Obrazy na stronie

for me.


reference whatever to this section of the billor to a provision like this. It is a letter written on the 14th of December, when the Provost Marshal General's Bureau was and was for the time to remain in existence, and it refers chiefly to what had better be done with deserters, and the statement of the Lieutenant Gen. eral amounts to this: that such an officer being in existence it is his appropriate business to take charge of deserters, and he recommends that be should do so, and attend to recruiting beside. That is all. There is no recommendation whatever favoring the retention of this bureau permanently, or of having any such officer in the standing Army. It comes to the Secretary of War appended to an argument made by General lry himself, an elaborate argument made to show that he is essential to the Government. And although it is appended for that purpose, I repeat that it has nothing to do with this subject, but relates wholly to what the Provost Marshal's Bureau had better be set to do for the time being.

The letter which I have presented from the Lieutenant General was written to a member of the Military Committee of the Senate, written in answer to a question in reference to this identical section proposed there, and in answer to the specific inquiry whether he was or was not in favor of continuing this bureau. And he says in so many words that in his judgment there is not the slightest occasion for it, that bureaus ought not to be multiplied, and that this one ought to be disconuinued.

Therefore, Mr. Speaker, upon the authority not only of the Lieutenant General, but of all the generals who constituted the military council, because this section was omitted in the bill which they approved, I have made this motion.

Now, sir, as to the official conduct of this officer. I have deemed it proper to refer to it because the practical and real question is whether he personally is to continue in his present place. I have stated but a very small part of what I know from my own investigation of the matter. And I want it distinctly understood that in my judgment no officer of this Government holding a similar position has done so much harm and so little good as the officer of who!n lam speaking. If that is offensive to anybody, so be it. To the particular individual to whom it may give most offense, I will answer not here but elsewhere, when it becomes

Mr. SPALDING. I desire to ask my friend a single question. Will it not answer bis pur. pose it the House vote down this Provost dlarshal's Bureau and let the matter stop there?

Mr. COVKLING. I think so.

Mr. SPALDING. We will do that cheerfully,

Mr. CONKLING. That is all I intended to do originally.

Mr. Speaker, how much time have I left?

The SPEAKER pro, tempore. About four minutes.

Mr. CONKLING. Then I will yield it to the gentleman from Ohio (Mr. SPALDING.]

Mr. SPALDING. I wish to say a few words.

The SPEAKER pro tempore. Does the gentleman from New York [Mr. CONKLING] yield the floor to the gentleman from Ohio for the residue of his time?

Mr. SPALDING. I claim it on my own merits, sir.

The SPEAKER pro tempore. The Chair now understands that the gentleman from Ohio [Mr. SPALDING] is to speak during the balance of the time of the gentleman from New York, [Mr. CONKLING.]

Mr. CONKLING. I so understand. I yield the residue of my time only to the gentleman from Ohio, because I suppose that the gentleman from Pennsylvania, (Mr. MERCUR,] to whom I am very much indebted, desires to ocenpybis full fifteen minutes.

The SPEAKER pro tempore. Then the gentieman from Ohio [Mr. SPALDING) is entitled to the floor for just three minutes.

Mr. SPALDING. Three minutes is enough

I am opposed, sir, to the continuance me that the reasons which exist for its abolishof this military bureau known as the Provost ment since the termination of the war are Marshal General's Office. I am opposed to it equally manifest. in time of peace, because I consider it an The bill, upon its face, provides for two unnecessary appendage to the Army. But I classes of duties to be performed by this bureau, believe that during the late war it was a neces- The one is the recruiting of the Army, and the sary evil, and I think that a great deal of the other is the arrest of deserters. It provides odium which has been attached to the admin

that two persons shall take charge of these istration of the duties of that oflice pertained | duties, one with the rank of brigadier general, rather to the nature of the office than to the land the other with the rank of colonel of individual who discharged the duties of the cavalry. oflice. I question, sir, whether any man, Now, it appears to me that all these duties wliether he came from the East or the West, can be properly performed by a person occu• from the North or the South, could have gone pying a lower position, and receiving much less into the administration of the Provost Mar- compensation than these persons would reshal General's department and discharged its ceive. The recruiting of the Army is not a duties with any more satisfaction to the gen- business of such vast dimensions nor will it be eral public than General James B. Fry. prolonged so long as to require the creation of

Now, I do not claim that vast frauds have a permanent bureau like this. not been perpetrated in this as in every other After the Army is filled, and we are indepartment of the Government during the last formed that during the last six months recruitfour years; I think they have been. But I do ing bas gone on very rapidly, this will not be not think any one man is responsible for them. | needed, and whatever number we may fix upon

I think, perhaps the gentleman from New as the proper number for the Army, we have York [Mr. CONKLINC] has sufficient cause reason to know that the vacuum can be filled for what he has said ; but such a case as he has upin a few months without any great difficulty ; mentioned has not been bronght home to me, and when the Army is once filled on a peace in all my oflicial intercourse with the Provost ll establishment the duties of a bureau of this Marshal General during the last three years, || kind, so far as recruiting is concerned, will and it has been constant and frequent. I have necessarily be very small. been treated by him with a degree of kindness Now, in regard to the other duties of this and courtesy which requires from me an ex- office, the arrest of deserters, I tak it that pression of thanks rather than of censure. there cannot now be a very large number of am happy, therefore, to have it in my power deserters that the Government proposes to pursay

that I am under obligations to this man; sue and arrest and punish. In these days of genand it is a pleasure to me to acquit myself of eral amnesty and of general pardon, I presume the duty of doing so.

the Government will not pursue very sharply Mr. BLAINE. I do not rise to argue the and rigidly those persons who have deserted merits of this proposition. I rise rather to from the armies of the Union. And if there relieve myself from the stigma attempted to be is no great number of deserters now who are cast upon me, and to place myself properly on to be arrested, is it to be supposed or assumed the record, as becomes a gentleman and a Rep- || that the number will increase to such an extent resentative.

in the future as to create a necessity for a perI stated when I was up before, and I left it manent bureau to look after and arrest desertto the gentleman from New York [Mr. Coxk- ers? I think not; and hence I assume that LING] to answer whether I answered it cor- neither for the one purpose nor the other sperectly, that I had understood there were per- cified in the bill is there any necessity for the sonal difficulties between himself and the Pro- creation of a perinanent bureau of this charvost Marshal General. I have so understood it. I have understood it from very high au- Now, in addition to the absence of any necesthority. I have understood that in those diffi- || sity for this bureau, it does strike me, if I culties the gentleman from New York, as I said understand the sentiment of the country aright, before, did not come out first best. I did not a sentiment which grew and strengthened with make this as an assertion. I left it to him to the progress of the recent rebellion, that the say whether it was so or not. Certainly I did present head of this bureau did not satisfy pubnot violate any principle of propriety or of parlic expectation in the discharge of his duties. liamentary etiquette. And, sir, even were I in It is not my design to attribute a want of full health, (and Iought to be in my bed to-day,) || good faith or a want of integrity to that bureau. I could not consent to go into this cheap sort In my judgment, though I may err, it was a of stuff about answering here and elsewhere" want of capacity which created the great disand about "personal responsibility” and all satisfaction which existed in the minds of the that kind of thing.

