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feited by the crime of treason, and that crime They will vote for Congress as it is, and Andrew his grave in his own beloved State, where traitors has not been expiated. There has been yo Johnson as he was!
and treason have even insulted his tomb and tho forgiveness, there has been no restoration of Sir, let Andrew Johnson remember that the
very earth that covers his remains, humblo as I am,
when you ask me what I would do, my reply is, I that right of citizenship, and that forfeiture very people who are sustaining him to-day, the would arrest then, I would try them, I would concontinues to-day, so that there has not been a very men who are calling upon the country to
vict them, and I would hang them.” legal vote cast by a rebel since the inaugura- || support the President's policy, are the same A little further on, in the same speech, he tion of the rebellion. “ He forfeited his right men who so vehemently denounced him and
says: to vote with loyal men when he sought to hounded him but a few months ago. They are
“In my opinion, evil-doers should be punished. destroy our Government." the men who were against him and all others
Treason is the highest crime known in the catalogue “We say to the most honest and industrious for- who were fighting for the Government during of crimes, and for him that is guilty of it, for him that eigner who comes from England or Germany to dwell the bloody years of war. None of his old is willing to lift hisimpious hand against the authority among us and to add to the wealth of the country,
of the nation, I would say, death is too oasy il punishfriends support him now, except it may be * Before you can be a citizen you must stay here for
ment. My notion is that treason must be made odious five years.' If we are so cautious about foreigners, some parasite, some lick-spittle who wants and traitors must be punished and impoverished; who voluntarily renounce their homes to live with some contemptible office within his gift. They
their social power must be broken, and they must bo us, what should we say to the traitor who, although
made to feel the penalty of their crimes. Hence I say are the only ones. Every high-minded man born and reared among us, has raised a parricidal
the halter to intelligent, influential traitors.” hand against the Government which always pro
who was for this war and this Government, tected him?" for freedom and justice, is against Andrew
Suppose, sir, he should declare such senti
ments to-day, what would be the effect? The Those were burning words, and how timely Johnson to day. Yes, sir, let him remember
throng that now surrounds him at the White they are now. If the executive power were he could not to-day in the grand State of Illi
House would disappear; the smiles of northto carry those words into execution, Andrew nois, who sent forth two hundred and fifty
crn Democrats and the caresses of southern Johnson would stand to-day among the honthousand of her sons to fight for the mainte
rebels would cease at once. ored men of the world, and as one of the first nance of the principle and sentiments he ut
But let us see what further he says: champions of liberty on the earth, if not the
tered in his speech at Nashville, get those men very first. to go for him now although they voted for him
“The American people must be taught, if they do
not already feel, that treason is a crimo and must be “My judgment is that he should be subjected to a in 1864. There is but one place they would
punished; that the Government will not always bear severe ordeal before he is restored to citizenship." go to now on his account, and that is to his'l with its enemics; that it is strong, not only to protect,
but to punish." That was said by Andrew Johnson when || political funeral. They would gladly follow Governor of Tennessee. What ordeal is he him to his political grave.
Sir, under the rule of Andrew Johnson it is subjected to before he is restored to citizen- Mr. Speaker, if he were a high-minded and neither strong to protect loyalty nor to punish ship, as Mr. Johnson now understands it? I
honest man, when he finds he cannot carry out treason, for he refuses both. By his vetoes of will tell you. It is the ordeal of a trip to Wash- the principles of the party which placed him in the Freedmen's Bureau bill and of the civil rights ington to ask Andrew Johnson to pardon him. power, that he cannot maintain the policy bill, he refuses that protection which he declared And that is all the ordeal he has to pass through. | inaintained by his true friends, he should resign it was the duty of the American people to exIf he cannot get money enough to make his
his office. I believe we had an example of tend to the freedman and to the poor southern personal appearance, an application, I sup
that kind in the Thirty-Eighth Congress. Mr. Unionist. And he refuses to punish traitors. pose, through the mail
Stebbins, elected by the Democratic party in He has had within his power Jefferson Davis, A MEMBER. Or female. (Laughter.]
New York, found, when he came here, that he the head and front of the rebellion, for one Mr. INGERSOLL. Yes, I have heard it
could not carry out the principles of the party year, and has not yet ordered him to trial. He said that a female was quite as effective.
which had elected him, and he accordingly refuses to punish everybody that held any leadLet me continue this, for it is refreshing.
resigned his seat like an honest man! Andrew ing position in connection with the rebellion. "A fellow," says Mr. Johnson, in referring | Johuson should follow that example, and re- Again, Mr. Johnson says: to a rebel. Does Andrew Johnson call one of sign, for I declare that he is not carrying out
“When we turn to the criminal code and examine these southern people a fellow? Oh, yes; but
nor intending to carry out the principles of the the catalogue of crimes, we there find arson laid that was in 1862 and 1863. Now it is the party which elected himn Vice Presidenti down as a crime, with appropriate penalty; we find
there theft and robbery and murder given as crimes; honorable gentleman from Mississippi," "My But let me proceed with his speech:
and there, too, we find the last and highest of crimes, friends from Virginia,' ?: "The noble chivalry
"Ah, these rebel leaders have a strong personal treason. With other and inferior offenses our people of the South whom I have so long and inti
reason for holding out-to save their necks froin the are familiar; but in our peaceful history treason has
halter; and these leaders must feel the power of the been almost unknown. The people must understand mately known, and can so thoroughly trust.”' Government."
that it is the blackest of crimes and will be surely [Laughter.] But he then said:
punished. I make this allusion, not to excite the
They did not know that he was going to be already exasperated feelings of the public, but to “A fellow who takes the oath merely to save his prop|| President, or that reason for holding out”
point out the principles of public justice which should erty, and denies the validity of the oath, is a perjured man, and not to be trusted. Before these repenting would not have existed.
guide our action at this particular juncture, and which
accord with sound public morals. Let it be engraven rebels can be trusted let them bring forth the fruits That is not all. "Treason must be made on every heart that treason is a crime, and that traiof repentance."
odious." Is that all? "And traitors must tors shall suffer its penalty. While we are appalled, If the loyal people ask Andrew Johnson to
overwhelined at the fall of one man in our midst by be punished and impoverished !" In 1862 he
the hand of a traitor, shall we allow men-I caro not show the fruits he has gathered from repenting | declared they must be punished and impover- by what weapons-to attempt the life of the stato rebels, what can he show them? He can show | ished, and now, sir, he is restoring every acre
with impunity? While we strain our minds to comthem nothing but stacks of applications for of land they enjoyed or occupied which by the
prehend the enormity of this assassination, shall wo
allow the nation to be assassinated ?" pardons!
