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at a remote distance, when we have millions | whatever may be their decision upon the ques- Nr. STEVENS. That is the commence. of good land lying idle and uncultivated close tion I shall submit to with pleasure.

ment of it, and that shows that there was a at hand.

regret a decision that is adverse to what I deem thorough organization of that company. А I say, let us wait until the country is par- to be the interest of the nation, but I shall have very ardent friend of this road, who had spent tially settled before we talk about building no complaint to make against any. None who at least eight years of his lite before he com: this road.

have fairly treated it can fairly be complained | pleted the grant by obtaining this charter, was Mr. GRINNELL. The Illinois Central rail. of, for they had a right so to treat it.

made president of it-Mr. Perham, a man as road was built when there was nobody at some In the first place, therefore, let us consider abonest as ever lived. He believed he was capoints within twenty miles of it.

the importance of this question. Is it as im- pable at the time of carrying it through without Mr. HARDING, of Illinois. I was out | portant as I have indicated? In the second anything further, but bis health failed him, there at the time and know all about the place, let us consider the liability or the risk or I believe verily he would have gone, like subject.

which this nation is to incur; whether we are those who drummed up from house to house

to embarrass the finances of the country, as INTERNATIONAL OCEAN TELEGRAPH.

through New England, and obtained subscripthe heated imagination of some gentlemen Mr. ELIOT. I understand that a message

tions enough to have built it. His healtlı failed seem to suppose by this measure. Forif this and he was obliged to give way. He found he has come from the Senate asking for a com- is to take from other and more worthy objects, could not attend to it. The time was passing mittee of conference on the disagreeing votes such as the compensation to our soldiers and round when he was obliged to commence it. of the two Houses on Senate bill No. 26, to sailors, and especially our one-legged soldiers, He was applied to by a party of men for the encourage telegraphic communication between | [laughter,] I certainly shall expect no mau to purpose of purchasing the franchise, and it he the United States and the island of Cuba and vote for it.

had been what gentlemen suppose everybody other West India islands, and the Bahamas. I In my judgment it is the most important connected with this institution is-a swindler, move that the request be granted. The motion was agreed to; and the Speaker gress, and it is one in which the most good measure ever presented to an American Con. a robber, a speculator-he would have taken

their bonus and given them the franchise ; but, appointed Messrs Eliot, O'Neill, and TAYLOR can be conferred upon this nation and upon like an honest man, he refused it. And I send as managers of said conference on the part of | posterity with the least possible risk.

to the Chair now a letter from the present the House.

But before I enter upon that view I will take || president of the road in answer to a letter of NORTHERN PACIFIC RAILROAD-AGAIN. up a few of the preliminary objections, so that mine.

the brush being cleared away we may build The Clerk read the letter, as follows: Mr. LONGYEAR. I ask the Clerk to read extracts from the original act of incorporation more firmly upon a solid foundation.

COMMISSIONER'S OFFICE, in reply to what has been said here, and to Our distinguished friend from Illinois [Mr.

NORTHERN PACIFIC RAILROAD COMPANY, show that the pending bill does not make any by-laws of this company. Now, I know that WENTWORTH) thinks there are no records, no

No. 258 1 STREET,

WASHINGTOX, D. C., April 25, 1866. change with the exception of granting an ex

DEAR Sır: I have the honor to acknowledge retension of the time. people as far out West as Chicago are not to

ceipt of yours of this date inquiring: The Clerk read as follows:

be expected to enter into the light literature 1. Whether the Northern Pacific railroad has been

of the East, and read the matters connected legally organized, and when and whether any report SEC. 4. And be it further enacted. That whenever with the great western railroads, and therefore

has ever been published by the coinpany. said Northern Pacific Railroad Company shall have

2. Whether there has been any chango in the board twenty-five consecutive miles of any portion of said

I do not wonder that my friend had no knowl- of directors since the first clection, and when and railroad and telegrapa line ready for the service con: | edge that a book called the Northern Pacific who now constitute the board, and their residences. templated, the President of the United States shall Railroad Company and its Charter and Organ

3. Whether anything was paid or agreed to be paid

by the new directors as a bonus or otherwise for the and if it shall appear that twenty-five consecutive ization,” which I hold in my hand, containing | change of management. miles of said road and telegraph line have been com- the charter, the by-laws, and the original

4. Whether anything, and what, has been done by pleted in a good, substantial, and workmanlikemanorganization of the company, existed.

the present board toward obtaining funds to build ner, as in all other respects required by this act, the

the road. commissioners shall so report to the President of the

Mr. WENTWORTH, Will the gentleman 1. In reply to the first inquiry I would state that United States, and patents of lands as aforesajd sball || allow me a word?

on the 7th day of December, 1864, the company was be issued to said company, contining to said com

organized in accordance with the provisions of its

Mr. STEVENS. Certainly. Pauy the right and title to said lands, situated op

charter, as appears by the report of the company, posite to, and coterminous with, said completed sec

Mr. WENTWORTH. I appeal to every which I send accompanying this. The record of this tion of said road; and froin time to time, wbenever member present if I did not call for the records ; organization, before the gentlemen now composing twenty-five additional consecutive miles shall have if I did not ask gentlemen to send them to the

the board of directors were elected, wils submiited to been constructed, completed, and in readiness as

the examination of gentlemen of high legal position aforesaid, and verificd by said commissioners to the

Clerk's desk and have them read; and no one in the city of Boston, and their opinion given that President of the United States, then patents shall be dared to offer any. No one has said to me

tho proceedings were regular and the organization issued to said company conveying the additional

legal and complete. that there were any, although I have repeat. sections of land as aforesaid.

2. In reply to the second inquiry, the following SEC. 8. And be it further enacted, That each and edly asked for them, and would be glad to read gentlemen compose the present board of directors: every grant, right, and privilege herein are so made, them.

J. Gregory Sinith, St. Albans, Vermont; Onslow and given to, and accepted by said Northern Pacitic Mr. STEVENS. Mr. Speaker, I admit my

Stearns, Concord, New Hampshire; George Stark, Railroad Company, upon and subject to the follow

Nashua, New Hampshire; R. D. Rice, Augusta, ing conditions, namely, that the said company shall delinquency in not immediately answering the Maine; Edward S. Foley, Boston, Massachusetts; commence the work on said road within two years | gentleman, but I am very much opposed to

George C. Richardson, Boston, Massachusetts: James

C. Converse, Boston, Massachusetts; Benjainin P. shall complete not less than fifty miles per year after interruption. If the gentlemen will allow me

Cheney, Boston, Massachusetts: George Il. Gordon, the second year, and shall construct, equip, furnish, || [presenting a copy] I will respectfully tender Boston, Massachusetts; Frank Fuller, New York; and complete the whole road by the 4th day of July, a copy to him now. [Laughter.]

