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the flag "a damned old rag.” At this junc- The committee felt that in this case, in the The question being taken on the passage of ture olå Ishmael Day rushed instantly up stairs, case of this old man of seventy-four years of the bill, it was decided in the affirmativewhere he kept two guns loaded, seized one, shot age, who, in the midst of that treacherous com- yeas 107, nays 13, not voting 63; as follows: and killed the traitor who had insulted the na- munity in which he lived, remained firm and YEAS- Messrs. Allison, Ames, Ancona, Andertional flag, and immediately, with the other gun, true to the flag of his country; who never re- son, Delos R. Ashley, Baker, Baldwin, Banks, Baxhe pursued the remaining rebel, who succeeded tired at night but he prayed a prayer for our

ter, Bidwell, Bingham, Blaine, Broomall, Buckland,

Bundy, Reader W. Clarke, Sidney Clarke, Cobb, in making his escape. Very soon the whole | imperiled nation and never rose in the morn- Coftroth. Conkling, Cook, Davis, Delano, Dixon, party of raiders came upon the old man, ing but he raised the flag over his door-step ; Dodge, Donnelly, Driggs, Eggleston, Eldridge, Farnsthreatened his life, and burned and destroyed who, when that flag was torn down by a ruth.

Worth, Farquhar, Ferry, Finck, Garfield, Goodyear,

Abner C. Harding, llaves, Henderson. Higby, llogan, his property, being all that he possessed in the less hand, shot the traitor who did it ; and who Hooper, Asahe! W. Hlubbard, Chester D. Ilubbird, world.

in consequence of that act was sent forth in his Elwin N. Hubbell, James R. Hubbell, Hulburd, The matter was presented to the considera- oid age to wander upon the face of the earth

Ingersoll, Jenckes, Julian, Kelley, Kelso, Ketebam,

kuykendall, Latham, George V. Lawrence, Lynch, tion of the late President of the United States, without a roof' to shelter him-in this case the

Marshall, Marvin, Mckee, McRuer, Mercur, Miller, who directed that the amount of the loss sus. committee thought they were justified in pre- Moorhead, Morris, Moulton, Newell, O'Neill, Orth, tained by the petitioner should be collected by senting this bill and report.

Paino, Patterson. Perham, Phelps, Plants, Priee,

Samuel J. Randall, John II. Rice, Ritter. Rollins, military order and assessment by a levy upon I remember very well, Mr. Speaker, when in Ross, Schenck, Scofield, Shanklin, Shellabarger, the property of disloyal, rebel sympathizers of the outbreak of the rebellion, when the Union Smith, Spalding, Stevens, Strouse. Taber, Taylor, the vicinity. But this order, for some reason was in jeopardy from traitors North and South

Thayer, Francis Thomas, John L. Thomas, Thorn

ton, Trowbridge, Burt Van Horn, Robert T. Van unknown, was never executed; nor has the and in foreign countries, and even when the Horn, Ward, Warner, Henry D. Washburn, Williain petitioner ever received any compensation for Administration seemed to be conspiring to B. Washburn, Welker, Wentworth, Williams, James any part of his loss in thus defending his overthrow the Government, that the first inspi

F. Wilson, Stephen F. Wilson, Windom, and Wood

bridge-107. country's Bag.

ration we lrad from oflicial circles, the first word NAYS Messrs. Beaman, Benjamin, Boutwell, The constitutional convention of Maryland, of encouragement from Washington which sent Boyer, Bromwell, Hale, Harris, Longyear, Niblack, which met soon after Day's display of patriot

Nicholson, Rogers, Upson, and Elibu B. Washa thrill of joy to every partriotic heart, was the

burne-13. ism and loyalty, passed by a large inajority the injunction of General John A. Dix to his sub- NOT VOTING-Messrs. Alley. James M. Ashley, following:

ordinates, “Whoever shall haul down the Barker, Bergen, Blow, Brandlegce, Chanler, Cullom, Orilered, That the thanks of this convention, American flag, shoot him on the spot.”'. That

Culver, Darling. Dawes, Dawson, Defrees, Deming, representing as it does the people of Maryland, are

Denison, Dumont, Eckley, Eliot, Glossbrenner, Griinjunction has become “as familiar as househereby tendered to the old citizen and patriot of Bal

der, Grinnell, Griswold, Aaron Harding, Ilart, Ilill, timore county, Ishmael Day, for his heroic and gal

hold words." It has rendered his name immor- Ilolmes, Hotchkiss, Demas llubbaril, John H. Hublant act in shooting down the traitor who dared to tal. Old Ishmael Day obeyed that injunction

bard, James Humphrey, James M. Humphrey, Johnpull down his country's flag which he had raised as

son, Jones, Kasson, Kerr, Lalin, William Lawrence, and shot the traitor on the spot. Allow me to an evidence of his loyalty and patriotism, which act

Le Blond, Loan, Marston, McClurg, McCullough, of daring heroisin meets the approbation of the heart express the fervent hope, through all theqerils McIndoe, Morrill, Myers. Noell, Pike, Pomeroy, Radand conscience of every loyal citizen of Maryland." which shall beset our national life in coming

ford, William II. Randall, Raymond, Alexander H.

Rice, Rousseau, Sawyer. Sitgreaves, Sloan, Starr, The committee state that they are satisfied ages, may this injunction be remembered and Stilwell, Trimble, Van Aernam, Whaley, Winteld, that Day needs the amount asked to provide the example of old Ishmael Day shine out to and Wright-63. for his comfortable support during the remain- fire the hearts and inspire the arms of our peo- So the bill was passed. der of his days. In recommending a favorable | ple to the latest generation. I think we should

During the roll-call, consideration of the claim, they base their action stamp upon this act the seal of our approba

Mr. VAN HORN, of Missouri, stated that upon the extraordinary and peculiar circum- tion. I hope there will be no dissenting voice. stances of the case; and in view of the example

Mr. UPSON. Is this to pay for property | house by sickness.

his colleague, Mr. Noell, was confined to his to the community at that critical period of the | destroyed by rebels?

