Obrazy na stronie

Need I speak of the man who went to At- Shellabarger, Sitgreaves, Smith, Spalding, Stevens, had passed bills of the following titles, in which lanta through a field of fire and amid the hail Strouse, Taylor, Francis Thomas, Thornton, Trowbridge, Upson, Van Aernam, Burt Van Horn, Robert

they requested the concurrence of the House. of lead and iron, and who from Atlanta went T. Van Horn, Warner, Elihu B. Washburne, Henry

An act (S. No. 149) for the relief of Daniel to the sea, and? But I need say no more. D. Washburn, Welker, Whaley, James F. Wilson,

His name belongs to Ohio and belongs to the Windom, Winfield, and Wright-116.
NAYS-Messrs. Baker, Coffroth, Denison, Farns-

An act (S. No. 176) for the relief of George nation, and I trust and believe that while the worth, Harris, Higby, Loan, McKee, Mercur, Mor

Henry Preble, a commander in the Navy of name of Grant lives the name of Sherman will rill, and Stephen F. Wilson-11.

the United States; not be forgotten. And when the place now

NOT VOTING-Messrs. Ancona, Delos R. Ashley,
James M. Ashley, Barker. Benjamin, Bergen, Blaine,

An act (S. No. 225) for the relief of the held by General Grant shall be vacated by || Bundy, Culver, Darling, Davis, Dawes, Dumont, Es

Amoskeag Manufacturing Company; his promotion I want the hearts of the Ameri- gleston, Garfield, Goodyear, Grider, Hale, Aaron An act (S. No. 253) to incorporate the First can people to be permitted to speak out what

Harding, Hayes, Hill, llogan, Hooper, Demas Hub-
bard, John H. Hubbard, Edwin N. Hubbell, James M.

Congregational Society of Washington ; and they now feel, and that the name of Sherman Humphrey, Jenckes, Johnson, Jones, Kerr, Marvin,

An act (S. No. 278) for the relief of Captain shall take the place now occupied by that of McClurg, McCullough, McIndoe, Moorhead, Moul- John H. Crowell, quartermaster of the United Grant.

ton, Newell, Nicholson, Pomeroy, Price, Radford, States Army. Mr. DEMING. I now call the previous

Ritter, Shanklin, Sloan, Starr, Stilwell, Taber,

Thayer, John L. Thomas. Trimble, Ward, William The message also announced that the Senquestion.

B. Washburn, Wentworth, Williams, and Wood- ate had concurred in the amendment of the Mr. WHALEY. Will the gentleman yield bridge-56.

House to joint resolution (S. R. No. 80) extendto me for a moment?

So the bill was passed.

ing the time for the completion of the Union Mr. DEMING. It is now late and I cannot During the call of the roll,

Pacific railway, castern division. yield. Mr. ANCONA stated that he had paired

MOUTII OF TIIE MISSISSIPPI 'RIVER. The previous question was seconded and the with Mr. BLAINE. main question ordered ; which was upon agree- The result was announced as above stated.

Mr. ELIOT, by unanimous consent, introing to the amendment proposed by Mr. Stevens. Mr. DEMING moved to reconsider the vote

duced a bill to authorize the construction of The amendment was again read, as follows: just taken; and also moved that the motion to

a ship-channel across the mouth of the MissisProvided, That whenever a vacancy shall occur in reconsider be laid on the table.

sippi river; which was read a first and second the office of lieutenant general, by promotion or The latter motion was agreed to.

time, ordered to be printed, and referred to the otherwise, the vacancy shall not be filled until after

Committee on Commerce.
the death or resignation of Lieutenant General
Winfield Scott; and thereafter there shall be but

CONFISCATION, ETC. one lieutenant general.

Mr. STEVENS. I move that the session of Mr. STEVENS. I call for the yeas and nays

The SPEAKER laid before the House a to-morrow be devoted exclusively to debate, upon the amendment.

message from the President of the United States as in Committee of the Whole on the state of The yeas and nays were ordered. the Union, on the President's message.

in answer to a resolution of the 5th of March The question was taken ; and it was decided The motion was agreed to.

last requesting the names of persons worth in the negative-yeas 50, nays 78, not voting

more than $20,000 to whom special pardons MONTANA.

bave been issued and a statement of the amount 55; as follows: YEAS-Messrs. Alley, Amos, Baker, Baxter, Bea

Mr. SMITH. I move that leave be granted

of property which has been seized as belonging man, Benjamin, Bidwell, Boutwell, Brandegee, Brom- to the Delegate from Montana (Mr. McLain]

to enemies of the Government or as abandoned well, Broomall, Reader W. Clarke, Sidney Clarke, Conkling, Defrees, Dixon, Dodge, Donnelly, Driggs, to have printed as part of the debates some

property returned to those who claimed to be Eliot, Farnsworth, Grinnell, Abner C. Harding, Hart, remarks in regard to the interests of his Ter

the original owners, transmitting reports from Henderson, Highy, Holmes, Hotehkiss, Asahel W. | ritory.

the Secretary of State, the Secretary of the Hubbard, Hulburd. Kelso, George V. Lawrence, Loan, The motion was agreed to.

Treasury, the Secretary of War, and the AttorLongyear, Lynch, McClurg, McKce, Mercur, Miller, Morris, Paine, Perham, Plants, Scofield, Stevens,

[His remarks will be found in the Appendix.]

ney General, together with a copy of the amFrancis Thomas. Van Aernai, Warner, Williams,

nesty proclamation of the 29th of May, 1865, and Stephen F. Wilson-50.


and copies of the warrants issued in cases in NAYS-Messrs. Allison, Ancona, Anderson, Baldwin, Banks, Bingham, Blow, Boyer, Buckland, Chan

Mr. STEVENS, by unanimous consent, in

which special pardons are granted, and the ler, Cobb, Coffroth, Cook, Cullom, Dawson, Delano, troduced a bill relative to the national cur. second, third, and fourth conditions of the warDeming, Denison, Eckley, Eldridge, Farquhar, Ferry, rency; which was read a first and second time, rant prescribing the terms, so far as property is Finck, Glossbrenner, Griswold, Chester_D. Hubbard, James R. Hubbell, James Humphrey, Ingersoll, Juand referred to the Coinmittee on the Judiciary.

concerned, upon which all such pardons are lian, Kasson. Kelley, Ketcham, Kuykendall, Lallin,

granted and accepted; which were ordered to

MARY C. REEVES. Latham, William Lawrence, Le Blond. Marshall, Mar

be printed, and laid upon the table. ston, McRuer, Myers, Niblack, Noell, O'Neill, Orth,

Mr. NOELL, by unanimous consent, intro- Mr. STEVENS moved that twenty thousand Patterson, Phelps, Pike, Samuel J. Ran lall, William II. Randall, Raymond, Alexander H. Rice, John H.

duced a bill for the relief of Mary C. Reeves, extra copies be printed. Rice, Rogers, Rollins, Ross, Rousseau, Sawyer, Shel- administratrix of Albert Reeves, deceased; The motion, under the law, was referred to labarger, Sitgreaves, Sinith, Spalding, Strouse, Tay- which was read a first and second time, and the Committee on Printing. lor, Thornton, Trowbridge, Upson, Burt Van Horn, Robert T. Van llorn, Elihu B. Washburne. Henry D. referred to the Committee of Claims.

