Obrazy na stronie

ence; and


the bills and joint resolution were severally COMMITTEE DISCHARGED FROM SUNDRY CASES. payment of $540 in full for the services of the read twice by their titles and referred to the

On motion of Mr. ANCONA, the Commit- claimant as chaplain of the one hundred and Committee on Claims: tee on Military Affairs was discharged from the

thirty-second regiment Illinois volunteers durA bill (H. R. No. 354) for the relief of further consideration of the following cases,

ing the recent rebellion. Edward P. McKinney, of Binghamton, New which were laid upon the table:

The report in the case was read. It states York, late captain and assistant commissary Petitions and memorials, with accompany;

that the claimant was appointed chaplain by of subsistence; A bill (H. R. No. 386) for the relief of

ing papers, of sundry officers and their legal Governor Yates, of Illinois, on the 1st of June, Francis A. Gibbons ;

representatives, for relief from responsibility || 1864, and his name, through the negligence of on account of funds, vouchers, records, &c.,

the officers, was never placed on the musterA bill (H. R. No. 516) for the relief of Mun. captured and lost by them during the late war,

roll. roe Young;

namely: Majors É. L. Moore, C. C. Clark, Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I would A bill (H. R. No. 517) for the relief of Lis. D. Coiden Ruggles, deceased, by his admin

like to know why, if this man has performed ton H. Pearce ;

istrator, General George D. Ruggles, and services during the whole of the war, his name A bill (H. R. No. 518) for the relief of the

John M. Austin, paymasters United States was not on the roll. It is very strange that owners of the bark Maria Henry; Army; Lieutenant Henry J. Spooner, Brevet

there should be a chaplain serving during the A bill (H. R. No. 519) to amend an act en

Major William R. Murphy, Lieutenant Alfred war, treated as such, and getting no pay. It titled "An act to provide for the payment of horses and other property destroyed in the

C. Law, and Lieutenant Augustus H. Plum- || is, perhaps, one of those cases spoken of the

mer, acting commissaries of subsistence. other day. There were many of these patriotic military service of the United States,'' approved

Also, the following bills and joint resolution: men who proposed to go into the war, and who June 25, 1864;

A bill (H. R. No. 395) for the relief of Brevet were willing to serve for nothing, and after A bill (H. R. No. 520) for the relief of

Major T. C. Bowles, assistant quartermaster | serving on those terms they now come back Elisha J, House, assessor of internal revenue United States volunteers ;

and ask for pay. for the second district of Michigan ;

A bill (H. R. No. 148) for the relief of Cap

Mr. THORNTON. I will explain it. The A bill (H. R. No. 521) for the benefit of Henry Horne; tain Charles Brewster, commissary of subsist-petitioner served only for three months, in

stead of during the war, and his name was not A bill (H. R. No. 522) for the relief of

Joint resolution (H. R. No. 111) for the re- ll put on the muster-roll, as appears clearly from Nathan Noyes; and lief of Lieutenant A. H. Pearl, acting commis

the testimony, from no fault of his, but of the A joint resolution (H. R. No. 122) referring sary of subsistence.

officers. All the officers of the regiment certhe claim of W. N. Swayne and P. K. Howard

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I call for tified that he performed service as chaplain of to the Court of Claims. the regular order of business.

the regiment, which served only three months. JOINT RESOLUTIONS INTRODUCED. The House accordingly proceeded, as the

He supposed his name was on the roll, but in Mr. WILSON asked, and by unanimous con

regular order of business, to call the commit- consequence of the neglect of the officers it bent obtained, leave to introduce a joint resotees for reports of a private nature, commen

was not. But he performed the service in good

faith. lution (S. R. No. 76) proposing an amendment | cing with the Committee of Claims. to the Constitution of the United States; which

Mr. TAYLOR. I would ask the gentleman

ADVERSE REPORTS. was read twice by its title, referred to the joint

ernor committee on reconstruction, and ordered to be

the Committee of Claims, made adverse re- Mr. THORNTON. He was appointed by printed. He also asked, and by unanimous consent

ports on the petition of Lewis Laddoners, and Governor Yates, of Illinois, and afterward by

the petition of W. P. Ellison and others; which the late President. obtained, leave to introduce a joint resolution were laid on the table.

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. It is not (S. R. No. 77) respecting brevet rank of offi

made entirely clear to my mind why this gencers of the Army; which was read twice by its

tleman's name was not put upon the roll if he title, and referred to the Committee on Mil- Mr. WASHBURN, of Massachusetts, from itary Affairs and the Militia. the Committee of Claims, reported a bill for

was a regular chaplain.

Mr. THORNTON. The evidence does not the relief of Munroe Young; which was read a

disclose the reason, but the inference is that it first and second time. Mr. SHERMAN. "I move to take up the The bill was read in full. It proposes to

was from neglect on the part of the officers. Post Office appropriation bill so that it may be

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I underpay $141 70 in gold to the claimant, being the left as the unfinished business of to-day to

stood my colleague to say that this claimant was amount wrongfully collected of him as duties come up at one o'clock on Monday. on articles recovered from the wreck of the

only in the three months' service. Mr. TRUMBULL. Before the bill is taken

Mr. THORNTON. That was all. British ship William Corey, at Portland, Maine, up, I desire to submit an amendment which I

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. Well, the on the 19th of June, 1865. wish to have printed.

amount is small.

The bill was ordered to be engrossed and Jr. SHERMAN. Let the bill be taken up

Mr. DEMING. I would ask the gentleman read a third time; and being engrossed, it was first.

if he was ever appointed a field officer by any accordingly read the third time and passed. The motion was agreed to; and the consid

Mr. WASHBURN, of Massachusetts, moved

competent authority? eration of the bill (H. R. No. 280) making || to reconsider the vote by which the bill was

Mr. THORNTON. He was, by Governor appropriations for the service of the Post | passed; and also moved to lay that motion on

Yates, of Illinois. Othce Department during the fiscal year end- the table.