loyal people throughout the country. Sir, I do not know how to characterize it. The fact cannot be disguised that a great When we had gentlemen here from the eleven many of the complications and entanglements seceded States, they used to talk about answer- which arose during the progress of the war ing here and elsewhere;' and it was under- were solely in consequence of the orders which stood that they meant a duel! I suppose the issued from time to time from the Provost gentleman from New York means nothing of Marshal General's Oflice. They complicated That kind; I do not know whether he does or does matters so much, one followed the other in not; but that is the only meaning that can be such rapid succession, changing, modifying, attached to the phrase. When a man says that and throwing confusion upon what had prehe is ready to answer" here or elsewhere,” he ceded, that no one could form any adequate means that he is willing to receive a note out- idea of what was required. No district could side of the District of Columbia.

Well, now,

tell how many men it had to raise, or how that is very cheap, and certainly beneath my many men they had received credit for. Such notice. I do not believe the gentleman from being the fact, there is no reason, no justice, New York wants to fight a duel; and I am sure po propriety, in continuing this bureau for the be needs no assurance from me that I do not benefit of the present incumbent. intend it. When I have to resort to the use The gentleman from New York (Mr. Conkof the epithet of "false" upon this floor, and LING] has suggested one thing in which this this cheap swagger about being responsible bureau was somewhat conspicuous, that is, its "here or elsewhere,"! I shall have very little power of absorption of the commutation money faith in the cause which I stand up to main- which was paid by people all over the country, tain.

and of which no satisfactory account bas yet Mr. MERCUR. Mr. Speaker, in addition | been rendered. But there was another reputo the objections, which appear to me to be | tation which this bureau established, and that personal to the present Provost Marshal Gen- was its peculiar and unique way of combining eral, it strikes me there are many objections figures. The country was frequently astonto the establishment of this bureau as a per- ished by this rare and peculiar power of com. manent one. The reasons for its existence hining figures, not only during the progress of during the war, were manifest; but it strikes the war, but since we have met here this session.



I refer to the effort made to arrive at the proba- to the letter of General Grant, which, in con- I think, under these circumstances, his recble cost to this Government in case we should nection with other communications of opinion ommending the creation of a distinct system adopt some system of equalizing the bounties made to the committee, induced the committee at the head of which was to be put this officer, to be given to our soldiers. We met here, to adopt this as a feature of their bill. Cer- whose exclusive duty it should be to take care every man of us zealous and warm in his desire tainly the committee were justified in supposing of recruiting and desertions, justified the comto equalize the bounties. But the Provost Var- that the communication of General Grant was mittee in supposing that it was equivalent to a shal' General, with his peculiar combination intended to recommend just what they did. recommendation for a distinct feature in the of'figures, bas again thrown a damper upon us. General Grant, in his subsequent letter, com- administration of the War Department by

It strikes me that the Honse ought with great municated now informally and indrectly to this which these objects should be accomplished unanimity to vote down this section and cause House, has explained that perhaps he was mis- and these measures carried out. this bureau to be abolished.

understood. But that does not alter the fact I say this as I felt it was due to the commitMr. STEVENS. I move to insert the fol. that here was the letter, and this was the char- tee, or a majority of the committee, in justificalowing in the place of the section which it is acter of the recommendation contained in that tion of their action in making this Provost Marproposed to strike out: letter.

shall's Bureau a part of the military system. That the Provost Marshal's Bureau shall be con- The question was the subject of recruit- The House may differ from us; I think they tinued only so long as in the judgment of the Secre- ing and desertion; how the one should be


do. But I am not at all solicitous about this. I tary of War may be necessary to close up the business thereof, not exceeding, however, sis months

moted and the other prevented. Now, sir, it am not disposed to regard it in the light of a from the passage of this act.

is a notorious fact that heretofore recruiting pet measure, however any one may be sharpMr. CONKLING. I will accept the prop- for filling up the ranks of the regular Army of ened in opposition to it. osition of the gentleman from Pennsylvania, the United State has been to a considerable. But, Mr. Speaker, I will add that the

propo[Mr. STEVENS.)

degree a failure. Whose fault it is, I do not sition of the gentleman from Pennsylvania ( Mr. Mr. SCHENCK. My impression is that the undertake now to say, but the fact is incon- STEVENS) should be adopted, or something sense of this House is against the section as it testable that heretofore recruiting has been should be inserted in the bill to continue this stands in the bill, and I certainly do not mean conducted by the detail ofan othicer who wanted bureau in order to finish up the business of the to struggle to keep it there. But it is equally an agreeable visit to a quiet country town or war. If you strike out this section you ought to certain that it is somewhat due to the Commit- a pleasant residence for a time in some city. || put in some provision for six months or some tee on Military Affairs that this blouse should This commissioned officer, while boarding at a other time, such as will prevent the bureau closclearly understand why it was that the com- hotel, and occasionally visiting the rendezvous, || ing at a loss to the Government and a derangemittee believed that in an army bill a feature left the business of recruiting to be performed ment of the military system so far as the trust of this kind should compose one of its parts. by some sergeant, aided, it may be, by a private reposed heretofore in that office is concerned.

I will not go into any question about the or two, also detailed as a portion of the party. I now demand the previous question. character of the present incumbent of the Pro- Thus the work of recruiting was slow and quite Mr. FARQUHAR. I ask the gentleman to vost Marshal General's Office. He is able to inefficient in its general results.

withdraw the call for the previous question. defend that for himself. It is defended by the I remember very well having been compelled Mr. SCHENCK. I will'if the gentleman will history of the war. It is defended by his ser- to turn my attention to the mode in which this

renew it. vices through good report and evil report. business was conducted in a neighboring city, Mr. FARQUHAR. I will. According to the best of his ability, that officer when myself in the military service; and I Mr. Speaker, having served under the orhas so discharged his duty that those in his remember that weck after week and month ders of the Provost Marshal General in the own immediate department, who know best after month the reports of the recruiting offi- || discharge of the duties of a mustering and dishow that duty has been discharged, have no cers, both for the regular Army and for vol- bursing oflicer in the State of Indiana, and such epithets to bestow upon him as that he is unteers, read about in this way: "For the having had personal opportunities to know the an undeserving ollicer.

month of April, total number of recruits four; importance of that system, I feel I should not It is not for me, therefore, to inquire why | total number of deserters four. For the month have discharged my duty to myself, to my gentlemen make personal issues with that offi- of May, total number of recruits three; total State, nor to this House if I should remain cer here, in a debate upon a feature in a mili- number of deserters three."