Mr. BROOMALL stated that Mr. STARR was country, they deem it but just to this brave Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. It is for

detained at his house by sickness and aged patriot that his gallant deed should shooting down a traitor. receive the especial notice and recognition of Mr. UPSON. On what principle is it pro

Mr. ANCONA stated that his colleague, Mr.

Jouxson, was detained at his house by sickCongress and the country, and that compensa- | posed to establish this precedent, and how is tion in a measure for the loss he actually sus- it to be carried out?

ness, and that Mr. Denison had paired with tained should be made.

Mr. WARD. He has shot down a traitor

Mr. ASHLEY, of Ohio. The committee further state that they do not for hauling down the American flag. I would

The result having been announced as above regard a recommendation of this claim as sustain every one who sustained the American


Mr. WARD moved to reconsider the vote establishing any precedent for the payment of Hag in that way. Idemand the previous quesother claims for damages resulting from the tion.

by which the bill was passed ; and also moved

that the motion to reconsider be laid upon the ravages of war.

The previous question was seconded and

table. Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I should the main question ordered, and under the

The latter motion was agreed to. like to have read the resolution adopted by the operation thereof the bill was ordered to be House on the report of this committee, which | engrossed and read a third time; and being

JOIN WELLS AND SONS, forbids any claim of this kind going to that engrossed, it was accordingly read the third Mr. DELANO, from the Committee of committee. time.

Claims, reported a joint resolution for the Mr. WARD. I will answer the gentleman

Mr. ROGERS demanded the yeas and nays. relief of John Wells & Sons. if he will allow me. That resolution applied The yeas and nays were ordered.

The joint resolution was read. It authorizes only to the States that had been in the rebellion. Mr. DELANO. I see that in some parts of the remission of so much of the penalty incurred It does not of course apply to Maryland. the House this question is not exactly under- || by reason of the failure of John Wells & Sons,

Mr. LOAN. Mr. Speaker, I would cheer- stood. The rule of the committee is to reject of Baltimore, to complete their contract in fully support this measure if I could do so con- all claims for damages that are the result of 1863 for repairing the steamer City of Albany, sistently; but this same Committee of Claims, || the ravages of war. This man was a loser to the as may not be covered by the actual loss of the in the case of a lady from Springfield, Missouri, amount of some seven or eight thousand dol- Government by reason of the delay in the comwho lost all of her property of every character || lars, perhaps more. The committee felt that | pletion of the said steamer in accordance with and description by the ravages of war, who also they could do nothing for him, but that his the strict terms of the contract. lost her husband and has been left penniless circumstances were peculiar, his act noble, and Mr. DELANO. There is a written report, with six children to support, reported adversely such as commended itself to the hearts of but I can give the House the facts of the case, to it under the rule which they established. If every one. Under these circumstances they and then gentlemen may call for the reading a claim of that kind could not receive a favor- proposed to submit to this House the propriety of the report if they choose. able consideration, I do not see why we should of giving this old man for the remaining years The memorialists contracted for the repair make an exception in this case. Ithink it should of his life, that are fast running out, who in of this steamer, with a penalty in the contract fare the common fate and be rejected like all his old age exhibited this high degree of gal- of $200 a day for every day that might transthe others.

lantry and patriotism, a small pension. It is pire beyond the time agreed upon for the comMr. WARD. Mr. Speaker, the Committee $400 a year. Let us give him something. If pletion of the repairs. Various circumstances, of Claims have not been lavish of their favors, $100 is too much reduce it, but I think it is over which the contractors had not altogether as the House will bear witness. They have felt, not too much.

a control, caused a delay of forty-five days, so as the guardians of the public Treasury at this Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I under- that the penalty amounted to $9,000, and the critical time in our aflairs financially, we should stood it was for property destroyed by the rebels. entire contract price was only $7,837. The be careful what kind of claims they should Mr. DELANO. I knew very well that the difference between those two sums, namely, allow or recommend to the House. They have question was not understood, and therefore I || $1,675, has been paid under protest. chosen to be just rather than to be generous, and made this explanation.

Now, the examination shows to the satisfachence a great many claims appealing strongly Several MEMBERS. We will go for it now. tion of the committee that it turns out that the to our sympathy and patriotism have been re- Mr. WARD. I now move the previous vessel was not required for service during the jected by the committee, not because of unwill- ll question.

interval of time, and that the Government did ingness to give relief in these cases, but because Mr. HALE. A single suggestion. If this not actually sustain any damage for the want of the condition of our finances and because is a pension bill it ought to go to the Commit- of its use. It seemed to the committee injust they would establish a precedent which might tee on Pensions.

to demand the bond, Shylock-like, for this involve the country in the payment of large The previous question was seconded and the penalty; and yet they did not feel disposed to amounts of money. main questiorf ordered.

decide that there were no damages sustaiucd.

by the Government. They, therefore, refer 2. The report of Major Beauregard in 1852 or in 1853 with the rank, pay, and emoluments of lieutenant the matter to the Government to say how much

relative to success of tow-boat company in deepen- colonels of cavalry; and thirteen adjutants, with the

ing Southwest Puss as per contract. actual damages they sustained by reason of the

rank, pay, and emoluments of majors of cavalry. delay in furuishing the vessel, and they allow

There being no objection, the resolution was

But after the first appointments made under the so much of the penalty to be remitted as was received and agreed to.

provisions of this section, as vacancies may occur in

the grade of major, no appointinent shall be made not covered by actual loss.


to fill such vacancy until the number of majors in

the department shall be reduced to ten, to which Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. Is that the

On motion of Mr. DRIGGS, by unanimous

namber the said grade shall thereafter be limited. purport of this joint resolution? Mr. DELANO. That is its purport, and its

consent, the Committee on Public Lands were The pending question was upon the motion discharged from the further consideration of

of Mr. THAYER to strike out all of the section language is clear and explicit, and that is all there is in the case.

the petition of John B. Chapman, and the same after the enacting clause, and insert the fol

was referred to the Committee on Private Land | lowing: The joint resolution was ordered to be enClaims.