The bill was ordered to be engrossed and ing June 30, 1867, and for other purposes, The latter motion was agreed to.

read a third time; and being engrossed, it was was resumed.

accordingly read the third time and passed. Mr. TRUMBULL. I wish to withdraw the


Mr. THORNTON moved to reconsider the amendment which I offered to this bill some Mr. WASHBURN, of Massachusetts, from vote by which the bill was passed; and also days ago, and I now send to the Chair an the Committee of Claims, reported House bill

moved that the motion to reconsider be laid amendment to take its place, and I ask that No. 354, for the relief of Edward P. McKinit be printed.

ney, of Binghamton, late captain and assistant The latter motion was agreed to. The amendment was received and ordered || commissary of subsistence.

BARK MARIA HENRY. to be printed.

The bill was read. It allows $475, or so Mr. RAMSEY. I move that the Senate much thereof as the proof shall establish, on

Mr. THORNTON also, from the same comadjourn. the claimant proving satisfactorily that 'the mittee, reported a bill for the relief of the own

ers of the bark Maria Henry; which was read, The motion was agreed to ; and the Senate money was properly paid by him prior to the

a first and second time. adjourned.

18th of August, 1864, to men of the Rhode
Island and United States cavalry, and that his

The bill, which was read, directs the SecreHOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. vouchers were forcibly taken and destroyed

tary of the Treasury to pay the sum of $12,000 FRIDAY, April 27, 1866. between Harper's Ferry and Winchester, Vir

to George Hern, agent of the owners of the ginia, without fault on his part.

bark Maria Henry, as full compensation for The House met at twelve o'clock m. Prayer The bill was ordered to be engrossed and

the use and detention of the said vessel by the by the Chaplain, Rev. C. B. Boynton. read a third time; and being engrossed, it was

United States from the 26th of February to the The Journal of yesterday was read and accordingly read the third time and passed.

26th of May, 1865, inclusive. approved.

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I move Mr. WASHBURN, of Massachusetts, moved to reconsider the vote by which the bill was

that this bill be referred to the Committee on

Commerce. Mr. KASSON, by unanimous consent, sub- || passed; and also moved to lay that motion on the table.

Mr. THORNTON. I hope that motion will mitted the following resolution; which was read, considered, and agreed to :

The latter motion was agreed to.

not prevail. This case has been investigated

very carefully by the Committee of Claims, to Resolned, That the President of the United States


which it was referred.

It provides compensabe requested to cause to be communicated to this

Mr. THORNTON, from the Committee of tion to the owners of this bark for the use or House a collation of the provisions in reference to freedmen, contained in the amended constitutions Claims, reported a bill for the relief of Liston detention of the vessel. I think the Committee of the southern States, and in the laws passed by H. Pearce; which was read a first and second of Claims is just as competent to take charge those States since the overthrow of the rebellion, so time.

of an investigation of such a matter as the far as information upon that subject may bo in the possession of the Executive Governmont.

The bill was read in full. It authorizes the Committee on Commerce.


upon the table.


Mr. LAWRENCE, of Ohio. I submit that | that this was a new vessel of six hundred and land transportation fur: ished by the Governthis bill involves an appropriation and must forty tons, and this charter to the Government | ment, wherever it shall appear that such abanhave its first consideration in a Committee of was for her first voyage.

The vessel was donment was the result of the order of a supethe Whole House.

worth from sixty to sixty-five thousand dollars. rior officer, and the injury and loss were with The SPEAKER. The Chair would have She was chartered for this trip to Port Royal, out any fault or negligence on the part of the sustained the point of order if it had been made and was detained, as has been stated by the person sustaining such loss. in time, but the House has already considered | gentleman from Illinois, (Mr. Thornton,] for The question was upon ordering the bill to the bill in the House. The gentleman from sixty-nine days. She was rechartered to go to be engrossed and read the third time. Illinois [Mr. WASHBURNE] has moved to refer || Philadelphia for a cargo of coal, and while Mr. THORNTON. Mr. Speaker, I will it to the Committee on Commerce, and the || waiting there she was notified that no cargo only remark that a law passed in 1849 progentleman from Illinois [Mr. THORNTON] is could be provided for her.

vided for compensation for the loss of horses making remarks in opposition to that motion. She was finally discharged in May, just at the in consequence of accidents in water transporMr. THORNTON. I ask that the report || time when business was at a stand-still in con

tation. În 1864 another law was enacted, probe read.

sequence of the collapse of the rebellion, and viding for compensation for the loss of horses The report was read.

no freight could be obtained there. And the captured by the enemy. There have been Mr. THORNTON. It will be seen by the vessel had to take a very low charter to go from referred to the Committee of Claims a number report that in February, 1865, the quartermas- there to St. John, and there take a charter to of resolutions and bills contemplating compenter's department chartered this vessel to carry | England. Any gentleman acquainted with com- sation for horses lost in the recent war in conoats and hay from Portland, Maine, to Port || mercial matters must know very well that a ves- sequence of unavoidable accidents by land Royal, South Carolina ; and the agreement was sel on a voyage cannot afford to take demur- transportation. During the war a great many that she was not to be detained in discharging || rage for lying in port. And besides all this, if horses were transported upon the various railher cargo longer than ten days. This wouid | the owners had had the liberty to take a charter | roads of the country, and this bill simply prohave released the vessel on the 26th of Feb. at the time the Government chartered her, it vides that the act of 1864 shall be extended so ruary. Instead of that she was detained at has been shown here, and attested by the evi- as to include cases of horses abandoned by Port Royal until the 9th of March, 1865, and dence of merchants in New York, Philadel. order of a superior officer, in consequence of was then ordered to Moorhead City, North | phia, and Portland, who are well acquainted || unavoidable accident resulting from land transCarolina, and there discharged her cargo, and with these matters, that the owners would have portation furnished by the Government. It was detained there until the 26th of May, 1865. made in that time more than twenty thousand will embrace only a very small

class of cases. The vessel was thus detained by the military || dollars. This is not speculative at all, but the The committee are satisfied, from the cases authorities for nearly a hundred days. She || ordinary freight of the vessel, based upon the which have come before them, that a law of then sailed for Philadelphia.