STATE DEPARTMENT. Washburn, Welker, Whaley, James F. Wilson, Windom, Winfield, and Wright-78.


The SPEAKER also laid before the House NOT VOTING - Messrs. Delos R. Ashley, James Mr. LAFLIN. The Committee on Printing,

the following concurrent resolution from the M. Ashley, Barker, Bergen, Blaine, Bundy, Culver, Darlins, Davis, Dawes, Dumont, Eggleston, Garfield, to whom was referred a motion for printing

Senate: Goodyear Grirler, Hale, Aaron Harding, Harris, extra copies of the internal revenue bill with

Resolved by the Senate, (the House of RepresentHayes, Hill, Hogan, Hooper, Demas Hubbard, John

atives concurring.) That the standing Committees of H. Ilubbard, Edwin N. Hubbell, James M. Humphrey,

the amendments agreed upon by the Commit- the two llouses on Public Buildings and Grounds be Jenckes, Jobinson, Jones, Kerr, Marvin, McCullough, tee of Ways and Means, have instructed me instructed to inquire and report what further proMcindoe, Moorhead, Morrill, Moulton, Newell. Nich- to state that they have examined the amend- visions, if any, should be made for the accommodaolson, Pomeroy, Price. Radford, Ritter, Schenck,

tion of the State Department. Sbanklin, Sloan, Sturr, Stilwell, Taber, Thayer, John

ments so far as they have been determined L. Thomas, Triinble, Ward, William B. Washburn, upon by the Committee of Ways and Means, On motion of Mr. RICE, of Maine, the resWentworth, and Woodbridge-55.

and have consulted with the chairman of that olution was concurred in. So the amendment was not agreed to. committee; aud the conclusion which they have Mr. RICE, of Maine, moved to reconsider The bill was ordered to be engrossed and read reached is, that as the amendments thus far

the vote by which the resolution was concurred a third time; and being engrossed, it was ac

agreed on are not material in their charac- in; and also moved that the motion to reconcordingly read the third time. ter, it is not advisable to order any extra cop:

sider be laid upon the table. Mr. LE BLOND. Trusting that the vote on

ies at present. The committee, however, will The latter motion was agreed to. the passage of the bill will be unanimous, or be very glad to order the printing of extra

WAGON ROAD IN DAKOTA TERRITORY. nearly so, I call for the yeas and nays.

copies, if there should be made hereafter any The yeasaand nays were ordered. amendments of such a character as to justify submitted the following preamble and resol",

Mr. BURLEIGH by unanimous consent The question was taken; and it was decided the expenditure.

tion; which were read, considered, and agreed in the affirmative-yeas 116, nays 11, not voting

MESSAGE FROM THE SENATE. 56; as follows:

A message from the Senate, by Mr. W. J. Whereas an act of Congress was passed March 3, YEAS-Messrs. Alley, Allison, Ames, Anderson, Baldwin, Banks, Baxter, Beaman, Bidwell, BingMcDonald, its Chief Clerk, announced that the 1865, entitled "An act to provide for the construction

of certain wagon roads in the Territories of Idaho, ham, Blow, Boutwell, Boyer, Brandegee, Bromwell, Senate had passed without amendment bills Montana. Dakota, and Nebraska;" and whereas by Broomall, Buckland, Chanler, Reader W. Clarke, and joint resolution of the following titles: said act the sum of $20,000 was appropriated for the Sidney Clarke, Cobb, Conkling, Cook, Cullom, Daw

construction of a wagon road from a point at or near eon, Defrees, Delano, Deming, Dixon, Dodge, Don

An act (H. R. No. 214) for the relief of

the mouth of the Big Sioux river, via Yancton, nolly, Driggs, Eckley, Eldridge, Eliot, Farquhar, Colonel R. E. Bryant;

Dakota Territory, to a point at or near the mouth of Ferry, Finck, Glossbrenner, Grinnell, Griswold, Ab- An act (H. R. No. 347) for the relief of R. the Big Cheyenne river, thence up said river to its ner C. Ilarding, Hart, Henderson, Holmes, Hotchkiss, L. B. Clarke;

main fcrk, thenco up the north fork to a point of Asahel W. Hubbard, Chester D. Hubbard, James R.

intersection with the road from Niobrara; and Hubbell, Hulburd, James Humphrey, Ingersoll, Ju

An act (No. 473) to extend the jurisdiction whereas the work on said wagon road is reported to lian, Kasson, Kelley, Kelso, Ketcham, Kuykendall, of the Court of Claims; and

have been commenced and far advanced in 1865, by Lallin, Latham, George V. Lawrence, William Law

orders from the Secretary of the Interior, during the

A joint resolution (H. R. No. 107) for the rence, Le Blond, Longyear, Lynch, Marshall, Marston, McRuer, Miller, Morris, Myers, Niblack, Noell, relief of Rev. Harrison Heermance, late chap

prosecution of which work treaties are claimed to

have been made with the Indian tribes occupying O'Neill. Orth, Paine, Patterson, Perham, Phelps, Pike, lain of the one hundred and twenty-eighth

the country through which said road is located, by Piauts, Samuel J. Randall, William H. Randall,

which the right of way was secured to the United Raymond. Alexander H. Rice, John H. Rice, Rogers, regiment New York volunteers.