military power had been turned over to the "He who helped to make all these widows and poor freedmen, taking it from them and band- Shall we allow the nation to be assassinated ? orphans, who draped the streets of Nashvillo in ing back to these rebels. That is the way in
That is the question that is upon us to-day, mourning, should suffer for his great crime. The work is in our own hands."
which Andrew Johnson makes treason odious. and if Andrew Johnson persists in the course
Failing to make it odious by punishing south- he is now following, this nation will be in danThat is a good point well presented. Let it ern men, he himself has made it odious by his ger of assassination by the same fell power that be reëchoed by the people of the North, that treachery to the party and the principles of
took the life of Abraham Lincoln. They may he who helped to make these widows and the party which placed him in power! If he
not use the same weapon, but it will be as mur. orphans and drape the land in mourning should is not a traitor to the Government and Con- derous in its effects upon the life of the nation. suffer for his great crime. But how does he stitution of the United States he is a traitor to The pretense is the restoration of the southern suffer for his great crime under Andrew John- the party which elected him Vice President, States and the readmission of rebels to the Conson? By receiving a pardon with the seal of
and to the sentiments which fell from his lips | gress of the United States. Carry out the policy the Executive upon it or a commission to a in 1862, and which found a welcome response
of Andrew Johnson, and you will restore the Federal office. That is all the suffering I have in the hearts of the loyal men of the country.
old order of things, if the Government is not beard of as yet.
Hear him again:
entirely destroyed; you will have the same old "The work is in our own hands." Ah!
the "Treason must be made odious, and traitors must
enemy of liberty and justice, that was true and would be to-day if Andrew be punished and impoverished. Their great planta- ruling this nation again, which ruled it for so Johnson was true to the principles he advotions must be scized, and divided into small farms,
many years. cated a few months ago. The work is in my
and sold to honest, industrious men. The day for
In a conversation with Sir Frederick Bruce, opinion in our own hands yet, whether he is rebellion is past. It is high time it was.”
the President used this language: with us or against us. We shall rely upon the
It was past then, and you, Andrew Johnson, "The time has come when traitors must be taught steady and untlinching loyalty of the people, should not have inaugurated a different policy. that they are criminals. The country has fairly made and Andrew Johnson though President will You have brought the dark days back! You
up its mind on this point; and it can find no more find when he opposes the executive power
earnest agent of its will than myself.” have reversed the order of things. Instead of against the eternal principles of right which bave been sustained by all this blood and treasdividing up their "great plantations” and sell
What egotism! No more earnest agent of ing them to honest and industrious men, you
the people's will than himself! Has he not ure that he will be as powerless as a rush ; that he will be overborne by the power of the are restoring to rebels their plantations, grant
falsified that by every act he has done for the ing them pardons, and asking their admission
last six months? Why, he could not make an people, and will find that the people in the into the Congress of the United States!
address two years, or even one year ago, without right are greater and more powerful than the I now read from his speech upon the fall of
speaking of the odiousness of treason and the President in the wrong. I shall trust the Richmond:
certainty of its punishment. But now, though people. I shall appeal from Andrew Johnson
"If we had an Andrew Jackson ho would hang them
he has not ceased to make speeches, he has to the people, and I fear not their verdict. as high as llaman, but as he is no more, and sleepsia
ceased to talk abont treason being made odious
and that rebels must be punished; he has ceased nels pacing before his door while he was se- perfect safety, and you thus place the southern States, saying anything about these matters, but talks curely and quietly sleeping through the watches
in reference to free persons of color, upon the same
basis with the free States.' about their restoration to political power in this of the night, while others braved the dangers he Government. That is the difference between never met!
This was encouraging to the poor souls who Andrew Johnson of to-day and the Andrew And will the American people allow him to had worn the galling chains of bondage all Johnson of 1864.
impose his infamous policy of “restoration" their weary lives. But we hear nothing of Now, I have shown but one phase of the upon them because he claims to have suffered this kind in his late speech. character and history of Andrew Johnson. so much? No, sir, not even if his pretended In this speech he simply tells them, as he Let us look for a few moments at the other | sufferings were real. Andrew Johnson has suf- has often said before, what he has suffered and phase. After he came to be the Executive of ered nothing worthy of remark. I will allow what he has done, and begs them to take upon the nation, he at first almost startled the nation myself to be interrupted by any gentleman who
credit the assertion that he will turn out some by his earnest denunciation of the crime of can tell me what Andrew Johnson has suffered, | day to be their best friend. Well, sir, I do treason, and his promises in reference to the unless it be that he has suffered the pangs of an
not believe in those who are friends on credit. certainty of its puuishment. But soon his old uneasy conscience for his perfidy to the princi- || I like a man who is a friend at the time when associates came around him. They wheedled | ples of the Union party. That kind of suffer- you need him; and if there ever was, in the him and flattered him and made him believe ing would be good for him, and I hope he may | history of this Government, a time when the that he was a great man, and had more power have plenty of it. There is certainly plenty of loyal black people of this country-and they than the people of the Republic who had elected cause and I trust it may have a good effect. are all loyal--needed a friend it is now, when him. They represented to him that all he had Andrew Johnson, as I was remarking, is a the South, being relieved from the military to do was to cut loose from the friends who || demagogue. In 1862, when he was in Nash. power of the Government, will seek to again had placed him in power, and accept them as ville, he told the colored people that he, An- enslave them, not perhaps by a sale on the auchis counselors, advisers, and friends, and he drew Johnson, military governor of Tennessee,
tion-block as in the olden time, but by vagrant has done so. And now, instead of being the was going to be their Moses and lead them out laws and other laws and regulations concernman entitled to the gratitude, confidence, and of the bondage of Egypt into the Canaan of | ing the freedmen, which subject them to a surlove of the loyal American people, he has only liberty. He made a mistake, to say nothing veillance, and will eventually subject them to the support of the late rebels in arms and their more. Instead of being their Moses he has a servitude little less degrading and no less sympathizers and apologists in the North. been their Pharaoh. And if I am not greatly | galling than the old chains of slavery which