amount she earned from the time she left Port- this kind is necessary and just. The proof shows that during the time this land until the time she had discharged her cargo Mr. Speaker, I move the previous question. vessel was detained by the military authorities at Port Royal.

Mr. McKEE. I trust the gentleman will not she might have earned $12,500 in carrying coal Now, I want to say one word further, in regard press the demand for the previous question. I from Philadelphia to New Orleans. But the to the motion of the gentleman from Illinois | desire to offer a substitute for the bill. bark was detained, as I have said, and the [Mr. WASHBURNE] to refer the bill to the Com- Mr. THORNTON. I respectfully decline committee have fixed upon the sum of $12,000 mittee on Commerce. That will involve a delay to yield for that purpose. I am satisfied that as the amount of damages sustained by the of some months, and will very probably carry the House is not ready at this time to go furowners of the bark in consequence of this it beyond the close of this session. The Com- ther than this bill provides ; and I prefer that detention.

mittee of Claims have had the matter in charge the gentleman should present his proposition The committee are satisfied, from a thor- || from the first of the session. There have been at some other time. ough examination of the case, that the amount no lobby agents here, for the men who own this On seconding the previous question, there is much less than the very serious damage done vessel are not able to employ lobby agents. were-ayes 53, noes 11 ; no quorum voting. the owners of the vessel during the time of its | They are a few men of limited means, who The SPEAKER, under the rule, ordered detention by the military authorities. I hope have put all their means in this vessel, and tellers; and appointed Messrs. Thornton and the bill will pass, and not be referred to the are now embarrassed for want of what is justly McKEE. Committee on Commerce. due them from the Government.

The House divided ; and the tellers reported Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I made There are now claims upon the vessel which -ayes seventy-five, noes not counted. the motion to refer this bill to the Committee are waiting the payment of this amount which So the previous question was seconded. on Commerce because bills of this character is due from the Government. I hope, at any The main question was ordered ; and under are always referred to that committee, as they rate, that the matter will be settled here now, the operation thereof the bill was ordered to have the jurisdiction of cases of this kind. Í so that these parties may know what is to be be engrossed and read a third time; and being trust my colleague [Mr. THORNTON] will make their fate. I trust that the bill will not be per- engrossed, it was accordingly read the third no objection to referring this bill to the Com- mitted to go over to the next session, which time and passed. mittee on Commerce.

would inevitably be its fate if it should be Mr. THORNTON moved to reconsider the Mr. THORNTON. I hope not; the matter referred to the Committee on Commerce. vote by which the bill was passed ; and also has been already fully investigated.

Mr. DELANO. There are a number of moved that the motion to reconsider be laid on Mr. UPSON. Is this amount of $12,000 || other matters which I desire to get before the the table. estimated and reckoned as a loss of profit? House this morning; and therefore I feel com- The latter motion was agreed to. Mr. THORNTON. The difficulty was in || pelled to call the previous question.

ENROLLED BILLS SIGNED. determining upon the proper rule for esti- The previous question was seconded and the mating the amount of damages. The owners

Mr. TROWBRIDGE, from the Committee main question ordered; which was upon the claimed constructive damages; but the com- motion to refer the bill to the Committee on

on Enrolled Bills, reported that the committee mittee based the amount here named in the Commerce.

had examined and found truly enrolled bills of bill upon the last contract made to carry coal The motion was not agreed to.

the following titles; which were thereupon from Philadelphia to New Orleans, and for The bill was ordered to be engrossed and

signed by the Speaker: carrying that coal the owners could have netted read a third time; and being engrossed, it was

An act (S. No. 158) to facilitate the settle$12,500. In view of that and of the port and || accordingly read the third time and passed.

ment of accounts of the Treasurer of the Uni. insurance charges and outfitting expenses, the Mr. THORNTON moved to reconsider the

ted States, and to secure certain moneys to the committee are satisfied that $12,000 will not vote by which the bill was passed; and also

United States, or to the persons to whom they • cover the entire loss.

moved that the motion to reconsider be laid on

are due, and who are titled to receive the Mr. UPSON. It is, then, an estimate of the table.

same; and loss of profits?

The latter motion was agreed to.

An act (S. No. 255) to remit and refund Mr. THORNTON. To some extent it is.

certain duties. Mr. UPSON. I do not know upon what


FRANCIS A. GIBBONS. principle of law this can be given.

