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nor gloomy, except to the imagination. To the eye, it is upon us thy mercy." We have so often provoked God a shining lake, whose immense and silvery surface re- by our sinful departure from him, that, if he still Hects the rays of light like a mirror. The beautifully listens to our prayer, it will be an instance of his shaped mountains throw their shadows even to its mercy being enlarged towards us. Before we present the borders. It is said that no fish exists in its waters, petition, therefore, we do, as it were, prepare him to nor bird on its banks. I cannot decide this: I cer- expect that it will demand a larger display of his tainly neither saw petrels, sea-gulls, nor those beauti- mercy than any hitherto shewn. Such was David's ful white marine doves, that swim all the day on the frame of mind; "O God, in the multitude of thy waves of the Syrian Sea, and accompany the skiffs on mercy hear me, in the truth of thy salvation : bear me, the Bosphorus; but at some hundred paces' distance O Lord, for thy loving-kindness is good : turn unto from the Dead Sea, I shot at and killed some birds, me according to the multitude of thy tender mercies." resembling wild ducks, that rose from the swampy (2) " That thou being our Ruler and Guide, we may so borders of the Jordan. If the air had been really mortal pass through things temporal, that we finally lose not to them, they would not have thus braved so near its ihe things eternal.” God has promised to grant that mephitic vapours, The sheet of water presented which we here pray for : " I will instruct thee and every where the same appearance of silvery brightness teach thee in the way which thou shalt go; I will guide and perfect stillness. " Mankind has well preserved thee with mine eye” (Ps. xxxii, 8). Did he not assure the faculty given to them by God in Genesis, of calling Israel of old of his guidance : * I am the Lord thy things by their proper names. This sea is splendid; God, which teacheth thee to profit, which leadeth thee it illuminates, it inundates, with the reflection of its by the way that thou shouldest go" (Is. xlviii. 17) waters, the immense desert which it covers; it attracts And did not the holy Fsalmist exult in the knowledge the eye, it interests the mind--but it is dead! neither that this guidance should never fail ? " This God is sound nor movement exists on it. Its surges, too our God for ever and ever; he will be our guide even heavy for the wind to act upon, do not roll out in unto death" (Ps. xlviii, 14). But we implore God's sonorous waves; nor even does the white edge of its guidance for the especial end, that our connexion with foam break on the pebbles of its sides. It is a sea this world may not cause us to perish in the world that seems petrified.

which is to come. Time and eternity- the one how short, the other how long; the one how insignifi

cant, the other how momentous ! And yet time is LITURGICAL HINTS.—No. XXX.

not unimportant when we reflect on its relation to " Understandest thou what thou readest?"-Acts, viij. 30,

eternity; and that there is a danger of our so passing

through the life that now is, as to lose the blessedness Fourth SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY,