The American people have borne a great mistaken this modern Pharaoh and his present they wore so long. Here is what the “redeal; they can still bear a great deal. But it admirers will be swallowed up and overwhelmed stored'' State of Mississippi has done already does seem to me that it is hard that we should in the sea of popular indignation which is rising in this regard: be afilicted with the rinderpest, the trichina, the in the loyal States. Why, sir, Andrew John- "1. 'An act to regulate the relation of master and cholera, and Andrew Johnson, all in the same son had at one time words of cheer to the apprentice, as relates to freedmen, freed negroes, and year. [Laughter.] Yet, with the blessing of freedmen, to the negroes, who had suffered
"2. *An act to amend the vagrant laws of the God, I believe we shall survive all this; and more than he ever did for the preservation of State.' that we shall exist after the Administration of this country. Sir, of the two hundred thou. * 3. An act to punish certain offenses therein named, Andrew Johnson shall have ended; that we
and for other purposes.' sand negro troops who volunteered under our
* In the third nct, section four is as follows: shall rise superior to it by the power of the loyal || flag and shouldered their muskets to do what "Be it further enacted, That all the penal and crimpeople; that we shall preserve this Government | they could for the unity of this Government inal laws now in force in this Stato, dofining offenses notwithstanding the mad policy of the Execu- and for their own liberties, there is not one of
and describing the modes of punishment for crimes
and misdemeanors committed by slaves, free negroes, tive and in spite of his southern friends and that sable host who is not more entitled to or mulattoes, be, and the same are hereby, reën. his northern copperhead supporters. I believe credit from the American people for what he
acted and declared to be in full force and effect that the day will come when the American
against freedmon, free negroes, and mulattoes, except suffered and endured than Andrew Johnson,
so far as the mode and manner of trial and punishpeople will show to the world that under the yet he is continually reminding the people of ment have been changed or altered by law.' American Constitution treason is a crime and the great sufferings and hardships he has en
"Some of the 'penal and criminal laws' which that traitors will be punished. But Andrew dured. In his address to the negroes in this
have been reënacted for the freedmen are as follows:
"Article fifty-eight, section eleven, page 248, Revised Johnson will never teach the world that lesson! city the other day he made this modest state- Code, makes it punishable with death for a negro to
Andrew Johnson is a consummate dema- ment in reference to the abolishment of slavery murder, commit rape, burn houses, commit robbery, gogue; he is one of the most unblushing dema- || by the constitutional amendment:
or attempt to commit euch crimes. White persons are
not punishable with death for most of the offenses gogues that now exist in this country. And I
"I feel, and know it to be so, that my efforts have mentioned in this scction, nor for the attempt to comwill prove that by his own record; by the contributed as much, if not more, in accomplishing mit any one of them. record that he has himself made. He has been this great national guarantee than those of any other “Article forty-five, of the above named act, page living man in the United States."
245, provides that a slave shall receive twenty lashes making some speeches recently, and I have
if he be found away from the place of his employonly to refer to them to prove the truth of the
Oh, sir, he had kind and cheering words for
ment without a pass. This is reënacted for freedassertion I have made. He has presented him.
those men who marched, with the utterances self before the American people in his speech of his lips still ringing in their ears, to Fort
Article forty-six, page 246, awards thirty-nine
lashes to the slavo for buying or selling without to the soldiers and sailors, and in his speech Pillow, where they were massacred, and to
written permission. Reënacted for the freedmen. of the 22d of February, if you can call that a Port Hudson, where they fought and fell hero. Article four hundred and seventy-six, pago 24,
allows civil rs, and others appropriate to speech. He tells them how much he has done, ically: And, sir, upon the other battle-fields what trials he has endured, what privations he of this war the words of Andrew Johnson en
their own use any article a slave may be seeking to
sell. Reenacted for the freedmen. has suffered, what hardships he has undergone, I couraged and cheered them to heroic deeds. "Article fifty-one, page 247, makes it punishable
But he has no such words for them now. and how much property he has lost in his
for negroes to congregato at night, or bold schools, efforts to save the Government and the counhave had an illustration of that fact in his late
&c. Reenacted as abovd.
Artiole sixty-three, page 249. Both ears are to be try, "and now,' says he, can you doubt my
speech to the negroes in this city when they cut off for false witness. (No white ears to be served loyalty and my intentions and my good will ?" were celebrating the anniversary of their eman
80.) Reenacted as above." Sir, Andrew Johnson has made no sacrifices | cipation.
Here you have a fair sample of the legislaworthy of any mention, and if he has, amap; || length, but
merely state its substance, he said
In that speech, which I will not quote at || tion of a State which has "accepted the situ. preciative and grateful people would remember
Is such a State fit to be represented them without his thrusting them in their faces
to those negroes that he thanked them for this now in Congress? Let the loyal people anon every occasion. What has he suffered?
token of respect to him; that they had taken swer! He has not suffered so much as the humblest the pains to come through the presidential
Sir, the la
which have been passed by the private that fought in our armies during the grounds and stop at the Executive Mansion and
southern States in reference to the freedmen rebellion. The humblest private that fought
pay their personal respects to him. He did are of the most degrading and oppressive charat Gettysburg or in the Wilderness is entitled not repeat the declaration that he was going to acter. I have given one sample ; let that do to more credit than is Andrew Johnson for
be their Moses and lead them through the wil- for all; I have no time to present any more to what he has done. Has Andrew Johnson ever
derness to the land of liberty. He did not tell the House. Many of those States have reën. fought the enemy in battle? No, sir. Has he them that he was going to stand by any of the
acted, it may be said, their old code of slave ever made an effort to find the enemy on the pledges of the Government that they should be
laws, simply striking out the word “slaves" tented field? Never. Has he ever even protected in their liberty in the States where
and inserting the words "freedmen,:. !persons smelled gunpowder? Has he ever camped on
they may live. No, sir; he made no such of color, * mulatto,”' &c., and giving them the frozen ground? Has he ever stood guard | declamation; it would have been useless. His
no more rights than if they were still chattels. in the stormy and dreary nights numbed with veto messages of the Freedmen's Bureau bill
So it would be in every single southern State, the frosts of winter? Has he ever suffered any
and the civil rights bill, the very measures of unless by the strong arm of this Government of the privations common to the soldier, or this Congress calculated to insure that protec
you protect the black man who aided in the endured any of the hardships of campaign life? || tion, would have been witnesses against him.
preservation of your liberties, who aided in the No, never; not even an hour!