George Briggs, New York; Philander Rood, New anno Domini 1876.

York; L. D. M. Swett, Portland, Maine.

Mr. WENTWORTH. Thank you, sir; much The last three were members of the old board. The Mr. STEVENS. Mr. Speaker, this ques- || obliged. [Laughter.)

others were elected on the 5th day of January last. tion, like all great national questions, ought not Mr. STEVENS. Now, Mr. Speaker, that

3. In reply to the third inquiry I would say: the

change in the board of directors was effected at the to be discussed and is not to be decided either | little book in which there is grand reading for solicitation of the members of the old board. The by buffoonery or vulgar denunciation. There youthful minds, shows the original charter and charter had been held by them for over a year, and are times and places when such things are per- | by-laws of the company, and a subscription

they had been unable to secure the confidence of

capitalists, or to obtain the funds necessary to justify tinent, but not in the grand council of the of $2,000,000, with the payment of ten per the commencement of the work by the time limited nation when considering a great question of cent. The date of the organization of the com- in the charter, July 2, 1866. national importance. There we ought to have pany is December, 1864, in the village of Bos- Finding themselves unable to enlist the confidence

of capitalists in this commtry they opened negotiathe calm judgment operating upon well ascer- ton, [laughter,) and all the directors' names

tions in the autumn of 1865 with the president of a tained and not perverted facts.

are there set down. As to these gentlemen, company representing a large foreigu corporation, There are large minds that can take in the who are named as commissioners their duties

to becomo the purchasers of the franchise of this whole of a nation. There are small minds

company, with a view to make it a portion of a lino were long ago discharged, my friend knows.

then existing, which should be extended across tho that can see only the purlieus of Delaware Mr. WENTWORTH. Will the gentleman, continent. This proposition, as I have been incounty or other places. What does not affect as he has sent me his book, allow me to quote

forined, remained open till January, 1800, this com

pany, however, retaining the right to adopt other them cannot affect the great questions of legis- || it to him?

measures in the mean time to insure the construction lation. There are none such here of the latter Mr. STEVENS. Certainly.

of the road. kind. I refer to that siniply as illustration. Mr. WENTWORTH. It has been publicly Pending these negotiations with the representa

tives of this foreign corporation the subject was pre[Laughter.] Now, let us see how we can look stated in this House that one of the Smiths

sented to the consideration of leading capitalists of over this whole nation, from the Pacific to the living in Vermont was president of this road. New England and other parts of the country, and Atlantic ocean, and not inquire how this par- This book which is sent to me as official ani

they were strongly urged to engage in the enterprise,

and thus save it either from utter failure from want ticular measure affects my village or my con- thority ought to state the truth, and here I see of funds or from passing into the control of foreign stituents alone, but how it affects this great that Mr. Perham is president.

capitajists. nation and posterity; for this is a subject Mr. STEVENS. “Will the gentleman allow

The subject received a favorable consideration at

the hands of these gentlemen, and they manifested a worthy to command a consideration of this me to finish the record by comments?

willingness to become identified with the enterprise, kind; and when that is done, and the facts Mr. WENTWORTH. You sent me this as provided the management of tho company could bo which have been grossly perverted by gentle- || the record.

placed in the hands of gentlemen whom they might

sclect, and in whom they had confidence, men wbo have made their speeches here shall Mr. STEVENS. I sent you the commence- The gentlemen now composing the new directors be put right before this House, I shall willingly ment of it.

were selected by capitalists of Boston all elsewhere leave it to the cool and sober judgment and Mr. WENTWORTH. Send me the true

to take the management of the company,

The new board were asked to relieve the old board candid action of this American Congress, and llone, the last edition. [Laughter.]

from the legal liabilities of the company, for some of which they had become personally holden, and to I knew less about it if possible than some of steam. Rome built her solid roads which have mako immediate provision for the more pressing of

these gentlemen who are now opposing the stood until this day, her Appian and other ways, these claims. An arrangement was accordingly made by which the new board stipulated to provide the

road. (Laughter.] But, sir, I did devote con- leading from her great city to her provinces so means to pay such liabilities as were justly due from siderable labor; I waded through all I could that people might be induced to settle there, the company to an amount not exceeding $150,000.

find on the subject; the explorations of Lewis because of the means afforded them to bring This agrcement has, so far as my knowledge extends, been faithfully executed. There was no bonus

and Clark, the surveys of General Stevens, | their products to market at small cost. required, and none in any form paid. or agreed to be down to the latest and most interesting explo- And what has really settled the great State of päid, for the surrender of the franchise, nor for any transfer of the management, nor for any purpose

Illinois but her system of railroads, her means rations of Captain Mullin. whatever.

I there learned, what I have hoped all know of communication with the Atlantic sea-board, 4. In reply to the fourth inquiry, I would say that but what I was late in learning, that there was where her people can find a market? Who iminediately after assuming the duties of their ap

in those Territories land enough uninhabited, would have gone there had their products been pointment, and with a view to save the charter and provide the means for the carly prosecution of the

where scarcely a white man's foot had ever given no opening to market, her corn worth work, the new directors conferred with leading capi- || trod, to make eleven States, each equal in size but ten cents per bushel, and cheaper to hurn talists and financial men of the country, asking their opinion as to the probable prospect of obtaining the

to the State in which I reside, and that of those as fuel than to transport to market? When necessary fund upon the stock of tho company based

eleven States eight at least would each contain markets are opened where products will realize upon the land grant.

more arable land and land more fertile than a fair price, people will settle there rapidly. The uniform opinion of financial men was, that with the amount of securities upon the market offer

the great State of Pennsylvania. It is true that And one of the main objects I have in moving ing a moro desirable investment, it would be impos- in some of them there are many mountains, this substitute is to settle this country along sible to obtain the funds necessary to justify under- that there is much barren land; but not more this road. Give to this railroad the means of taking the work. The result of this consultation was, that if the Government would lend its aid in some

proportian to the whole area than there is living for a little while, of commencing to draw form of guarantee for a limited period, the stock in Pennsylvania and Virginia. And those very her breath until she reaches a vigorous youth, would acquire a value, and capitalists would thereby mountains, like the mountains of my own State, then she will go on herself and pay her parents be induced to invest, and the work might be undertaken with confidence in the ability of the company

are the most interesting and valuable portions | all her expenses; and she will people this whole to prosecute it with vigor and economy.

of the whole territory. My own State, filled country. To raise the funds for this purpose, and to afford a with coal and other minerals, is very hilly and Mr. Speaker, I happen to know the fact that basis of credit with which the company may construct its road and thus develop not only its own resources

mountainous. Yet those very barren hills, a part of the scheme of this company is to but in a much higher degree the wealth of the coun- every acre of them, are worth more than five || bring into that region forthwith from Europe try, we ask the temporary aid of the Government in times the number of acres in the grand val- immigrants, first as laborers to build the railthe present form, confidently believing in the ability of the company to repay fully all that may be ad

ley in which I reside, and which is the most road, and second as settlers on the land, which vanced by the Government, not only in kind but fertile and grain growing, I believe, of any in they will purchase as payment for their labor. many fold in the incidental benefits which will result the Union.