of the life which is to come. How necessary then to The Collect is one of that class which were retained | keep a steady view “not on the things that are seen, from ancient liturgies at the Reformation. As it stands but on the things which are not seen; the one being in our Prayer-book it is an exact translation of the temporal, the other eternal !" (2 Cor. iv. 16-18). How original Latin form. It is a prayer for escape from the important to be “ looking for a city which bath foundangers that surround us with regard to our eternal dations, whose builder and maker is God!" (Heb. xi. interests ; and it is necessary, therefore, that we should 9, 10); and clearly to resolve with ourselves that we set out with a confidence that God is able and willing will evermore “ have respect unto the recompense of to deliver us from those dangers. We express this the reward." confidence in the words (1.), "O God, the Protector In the Epistle (Rom. viii. 18-23) we are comforted of all that trust in thee, God is " he that giveth under present afflictions. " The apostle experienced an strength and power unto his people” (Ps. Ixviii. abundant measure of the sufferings of Christ; but 35). He is elsewhere declared to be “ a shield unto upon the most exact and deliberate computation of them that put their trust in him" (Prov. xxx. 5). But them, he found them . not worthy to be compared with we must rely on him, if we would be sure of his pro- that glorious recompense which shall be bestowed on tection:" the salvation of the righteous is of the Lord ; Christians, or that glory which shall be revealed' to he is their strength in the time of trouble; the Lord them, and accomplished in them. So that it would be shall help them and deliver them ; he shall deliver the greatest folly imaginable for him to slırink from the them from the wicked and save them ;".. but it is only pursuit of this promised felicity through the dread of " because they trust in him" (Ps. xxxvii. 39, 40). But the most terrible of these transient sufferings.” “Sin why need we go to God at all for protection ? the fol- has filled the world with suttering, yca, with unspeaklowing words declare the reason (2.), “ without whom able disorder and misery; all creatures seem to pronothing is strong, nothing is holy." We may say of claim man's fatal apostacy, and to recommend the our spiritual foes as Jehoshaphat said when he was inestimably precious salvation of Christ. Men every in fear of his enemies, " ( our God, we have no might where are most evidently at war with their Maker and against this great company that cometh against us, with cach other, so that the earth is become a great neither know we what to do ; but our eyes are upon slaughter-house and burying-ground to its inhabitants; thee" (2 Chron. xx. 12). If we wish to gain the vic- and the animals are forced into the service of men's tory over the enemies of our souls, it must never be lusts by a most abominable perversion ; and the creasaid of us, “ This is the man that made not God his tures of God are made his rivals, in that men generally, strength” (Ps. lii. 7); but we must continually apply every where, and through every age, have worshipped to Him who "giveth power to the faint, and to them the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed for that have no might increaseth strength,” since we evermore.' Thus the creation groans under bondage' have the sure word of his promise, that, if we so “wait to human depravity; every part of it seems to abet upon the Lord, we shall renew our strength." As man's rebellion, or to be an instrument of his crimes; nothing is strong without God, so neither without him and the more reflecting cven of the heathen could sec is any thing holy. Christ told his disciples that, if the strange state of the world, though they saw neither they would exhibit the fruits of holiness, it must be by the cause nor the cure of it. But the Gospel opens a a power communicated from himself: " He that abideth brighter prospect; a glorious crisis approaches, of in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much which all things seem in anxious expectation. When fruit; for without me ye can do nothing" (John, xv. • the children of God shall be manifested,' and sepa4, 5). The Corinthians were " sanctified by the Spirit rated from his implacable foes, a complete deliverance of our God” (1 Cor. vi. 11).

from this bondage will be given to all, except Satan II. Thus far is the invocation : the remainder of and his obstinate adherents; and sin, deformity, vanity, the collect is the petition, (1.) "increase and multiply | and misery, shall be seen no where but in the bottom

66

less pit. May we then give diligence to ensure our the beginning—-love the end ; and both being joined in interest in this redemption, and to possess the first- one are of God. All other things pertaining to perfruits of the Spirit, the earnest and pledge of our fect holiness follow. For no man that hath faith inheritance. Then our groans under our share of this sinneth ; and none that hath love hateth any man, universal ruin, while we wait for our final adoption, will St. Ignatius. be hope ;' we shall learn to disregard the perishing

The Saviour's Passion.—All creatures in heaven things which are seen, and patiently to expect and wait

and in earth are moved at our Saviour's passion. for the good things which are unseen and eternal."'*

The sun in heaven shrinking in his light, the earth In the Gospel (Luke, vi. 36-42) we have our Lord's

trembling under it, the very stones cleaving in sunder, exhortations to mercy, justice, und sincerity. We are

as if they had sense and sympathy in it. Shall sinful commanded to be merciful, in imitation of God, who is

men alone be unmoved by it; they to whom it appermerciful to the unthankful and evil. Exercise to

tained, and for whom it procured unspeakable blessothers (says our Lord) the charity which thinketh no

ings ?-Bishop Andrews. evil, which bears, believes, and hopes all things; and then others will exercise the same towards you. God will not judge and condemn you, men will not. For

Poetry. give others' trespasses against you, and God will forgive your trespasses against him. Devise liberal THE EXECUTION OF A MURDERER. things, and, as God is not unrighteous, he will pay it

By The Rev. T. E. HANKINSON, M.A. again ; for God shall incline the hearts of others to

For the Church of England Magazine. give to you as liberally as you liave given to them. You shall reap as plentifully as you have sown; for it They led him forth :—'tiş not for words to speak is God's ordinary rule to deal retributively with men The horrid hue that settled on his cheek; even in this world; they who have dealt rigorously