silent until this vote was taken without saying tary bill which has no reference to persons, but Once in awhile there was at the end of the a word in regard to the manner in which the merely to a plan, a scheme of operations. And month a small margin of one or two recruits, duties of the Provost Marshal General have I here desire to say to the House, in behalf of who might or might not find their way from the been discharged in respect to that State. I the Military Committee, that in all their labor | recruiting station to a place in the ranks. desire to say that in the administration of the of consideration, discussion, inquiry, and other Now, sir, this is as well understood by Gen- officer in charge of that department, I never work tending to the framing of a proper bill eral Grant as anybody else, and in the very did hear any charge made against the efficiency, for the establishment of an army system, they commencement of this letter he says:

against the promptness, against the success of have endeavored to act without reference to

"I do not think the present method of recruiting, the officer in charge of that department, but, persons, having in view only the best schemes as carried out, sufficient to till up the regular Army on the contrary, and I say it with pleasure, the for the attainment of objects which might

to the forco required, or to koop it full when once

duties of that office were performed with eviresult in the public good.

dence of the highest ability and the greatest

Here is the evil of which the Lieutenant
There is nothing about General Fry in this
section. The probability is, that if the section
General complains. The committee came to

satisfaction. During the time I had an opporshould prevail as a part of the bill, General Fry the same conclusion, not merely from his tes

tunity of serving under that officer, a large would be retained in his present position; but timony, but from other facts and other reports

amount of recruits were raised, both to fill it would not necessarily be so. The question

laid before them; and although now, at the I up old regiments and to create new regiments, truly before this House, as a legislative body; | well indeed, the gentleman from Pennsylvania | department. I take pleasure, without entering close of the war, recruiting is going on very

with a success which did not attend the service

when another officer was in charge of that is whether or not the committee were right in supposing that a Provost Marshal General's is very much mistaken in supposing that there

into the controversy, if I may so call it, regardOffice, as a feature of a military system, is

are not desertions, and a great many desertions. needed. Now, upon that subject, gentlemen There is for some reason an unusual proportioning that system in this House and in regard to

the duties and services of that high officer, to have not been quite fair in referring to the tes.

. timony upon which the opinion of the commit

But in this state of fact, what did Lieutenant | ability of that officer in the full discharge of

say to-day that I bear testimony to the highest tee, in favor of such necessity, was based. The General Grant say, when appealed to by the Sec

these duties. gentleman from New York, (Mr. Conkling,] retary of War? He said, "The duty is an import

I will take up but a moment more. What in commenting upon the letter of the Lieuten

ant one, and demands, I think, the exclusive ant General, sent in response to a call made attention of an officer of the War Department.

will be the effect of striking out the section of upon him by the Secretary of War, and offiNot his casual attention in connection with

the bill which proposes to continue that office cially communicated to this House, and by this some other department on the part of the same

as it is now? It will be nothing more than to House referred to the Military Committee, has officer to whom it shall be given. No, sir, his

turn the duties of that office back to the Adjutaken occasion to say that there is nothing in exclusive attention to this matter is required.

tant General's department. We did nothing

more in the creation of that bureau than to detail that letter about recruiting, that it relates to

He says it “demands, I think, the exclusive desertion. attention of an officer of the War Department,

an officer from the War Department to perform Mr. CONKLING. The gentleman misunderaided by a well-organized system.” That is

its duty. By striking out that from the bill you stood me. I said that there was nothing in the not different from what the provost marshal is

will turn it back to the Adjutant General's de

partment. What will then be done? The War communication about a continuation of the Pro

There must be an officer who shall de

Department will detail the same officer, bear. vost Marshal General's Bureau ; that it referred

vote himself exclusively to this business, aided simply to the business in which that bureau by a well-organized system extending over the ing the same rank, receiving the same pay,

with the same assistants, for that purpose. should be employed while it exists. country. He says:

cannot, therefore, see much economy in taking Mr. SCHENCK. And that its employment

"I think the officer hest fitted for that position by the bureau from the position it now occupies. was to be in the arrest of deserters.

his experience during the present war is General
Fry, and would recommend that the whole subject

I renew the demand for the previous question. Mr. CONKLING. No, sir; I did not say of recruiting be put in his hands, and all officers on Mr. SCHENCK. I think the amendment that.

recruiting duty be directed to report to him." proposed by the gentleman from Pennsylvania, Mr. SCHENCK. Then I misunderstood He then goes a step further, and proposes to [Mr. Stevens, ] limiting the time, if ihe secthe gentleman.

confer upon this officer everything relating to tion is to be stricken out, ought to be made a I wish now to call the attention of the House the apprehension of desorters.

part of the bill.


The previous question was seconded and the gentleman from Illinois [Mr. WENTWORTH] to The Clerk read, as follows: main question ordered ; and under the opera- give a notice to the House, and not for a

WAR DEPARTMENT, tion thereof the amendment was agreed to. debate. I must resume the floor.

PAYMASTER GENERAL'S OXFICE, The Clerk read the next section, as follows: The amendment proposed by the gentleman

WisuXGTON, April 16, 1866.

SIR: In compliance with your request, I have the SEC. 21. And be it further enacted, that the medical from New York (Mr. Hale] in behalf of the honor to suggest the reasons for my conviction that depariment of the Army shall heroaiter consist of

gentleman from Wisconsin (Mr. Paine) fixes tho muumber of paymasters (forty) providel in your ouc surgeon encral, with the rank, pay, and emoluments of a brizadlier gencral: one assistant surthe number of oflicers who may be detailed

bill for the reorganization of the Army is quitein

sufficient for the necessities of the services. After a gcon general, witir the rank, pay, and emoluments as medical purveyors, as provided for in the

full consideration of the subject, lim well conviuced of a colonel of cavalry; cighty surgeons, with tho rank, pay, and emoluments of majors of cavalry;

twenty-second section; but it transfers them that a less number than the one fixed in tbe Senato one hundred and sixty assistant surgeons, with tho to this twenty-first section, making them re

bill (sixty) will prove inadequate-au unsase allow

ance. rank, pily, and emoluments of first lieutenants of sponsible bonded ollicers. There is a pro- Our troops are now being disposed of in the estab. cavalry for the first three years' service, and with the rank, pay, and emoluments of captains of civ

priety in this, because there is very consider- lisbment of small posts all over the public domain alry alter three years service; and five medical store- able trust reposed in these officers; and there

on both slopes of the Rocky mountains. From the

head waters of the Missouririver down the plains and keepers, with the saine compensation as is now pro- has been a very great deal of abuse, leading to through the mountain passes to the intersection of vided by law, and at least two thirds of the original | trouble, in the Surgeon General's department

the south line of the United States with the Colorado vacancies in the grades of surgoon and assistant surgeon shall be filled by selection from among the arising from the proceedings of detailed medi

river. On the upper Mississippi, in the expanse of persons who have served as staff or regimental surcal purveyors.