That the Adjutant General's department shall grossed and read a third time; and being

hereafter consist of the officers now authorized by engrossed, it was accordingly read the third


law, and their rank shall be as follows, namely: one time and passed.

Mr. STEVENS. I move that the rules be adjutant general, with tho rank, pay, and emolu

ments of a brigadier general; four assistant adjutant Mr. DELANO moved to reconsider the vote suspended and the House resolve itself into generals, with the rank, pay, and emoluments of by which the joint resolution was passed; and Committee of the Whole on the state of the colonels of cavalry; five assistant uljutant generals, also moved that the motion to reconsider be

with the rank, pay, and emoluments of lieutenant Union for the purpose of considering a small

colonels; and ten assistant adjutant generals, with laid upon the table.

bill making appropriation for a deficiency in the rank, pay, and emoluments of inajors. The latter motion was agreed to. the appropriations for the public printing. I

Mr. SCHENCK. Before the vote is taken THEODORE G. EISWALD. understand that the money is needed this

upon the substitute, I will move, for the purmonth. Mr. DELANO also, from the Committee of

The motion was agreed to.

pose of perfecting the section, to add the folClaims, reported back, with the recommenda

lowing proviso:

So the rules were suspended; and the House tion that it do pass, bill of the Senate No. 250, accordingly resolved itself into the Committee

Provided. That nothing in this section shall be for the relief of Theodore G. Eiswald.

construed to vacate the commission of any officer now of the Whole on the state of the Union, (Mr. commissioned as assistant adjutant general, but only The bill directs the Secretary of the Treasury Smith in the chair,) and proceeded to the con

to change the title to adjutant, in the case of those to issue and pay to Theodore G. Eiswald, of

who rank as lieutenant colonels and majors, without sideration of the special order, being bill of the Providence, Rhode Island, two United States

affecting in any way their relative position, or the House No. 500, making appropriations to sup- time from which they take such rank. seven-thirty bonds of $1,000 each, with coupons ply a deficiency in the appropriation for the Those of the members of the House who attached, in lieu of two such bonds owned by

public printing for the year ending June 30, remember the discussion upon this subject him and destroyed by fire, the charred remains 1866.

yesterday, will see that the amendment I have thereof being now deposited in the office of the

The bill was read by clauses for amendment, offered removes the objection which was made, Secretary of the Treasury, the claimant being but no amendments were offered.

that there might by some possibility be a conrequired to execute a bond to be approved by

Mr. STEVENS. I move that the committee struction of the law, if this bill should be passed the Solicitor of the Treasury indemnitying the

rise and report the bill to the House. United States against any loss, cost, or dam

as reported by the committee, so as to legislate

Mr. SPALDING. I hope the committee out of office these particular gentlemen. ages on account of the issuing of such bonds.

will lay aside this bill and take up House bill Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. I would

There was one other objection to the section No. 211, to authorize the President to appoint || made by the gentleman from Pennsylvania like to have the report read in this case if there

certain officers of his household and fixing their [Mr. THAYER] upon which I wish to make a be one. Mr. DELANO. There is a Senate report,

duties. The bill has been in the committee for very brief comment. It has been the object

a long time, and it will take but ten minutes to of the committee throughout to legislate, not but I can give the gentleman from Illinois a dispose of it.

with reference to persons, but with a view of briefer statement of the facts.

Nr. SCIENCK. I hope the committee will | establishing an Army system, having reference The evidence is clear that two seven-thirty not proceed to any other business. I yielded to all the various departments of that Army. bonds of $1,000 each, by having been acci

to the chairman of the Committee on Appro- || For that reason, in fixing these bureaus, the dentally placed in an exposed position on a

priations only to dispose of the one bill. committee have adopted this language in regard stove, were burnt, that the charred remains

Mr. SPALDING. This bill will not take to each department of the stafl-"' shall hereafwere taken to the Treasury Department, and more than ten minutes.

ter consist of the number of officers now authorthat the bonds were identified by their num

Mr. SCHENCK. It will take much more bers. That is attested by the certificate of the

ized by law.” The gentleman from Pennsyltime than that, I am sure.

vania says that that is wrong, that it ought to officers. The proof of the destruction and also

Mr. STEVENS. I insist on my motion that be made to read, shall consist of the officers of the identity of the bonds is perfectly clear.

the committee rise and report the bill to the now authorized by law." In other words, we The Department itself is satisfied that it is Ilouse.

are asked to legislate with a view to particular proper that a law should be passed authorizing The motion was agreed to.

incumbents, to the class of persons who now ihese bonds to be renewed.

So the committee rose; and the Speaker hav- hold the offices. I desire to say here to the House that this

ing resumed the chair, Mr. Smith reported that Now, I should like to know from the gentlesubject is one which has given the Committee

the Committee of the Whole on the state of the man from Philadelphia, [Mr. Tuayer,] who is of Claims great anxiety, and that their rule is

Union had had under consideration the special | learned in the law. what will become of this to recommend, in the first place, the duplicat

order, being bill of the House No. 500, making department when all these officers die or resign. ing of no bond without the most perfect and

appropriations to supply a deficiency in the If you decide that this department shall consist satisfactory proof of its destruction; and they

appropriations for the public printing for the of these particular officers it cannot consist of have gone further and refused to anthorize the

year ending June 30, 1866, and had directed any other officers. Now, we prefer that the duplicating of any securities issued by the Gov

him to report the same to the House without department shall consist of a certain number ernment that come under the class of circula

amendment, and with the recommendation that of officers for all time to come; and that when tion, including compound-interest notes. The

the offices shall be vacated by death, resignacommittee recommend the passage of this bill. Mr. STEVENS. I move the previous ques- tion, or otherwise, the number shall be kept full The bill was ordered to a third reading; and tion on the bill.

by subsequent appointments, except wherein it was accordingly read the third time and The previous question was seconded and the

otherwise provided. As we are to passed. main question ordered.

have the application of nice construction of Mr. DELANO moved to reconsider the vote

The bill was ordered to be engrossed and law, I repeat that if you legislate that the by which the bill was passed ; and also moved that the motion to reconsider be laid upon the

read a third time; and being engrossed, it was departments shall consist of certain oflicers

accordingly read the third time and passed. who now hold certain positions, nobody else table.