As all the blood that flush'd that face of fear shall receive the like treatment; while kindness shall fall on the head of the beneficent. Do not put your

Had gathered into blue stagnation there; selves under the guidance of ignorant and erroneous

And left his lip and brow,-e'en death might fail teachers; such were the pharisees at that time, and To paint thereon a tint more ashy pale. such are all now who follow the traditions of men in A faintness fell upon him as he came things relating to God and the conscience ; or who are To that dark place of suffering and of slame; led by common opinion, or by the course and custom

For though he spake not aught, nor changed his look, of this worlıl; for can those who are blinded with pride and prejudice lead those who are already in darkness,

His weight fell heavier, and his strong frame shook. into the right way? Expect not better treatment in “Oh God!" he moan'd, and darted his fierce eye the world than Christ your Master had ; but let every Up to the clouds that frown'd along the sky; one that is perfect,” every established and firmly I thought they said, that mighty One above rooted disciple, be " as his Master," dead to the world,

Was something full of pity and of love: laborious, self-denying, condescending, benevolent; then he will be " perfect," a complete disciple, because

I shew'd no mercy-well deserve to see a genuine imitator of his Master. Beware of censori

The Friend of all a bitter foe to me! ousness ; for, if you take upon you to rebuke and The sky feels hot above me--and my fate reform others, you ought (to be consistent) to be fully Flares in my face. Oh, mercy -'Tis too late !" aware of your own faults: it is absurd to pretend to be This to himself: he saw, heard, spake to none; so quicksighted as to spy small faults in others, which

He seem'd to stand before his God alone. are like a mote or particle of chaff'in the eye, while you see not the larger defects, which are in the proportion

He tried the stairs, and reel'd--they dragg'd him on; of a beam of timber in your own eye. It requires a

And there he stood—the fatal goal was won ! clear eye, as well as a skilful hand, to cast out that Then burst, in one wild, deafening, maddening yell, small delect from his eye; but how can thine eye be

The voice of execration; wing'd from hell clear, when filled with the larger defect? Be solicitous

Rain'd the hot curses round him, far and near; for the purification of thine own character, if thou wouldest be thought sincere, and not a “hypocrite," in

Peal'd from its thousand tongues a city's damỹing thy zeal to purify another's.

pray'r.
And he--the wretched being, on whose path

Burst that fell storm of vengeance and of wrath,
The Cabinet.

Who caught from manhood's shout and childhood's cry, PRAYER.--When one man desires to obtain any

In one full curse, liis death-sleep's lullaby, thing of another, he betakes himself to entreaty; and

He was low kneeling when that fierce yell rung this may be observed of mankind in all ages and countries of the world. Now what is universal may

Upon his ear:-a moment-up he sprung! be called natural; and it seems probable that God,

But oh, how changed! no longer feeble, tame, as our supreme governor, should expect that towards Death in his eye, and palsy in his frame himself, which, by natural impulse, or by irresistible The demon check'd, and cow'd, and trampled, now order of our constitution, he has prompted us to pay

Resumed his throne upon his lip and brow; to every other being on whom we depend. The same may be said of thanksgiving. This is the conclusion

And both were crimson'd—from his dark eye broke to which our unassisted reason brings us, the proof of Glances that blasted like the lightning stroke: which is fully confirmed by the repeated exhortations He strode across the platform, and low bow'd to prayer which revelation has afforded us in the

His head the while to hide him from the crowd, Scriptures.--Paley.

The false boards, as he pass'd the fatal spot, Fairil And Love.-Nothing is better than peace, Rock'd to so fierce a tread: he heeded not; whereby all war is destroyed, both of things in heaven

He reach'd the palisade---the indignant cry and things on earth. Nothing of this is hid from you if ye have perfect faith in Jesus Christ, and love,

Assail'd him, as he paused, more furiously: which are the beginning and the end of life : faith is Then to his height he drew him, and at once • Rev. T. Scott's Commentary.

Let loose the gather'd lightning of his glance;

His high-raised brow — his lip, that wore the while Torture upon themselves ;) --ay, there it hung,
A sneer contempt had curl'd into a smile -

That ghastly form, and slowly turn'd, and swung! The reckless, stern defiance of his look,

'Twas he who last spoke, wept with me; no strife, Silenced the loudest, and the boldest shook.