States; and whereas the Secretary of the Interior is Rollins, Ross, Rousseau, Sawyer, Schenek, Scofield, The message also announced that the Senate

represented to have ordered a suspension of work



upon said Cheyenne road, and required the superin- Mr. PHELPS. Mr. Speaker, on the 1st of we should grope and clutch vaguely at the obtendent having charge of the construction of the

May, 1865, the Union Army numbered one mil- jects around us, that we should be tormented same to turn over all the stock, implements, and money appropriated and purchased for the said road lion five hundred and sixteen men. After a strug- with panic fears and haunted with hideous to the superintendent of the Niobrara road, whereby gle, unprecedented in ancient or in modern his. dreams of the dark prison-house. It is, there. the opening and construction of the Cheyenne road

tory, the purpose for which that vast power had | fore, by no means strange to me. but quite are prevented, to the great injury of the Territory of Dakota: Tucrefore,

been called forth was accomplished. Four years | natural, that many well-meaning but purblind Resolved. That the Secretary of the Interior be of civil war between people of the same race, of patriots should still afflict themselves and society requested to inform this House whethe the work on thesiid road has been arrested or interrupted by his

the highest type of modern civilization, and of with their panic dread of rebellion; should preorders, and if so, for what reason the saine has been equal intelligence, courage, and determination, dict the revival or even affirm the actual pres done; whetherany of the moneys appropriated thereto had been waged upon a theater of continental ent existence of slavery; should start at every have been diverted to the uses of the Niobrara or any other road mentioned in said act, with the authority,

proportions, had employed in its prosecution || sound, and stampede at every shadow; should if any in that casc, for said diversion.

the most finished and destructive enginery, had see walking by moonlight the ghost of slavery, LOST DISCHARGES OF SOLDIERS.

in its terrific battles and daily skirmishes cost and behind every bush a "red-handed rebel, Mr. FERRY, by unanimous consent, sub

this generation over half a million lives, and || should rend the air with clamors for protection

had entailed upon the nation a debt of three against this imaginary monster, and makc both mitted the following preamble and resolution ;

thousand and upon the insurgent section a loss day and night hideous with their jargon of guarwhich were read, considered, and agreed to:

of seven thousand million dollars. But remark- antees, conditions, and constitutional amend. Whereas in view of the vast number of military discharges now in the hands of soldiers of the United able as was this contest in all the elements of

ments. Nor is it at all surprising that these same States liable to be, as many already have been, lost material grandeur, it was still more memorable || purblind patriots, in their blundering frenzy, beyond replacement, thereby subjecting the losers to for the importance of the issue involved, and should strike by mistake their best friends, great expense and inconvenience in verifying rights to which tbcy are entitled: Therefore,

the extraordinary precision with which it was should attack the Secretary of State, should Be il resolved. That the Committee on Invalid Pen- defined. Slavery, struggling for perpetuity, ex- denounce and threaten the President, and insions be, and are hereby, instructed to consider the

pansion, and power, struck at the existence of volve in the same censure the sacred memory justice and propriety of providing by law for such county or other local registration of soldiers' dis

the Government, which, in the growth and of his lamented predecessor. charges as shall provide against losses of originals, progress of ideas necessarily came to stand in Sir, who is Secretary Seward, that he should and which shall be sufficient cvidence in all cases to its path, arrest its advance, and menace its be hawked at and torn, not now by the knife of entitle the parties in interest to all the benefits thereof, and that the committeo be authorized to report by

security. Slavery was the cause, and the only the traitor assassin striking slavery's last blow bill or otherwise. cause, of the rebellion. The idea of secession

at its greatest human antagonist, but this time VENTILATION OF THE HALLS OP CONGRESS. would never have been practically adopted, || by the loud and blatant champions of loyalty? Mr. RICE, of Maine, by unanimous consent,

certainly never enforced by arms, but in de- I remember him well, with his higher law' and submitted the following resolution; which was

fense of that institution. Hence the war policy | his "irrepressible conflict,” the scarred and read, considered, and agreed to:

of the Government necessarily became anti- reënlisted veteran in this great war of liberty; Resolved. That the Secretary of the Interior be

slavery. Hence, in the fullness of time, came and I recollect him as he stood in the Senate directed to communicate to this House the report the proclamation of emancipation, the organi. many years ago, when men who now revile him made to him by Thomas U. Walter, late architect of zation and arming of liberated slaves, the im- as recreant and denounce him as a rebel symthe Capitol extension, on the warming and ventilation of the two Houses of Congress, with the reports

mediate and uncompensated abolition of slav- pathizer, then scoffed at him as an abolition of Professor Joseph Henry and Dr. Charles M. Weth- cry within her limits by the State of Maryland | fanatic, as he stood at the head of a corporal's erill accompanying the same.

-an offering voluntarily made by that loyal || guard gallantly attacking slavery in its strong. And then, on motion of Mr. WASHBURNE, State, as her contribution to the common cause hold. Sir, it may be said of him that while of Illinois, (at four o'clock and thirty minutes in furtherance of the general policy settled upon Phillips and Garrison and the other humbugs p. m.,) the House adjourned.

as the only one to suppress the rebellion-and of both sexes were fighting valiantly in the rear,

following that, the passage by Congress by a William H. Seward was at the front, leading PETITIONS, ETC.

two thirds majority of the proposition to be sub- not the advanced guard, but the skirmish The following petitions, &c., were presented under mitted to the several States to abolish slavery | line of freedom right up to the breastworks. the rulo nud referred to the appropriate commit throughout the country forever by constitu- With Henry Ward Beecher, he has devoted all

By Mr. ALLISON: The petition of R. W. Tirrell, tional amendment. and 500 others, citizens of Manchester, Iowa, for a law

the best years of his life to the destruction of to regulate inter-State insurances.

The policy thus adopted and persevered in human slavery. He struck at it whenever it By Mr. DRIGGS: The petition of Hill Gamble, and by the Government ultimately forced a sim- lifted one of its hydra heads; he has put the 34 others, of East Saginaw, Michigan, asking for the equilization of bounties.

ilar policy of emancipation and enlistment | searing iron, hissing hot, to the last of them; By Mr. ECKLEY: The petition of E. M. Jenkins, of slaves upon the consideration of the rebel he felt anxiously and skillfully for the last and 110 others, wool-growers of llammondsville, Jef- authorities. The instant the confederate gov- || pulsation of the dying monsters heart; he has ferson county, Ohio, ior an additional duty on foreign wool.

ernment found itself reduced to that dilemma | pronounced it dead, and he who feared it not

the scales fell from all eyes. No sooner was when living and terrible is not scared at its HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. it discovered that the thinned ranks of the carrion.

He belongs to a more vigorous and SATURDAY, May 5, 1866.

rebel army, exhausted by four bloody years of a more practical school of statesmen. He The House met at twelve o'clock m. Prayer | fresh columns that poured down with endless

incessant combat, and required to face the takes this view of the case, and all sensible by the Chaplain, Rev. C. B. Boynton.

men of firm nerves, clear eye-sight, and good The Journal of yesterday was read and

tramp from the North, could only be recruited digestion, agree with him, or soon will. The

from among those very slaves, to rivet whose South was formerly possessed of the devil, in the approved. The SPEAKER. In accordance with the

fetters that army was in fact fighting, than scripture sense, and dwelt among the tombs. the whole fabric tumbled into ruin.