Indian country lying between the waters of the Mis

sissippi and Missouri rivers, extending north almost goods or assistant surgeons of volunteers in the Army

I wish the House to understand that if this to tho line of the British possessions. Then, on the of the United States liyo years during the late war, and ono tbird from similar officers of the regular amendment to the twenty-first section shall

Pacific slope, froin Los Angelos, in California, to tho

upper confines of Washington Territory. Ariny; and persons who have served as assistant prevail, I shall move to strike out the twenty- Our Army establishment proposed is to be fourfold burgons three years in the rolunteer service shall be second section.

larger than before the war, and with probably three eligible for promotion to the grade of captain.

Mr. HARDING, of Illinois. I demand the

times as inany military posts as over heretofore exMr. CONKLING. I move to amend this previous question on the section, with the pend

isted in the history of the country. Most of these

latter are in the ranges of the Indians, where travel section by inserting after the word “selection" the words "by competitive examination.".

overland by paymasters with money must of necesing amendinent.

I do not wish to argue it because it argues itself, | the main question ordered, being upon the

The previous question was seconded and sity be under the protection of military escorts. I am

sure that no one in the service has had more varied

and abundant experience in that sort of locomotion so far as it is susceptible of argument. As the amendment offered by Mr. HALE.

than I have had. For the most part of ten years. I scction stands now, very likely that is the

The question was put, and there were-ayes

was engaged in paying troops in New Mexico, Aridesign.

zona, western Texas, and on the plains of the West MISCHENCK. Does the gentleman intend 54, noes 21; no quorum voting.

north of the Arkansas river and extending up to Fort

Tellers were ordered ; and Messrs. Hale and Randall, on the upper Missouri river. any change in the present mode of examinaRoss were appointed.

Such traveling has to be done with wagons to carry tion, which is, to note the degree of excellence

the supplies for tho party, including the escort, ein

The House divided ; and the tellers reported bracing subsistence. camp equipage, cooking utensils. and select from those who stand highest? Mr. COVKLING. If that is the mode, then -ayes 70, noes 25.

&c. A train of this character can only make twenty So the amendment was agreed to.

to thirty miles per day, and where it is not practiiait accomplishes what I supposed was intended.

ble to carry or procure forage for the animals ever a In one of the Senate bills these words were

The twenty-second section was then read, as less distance is made per day from the necessity of follows:

giving ample time for the animals to graze. retained. The chairman of the committee seems to think it is all right.

SEC. 22. And be it further enacted, That the Secre

It will be readily seen from this how slow is loco

motion on the plains when large sumns of money are tary of War may dctail a surgeon as chief medical The amendinent was agreed to.

at stake and must be protected; and how little can purveyor, who, while performing such duty, shall be

be accomplished in a given time by a single paymaster Jr. SCHENCK. General PAINE has an in charge of the principal purchasing and issuing

under such circumstances. depot of medical supplies, and shall have the rank, amendment which I think the House will prob.

As an instance of the past: when Fort Laramie pay, and emoluments of a colonel of cavalry; and ably approve, one which, if it prevails, will the Secretary of War may in like inanner detail not

was our extreme western post this side of the Rocky

mountains, with only one (Fort Kearney) intermediobviate the necessity for the next section. The to exceed five medical officers as assistant medical

ate between that and Fort Leavenworth, cach twopurveyors, who, while performing such duty in the amendment, I believe, is somewhere in the different geographicaldivisions or departments, shall

company posts, a paymaster supplied with funds at

Leavenworth set out to pay the four companies staHouse. I have not been able to get it and have the rank, pay, and emolumenty of licutenant tioned respectively at Kearney and Laramic-tho offer it as he requested. colonels of cavalry.

distance to the latter from Leavenworth seven hunMr. HALE. " I have the amendment which

Mr. SCHENCK. I move that that section

dred and thirty miles. Here is the result:

Dars. the gentleman from Wisconsin [Mr. Paine] || be stricken out.

Going 730 miles, at 20 miles per day. wished to propose, and I offer it on his behalf. The motion was agreed to.


.36 I will not argue it.

Paying, refitting, and other unavoidable delays... 4

The twenty-third section was then read, as The Clerk read the amendment, as follows: follows:


.76 In section twenty-one, line five, after the word SEC. 23. And be it further enacted, That the pay casalry." insert the following:

Thus, to pay only four companies situnted as dedepartment of the Army shall hereafter consist of Trro chief incdical purveyors, and fire assistant

scribed, starting from the nearest point where money medical purveyors, with the rank, pay, and


one paymaster general, with the rank, pay, and emol-
uments of a brigadier general; two assistant paymas-

was availablo, required two and one half months of ments of lieutenant colonels of cavalry, who shall ter generals, with the rank, pay, and emoluments of

time. Suppose the most favorable condition of things, give the saine honds which are or may be required colonels of cavalry; two assistant paymaster gen

and this time could not be reduced to less than two of assistant paymasters general of like grade, and

months. erals, with the rank, pay, and emoluments of lieutensball, when not acting as purveyors, be assignable

It may be thought that escorts and trains are exant colonels of cavalry; and forty paymasters, with to duty as surgeons by the President.

pensive appliances for the mere conveyance of paythe rank, pay, and emoluments of majors of cavalry:

masters in the execution of their duties; but properly Mr. SCHENCK. Mr. Speaker and the original vacancies in the grade of'majorshali

considered tbey are not so. The transportation be filled by selections from those persons who have Mr. WENTWORTH. Will my friend yield served faithfully as paymasters or additional pay

material is necessarily kept on hand at the proper to me one moment to give a notice ?

depots to meet the various exigencies of the service, masters in the Army of the United States in the late

and it is as weli employed as idle. Mr. SCHENCK. Yes, sir.

And hereafter nograduate of the United States

So of the troops used as escorts. Nothing is added Military Acadeiny, being at the time in the Army

to the current expenses of the Government, while the EVENING BUSINESS. of the United States, or having been at any time

moral effect, upon the Indians, of these frequent Mr. WENTWORTH. I give notice to the

for three years next preceding, shall be eligible


excursions through their country is unquestionably appointment as an officer in the pay department. House, and also to the Speaker, that to-night


Mr. THAYER. I move to amend that sec- If before the war, with an average of twelve thouduring the pendency of the Pacific railroad bill I shall call for the rigid enforcement of tion by adding thereto the following:

sand men, twenty-five paymasters werescarcely suffi

cient for the demand, is it not reasonable to calculato the rules of the House in respect to the lobby.