No writhe of limb or muscle told of life, Abrupt he turn'd on me: I felt each sense

Save one long heave, one gathering, deep'ning swell, Quail to that terrible brow's magnificence;

That sunk as slowly; then the shoulders fellHis brotherhood with hell had fired his eye

The limbs relax’d-the guilty soul had burst With something of demoniac dignity

Its bonds, and gone to hear and prove the worst. Like Lucifer's gaunt scowl, as he looks down

God only knows the rest! 'Tis not for me Upon a world that sin hath stamp'd his own,

To juilge what it hath been, or say what it may be. And sees in man a thing so fondly wooing The deadliest causes of his own undoing, As scarce to bribe impatience for delay,

MMiscellaneous. To stoop his pinions on so mean a prey.

THE COLLECTS.--Our collects, with some excep“ 'Tis well!” he cried; “ mine eye hath pierced the

tions, have been used in the Church of England for gloom,

twelve hundred years, and in the Church at large for Hath glanced upon the secrets of the tomb :

fourteen hundred years; and their origin lies in the

distant glory of priinitive Christianity.-Palmer's OriI've seen-what thou may'st see, with more of wonder, gines Liturgicæ. When death shall snap the silver thread asunder;

The French REIGN OF TERROR. — The sun of liI've seen—no matter what I feel my fate,

berty was in eclipse while the crested hydra of the Lorn as it is, and deeply desolate,

coalition glared round the horizon; the atmosphere More happy now: 'twere harder far to dwell

was dark and sultry; there was a dead pause, a stillWith those on earth, than nobler fiends in hell!" ness in the air, except as the silence was broken by a “ And deem you," I replied, “whate'er you be,

shout like distant thunder, or the wild chant of pa.

triotic songs; there was a fear, as in the time of a There's none to feel, to weep, to pray for thee ?

plague—a fierceness, as before and after a deadly I came to see thee die, but not to share

strite. It was a civil war raging in the heart of a Thy foes' wild joy, or feast on thy despair ;

great city as in a field of battle, and turning it into a Their zeal for God may hiss, and hoot, and ban

charnel-house. The eye was sleepless; the brain Mine half forgets the murderer in the man.

heated. Sights of horror grew familiar to the mind,

which had no other choice than that of being either Too blest to point thee One whose latest sigh

the victim or the executioner. What at first was Burst heaven's bright portals to the felon's eye,

stern necessity, or public duty, became a habit and I saw with hope thy soften'd spirit bow,

a sport; and the arm, iuured to slaughter, struck at And less had pitied than I pity now.

random, and spared neither friend nor foe. The And, know, some minds are far too keen to stay

soul, barrowed up by the most appalling spectacles,

could not do without them, and “nursed the dreadful At the frail fence that warns the crowd away ;

appetite of death.” The habit of going to the place Slight were the task for mine its way to win

of execution resembled that of visiting the theatre. To thy soul's secret council-room within,

Legal murder was the order of the day-a bolyday And read in burning brow and flashing eye

sight-till France became one scene of wild disorder, The last alternative of misery,

and the revolution a stage of blood.---llazlitt's Life of

Bonaparte.
The desp'rate effort to relieve a heart
That else had broken."- I beheld him start,
And a low sigh half-struggled from his breast-

TO CORRESPONDENTS.
He seized my hand, and firmly, fondly press'd.

The Editors beg to acknowledge with thanks the receipt of “ God bless you, sir ! for you the murderer's prayer

many valuable articles, which will appear in due course; and

they request that their correspondents will not regard their May ask, what for himself it doth not dare !"

contributions as passed over, because they have not as yet been He raised his arm towards his face; the chain

inserted. They beg to remind them, however, that the Numbers

of the Magazine are usually in type six or seven weeks before Resisted, and it sunk--he sigh'd “'Tis vain !

they are published; it is therefore impossible to insert articles

written with reference to particular seasons, unless they are forAnd I have done with shame!" It was a tear

warded to them two months before the time to which they are Had gather'd in that savage eye, and clear,

adapted. Some correspondents will hence see the reason why

their contributions have not been inserted. And large, and warm as childhood's ;-as it fell,

