Obrazy na stronie

establish a new principle in the admission of troubles incident to the Indian depredations | submitted by the joint committee of fifteen. I States into this Union, negativing, so far as I upon the plains, he is aware that last year a have no doubt that the loyal people of Colocould in the enabling acts, the old idea of large portion of the population of the Terri- rado will enfranchise her blacks long before State rights; the other to secure the vote of tory of Colorado left there for the eastern the blacks are enfranchised by the spirits who three more States, in case the election of Pres- States and for other Territories of the West, will control the late rebel States, if the propoident and Vice President in the year 1864 should and that the line of communication was con- sition of the committee becomes law. come to the House of Representatives.

stantly broken, at one time for several weeks, But I do not want to take up the time of the At the time, those enabling acts were passed in consequence of the Indian depredations, só House in the discussion of this question, and it was not thought expedient by the party to that the mails for weeks at a time were not car- therefore demand the previous question. which I belong to prescribe the qualification of ried to all parts of the Territory. Hence the Mr. CHAVES. I ask to present the followelectors in the constitutions of the States which test which the gentleman seeks to introduce is ing amendment: were authorized to be organized and admitted not a fair one. I take it, sir, that the voting SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That said State of into the Union. The people of Colorado, in the population is a better and fairer test; and Colorado shall consist of all the territory included constitution which they formed in pursuance of believe that the number of voters at the last

within the following boundaries, to wit: commencing that enabling act, and which constitution they election in that Territory shows a population

at a point formed by the intersection of the thirty

eighth degree of north latitude with the twenty-fifth rejected, prescribed that none but white per- equal to that of some districts in the eastern degree of longitude west from Washington; extendsons should be electors within the State. The States that now have Representatives in Con

ing thence due west along said thirty-eighth degree

of north latitude to a point formed by its intersection State of Nevada, having accepted the condi- || gress, and we all know that they have a larger

with the thirty-second degree of longitude west froin tions prescribed by Congress, was admitted || voting population than many congressional dis- Washington; thence due north along, said thirtyinto the Union, with a provision in her consti- trict in the southern States.

second degree of west longitude to a point formed by

its intersection with the forty-first degree of north tution precisely like the one now objected to in Mr. ROSS. As the gentleman has visited

latitude; thence due east along said forty-first degreo the constitution of Colorado. At that time the that Territory, I ask him to state what, in his of north latitude to a point formed by its intersection people of Colorado voted against the propo- judgment, is the population of that Territory, with the twenty-fifth degree of longitude west from

Washington; thence due south along said twentysition to become a State.

leaving out those who are merely temporarily fifth degree of west longitude. But last year the people of Colorado of all there for the purpose of mining: parties called upon the several committees rep- Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. Well, Mr. Speaker,

Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. I cannot yield for

that amendment. resenting the State and the anti-State organi. I am not able to state, because I was not in the

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I ask the zations, and also the Democratic organization, southern part of the Territory which is inhabited and asked them to make an independent move by the Mexican population. But I was in all

gentleman to yield to the following amendment:

Provided, That this act shall not take effect until for a State organization. While I was in the the mining districts, and from the best infor

the said State of Colorado shall so amend the constiTerritory they agreed upon a plan for electing | mation which I could obtain, I think the popu- tution thereof as to strike out the word “whito" as a delegates to a constitutional convention. In lation was more than forty thousand. But it

qualification of voting. pursuance of the joint calls of those commit- is constantly increasing. The population of Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. I will let that tees elections were held in that Territory, and Colorado is to-day twice as great as that of the

amendment in and then call for the previous a convention assembled which adopted a con- State of Florida at the time of its admission.

question. stitution in strict compliance with the provis- Its population is greater than that of the State The previous question was seconded and the ions of the enabling act. That constitution of Arkansas when it was admitted, or the State main question ordered. was submitted to the people of Colorado, and of Oregon at the time of its admission.

Mr. LE BLOND demanded the yeas and by them adopted.

Mr. FINCK. Let me suggest to my friend nays on the amendment. Mr. FINCK. Will my colleague yield to that when those States were admitted the ratio The yeas and nays were ordered. me for a question? of representation was much less than at present.

The question was taken; and it was decided Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. Yes, sir.

Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. That is true. But, in the negative-yeas 37, nays 95, not voting Mr. FINCK. I desire to ask my colleague | sir, the number of votes is the best test; and 51; as follows: what was the total number of votes at the elec- if there are on an average as many voters for YEAS-Messrs. Alley, Allison, Ames, Baldwin, tion to which he refers. the State ticket or for members of Congress as

Baxter, Blaine, Boutwell, Brandegee, Broomall,

Dixon, Donnelly, Eliot, Garfield, Grinnell, llotchkiss, Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. According to a are cast in other districts having Represent- Asahel W. Hubbard, Jenckes, Julian, Kasson, Kelpamphlet which I hold in my hand, 7,166 was atives, the gentleman should not interpose that ley, Kelso, Loan, Lynch, McClurg, M Ruer, Morrill, the total vote. objection. I addition to this, we all know how

Paine, Perham. Pike, Alexander H. Rice, John H..

Rice, Stevens, Elihu B. Washburne, Williams, James Mr. FINCK. Can my colleague advise the much faster the mining States and Territories F. Wilson, Windom, and Woodbridge-37. House what is the present population of Colo- increase in population than the agricultural NAYS-Messrs. Ancona, Anderson, Delos R. Ashrado?

States. Colorado furnished three regiments ley, James M. Ashley, Baker: Banks Barker, BeaMr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. I had here a state- for the war, has furnished a large emigration Boyer, Bromwell, Buckland, Bundy, Chanler, Reader ment from the Legislature of Colorado, esti- to Montana, Idaho, and other mining Terri- W. Clarke, Coffroth, Conkling, Cullom, Darling, Dawmating the present population of the Territory tories, and yet her population is steadily and

son, Defrees, Delano, Deming, Denison. Driggs, Du

mont, Eckley, Eldridge, Farquhar, Ferry, Finck, at fifty thousand.

surely increasing, and I do not hesitate to pre- Glossbrenner, Grider, Griswold, Aaron Harding, AbMr. FINCK. Can my colleague refer to any dict that by the census of 1870 she will have a ner C. Harding, Harris, Hart, Henderson, Holmes,

Chester D. Hubbard, James R. Hubbell, James census taken in that Territory? population of two hundred thousand people.

