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new to us.
burden incomparably sorer than any other distress. | John, and were looking with interest on a scene very Sin would sink us into the depths of eternal ruin, and
The wide hop.grounds, the lath-andtransfix us with the agonies of endless despair. But plaster farm-houses, the beautifully cultivated and Christ has, at the price of his very life, purchased | fertile-but, to our minds, used to our own rugged pardon for all that fly to him. He has bore the guilt of their sins in his own body on the tree (1 Pet. ii.
hills and banks, not picturesque — country, reminded 241). Have they deserved condemnation? He has us on every side that we were far from home. sustained it in their stead. Are they obnoxious to But there was no absence of the picturesque in our the wrath of God? He has endured it as their sub
close neighbourhood: here were the old city walls and stitute. He has made satisfaction, complete satisfac
its beautiful towers; and here, at every step, was some tion for all their iniquities (Rom. iii. 25, 20); so that justice itself, the most rigorous justice, can demand no
name that awoke ancient associations--some place more. Oh, that distresses may prompt us to prize connected in our minds with the most interesting this mercy! may incite us to desire ardently this passages of the history of our country. blessedness! Then it will be good for us to have been
We were travellers, and in the few last hours had afflicted (Ps. cxix. 71).
seen the memorable places of which we had heard all Christ has obtained for us the gift of the Holy Spirit (Gal. j. 2), to sanctify our hearts and renew our
our lives, and of which our children's children will be An unrenewed carnal mind is ten thousand taught to tell. For the first time, on the evening times more to be lamented, more to be dreaded, than before, I had seen the sun light up the purple towers any external calamities. And nothing can cure us of Windsor, dear to many an English heart as the of this most deadly disease but the sanctification of
favourite abode of her good king—the place of his the Spirit. This divine Spirit alone is able to put
I will own that, the fear of God in our souls, and awaken the love of long seclusion, and of his last rest. God in our hearts (Jer. xxxii. 40). His influences as I saw the flag stream out against the setting sun to suggest such awful and amiable thoughts to our minds indicate to the surrounding country that the king was as will be productive of these Christian graces. This himself there, I felt the tears in my eyes as the Church's sacred principle subdues our corruptions, and con
prayer rose to my lips, “ O Lord, save the king !" forms us to our blessed Redeemer's image. How is this best gift of heaven disesteemed by the darlings
“ Send peace in our time, O Lord; for there is none of the world, who have nothing to vex them! But
that fighteth for us, but only thou, O God!" Early in how precious is it, how desirable to the heirs of sor- that morning I had had one glance at the old tower, row! They breathe after it, as the thirsty hart panteth " by many a dark and midnight murder fed," and for the water-brooks. They cannot be satisfied with- stood on the very spot where the seven noble bishops out its enlightening, purifying, cheering communica
bad landed on their way to their prison, whilst the tions. This is all their request, and all their relief: " That the Spirit of Christ may dwell in their hearts" crowding spectators, and the very soldiers who guarded (Rom. viii. 9), may enable them to possess their souls them, kneeled to ask their blessing. In the course of in patience (Luke, xxi. 19), and derive never-ending that busy day, too, I had seen the beautiful hospital at good from momentary evils. Before I close these Greenwich-that monument of a fallen woman's hulines, permit me to recommend one expedient, which yet is not mine, but the advice of an inspired apostle: manity-built by Charles II., at the solicitation of his If any be afflicted, let him pray." Dear sir, fly to
favourite, Eleanor Gwynn, at which one looks with God in all your adversity, pour out your complaints the more interest, because Bishop Burnet tells us before him in humble supplication, and shew him your that she died, according to his belief, a humble penitrouble (Ps. cxlii. 2). When I am in heaviness,
tent. says a holy sufferer, I will think upon God (Ps. Ixi. 2); his omnipotent power, his unbounded goodness, fancied that I saw the ready troops of soldiers, and
I had passed Tilbury Fort also, and had again whose ear is ever, ever open to receive the cry of the afflicted. When the Psalmist was distressed on every
listened with them, and shouted with them, in answer side, without were fightings, within were fears, the to the noble declaration of their Protestant queen, “ I throne of grace was the place of his refuge; I give
am come amongst you all, not as for my recreation myself to prayer (Ps. cix. 3), was his declaration.