In his letter to Governor Sharkey of August | preservation of the Republic, and the preserWhat has Andrew Johnson suffered? He 15, 1865, he said:
vation of that Constitution which is now being suffered being United States Senator in 1861;
" If you could extend the elective franchise to all
sought to be used as an instrument for their he has suffered being military governor of Ten
persons of color who can read the Constitution of the
oppression by the Executive of the United nessee, snugly ensconced in a mansion at Nash- to all persons of color who own real estato valued at States! wille, with a brigadier general's straps on his
not less than $250, and pay taxes thereon, you would shoulders, and feasted and toasted, with senticompletely disarm the adversary, and set an example
He tells us that the passage of these laws the other States will follow. This you can do with for their protection was unconstitutional. Sif,
has it come to this, that to protect the citizen's that I have stated the question fairly, let me the slightest degree. If they were States in liberty under a republican form of government ask, when did this right of representation ac- the Union by what authority did he go into is unconstitutional? If it has, we had better have crue to the southern States lately in rebellion ? them and do what he did? It was in violation a new Constitution. I believe that it is one of the Was it last month or six months ago, or when of their constitutions that existed prior to the inherent powers of Government to protect the
rebellion. He set those State constitutions citizen in the enjoyment of his liberty and in the I hold this to be the position of the Union aside, he disregarded them; he called new consecurity of person and in the rights of property, party on that question-although I am unau. ventions without authority of State vs, simply independent of all constitutions. It is an in- thorized to speak for any but myself-that if as the executive head of this nation, without herent power, a power that dwells in govern
the southern States are entitled to represen- any authority expressed in the Constitution, ment without any written law-that in the lan- tation in Congress to-day they were entitled to and against the constitutional rights of the guage of the Constitution, that instrument was representation in Congress the very day after States thus invaded. If they were States in framed by the people of the United States in the surrender of the rebel armies. What has the Union, and entitled at that time to repreorder to establish justice," "insure domestic || been done to clothe them with rights with sentation in Congress, he had no more author. tranquillity," "provide for the common de- which they were not clothed on the cessation | ity to go there and revamp their old constitufense, promote the general welfare, and l of hostilities? Nothing has been done by Con- tions, or refurbish them, or dictate new laws secure the blessings of liberty,'' &c. Will it gress giving them this right. Has the Pres- and designate men to execute those laws in be said that it must be written in express terms ident a right to clothe the States with new pow- South Carolina, Georgia, and Mississippi, than in the Constitution, otherwise the Congressers? Or has he the constitutional right to restore he had in Wisconsin, Indiana, and Illinois. has no power to protect its citizens, without powers once lost? That belongs to the legisla- | He would not dare to go into any of the northrespect to color or race, in the enjoyment of that tive department of the Government, and not ern States and tell the people to call a conliberty said to be the prime object in founding to the executive. Where under the Constitu- | vention, saying that such a portion were citithe Government? No, sir, it is but the make- tion does he get any legislative power? No. zens and entitled to vote, and such a portion shift of the demagogue. It is a bid for the where. He claims that peace exists. Why? | not, and calling upon them to incorporate such Presidency in 1868. It is a crumb-no, not a Because the rebels have ceased to fight; be- and such provisions and expunge others from crumb, but a whole loaf-thrown to the south- cause their armies have been disbanded; be- their State constitutions. He would be deern people for their support in the convention of cause the rebel power has been crushed. Not nounced as a usurper for undertaking to do 1868.
by any act of Congress does peace exist, but | such an act, and would be hung as a traitor We now have two great prestidigitators on simply by reason of the close of the war. unless he could find a pardoning power like the political tapis, performing all sorts of lofty Does that fact give the right to these people that he exercises now. tumbling in endeavoring to win the admiration of the southern States to representation? The Upon his own hypothesis, he has no more of the Democratic convention (to be) in 1868. President and the Democratic party say that it right to invade a rebel State than a loyal one, I will not say that the gentlemen to whom
I does. I deny it. It gives them no such right. and every proclamation he has made and every refer are Andrew Johnson and William H. If they bad any right after the surrender of act he has done in regard to the southern Seward, for no one would suppose that Sew- Lee, it was not by virtue of any action of the States since the cessation of hostilities has ard, with his higher-law” and irrepressible-President. He can confer no such right upon been a violation of their rights under the conflict' doctrines of the past, would stand a them.
Constitution of the United States. ghost of a chance, and he will not. The South Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. Does the But I believe that he has not been a usurper will never touch him.
gentleman want an answer to that question? to the extent that his own position indicates. The other gentleman, in fact, stands no bet- Mr. INGERSOLL. I am going to answer He says they are entitled to representation ter chance than Seward. He has betrayed one it myself. The Constitution clothes the Pres. So does the party that supports him. party that trusted him, and no other party will ident with no such power. He cannot make a We say, on the other hand, that the men who ever give him a chance for a second betrayal. citizen of an alien. He cannot make a natu- sought to destroy this Government have no But the race between the two, their throwing ralization law. Those people in the southern right to a voice in making the laws which of crumbs, and in fact whole loaves, to their States became aliens by virtue of their rebel- || direct the manner or mode of reconstructing southern friends, is quite amusing, and in the lion and treason, and he cannot restore them their States. end, may be instructive. I have not the least to citizenship. It requires a greater than he. Sir, it is a principle which the world will confidence in the political probity of either of The legislative power of the country is the only acquiesce in, which the people of this country them.
power that can restore them to citizenship, the will sustain, that the heroic people of the Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. I am | right of which they have forfeited.
loyal States, who subdued this rebellion, shall, willing that the gentleman from Illinois shall Then what follows ? Unless the rebels were through their representatives in Congress, dicproceed with his speech, provided I shall have entitled to representation in Congress immedi- tate the terms upon which the southern people the door when he gets through.
ately upon the surrender of the rebel army shall be represented in Congress. Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. I move they are not entitled to it to-day unless Con- must stand by that principle, for I would not that my colleague have his full hour after the gress has intervened and by appropriate legis. ll give a rush for the Government, unless it can gentleman from Illinois has concluded his lation has given them that right, and we all be preserved by the heroic and persistent effort speech.
know that Congress has done nothing of the of the northern people from the overwhelmThere was no objection, and it was ordered kind.
ing ruin which these southern men would inaccordingly.