Humphrey, Ingersoll, Ketcham, Kuykendall, Laflin, Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. No, sir, I cannot. So far as population is concerned, however, Latham, George V. Lawrence. Williain Lawrence, LO The total vote at the recent election for Con- Congress having proposed to these people to Blond, Longyear, Marshall, Marston, McCullough, gressman was 7,557. If the gentleman will refer become a State, I think, without violating any

Mercur, Miller, Moorhead, Moulton, Myers. Newell,

O'Neill, Orth, Patterson, Plants, Raymond, Ritter, to the election returns for the eastern or south- great principle, we ought to vote for their ad- Rollins, Ross, Rousseau, Sawyer, Schenck, Shanklin, ern States, he will find that this is a larger num- mission. I desire also to vote for their admis- Shellabarger. Smith, Spalding. Strouse, Taylor, Franber of votes than is cast in several of the Rep- sion because I believe in the principle of organ

cis Thomas, John L. Thomas, Thornton, Trowbridge,

Upson, Burt Van Horn, Robert T. Van Horn, Warner, resentative districts in a number of the southern izing State governments at the earliest day prac- Henry D. Washburn, Welktr, Whaley, Winfield, and States. It is a larger vote than that cast in ticable in every one of the Territories.


NOT VOTING-Messrs. Sidney Clarke, Cobb, Cook the State of Delaware or the State of Florida. Mr. ROSS. Is it not objectionable in exclud

Culver, Davis, Dawes, Dodge, Eggleston, Farnsworth, Mr. FINCK. Let me ask my colleague ing negroes from suffrage?

Goodyear, Hale. Ilayes, Iligby, Ilill, Ilogan, Hooper, whether the number of voters in the Territories Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. I am compelled

Demas Hubbard, John H. Hubbard, Edwin N. Hubo

bell, Hulburd, James M, Humphrey, Johnson, Jones, is not greater in proportion to the population to vote for many propositions objectionable to Kerr, Marvin, McIndoe, McKce, Morris, Niblack, than in the States.

me as an individual. I expect to vote for the Nicholson, Noell, Phelps, Pomeroy, Price, Radford, Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. As a rule, Mr. report of the committee of fifteen.

Samuel J. Randall, William H. Randall, Rogers, Speaker, that is true of all newly settled Terri- Mr. ROSS. Why?

Scofield, Sitgreaves, Sloan, Starr, Stilwell, Taber,

Thayer, Trimble, Van Aernam, Ward, William B. tories. But Colorado has been a Territory for Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. Because it ignores Washburn, Wentworth, and Stephen F. Wilson-51. some years. I have myself visited the Terri- the great body of loyal men in the South who So the amendment was rejected. tory twice-once three years ago last fall, and | during the rebellion were our friends and fought

The bill was ordered to be engrossed and again this year--and I can state

that the female to preserve the Union, while it practically leaves | read a third time; and being engrossed, it was population is largely increasing, as also the the government of the late rebel States in the

accordingly read the third time. junior population ; so that the disparity be. hands of those who attempted to destroy this Mr. LE BLOND demanded the yeas and tween the actual population of a congressional nation. I intend to go for it, however, because district in one of the eastern or southern States I believe it is the best proposition we can get,

nays on the passage of the bill. and that of Colorado is not so great as my col

The yeas and nays were ordered. and because it reflects the aggregate sentiment league would have the House suppose.

The question was taken; and it was decided of the country. By passing this bill we but

in the affirmative-yeas 81, nays 57, not voting Mr. CHANLER. I desire to ask the gen. affirm the principle of that report. We leave

45-as follows: tleman from Ohio whether he is not aware that the question of suffrage to the people of Colo

YEAS-Messrs. Ames, Anderson, Delos R. Ashley, according to the returns made by the Post rado, and I would rather intrust that question James M. Ashley, Baker, Banks, Barker, Beaman, Office Department, which furnish a good test or any other to the loyal people of Colorado, Benjamin, Bidwell, Bingham, Blow, Brandeyce, of population, the number of letters distributed who furnished three regiments of as good sol

Bromwell, Buckland. Bundy, Reader W. Clarke,

Sidney Clarke, Cobb, Conkling, Cullom, Defrces, in that Territory has within the last few years diers as ever entered the Union Army, than Deming, Dixon, Dodge, Donnelly, Driggs, Dumont been largely and constantly decreasing. to commit the question of enfranchising the Eckley, Farquhar, Ferry, Garfield, Grinnell, Abner Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. Mr. Speaker, if black man to the white electors of the late rebel

C. Jarding. Hart, Henderson, Holmes, Hotchkiss,

Asahel W. Hubbard, Chester D. Hubbard, James Ra the gentleman is at all conversant with the States, as we propose to do in the proposition || llubboll, Ingersoll,' Jenckes, Kasson, Kelso, Kotch

am, Lailin, Latham, George V. Lawrenco, William time, and referred to the Committee on Agri- || nois [Mr. HARDING] raises a new question. He Lawrence, Loan, Longyear, Marston, McClurg, culture.

proposes that the House shall pass upon this Mckee, Mercur, Miller, Moorhead, Moulton, Myers, O'Neill, Orth, Patterson, Plants, Alexander II. Rice,


bill without reference to a committee at all. If Rollins, Sawyer, Schenck, Shellabarger, Smith, Spalding, Francis Thomas, Trowbridge, Upson, Van Aer

The next business on the Speaker's table

that is the general desire of the House I am nam, Burt Van Horn, Robert T. Van Horn, Warner, was Senate bill No. 220, for the relief of cer

willing that they shall take it up in connection

with the amendment for action now. Welker, Whaley, and Williams-81.

tain contractors for the construction of vesselsNAYS-Messrs. Allison, Alley, Ancona, Baxter, Bergen, Blaine, Boutwell, Boyer, Broomall, Chanler, of-war and steam machinery; which was read

But, sir, the gentleman is certainly wrong in Cofiroth, Darling, Dawson, Denison, Eldridge, Eliot, a first and second time.