and sport, but as being resolved, in the midst and This method, we read, Hannah took, and you cannot
heat of the battle, to live and die amongst you; I have but remember the happy issue (1 Sam. i. 10). Let me entreat you to imitate these excellent examples;
but the body of a weak and feeble woman, but I have frequently bend your knees, and more frequently lift the heart of a king, and a king of England too.... up your heart, to the Father of mercies and God
and can lay down for my God, and for my kingdom, of all consolation; not doubting but that through the
and for my people, my honour and my blood, even in merits of his dear Son, through the intercession of your compassionate High Priest, he will hear your
the dust." All these places of deep interest, in so petitions, will comfort you under all your tribulations, few hours, I had seen; yet the remembrance of all and make them all work together for your infinite vanished as one narrow boundary at the south-west and eternal good.
side of the city was pointed out to me—“ Do you see In the meantime, I shall not cease to pray that the
that singularly shaped field, here beneath us, with God of all power and grace may vouchsafe to bless
low hawthorn hedges ? There are a few sheep lying these considerations, and render them as balm to your aching heart, and as food to the divine life in your
round the shallow pond in the bottom of it. That is mind.
the Martyrs' Field-tradition calls it so-and there is
every reason to believe that the martyrs, who sealed THE MARTYRS' FIELD, AT CANTERBURY..
their profession of faith with their blood in Canter
bury, were really burned in that very spot. This It was on a calm evening in May that I took my first walk about the old city of Canterbury.
steep mound would afford convenient room for the
We had climbed the singular and steep mound called the Dane
spectators of the awful tragedy; and that strange hol.
low-it is dry in the summer--was certainly a work of • From the Poor Churchman's Quarterly Magazine. art, and mademor, if not made, used-for the very
executions." And so I was come to the end of my concerning whom I had opportunity to consult l'ox's pilgrimage, and to a place of much note; for, during history; and it is truly beautiful to observe how the the Marian persecution, more suffered in Kent, I religion of the Gospel supplies every want; how it believe, for their religion than in any other county in gives strength to the weak, calmness to the irritable, England; and of those the large proportion in Can- nay, supplies even natural deficiencies. Concerning terbury. And the very last martyr-fires that scared one of the martyrs, Fox remarks, “ This good woman England, and that within six days of its deliverance, was somewhat thick of hearing, but yet quick of blazed on this very memorable spot. Memorable! understanding in the Lord's matters; his name thereyet how little it is remembered. It is called the fore be praised.” of another, the account is very Martyrs' Field; yet the shepherd thinks nothing pro- touching from its extreme simplicity. Perhaps it bably of the meaning of the words as he passes to particularly affected my mind, because I knew more and fro with his few sheep. The children play here, than one for whom the character might pass; yet it and in the dry summer run races up and down this is not such a character perhaps that fancy would grace hollow; and the grown boys try strengths in leaping with the energy of a martyr; but He" shall give strength across it, and little care that once it streamed with and power unto his people"-yes, even to his feeble blood instead of water—the blood of those of whom handmaidens: blessed be God. “She was as simple a wo" the world was not worthy;" and so the little ones man to see,” says the old martyrologist, “ as any might can reach the fair maythorn- boughs from the hedge, behold: she had a lively cheerful countenance; most and find daisies and dandelions enough for their patient in her words and answers; sober in apparel, chain-few care to teach them how every flower and meat, and drink, and would never be idle; a great herb there was withered once with hotter fire than the comfort to as many as would talk to her; good to the midsummer sun's heat that flashed and sparkled here poor ; and, in her trouble, money, she said, she would as it bore the living sacrifice up to God. Ought these take none; ‘for,' she said, I am going to a city things to be so forgotten ? Are we, then, so de- where