And here let me say that the President him- evitably bring upon it if they should now be Mr. INGERSOLL. I am obliged to my self once recognized the fact that the rebels | permilied to assume control of national affairs. friends from Pennsylvania for their consid- lost their political rights; that their State gov- Restore these unrepentant sinners to Congress, eration.
ernments had ceased to exist by reason of their with Andrew Johnson standing by them, and Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. I desire rebellion and treason; that they had no power with the support of those who are here ready to state that the subject upon which I shall inherent in themselves to resuscitate those gov- to receive them with open arms, and your speak is a dry one-the subject of the tariff- ernments; that they were no longer citizens of country will be on the down grade to certain and will not interest the House as much as the the United States but were alien enemies, con- destruction. one which the gentleman from Illinois is mak- | quered by the Federal power. That was his Why, sir, do you suppose that the people we ing. I have no desire to interfere with the position less than one year ago, as I will prove. have subjugated are coming here to Congress enjoyment the House has in hearing the gen- The present President recognized the effect to vote a repudiation of their debt? Do you tleman from Illinois.
of the rebellion upon the southern people in imagine that they are going to forget their own Mr. INGERSOLL. Mr. Speaker, the truth the forfeiture of their political and civil rights rebel soldiers who have been disabled in the is that the people are not so simple or so easily by stepping in, in the absence of Congress, and war, or the widows and orphans of their own deceived as these gentlemen in high positions | proclaiming to these men what to do, and || soldiers? Think you they are going to vote for suppose. This game they are playing will be directing them to do it; by appointing over them a constitutional prohibition upon the claims of uncovered, it will be detected by the people provisional governors; by pardoning rebels for their own people, who sacrificed their treasure and condemned. Their whole game involves the purpose of making them Governors; by and their blood in the war against this Governan apostacy and an abandonment of the prin- || instructing them how to exercise the duties of ment? No! every man of them will vote to ciples which they once announced, and which their office; by telling them to call the people assume the rebel debt and pension the disabled we, in common with them, believed and sus- together in convention, and what kind of a rebel soldiers, and the widows and children of tained, and yet believe and sustain.
constitution to make; by declaring who should those who lost their lives in the rebel cause, Now, a word about this question of repre- and who should not vote, who shonld and who | and pay for the property that has been destroyed sentation. I leave it to any gentleman on the should not hold office; in short, by directing || by our armies that marched through the South.. other side of the House who is with the Pres. from beginning to end what the people should And when Congress votes to do all that the ident on his reconstruction policy, whether or and what they should not do. What was that bankruptcy of this Government is achieved, not, it is not held by him, and by those who but a clear recognition of the forfeiture of your own loyal debt is repudiated, and the support him, that the southern States are enti- their political and civil rights?
credit of your Government is annihilaied. You tled to representation without conditions ; that Now, I maintain that if the States wherein || will no longer be able to pay the pensions to we have no right to impose conditions on the he exercised that power were States within the your own disabled soldiers, or the widows and South precedent to their being represented in || Union, or in the Union as he now claims they | orphans that have been caused by this war. this Congress. That is their position, and that were, and that they were never out of the || The vote of the southern Representatives will all you can ask is, whether the representatives | Union, then he was a usurper, an invader of impoverish your Treasury and wide-spread ruin can take the oath prescribed by law. Now | State rights in undertaking to control them in I will follow. Loyal men of the North, are you
And we prepared to welcome the rebel States into your The Clerk read as follows:
has ever been for the Union and those who Congress now ?
“Soon after the first battle of Bull Run he ven- have fought for it. I wish I could say as much God forbid that that day should come. The tured out as far as Fairfax Court-House, and there was made acquainted with some of his secesh friends.
for the gentleman from Wisconsin, (Mr. Eldloyal people of this country have suffered too
On his return to Peoria he declared in substance RIDGE.] much to endure that humiliation and disgrace. that the people of Virginia were the noblest men Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. Mr. I appeal not to Andrew Johnson, because I of God's creation, and that the Government might as well attempt to pluck the stars from the heavens as
Speaker, I have listened to-day with some feel that it would be appealing in vain. I ap- to crush them, fighting, as they believed they were, interest to the vehement declamation of the peal to the people to stand by their Represent- for their rights and liberties.'
gentleman from Illinois against the President. atives until we have put it beyond the power of
About three weeks before the last nomination of the rebels of the South and their northern symMr. Lovejoy to Congress, Mr. Ingersoll stated that
The gentleman has drawn his sword against his defeat by a couservative man would bo worth the President, perhaps never to be sheathed pathizers to destroy this Government. And let fifty thousand inen to the cause of the Union.'" until death ensues. I do not mean death by us, the Representatives of the people, legislate Mr. INGERSOLL. Will the gentleman | atrocious assassination ; I mean political death for the interest of the country and of freedom. from Pennsylvania [Mr. RANDALL] allow me only. I am not the defender of the PresiWe must place such safeguards around this a moment?
dent. He needs no defender. I judge that Government as shall secure its perpetuity, its Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. After I || he is quite able, and I trust that he will be quite grandeur, and its glory for all coming time. get through the gentleman can answer that. ready to defend himself against this strong,
Wait a little while, gentlemen on the other Mr. INGERSOLL. I want to answer it || and I must add vindictive, bill of indictinent side. Do not be too anxious to allow this now, just where it is read.
against him. The characteristics which he southern Samson to put his hands upon the Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. Very || has displayed in former life would give reason pillars of this temple. You, too, may be crushed well ; I will yield if my colleague [Mr. Law- to expect that he will exhibit the same characin the ruin as well as we. For your own sakes Rence] is willing, for I hold the floor by his teristics again. as well as ours let these southern Representa- || courtesy.