Mr. STEVENS moved to reconsider the can hold those positions until you change the The latter motion was agreed to.

vote by which the bill was passed; and also law so as to let others in. The SPEAKER. The morning hour has | moved that the motion to reconsider be laid Then, again, the last part of the section expired, and the Committee of Claims will be upon the table.

which it is proposed to strike out provides for again called next Friday.

The latter motion was agreed to.

a decrease of the Adjutant General's force RIVER AND IIARBOR IMPROVEMENTS.


hereafter as vacancies shall occur. Now, I do Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois. The Com

pot wish to be repeating arguments which have The House resumed the consideration of the

been already submitted to the House any furmittee on Commerce, in considering the river bill (H. R. No. 361) entitled "An act to reor: and harbor bill, desire some information from

ther than may seem to be absolutely necessary. ganize and establish the Army of the United the War Department. I therefore ask the

But I will say this in reference to that and kinunanimous consent of the House to offer the The following section was under considera

dred propositions contained in other sections following resolution:

relating to the bureaus; we have been satisfied, tion :

in reference to many of these bureaus, that the Resolved, That the Secretary of War be directed Sec. 13. And be it further enacted, That the Adjuto communicate to this house the following official tant General's department of the Armyshallhereafter

gradual increase of their numbers has been reports:

consist of the number of officers now authorized by carried beyond the necessities of the Army; 1. Report of mixed board of engineers and naval law, namely, one adjutant general, with the rank, we have been satisfied that this is the contin: oficers, of which Comaodore Latiner was president, pay, and cmoluments of a brigadier gencral; two and Majors Chaco, Barnard, and Beauregard were

ual tendency of legislation, and we think that assistant adjutant generals, with the rank, pay, and meinbers, in 1851 or 1852. emoluments of colonels of cavalry; four adjutants,

a great many of the duties of this bureau, as

it do pass,

we have





well as of other military bureaus, might just as that clerks could bave performed as well; yet these titles. On the contrary I see great conwell be performed by men who have not le speaks this morning of some who were com- fusion and injustice arising from what is called received a full military education.

pelled to stay here. I know that some of these the proposed verbal reform. I am aware that Now, the proposition to strike out the sec- officers have been compelled to stay here in the gentleman had for this the authority of a tion includes that restriction of the number of Washington against their will although they | suggestion made by the Quartermaster General majors hereafter to ten, which is but a small | again and again applied for field service. They || in a letter dated December 18, 1865, which he reduction in the Adjutant General's depart: were refused because they were wanted in the addressed to the Lieutenant General, and which

There is a larger reduction proposed | Adjutant General's oflice in Washington. is now before me. I have good reason to in regard to some of the other bureaus, to which One word more. This bill provides for one believe that the Lieutenant General does not the House may or may not agree, according as lieutenant general, five major generals, and ten approve of these proposed alterations. they shall or shall not concur in the recom- brigadier generals, sixteen general oflicers who The Quartermaster General in that letter mendations of the committee. But the general are entitled to assistant adjutant generals. In made this suggestion, of giving up, as he exopinion of the committee is that there are but the War Department you have only twenty in || pressed it, the awkward titles of assistant and few officers needed here at headquarters, such all. There is never a time you do not have six or deputy quartermaster general, “which are rel. as the chief of the department, and some proper right in the War Department. Take six out of ics,'' as he says, “of the days when the corps assistants to supervise, direct, and control the twenty and you do not leave an assistant adju- was a civil, and not a military body, attached affairs of the department. Our opinion is that tant general for each general you authorize. to rather than forming a constituent part of the you do not need oflicers with a military educa- Instead of being reduced it ought to be intion to remain here month after month, and creased. If I did not have the highest respect Now, sir, I may be mistaken, but I have a year after year, to be compelled to remain here for my friend from Ohio I would say that the strong impression that in making that assertion as some of them have been, to perform clerical proposition was preposterous to have the num- the Quartermaster General tellinto a very grave duties. That general feature runs through the ber reduced.

error. I believe it is an undoubted fact that whole bill; and the remark is as applicable to Mr. THAYER. Dr. Speaker, let me say a the Quartermaster General's department has other bureaus, and still more applicable to some word first in regard to the criticism of the


always been an integral part of the Army of of them than to the Adjutant General's depart- | tleman from Ohio on the word "number" in the United States. There never was a dayment.

this section which I propose to strike out and and if I am wrong, I ask the chairman of the I hope, therefore, that the section will not which he thinks it would be improper to strike Military Committee to correct me—when it was be stricken out, but that the gentleman will It appears to me that when you put into a civil department of the public service. withdraw his objection to it. The amendment this law a provision that the Adjutant Gener- The first Quartermaster General of the Uniwhich I propose certainly removes most of the al's department should consist of a certain ted States was General Mifflin of my own State, objections which have been urged against the number of officers, and when in a subsequent during the revolutionary war; and he was a section. I trust that the amendment will be part of the section you put in a provision such | brigadier general in the service. So also Genadopted, and that the section will not be as is contained in this section, you thereby give eral Pickens and General Greene, both of whom stricken out, carrying with it all this wholesome clear intimation of your intention to vacate subsequently filled this office, were not only legislation, as we intended it to be, restricting existing oflices and to provide for new appoint- men of military rank, but men of the highest the number of officers in that bureau.

ments. It was for that reason I could not con- military character and ability, and they both Mr. BLAINE. I do not understand by what sent to the insertion of the word “number." bad the rank of brigadier general. kind of arithmetic my honorable friend, the I think that the force of that objection still The quartermaster's department has always chairman of the Committee on Military Affairs, remains.