saying that the object is to “ride down" this Finck, Glossbrenner, Grider, Griswold, Aaron Hard

Mr. RICE, of Massachusetts. I move to

measure of which he is the friend. He forgets ing, Ilarris, Higby, James Humphrey, Julian, Kelley, Kuykendall, Le Bond, Lynch, Marshall, McCullough, refer it to the Committee on Naval Affairs.

that forty miles north of his own city there is McRuer, Morrill, Morris, Newell, Niblack, Paine, Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I move

city in Iowa of equal importance, with roads Perham, Pike, Raymond, John H. Rice, Ritter, Ross, to amend by referring it to the Committee of

approaching it on both sides, and with what Rousseau, Shanklin, Stevens, Stilwell, Stronse, Tay

Claims. lor, Thornton, Elibu B. Washburne, Henry D. Wash

Quincy has not, a solid rock bottom in the burn, James F. Wilson, Windom, Winfield, Wood- The amendment was agreed to; and the

river, which we have already appropriated bridge, and Wright-57. NOT VOTING-Messrs. Baldwin, Cook, Culver, motion, as amended, was also agreed to.

money to blast out, so as to let boats through. Davis, Dawes, Delano, Eggleston, Farnsworth, Good- Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois, moved to

Now, I say, that when the proposition is to

construct a bridge at a point like that, made year, Hale, Hayes, Hill, Hogan, Ilooper, Demas lub- reconsider the vote by which the bill was bard, John H. Hubbard, Edwin N. Hubbell, Hulburd, referred ; and also moved to lay that motion

by nature for it, the gentleman should not say James M. Humphrey, Johnson, Jones, Kerr, Marvin,

that the intention is to "ride down" the bill. McIndoe, Nicholson, Noell, Phelps, Pomeroy, Price,

on the table. Radford, Samuel J. Randall, William II. Randall, The latter motion was agreed to.

On the contrary, that amendment will strengthen Rogers, Scofield, Sitgreaves, Sloan, Starr, Taber,

his measure. Thayer, John L. Thomas, Trimble, Ward, William B.


A word more. The gentleman has spoken Washburn, Wentworth, and Stephen F. Wilson-45. So the bill was passed.

The next business on the Speaker's table

of establishing the principle of bridging the was Senate bill No. 236, to authorize the con

Mississippi river. Why, sir, that principle has During the roll-call, struction of certain bridges, and to establish

been established already, and there are two Mr. J. L. THOMAS said: I have paired with

them as post roads; which was read a first bridges now constructed above the points at my colleague, Mr. Puelps, who would have and second time.

which this bill authorizes the construction of voted against the bill. I would have voted

Mr. KASSON. I move to refer the bill to the

bridges. for it. Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads,

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. Yes, and Mr. WINFIELD. My colleague, Mr. J. M. and I ask, at the same time, to offer this amend.

which obstruct navigation to the amount of HUMPHREY, has paired with my colleague, Mr. ment and have it take the same reference:

millions of dollars a year. POMEROY.

Mr. KASSON. I would be much obliged if And be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful for The result having been announced as above any railroad corporation, whose road has been com

my friend from Illinois would allow me to speak recorded,

pleted to the Mississippi river, and connects with a when I have the floor, and when I am through Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio, moved to reconsider railroad on the opposite side thereof, having first I will yield with pleasure to him.

obtained authority therefor from the States of Illinois the vote by which the bill was passed; and also and Iowa, to construct a railroad bridge across said

I say that the principle has been established, moved to lay that motion on the table. river upon the same terms, in the same manner,

and that the interests of the States on both The latter motion was agreed to.

under the same restrictions, and with the same privi- sides of the river require the construction of

leges as is provided for in this act in relation to the
bridge at Quincy, Illinois.

bridges occasionally across that river; and it A message was received from the Senate, by Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I raise the

is perfectly well settled that those bridges can

be constructed so as not to obstruct navigation. Mr. McDonald, its Chief Clerk, requesting the point of order that, as this is a bill providing return of the bill making appropriations for the for one bridge and the amendment proposed

I should certainly oppose any obstruction of

navigation. service of the Post Oflice Department for the is for another, the amendment is not in order.

Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. I desire to remind fiscal year ending the 30th of June, 1867, and

The SPEAKER. The Chair overrules the

the gentleman from Illinois, (Mr. HARDING,] for other purposes.

point of order. The Chair finds from a hasty Mr. GARFIELD. I move that it be returned. examination of the bill that it provides for

who is opposed to these amendments, that this The SPEAKER. It has been referred to the three bridges across the Mississippi river, || construction of a bridge at St. Louis. It was

bill was originally introduced to authorize the * Committee on Appropriations, and it will be and the Chair thinks that this amendment is

amended in the Senate so as to provide for a necessary to reconsider that reference. If there germane. be no objection it will be regarded as reconsid

Mr. KASSON. I now yield the floor to my

bridge at Quincy and, I believe, another at

Hannibal. ered, and the order will be made by the House | colleague, [Mr Wilson.] to return the bill to the Senate in compliance

Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. I desire to offer

Mr. HARDING, of Illinois. The gentleman with the request. another amendment to the bill, in order that it

is wrong in that.
may go with the bill when it is referred.

Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. It was also amended
The SPEAKER. That can only be done

so as to authorize the construction of a bridge The next business on the Speaker's table by unanimous consent.

at Burlington, Iowa. Now, we simply desire was Senate bill No. 277, for the relief of Wil- Mr. KASSON. I have no objection.

that other points of quite as much importance liam Cook; which was read a first and second Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illincis. Let it be

as some of those provided for shall have the time, and referred to the Committee for the read, and then we can see whether we object | sissippi river. The railroad connections at Keo

privilege of constructing bridges across the MisDistrict of Columbia.

or not.
The Clerk read the proposed amendment, as

kuk are quite as important as those at Qniney.

The railway connections there are quite as im.. Mr. LAFLIN. I ask indefinite leave of And that the Keokuk and Hamilton Mississippi || Dubuque. They are all important; and the

portant as those at Burlington; and so it is at absence for my colleague, Mr. Marvin, who Bridge Company be, and is hereby, authorized to has been called away by the death of a brother. construct a bridge over the Mississippi river at

break caused by the river in the connections Keokuk, Iowa, of the same description as the other of those lines is very serious. MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT. bridges provided for by this act.