But this provision shall not extend to graduates that with a force of fifty to seventy thousand, and of West Point now in the pay department.

with the number of stations from two to three times It is getting to be a large and powerful insti

The amendment was agreed to.

increased, that sixty paymasters are not too many? tution. I think we can run the machine alone.

I treat of a subject entirely familiar to me in makI give the doorkeepers notice.

Mr. SCHENCK. I am instructed by the ing my estimate. And I much question if futuro Dir. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. I would Committee on Military Affairs to move to amend

experience does not demonstrate that estimato to bo

sbort rather than in excess of the demand. ask whether it is the intention to take a vote on

this section by striking out in line seven the I beg to recur to another point in yours as well as the Pacific railroad bill to-night.

word “forty,
and inserting " fifty' in lieu | the Senato bill which I venturo to suggest needs

Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I hope
thereof. Sixty were asked for and are still

Your twenty-third section provides, "that the pay there will be no attempt to do business unless

asked for, but the committee determined upon department of the Army shall hereafter consist of there is a quorum present.

forty. But the committee have instructed me ono paymaster general, with the rank, puy, and Mr. PRICE. In answer to the gentleman now to move to strike out "forty' and insert

emoluments of a brigadier general," &c. Now, why

is it not better that it read thus: that the paymaster from Pennsylvania, (Mr. RANDALL,] I will say

"fifty,'' and in explanation of that determina | general shall have the rank, pay, &c., of a brigadier that that is the intention.

tion I will simply ask to have read a communi- general, and that the pay department of the Ariny Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I am very cation from General Brice, the head of that

shall hereafter consist of such paymaster general, two

assistant paymaster gencrals, &c. sorry to hear the gentleman state that it is the department.

Your phraseology used will result in making a intention to obtain a vote on this measure to:

I know, sir, that the heads of departments vacancy in the office of paymaster general, tho presnight, a measure which I undertake to say is are very apt to ask for all they think they can

ent incumbent holding only the rank of colonel.

Now, as that incumbent has exercised the functions of more importance than any which will come

get, but I know of no man on whose good sense of the oflice for near two years and through the most before this House, involving $60,000,000 and

and clearness of judgment in reference to the important and difficult era of its history, if there is ad amount of land so great thataffairs of his department I would more rely than

cutertained no purpose to require him to give place

to another, then the act of legislating him out of scrSereral MEBERS. “ Order!" "Order!" upon that of General Brice.

vice can only embarrass while serving no good end. I give to the IIouse his opinion in reference He was only very recently confirmed as Paymaster REORGANIZATION OF THE ARJIY--AGAIN. to this matter by having his letter read. I ask

General, and without opposition.

Thoact passing in its present forın, as to the action Mr. SCHENCK. I gave way to allow the the Clerk to read it.

in question, and to tako effect from its passage, there



Asahel W. Hubbard, Hulburd, Jenckes, Julian, Kagson, Kelley, Kelso, Ketcham, Latham, Loan, Longyear, Marshall, Marvin, McClurg, McRner, Miercur, Miller, Moorhead, Morrill, Morris, Moulton. Nowell, Niblack, O'Neill, Orth, Patterson, Perham, Price, Williain II. Randall, Jolin H. Rice, Ritter. Ross, Stevens, Francis Thomas, Trowbridge, Upson, Elihu B. Washburne, William B. Washburn, Wentworth, James F. Wilson, Stephen F. Wilson, Windom, and Woodbridge-68.

NAYS-0. NOT VOTING- Messrs. Alley, Anderson, James M. Ashley, Birker, Bullwin, Birker, Baxter, Benjamin, Bergen, Blaine, Blow, Boutwell, Boyer, Brandogee, Bromwell, Buckland, Chander, Reader W. Clarkc. Coflroth, Conkling, Cook, Cullom, Culver, Davis, Dawson, Defrees, Delano, Deming. Denison, Donnelly, Driggs, Dumont, Ekles, Eldridge, Farnsworth, Farquhar, Garfield, Glossbrenner, Goodlver, Griswold. Aaron llardins, larris, Hart, llayes, Highy, Hill, lloran, Ilolmes, llooper, Ilotchkiss, Chester 1. llubbard, Dewasllubbarl, John II. Hlubbarid, Edwin N. llubbell, James R. Tubbell, James Humphrey, James M. Ilumphrey, Ingersoll, Johnson, Jones, Korr, Kuykendall, Laflin, George V. Lawrence, William Lawrence, LeBlond, Lynch, Marston, McCullough, M:Indoe, McKee, Myers, Nicholson, Noell, Paine, Phelps, Pike, Plants, Pomeroy, Rauford, Samuel J. Randall, Raymond, Alexander II. Rice, Rogers, Rollins, Rousseau, Sawyer, Schenck, Scofield, Shanklin, Shellabarger, Sitgreaves, Sloan. Smith. Spalding, Starr, Stilwell, Strouse, Taber, Taylor, Thayer, John L. Thomas, Thornton, Trimble, Van Aernam, Burt Van llorn, Robert T. Van llorn. Ward, Warner, Henry D. Washburn. Welker, Whaley, Williams, Winfield, and Wright-115.

The SPEAKER stated that no quorum bad voted.

During the roll-call,

Mr. LATHAM stated that Mr. ELDRIDGE was detained from the House by sickness in his family.

The result having been announced as above stated,

Mr. WILSON, of Iowa, moved a call of the House, and on that motion called for the yeas

Is any

and nays.

will be an inter regnum during the time required for received. If there is no objection it will be
the action of the appointing power and the Senate, referred to the Committee on Appropriations.
which will likely embrace days, perhaps weeks, as all
the vacancies made under that section will likely be No objection was made, and it was referred
prepared and sent up in one list.

Vory respectfully, your obedient servant,

Paymaster General. Mr. TROWBRIDGE, from the Committee
Hon. ROBERT C. SCIENCK, Chairman Military Com- on Enrolled Bills, reported that the committee
mittee Ilouse of Representatives.

had examined and found truly enrolled an act The question was taken on Mr. SCHENCK'S (H. R. No. 500) making appropriations to supamendment; and there were--ayes 51, noes 21; ply deficiencies in the appropriation for the pub. no quorum voting.

lic printing for the fiscal year ending June 30,
Tellers were ordered ; and Messrs. GRINNELL 1866; when the Speaker signed the same.
and Boyer were appointed.

The hour of half past four o'clock having
Mr. ROSS demanded the yeas and nays. arrived,
The yeas and nays were ordered.

The House, pursuant to an order adopted
Mr. ŠCHENCKI suppose if we adjourn || yesterday, took a recess till half past seven
now the yeas and nays can be taken to-mor- o'clock p. m.
The SPEAKER. If the House is in session

EVENING SESSION. at balf past four o'clock, it will, under the order of yesterday, take a recess until halt past

The House reassembled at half past seven seven o'clock. If it adjourns before that time,

o'clock p. m. it will be to meet to-morrow at twelve o'clock.