A gentleman of Boston, one of the men named to our common country and to the world. I have the honor to be, dear sir, very respectfully,

And so it is with the very broken land, which in this bill, one of the largest shipping meryour obedient servant,

is not arable, in the Territories to be traversed chants in the United States-I need not menJ. GREGORY SMITH. by this railroad. Those barren hills are filled tion his name-informed me that he was along President Northern Pacific Railroad.

with still more valuable minerals. Gold is making preparations to send a line of vessels Hon. THADDEUS STEVENS, M. C.

yielded, not only in the sands of the rivers to the north of Europe, to bring from GerMr. WENTWORTH. Allow me to ask a according to the Scriptures, but it is also found måny, from Norway, from Scotland, this very question. I understand that there are two in the solid rock, and silver is found there in season, a large number of immigrants to settle bills before us. This subject comes before us, veins, pervading a larger portion of that terri- || upon that land, the climate of which is contherefore, in two shapes. The gentleman is tory than any other portion of'the United States. | genial with that in which they were raised and speaking to one of these bills. If he means And if I have not allowed my imagination to which they prefer; so that if this bill should the substitute, that substitute says three fourths delude iny judgment I declare to you that I pass it would not only be the means of securing of the directors shall be American citizens. believe this is the richest mineral region upon the construction of this railroad, but it would Now, then, if the other quarter can be British the face of the globe, and that it contains more establish a line of packets which would popucapitalists they can own the whole of the stock. solid acres of gold and silver and cinnebar and late that country with the hardy freemen of ile They can let Americans in as stool-pigeons | the other precious metals than any other like north of Europe, inen who will always be upon and run it as an English institution.

portion not only of the United States but of the side of freedom, who will always be ready Mr. STEVENS. I understand the gentle- the world. I may be mistaken, but I challenge to aid us in any rebellious outbreaks which man's question to be an argument.

those who have read and examined the author. may come upon us from other quarters. Sir, Mr. WENTWORTH. An argument based ities to contradict me by known facts, and not God grant that we may soon till up that country on which way you answer the question. by any imaginary statement of facts.

with such a population that, with the people Mr. STEVENS. Well, if the gentleman Now, there is northward of the forty-fifth of the great North, may be a counterpoise to cannot decide that for himself, I will take it | parallel of latitude, and south of the British- the rebellious South, whose representatives into consideration and give him an answer at American line, territory sufficient to make when they come here will never permit us to another time.

more than eight States, each equal to Penn- do anything which may interfere with their Mr. Speaker, that letter dispels most of the sylvania, more than an average portion of projects. Sir, you must carry out this grand scandal, most of the fiery denunciation of the which, a great deal more than an average measure now if you are to do it ever. two gentlemen from Illinois, (Mr. Wentworth || portion of which, compared with the State And, sir, when you thus fill up that grand and Mr. WASHBURNE,) and still more that of of Pennsylvania, is arable and fertile land. I country, what have you done? You have furthe gentleman from Ohio, [Mr. Delano.] It had supposed that it was a barren waste until nished for this nation the productive industry takes from them, I think, the whole of the I had informed myself, as I supposed it to be of millions. You have furnished for the prodbasis of their remarks.

my duty, by examining the subject. But I ucts of the manufacturing portions of the counI desire, however, before I proceed further, find that the soil is more fertile than that of try an outlet to that great region. God grant to call upon the gentleman from Massachusetts the beautiful garden spot of my own county, that men who represent here the great manu[Mr. BANKS) to say if he is acquainted with | although that is highly cultivated. Along the facturing States, such as my own, where the some of these men and what are their char

Red river settlements, wherever the country loom and the anvil and the spindle are heard, acters.

has been opened, to the Selkirk settlements, may fully realize the bearings of this question, Mr. BANKS. I would rather not answer spring wheat will produce at the rate of sixty and understand how by voting against this I propose to speak on the subject, and

bushels to the acre, a thing unheard of in measure from merely captious and narrow conwould like to say a few words at the close on Pennsylvania and in most of the States of siderations, they assist to crush their own peothat subject.

this Union. The smaller kind of corn will ple and the interests of the nation. Mr. STEVENS. Very well. I will give the yield from sixty to ninety bushels to the acre, But sir, by the passage of this ineasure, we gentleman an opportunity before the expiration and in grass the country is not rivaled by any not only help to fill up that country with a popof my time.

portion of this Union. Now, I assert I am ulation of which I doubt not we shall be proud, Having shown who the present corporators giving no overdrawn picture, unless those who but we aid in establishing across this continent are, men I will venture to say, from what I have dwelt there for years, and who are my a great thoroughfare between India and Asia have learned from good authority, who are in- guides, have misled me,

and the millions of Europe. None of the great ferior to no set of men in the United States for Now that is a country that is wholly unsettled. thoroughfares of communication with Asia or energy and for skill in railroading, or for honor | And that is the reason urged by my most re- India ever carried half the wealth that would and integrity; having shown that this corpora- | spected friend from Illinois (Mr. WASHBURNE] be carried upon this grand thoroughfare, starttion is a true and vital corporation, let us pro- for not building this railroad ; the country is not ing not simply from Boston or Portland, but ceed to inquire whether the object is worthy of settled, is not developed. Hence, I suppose starting from Philadelphia, from New York, the bill which we have before us.

be thinks it never should be. Sir, it is because || and every enterprising sea-port of the country I confess, sir, with some degree of humilia- it is not settled that I am in favor of aiding the and extending in the direction I have mention that until it became my duty, two years construction of this railroad. These very rail- tioned. ago, as chairman of the Committee on the roads are in modern times the great civilizers, By such a measure as this, sir, we bind toPacific Railroad, to examine thoroughly into the great means for promoting the population | gether our nation, because by it the countless this question, I was in a deplorable state of of a country.