Now, we ask that this bill, accompanied by The following message in writing was re

There being no objection, the amendment | these amendments, shall go to the Committee ceived from the President of the United States was received.

on the Post Office and Post Roads, a committee by Mr. Edward COOPER, Private Secretary;

Mr. HARDING, of Illinois. While I am appointed to consider measures of this characwhich was read, laid on the table, and ordered in favor of these amendments, and will vote for ter, in order that that committee may deterto be printed :

them on the proper occasion, I am opposed to mine whether it is not as important to have To the House of Representatives :

gentlemen coming in here now and riding down these other points provided for as those already

a bill which has been maturely considered in provided for by the bill. In reply to the resolution of the House of the Senate by the friends of the bridges at Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I desire Representatives of the 23d ultimo, I transmit || Quincy and Burlington. This measure was the calm attention of the House for one moment a report from the Secretary of War, from which considered in the Senate by a very able com- in regard to this subject of bridging the Missisit will be perceived that it is not deemed com- mittee, and a basis was laid by them upon which sippi river. To us in the valley of the Missispatible with the public interests to communi- the Senate and the House can act intelligently. sippi this is certainly one of the most imporcate to the House the report made by General I do object to having that bill laid aside in tant questions before Congress. I may say that Smith and Hon. James T. Brady, of their some committee in order to give these gentle. we are all in favor of bridging the Mississippi investigations at New Orleans, Louisiana. men an opportunity to provide a substitute river, if it can be done without any material ANDREW JOHNSON. for it.

obstruction to its navigation. I am in favor WASHINGTON, D. C., May 2, 1866.

It will be a very easy thing for them to bring || of it, and I believe all the people are in favor

in their bills and pass them after the principle of it; and both interests must yield a little. COLLECTION OF PLANTS.

of bridging the Mississippi river shall have been But there have already been two bridges The next business on the Speaker's table established by the passage of this bill. While built across the Mississippi river, and all of was joint resolution of the Senate No. 76, pro- I am as much in favor of the gentleman's prop- us who live in the Mississippi valley know that viding for the acceptance of a collection of osition as he is, I do hope his course will not those two bridges have been almost the greatest plants tendered to the United States by Fred- be approved by the House.

possible obstruction to the navigation of that erick Pech; which was read a first and second Mr. KASSON. The gentleman from Illi- river, and have caused to the people of that valley

the loss of millions and millions of dollars of and fifty miles along the east bank of that river, surrender the positions which he formerly held property. The value of the steamers that have || including both rapids; and across the river into and yield his great Mississippi fight. been destroyed at Rock Island alone, I think, my district run four great lines of railroad Mr. WASHBURNE, of Tllinois. I occupy would amount to $1,000,000.

which penetrate the great West beyond the || to-day the same position I always occupied. Now, if we in Congress are going forward to | Mississippi. My constituents as well as those I was always willing to have the river bridged legislate upon this subject of bridging the Mis- of the gentlemen on the other side of the Mis- when could be done without materially intersissippi, a subject of vast importance, we should || sissippi are anxious to carry their business || fereing with navigation. legislate with great care and with great delib- across that river to get their produce to market. Mr. GRINNELL. Mr. Speaker, it has been eration. Now, I desire to say that I am opposed My constituents are equally interested with asserted over and over again, in and out of the to sending this bill, with the amendments which those of other gentlemen in maintaining an House, that these bridges are nuisances and have been introduced, to the Committee on the unobstructed navigation of the Mississippi. must come down. But, sir, in regard to the Post Office and Post Roads, for the reason Sir, for thirty years I have fought against ob- Rock Island bridge it has been shown that that that committee has already ordered a bill structions in the Mississippi. I fought against that is not an obstruction. The largest craft to be reported to this House to legalize the the construction of the bridge at Rock Island ; || have, in great numbers-five or six hundred a Clinton bridge and make it a post route, taking and I have been opposed to all such bridges as season-passed there unobstructed; but when from the people of the Mississippi valley all their would obstruct the navigation.

an old craft highly insured has run against the rights and all their remedies in that regard. Now, sir, after weeks of labor, we have here || bridge and been destroyed, we have heard a That committee is already committed in favor a bill prepared upon the information of the great outcry about that bridge. It has been of this subject of obstructing the navigation of ablest engineers of the country, and with the suspicious. the Mississippi river by these bridges, and hence sanction of the War Department, by which it Now, sir, that bridge-I mean the Rock I say that I do not believe that it is just and is provided that the railroad interest and those Island bridge-was constructed by eminent fair that this bill should go to a committee concerned in the transportation of freight by engineers, and if it is a nuisance there, it can already committed in its favor.

that mode of communication shall be accom- be brought down by law. I suppose they want Now, I move to refer this bill with amend. modated, while the shipping interest upon the bridges at all these points, and I am willing ments to the Committee on Commerce. It river shall also be accommodated.

that they shall have them. I am willing that may, perhaps, be objected that the Committee I am in favor of the construction of a bridge this shall go to the Committee on the Post Ofon Commerce has formed its opinion on this at Keokuk. Those interested in that enter- fice and Post Roads. It is for the interest of subject. If that is so, then I will not insist | prise have had a committee here; and I have the other side of the river, where they have ten upon having this bill referred to that commit- assisted them in their efforts to get a bill times the business, east and west of that on the tee. But I do insist that a subject of this vast through Congress. But I do not wish that river, that they shall have all the accommodaimportance should go to some committee where that project shall be tacked on to this bill so tions which nature and

art both give them. The the subject will be considered fairly and justly, that the whole thing may go over to the next || people distant to the Pacific are interested in with a due regard to the interests of all parties, session. I had hoped, sir, that this bill would these crossings. The railroad system of this and not in the interest of these railroad corpo- be referred by the House to some friendly || country, and especially that west of the river, rations, which have for one object the damming committee that would report it back. It con- is made to yield to the natural highways of up of that great natural highway, in order that tains, I will state to the House, all the ele- commerce. We have there established a bridge they may compel freight to go over their lines, ments of a system of laws for the regulation of which will admit transit east and west as well and thus rob the people still further. I want the construction of these bridges. The draw as up and down the river. this question considered fairly, and by a com- at Quincy is one hundred and sixty feet in the Mr. KASSON. I now yield to the gentleman mittee that is not prejudiced on this subject, || clear, a width far beyond that of the bridge || from Massachusetts, chairman of the Commitand that has not committed itself to any par- at Rock Island, which was built without the tee on the Post Office and Post Roads. ticular line of policy.

authority of any law of Congress, and was a Mr. ALLEY. I was not present and did Mr. ROSS. Will the gentleman from Iowa | great obstruction. This bridge at Quincy, the not hear the remarks of the gentleman from [Mr. Kasson) permit me to offer an amend proposed bridge at Burlington, and the one Illinois, but I am informed that he reflected ment?

at Keokuk, are all unobjectionable, so far as on the Committee on the Post Office and Mr. KASSON. I will hear it read.