money bears no praising; whiles I am here the generate, so unworthy of our forefathers, that a Lord provideth for me.'" And it was from this very senator has dared to speak of martyrs' records as spot, I thought again, as I looked round the narrow " old almanac stories ?" “ They are old almanac boundary, that the last English martyrs ascended to stories," it was well answered; " but they are red- God: here that the bold Corneford, with almost the letter stories--they are written in blood.” Come, feeling, and all the firmness of a prophet, denounced then, let me do my part; let me express my feelings the wrath that was preparing for a persecuting and of gratitude to God for the grace bestowed on these apostate Church. My fancy pictured his manly counblessed servants of his; and let me own the venera- tenance, and his lofty bearing, as he stood there, just tion with which I trod this ground. It may be that in view of the thousands who thronged this steep billeven I may awaken some like feeling; it may be, that side; and I felt how many a heart amidst that multione who has as yet thought but little of the mighty tude (for it was not only enemies who came together debt due to our blessed martyrs, may in these latter on such occasions, but many a true and faithful, though days thank God, and take courage to follow their perhaps secret, friend, was there whispering, good example, at least in sincerity of intention. It strong in the Lord,” to the sufferers, and encouraging may be, that some young person (for there were those them in their last extremity by word and sign)-I who had the fair prospect of long and prosperous life felt how many a heart bounded almost to bursting at before them I speak froin the authority of living his words, as he hurled back the impious sentence of witnesses—who here gave themselves unblemished excommunication pronounced against him and his offerings to God) may feel their energy, and their blessed companions, and ended with a prayer, “That, activity, and their warmth of heart, all worthy to be by thy just judgments, O most mighty God, against consecrated to the Almighty Giver. It may be that thine adversaries, thy true religion may be known, to some delicate woman - for I can tell of the weak and thy great glory and our comfort, and to the edifying of fragile lifting themselves up in the hour of trial to all our nation." And did not the words come back shew how strength is made perfect in weakness—may to many a heart with an awful feeling that the prophecy learn from my record to look in faith to lIim who, to was fulfilled, when the unhappy queen died within six them that have no might, increaseth strength.
days after; and with her, as the historian observes, " In the beginning,” Fox tells us,
the tyranny of all English papists? But there stood cution there were lying in the castle,"—there, yonder, one in this field, on that same day, very different within those very walls,—" fifteen godly and innocent indeed from the undaunted Corneford, though in martyrs, of whom not one escaped with their lives;" faith, and hope, and patience, the same.
There was and this is the remarkable observation he makes, a weak, aged woman, who had learned from her own “ Though certain swerved a little in the number of son the saving doctrines of the Gospel, and that it is sacraments—some more and some less-yet in the idolatry to creep to the cross, St. John saying, "Beware principal matter, the doctrine of salvation for faith to of images ;" and to confess that " we should not pray stay upon, and in disagreeing from the dreaming to our ladye, * nor to the other saints, for they be not determinations of the popish Church, they most omnipotent.” What but the power of Divine grace agreed.” O wise should we be, if in the principal could have supported so weak and failing a frame to matter, the doctrine of salvation for faith to stay upon, such extremity! and what varied feeling of grief and once again we could all agree !
triumph must have agitated that son's mind, who, I was much struck with the variety of characters having been the means of bringing an aged parent to the which I met with in the account of those martyrs
• The Virgin Mary,
“ of the perse
confession of the truth as it is in Jesus, saw her " take he said, Surely the Lord is in this place, and I knew hold of the Gospel, and grow more and more in zeal and it not. And he was afraid, and said, How dreadful is love thereof, and so continue unto her martyrdom.”