millions which would soon swarm into that ignorance with regard to the great interests of And roads were used for this purpose in an: western world would be united by bonds of the Northwest to be affected by this project. cient times, though not railroads operated by ll interest-of affection I hope, but certainly of

now.

sea,

interest, which is stronger-with those of the wagon road from Sacramento to the valley of I will not pursue the subject. I hope the gen. East, so that in the next half century, when this Nevada paying tolls on supplies from miners tleman from Massachusetts [Mr. BANKS] will couutry shall count its hundreds of millions of of over one million dollars. When this railroad

answer the question I put to him in regard to inhabitants, no man shall wish to break loose | gets into the valley of Nevada it will pay three these incorporators, and for that purpose I

from this great nation, this brotherhood of times the amount suggested. Making one yield to him the residue of my time. freemen. Is there nothing in a consideration hundred miles off or two hundred miles off Mr. BANKS. I did not exactly understand

like this? Cannot my friends around me real- you strike the head waters of the Missouri, the question which the gentleman from Pennize its force?

and I say that the carrying trade-not to speak | sylvania put to me. I know, sir, that some western people think of emigration—that the carrying trade to sup- Mr. STEVENS. The gentleman has heard there can be no western railroad unless it starts ply the miners of that country will pay twenty- read the names of the directors of this road, froia Chicago. That is a narrow view. I do five per cent. three times over. Gentlemen many of whom are from his own State. I wish not expect this railroad to start from Lancas- delude themselves, and try to delude others, to know the character and standing of those ter or pass through Lancaster. I should be when they talk of loss to the Government. It | gentlemen in that community. ashamed if any such motive should influence will be recollected all these things are in the Mr. BANKS. They are certainly most my vote upon this great question. But I do || amendment I have proposed.

excellent men, among the best representatives know that when this immense commerce comes This is a road which will run all the year of the people of the East, and especially of upon those great inland lakes, a series of lakes unobstructed by snow. Among the informa- the city of Boston. There are no more honormore grand than the Baltic and the Black tion I obtained when I was chairman of the || able men in this country; no men more inter

it will distribute itself according to the committee was that the buffalo went there to ested in the welfare of the Government and of enterprise and necessities of the different sec- spend the winter to get away from the Black the people. tions of the country. Some will go to Cleve- hills where they staid formerly. I learned I could not, sir, in answering a question like land; some will go to Erie; some will go to that at Walla Walla, in forty-six degrees, the this, express the views which I entertain of the Buffalo; some will pass on below; and what mean temperature was precisely like that of interests of the eastern people in the compleis left will go to Ogdensburg and thence find Washington. In the Willamette valley, in tion of this work which has been under discus. its way across New England. I perhaps ought forty-eight degrees, it was precisely that of sion; but if the House will allow me a little not to speak thus loudly of a section of our Philadelphia in forty degrees. And so on. time, I should like to make some suggestions. country which somc have threatened to leave I am afraid that there is not time enough Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I hope out in the cold.” But it will affect them all. left for the gentleman from Massachusetts. the House will give the gentleman full time; The far-seeing men of that region are willing | Mr. Speaker, how much time have I left? and will also give time to some gentleman to take their chance.

The SPEAKER. Ten minutes.

upon the other side to answer him. It extends the great thoroughfares from Erie, Mr. STEVENS. Now, sir, here is a road Mr. PRICE. The only objection to that is, from Cleveland, from Chicago. We judge it that certainly never can be obstructed by suow. that we must take the vote on this question will establish such a system of railroads as It is a singular contrivance of nature that when || to-night. will be iu the interest of the whole country. you reach about the forty-seventh degree of Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. So I say.

Gentlemen talk about speculators and about north latitude there is a relaxation of cold, and Let us vote now. particular sections. They would warp this

but down to a speculation for building, ap a par- it is a fact, that more than four or five degrees | sachusetts [Mr. BANKS] has three minutes ticular section of the country. It is nothing of latitude below that it is much colder than remaining of the time of the gentleman from of the kind.

it is there. It is accounted for, as we all know, Pennsylvania. Mr. Speaker, I am not well, and I am afraid || by the warm breezes from the Pacific ocean Mr. BANKS. I do not accept that. I desire that I have been somewhat diffuse. A man is on that side of the mountains; and those to say to this House that both of my colleagues always diffuse when he is feeble, and always | extraordinary contrivances of nature, the hot who represent the city of Boston are absent. feeble when he is diffuse. [Laughter.] springs, boiling at one hundred and twenty | Scarcely a speaker has discussed this question

Now let me proceed with the consideration | degrees during the whole year, some of them who has not more or less directly referred to of this bill. Two years ago a munificent ten acres in surface, and heaped together for the capitalists of Boston, and especially to the grant of uncultivated lands was made to this about one hundred miles, so that the snow never men who are officially or personally interested company. What did we grant? Nothing at lies upon the ground there. There the buffalo in this road. It would be a very unjust record all. By our general law any man could go

finds a winter home. There the grass grows to go to the country if no voice from that State and take up any one of those sections without all winter; and there he lives and feeds when should be heard in explanation of the position paying a dollar. We only aggregated on the driven from other and more southern latitudes. which those gentlemen occupy, and I think that same terms what individuals might take up. These are strange facts to those who have not the gentleman who has this measure in charge We granted to this corporation what each examined into this matter. A gentleman who might at least allow time for that. individnally could have taken for himself under has resided at the Dalles for seven years told The SPEAKER. Is there objection to exour preëmption laws. When we grant lands me that last year from the mouth of Columbia || tending the time of the gentleman from Masto, railroad companies we are not granting river to his place; a distance of two hundred sachusetts ? anything the Government has, because the and fifty miles, there was no obstruction to the Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. Yes, sir; Government gives it to every man who goes navigation of that river by ice. No wonder I object. there.