I can judge from my investigation of the ques- Post Roads, charging that it was an unfair Mr. ROSS. It is to add the following: tion.

committee and in the interest of the railroads, Provided, however, That said bridges shall not be so I am aware of the zeal with which my col- and that he was opposed to any reference to built as to obstruct or impair the navigation of the league from the Galena district [Mr. Wash: that committee on that ground, asking at the Mississippi river.

BURNE] protects the navigation interests. I same time that it be referred to the CommitMr. KASSON. I have no objection to hav- know very well that there is a very great preju. || tee on Commerce, of which committee he is ing that amendment go to the committee with dice against bridges; but I am happy to see chairman. the other propositions.

that the honest sentiments of my friend have Mr. GRINNELL. The gentleman is misMr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. In view been modified, and that he publicly assents to taken. I said that the Committee on the Post of the importance of this question, I will ask the bridging of the river Mississippi. I beg Office and Post Roads was a fair committee, that a fair committee be appointed to con- him now to have this bill referred to a friendly and the gentleman from Illinois said nothing sider it. committee if it must be referred at all.

reflecting on the committee at all. Mr. KASSON. I will say that this question Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I propose Mr. ALLEY. I ask the gentleman from has already been considered with great care that it shall be referred to the Committee on Illinois whether he reflected on that committee. and deliberation in the Senate. The gentle- Roads and Canals. I desire that it shall not Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I made no man from Illinois (Mr. WASHBURNE) suggests be referred to the Committee on the Post Office reflection on any committee. I trust I underthat a special committee should be raised for and Post Roads.

stand the rules too well for that. I stated the the purpose of considering this subject. I do Mr. KASSON. I desire to ask the gentle- action of that committee and that it tended to not like to take this subject from the juris- man from the Quincy district, who is a friend strike down the interests of eight million peodiction of the committee to which it properly of the original measure, to what committee he || ple of the agricultural districts. belongs, and have it go to another regular would prefer to have the bill referred. I am Mr. ALLEY. I understood the gentleman committee, as was first suggested by the gen- equally anxious with himself to have it go to a to have reflected on the action of the committleman from Illinois. I think the Post Office | friendly committee, and at the same time a tee. I must have misapprehended, or rather Committee is a competent committee to con- prudent one. I am desirous to oblige the gen- I must have been misinformed, in reference to sider the question, as is also the Committee on tleman. Does he desire it to go to the Com- the position of the gentleman from Illinois. I Commerce. But in the Senate the subject went mittee on the Post Office and Post Roads, or understood that he reflected on the Committee to the Post Office Committee. Its very title to the Committee on Roads and Canals? on the Post Office and Post Roads, charging indicates that it should go there, and I for one Mr. HARDING, of Illinois. I do not know them with unfairness. He disclaims any reflecwill not discredit any regular committee. The what is the state of the business before those tion on that committee, and of course I have only other alternative is that it should go to a committees. I think I would prefer that it || nothing further to say. special committee.

should be referred to a Committee of the Whole In regard to the question before that comMr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I am will- || House.

mittee in which that gentleman is interested, ing to withdraw my motion for a special com- Mr. KASSON. Then we should never hear no action has been taken and no report made, mittee, as also my suggestion that it be referred of the bill again.

and of course the gentleman can have no comto the Committee on Commerce, and I will Mr. HARDING, of Illinois. I accept, then, | plaint. suggest that it should be referred to the Com- the proposition to refer it to the Committee on Mr. KASSON. I yield to the gentleman mittee on Roads and Canals, which I am sure the Post Office and Post Roads.

from Missouri. will prove to be an impartial committee.

Mr. KASSON. That is my original prop

Mr. BLOW. I desire to state there are two Mr. HARDING, of Illinois. Will the gen- osition. I now yield to my colleague, [Mr. || Senate bills before the House providing for tleman from Iowa' [Mr. Kasson] yield to me GRINNELL.]

the construction of bridges across the Missisfor a moment?

Mr. GRINNELL. I desire, Mr. Speaker, sippi river. The city of St. Louis, its Chamber Mr. KASSON. I will yield for an explana- || that this bill may be referred to the Committee of Commerce, and its people, have united in tion, but I cannot yield the floor entirely. on the Post Office and Post Roads, because I declaring that no obstruction should be made Mr. HARDING, of Illinois. Mr. Speaker, || know that that is a good committee.

to the navigation of a stream upon which floats I feel a deep interest in the subject of bridging Mr. Speaker, I am very glad to hear the the greatest commerce of the New World. It the Mississippi. My district lies one hundred Il gentleman from Illinois [Mr. WASHBURNE] Il is therefore provided in reference to the bridge



at that point so that any steamer may pass by Mr. STEVENS. I offer the following amend. and property of the children out of the hands that city on its way up the river without any

of legally appointed guardians, and give it to detriment whatever. But, sir, if we pass That the time for commencing and completing tho

this corporation. bill there will be a series of obstructions from Northern Pacific railroad and all its several sections Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I do not

is extended for the term of two years. the city of St. Louis to the falls of St. Anthony.

think that that is the construction of the bill. The bridge the gentleman has spoken of is