Mr. THORNTON, from the Committee of Mr. DELANO, from the Committee of Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois From the || Claims, reported a bill entitled "An act to Claims, reported back House bill No. 386, for reading of the report in this case it appears amend an act entitled 'An act to provide for the relief of Francis A. Gibbons, with the that this contract was entered into, and a cer- the payment of horses and other property de- recommendation that it do pass. tain amount stipulated as demurrage, which, at stroyed in the military service of the United The bill, which was read, provides that the the rate of $12,000 for the time here named, | States,' approved June 25, 1864;' which was Secretary of the Treasury be authorized to pay, would make $48,000 a year for a bark which || read a first and second time.

out of any money in the Treasury not otherI presume could have been bought for $12,000 The bill provides that the act which it proposes wise expended, the sum of $563 19 to Francis in the first instance.

to amend shall, from the commencement of A. Gibbons, the same being money paid by him Mr. THORNTON. It was a new bark, and the recent rebellion, extend to and include all for property purchased at a quartermaster's cost $60,000. This was its first trip, accord- cases of the loss of any horse by any officer, sale, in the city of Baltimore, Maryland, on the ing, to the proof of merchants in Portland, non-commissioned officer, private, or musician 15th day of February, 1863, under the direcMaine. The gentleman, therefore, is entirely || in the military service of the United States, tion of Colonel Belger, assistant quartermaster, mistaken in his conclusion.

while in the line of his duty in such service, by which was not delivered to the purchaser. Mr. LYNCH. I will say, in reply to the the abandonment of the same in consequence Mr. DELANO demanded the previous quesgentleman from Illinois, (Mr. WASHBURNE,] il of injury arising from unavoidable accidents in tion,


The previous question was seconded and the ant, and the same was referred to the Commit- on the claim of N. P. Munroe: which was main question ordered ; and under the opera- tee on Invalid Pensions.

ordered to lie on the table. tion thereof the bill was ordered to be engrossed


Mr. DELANO, from the same committee, and read a third time; and being engrossed;

reported adversely on the following cases; it was accordingly read the third time and

Mr. DELANO, in response to a resolution

which were ordered to lie on the table: passed. of the House, reported that in the judgment

Petitions of A. H. Markland, R. M. Shelton, Mr. DELANO moved to reconsider the vote of the Committee of Claims a clerk is neces

John Kaye, M. J. Gonzalves, James McLaughby which the bill was passed; and also moved sary and indispensable for the transaction of

lin, and others. that the motion to reconsider be laid upon the

its business; that all the customary hours of table.

labor during the day, and frequently far into the The latter motion was agreed to.

night, are devoted by the clerk to the neces- Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois, from the

sary and legitimate business of the committee, Committee on Commerce, reported a bill for BEALS AND DIXON.

and that no member of the committee has the relief of Charles Brewer & Co.; which Mr. DELANO, from the same committee, | employed him in attending to private business

was read a first and second time. reported back Senate resolution No. 56, author: during business hours for the reason that his

The bill directs the Secretary of the Treasury izing the Secretary of the Treasury to adjust time is fully employed in his public duties. to pay to Charles Brewer & Co., of Boston, the claim of Beals & Dixon against the Uni- The report was laid upon the table, and Massachusetts, the sum of $3,520, in full for ted States, with the recommendation that it do ordered to be printed.

the passage in the Hawaiian bark Kamehapass.


meha, of sixty-eight destitute seamen belongThe joint resolution, which was read, pro

ing to American vessels which were burned vides that the Secretary of the Treasury is

Mr. WARD, from the Committee of Claims,

by the Anglo-confederate pirate Shenandoah, authorized to cause the accounts of Beals & to which was referred the claim of W. N.

from the island of Ascension to Honolulu. Dixon, for deliveries of material after May 1, Swayne and P. K. Howard, for damages sus- Mr. ANCONA. I ask that the report bo 1861, under their contracts with the United tained by collision of a United States trans

read. States, to be adjusted and paid; allowing to port, with a tug on the Mississippi river, August

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. There is said Beals & Dixon such additional prices for || 13, 1865, reported back the same with a joint material delivered after May 1, 1861, as, in his resolution referring the claim for adjudication | of State.

no report, except a letter from the Secretary

I ask that it be read. opinion, they may be justly entitled to under to the Court of Claims.

The Clerk read the letter as follows: the provisions of their supplementary contract, The joint resolution was read a first, second,

DEPARTMENT OF STATE, dated January 1, 1857; provided, that in the and third time, and passed.

WASHINGTON, March 14, 1866. opinion of the Attorney General said Beals & Mr. WARD moved to reconsider the vote Sir: I have the honor to transmit herewith a copy Dixon have a legal claim upon the United || by which the joint resolution was passed; and of a letter from Messrs. Charles Brewer & Co., of States for an increase of prices under said conalso moved to lay that motion on the table.

Boston, inclosing to this Department an account of

the Hawaiian bark Kamehameha V, for the pastract.

The latter motion was agreed to.

sage of destitute American seamen from the AscenThe joint resolution was ordered to a third

sion islands to Honolulu. These seamen, numbering HENRY HORNE,

sixty-eight, belonging to American vessels which reading; and it was accordingly read the third

Mr. McKEE, from the Committee of Claims, were burned by the pirate Shenandoah, were landed time and passed.

on the Ascension islands without any provision beMr. DELANO moved to reconsider the vote reported a bill for the benefit of Henry Horne;

ing made for their support. They were found in a which was read a first and second time.

destitute condition by the master of the bark Kameby which the joint resolution was passed; and The bill was read in full. It authorizes the hameha V, and taken to Honolulu. It seems but also moved that the motion to reconsider be payment of $400 in gold, or its equivalent in

just and proper that this claim should be promptly laid upon the table.

paid. As, however, there is no fund at the disposal United States currency, being the amount ad- of this Department with which to meet it, the claim The latter motion was agreed to.

vanced by him for the use of Federal prisoners is respectfully referred to Congress, with the recomGOLDSMITH BROTHERS. at Andersonville in 1864 and 1865, under the

mendation that an appropriation be made sufficient

to cover it. Mr. DELANO. I am directed by the Com- || supervision of Father Whelan.

I am, sir, your obedient servant, mittee of Claims to report back Senate bill No. The bill was ordered to be engrossed and

WILLIAM H. SEWARD. 192, for the relief of Goldsmith Brothers, of the read a third time; and being engrossed, it was

Hon. E. B. WASHBURNE, Chairman of the Committee on

Commerce, House of Representatives. cities of San Francisco, California, and Port- | accordingly read the third time and passed.