that my respectable colleague is afraid of Mr. PRICE. I want to say to the House They say by this bill we are incurring great rivalry with Philadelphia where the river is that after the previous question shall be susliabilities. What are they? The amendment obstructed four or five times every year by ice. || tained, if members are willing to remain here of the bill provides that when they have twenty- Sir, do not be afraid of such rivalry. You longer, I will yield to the gentleman from Masfive miles of the road built, and only then, shall have a noble city if you have noble men. But sachusetts [Mr. Banks] nearly the whole of the the Government guaranty any money. When I predict that when this road is built the city | hour to which I shall be entitled. I have no disthey have built twenty-five more we are to guar- of Superior, at the head of Lake Superior, || position myself to discuss this matter further. anty more. We only guaranty the payment will be the great city of the West; for it will Mr. COÑKLING. Has the gentleman any of interest as the road is constructed. At the have behind it eight States of fertile land and objection to allowing the gentleman from Mas. end of twenty years all liability is to cease. noble and industrious freemen. I do not say sachusetts to proceed at his pleasure now, he This road will pay every dollar of interest by that it will be grander, but it will be just as having the floor when the gentleman concludes? tolls alone. If it does not the Secretary is grand as other cities. Chicago will always be The SPEAKER. The gentleman from Illiauthorized at the end of ninety days to sell the a noble and grand city; Philadelphia will be a nois objects to that. land.

grand city, but that also will be a great city. Mr. CONKLING. It is not a point for obThe gentleman from Illinois caviled in ref- Now, sir, I want the Central road built; but jection. If the gentleman from Iowa does not erence to the section granting a relief from we have already appropriated largely for that; claim the floor the gentleman from Massachu. taxation for two years. In the substitute I have and I cannot understand how men who live setts can be recognized and can speak at his stricken it out. It provides that all the direct- along that route, and are to be benefited by it, Il pleasure. ors shall be citizens of the United States. The can oppose this road. My friend from the Mr. PRICE. I do not wish to shield mygentleman is afraid we will have foreign capital Cleveland district (Mr. SPALDING] has made self behind the objection of the gentleman in it. I hope we will get capital from Frank- violent opposition to this bill on the ground from Illinois. There are fifty members upon fort, for by the contraction of currency which of a want of funds. I thought I heard him this floor who have been urging me to bring has been provided for at this session we may the other day advocating an appropriation of this matter to a vote to-day. Now, when the need it. It is provided in the amendment that $6,000,000 for the construction of a ship-canal previous question shall have been sustained, I the Government shall be called upon to guar- around the falls of Niagara. Our fur.ds have shall have an hour in which to close the debate, anty for the first year fifty miles, for the sec- fallen off very much since that time, which and if members are willing to remain here Í ond year one hundred and fifty, third year three was not a week ago. I find, also, that my am perfectly willing to give the gentleman from hundred and fifty, and in 1870, five hundred friend from the Chicago district [Mr. WENT- Massachusetts nearly all my time. [Several and fifty. If they cannot be called upon faster WORTH] is willing to take $13,000,000 from the

MEMBERS,

" That is right.”] Then I now than that, why no one will doubt that by 1870 Treasury for the Illinois canal. There is money demand the previous question on the bill. • the whole will be paid. The most that any enough for that purpose; and that was an ab- Mr. SPALDING. I move to lay the bill

moment can be charged is $1,000,000. Yet solute grant; whereas this is merely a grant of and the pending amendments upon the table, they talk of $60,000,000 or $70,000,000. credit.

and upon that motion I demand'the yeas and I know, from a distinguished source, of a Mr. Speaker, my time is very nearly up, and nays.

The SPEAKER. The gentleman from Iowa son, Perham, Price, John II. Rice, Rogers, Rollins,

ENROLLED BILL SIGNED. [Mr. PRICE] is entitled to one hour to close Rousseau, Stevens, Trowbridge, Upson, Burt Van llorn, Robert T. Van llorn, Warner, William B.

Mr. TROWBRIDGE, from the Committee She debate upon this bill. The Digest says,

Washburn, James F. Wilson, Windoin, and Wood- on Enrolled Bills, reported that the Committee " The right of the member reporting the pend- bridge-56.

had examined and found truly enrolled joint ing measure is never denied him, even after NOT VOTING-Messrs. Alley, James M. Ashley, the previous question is ordered." The genBaldwin, Barker, Llaine, Brandegee, Broomall, Cof

resolution (S. R. No. 56) authorizing the Secfroth, Culver, Davis, Dawson, Dixon, Eckley, Eliot, retary of the Treasury to adjust the claims of tleman from Iowa, having demanded the pre- Garfield, Goodyear, llart, Hill, Hogan, Holmes, vious question, is about to close the debate Hooper, Demas llubbard, Ecwin N. lIubbell, James

Beals & Dixon against the United States; which Humphrey, Ingersoll, Johnson, Jones, Kerr, McCul- was thereupon signed by the Speaker. efter the previous question has been seconded

lough, McIndoc, Mercur, Noell, O'Neill. Paine, and the inain question ordered. But in the Phelps, Pomeroy, Radford, Raymond, Alexander

ORDER OF PROCEEDING TO-MORROW. mean time the gentleman from Ohio [Mr. SPAL

H. Rice, Schenck, Sitgreaves, Sloan, Smith, Starr,
Strouse,' John L. Thomas, Trimble, Van Acrnaın,

Mr. STEVENS. I move that the session DING] moves to lay the bill, with the pending

Welker, Whaley, and Stephen F. Wilson-51. of to-morrow be devoted exclusively to debate amendments, upon the table.

So the motion to lay on the table was

as in Committee of the Whole on the state of Mr. PRICE. Is that motion in order?

the Union upon the President's message. agreed to. The SPEAKER. It is, and it has priority During the roll-call,

The motion was agreed to. of the demand for the previous question. Mr. BLAINE said: I have paired on all

LEAVE OF ABSENCE. Mr. PRICE. Can he make that motion after

votes relating to this question, with Mr. John the previous question has been demanded ?

Mr. HALE asked and obtained leave of L. THOMAS. If he were here he would vote The SPEALER. He can; but the gentle

absence for two weeks. man from low could have gone on and spoken

against the bill, and I would vote for it. his hour, if he had retained the floor, upon Mr. ELIOT said: I have paired with Mr.

E. WOODWARD AND G. CHORPEXNING. Dixon; he is opposed to the bill, and I am in moving the previous question.

Mr. HUBBARD, of Iowa, by unanimous favor of it. Mr. WASHBURNÉ, of Illinois. I submit

consent, reported from the Committee on In

Mr. CHANLER said: My colleagnie, Mr. that a motion to lay upon the table is not

dian Affairs a joint resolution for the relief debatable.