While this unclean spirit was present, there was order of the House no business is in order to

the slaves was of course to free them, and to day except debate on the President's message,

much foaming and gnashing. It was finally upon which the gentleman from Ohio, [Nr.

free the slaves to fight the battles of slavery exorcised, and as it came rending its way from Bundy,] is entitled to the floor.

was simply a reductio ad absurdum and a out its tormented and bleeding victim, it howled ghastly farce.

out its name, not as legion, but slavery. It NATIONAL SAFE DEPOSIT COMPANY.

In the providence of God, it seems neces- became incarnate in the person of Booth, and Mr. WARNER. I desire to enter a motion sary that this most cruel of wars should have astonished and appalled mankind by the suto reconsider the vote by which House bill No. been fought to the bitter end upon the “ line'' preme horror and last convulsion of demoniac 338, to incorporate the National Safe Deposit which has been indicated: first, to secure from madness, before it died the death of a dog. Company, of Washington, was laid on the table. the South the complete, irrevocable, and final Now, there are those who would scourge

The SPEAKER. The motion will be entered || surrender of slavery; second, to remove all and manacle and cuff and curse the rescued, on the Journal.

occasion for hindering the immediate pacifica- | regenerated, and emancipated South, even ENROLLED JOINT RESOLUTION SIGNED.

tion of the country by a desultory guerrilla | before her wounds are stanched from this Mr. TROWBRIDGE, from the Committee

warfare, so much feared and predicted; and | frightful, this worse than Cesarean operation, on Enrolled Bills, reported that the committee

third, to obviate all danger, and thus to ex- Beeclier and Seward are of a different school had examined and found truly enrolled a joint | fear of a possible future rebellion in the inter- || possessed of the unclean spirit and gnashing

tinguish in every candid mind all reasonable of philanthropists. They see the one but lately resolution (S. R. No. 80) to extend the time

est of the defeated insurgents. for the completion of the Union Pacific rail

among the tombs, now sitting, clothed, and in road, castern division; when the Speaker signed

This generation cannot fully appreciate, but his right mind. They do not look for uniform the same.

history will recognize the great fact of the abo- | amiability, nor do they require the patient

lition of the institution of human slavery. It || immediately, and while smarting with pain, to RECONSTRUCTION.

is too sudden, too violent, and too vast to be express profound satisfaction and intense Mr. BUNDY. It was my intention to ad- fully comprehended to-day. Not the least delight with the process, nor unfeigned perdress the House to-day extemporaneously, but among the many great evils of this system was sonal love and gratitude toward those who perI am entirely too unwell to proceed. I there. the specific influenceit produced over the moral formed it. On the contrary, it is fair to prefore ask to be allowed to print some remarks, sense, dwarfing and contracting the consciences sume that those men of honor would abandon in which I will embody the substance of what of men to its narrow standard, just as darkness the unhappy victim to the tormentors should I would have snid.

contracts the physical eye. Bursting suddenly i it exhibit so craven a spirit and so contemptil'ho SPEAKER. The Chair hears no and with great noise and fury into the bright || ble a hypocrisy. Nor is it deemed indispenobjection, and leave is granted.

air of freedom, what wonder that we should sably necessary that men, otherwise loyal, [His remarks will be found in the Appendix.] still see with dazzled and bewildered vision, that I should profess now to hold the doctrines which

To arm


they have endeavored to maintain by the sword claims, with equal candor, “so as to secure per- is a process which, if put in operation npon & as false and heretical ab initio. For forty || petual ascendency to the party of the Union," community whose loyalty was immaculate, years and more they have been educated to or, as he otherwise phrases it, to "continue the would speedily convert it into a community believe the false and dangerous heresy which Republican ascendency.”

of rebels. Why, sir, I believe that the spirbore them the bitter fruits they reaped from

“Two things are of vital importance"

ited people of my own native State of Vermont, the attempt at rebellion. It would be unreasonable to require, as it would be impossible from Pennsylvania, (Mr. Stevens]

teased by so tormenting a tyranny, would in I am quoting the distinguished gentleman

dignantly revolt and turn upon


oppress to expect, that these people should all of a

ors at every hazard and against all odds. If sudden sincerely and honestly believe that the

"so to çstablish a principle that none of the rebel
States shall be counted in any of the amendments of

they did not, they would not prove their legit. principle for which they contended was false, the Constitution until they are duly admitted into the

imate descent from those gallant men of 1781, because those who professed it have been routed family of States by thelaw-making power of their con- upon whom Ethan Allen relied in his demand upon the field. What we require and have a

queror. For more than six months the amendment
of the Constitution abolishing slavery has been rati-

on behalf of the self-constituted State of Verright to require of them is that they abandon fied by the Legislatures of three fourths of the States mont for her immediate admission into the that doctrine as a principle of action for the that acted on its passage by Congress, and which had Union and representation in the Continental future. We have lost too many of our people

Legislaturce, or which were States capable of acting,
or required to act, on the question.

Congress. in this war, we have shed too much blood and

"I take no account of the aggregation of white- ** He declared to that body that no person could lost too much property and spent too much washed rebels who without any legal authority have dispute his attachment to and sufferings in the causo

assembled in the capitals of thclate rebel States and of his country; but he did not hesitate to assert that money to be altogether indifferent about the simulated legislative bodies."

Vermont had an indubitable right to agree on terms legitimate fruits of our dearly bought victory.

of cessation of hostilities with Great Britain, proWe fought for Union, for the integrity, the

The reference is to the Legislatures elected vided the United States persist in rejecting her appli

in the several States by virtue originally of cation for a union with the States. Vermont, of all immortality of our Government, and by the

people, would be the most miserable were she obliged help of God we have conquered.' We owe it proclamations emanating from provisional govto ourselves and to posterity to assure the one ernors appointed by the President; all the

to defend the independence of the United States, and

they at the same time at full liberty to overthrow and and the other against danger in the future.

electors and members being required to take ruin the independence of Vermont. I am persuaded, We therefore demand a searching, adequate, the prescribed amnesty oath of allegiance to

when Congress consider the circumstances of this

State, they will not be more surprised that I havo and irreversible guarantee of future practical the Government, and acquiescence in martial

transmitted these letters (letters from British emissaloyalty. That demand is the sum and sub. || emancipation.

ries containing treasonable overtures) than that I stance of the Administration policy, which it

To proceed:

have kept them in custody : for I am as resolutely

determined to defend the independence of Vermont has lately become the fashion to scoff at.