Mr. MCKEE moved to reconsider the vote

The SPEAKER. land, Oregon, brokers, and to move that it be

The morning hour has referred to the Committee of the Whole House by which the bill was passed ; and also moved expired. Is there any objection to consideron the Private Calendar. to lay that motion on the table.

ing this bill at this time? I will barely say to the House and to the The latter motion was agreed to.

Mr. ANCONA. I demand the regular order

of business. friends of this bill, which is to duplicate certain


The SPEAKER. Then the bill goes over Treasury notes to the amount of $10,000 alleged

Mr. McKEE, from the Committee of Claims, to have been lost, that the committee after a

until next Friday. made adverse reports on the following cases; careful analysis of the evidence came to the which were ordered to lie on the table :

CHANGE OF REFERENCE. 'conclusion that in two particulars, it is too weak to justify them in recommending the passage || Byers, and Benjamin Roach.

Petitions of William B. L. Thrasher, James

On motion of Mr. NIBLACK, by unani

mous consent, the Committee of Appropriaof the bill, and for the purpose of enabling the


tions was discharged from the further considfriends to supply this deficiency I move its

eration of the petition of J. H. Sherwin; and reference as I have indicated.

Mr. THORNTON, from the Committee of

the same was referred to the select committee Mr. HENDERSON. When are we likely | Claims, reported a bill for the relief of Nathan

of freedmen's affairs. to reach the bill in the Committee of the || Noyes; which was read a first and second Whole House on the Private Calendar? I time.

NORTHERN PACIFIC RAILROAD. want to know so as to have the necessary proof

The bill was read in full. It authorizes the The House then proceeded, as the regular ready. payment to the claimant $150 in full satisfac

order of business, to the consideration of the The SPEAKER. The Chair would infer tion of Treasury warrant No. 3885, dated Janu- unfinished business of last evening, being House from the remarks of the chairman when the ary 15, 1866, on the surrender of said warrant.

bill No. 414, to secure the speedy construction evidence is supplied he will call the case up.

The bill was ordered to be engrossed and of the Northern Pacific railroad and telegraph The bill was referred to the Committee of the read a third time; and being engrossed, it was line, and to secure to the Government the use Whole House on the Private Calendar.

accordingly read the third time and passed. of the same for postal, military, and other purMr. DELANO. I ask to have entered a mo

Mr. THORNTON moved to reconsider the

poses. tion to reconsider the vote by which the bill was vote by which the bill was passed; and also The pending question was Mr. WENTWORTH'S referred, so that I may have the bill under my moved to lay that motion on the table.

motion to refer to the Committee on Public control.

The latter motion was agreed to.

Lands. The motion was accordingly entered.


Mr. STEVENS. I hope, before anything
Mr. WASHBURN, of Massachusetts, from

else is done, the substitute which I offered Mr.DELANO, from the Committee of Claims, the Committee of Claims, reported back Sen

yesterday will be read as I have modified it. reported a bill for the relief of Elisha J. House. ate joint resolution No. 60, referring the peti

The substitute, as modified, was read. The bill was read a first and second time. tion and papers in the case of James Crutchett

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I would It provides that the proper accounting offi- to the Court of Claims; and moved that the inquire if that substitute has been printed. cers of the Treasury Department shall credit same be indefinitely postponed.

The SPEAKER. The Chair thinks it has and allow Elisha J. House $797 47 in the settle- The motion was agreed to.

not been printed as it now stands. Some parts ment of his accounts.

Mr. WASHBURN, of Massachusetts, moved

of the substitute as now offered have been The bill was ordered to be engrossed and to reconsider the motion by which the

joint printed, but some parts of it are in manuscript. read a third time; and being engrossed, it was resolution was indefinitely postponed; and also

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. How is it

before the House? accordingly read the third time and passed. moved to lay that motion on the table. WILLIAM M'BRYANT. The latter motion was agreed to.

The SPEAKER. The gentleman from Penn

sylvania, (Mr. STEVENS,] by the consent of the On motion of Mr. DELANO, the Committee


gentleman from Illinois, (Mr. WENTWORTH,] of Claims was discharged from the further con- Mr. WASHBURN, of Indiana, from the who made the motion to refer the bill to the sideration of the petition of William McBry. Il Committee of Claims, made an adverse report Il Committee on Public Lands, moved a substi.


tate for the bill, and this morning he has mod. || reclaimed for the purpose of constructing this is a condition-precedent to be performed by ified that substitute, as he had a right to do. road is not less than twenty-three million acres. the company before the United States gives Mr. BINGHAM obtained the floor.

What are the additional guards thrown into its pledge to pay $1,200 per mile per annuni. Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I hope this bill by the substitute, and which, I say, What I have just said applies throughout the this substitute will be printed.

remove the objections which gentlemen have whole extent of the eastern division, a distance The SPEAKER. The gentleman from Ohio | urged here against it? The substitute provides of about three hundred and eighty miles. [Mr. BINGHAM] is entitled to the floor.