But, sir, I rise as a friend of fair play. The tives stay out a little while until loyalty in their Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. I am distinguished gentleman from Illinois has States gets a better foothold ; until they shall willing that the gentleman from Illinois (Mr. charged the President of the United States send loyal men here; and if they have not the IngerSOLL] should have a short time to reply with the desertion of the principles upon which inherent sense of justice to do justice them- to what has been read. selves, let us impose upon them such constitu- Mr. INGERSOLL. I suppose this paper,
he was elected. I desire to present here the
Baltimore platform upon which Andrew Johntional obligations as shall require them to do from which the Clerk has read, is the copper- son was elected, so that those who read the justice to all men, of all conditions, the low as head paper of my town, Pcoria.
gentleman's remarks may be able to judge of well as the high; as shall require them to main- Mr. ELDRIDGE. It is the paper that sup- their truth and to decide for themselves who tain a republican form of State government. ported the Union during the war, and now
has adhered to that platform and who has not. Then, sir, I would admit them, but not till supports the Union and Andrew Johnson. It
The Baltimore platform is as follows: then. But till then let the same heroism, devo- is the organ of the party that has just succeeded
Resolved, That it is the highest duty of crcry Amertion, patriotism, and courage control and direct | in carrying the election in that town.
ican citizen to maintain against all their enemics the legislation of the country for the preserva
Mr. ÎNGERSOLL. The same old copper- the integrity ofthe Union and the paramount authortion of that Government and that Constitution | head paper?
ity of the Constitution and laws of the United States; which has been saved by the indescribable valor Mr. ELDRIDGE. The same old
and that, laying aside all differences of political opinpaper.
ions, we pledge ourselves as Union men, animated of half a million heroes now sleeping their last Mr. INGERSOLL. I supposed it was the by a common sentiment, and aiming at a common sleep, and by that million of veteran survivors same old paper. I have been used to being object, to do everything in our power to aid the Gov
ernment in quelling by force of arms the rebellion who are among us to remind us of their heroism | vilified and abused by that little, mean, dirty,
now raging against its authority, and in bringing to and courage, and then not only will the pres- despicable sheet; a mean, miserable, dirty, ly- || the punishment due to their crimes the rebels and ent generation bless you, but future generations ing, contemptible party paper of the meanest,
traitors arrayed against it.
Resolved, That we approve the determination of will treasure up your acts in grateful hearts, most contemptible, and lowest stripe imagin
the Government of the United States not to comproand God Himself will also add His blessing. able. It is a paper that cannot be excelled in mise with rebels, nor to offer any terms of peace er Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania, obtained meanness and lying and slandering in regard
cept such as may be based upon an "unconditional the floor. to the Union cause and Union men by any
surrender"of their hostility and a return to their just
allegiance to the Constitution and laws of the Cnited Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. Will my paper in rebeldom during the entire war.
States, and that we call upon the Government to colleague yield to me for a few moments? a filthy, dirty, lying
maintain this position, and to prosecute the war with Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. For Mr. ELDRIDGE. Does the gentleman deny
the utmost possible vigor to the complete suppres.
sion of the rebellion, in full reliance upon the selfhow long? the statement in that paper?
sacrifice, the patriotism, the beroic valor, and tho Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. I think Mr. INGERSOLL. I do not yield to the
undying devotion of the American people to the not more than five minutes.
country and its free institutions. gentleman from Wisconsin [Mr. ELDRIDGE]
Resolved, That as slavery was the cause, and now Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. I will just now. Sir, the statement which has just constitutes the strength of this rebellion, and as it yield for that time. been read, whether contained in that paper or
must be always and everywhere hostile to the prinMr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. I have in any other, is false from beginning to end.
ciples of republican government, justice and the na
tional safety demand its utter and completo extirpa: listened to the vehement declarations of the I never saw one of these Virginia rebels dur- tion from the soil of the Republic; and that weuphold gentleman from Illinois [Mr. INGERSOLL] || ing the war, to my knowledge; never. If I and inaintain the acts and proclamations by wbich
the Government, in its own defense, has aimed a death against the President. had, and the occasion had offered, I should
blow at this gigantic evil. We are in favor, furtherMr. ELDRIDGE. Will my friend from || have said to him what I have said to-day. My more, of such an amendment to the Constitution, to Pennsylvania (Mr. RANDALL) allow me to ask utterances would have been just the same as
be made by the people in conformity with its provis
ions, as shall terminate and forever prohibit tho a question of the gentleman from Illinois, (Mr. || they were in 1862, when, as a candidate for existence of slavery within the limits of the jurisdicINGERSOLL?]
Congress for the State at large on her Union tion of the United States. Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. I have ticket, I received the abuse and vilification of Resolved, That the thanks of the American people
are due to the soldiers and sailors of the Ariny and no objection, so far as I am concerned. that same contemptible, blackguard, copper- Navy, who have periled their lives in defense of
Mr. ELDRIDGE. The gentleman from Illi- head, Andrew Johnson paper, (laughter, I just their country, and in vindication of the honor of tho nois [Mr. INGERSOLL] has animadverted pretty as I receive it to-day. I then canvassed the
flag; that tho nation owes to them some permanent
recognition of their patriotism and valor, and ample severely upon the President on account of State of Illinois, and met with just such slan
and permanent provision for those of their survivors some alleged change of opinions. I desire to | ders, not only from that paper but from the who have received disabling and honorable wounds have read a passage from the Peoria Weekly Memphis Avalanche and the Richmond En
in the service of the country, and that the memories
of those who have fallen in its defense shall be held Democrat, and then inquire of the gentleman quirer. They are all of a stripe and seek the in grateful and everlasting remenabrance. if he has not somewhat changed his opinions. same end, the elevation of the copperhead Resolved. That we approve and applaud the pracMr. INGERSOLL. Is that a copperhead | party to power, even, if need be, it is upon the
tical wisdom, the unselfish patriotism, and unswervpaper? ruins of the Republic.
ing fidelity to the Constitution and the principles of
American liberty with which Abraham Lincoln has Nir. ELDRIDGE. I suppose you would call Sir, never since the first utterances of trea- discharged under circumstances of unparalleled difson in this country have my lips ever uttered
ficulty the great duties and responsibilities of the Mr. INGERSOLL. I deny its authority in one word, except in encouragement of the loyal
presidential office; that wo approve and indorse, as
demanded by the emergency and essential to the toto. I would just exactly as soon
North in their efforts to suppress the rebellion, preservation of the nation, and as within the ConstiMr. ELDRIDGE. I do not want to be inter- || and in denunciation of treason wherever it has
tution, the measures and acts which he has adopted
to defend the nation against its open and secret focs; rupted by the gentleman from Illinois. reared its head, whether it be in the Halls of
that we approve especially the proclamation of emanMr. INGERSOLL. Very well.