been trea'cd in the public laws and recognized makes it out that, while when the Army was I desire to say a few words on what the || by Congress as an integral part of the Army, only eleven thousand there was a demand for Quartermaster General calls the “awkward and never as a department of the civil service fourteen ofiicers in the Adjutant General's titles," and which are proposed to be abol- attached to the Army. Therefore the reason Bureau, yet, when we have an army of eighty | ished. It has been the settled practice of the which was suggested by the Quartermaster thousand there should not be more ihan | Military Department of the Government for a General for this change, it seems to me, was twenty of these oslicers; and it is even pro: | long time to have what are styled assistants in totally unfounded in fact. posed to cut the number down to seventeen. the several bureaus of that Department. We Now, sir, this change was recommended Instead of increasing the officers of the Adju- || have in the War Department, I think, an assist- by the Quartermaster General in regard to his tant General's Bureau fourfold, as you pro- ant in every bureau of that Department. Com- own bureau. He did not of course undertake pose to increase the regular Army, you do not mencing with the Secretary of War himself, to recommend its application to bureaus with propose to make an increase of fifty per cent. we have an Assistant Secretary of War, we which he had no oficial connection. He recin ihe number of officers engaged in that have assistant adjutant generals, we have assist- ommended it for his own department as an bureau.

ant quartermaster generals, an assistant pay. alteration to be made there, and in the draft One word now as to the nomenclature. The master general, an assistant surgeon general, of a bill, or a project for a bill which is angentleman from Ohio desires that all officers an assistant judge advocate general, an assist- nexed to his letter, he put in a proviso that no below a certain rank shall be called adjutants. ant provost marshal general.

officer of the department should be discharged Now, Mr. Speaker, I think it will be found to If the objection of the awkward titles" is from the service in the execution of the law. be true, as a general principle, that wherever | good to those titles in the Adjutant General's It was very proper to do that, but it was, I am a usage has grown up in the Army, whether | staff

, I ask the gentleman from Ohio why he obliged to say, a totally inadequate remedy or with reference to titles or anything else, you does not propose to abolish all those titles in compensation for the unavoidable mischief will find, wlien you go to the bottom of the the other bureaus of the War Department. and injustice resulting from the abolition of matter, that there is some good reason for this Why does he retain an oflicer with the title of these offices or titles; because under that prousage; and it is not safe to abolish such usages assistant commissary general, or with the title viso, as it was recommended by the Quarterwithout full inquiry. Suppose, now, that this of assistant paymaster general, or assistant sur- master General, these officers, although they proposition should prevail, and that one of geon general, or assistant judge advocate gen- | might have obtained new commissions, would these adjutants should be detailed on the staff eral, or assistant provost marshal general? | all have lost many years of rank in the ser. of a brigadier general commanding at St. Why is the verbal reform he is so anxious to vice. This would necessarily result from the Louis. Well

, there are two or three regiments || inaugurate in this bill not applied to all of the necessity of their being recommissioned. there, each having its adjutant. Then there bureaus of the War Department? Why does The rank which they had carned by long are the post adjutants. These are all adju- | be restrict it to the Adjutant General's depart- || years of service would have been taken away tants. There is no officer there directly con- ment, or the Quartermaster General's depart from them. This, of course, was not intended nected with the staff department at Washing. ment?

by the Quartermaster General in the suggestion ton, known as the assistant adjutant general. If this is an inconvenient title, sir, it has which he made. I bave said that the Quarter

Now, in the military department there is no endured for a long time without the discovery | master General's department has always been officer whose position, as connected with the of the inconvenience, for these titles have been recognized and treated as a constituent part War Department at Washington while upon employed in the War Department since 1838, of the Army. Let me advert briefly to the the staff of a brigadier general, is better under- when these offices were created. They are legislative history of this department. The stood than an assistant adjutant general. It titles which have been found to be of great department underwent various alterations after means a specific thing in the military service. convenience in the dispatch of business, not the Revolution, until the war with England, in It is not to be confounded with post adjutant only in the various bureaus of the War Depart- | 1812, when it was increased and reorganized or regimental adjutant. If you change the ment but in all branches of the civil service by placing General Swartwout at the head of name, as the gentleman from Olio desires, you also. There is no Department of the civil gov. it as chief of the department, with the rank of only lead to confusion.

ernment, I believe, which has not those assist | brigadier general, four quartermaster generals Mr. SCIENCK. As it is now, they are all ants also. We have an Assistant Secretary of with the rank of colonel, (increased in 1814 to assistant adjutant generals. If they cannot all the Treasury, an Assistant Secretary of the seren,) twelve deputy quartermaster generals, have the same titles as adjutants, why should Navy, an Assistant Secretary of State, an and thirty assistant deputy quartermaster gen; all have the title of adjutant generals? Assistant Attorney General, &c.

erals. I refer to the Army Register, dated Mr. BLAINE. The moment you change Now, why select two bureaus of the War | January 1, 1815. that you have gone to sea on the subject.

Yesterday my friend from Ohio spoke about in nomenclature, and leave all the others the quartermaster's department was greatly the officers who remained in the staff departo | untouched in this respect?

reduced ; yet General Swartwout was retained ments of the Army in this city doing the duty Sir, I see no inconvenience arising from ll with the rank of brigadier general; this rank he retained until May, 1816, when the depart: retained by certain persons as a matter of favor- any department more faithful, efficient, and ment was reorganized by having two Quarter- itism as "soft places.

hard-working officers than the Adjutant General master Generals with the rank of colonel at the Mr. SCHENCK. I will ask my friend to himself, or than his assistants, Hardee, Breck, head of it. This organization continued until point to one single phrase or sentence of that Vincent, and others. I know personally many the 8th of May, 1818, when it was again reor- kind in anything I may have said. I have said of the men in this department; and I do not ganized with a brigadier general at its head, nothing, whatever I may think of anybody in know one of them who has not rendered effiand it was established as a bureau at Washing- any department, making a reflection upon any cient and faithful service in the field. ton. It has continued with a brigadier gen- department.