that the Government of the United States shall But, says the gentleman, that will be $24,000 not pledge one dollar of credit to the payment per mile at the end of twenty years. So it might

for the construction of any part of this road, as be if the Government in all that time received Mr. MORRILL. With the consent of the the gentleman from Illinois [Mr. WASHBURNE] no returns either from the proceeds of the gentleman from Ohio, who has the floor, I de- | urged yesterday, and urged not without some completed road or the sale of the lands. But, sire to state to the House that the bill amend. color of authority from the text of the bill as it sir, upon the hypothesis that the company ing the internal revenue act which was made was originally reported. Sir, the substitute is would build the road to the extent required the special order for Thursday of next week, || guarded as carefully as human language can by the law, and we are not to issue this pledge will not be called up before next Monday week || guard anything, it limits and restricts the until the company does this—when we secure after the morning hour. The bill will not be Secretary of the Treasury so that he can never twenty-five per cent. of the gross proceeds of printed before to-morrow; and gentlemen have issue the pledge of this Government save the road as is provided in this bill, and have intimated to me that they will not be able to when the company shall have first constructed the absolute control of it, the road touching examine its provisions before the time I have | twenty-five consecutive miles or more of this your great inland sea, Lake Superior-I would indicated. road, and then the pledge is only to extend like to know whether one fourth of the

gross to the number of sections so completed. In || proceeds of the road would not pay the interNORTHERN PACIFIC RAILROAD-AGAIN.

the first division of the road, upon the con- est at the rate of six per cent. upon one half Mr. BINGHAM. Mr. Speaker, I do not struction of twenty-five miles or more by the of the cost of its construction. I undertake to know, in view of the many and various objec- || company, and the full completion thereof as say, sir, that under the limitations of this bill, tions which were urged to this bill as originally provided by the provisions of the original the Government does not assume to pay more reported by the committee, that I would have charter and of the pending substitute, the Sec- than the interest upon one half the cost of the been willing to have given my vote for it in the retary of the Treasury is to issue the pledge of construction


the eastern division of the form in which it first came into the House, for the Government for the payment of the inter- road. Twelve hundred dollars per mile is but the reason that the bill, by reason of the gen- est upon two hundred shares of the stock of the interest on $20,000, and who believes that eral terms in which it was reported, was liable the road per mile, to the extent that the road less than $40,000 will build and equip the road to misconstruction, and possibly liable there- shall be so constructed, and after its comple- in the manner required by the original act? fore to the very objections urged against it by | tion, and not before.

But if twenty-five per cent. of the gross prosome of the gentlemen who have spoken. As the company proceed with the work, by ceeds of the road would not be sufficient, what

But, sir, in my judgment, the substitute which the construction of additional sections of the remains? Some twelve thousand acres of land has just been read to the House removes and road from year to year, the pledge of the inter- to each mile on the south side of the road, in silences every objection that has been urged by est is only to be given under this limitation : addition to the twenty-five per cent. of the gentlemen who have heretofore spoken against for the first year, not more than fifty miles ; gross proceeds of the completed road are rethe adoption of this measure.

for the second year, not more than one hun- served to the Government to secure the GovernI agree with gentlemen that it is the duty at dred miles; for the third year, not more than ment on its pledge of $1,200 annually per mile. all times of the Representatives of the people two hundred miles; for the fourth year, not The other gentleman from Illinois, (Mr. to guard with jealous care the Treasury of the more than two hundred miles; and thereafter WASHBURNE,] in arguing this question yesternation. Assuming that position, and agreeing not more than three hundred miles per year day, objected to some of the provisions of the 'to the fullest extent upon that point with hon- till the whole road is completed. The Secre- third section on the ground that the covenants orable gentlemen who have spoken against this | tary of the Treasury is to proceed to pledge, were not mutual between the corporation and measure, beg to say that it is capable of abso- || subject to these limitations, the credit of the the Government; that the bill contained no lute demonstration that the substitute which Government, to guaranty the interest only upon provision which would enable the Government has just been read in the hearing of the House, the stock of the road, under the further limita- to enforce the security provided for its proin any event, whether this company goes for- tions within the first division, which extends tection. On that point I ask the attention of ward with this work or abandons it, guards the from the eastern terminus to the one hundred the House to the consideration of the fact that Treasury of the nation and puts money into it. and first meridian of longitude, at the rate of || by the substitute just read the third section has The act of 1864 has passed for the time being || two hundred shares to the mile and no more. been struck out. Hence that objection falls to beyond the power of this House. Rights have | This, sir, is not a pledge of the Government, as the ground, especially in view of the other been vested under it. No forfeiture has arisen. has been asserted over and over again in the provision contained in the substitute, that if The time has not expired, as was suggested at | hurry of debate, to pay the stock or any part the corporation shall fail to pay the interest for one time by my honorable colleague, [Mr. of the stock. It is to pay the interest, and only a period of ninety days after the maturity of DELANO,] but which I believe he afterward cor- the interest, semi-annually, from and after the the obligation it shall then be within the power rected the time has not yet expired which was date of the pledge, and not ante-dating it at the of the Treasurer of the United States to profixed by the terms of the act of 1864, within rate of six per cent. for so much of the road as ceed to sell every acre of the twelve thousand which the corporators could exercise the privi- || shall have been constructed, and only upon two acres adjacent to each mile of the road so conleges secured to them by that act.

hundred shares of the stock per mile within the structed and on the south side, and put the proNor does that time expire, by the terms of first division. The original charter fixes the ceeds into the Treasury of the United States the act, until the month of July next, within amount of the shares at $ 100 each.

for the purpose of reimbursing the Governwhich time these corporators or their assignees, What, then, is the whole amount which the ment. whoever they may be, may secure to them. Government of the United States is liable to Upon a showing of this sort, I submit to genselves beyond the reach of cure on the part of pay as interest semi-annually upon the first || tlemen that there is no room here to cavil on this House the great franchise provided for in division of this road, as the same may be this question of security, entire security, to the the act of 1864.