Mr. ROSS. Is that amendment germane to Mr. ROSS. It appears to me from the readone of the greatest obstructions, if not an ab- the subject? I raise the question of order. ing of it that it is. solute nuisance, causing extra insurance to be The SPEAKER. The Chair thinks it is in Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. If the gendemanded by the insurance companies, and order. It relates to the building of railroads tleman desires to amend it in that respect he the loss of thousands of dollars' worth of valu- across the continent. It is a question for the can do so. able property annually. In addition to the House whether it will concur in the amend. Mr. GARFIELD. I suggest to the gentlenatural obstructions it imposes a burden upon ment.

man from Illinois [Mr. Ross) that he offer an the cities on that stream which they are not Mr. STEVENS. The object of the amend- amendment providing that the bill shall not be able to bear. In adverse winds boats have had ment is simply this: the original resolution construed in that way. to remain for days at Rock Island. By this proposed to extend the time for the comple- The SPEAKER. The section referred to bill you propose to obstruct it at Quincy, Han

tion of the southern branch of the Union by the gentleman from Illinois [Mr. Ross] nibal, Keokuk, and I do not know how many

Pacific railroad for a few months according to will be read. other places.

the recommendation of the message of the The Clerk read as follows: Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. Has the gentleman President. The time had expired. One and Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That upon any examined the provisions of this bill?

a half section had been finished, but not within minor child being removed from or leaving this inMr. BLOW. I have. They call for a draw | the time required by law by a few days. The

stitution, as provided in the preceding section, and

there being due to such minor child any pension or of one hundred and sixty-five feet, leaving only message of the President informed us that

back pay from tho United States Government, tho a channel hardly the width of the vessels them- unless we extended the time the subsidy could directors of theinstitution shall retain control of such selves. not be granted. Two months are asked for. back pay or bounty until such child attains the ago

of majority, paying to such child during minority Mr. KASSON. I ask as a point of order The amendment I offer is to give further time, only the interest thereof, or such further sum as, in whether it is proper to discuss the merits of but it proposes no advantage except the exten- the discretion of the board, may be necessary for the the bill on the motion to refer. sion of the time.

support and maintenance of such minor. Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. That brings I demand the previous question.

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. That is a up the whole question.

The previous question was seconded and the very good provision. I think no one can obMr. KASSON. I presume the proper time main question ordered ; and under the operation | ject to it. "I think the House had better pass for this debate will be when the bill has been thereof the amendment was agreed to.

the bill. returned from the committee. I understand The bill, as amended, was ordered to be Mr. HARDING, of Illinois. I wish my colit has been prepared with unusual care and on engrossed and read a third time; and being || league would explain why bounty money beconsultation with eminent engineers. We un- engrossed, it was accordingly read the third | longing to these orphans is safer in the hands derstand uniformly that a bridge near the city time and passed.

of the directors of this corporation than in those and within the district of a member of Con- On motion of Mr. STEVENS, the title of the l of the agents which the law provides. Guardgress is always large enough and high enough, bill was amended by adding thereto the words ians are safer depositaries than these directin the opinion of that member, but that a bridge “and for other purposes.

ors, who may or may not be good. They are above or below obstructs commerce, by being Mr. STEVENS moved to reconsider the good now, no doubt. But the institution may too small, and therefore ought not to be al- vote by which the bill was passed and the title degenerate, as many things do in this world. lowed to remain.

amended; and also moved to lay that motion Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. My colI have submitted my amendment with special on the table.

league entirely misapprehends the character reference to the wants of central and western The latter motion was agreed to.

of this bill. It is certainly for one of the most Iowa. We want a double outlet for our products,

laudable objects to which our attention could NEW YORK AND MONTANA MINING COMPANY. the unobstructed option of the Chicago and

possibly be called, and I think the provision to St. Louis markets, and competition between

The next business on the Speaker's table which the gentleman alludes is one of the best railroads for freight. With this bridge at Keo

was Senate bill No. 203, to enable the New | provisions of the bill. It provides that the kuk we can send our products to St. Louis York and Montana Iron Mining and Manufac- funds of these orphans shall be kept by the without breaking bulk. From Des Moines as turing Company to purchase a certain amount institution, and the interest paid to them, until & common center there will be two routes open of the public lands not now in market.

they come of age. The bill is designed for the to Chicago, and one, if not two, to St. Louis,

Mr. STEVENS. I move to lay that on the purpose of protecting, educating, and caring and all without the serious obstruction of table.

for the orphans of soldiers and sailors. breaking bulk at the river, with its heavy

The motion was agreed to.

Mr. HARDING, of Illinois. I move to strike accompanying charges.

SOLDIERS' AND SAILORS' ORPHAN HOME. out that eighth section.
Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I desire

Mr. ROSS. I suggest to my colleague if it I am pressed all around, and as there are other

would not be better to refer this bill to the measures waiting that are urgent, to ask the

to make a statement. Several patriotic ladies | Judiciary Committee or some other committee

have sent me a bill to incorporate the National previous question on the motion to refer this to

that will examine it. I have no objection to the committee. The whole subject will be open

Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphan Home in the Dis. for debate when it comes back. trict of Columbia. It is a very worthy object.

the object of the bill, but I think it had better

be referred and examined. Mr. GRISWOLD. I desire to ask the gen

I find among the managers the names of Mrs. tleman whether by the provisions of this charter General Sherman, Mrs. Carlile, Mrs. Todd, | objection to its reference.

Mr. HARDING, of Illinois. I have no the bridge company would be liable for damages Mrs. Smith, Mrs. Hale, Mrs. General Curtis,

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. If the growing out of obstruction of the navigation. Mrs. General Scofield, and a great many others;

House desires it-
Mr. KASSON. Certainly they are if the

and I venture to bring the matter to the con-
sideration of the House. I have looked over

Mr. HARDING, of Illinois. I have the bridge is improperly constructed, liable at

floor now. this bill, and if the House, after hearing it read, common law.

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. Then let Mr. BENJAMIN. They would not, if it is

sees nothing objectionable in it, I will ask to
have it passed.

the gentleman take charge of the bill. built according to the provisions of the bill.