I trust, therefore, that we shall not, by the eral at its head ever since. Occasionally the Mr. DAVIS. I did not understand the gen- || legislation we adopt here, do any injustice to number of its officers was increased, until July, tleman to refer to special persons.

these men. But I hope we shall be allowed to 1838, when it was fully reorganized, restoring Mr. SCHENCK. Nor to any department. have the Army bill which was commended to the grades which had formerly existed, with a Mr. DAVIS. I beg pardon if I have mis- us by the General-in-Chief, and by all our promslight alteration ; the colonels being styled as- understood the gentleman. If I have not mis- inent generals. sistant quartermaster generals, (not quartermas- understood him, I think he will make the Mr. SCHENCK. As the gentleman from ter generals, as in previous laws,) and the dep: | admission. I did understand the honorable New York (Mr. Davis] has said nothing about uty quartermaster generals with the rank of gentleman to say here upon this floor, yester- my amendment, I ask that it may be again read lieutenant colonel, (a rank still,) which had day, that these men in the departments were in order that the House may know upon what existed by act of March 3, 1799. It has con- assigned to "soft" and "easy" places, and we are acting. tinued as established in 1838, through two wars that they had shirked the responsibilities of The amendment was read. and many years of peace, without any inconthe war.

The question was taken upon the amendment, venience and without the titles being consid- Mr. SCHENCK. I never used any such lan- and it was agreed to. ered 'awkward."

guage; but now, as the gentleman presses it on Mr. SCHENCK. In order to remove all During all this time the officers of the quar- me, I will say that as to the greater number | possible objection, I will move to further amend termaster's department have been borne on of those employed here, while many of them, I the section by striking out the words “after the Army Register as a constituent part of the believe, would have preferred to have been on the first appointments made under the proArmy, as officers of the general staff.

active service in the field, but were compelled visions of this section;so that it shall read, I have made these observations in order to to stay here by the importance of their ser- "but as vacancies shall occur in the grade of demonstrate that the department has always | vices, I do believe that others were here be- major,” &c. been regarded and treated as a military depart- cause they preferred to remain here. But, sir, The amendment was agreed to. ment, and not as a civil department attached I said nothing of that kind before. I say now The question recurred upon the amendment to the Army.

that I believe there are officers in some of of Mr. Thayer, by way of a substitute for the The remarks which I have made in reference || these departments who preferred to have these entire section as amended. to the Quartermaster General's department places to being in the field. I hope I am now Mr. SCHENCK. Before the vote is taken have been prompted by the effort which has understood. But I made no general charge of | upon striking out the section as amended, I must been made to uphold the proposed changes in that kind, nor do I now.

beg the indulgence of the House, as I seem to be the Adjutant General's department, by a refer- Mr. DÁVIS. I do not intend to go behind left alone to attend to this matter on behalf of the ence to the suggestion which was made by the the walls of the department for the purpose Military Committee, to say a few words by way Quartermaster General for alteration in the of passing judgment upon every individual of comment upon what has been said by gentitles of officers in that department. I hope | who is within them.

tlemen who have addressed this House, so far the changes proposed in the thirteenth section Mr. SCHENCK, Nor do I.

as their remarks are pertinent to this section. relative to the Adjutant General's department Mr. DAVIS. I do say, however, that the By the amendments which I have offered, and will not be made, but that the House will officers connected with the departments at which have been adopted by the House, this adopt the substitute which I have offered. Washington have performed services as valu- whole matter is now reduced to a simple ques

Mr. DAVIS. I beg to make a remark in able to the Government as those who have tion of taste and propriety in regard to the titles connection with the amendment offered by the been in the field.

of these officers, except tliat the amendment chairman of the Committee on Military Affairs. Mr. SCHENCK. And I have said nothing now pending proposes to increase the number I think he is entirely in error in striking out less of them.

of officers as well as to fix their titles. the term “ assistant in connection with ad- Mr. DAVIS. But the gentleman says that Mr. BLAINE. I beg the gentleman's parjutant" in this department, and I wish to there are individuals in the departments who don; I do not propose to increase the number assign one reason which has not to my knowl- have been willing to shirk the dangers of the of officers, but merely to increase the rank of edge been adverted to on this floor. The field.

some three of the majors. assistant adjutant generals are directly con- Mr. SCHENCK, I did not use that term Mr. SCHENCK. 'He proposes to provide nected with the military department at Washat all.

for certain oflicers in the department who have ington. For instance, General Seth Williams Mr. DAVIS. I know, sir, that there are acquitted themselves well." Now, upon that was assistant adjutant general in the army of officers who went into the Veteran Reserve || point I have simply this remark to make; in the Potomac, representing the Adjutant Gen- corps when they might have gone to the front, || legislating upon this subject I have tried to eral's department at Washington, under Burn- men whose wounds had been healed.

legislate in regard to things and not in regard side and Meade and every other general who I know officers in the Army who look with to persons. One officer who has been referred had command in that department. His rela- distrust upon many persons who entered the to here, and who has been named, and theretions with the generals in command were not Veteran Reserve corps. I know one gallant fore there will be no impropriety in my repeatthose of a staff officer; his relations were with officer from my own district who, with a wounding his name-Colonel Vincent-now brigadier the Department here, and although he issued of an inch and a half in diameter through his general by brevet, or it may be major general, the orders of the generals in command, those body, with a seton in the wound and entirely for these officers go up so rapidly that I lose sight orders belonged to the Department at Wash- through his body, went with Sherman's army of their titles-he is an officer of whom nothing ington. He had custody of the records, and day and night from Tennessee to Atlanta, and can be said in praise by the gentleman from even an order issued by the general in com- from Atlanta to the coast, fighting on the Maine [Mr. BlAINE] to which I will not accede. mand of the department could not control mountains above the clouds, and never went Yet, no matter who or what one of these indithese records. They belong here, and the duty to the hospital on account of his wound except viduals may be, what I claim is that if I do not of the assistant adjutant general is to see that

when he was in camp.
But there are many

think it necessary to have two or three more they are presented here as part of the records men in the Veteran Reserve corps who entered colonels, and two or three or four more lieuto be kept at Washington. it for the easy places in it.