"Nordo I regard with any respect the cunning by- as Congress are that of the United States, and rather

than submit will retire with the hardy Green mountHere is the policy?' in the exact language | play with which they deluded the Secretary of State

by frequent telegraphic announcements that 'South ain boys into the desolate caverns of the mountains of President Johnson. I quote from his annual Carolina had adopted the amendment:''Alabama has and wage war with human nature at large."-losmessage to Congress, of the 4th December, adopted the amendment, being the twenty-seventh kins's Ilistory of Vermon, page 102,

State,' &c. This was intended to delude the people, 1865, a state paper that for clearness, terseness, and accustom Congress to hear repeated the names

Such was the resolute and defiant attitude cogency, and elegance has never been sur- of these extinct States as if they were alive, when,

maintained by the infant State of Vermont, depassed, and that for broad and catholic states

in truth, they have now no more existence than the manding of Congress admission into the Union

revolted cities of Latium, two thirds of whose peomanship and heroic intrepidity has taken the ple were colonized and their property confiscated and

as a right, although her independence had world by surprise:

their right of citizenship withdrawn by conquering never been recognized nor her sovereignty * It is not too much to ask, in the name of the and avenging Rome.”

established; and even her boundaries were diswhole people, that on the one side the plan of resto- Here we have outlined with the freedom and puted and her territory claimed by the neighration shall proceed in conformity with a willingness to cast the disorders of the past into oblivion; and

boldness of a master hạnd the framework of boring States. And yet the memory of the that on the other the evidence of sincerity in the a plan which was at a very early day of the bold Ethan Allen is to-day as much revered future maintenance of the Union shall be put beyond

session (December 18) proposed for the con- for that spirited and emphatic declaration to any doubt by the ratification of the proposed amendment to the Constitution, which provides for the

sideration and adoption of Congress. This Congress as for his famous reply to the British abolition of slavery forever within the limits of our plan had for its basis the theory of "defunct," commander of Ticonderoga, asking by what

? dead," or "extinct States," or if that were authority he demanded its surrender: *I de. "The adoption of the amendment reunites us beyond all power of disruption. It heals the wound adjudged impossible or absurd, then they were mand it in the name of the Great Jehovah and that is still imperfectly closed; it removes slavery, to be called States out of the Union and now the Continental Congress!” the element which has so long perplexed and divided

conquered Territories.'' In either case, that the country; it makes of us once more a united peo

The congressional treatment of the eleven ple, renewed and strengthened, bound more than

is, whether on the one hand they are not out States lately in insurrection, according to the over to mutual affection and support."

of the Union but only dead carcasses lying plan of the gentleman from Pennsylvania, is And again:

within the Union," or whether on the other so well adapted to provoke continued hostility As no State can throw a defense over the crime of hand they are and for four years have been

to the Government and goad a maddened poptreason, the power of pardon is exclusively vested in out of the Union for all legal purposes''-in ulation into imbecile and desperate resistance the executive government of the United States. In exercising that power I have taken every precaution

either of these hypotheses the logical sequence that the extreme resort of confiscation which to connect it with the clearest recognition of the resulted that “being now conquered they are

would then be justified has already been anticibinding force of the laws of the United States, and

subject to the absolute disposal of Congress." pated by an elaborate calculation. Four thouan unqualified acknowledgment of the great social change of condition in regard to slavery which has

This programme then goes on to dispose of sand million dollars are to be raised by sale grown out of the war.' them as subjugated foreign provinces, to man

of lands and such other property as can be The same plan of restoration was embodied acle their outlawed people, and hold them in

found. by President Lincoln in his famous proclama- || definitely as the mere slaves of Congress; to

Four billions of money, mark you, to be tion of July 18, 1864:

force them tơ mingle with those to whom Con- raised out of a country blasted by a devastating To rohom it may concern :

Any proposition which embraces the restoration in that condition, excluded from representa- rebel sequestration, their whole slave property of peace, the integrity of the whole Union, and the tion, though subject to taxation, governed and and their entire circulating medium annibiabandopment of slavery, be received and considered by the executive govern

disciplined by imported agents and commis- || lated; a people at this moment, many of them, ment of the United States, and will be met by liberal sioners, dragooned, court-martialed, and plun- | begging their victuals and clothes of the North í terms on other substantial and collateral points. dered, they are to be kept " for some years"

This programme of dissolution and reconTo secure the definite, unequivocal, and ir- "to eat the fruit of foul rebellion.'' Should struction is of course incomplete without a revocable surrender of slavery, the one only this training fail to develop a spirit of earnest series of amendments to the Constitution, all cause of rebellion, the one solitary root of and sincere loyalty; should the advantages of

of which are to be consummated " before the disloyalty, to secure it by the voluntary sur- this school, in which with exquisite and inim- || defunct States are admitted to be capable of render of the insurgents themselves, and to itable humorit is declared that they are to learn State action." secure it by their legislative ratification of the the principles of freedom," practice justice to They ought

never to be recognized as capable or constitutional amendment, acting upon it as all men," and "accustom themselves to make

acting in the Union or of being counted as valid

States until the Constitution shall have been so States; as States of and States in the Union; || and to obey equal laws' appear to have been amended as to make it what its framers intended, as States of and in the Union under the Con- thrown away upon ingrates unable to appre- and so as to secure perpetual ascendency to the party stitution; not only so, but as States of the Union ciate and unwilling to profit by them, does the

of the Union," &c. above the Constitution by actually exercising | programme on that account fail? Not at all. The first of these amendments is to change the supreme State prerogative of amendment, It has but just begun to succeed. The remedy the basis of representation from Federal numby, in fact, sharing the State omnipotence of for obstinate disloyalty is at hand. Perma- bers to actual voters. The others are to allow organic creation; this, then, was the aim and nent, incurable disaffection may read its fate Congress to lay a duty on exports, to make all end of the Administration policy, this was the very plainly in that of “the revolted cities of laws uniform, to prohibit the assumption of practical restoration of the Union.