DUTY ON LIVE ANIMALS. Mr. SCHENCK. If that is to be the effect Mr. MORRILL. I ask unanimous consent of a motion to adjourn now, then I will not to introduce a bill imposing a duty on live animake it.

mals imported from foreign countries, and that Mr. ROSS. I move that the House do now it be acted upon by the House at this time. If adjourn.

there is a single objection, I will not press it. Mr. PRICE. Cannot the House now take Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. a recess by unanimous consent?

business in order this evening but reports from The SPEAKER. A recess can be taken the Committee on the Pacific Railroad? now by unanimous consent; or a motion to The SPEAKER. Only by unanimous contake a recess until half past seven o'clock sent. The House is now acting the same as it would be in order.

is in a day session when considering a special Mr. SPALDING. I move that the House order. now take a recess.

Mr. MORRILL. I will state briefly the neThe SPEAKER. The motion to adjourn | cessity for the passage of this bill. When the takes precedence.

reciprocity treaty expired we failed to pass any Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I call the bill on the subject; and, therefore, now have no yeas and nays upon the motion to adjourn. duties upon live animals, whether imported from The yeas and nays were ordered.

Canada or from any other country. I am inThe question was taken ; and it was decided formed that at the present time the owners of in the negative-yeas 26, nays 71, not voting sheep upon the other side of the line are driving 86; as follows:

then over into the United States, and having YEAS- Messrs. Bergen, Boyer, Chapler, Delano, them kept, proposing that they shall remain Eldridge, Finck, Glossbrenner, Griswold, Ilale, Aaron here until after they are shorn, when of course Harding, Hayes, Chester D. Hubbard, Latham, Mar

they can be driven back. They may thus be shall, Marston, Nicholson, Ritter, Ross, Shanklin, Spalding, Taber, Thayer. Thornton, Elihu B. Wash- able to introduce wool into this country without burne, Williams, and Wright-26.

the payment of any duty. NAYS-- Messrs. Allison, Ames, Anderson, Baker,

Mr. JENCKES. Does not the order of
Banks, Baxter, Beaman, Benjamin, Bidwell, Bing-
ham, Broomall, Buckland, Bundy. Sidney Clarke,

business for this evening's session preclude the
Cobb, Conkling, Darling, Dawes, Defrees. Deming, consideration of any other business except
Dixon, Dodge, Donnelly, Driggs, Garfield, Grinnell,
Henderson, Higby, Hulburd, Jenckes, Julian, Kas-

reports from the Committee on the Pacific son, Kelley, Kelso, Ketcham, Kuykendall, Lalin,

Railroad? George V. Lawrence, William Lawrence, Loan, Long- The SPEAKER. It does not, unless objecyear, Lynch, Marvin, McClurg, McRuer, Mereur,

tion is made.
Miller, Moorhead, Myers, Niblack, O'Neill.Orth, Pat-
terson. Perham, Price, William II. Randall, John II.

Mr. JENCKES. I object
Rice, Rollins, Schenck. Trowbridge, Upson, Burt Van business.
Ilorn, Robert T. Van llorn, Warner, William B.
Washburn. Welker, Wentworth, Whaley, James F.

Wilson, Windom, and Woodbridge-71.

Mr. PRICE. Three weeks ago yesterday I
NOT VOTING - Messrs. Alley, Ancona, Delos R.
Ashley, James M. Ashley, Baldwin, Barker, Blaine, 1. reported, by direction of the Committee on the
Blow, Boutwell, Brandegee, Bromwell, Reader W. Pacific Railroad, Senate bill No. 83, entitled
Clarke, Coffroth, Cook, Cullom, Culver, Davis, Daw-
son, Denison, Dumont, Eckley, Eggleston, Eliot,

“An act to extend the time for completing cer-
Farnsworth. Farquhar, Ferry, Goodyear, Grider, Ab- tain land-grant railroads in the States therein
ner C. Harding. Harris, Hart, Hill, Hogan, Holmes, named." That bill was ordered to be printed,
Hoopor, Hotchkiss, Asahel W. Hubbard, Demas Hub-
bari, John H. Hubbard, Edwin N. Hubbell, James

and was made the special order for the Monday R. Hubbell, James Humphrey, James M. Humphrey, following-two weeks ago yesterday. We find Ingersoll, Johnson, Jones, Kerr, Le Blond, McCul- that there are several inaccuracies in the printed lough, McIndoe, McKge, Morrill, Morris, Moulton, Newell, Noell, Paine, Phelps, Pike, Plants, Pomeroy,

bill; and under the instruction of the committee, Radford, Samuel J. Randall, Raymond, Alexander I now move that the bill be recommitted to the H. Rice, Rogers, Rousseau, Sawyer, Scofield, Shella- committee. burger, Sitgreaves. Sloan, Smith, Starr, Stevens, Stilwell, Strouse, Taylor, Francis Thomas, John L.

Mr. KASSON. I have prepared a substitute Thomas, Trimble. Van Aernam, Ward, Henry D. Wash- for this bill. I desire that it shall be printed, burn, Stephen F. Wilson, and Winfield-86.

and referred to the same committee. So the motion to adjourn was not agreed to. Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. On the During the roll-call,

motion of the gentleman from Iowa [Mr. PRICE] Mr. BROOMALL announced that Mr. Starr I call for a division. I have no objection to was detained from the House by sickness. this bill going to the commiitee; but I protest

Mr. VAN HORN, of New York, announced against business being done to night without a that Mr. PAINE was detained from the House quorum. on account of sickness.

On the motion to recommit the bill, there The result of the vote was stated as above. were-ayes 20, noes 3; no quorum voting.

Mr. WINDOM. I call for the yeas and nays. CAPTURE OF BOOTH AND HAROLD.

The yeas and nays were ordered. The SPEAKER. A communication was The question was taken ; and there werereceived a few days since from the Secretary yeas 68, nays 0, not voting 115; as follows: of War in relation to the rewards for the cap- YEAS-Messrs. Allison, Ames, Ancona, Delos R. ture of the assassins Booth and Harold, which Ashley, Banks, Beaman, Bidwell, Bingham, Broomshould go to the Committee on Appropriations.

all, Bundy. Sidney Clarke, Cobb, Darlins, Dawes,

Dixon, Dodge, Esgleston, Eliot, Ferry, Finck, GriIt was laid upon the table at the time it was der, Grinnell, Hale, Abner C. Harding, Henderson,

any other

The yeas and nays were ordered.