HUBBELL, is paired with Mr. Baldwin for of Elizabeth Woodward and George Chorpen

two weeks. The SPEAKER. That motion is not de

ning, and moved that the same be printed and

Mr. MYERS said: My colleague, Mr. batable; but the gentleman from lowa stated

recommitted. O'Neill, is paired with Mr. SITGREAVES; Mr. distinctly to the House that he intended to

The motion was agreed to. O'Neill would vote for the bill if he were here, move the previous question, and after it should

Mr. HUBBARD, of Iowa, moved to reconand Mr. SITGREAVES would vote against it. be sustainel to yield some of his time to the

sider the vote by which the joint resolution gentleman from Massachusetts, [Mr. Banks,] | Smiru, who is called out of the House on

Mr. WHALEY said: I have paired with Mr.

was recommitted; and also moved that the whom many members of the House desired to

motion to reconsider be laid on the table. important business; he is in favor of the bill, hear. That was distinctly understood; and if

The latter motion was agreed to. while I am opposed to it. the motion to lay on the table fail, he will have Mr. ANCONA said: My colleague, Mr.

REGULATION OF IMMIGRATION. a right, after the previous question shall be Dawson, is paired with Mr. HUBBARD, of New

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois, reported, sustained, to the floor for one hour to close the York.

from the Committee on Commerce, a bill (H. debate, and can then yield it.

Mr. INGERSOLL said: I am paired with R. No. 481) entitled " An act to amend an act The reason for this rule is, that during a debate, which the member who has charge of

Mr. WALKER; he is opposed to the bill, and entitled 'An act to encourage immigration,'
I am in favor of it.

approved July 4, 1864, and an act entitled 'An a bill allows to run on for hours, and some

The result of the vote was announced as act to regulate the carriage of passengers in times days, so that all may be heard for and above.

steamships and other vessels,' approved March against the bill, some other member might

Nr. SPALDING moved to reconsider the | 3, 1857, and for other purposes. move the previous question; and if the one in

vote by which the bill was laid on the table; The question being on ordering the bill to charge of the bill had not the right to close the

and also moved that the motion to reconsider be engrossed and read a third time, debate, he would be cut off from making any be laid on the table.

Mr. SPALDING moved that the House reply to the arguments of those who were op

Pending which,

adjourn. posed to the bill; and therefore, under sucMr. DARLING moved that the House do

RECONSTRUCTION-TENNESSEE. cessive rulings of the Speakers of the House,

now adjourn. the rule has grown up that, no matter by whom

Mr. ROSS. I rise to a privileged motion.

The question was taken ; and upon a division I understood the Chair to have decided the the previous question may be moved, the one in charge of the bill would still have the right there were-ayes 52, noes 69.

other day that we could get rid of and slough

Before the result of the vote was announced, to close the debate.

off this dead and putrid committee of fifteen,

Mr. LYNCH called for the yeas and nays. That, however, does not cut off the right of

which has now become a stench in the nosany member who may obtain the floor to move

The yeas and nays were ordered.

trils of the nation. As the cholera is coming, to lay the bill on the table, althongh it is not

The question was taken; and it was decided and we should abate such nuisancesvery often done under the circumstances, at

in the negative-yeas 57, nays 70, not voting The SPEAKER. The Chair has not made the end of a debate, till the member reporting 56; as follows:

any such decision nor used any such language. the bill, and who has allowed the debate on

YEAS–Messrs. Alley, Allison, Ames.. Anderson, Mr. ROSS. Well, I desire to call up the

Delos R. Ashley, Banks, Baxter, Beaman, Bergen, both sides, has made his closing speech. Bidwell, Bingham, Boutwell, Reader W. Clarke,

motion to reconsider the vote by which the Mr. PRICE. Have I the right to the floor

Darling. Dawes. Dodge, Donnelly, Driggs, Ferry, joint resolution in reference to the State of

Grinnell, Griswold, Hale. Harris, lenderson, Higby, for an hour, as the one who has charge of this

Tennessee was recommitted to the committee Asahel W. Hubbard, Chester D. Hubbard, Hulburd, bill, notwithstanding the motion to lay it on Ingersoll, Kelso, Laflin, Loan, Longyear, Lynch,

of fifteen. the table?

Marston, Marvin. MeClurg, Mckee, McRucr, Miller, The SPEAKER. The gentleman cannot call The SPEAKER.

Myers, Niblack, Patterson, Perhom, Price, Jolin H.
No, sir; the motion to

that motion now.

up Rice, Rogers, Rollins Stevens, TrowbridgeUpson: | pendency of the motion to adjourn; in the

In the first place, the lay on the table cuts off all debate. The question was upon ordering the yeas and

James F. Wilson, Windom, and Woodbridge-57. second place, the unfinished business, the bill

NAYS-Messrs. Ancona, Baker. Benjamin, Blow, nays upon the motion of Mr. Spalding to lay

just reported from the Committee on ComBoyer, Bromwell, Buckland, Bundy, Chanler, Sidney the bill and pending amendments on the table. Clarke, Cobb, Conkling, Cook, Cullom, Defrees, De- merce; and in the third place, the special order The yeas and nays were ordered.

lano, Deming, Denison, Dumont, Eggleston, Eld- after the morning hour, the Army bill, all preThe question was taken; and it was decided

ridge. Farquhar, Finck. Glossbrenner, Grider, Aaron vent that motion to reconsider being called up

Harding, Abner C. IIardins, Hayes, Hotchkiss, John in the affirmative-yeas 76, nays 56, not voting II. Hubbard, James R. llubbell, James M. Hum

now. 51; as follows:

phrey, Jenckes, Julian, Kasson, Ketcham, Latham, Mr. ROSS. Well, then, I give notice that

George V. Lawrence, Willian Lawrence, Le Blond, YEAS-Messrs. Ancona, Baker, Benjamin, Bergen, Marshall, Moorhead. Morrill, Morris, Moulton, Nich

I shall call it up at some other time. Blow, Boyer, Bromwell, Buckland, Bundy, Chanler, olson, Orth. Pike, Samuel J. Randall, William H.

The SPEAKER. The question is on the Reader W. Clarke, Cobb, Conkling. Cook, Cullom, Randall, Ritter, Ross, Sawyer, Scotield, Shanklin, motion of the gentleman from Ohio, [Mr. SPALDefrees, Delano, Deming, Denison Dumont, Eggles- Shellabarger. Spalding, Taber, Taylor, Thayer, Frantou), Eldridge, Farnsworth, Farquhar, l'inck, Gloss

DING,] that the House adjourn. cis Thomas, Thornton, Ward. Elihu B. Washburne, brenner, Grider, Hale, Aaron urding, Abner C. Henry D. Washburn, William B. Washburn, Went

The motion was agreed to; and thereupon Harding, Hayes, John H. IIubbard, James R. Iub- worth, Williams, Winfield, and Wright-70.