Mr. HARDING, of Illinois. I will take Mr. KASSON. I have no sort of objection

The bill was read.

charge of it if the gentleman wants me to. to the fullest debate, but I understand it to be

Mr. ROSS. I would inquire of my colleague We have a system of laws throughout the Unithe wish of the House not to discuss it now.

if this bill does not take the custody of the ted States by which the interest of the minor Mr. STEVENS. The merits of this bill are property of these orphans out of the hands of

children of our dead soldiers is secured. The not open, and I trust it will not take up the their guardians, and give the control of it to Government itself which makes these grants whole day. Let it go to the committee. this corporation.

to these orphans provides a place where this The previous question was seconded and the

Mr. STEVENS. I ask for the reading of money shall be cared for and kept safe and main question ordered ; and under the operathe sixth section.

secure. But, overriding all that system, it is tion thereof the bill was referred to the Com- The Clerk read the section, as follows:

proposed to provide here by a general sweepmittee on the Post Office and Post Roads. Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That no child ing clause that whenever the money of these shall ever be bound out from this institution.

orphans gets into the hands of this corporaUNION PACIFIC RAILROAD.

Mr. STEVENS. I do not think that is prac. tion, the custody of the funds shall be in the The next business on the Speaker's table ticable. If the institution is to raise them up management of these directors. To that I am was Senate joint resolution No. 80, extending || in idleness, and never bind them out, it is con- opposed. It is too large and sweeping a prothe time for the completion of the Union Pa- trary to all precedents that I ever heard of. vision. I do not understand how the funds of cific railroad, eastern division; which was read I move to strike that section out, so as to leave these orphans will ever get into the possession a first and second time.

it discretionary with the managers of the insti- of these directors. I shall move to refer the Mr. STEVENS. I trust that may be con- tution.

bill, unless my colleague will consent to strike sidered now.

The motion was agreed to, and the sixth out this section. The bill was read in full. It extends the time section was stricken out.

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. The genfor the completion of the first one hundred Mr. ROSS. I again ask my colleague if this tleman can make his motion, and the House 'miles until June 27, 1866.

bill does not take the custody of the persons can do what they please about it.

Mr. DELANO. Is it in order to move to

ESTABLISHMENT OF POST ROUTES. I have applied, but have not been able to refer the bill to the Committee on the Judi

Mr. LYNCH, by unanimous consent, intro

obtain the information at the Interior Depart-, ciary? duced a bill to establish certain post routes;

ment, and I have introduced this resolution in The SPEAKER. It is in order. which was read a first and second time, and

order to ascertain the facts in the case. Mr. DELANO. I make that motion, then, || referred to the Committee on the Post Office

Mr. HUBBARD, of Iowa. I object. in entire friendship to the measure, and simply || and Post Roads.

FREDERICK COUNTY, VIRGINIA. because I do not think it is likely to be per

WEST VIRGINIA WAR CLAIMS. fected in this mode.. And I move that the

On motion of Mr. LAWRENCE, of Ohio, committee have leave to report it at any time.

Mr. HUBBARD, of West Virginia. I ask

the Committee on the Judiciary were disMr. HARDING, of Illinois. Then I with- consent of the House to take from the Speak- charged from the further consideration of the draw my motion to strike out the eighth section.

er's table, and have referred to the Committee petition of citizens of Frederick county, VirMr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I assent on Appropriations, Senate bill No. 230, to re- ginia, asking that that county be attached to to the motion of the gentleman from Ohio. I imburse the State of West Virginia for moneys

the State of West Virginia ; and the same was have no desire to press this bill against the expended for the United States in enrolling, laid upon the table. objection of a single man here. equipping, and paying military forces to aid in

JOIN ERICSSON. Nr. DELANO. I have no objection to the suppressing the rebellion.

Mr. GRISWOLD. I ask unanimous conbill. My object is to get it through.

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I object, The motion was agreed to. unless it be to refer to the Committee of Claims.

sent to take from the Speaker's table, for refer

ence to the Committee on Naval Affairs, Senate So the bill was reterred to the Committee on Mr. HUBBARD, of West Virginia. It makes

bill No. 274, for the relief of John Ericsson. the Judiciary, with leave to report at any time. a specific appropriation, and therefore should

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I ask that go to the Committee on Appropriations, MESSAGE FROM THE SENATE.

the bill be read.

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I think it A message from the Senate, by Mr. WILLIAM is high time this question of jurisdiction over

The bill was accordingly read. It directs J. McDonald, its Chief Clerk, informed the bills of this character should be determined by

the Secretary of the Treasury to pay to John House that the Senate had agreed to the amend- this House. The Committee on Appropria

Ericsson the sum of $13,930, in full for his ments of the House to the bill of the Senate tions has no right to consider these bills, but

services in planning the United States war

steamer Princeton, and in planning and superNo. 155, concerning the boundaries of the they should go to the Committee of Claims. State of Nevada.

The SPEÅKER. As objection is made the intending the construction of the machinery

for the same. The message further informed the House bill will not be taken up now. that the Senate had passed a concurrent reso

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I have no

TERRITORIAL BUSINESS. lution providing that the standing Committees

objection to its reference. It contains an of the two Houses on Public Buildings and Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. I understand that || appropriation and will have to go to the ComGrounds be instructed to inquire and report the gentleman from Kentucky (Mr. HARDING]

mittee of the Whole, anyhow, when it shall what further provision, if any, should be made withdraws the objection he made some time be reported from that committee. for the accommodation of the State Depart- since to allowing the Committee on Territories The bill was taken from the Speaker's table, ment, in which the concurrence of the House to have an hour for the consideration of their read a first and second time, and referred to was requested. business after the morning hour of to-morrow

the Committee on Naval Affairs. The message further informed the House shall have been concluded.