The question was taken ; and it was decided in the allirmative-yeas 71, nays 13, not voting 99; as follows:

YEAS-Messrs. Allison, Ames, Ancona, Delos R. Ashley, Baker. Banks, Baxter, Bergen, Bidwell, Boyer, Broomall, Buckland, Bundy, Cobb, Cook, Darling, Dawes. Delano. Dixon, Douge, Donnelly, Eggleston, Eliot, Ferry, Finck, Grinnell, Ilale, Abner C. Harding, Ilenderson, Asahel W. Hubbard, James R. Hubbell, Julian, Kasson, Kelley, Kelso, Ketcham. Lalin, Loan, Longyear, McClurg, VeRuer, Miller, Moorhead, Morrill, Moulton, Myers, Nicholson, O'Neill, Orth, Patterson, Perbai, Price, Samuel J. Randall, William H. Randall, John Il. Rice, Smith, Spalding, Stevens, Taber, Thayer, Francis Thomas, Troir bridge, Upson, Robert T. Van Horn, Elihu B. Washburne, William B. Washburn, Wentworth. James F. Wilson, Stephen F. Wilson, Windom, and Woodbridge-71.

NAYS-Messrs. Beaman, Ilolines, Hulburd, Jenckes, Latham. Marshall. Marvin. Mercur, Newell, Niblack, Ritter, Rogers, and Ross-13.

NOT VOTING – Messrs. Alley, Anderson, James M. Ashley, Baldwin, Barker, Benjamin, Bingham, Blaine, Blow, Boutwell, Brandegec, Bromwell, Chan. ler, Reader W. Clarke, Sidney Clarke, Coffroth, Conkling.Cullom, Culver, Davis, Dawson, Defrees, Deming, Denison. Driggs, Dumont, Eckley, Eldridge, Farnsworth, Farquhar, Garfield, Glossbrenner, Goodyear, Grider, Griswold, Aaron Harding, Harris, Hart, Ilaycs, lligby, llill, Hogan, Hooper, Hotchkiss, Chester D. Hubbard, Dcuas Ilubbard, John II. Hubbard, Edwin N. IIubbell, Jiunes llumphrey, Jauces M.Humphrey, Ingersoll, Johnson, Jones, Kerr, Kuykendall, George V. Lawrence, William Latyrence, Le Blond, Lynch, Marston, McCullough, McIndoe, Mckee, Morris, Noell, Paine, Phelps, Pike, Plants, Pomeroy, Radford, Raymond, Alexander II. Rice, Rollins, Rousseau, Sawyer, Schenck, Scofield, Shanklin, Shellaharger, Sitgreaves. Sloan, Starr, Stilwell, Strouse, Taylor, Jolm L. Thomas, Thornton, Trimble, Van Acrnamn, Burt Van Horn, Ward, Warner, Henry D. Washburn, Welker, Whaley, Williams, Winfield, and Wright-99.

So a call of the House was ordered.

The Clerk then proceeded to call the roll, and the following members failed to answer to their names:

Messrs. Alley, Delos R. Ashley, James M. Ashley, Balılwin, Barker, Benjamin, Blaine, Blow, Boutwell, Brandegee, Bromwell, Chanler, Reader W. Clarke, Cofiroth, Conkling, Cullom, Culver, Davis, Dawson, Detrees, Deming, Denison, Dumont, Eckley, Eldridge, Farusworth, Farquhar, Glossbrenner, Goodyear, Griswold, Aaron llarding, Ilarris, Hart, Hayes, Ilill, liogan, Hooper, Hotchkiss, Chester D. Hubbard, Demas Hubbard, John H. Hubbard, Edwin N. llubbell, James Humphrey, Ingersoll, Johnson, Jones, Kerr, Kuykendall, George V, Lawrence, William Lawrence, Le Blond, Lynch. McCullough, McIndoe, Mckee, Morris, Noell, Paine, Phelps, Pike, Plants. Pomeroy, Radford, Raymond, Alexander II. Rice, Rousseau, Sawyer, Schenck, Shellabarger, Sitgreaves, Sloan, Starr, Stilwell, Strouse, Taylor, John L. Thomas, Thornton, Trimble, Van Aernam, Burt Van Horn, Ward, Welkor, Wbaley, and Winfield.


The SPEAKER stated that ninety-eight mem- and operation of said railroad, as provided by this gentleman's question I will state that this bers had answered to their names. act, &c.

company is not organized under any act of Mr. WILSON, of Iowa, moved that all fur- The amendment was agreed to.

Congress. We have in the State of Iowa no ther proceedings under the call be dispeased Third amendment:

special charters; the coinpanies are all organwith.

Add to the fourth section:

ized under the general corporation law. This The motion was agreed to.

And the said company may also form a connection one is organized under that law. It is the only

with Brownsville, on the Missouri river, upon the The question then recurred on the motion to same terms, and with the aid hereinbefore mentioned,

company which has been organized for the recommit, no quorum having appeared on the but the lands granted by this section shall not be purpose of constructing a road through the last vote.

selected within eight miles of the southern boundary section of the State through which this road is

of the Territory of Nebraska; and no lands shall be The motion was agreed to; and accordingly selected under a grant berotofore made to aid in the

to pass, and it is in accordance with the laws the bill was recommitted.

construction of the extension of the Burlington and of Iowa. It is a corporation that is entirely Mr. KASSON. I now submit the substitute

Missouri River railroad within eight iniles of said satisfactory to the people of that State, a cor

southern boundary of the Territory of Nebraska. to which I referred, and move that it be printed

poration which is indorsed by all those who

The amendment was agreed to. and referred to the Committee on the Pacific

are interested directly in the construction of Railroad.

Mr. PRICE. This bill, Mr. Speaker, pro- this road and in the development of the counThe motion was agreed to.

poses a grant of lands, if there are any unoc- try through which it will pass, and there can Mr. JENCKES moved to reconsider the vote cupied, to a railroad on the southern line of be no objection to it on that ground.

The by which the bill and substitute were referred; Iowa, running to the Missouri river.

Mr. KASSON. I would ask my colleague and also moved that the motion to reconsider company has been organized and is building to yield to me a moment of his time to offer be laid upon the table. the road.

an amendment. The latter motion was agreed to.

They ask for the passage of this bill, not so Mr.PRICE. I cannot yield foran amendment.

much for the lands they get, because there are Mr. KASSON. I will state to my colleague REVENUE ASSESSORS.

but few lands there that are not taken, but why I want this amendment adopted more fully Mr. MILLER, by unanimous consent, moved because it will aid them some in the way of than I have done. This proposed railroad runs that the bill which he introduced yesterday to credit. The parties who are more immediately about one hundred and forty miles through my allow United States revenue assessors to ap- interested in this in Missouri, Iowa, Nebraska, district, and consequently my constituents are point deputies be ordered to be printed. and Kansas have no objection to the bill as deeply interested in it. Under these circumThe motion was agreed to.

reported by the committee, I believe. I think stances I ask him if it is not proper for him to IOWA AND MISSOURI STATE LINE RAILROAD.