Latium, two thirds of whose people were colo- the rebel debt, and lastly, to extend the right Contrasts are sometimes more useful for nized and their property confiscated and their of suffrage to the emancipated blacks, although purposes of illustration than analogies. The right of citizenship withdrawn by conquering | upon this point there seems to be some doubt stars are not visible until the blackness of night and avenging Rome.”

as to whether the result may not be reached devours the light of day. With this view let As a speculation upon disloyalty, this policy || by direct congressional action. In either case, us hear the bold and outspoken leader of the could not possibly be improved." If general | whether by constitutional amendment or by House, speaking, as he frankly admits, npon confiscation of property, under pretext, is what | legislation, universal negro suffrage must be his own responsibility; but speaking, as he ll is wanted, no surer road to it can be found. It ll enforced as well to continue the Republican


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ascendency?' as because "without the right dead weight of public opinion. It is signifi- then in rebellion by name. Thus Virginia is of suffrage in the late slave States the slaves cant, however, of the fate in store for eleven recognized as still a State within the Union: had far better been left in bondage."

States, under the false doctrine that by at- “To the State of Virginia, $937,530.667." And As an earnest of the enforcement of this tempted secession they have consummated the 80 with North Carolina, South Carolina, and all policy, and as a pledge of the principle on dissolution of the Union, and by the failure of the eleven. Each is taxed by na ne, and each which this Congress would legislate for Terri- their insurrection, the surrender of their insur- is named as a State, as in the case of the loyal tories over which it claimed jurisdiction, the gent armies, and full and complete submission States. action of this House, at a very early period of to the authority of the Government and obedi. The act of Congress of March 4, 1862, under the session, may be cited.

ence to its laws, have done no more nor less which the present House of Representatives A bill passed the House in January estab- than lapse into the condition of conquered was chosen, recognizes the right of these States lisling universal negro suffrage in the District territories, subject to the absolute disposal of to representation, in terms. of Columbia. This was done by a valid exer- Congress.

Thus we have the great fact that these States cise of power, Congress having by the Consti- I do not propose to review in detail the ar- were living States, States of this Union, States tution exclusive legislation over this District in guments or to discuss the authorities by which subject to taxation and entitled to representaall cases.

It was done, however, in direct vio. this doctrine has been maintained. I have tion, conclusively settled by Congress itself, and lation of the wishes of the people of the Dis- been surprised, upon a question of sich mo- settled at the very time when the people of trict, and against the almost unanimous protest ment, at a crisis in our country's history of those States were actually in flagrant insurrecof the legal and qualified voters. It was not such transcendent gravity, to encounter a line | tion. If doubt should still exist as to the true called for by the public sentiment of the coun- of reasoning so utterly fallacious. The pivot || intent and meaning of these acts let Congress try. Since the breaking out of the rebellion, of the whole argument is the concession of bel- be its own interpreter. The record here is faNew York, Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, and ligerent rights. Humanity required an observ. miliar but cannot be too often repeated. It is Connecticut had been asked to enfranchise the ance of those restraints and courtesies which one of the great landmarks in this controversy few colored men within their limits. They all are due to an enemy by the law of nations. and should always be kept in sight. In July, refused. In the State of New York it assumed Cartels for the exchange of prisoners, and flags | 1861, a resolution was adopted by such large the form of a proposition to permit negro suf- of truce to bury the dead, are therefore pointed | majorities in both Houses of Congress as frage without a property qualification. In 1860 to as the evidences of a state of war between amounted virtually to unanimity, declaring: such a proposition had been defeated by-yeas independent foreign nations. That is what this "That this war is not prosecuted upon our part in 197,503, nays 337,984. In 1864, after the pre- argument amounts to, and nothing more. I any spirit of oppression, nor for any purpose of consumed advance of public sentiment upon this was still more astonished to find the narrow

quest or subjugation, nor purpose of overthrowing

or interfering with the rights or established instituquestion, a like proposition was defeated by- || technical doctrine of estoppel drawn from its tions of those States, but to defend and maintain the yeas 85,406, nays 224,336. In August, 1862, proper sphere in the county court to reënforce supremacy of the Constitution and all laws made in a vote was had in the State of Illinois on sey- this feeble logic. South Carolina must be held

pursuance thereof, and to preserve the Union with all

the dignity, equality, and rights of the several States eral propositions relating to negroes and mulat- to be out of the Union because her convention unimpaired; that as soon as these objects are accomtoes, with this result:

and Legislature roundly affirmed that she was plished the war ought to cease.' For excluding them from the State... .171.893 in so many words. Notwithstanding the Gov. The principle thus emphatically pronounced Against ........

71.306 ernment took issue with South Carolina upon by Congress and the Executive was the com

that identical proposition, denying that she 100,587

mon sentiment and universal understanding of was out of the Union in law, and in fact mak: the whole country throughout the entire period Against granting them suffrage or the right to hold

ing good that denial by wager of battle, still of the rebellion. It was affirmed by State Leollice..


South Carolina, under this doctrine of estoppel, gislatures; it was announced in party platforms; For................

35,619 must be held to have succeeded from the very it was enforced everywhere by loyal speak 176,271

fact of failure, and the Government to have ers and the loyal press. It was significantly failed from the very fact of success.

recognized by the Union national convention For the enactment of laws to prohibit them from Sir, we have had a war for union, not for which admitted the delegations from Tennessee, going to or voting in the State.....

.198,938 disunion. We have fought, not to consum- Arkansas, and Louisiana, upon an equal footAgainst....


mate secession, but to prevent it. We were ing with the other States, following in this 154,524 called forth, and we went forth, to put down respect the example of Congress, and presented

treason, to enforce the laws, to crush out rebel- the name of Andrew Johnson, of Tennessee, As late as the autumn of 1865 the people || lion, to maintain the Government, and to save to the suffrages of the American people as the of Connecticut refused by over six thousand the Union. With our martyred leader we first Union candidate for Vice President of the Uni-* majority to enfranchise the handful of colored tried to save the Union with slavery and we ted States. It was triumphantly sustained at men residing among them. An effort was failed. We then tried to save it without sla- the ballot-box by the nation at large. And made in the Thirty-Eighth Congress to incor- very and we succeeded. We did not fight to it is the same Andrew Johnson, of Tennessee, porate the feature of negro suffrage in the bill secure the ascendency of a party, or to keep | who is to day laboring to apply that same printo provide a temporary government for the any man or set of men in office, but we fought | ciple, in perfect harmony and consistency with Territory of Montana. It failed; and among for our country, for its Constitution, and its his own record and with the known wishes of those who voted persistently against negro suf: flag.

the lamented Lincoln, surrounded and supfrage in this new Territory, where there were It was on this principle that the great con- ported by a Cabinet of Lincoln's selection. perhaps no negroes at all, are the names of the

test began, and it was on this principle, held The evidence of the recognition of these States entire Maryland delegation, consisting at that steadily in view by every department of the as States in the Union, by force of the combined time (1864) of Messrs. Creswell, Henry Winter Government that it was prosecuted to a success- authority of both Congress and the Executive, Davis, Harris, Thomas, and Webster.