completed? It is but $1,200 per mile; that Government for this pledge of interest-none Now, what change is wrought in this legis- | and no more. I hope the House will not mis- at all. I admit that there is a higher rate per lation by the substitute as now presented to take me in what I say here-$1,200 is the in- | mile laid upon the Government in the mountain the House, and which I hope will pass, if for terest per mile on two hundred shares to the district, which is the second or third division. no other reason than that it so materially mile of the eastern division at $100 per share. But when gentlemen look into this question, changes the existing act as to give additional The interest per annum on the eastern divis. || they will find that, view it as they may, unless security and make assurance doubly sure that ion is $1,200 per mile, and no more, over the history altogether fails to repeat itself in this this great road, the need of the country, will be whole division. The gentleman (Mr. Farns. || country in relation to railroads, it is utterly speedily constructed? The pending substitute | WORTH) says that it makes $24,000 in twenty | impossible that the Government of the United does this, among other things : it enables the years, but I ask him to remember his words States can ever by possibility be a loser to the Government of the United States to reclaim of yesterday, which did injustice to his own extent of a single dollar, in the event of the at once and hold as a security for the con- intelligence, when he intimated that under this construction of the road, and without its construction of this road-which all members will bill we were to allow the company this mag- struction by the company the Government inadmit to be essential to the prosperity of the nificent grant of lands on the north side of curs no liability whatever. The provisions of country and the development of its resources this road, and construct the road, too. Who the bill pending simply secure the construction in the Northwest-all the lands contained in ever before heard, in this country, of $1,200 || of the road by the company or the forfeiture the original grant of 1864, lying south of the building a railroad to the extent of a mile? of all the privileges granted by the bill. line of survey from the shores of Lake Supe- || Why, it would not supply the ties, to say noth- In order that gentlemen may fully appreciate rior to the shores of the Pacific ocean. The || ing about grading the road, to say nothing all the provisions of the pending substitute amount of land thus reclaimed is variously || about constructing the bridges, to say noth- touching the other divisions of the road, I ask estimated on this side of this House and on ing about furnishing the iron, to say nothing || their attention to the further provision of the that side. I have not stopped myself to make about the work necessary to lay it down in its | bill, that upon the second division of the road, the calculation, but I am informed by one of place, and to say nothing about the equipment there shall be pledged by the Government the the members of the committee, who has given of the road all of which is provided for in the interest upon two hundred and fifty shares per his attention to it, that the amount of land thus II original act of incorporation, and by this bill Il mile for the distance of six hundred and twenty


miles, when completed by the company, and annually of interest upon the track of this great | the people of the country. And, sir, I must say which, being carefully computed, amounts to road.

here in advance, as regards some of the per $1,500 annually per mile. Let gentlemen con- The SPEAKER. The gentleman's twenty sons whose names appear as directors of this sider that, before the second division of this minutes have expired.

corporation, that the charges which have been road is reached at all, before one dollar is Mr. BINGHAM. Only a word further. I made against them as being public plunderers pledged by the Government of the United | repeat, the passage of this bill secures the con- of the Treasury and men unworthy of the conStates toward the payment of interest upon one struction of the road by saying to European || fidence of good citizens, are such as ought to rod of the road to be constructed within the capitalists, this great nation, oppressed as it is be repelled by those who know the personal second division, you will already have in run- with a public debt of $3,000,000,000, considers character, standing, and reputation of those ning order a road of three hundred and eighty this stock and company a perfect security miles running from the shores of Lake Supe- || against any embarrassment to its Treasury, a I find among those directors the names of rior westward.

perfect security that not another cent of burden R. D. Rice and of Hon. D. M. Swift, a former Is any gentleman going to tell me such a will be laid upon this people by reason of the member of Congress, who, according to the road as that, in full operation and thoroughly || loan of the nation's credit.

theory of the gentleman from Ohio, [Mr. DELequipped by.this company, with twelve thou- That is the position I assume here to-day. | ANO,] belong to the swarm of men who have sand acres of land to every mile of it, to be | I wish to place it on record, that in my judg. come here for the purpose of depleting and sold in the event of delay to pay the interest ment the provisions of this bill, if passed, will robbing the Treasury of the United States for of this debt; that the Government of the United never lay one cent of burden upon any citizen the purpose of putting the spoils into their own States, with the proceeds of these twelve thou- of the Republic. It cannot in the natu of

pockets. sand acres of land to each mile of the road | things, unless a railroad like that pointing to Sir, it must be a weak case, indeed, that will and twenty-five per cent. of the gross proceeds the gold regions and commencing upon the not be met by argument on the part of those of the road, cannot pay interest upon one half shore of Lake Superior shall, by one fourth of who are opposed to it; and because these men the cost of its construction or $1,200 per an- its gross proceeds and the proceeds of twelve have been unable to discuss the real merits of num upon each mile of the completed road? thousand acres of land to every mile of it, fail this question at all, I have taken the trouble to If that could be so, a railroad would never be to pay the interest upon one half the cost of investigate it and see whether these charges of built upon this continent. Never, sir. its construction and equipment.

wholesale fraud and corruption are true. Mr. SPALDING. I do not think my col. I beg leave to say further that this measure, It is said by gentlemen who oppose this bill league is readily embarrassed by interruption. if adopted, instead of increasing the burdens that this bill has been attempted to be put Mr. BINGHAM. Not at all; but my time of the people, will diminish them.

through under the previous question. This is limited. I will, however, yield to my col- The adoption of this measure secures the objection was raised by the honorable gentle. league for a moment.