I have seen all the gentlemen who represent yield to me.

those States and Territories I have named, and Mr. PRICE, from the Committee on the they are willing that the bill should pass as

Mr. PRICE. Certainly. I have no objec

tions to the gentleman's offering his amend. Pacific Railroad, reported back House bill No.

reported. It passed the committee after thor- ment. I have three colleagues, all of whose 304, granting land to the lowa and Missouri ough examination without a dissenting vote, districts run down to the Missouri river, and State Line Railroad Company, and for other and I did not suppose there would be any op- all of whom are interested in this bill; but I purposes, with sundry amendments. Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. Has the position to it in the House, or I should not cannot yield for an amendinent that will kill

the bill. bill been printed?

Mr. SPALDING. I desire to ask a question. Mr. KASSON. I think that when my colMr. PRICE. It has.

I desire to know how long this railroad may be? league hears the amendment he will see that it Mr. RANDALL, of Pennsylvania. But not Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. It will be about does not kill the bill, but that on the contrary the amendments. two hundred and fifty miles in length.

it will meet the approbation of the House. Mr. PRICE. They are few,

Mr. SPALDING. And it takes ten sections My first amendment is to add the following Mr. WRIGHT. This is another of the gift

of land on each side for each mile of the road. enterprises. [Laughter.]

Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. On paper it looks The bill was read.

And prorided further, That no lands shall be at any as if it would take ten sections on each side, time patented to said company which are situated First amendinent: but I will state that owing to the lands having

more than twenty miles westward of the terminus Page 5, section four, in lines six and seven, strike been sold and granted to other companies this

of the said railroad at the time the patents are issued. out the words "the point where it may strike the Missouri river,'' and insertin lieu thereof, "Nebraska

company cannot, by any possibility, receive I will state the reason why I ask my colleague City;" so that it will read:

under this bill to exceed forty thousand acres. I to accept this amendment. There is but a limSec. 4. And be it further enacted, That for the pur- do not think they can find overtwenty thousand.

ited amount of land to be had. Without this pose of enabling said Iowa and Missouri State Line

Mr. SPALDING. Is there not a provision

limitation, prohibiting the anticipation of lands Railroad Company to effect a connection with the Union Pacific railroad or any branch thereof, at a in it that enables the companies, where the situate at a distance, the effect of the general point not further westthan the one hundredth merid- Government lands are already taken, to locate grant would be to exhanst all the lands, some ian of weat longitude, the said company is hereby nuthorized to extend its line from Nebraska City to some the sections somewhere else?

one hundred and fifty miles ahead of the road, point to be selected by it within the limitation above Mr. WILSON, of lowa. No, sir; it confines to aid in building the first twenty miles. If the prescribed, upon the same terms and conditions, and them to the strip of twenty iniles.

road should then stop in the first district, all with the like aid and privileges, that are granted to the Burlington and Missouri River Railroad Com

Mr. SPALDING. Twenty miles each way.

the lands situate in my district would be applied pany by sections eighteen, nineteen, and twenty of

Mr. WILSON, of lowa. This road runs to build the road before it reaches my district an act in relation to the construction of a railroad through one of the most densely settled por- at all. I cannot consent to this, without givand telegraph line to the Pacific ocean, approved July 2, 1861: Provided, That no lands in this section

tions of Iowa, where the lands have almost ing away to others the means that should be granted shall be taken from any grants or reserva

entirely been sold, and it is only here and there applied to aid the road in my district. This tions heretofore made by the United States. that a piece remains undisposed of.

amendment prevents drawing land more than The amendment was agreed to.

And I will state further, that if any company

twenty miles west of the terminns at the time. Second amendment:

is entitled to receive aid from the Government Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. I think there is no Page 2, line twenty-two, after the word "to" in

this is one, and for this reason : it is a com- objection to that amendment. poi further than twenty miles from said roaa pany which is not under the control of persons

Mr. DELANO. I cannot understand exand not including alternato scctions reserved;" so it residing elsewhere. It is controlled by the actly what is going on here. Let me make an will read:

That, for the purpose of aiding the Iowa and Mis- citizens of the State residing near the line of inquiry. I desire to know what is the western souri State Linc Railroad Company (the same being the road. And the construction is being con

terminus of this road. a corporation organized under the laws of the State ducted in this way: the farmers, mechanics,

Mr. KASSON. It is proposed to begin at of Iowa) to construct and operate a railroad on or near the Statc line of Iowa and Missouri, between and citizens generally have subscribed to it, or near l'armington, in Van Buren county, the Mississippi and Missouri rivers, or to connect paying their subscriptions in work, in ties,

Iowa, where it connects with the railroad to with the Des Moines Valley railroad ator near Farmington, in the State of Iowa, running thence to and

in materials, and portions in money. It is for Keokuk, connecting there with other roads leadalong the said State line, as near as practicable, to the purpose of aiding them in the completion ing to the Des Moines valley. My colleague some point on the cast bank of the Missouri river, of it that this grant is asked, and it is a very

from the first district stated here the amount there is hereby granted to said railroad company every alternato section of land, designated by odd small pittance considering the magnitude of

of lands which should be granted, in which I numbers, to the extent of ten sections per mile on the work.

concur, that it would not probably be more than each side of said road; but in case it shall appear Mr. SPALDING. Does the chairman of fifty thousand acres. The people of that rethat the United States have, when the line of said

the committee hold the floor? road is definitely located, sold any section, or any

gion of the country are very much interested part thereof, granted as aforesaid, or that the right

Mr. PRICE. I do.

in this road and are doing all they can to proof prei-mption or homestead settlement has attached Mr. SPALDING. I ask the Speaker to mote the enterprise by calling meetings and to the same, or that the same has been reserved by recognize me to make a motion, after he is

entering into subscriptions. the United States for any purpose whatever, then it shall be the duty of the Secretary of the Interior to

through with his remarks, to refer this bill to Mr. DELANO. Where do you expect to cause to be selected for the purposes aforesaid, from the Committee on Public Lands, for I think obtain the lands if you do not find them within the public lands of the United States nearest to, and not further than twenty miles from said road and not

we ought to know something about the amount ten miles of the road? including alternate sections reserved, the sections of land that is to be taken by this bill.

Mr. KASSON. My colleague who is upon above specified, so much land as shall be equal to Mr. HIGBY. I ask the chairman of the the committee can answer that question better the amount to such lands as the United States have sold, reserved, or otherwise appropriated, or to which committee if this company is working under

than I can. the right of homestead settlement or preemption has an act of Congress.

Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. They are confined attached as aforesaid, which lands, thus indicated by Mr. PRICE. I will yield to my colleague to twenty, miles of the road. the direction of the Secretary of the Interior, shall through whose district this road runs to reply.

Mr. KASSON. be reserved and held for the use of said company by

That seems to me a very the said Secretary for the purpose of the construction Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. In reply to the reasonable limitation.


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