tenant colonels, I will not consent to make Now, I wish to say in connection with this Now, if there are some individuals in these

them a permanent part of the Army organizaquestion, that from every military department | bureaus who have been willing themselves to tion with a view to any particular purpose. during the war we have accumulated, through | avoid danger, I can only say that it is in accord- I hold that there is a propriety in deciding the assistant adjutant generals, all the records ance with the weakness of human nature. But in the first place upon what your Army system pertaining to this war, and that there are in the men of this department have worked day requires, doing it without reference to persons, ihis city a number of buildings filled and stored and night, for I have seen them at their desks leaving persons to get the advantage of it or with these records which are of invaluable ser- day after day and night after night, until phys- || not afterward. Now, if the gentleman thinks, vice both to the troops and officers of the Army ical nature was almost exhausted. And in as I presume he does, that there ought to be a and to the history of the country, by reason of some instances I have implored them to go away greater number of colonels and lieutenant colthe fact that these assistant adjutant generals upon the furlough which the Secretary of War onels generally, without reference to the parare under the direct control of the Department was willing to grant them. But no, they re- ticular persons who may first fill these places, at Washington.

mained faithfully at their duties, although they that is another question. Mr. Speaker, while I am on the floor I may | pressingļy entreated to be relieved from duty Mr. BLAINE. Will the gentleman from perhaps be permitted to allude to another mat- here and allowed to go to the field.

Ohio permit me to interrupt him for a moter. The honorable chairman of the Committee In looking over the lists of officers in the ment? on Military Affidirs has, I doubt not without || department, I find that of the assistant quarter- Mr. SCHENCK. Yes, sir. intending any unkindness, not only reflected master generals now on service here, a large pro- Mr. BLAINE. I desire to say, in the first upon the general efficiency of these depart. || portion of them have seen service in the field, place, that the gentleman has, by a figure of ments in Washington, but he has declared here and some of them have been wounded and dis- speech-literally a figure of speech-increased that to a great extent positions in them are abled in the service. And you will not find in the effect of my amendment. It provides for

that corps.

The gentleman from Pennsylvania says it is re

only two more colonels and one more lieuten- I say the gentleman has singled out these two made this morning--and before the question is ant colonel, making three officers in all. If departments

taken I will ask to have it read as amendedthe gentleman had given attention to what I Mr. THAYER. If there was any inadver- we have removed objections thought to be so attempted to say yesterday, he would remem- tence about it, I wish to say now I meant that serious to the bill, and if the House does not ber that I distinctly took the ground that the the gentleman has abolished these titles in the want to give higher rank to these oliicers it will Adjutant General's corps had not, according | Adjutant General's department and the quar- let the section stand as it is. to the bill reported by the gentleman, as many termaster's department, while he has left the Mr. STEVENS. I want to know if I underofficers of rank in proportion to other staff titles in all of the other bureaus.

stand what this dispute is about. If I under. corps as it ought to have. My concern is not Mr. SCHENCK. We thought there should stand it, it is reduced to this, whether you shall with regard to the effect of the bill on individ- be one or more assistants in each department. say.John Jack, or simply Jack-whether you uals; what I desire is the equalization of rank || The Quartermaster General was satisfied as it shall


"assistant adjutant” or simply “adbetween the different staff corps, not discrimi- was arranged in his department, and so we jutant. If there is any confusion in a name, nating against the corps which ought to be have left it. We have provided for an Adjutant one is just about the same as the other in that above the others. I say that, instead of dis- | General, and two assistants to take his place; respect. criminating against the Adjutant General's the rest we call adjutants. My friend from Now as regards surplus titles, the German corps, our legislation should be in favor of Maine agrees with the gentleman from Pennsyl. barons, having some nine or ten titles, would

vania that that is unprecedented and all wrong, not like to part with any of them. I do not Mr. SCHENCK. I understand the gentle- because if you have adjutants in the field it will see why “adjutant general” is not as good as man, Mr. Speaker; and I repeat, there has create confusion if you call them all adjutants. "deputy adjutant,” or “assistant adjutant," been, in all these departments, a gradual, but | If you take them now in the field they are all | especially when, if the amendment of the chairthough gradual, pretty. rapid, creeping up in called assistant adjutant generals, and there man of the committee is adopted, it is to make everything that relates to rank. Five years would be confusion, according to the gentle- no difference in their rank or pay. ago, when this war began, we had an Adjutant man's reasoning, because of the title, forin each But I wish to say that if I understand it, the General, who, however, ranked only as a col. case he would be an assistant adjutant general. amendment of my colleague [Mr. THAYER] onel. We now make him a brigadier general. He says he must be called assistant adjutant makes an increase in the pay of three officers. At that time, one assistant adjutant general, || general because he reports to the general head Instead of having thirteen with the rank and ranking as a lieutenant colonel, was deemed at Washington. Apply that to the other depart- emoluments of major, he proposes ten, and to sufficient. Now, there are two assistant adju- ment. You have assistant quartermaster gen- || put the others into a higher rank. Now I do tant generals in that bureau, both ranking as eral and assistant quartermasters. There is a not know precisely what that is for. I do not colonels. Then the Adjutant General's Bureau general head at Washington to report to. know why it is necessary to increase the pay of was satisfied with four majors and nine cap- The same reasoning would make assistant those three instead of having it as it is in the tains. We now propose to give its bureau quartermasters and assistant quartermaster bill-thirteen adjutants with the pay and emolthirteen majors and no captains. Everybody || generals in every case.