Congress, in the representative capacity of gen- cipation, and the employment as Union soldiers of Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania. I would tlemen who come here from northern States, or
men heretofore held in slavery; and that we bare
full confidence in his determination to carry these suggest that I yielded only to my colleague, // whether it be in the northern press, or where and all other constitutional measures essential to the [Mr. RANDALL.)
ever it may have been. I have been an un- salvation of the country into full and complete effect. Mr. ELDRIDGE. Then I would ask the compromising foe of every enemy of the Gov
Resolved, That we deem it essential to the general
welfare that harmony should provail in the national gentleman from Pennsylvania [Mr. Randall) ||ernment, of every enemy of the Union party, councils, and we regard as worthy of public confito have this read.
whether he has been engaged in lauding Vallan. dence and official trust those only who cordially Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. At the digham or organizing Golden Circles through
indorso the principles proclaimed in these resolutions, and
which should characterize the administrarequest of my friend from Wisconsin [Mr. out the northern States, or whether he had | tion of the Government. ELDRIDGE] I will ask the Clerk to read the nothing better to do than to vilify the soldiers Resolved, That the Government owes to all mon extract referred to. I am not responsible for that were fighting for the holiest of causes by l employed in its armies, without regard to distinctior
of color, the full protection of the laws of war; and it in any respect, for I do not know what it is. I calling them “Lincoln hirelings." My voice
that any violation of these laws, or of the usages of
civilized nations in the time of war by the rebels now A reply on my part had been previously made to ferred without any solicitation on my part it is with in arms, should be made the subject of full and prompt the action of the convention in presenting my name, the greater pleasure accepted. redress.
in a speech delivered in this city, on the evening suc- In accepting the nomination, I might here close, Resolved, That the foreign immigration, which in ceeding the day of the adjournment of the conven- but I cannot forego the opportunity of saying to my the past has added so much to the wealth and devel- tion, in which I indicated my acceptance of the dis- old friends of the Democratic party proper, with whom opment of the resources and increase of power to this tinguished honor conferred by that body, and defined I have so long, and pleasantly been associæied, that nation, the asylum of the oppressed of all nations, the grounds upon which that acceptance was based, the hour has now come when that great party can should be fostered and encouraged by a liberal and substantially saying what I now have to say. From justly vindicate its devotion to true democratic poljust policy.
the comments made upon that speech by the various icy and measures of expediency. The war is a war Resoloed, That we are in favor of the speedy con- presses of the country, to which my attention has of great principles. It involves the supremacy and struction of a railroad to the Pacifio.
been directed, I consider it to be regarded as a full life of the Government itself. If the rebellion triResolved, That the national faith, pledged for the acceptance.
umphs, free government North and South fails. If, redemption of the public debt, must be kept invio- In view, however, of the desire expressed in your
on the other hand, the Government is successful, as I late; and that for this purpose we recommend econcommunication, I will more fully allude to a few
do not doubt, its destiny is fixed, its basis permanent omy and rigid responsibility in the public expendi
points that have been heretoforo presented. My and enduring, and its career of honor and glory just tures, and a vigorous and just system of taxation; opinion on the leading questions at present agitating
begun. In a great contest like this for the existence that it is the duty of every loyal Stato to sustain tho and distracting thọ public mind, and especially in
of free government, the path of duty is patriotism and credit and promote the use of the national currency. reference to the rebellion now being waged against
principle. Minor considerations and questions of Resolved, That we approve the position taken by the-Government and authority of the United States,
administrativo policy should give way to the higher tho Government that the people of the United States
I presume, are generally understood. Before the duty of first preserving the Government, and then never regarded with indifference the attempt of any southern people assumed a belligerent attitude, (and
there will be time enough to wrangle over tho men European Power to overthrow by force, or to sup
frequently since,) I took 'occasion most frankly to and measures pertaining to its administration. plant by fraud, the institutions of any republican declare the views I then entertained in relation to
This is not the hour for strifo and division among Government on the western continent; and that they the wicked purposes of the southern politicians. They
ourselves. Such differences of opinion only encourage view with extreme jealousy, as menacing to the peaco have since undergone but little if any change. Timo
tho enemy, prolong the war, and waste the country. and independence of this our country, the efforts of any such Power to obtain new footholds for monarch
and subsequent events have rather confirmed than Unity of action and concentration of power should diminished my confidence in their correctness.
be our watchword and rallying cry. This accomical Governments, sustained by foreign military force,
At the beginning of this great struggle I enter
plished, the time will rapidly approach when their in near proximity to the United States. tained the same opinion of it I do now, and in my
armies in the field-the great power of rebellionMr. Speaker, I would be glad to present here,
place in the Senate, I denounced it as treason worthy will be broken and crushed by our gallant officers
the punishment of death, and warned the Govern- and brave soldiers, and ere long they will return to if I had it by me, the Chicago platform of 1860, ment and people of the impending danger. But my
their homes and firesides to resume again the avoin order to show the gentleman from Illinois voice was not heard or counsel hoeded until it was
cations of peace with the proud consciousness that his own inconsistencies and those of the party
too late to avert the storm. Itstill continued to gather they have aided in the noble work of reestablishing
over us without molestation from the authorities at upon a surer and more permanent basis the great to which he belongs. Washington until at length it broke with all its fury
temple of American freedom. Mr. INGERSOLL. Does not the gentleman upon tho country. And now, if we would save the I am, gentlemen, with sentiments of high regard, mean the Chicago platform of 1864? Government from being overwhelmed by it, we must yours truly,
ANDREW JOHNSON. meet it in the true spirit of patriotism, and bring Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. No, sir; traitors to the punishment due their crime, and by
Hon. WILLIAM DENNISON, Chairman, and others, ComI mean the Chicago platform of 1860, on which force of arms crush out and subdue the last vestige
mittee of the National Union Convention, Mr. Lincoln was nominated, and in which a just
of rebel authority in every State. I felt then, as now, Mr. INGERSOLL. I will show the reason
that the destruction of the Government was delibermaintenance of the rights of the States is an- ately determined upon by wicked and designing con
why I ask permission to put a question to the nounced as a distinct principle to which the spirators, whose lives and fortunes were pledged to gentleman from Pennsylvania. I will state party is pledged.
carry it out, and that no compromise, short of an wbat I understand him to state: that Andrew
unconditional recognition of the independence of the So much, sir, for the inconsistencies of the southern States could have been, or could now be,
Johnson had not changed from the platform of gentleman's party. Now, as to the question proposed which they would accept. The clamor for the party upon which he was elected in 1864; which he asks whether we were in favor of
southern right?," as the rebel journals were pleased but the party who elected him then, and oppose
to designate their rallying cry, was not to secure their admitting Representatives from the South, and assumed rights in the Union and under the Constitu
him now, has changed. when that right of representation ceased, if it tion, but to disrupt the Government, and establish Mr. RÁNDALL, of Pennsylvania. Yes, sir, ever ceased. Sir, I maintain that the right of
an independent organization based upon slavery, I think you have changed; that your party has
which they could at all times control. representation as belonging to the loyal people The separation of the Government has for years
shown the cloven foot; that they never exof the South has never ceased. The gentleman been the cherished purpose of the southern leaders. pressed any purpose before the people to do himself must be aware that, upon this
Baffled in 1832 by the stern, patriotic heroisin of what they have since done.