And then, on motion of Mr. WASHBURNE, that the Senate had passed bills and a joint

Mr. DEMING. I renew the objection.

of Illinois, (at four o'clock and ten minutes resolution of the following titles; in which the

p. m.,) the House adjourned.

concurrence of the House was requested:
An act (S. No. 99) granting lands to the
Mr. BURLEIGH. I ask unanimous con-

State of Oregon to aid in the construction of

sent to have the following preamble and reso-
lution considered at this time:

The following petitions, &c., were presented under a military road from Albany, Oregon, to the

the rule and referred to the appropriate committees: eastern boundary of said State;

Whereas an act of Congress was passed March 3, By Mr.BEAMAN: The claim of Henry P. Sangor, An act (S. No. 230) to reimburse the State

1865, entitled "An act to provide for the construction for services rendered as book-keeper and teller in the

of certain wagon roads in the Territories of Idaho, office of H. K. Sanger, late United States depositary. of West Virginia for moneys experded for the Montana, Dakota, and Nebraska;" and whereas by By Mr. BROMWELL: The petition of Thomas A. United States in enrolling, equipping, and pay

said act the sum of $20,000 was appropriated for the Cosgrove, and others, praying for a law regulating

construction of a wagon road from a point at or near insurance. ing military forces to aid in suppressing the the mouth of the Big Sioux river, via Yancton, By Mr. BROOMALL: The petition of Dr. J. A. rebellion;

Dakota Territory, to a point at or near the mouth of Meredith, asking that certain medicines bo exempt An act (S. No. 274) for the relief of John the Big Cheyenne river, thenco up said river to its

from taxation. main fork, thenco up the north fork to a point of Ericsson ; and

By Mr. FERRY: The memorial of J.C. Lewis, and intersection with the road from Niobrara; and 16 others, citizens of Washington, praying for the pasJoint resolution (S. R. No. 71) referring the whereas the work on said wagon road is reported to sage of a law regulating inter-State insurances. petition and papers in the case of Joseph Ñock

have been commenced and far advanced in 1865, by By Mr. GLOSSBRENNER: The petition of Arthur

orders from the Secretary of the Interior, during the to the Court of Claims..

W. Farquhar, of York county, Pennsylvania, praying

compensation for certain merchandise furnished to WITHDRAWAL OF PAPERS.

been made with the Indian tribes occupying the Government in 1864 under contract. the country through which said road is located, by

By Mr. KELLEY: The memorial of merchants and On motion of Mr. DELANO, leave was which the right of way was secured to the United

citizens of Philadelphia, praying that the officers and granted for the withdrawal from the files of States; and whereas the Secretary of the Interior is

men of the Kcargarge be rewarded for the sinking of represented to have ordered a suspension of work the Alabama, us recommended by the Secretary of the the House of the papers, copies being left, in upon said Cheyenne road, and required the superin

Navy: the cases of W. P. Jones, Benjamin Roach,

tendent having charge of the construction of the By Mr. LAFLIN: The memorial of H. A. Harvey, J. A. Hudnall, and Amisted T. M. Filler.

same, to turn over all of the stock, implements, and of New York city, praying for tho extension of cerOn motion of Mr. ORTH, leave was granted

money appropriated and purchased for the said road tain patents for the manufacture of wood screws issued

to the superintendent of the Niobrara road, whereby for the withdrawal from the files of the House the opening and construction of the Cheyenne road By Mr. LX WRENCE. of Pennsylvania: A petition of the papers in the case of James Nokes,

are prevented, to the great injury of the Territory of from citizens of Beaver county, Pennsylvania, asking Dakota: Therefore,

an increase of duties on foreign wools. copies being left.

Resolved, That the Secretary of the Interior be By Mr. SAWYER: The petition of A, V. Balch, requested to inform this House whether the work on

and 20 others, citizens of Waupacca county, WisconWISCONSIN RAILROAD GRANTS.

tho said road has been arrested or interrupted by his sin, praying for an enactment of equal laws for the Mr. ELDRIDGE, by unanimous consent, orders, and if so, for what reason the samo has been

regulation of inter-State insurances. done; whetherany of the moneys appropriated thereto By Mr. SCIENCK: The petition of physicians of introduced a joint resolution explanatory of have been diverted to the uses of the Niobrara or any Eaton, Ohio, praying that mcdicines and preparaand in addition to the act of May 5, 1864,

other road mentioned in said act, with the authority, tions of the United States or other national Pharma

if any in that case, for said diversion. entitled "An act granting lands to aid in the

copoeia, of which the full and proper formula is pubcoustruction of certain railroads in the State of

Mr. GRINNELL. Before determining

lished in the dispensatories, &c., be placed on the free

list, inasmuch as the high tax on alcohol is sufficient Wisconsin ;'' which was read a first and second || whether I shall object to the introduction of

to exempt them from tax on officinal medicines.' time, and referred to the Committee on Public this resolution at this time, I would inquire By Mr. STEVENS: The petition of John MoGar

rish, asking for increase of pension, Lands. of the gentleman whether he has sought the

Also, two petitions of Cary Ahl, and numerous Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois, moved to information he asks at the Department of the others, citizens of Pennsylvania, asking for protec

tion for American industry. reconsider the vote by which the joint resolu- | Interior, and if he has been unable to obtain tion was referred; and also moved that the it there.

Also, the petition of Elizabeth Klinger, praying for motion to reconsider be laid upon the table.

Mr. BURLEIGH. I will say that two years

a pension.

Also, the petition of Martha R. Bauer, praying for The latter motion was agreed to.

ago an appropriation was made for the con- a pension,
struction of this wagon road. Since that time

By Mr. WELKER: The petition of J. II. Fay, and

66 others, wool-growers of Lorain county, Ohio, askit is said that treaties have been made with the

ing protection on wool. Mr. UPSON, by unanimous consent, intro- Indians along the line of the road, and it is Also, the petition of R. C. Fenn, and 27 others, duced a bill to amend section two of an act said that the Government has secured the

wool-growers of Medina county, Ohio, asking for tho entitled "An act to authorize the Legislatures || right of way for the road along there. I now Also, the petition of Charles Boydston, and 23 othof the States of Illinois, Arkansas, Louisiana, understand that since those treaties have been ers, wool-growers of Wayne county, Ohio, asking for and Tennessee to sell the lands heretofore

the same. made orders have been issued to suspend work By Mr. WINDOM: The petition of J. C. Easton, appropriated for the use of schools in those upon this road, upon the ground that the In- and 22 others, citizens of Minnesota, asking the en States;" which was read a first and second dians will not allow it to proceed. Now, I actment of just and equal laws for the regulation of time, and referred to the Committee on Pub- want to know whether there is anything in

inter-State insurances of all kinds.

Also, the petition of J. S. Sawyer, and 27 others, lic Lands.

those treaties, or whether they are mere shams. Hitizens of Minnesota, on the same subject.


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