uments of major. I have not heard any good in that department is to be raised above the

reason yet. Are there not enough colonels rank of captain. Thus it is continually with like the civil Departments, where you have a who are willing to be appointed adjutants now? these bureaus. Step by step, from point to Secretary and an Assistant Secretary. I admit Why, therefore, increase the pay to this amount? point, throughout our whole legislation for that, but you do not call all the clerks Assistant Then I cannot see any good reason why you many years past, particularly since the war Secretaries. You have a Secretary, one or two shall not diminish the expense of the Army commenced, there has been a gradual advance- Assistant Secretaries, and the rest of the subor- when you can do it without legislating anybody ment in number, titles, rank, and compensa- dinates you call clerks. So his illusuration is out of office. When they die, the number is to tion. a bad one indeed.

be reduced to ten. Now, we propose to have for this increased You are not to interfere with titles. Con- A single word more. The whole question regular Army as many of these officers as may gress has interfered with titles again and again, between my colleague [Mr. THAYER) and the be necessary. We assent to an advancement There was a time, and if necessary I can refer committee ainounts to this : a curtailment of in nunbers and rank. But the gentleman to the statute, when we had a deputy adjutant the word “ assistant," and making it read simsays this is not sufficient. While one colonel general. That portion of the old cumbrous ply " adjutant,with an increase of the pay of at the head of the Adjutant General's Bureau system was stricken off. Gentlemen will find three, and a prevention of the diminution of was formerly sufficient, we must now have not it in the act of 1798. There was a time when the expense when they go out of office by death only one brigadier general, but four colonels. you had not only a deputy quartermaster gen- or resignation (they are not legislated out) by While formerly one lieutenant colonel served eral but an assistant deputy quartermaster three. That is the whole question. It is hardly as an assistant, we must now have five lieu- general. And when one was called to act in worth quarreling about, but if you adopt the tenant colonels as assistants. Besides, all the his place because of sickness or disability he amendment of my colleague you largely incaptains must be raised to majors, and the had to sign himself A. A. D. Q. M. G., Act- crease the expense ånd prevent a reduction of number of majors must be increased to thirteen. ing Assistant Deputy Quartermaster General. the number of these otlicers.

But, sir, enough upon that point. I believe Without those letters he could not indicate his Mr. THAYER. I will not detain the House that this section makes ample provision for that title.

but a moment. I wish to inake an explanation department with regard both to the number I believe differently from the gentleman from in order that the House may act with fullknowland the rank of the officers; and however inuch | Pennsylvania, (Mr. Thayer.] I believe that

Pennsylvania, (Mr. Thayer.] I believe that edge of the present position of the question. I might be willing to gratify particular individ- the Quartermaster General showed his sense The substitute which I offered makes no inuals or officers, I am not willing to ingraft upon when he said it was time to get rid of these long, crease and no alteration in the present number the Army what I deem an unnecessary addition || improper titles, and to call quartermasters or rank of the officers in that department. with respect to rank or numbers. Therefore I quartermasters, and not assistant quartermas- Mr. STEVENS. It was a misapprehension object to the amendment of the gentleman from ters. I believe the same thing in regard to on my part. Maine,

the others, that instead of assistant adjutant Mr. THAYER. No, sir, the gentleman is Now, as to this question of title, the gen- | general it is better to have an Adjutant Gen- correct, but at the suggestion of the gentleman tleman from Philadelphia [Mr. TLAYER] was eral's department, and to have at the head of it from Maine, [Mr. BLAINE,]I accepted his modicompelled in looking at the bill to shut one an Adjutant General, with two or three assistant fication, which gave increased rank to two who eye in order to sustain himself in his argu- adjutant generals.

are already assistant adjutant generals. It was ment. Why," asked he, “do you not have I think the gentleman is mistaken in regard not my understanding at the time the proposi. assistant adjutant generals? Why wipe them to the title of deputy, as he will find if he goes tion was made by that gentleman that it would out entirely ?''. If the gentleman will read the back far enough. Deputy is not a military necessarily increase the pay. If I had known bill, he will find that we provide for an Adju- word. It has no military identity. It is mak- that I would not have accepted the modificatant General, and for two assistant adjutant | ing a civic title of deputy into a military title. tion. If, therefore, the House wishes to retain generals, with the rank of colonel, while all We have got rid of all that, or propose to get the present organization precisely as it is, with those who rank as lieutenant colonel or as rid of it.

no alterations, all they have to do is to strike major are to be called simply adjutants. So Mr. THAYER. I could not go back further out the section and disagree to the amendinent the gentleman is entirely mistaken.

than General Milfin, who first filled this posi- as modified by the gentleman from Maine, [ Mr. Mr. THAYER. Will the gentleman allow tion.

Blaine,) and I will offer the section of the Senme to make a single remark by way of cor- Mr. SCHENCK. What time?

ate bill, which will keep the department pre. rection ?

Mr. THAYER. I will tell the gentleman by cisely as it is, with no increase at all. Mr. SCHENCK. Certainly. referring to the paper.

Mr. SCHENCK demanded the previous Mr. THAYER. The remark which I made Mr. SCHENČK. It is suggested that the question.

reference to the abolition of the title of gentleman may go back to 1492. [Laughter.] The previous question was seconded and the assistant quartermaster general.

Mr. THAYER. No, sir.

main question ordered, being first on the subMr. SCHENCK. We are not discussing Mr. SCHENCK. I will give the gentleman || stitute proposed by Mr. THAYER.

an opportunity to settle the question after he Mr. OPSON. I ask for a division of the Mr. THAYER. I asked why the committee has consulted his authorities.

question. proposed to abolish the title of assistant quar- Mr. THAYER. It was May, 1776. He was The SPEAKER. A motion to strike out termaster general, while they leave the assist- Quartermaster General of the Army with the and insert is not divisible. ants in all the other bureaus. rank of general.

The question was taken; and there wereMr. SCHENCK. I am not mistaken when Mr. SCHENCK. By the amendments I have ayes 35, noes 30; no quorum voting.



that now.

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