construction of this road at a very early day to man from Illinois, (Mr. WASHBURNE,] who is Mr. SPALDING. I will barely ask, inas- such an extent as, I believe, from the best in- || himself always most ready to take advantage much as the gentleman says that the substitute formation I have, will unite the head of navi- || of the previous question whenever it answers materially alters the features of the bill, whether | gation on the Missouri river with the head of his purpose. And yet he comes here and underhe expects the House to vote on that substitute | navigation on the Columbia river, so that within | takes to brow-beat members who take the part without having an opportunity to read it in print. the period of two years after the adoption of of these honorable people, by howling against I am told that our objections are remedied by this bill we shall have through communication the attempt to make use of the previous questhe substitute. If so, we would be happy to | by rail and water from the Pacific to the At- tion. I ask the gentleman to remember when vote for it. I want my friend, before he sits | lantic ocean. The survey reveals the fact that my own State was interested in the passage of down, to let us hear from him in regard to the the distance between the navigable waters of a bill, when one of her railroad corporations fact of attaching this whole liability to the the Missouri and Columbia is not more than that had plighted to it the faith of the State of Government upon the credit of the nation. five hundred miles; a remarkable revelation, New Jersey, was attempted to be shielded by

Mr. BINGHAM. If my colleague had ob- | indicating that God, in His providence, has this Congress, then the gentleman was willing served and weighed the words I uttered, he so ordered it that this grand country, looking to shut my mouth and refused to allow me one would have noticed I admitted the general scope out upon Asia from the western slope of the minute to be heard in the defense of my own and purpose of the bill, by reason of the gen- Rocky mountains, and looking out upon Europe State, although millions of dollars were involved erality of its language as originally reported, from the eastern slope, is to be one country, in the interest of that corporation, and hundreds were liable to the misconstruction put upon now and forever, one and inseparable.

of thousands of dollars of taxes in the interest it by gentlemen who have already spoken. I think it is the duty of statesmen to pass of the people of my State. The language of the substitute is so plain that this bill if the effect of the measure will be I say, sir, that it is with a very poor grace it requires no lawyer to understand it. There to draw to the construction of this road the that gentlemen of that character, men who is not a man between these oceans who can capitalists of the world, who are looking with have taken the position that that gentleman read the English language who will

fail to know eager eyes to our gold regions, and thus re- has taken in regard to the demand for the prethat the Government of the United States, under duce the burdens of the people by the increase vious question upon measures heretofore pend. the substitute, can never issue one dollar of of the nation's wealth and the developmenting of a like character to this, come before the pledge for the payment of interest except at of our great resources. It is certainly the first House now and tell the country that this is the rates provided, mile for mile, as the road | duty of statesmen, to whom the people have a gigantic scheme to rob the Treasury of the is constructed, and not till it is completed within | committed the trust of legislating for the gen- United States, simply because by a vote of the the limitations named.

eral welfare, so to shape their legislation as to House the bill was authorized to be brought I now come back to the further provisions develop all the resources of this country, and before it at a night session, and because notice of the bill of which I was speaking when inter- thereby make this youngest-born of the nations was given by the gentleman who had control rupted by my colleague.

the producer and the carrier for the civilized of the bill that at some future time the previous In the third division of the road the Govern- world; to enable it, in short, to lay its hand question would be called upon it. ment is to pledge the interest upon five hun. on the uncounted treasures of your vast west- Now, there is no fraud and no taint of fraud dred shares to the mile for five hundred and ern domain and the immense commerce of the in this bill from the beginning to the end of twenty miles. The third is the mountain divis. great East, and make itself the carrier of the || it; and there ought to be no imputations of ion, on which the pledge amounts to $3,000 per trade of all Europe, with China and the Indies, that character upon honorable gentlemen who annum per mile. What I have already said will by the shortest possible route upon this planet. are here endeavoring to advance the best interjustify me in saying that when the road reaches I now yield twenty minutes of the remainder ests of the country by establishing this great this mountain region, where are gold and silver of my time to the gentleman from New Jersey, || railroad route which is to connect the Atlantic and copper and iron beyond computation, the one | [Mr. ROGERS.)

and the Pacific oceans by bands of iron and fourth the gross proceeds of the road will pay, Mr. ROGERS. Mr. Speaker, I have list by the iron horse, which is to transport our not simply interest at six per cent. on one balf ened with considerable attention to the discus- troops in time of war, thus enabling us to bid of the cost of its construction, but twenty per | sions which have grown out of this bill for the defiance to Great Britain by locomotive power, cent. on one half of the cost of its construction. last two or three days, and especially to the which will run our troops and munitions of

In the fourth division the limitation of the position which has been taken by those who war along the very frontier of the British bill is the interest upon three hundred shares are opposed to it. In fact, from the wholesale domain if they undertake to hurl their lion to the mile for two hundred and eighty miles, charges which were made against the integrity against the rights and liberties of this country, or $1,800 annually per mile. This is the sub- of those who are here endeavoring to get this Now, sir, I am moved, in my consideration stance of the bill as amended.

bill passed, before I had given the bill reflec- of this bill, by nothing but what I believe to Now, touching its effect on the credit of the tion and looked at the consequences that would be the interests of the country. I do not wish Government of the United States. By the result to the nation from our action in passing to put it in the power of thieves to deplete the adoption of this substitute you secure, in my || it, I was almost led to believe that some of the Treasury, but I believe that the United States, judgment, the construction of this road. How? | charges that have been made by those who instead of being damaged by the construction You lend the credit of a great people to an or. appeared to be such sticklers at this time for of this grand enterprise, will stride onward in ganized company, by which they are able to call the Treasury were true. But, sir, I find that the path of prosperity; it will invite the legions upon the capitalists of the whole civilized world the grand idea that appears to have been sought of the Old World to these shores; and it will and say to them, no matter what may be the to be impressed upon members of this House | enable the people of this country to protect stress upon the credit of the United States, the and upon the country has been that this is a their rights and liberties whenever an invasion Congress does not hesitate to pledge the credit | gigantic scheme or swindle for the purpose of shall be made upon it by any foreign Power. of the Government to secure the payment semi- Il robbing the Treasury of the United States and But the gentleman from Illinois (Mr. WASH

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