It is against our rule to insert anonymous Sermons. My own pour'd forth a mute and sad farewell.

shall be obliged to a Village Clerryman, on Luke, xviii. 1, to I totter'd from him to a small low room

communicate to us his name and address. That opened on the scaffold-all was gloom ; And tools and shavings litter'd on the floor

A new 'Edition of Vol. I. is now ready, price 5s. 6d., embossed

cloth. Vol. II. uniformly bound, will be published on June Was all within-I could not close the door,

30th, price FIVE SILLINGS. Single Numbers and Parts, to But Aung me down: my mind was then o'erwrought complete Sets, may always be had. To an intensity that is not thought;

Portfolios, of a neat construction, for preserving the separate

Numbers until the Voluines are complete, may be had of the And my breast labour'd with a deep oppression, Publishers, price 2s.6d. each. That those who know must feel-it lacks expression. A shock-a jar aroused me-a dead sound

LONDOX :- Published by JAMES BURNS, 17 Portman Street, Of falling weight, check'd ere it touch'd the ground ! Poruman Square; W. EDWARDS, 12 Ave-Maria Lane, St. I raised my eyes—('tis all in vain to guess

Paul's; and to be procured, by order, of all Booksellers in

Town and Country,
At motives in that moment's dizziness;
They seem'd, in spite of me, perforce to seek
What most they fear'd to find, as if to wreak

ROBSON, LEVEY, AND PRAXKLYX, 16 ST. MARTIN'S LANE.

We

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CHRISTIAN CONVERSION.

when Christ appeared among them—then let

him consider the change which must have BY THE Rev. EDWIN JACOB, D.D.

occurred when an apostle wrote these words, Vice-President of King's College, Fredericton, and late " And such were

some of

you ;

but

ye Fellow of Corpus Christi College, Oxford.

are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are (Concluded from Number XLVII.]

justified, in the name of the Lord Jesus, and What, then, it is evidently worthy of our by the Spirit of our God;"- and he will inquiry, is the nature of the conversion which require no other argument of the reclaiming all these persons need that which “ shall influence of our religion. save a soul from death ?" You might easily Would any desire a full representation of anticipate my reply; - it is manifestly and the great change which these truths are calnecessarily such a change in the character of culated to produce, a more complete picture a person as shall make him truly good ; fill perhaps cannot be found than in the Confessions his heart with the love of goodness ; produce of Augustine, of which Milner has given an a life agreeable to God's holy will, and really excellent epitome; while Owen, in his great and satisfactorily prepare the soul for that work on the Holy Spirit, has descanted on it kingdom in which the Redeemer reigns. In in his usual manner, as the most signal illusother words, it is exactly that change in the tration of Divine grace. Of the peculiar human character which the Gospel was de- theology of the African bishop, or that of his signed and is calculated to effect. For the disciples in modern times, I would not be proper object of our religion, and the sure understood to speak; but these parts of result of it, as far as it is faithfully received their writings may doubtless be perused with and applied, is no other than that which the general advantage. The sum of the venerable name of its adorable Author expresses—"He father's experience may be briefly stated in should be called Jesus, because he should his own concluding words: “How hast thou save his people from their sins.” The method loved us, Father! Many and great are my adopted may, or may not, be that which our diseases, thy medicine larger still! Terrified reason might consider best adapted for the with my sins and the weight of my misery, I case ; but it is that which approved itself to was desponding, but thou encouragedst me, Infinite Wisdom, and the propriety of which saying, Christ died for all; that they who experience has abundantly confirmed. When live should not live to themselves, but to him the Gospel fails, we have no reason whatever who died for them. Lo, I cast all my care to suppose that any means could succeed; on thee, Lord, that I may live. Thou knowest but the Gospel has succeeded, and is still my weakness and ignorance, teach and heal successful, when all other hope of reforma- He hath redeemed me with his blood, tion must have been abandoned. Let any in whom are hid all the treasures of wisdom one read in the writings of the apostles, and knowledge. Let not the proud calumor even in heathen authors themselves, the niate me, if with the poor I desire to eat and descriptions of the depraved morals of men be satisfied, and praise the Lord."