ful issue. These principles were clearly set forth culminates in their ratification of the great conAfter so many and such decided manifesta- by President Lincoln in his various proclama- stitutional amendment as declared by the offitions of public opinion, showing unmistakably tions and messages, letters and speeches. In cial certificate of the Secretary of State. That that the people of this country are intiexibly his first inaugural. March 4, 1861, he laid down certificate was officially published on the 18th opposed to a general and proiniscuous inter- the correct doctrine, from which, to the day of of December, 1865, in pursuance of an act of mingling with negroes at the polls and in his death, he never departed :

Congress. (April 20, 1818.) providing that when public office, it was scarcely to be expected " It follows that no State upon its own mere mo- the State Department shall have been officially that the repudiated doctrine should be forced tion can lawfully get out of the Union; that resolves notified that any proposed amendment to the pon the protesting population of this District.

and ordinances to hat effect are legally void; and
that acts of violence within any State or States

Constitution had been adopted according to Whatever reasons may be urged in support of against the authority of the United States are insur- the provisions of that instrumentuniversal suffrage in general, they all fail in rectionary or revolutionary, according to circum- "It shall be the duty of the Secretary of State, the case of a inunicipal corporation. There

stances. I consider, therefore, that in view of the
Constitution and laws, the Union is unbroken, and

forth with, to cause the said amendment to be pubare no people or interests within the limits of


specifying the States to the extent of my ability I shall take care, as the the District of Columbia of any importance Constitution itself expressly enjoins upon me, that

by which the same may have been adopted, and that

the same has become valid." that are not included within the corporate

the laws of the Union be faithfully executed in all
the States."

After reciting the amendment, the certificate franchises of the cities of Washington and Georgetown. There is no voting done in the

The executive department, speaking through of the Secretary of State proceeds as follows: District except for the municipal officers of the Secretary of State, explicitly declared that

"And whereas it appears from official documents on

file in this Department that the amendment to the the two corporations.

"The Congress of the United States furnishes a Constitution of the United States, proposed as afore

constitutional forum fordebate between the alienated said, has been ratified by the Legislatures of the States It was therefore unfortunate that the political parties. Senators and Representatives from the loya) of Illinois, Rhode Island, Michigan. Maryland, New experiment of universal negro suffrage should portion of the people are thus already fully empow- York, West Virginia. Maine, Kansas, Massachusetts, first be applied to a city corporation, in which

ered to confer; and seats also are vacant and invit- Pennsylvania, Virginia, Ohio, Missouri, Nevada, Inthe horde of voters thus manufactured were,

ing Senators and Representatives froin the discon- diana, Louisiana, Minnesota, Wisconsin. Vermont,

tented party who may be constitutionally sent there Tennessee, Arkansas, Connecticut. New Hampshire, with scarcely an exception, without a particle from the States involved in the insurrection."

South Carolina, Alabama, North Carolina, and Georof interest in the body whose franchises they To the same principle Congress also is com

gia. in all twenty-seven Ştates; and whereas the were made to share, and whose funds they

whole nunber of States in the United States is thirtymitted by its acts and resolutions. The act of

six; and whereas the before specially named States were assigned to control. Up to this time August, 1861, laying a direct tax of $20,000,000 whose Legislatures have ratified the said proposed the rash feat of legislation remains a failure upon the United States, apportions that sum

amendment constitute three fourths of the whole under the silent veto of the Senate and the Il among the several States, including all the States

number of States in the United States:
"Now, therefore, be it known that I, William H.


Seward, Secretary of State, by virtue and in pursu- be kept from ruling the country they strove to measure, and in time of rebellion is almost az ance of the second section of the act of Congress ruin. 6 Loyal men must govern a preserved necessary a means of defense as an army. It approved the 20th of April, 1818, entitled 'An act to provide for the publication of the laws of the United republic.” That is my belief. That exigency is altogether unsuited to a condition of peace, States, and for other purposes,' do hereby certify that also has been foreseen and provided for. You and, in fact, there can be no real peace in any the amendment aforesaid has become valid to all

have a test oath searching and stringent enough intents and purposes as a part of the Constitution of

community where such a proscriptive policy is the United States."

to satisfy the most exacting. Under it no traitor || long persisted in. It is unfortunately true that

can enter Congress or hold a Federal office. I in most of these States the mass of the popula. Thus, by the joint authority of both Congress ask you now to administer that oath to Maynardtion “adhered to the late insurrection, giv. and the Executive, eight States that are claimed

and Stokes and Cooper, and to other brave and ing it aid and comfort." Whether "volunto be out of the Union, or dead States within

loyal Representatives from Tennessee. I ask tarily'' or not would be, in the majority of cases, the Union, from their participation iu a rebel- for the immediate and unconditional admis- a nice question of casuistry. After the trilion for slavery, are finally and conclusively

sion of the Tennessee delegation on the floor umphant suppression of a revolt it is not wise recognized as constitutional States of the Union

of this House upon an equal footing with those for the highest of all purposes. It is a fortu

or statesmanlike to go back for a minute inof us who come from other loyal States. It is quisition into past offenses and canvass calmly nate and auspicious circumstance that the high

too late to argue the claims of that State. The and leisurely the by-gone effervescences of est proof that could be offered of their legal whole country knows them by heart. During. || fierce excitement. ** Let the dead past bury and constitutional status is connected with

a great portion of the war Tennessee was act- its dead." There are doubtless at the South the strongest guarantee that could be given of

ually represented in Congress; in this House inveterate, malignant, bitter, revengeful rebels. their repentance for the past and their loyalty

by Maynard, in the Senate by Andrew Johnson, There are men there who, if tried for treason, in the future.

the seraph Abdiel of the great rebellion : lawfully convicted, and sentenced to be hung, I use the word "repentance" designedly,

"Faithful found

could not succeed in getting even my signature True repentance consists not in loud-mouthed

Among the faithless, faithful only he:

to an application for executive clemency. Such professions. It consists in " bringing forth Among innumerable false, unmoved,

men are a curse to any country. Such men fruits ineet for repentance." How much the Unshaken, unseduced, unterrified,

His loyalty he kept, his love, his zeal."

brought on the rebellion, and such men are South was chastened, humbled, and punished by the stern hand of war, he only can esti.

