the southern people submitted. And slabasis of representation which will be just to both hin whether he does not think the Constitu- very having been abolished under those circum.