(at ten minutes after five o'clock p. m.) the bell, James M. Ilumphrey, Jenckes, Julian, Kasson, NOT VOTING-Messrs. James M. Ashley, Bald- House adjourned. Ketchan, Liatham, George V. Lawrence, William win, Barker, Blainc, Brandegee, Broomall. Coffroth, • Lawrence, Le Blond, Marshall,

Miller, Moorhead, Culver, Davis, Dawson, Dixon, Eckley, Eliot, FarnsMorrill, Morris, Moulton, Newell, Niblack, Nichol- worth, Garfield, Goodyear, llart, Hill, Hogan, son, Orth, Pike, Plants, Samuel J. Raudall, William Holmes, Hooper, Demas Hubbard, Edwin N. Hub

PETITIONS, ETC.
H. Randall, Ritter, Ross, Sawyer,
Shank- bell. James Humphrey, Johnson, Jones. Kelley.

The following petitions, &c., were presented under Jin, Shellabarger, Spalding, Stilwell, Taber, Taylor, Kuykendall, McCullough, McIndoc, Mercur, New- the rule and referred to the appropriate comunittees: Thayer, Francis Thomas, Thornton, Wardi, Elibu B. ell, Noell, O'Neill. Paine, Phelps, Plants, Pomeroy, By Mr. ALLEY: The petition of David and BenWashburne, llenry D. Washburn, Wentworth, Wil- Radford, Raymond, Alexander II. Rice, Rousseau, jamin Low, for a new

register to the schooner N. W. liais, Winfield and Wright-76.

Schenck, Sitgreaves, Sloan, Smith, Starr, Stilwell, Rowe. NAYS-Messrs. Allison, Ames, Anderson, Delos R. Strouse, John L. Thomas, Trimble, Van Aernam, By Mr. BEAMAN: The petition of Robert Laird, Ashley, Banks, Baxter, Beamar, Bidwell, Bingham, Welker, Whaley, and Stephen F. Wilson-56.

and 85 others, citizens of Hillsdale county, Michigan, Boutwell. Sidney Clarke, Darling, Dawes, Dodge, Donnelly, Driggs, Ferry, Grinnell, Griswold, Harris,

So the motion to adjourn was not agreed to.

praying for increased duties on all foreign unwashed

wool. II enderson, Fligby, Ilotukiss, Asabel W. llubbard, Chester 1). Ilubbarri, Hubaril, Kelley, Kelso, Kny

The question then recurring on the motion By Mr. BROOMALL: The petition of 400 citizens kendall, Latin, Loan, Longyenr, Lynch, Marston, to lay on the table the motion to reconsider, it

of Delaware county, Pennsylvania, isking for such

chango in the tariff and internal revenuelaiva as will Marvin, McClurg, Mckee, McRuer, Myers, Paiter- was agreoi to.

protect American industry from foreign competition and relieve the manufacturing and laboring interests population in the eleven confederate States is desire to use it. For the perpetuation of the of the country from the existing depression. By Mr. CULLOM: The petition of Ilon. George N.

5,097,524. Deducting from this amount the Union? I fear not. They have come back to Minier, and numerous others, citizens of Tazewell estimated number of loyal peoplein those States, the Union, we should remember, only by coercounty, Illinois, asking for protection of American and adding the disloyal scattered through the cion. To them it is a forced bridal. They subwool. By Mr. DEFREES: A petition from the citizens of

other five slave States, will give the answer to mit to it, but they do not, because they cannot, Elkhart county, Indiana, on thesubject of inter-State my question. Making this deduction and addi- || embrace it in their hearts. The soldiers maimed, insurance companies for the protection of all classes tion from the most reliable data within my reach, wives widowed, and children orphaned in their of property, Also, a petition from citizens of Whitley county,

I conclude that the disloyal population in the bad cause, appeal to their leaders for the promIndiana, directed to the Coinmittee of Ways and whole South will not exceed, if indeed it will ised support, but the Union has no pensions Means, asking that “all medicines or preparations | equal, five million in all.

for them. The fortunes invested in confederate of the United States or other national Pharmacopeia, &c., be placed in the free list.”.

If the eleven confederate States were readmit- || faith see no hope of realization in the Union. By Mr. EGGLESTON: The petition of L. P. Bent- ted now (the Constitution and laws remaining | Hatred of the North and its anti-slavery maley, apd 80 others, post office route agents, of Ohio, unamended) what amount of representation in jorities, the original motive for secession, is praying for an increase of coinpensation. By Mr. HOLMES: The remonstrance of John C.

Congress and the Electoral College would this ten times stronger now than in 1861, and is Churchill, and others, citizens of Oswego county, New five million be entitled to claim? They would backed up by $4,000,000,000 of debt, dainYork. against the passage of the bill reorganizing the certainly have these eleven States. There could ages, and pensions, which, as they insist, judiciary. By Mr.J.M.HUMPHREY: A petition for the pas

hardly be a doubt about Kentucky. For if the could, in a separate government, be levied by sage of a uniform insurance law.

loyal men of that State, sustained by the power an export duty upon the cotton-consuming Also, a memorial of the brewers of Buffalo, New of the Federal Army and the persuasion of || world. The life-habits of these people, their York, asking for the reduction of the taritf on barley imported from Canada,

Federal patronage, with the young disunionists love of ease and domination, their pride, arisAlso, the petitions of James M. Smith, William J. absent in the South and the old ones disfran- tocracy, wealth, and power were all the outMcek, and others, for American registers to vessels chised at home, could scarcely hold their own, growth of an institution which might possibly N. C. Ford and J. S. Austin. Also, the petition of A. Sherwood, and others, for

what could we expect them to do when these | be revived in a separate republic, but which is repayment to them of duties improperly collected. young men have returned, the disfranchising forever gone in the Union. “Confederacy!' By Mr. KELLEY: The petition of eight leading

laws have been swept away, the Army removed | is a word that must long be enshrined in their firmsin manufacturing of'machinery, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, praying Congress to so modify the tax

or palsied by orders, and Federal patronage at mearts by the tender memories of their fallen ation on manufactured machinery as to bear equally least uncertain? This would give them twenty. kindred, but it must live, as they well know, on all productions when ready for final consumption; four Senators. There are four more States in the history, traditions, and ballads of the and in order to arrive at a true basis of taxation, each producer should be taxcd only upon the additional

that belonged to the slaveholding class. Dela- Union, associated with perjury, dishonorable value which he adds to the thing taxed, as indicated ware, Maryland, West Virginia, and Missouri. crime, and cruel war. If they should profess by its subsequent sale: also that an equivalent duty Is it any stretch of probabilities to suppose that to love the Union we could not believe them. be imposed upon foreign productions of the same description.

two more Senators will be picked up some- It is so unnatural that it would be easier to Also, the memorial of 34 citizens, of Philadelphia, where in these four States by the confederate | believe they were hypocrites than that they Pennsylvania, respectfully praying that Congress will element? I fear there will be more. This will were monsters. enact such just and equal laws for the regulation of inter-State insurances of all kinds as may be effectual give them twenty-six Senators.