All the evidence taken by the joint commit

to-day doing the South more harm by their mate who remembers the strange, infatuated tee on reconstruction concurs in the propriety | tions than all the radicals in the country. I

loud-mouthed ranting and offensive demonstrafondness with which her people clung to their

of the prompt admission of her repre: ntapeculiar institution, and who appreciates the

believe such cases to be more numerous in tives to prevent the warm and glowing loyalty vast amount of wealth represented by it. It must of her people from being chilled, as the loyalty | Maryland and the other border States than in not be forgotten by those whose clamors for the of any people would be, by a persistent and

the confederacy itself. I believe such cases to

be less numerous in the late rebel army than in punishment of traitors grow incessantly louder contemptuous ostracism. as the danger from treason grows less, that

General Fisk, the commissioner of the Freed

the great army of sympathizers,'' marching

like Noah's animals into the ark, male and in addition to the loss of the flower of the men's Bureau for Tennessee and Kentucky, southern manhood in battle; in addition to headquarters at Nashville, Tennessee, testifies

female. On that side, as on ours, there is a

class whom General Sherman's description the utter annihilation of the entire circulating as follows:

was made to fit, “A class who shun the march medium in the pockets of these people and “Tennessee abolished slavery by her own action; and the fight, and are loudest, bravest, and of the invested wealth in their safes; in addi- she elected a Governor by the people; she repudition to the wide-spread devastation and ruin ated the rebel debt; she ratificd the copstitutional

fiercest when danger is past.”. Such men. amendment abolishing slavery, and did all that with- though few in number and contemptible in of a desolating war, the crowning punishment out executive indication or inauguration, Tennesof confiscation has already been their portion. see furnished thousands for the defense of the Union.

power, attract attention from the noise they All this is to her advantage, and were I a member of

make. One grasshopper makes more noise in Emancipation was punishment to every man the Senate or House of Representatives of Congress a field than a herd of cattle. As a qnestion who owned a slave. I have always believed I would vote most cheerfully to admit the delegation that treason was a crime. Myself, I shrank froin Tennessee, believing that in so doing I would

of propriety, I should like to see such men be taking a step that would increase the loyal senti- suppressed; by disfranchisement if that would from it as from pollution, until the time came

ment of the State, and which would promote the tran- get rid of them. to close with it in a death-grapple. For the quillity and prosperity of the State."

But, unfortunately, no practicable test can leaders of rebellion, those who fired the south

The testimony of General George H. Thomas be found to discriminate such men from others ern heart and precipitated revolution, I have no sympathy, even now, in their disgrace. I

is equally emphatic upon this point ; and, in whom it is not politic nor right to proscribe. have believed that treason ought to be punfact, there is but one opinion among all ac

I refer to men who did go into rebellion, ished, and I believe that it has been punished. quainted with the actual condition of the peo

but who, having taken the amnesty oath, mean If there be those who still thirst for vengeance,

ple of that State. Why not, then, admit the in good faith to keep it." Such men are loyal there may be exceptions, but I believe that they

Tennessee delegation?' Is anything else de- men, and loyal men ought to participate in the manded?

government of the country. Sir, I know men belong principally to that class of patriots who,

Mr. Speaker, I had hoped that the joint

who have done, and are now doing, yeoman in the words of General Sherman, “ shun the committee of fifteen, composed as it is of gen

service in the Union cause who could not liter. fight and the march, and are loudest, bravest, and fiercest when danger is past.

tlemen of character, experience, and ability, i ally swear that they had never “voluntarily

would have given us, as the result of their adhered to the late insurrection, giving it aid In the view which I have taken of the great | protracted labors, some proposition on which

and comfort." Are such men to be now kicked constitutional amendment abolishing slavery, || all loyal men might unite. I did hope in the

out into the limbo of traitors ? God forbid! it appears in a fourfold aspect: beginning that within a week after their organ.

Let us rather take them by the hand and en1. As a surrender of the cause of the war.

ization, at least when Congress reassembled courage them to persevere. Likely as not, 2. As a pledge of sincerity in accepting the in January, they would report in favor of the they will one day get far beyond as in the progresult of the war.

immediate admission of the representatives ress of loyalty, and turn back to reproach us 3. As a guarantee of future loyalty.

of Tennessee. I believe that a majority of the for our want of zeal! No, sir, you will have 4. As a punishment for treason, by confisca

House were prepared to admit those Repre- to abandon this sweeping indiscriminate protion.

sentatives on any day when the question could scription of a whole population, that is, if you Is anything else wanted to pacify the coun- be fairly got before them. Their admission are in earnest when you say “it is expedient try, restore the Union, close up our ranks, and has been delayed, and now, under the opera- that the States lately in insurrection should at march with solid, unbroken front against im- tion of the reconstruction programme recently

the earliest day consistent with the future peace perialism in America and despotism through- || reported from that committee, it appears that

and safety of the Union be restored to full parout the world? Is anything else to be done the State of Tennessee is to be indefinitely | ticipation in all political rights." If you are before confidence can be restored at home, | excluded from the Union. I say indefinitely, not in earnest, but only want an issue to distrade revived, finances strengthened, currency because her admission is made to depend upon turb the minds of the people of the North by settled, and resources developed ?

the ratification by three fourths of the States of telling them from the stump frightful stories The freedmen must be cared for and pro- a series of constitutional amendments, which abont the people of the South to prevent their tected in their rights. I admit the necessity. three fourths of all the States will never rat- participation in the next presidential election, It is already provided for. Under the second ify. It is not enough that Tennessee herself and thus " to secure the Republican ascendsection of the amendment Congress has all ratifies the amendment. That does not entitle ency;' why then keep it in, and let an intellipecessary power over the subject. With the her, by this scheme, to the recognition of Con- gent people decide the issue. learned gentleman from Ohio, (Mr. Bingham, gress. If the real intention had been to en- The first section of the proposed amendment I had constitutional scruples about the civil

courage southern loyalty by discriminating in is as follows: rights bill which I could not overcome even for its favor, the plan would have recognized States No State shall make or enforce any law which the pleasure of reversing a veto. But that bill as they successively wheeled into line upon the

shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens is now a law; it will probably be several years platform.

of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any

person of life, liberty, or property without due probefore it is judicially negatived; in the mean Not only are these States to be excluded cese of law, nor dery to any person within its juristime the freedmen under its operation are until every one of these amendments shall have diction the equal protection of the laws. secure, and the public sentiment around them

become part of the Constitution, but each is By the fifth sectionwill gradually make all special legislation un- required, by the third section of the amend- The Congress shall have power to enforce, by apnecessary.

ment, to disfranchise nearly the whole of its || propriato legislation, the provisions of this article. Is anything else demanded ? “Traitors must Il voting population. Disfranchisement is a war And by the bill accompanying the proposed


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