Andrew Jackson, they sullenly acquiesced, only to Representatives from the State of Tennessee mature their diabolical schemes and await the recur
Mr. INGERSOLL. Has not your party were admitted here in the Thirty-Seventh Con- rence of a more favorable opportunity to execute changed in so far that your party opposed angress, one of those Representatives being one
them. Then the pretext was the tariff, and Jackson, I drew Johnson in 18647
after foiling their schemes of nullification and disof the gentlemen who are now claiming seats union, with prophetic perspicacity, warned the coun
Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. The gen. upon this floor as Representatives from that try against the renewal of their efforts to dismember tleman has a Yankee way of answering one State. Sir, if those three Representatives, after
the Government. the State of Tennessee had seceded, had a right ford, after demonstrating the heartless insincerity of
In a letter dated May 1, 1833, to Rev. A. J. Craw- l question by asking another. [Laughter.] If
the gentleman will answer my question perhaps to come here and be admitted as Representatives the southern nullifiers, le said:
he may have a right to ask another. of the loyal people of the State of Tennessee,
“Therefore the tariff was only a pretext, and dis- One remark more and I will yield the floor.
union and a southern confederacy the real object. when and why did that right cease? Represent. The next pretext will be the negro or slavery ques
I want to say there are but two positions to atives from the State of Virginia were also
occupy, according to my apprehension, as to the Time has fully verified this prediction, and we question of the restoration of the Union, the
have now not only “the negro, or slavery question”. had the right to be represented in that Congress, when and how did her right of represen
as the pretext, but the real cause of the rebellion; | principle enunciated by the chairman of the and both must go down together. It is vain to at
Committee on Appropriations [Mr. STEVENS] tation cease?
tempt to reconstruct the Union with the distracting at an early part of this session, that these States Mr. INGERSOLL. If I understand the gen
element of slavery in it. Experience has demon-
are conquered provinces and we can therefore tleman, he claims that he is now supporting Governments, and it would be unwise and unjust
do what we please with them; and on the other Andrew Johnson's policy.
longer to continue it as one of the institutions of the hand, the Constitution of the United States and
country. While it remained subordinate to the ConMr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. I have stitution and laws of the United States 1 yielded to it
the decision of the Supreme Court, as delivered not claimed anything with reference to sup- my support, but when it became rebellious and at- by Judge Grier, which the gentleman from Illi. porting Andrew Johnson.
tempted to rise above the Government and control nois [Mr. INGERSOLL] himself has quoted to-day Mr. "INGERSOLL. Well, the gentleman
its action, I threw my humble influence against it.
to sustain his argument, in which that court does claim that Andrew Johnson has not will admit of no rivalry. No institution can rise il determined that these States had not by reason changed his political principles.
above it, whether it be slavery or any other organ- of the treason of any individual in any manner
ized power. In our happy form of government all Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. I have must be subordinate to the will of the people, when
been interfered with in their status as States. referred the gentleman to the Baltimore plat- || reflected through the Constitution and laws made
That is the gentleman's own decision of which form, which, I hold, corresponds precisely with
pursuant thereto, State or Federal. This great prin | he quotes, and that is the decision of the highest
ciple lies at the foundation of every Government, and the line of policy which was pursued with refer
tribunal known to the country. cannot be disregarded without the destruction of the ence to "restoration'' by Mr. Lincoln during Government itself. In the support and practice of And I now say, as an humble member of the the entire period of his Presidency, and which,
correct principles we can never reach wrong results, Democratic party, so far as I have been able to if I have understood correctly the declaration
and by rigorously adhering to this great fundamental
judge, it represents the conservative sentiment of the Secretary of War, Mr. Lincoln would and the overthrow of an institution which has made of the country. I claim to be a conservative have continued to follow, had he lived. And
war upon and attempted the destruction of the Gov- Democrat myself, and not such a Democrat as
ernment itself. that platform is in entire harmony with the pol- The mode by which this great change-the eman
the gentleman has described, not such as the icy now pursued by Andrew Johnson. So far cipation of the slave-can be effected, is properly || gentleman would charge with treason, for, on as I am able to judge, his course in the work
found in the power to amend the Constitution of the the contrary, I represent a Democracy as loyal
United States. This plan is effectual and of no doubtof restoration presents no inconsistency with ful authority; and while it does not contravene the
as the gentleman from Illinois. I represent, the Baltimore platform or with his letter of timely exercise of tho war power by the President in sir, a people who went with as much zeal and acceptance written in response to his nomina- his omancipation proclamation, it comes stamped || perhaps as far as the gentleman from Illinois tion at Baltimore.
with the authority of the people themselves, acting
in bearing arms to put down this rebellion. I Sir, that letter of acceptance was as follows: law of the land, and must, therefore, give moro gen
am not a defender of rebellion in any particular. NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE, July 2, 1864.
eral satisfation and quietudo to the distracted public am against anybody who sceks to overthrow
mind. GENTLEMEN: Yourcommunication ofthe 9th ultimo, By recurring to the principles contained in the
the Government or the Constitution; and while informing me of my nomination for the Vice Presi- resolutions so unanimously adopted by the conven
I was in favor of putting down the rebellion dency of the United States, by the National Uni tion I find that they substantially accord with my when it emanated from the South, I am now toConvention held at Baltimore, and inclosing a copy pubic acts and opinions heretofore made known and of the resolutions adopted by that body, was not re
day in favor of preventing the success and for exp" xsed, and are therefore most cordially indorsed ecived until the 25th ultimo.
and approved; and the nomination having been con- putting down that party which seeks to change,