VOL. II. NO, LVII,

me.

CC

men.

The example of so extraordinary a man as religion. Civil society, say those to whom I the Bishop of Hippo is not indeed to be refer, being formed for present peace and taken, nor should any particular instance be protection, the magistrate quits his province taken, as a standard and model for all. The when he regards the immortal interests of faculties and tempers, as well as the circum

But is this the argument of Christian stances of men, are infinitely diversified, and philosophers ? With what scorn would it produce a corresponding variety of character, have been rejected by the sages of Athens But as far as any are involved in sin, so far or Rome! Who hath assured them that the they require a conversion from the error of civil state is constituted for such objects their way; and by the same means which alone ? Those who have investigated the Augustine found so effectual, may every soul real origin of things would tell them that be saved. Divines of quite other schools, state began under the parental roof; that it provided they discover à cordial regard for branched out in the wider relations of blood the principles of Christianity itself, will be and affinity; that friendships, acquaintances, found to express similar sentiments. For divisions of labour, interchanges of services “ faith,” Bishop Horsley emphatically ob- and offices, compacts, laws, governments, serves, “ is not merely a speculative, but a civil constitutions, all followed in a natural practical acknowledgment of Jesus as the order ; that modifications and revolutions in Christ; an effort and motion of the mind states (on which alone, as I conceive, these towards God, when the sinner, convinced of philosophers have founded their opinions) are sin, accepts with thankfulness the proffered merely accidental circumstances; and that the terms of pardon; and in humble confidence essential bond of society survives all such applying individually to self the benefit of occurrences, and can be resolved into no the general atonement, in the elevated lan- other principle than that will of our Creator guage of a venerable father of the Church, by which man was made a social being. And drinks of the stream which flows from the was it not, and is it not, his will that men Redeemer's wounded side. The effect is, that should regard each other as made for eternal in a little time he is filled with that perfect existence ? that, as parents, as relations, as love of God which casteth out fear ; he friends, as neighbours, so also rulers and cleaves to God with the entire affection of legislators should aiın at the ultimate good of the soul. And from this active, lively faith the respective objects of their concern? Thus overcoming the world, subduing carnal self, I make no doubt that not only Cicero, but all good works do necessarily spring." the severer reason of Aristotle, would have

Whenever, therefore, a sinner appears be- argued, had they received the revelation of a fore us, let this thought present itself to the future state : thus, until modern infidelity had mind : There is a soul that may be saved poisoned the springs of public sentiment, from death--that most certainly will be saved, Christian states and statesmen have always if it can but be made to consider and feel the believed and acted : and thus, when the degreat truths of the Gospel ---and that as cer- lusive imaginations of the day shall have tainly must, should it continue in sin without passed, will “kings, and all that are in repentance, die and perish for ever! Con- authority,” remain convinced of their highest siderations these, which ought unquestionably duty to " be the nursing fathers of the to awaken us all to the most lively concern Church." and active exertions for the eternal welfare of But, whatever may be said or thought of our fellow-men. Parents, heads of families, others, one order of men at least there is, of masters and mistresses, are charged by nature whose duty in this respect none will doubt. and Providence with the welfare, and, surely, The clergy, the ministers of Christ's Church, with the highest welfare, of their households whether countenanced and supported by the and dependents. Let these seriously con- state (as throughout every Christian nation sider the weight of their words, the value of they ought to be), or dependent on other their advice, and the consequences of their means of subsistence, must feel themselves demeanour and example. Let them watch interested above all men in the duty and the over the objects of their care from day to hope which have been the subjects of our day, admonish them of every dangerous consideration; for they are bound (I refer symptom which they may observe, and en- particularly to the declared sense of the deavour to lead them in a course of Christian Church of England, but in this point all obedience.

Churches are of the same opinion) to devote And if this be the duty of superiors in themselves especially to this one thing--the private life, the obligation as evidently extends care and salvation of souls; for such is the to public authorities. A strange notion has plain doctrine of the inspired founders of the been lately propagated in the world, that Church : “ They," says the author of the rulers and legislators have no concern with epistle to the Hebrews, speaking of all those

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