But they are neither hypocrites nor monin establishing the greatest security for the interests In the House of Representatives this popie sters. They do not love the Union, and do protected by policies, and promotive of the greatest lation will bave as large, if not larger, propor- not pretend to. It is untruthful men of our good and convenience to all concerned in such transactions.

tionate representation. By the apportionment own section that prevaricate for them. The By Mr. KETCIIAM: The petition of citizens of Red of 1861, fifty-eight Representatives were assigned same class of men that misrepresented the fecl. Hook, Dutchess county, New York, asking for in- to the eleven confederate States. These States ings of the North before the war, and thus creased protection on American wool. By Mr. MORRILL: A petition of dealers in leaf

will be so districted by the hostile sentiment of deceived the South and goaded them into retobacco and inanufacturers of cigars, of Allentown, their several Legislatures that not one true bellion, now misrepresent the feelings of the Lebigh county, Pennsylvania, asking for increased Union man can be elected. To the other five Sonth to deceive the North and lure it into tariff on imported cigars, namely, to inake uniform rate on all cigars and fix the tarif at three dollars

slaveholding States twenty-six were assigned irretrievable surrender. Before the war they per pound and fifty per cent, ad valorem,

by the act of 1801. If any one will take the deceived the South and betrayed the Nortlı; By Mr. PLANTS: The petition of 200 citizens of

trouble to look over these districts, I think he but now it is reversed, they deceive the North Washington and Noble counties, Ohio, for a mail route from Beverly, in Washington county, to Sharon,

will come to the conclusion that even if the land betray the loyal South. The same perfidi. in Noble county:

laws disfranchising rebels in Maryland, West ous breath that carried South the untruthful By Mr. VAN HORN, of New York: The petition Virginia, and Missouri remain in force, not less story of northern hate, and thus prompted of A. G, Gaze, supervisor of the town of Alabaina, Greene county, New York, for money paid for men

than half of these will be controlled by the in- | the war, comes back now with another story, twice under the call for troops.

fluence and votes of the late secessionists. This equally untruthful, of southern love. They tell By Mr. WILLIAMS: A memorial of wool-growers

gives them seventy-one Representatives in the us that the disloyal South is a gentle bride, of Butler county, Pennsylvania, praying for increase of duty on foreign wools.

House. But even this large number must soon impatient for the nuptials, when they know

be increased. The two fifths of the four mil- that she submits to them with loathing. Have HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.

lion freedmen which were not counted in the | they not laid down their arms? is the argument

representative basis of the last census must be ative inquiry. No, sir; their arms were taken SATURDAY, April 28, 1866.

counted in the census of 1870, and (other things froin them. Have they not submitted? No, The House met at twelve o'clock m. Prayer | remaining the same) add to that number thir- sir; they were defeated in battle. There is by the Chaplain, Rev. C. B. Boynton.

teen members more; so that the five inillion nothing in their past conduct nor present attiThe Journal of yesterday was read and disloyal population, as soon as their full power tude that justifies the use of the word submisapproved.

can be felt through the elections, will have at sion. Prisoners of war have been taken, but ORDER OF BUSINESS.

least twenty-six Senators and eighty-four Repre- they were released on parole; rebel armies Mr. WENTWORTH. Mr. Speaker

sentatives and one hundred and ten votes in the have been dispersed, but they have been reThe SPEAKER. By order of the House,

Electoral College. This is a low calculation. | organized as State militia ; rebel State govern. no business is in order to-day except debate as

When we consider the earnestness, or rather I ments lave been overthrown, but again revived in Committee of the 'Whole on the state of the

should say the fierceness of these people, the and restored to the old possessors; and forUnion on the President's message, on which

ability, ambition, and courage of their leaders, feitures of life and estates have been remitted, the gentleman from Pennsylvania (Mr. Sco

we may well apprehend that the number will but that is all. Call this clemency, privilege, FIELD) is entitled to the floor. Does he yield -legitimate and certain under the laws as they call it submission, with which it has not one

be even greater. But this number is their own triumph, victory, what you please, but do not to the gentleman from Illinois, (Mr. WENTWORTH?]

stand. Supposing the entire population of the shade of meaning in cominon. We do not need

United States to be thirty-five million now, this to call witnesses to prove that these people Mr. SCOFIELD. Yes, sir, for a moment.

five million will be just one seventh of the are hostile to the Union and its interests. LEAVE OF ABSENCE.

whole, but will have more than one third the The history of the human race proves it. WhoMr. WENTWORTH. I ask leave of absence representation in both Houses of Congress, and ever attempts to prove the contrary must first for three weeks, and I give notice that before

more than one third of the Electoral College. show that they are unlike any other people leaving I wish to pair off upon the questions

The same amount of loyal population at the wbose passions, struggles, and defeats are of liberty, economy, and keeping whisky out North is represented by only about half that recorded in the annals of the world. of the Senate. (Laughter.]

number. If by factions or party division among But witnesses have been called-Union genLeave was granted.

the loyalists of the country, they could contrive erals and rebel generals, Union and rebel citi

to secure one sixth more of the representation, zens, without distinction of party, condition, RECONSTRUCTION.

they would have a majority of the whole, and race, or color-and all support under oath the Mr. SCOFIELD. Mr. Speaker, what is the be able to control Federal legislation, elect the great historic truth, that a purpose imbibed in whole amount of disloyal population in the

President, and distribute his patronage. infancy, cherished and stimulated by the rossouthern States? I do not include in this in- When these States are admitted and these trum, press, and pulpit for a lifetime; upheld quiry persons who have been stigmatized as people come to have the unabridged control of by large fortunes, wrung from the toil of slaves,

sympathizers” or “copperheads," much less this twofold representation, how will they de- and sanctified by the blood of sons and kinany other portion of the Democratic party, but sire to use it? I do not inquire how they possi- dred, has not been and cannot be surrendered only those who sought to divide the country into bly may use it, nor even how they now expect to military orders. Such a purpose surrenders two republics and wlio now regret the failure or intend to use it, but how, if unrestrained by only to time. I do not present this great truth of their enterprise. The whole amount of white a united North, it would be their interest and now by way of reproof or condemnation of

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