this place! this is none other but the house of God, And there was yet one more that I must name among
and this is the gate of heaven.” So, my brethren, be
assured that there is no entry into the courts of God's that last band of the noble army of English martyrs eternal mansions but through the courts of his earıhiy young, perhaps fair and admired, perhaps educated, tabernacles, wliere be ever is among them that fear certainly with all the energy of youth,-and, oh! with
him. how much fortitude, with how much courage, that
2dly. When Almighty God was pleased to send
Moses for the deliverance of his people from Egypt, heroes, and the mighty men of this world, could never
he drew the attention of Moses to a bush burning withi have shewn! Alice made no complaint--she felt her- fire ; and when Moses turned aside to see, God spake self a sinner. It was not for her to denounce the
with him, and commanded him to put off his shoes coming vengeance of God on others. Alice humbly from off his feet, because the place where he stood was looked to others for instruction, and questioned whe
holy ground. The presence of Almighiy God consether she was right herself. Yet, being come to that
crated that spot of ground. So, too, should we be sen
sible that every place which is dedicated to the serdeadly extremity, strength sufficient for her need was
vice of our heavenly Father is also consecrated by given-strength was, once again, made perfect in his presence. weakness. As she stood at the stake, she requested to 3dly. On the transfiguration of our blessed Lord, see lier godfather and godmothers. No wonder they
it will be remembered that Peter said, “Lord, it is good trembled and liesitated to come; they must have
for us to be here.” Do we feel that it is good for us
to be in that place, wherever it may be, in which Jesus thought on the hour of joy when they bore the fair
Clirist is present as Mediator between God and man, infant, in her white robes, to the font. Yet if it was in fulfilment of his promise, “where two or three are fear that made them shudder to own their holy rela- met together in my name, there am I in the midst of
them ?" tionship to the condemned one, surely their child's
It is, then, the standard which the Holy Scripcourage must have shamed them, when they at last
tures establish, in precept and by example, whereby yielded to the repeated summons. She asked them
we must judge of our observance of the Lord's day. what they had promised for her in ber baptism; and, If our devotion in the house of God be sincere and repeating the commandments, asked if she was bound pure, the other hours of that day will be spent in to do, and the creed, if they had engaged on her conformity with that frame of mind. But is it not to
be feared that if those hours be not so spent, there behalf that she should believe, more than this. They answered that they had not. “ Then," said she, “ I
may be imperfections in our devotion which it is not
only our duty, but in our power to correct ? Is die a Christian woman ; bear witness of me.” And
it not to be feared, that if, in the language already have we dared to trifle with these holy memorials ? quoted, some tread wine-presses on the Sabbath, and Precious in the sight of the Lord is the death of his bring in shcaves, and lade asses; also wine, grapes, saints. Let us no longer allow ourselves to believe
figs, and all manner of burdens; also fish and all man
ner of ware be sold on the Sabbath,—that is, if the that it is a little matter to slight the mercy of God in
nobles (whose influence and example ought to check the establislıment of a pure Church in our country. and suppress traffic in articles which can without inWe have been cold-hearted long enough. A time jury be procured on the preceding day, or, if not, altomay come, sooner than we expect, when we shall look gether dispensed with for one day in the week) do with more of fellow-feeling on these bitter troubles. encourage such traffic-if that influence and example In the meantime, I will end my chapter with Fox's
be, farther, such as to beguile others into desecration
of the Lord's day by frivolous gaiety and festive engagesomewhat quaint, but beautiful remark and prayer.
ments, though we judge them not, still, in a conSpeaking of another company of the English martyrs, scientious discharge of our duty, we must ask, What he says: “ Thus ended all these glorious souls, that profit do they derive, or what evidence does their day, their happy lives unto the Lord, whose ages all
conduct give of any benefit accruing to them, from did grow to the sum of 406 years, or thereabouts.
the outward attendance upon divine worship?
This is a subject which has engaged the grave The Lord grant we may well spend our years and days
deliberation of many men of sound mind and of ferlikewise to his glory.”
vent piety. It has also perplexed the wavering, and been a stumbling-block in the way of the weak. How
Christians, so amply, so abundantly provided with AN ADDRESS
the means of knowing God's will, and of obtaining his On the better Obsorvance of the Lord's Day,
grace to do his will, can so blindly, so obstinately,
neglect those means on the one hand; or, in a partial Being the substance of a Sermon preached at use of them, can still so inconsistently, and almost Brunswick Chapel, Marylebone.
scornfully, undo, by subsequent, or even simultaneous, BY THE Rev. G. GILBERT, B.D.
conduct, in themselves or their dependents, or in
both cases, what they seem to men to have been (Concluded from Number LV.)
occupied in at public worship,-has been, and is, to There are three eminent instances of devotion in some, matter of sore and painful observation--to others, the Scriptures, to which we may now briefly refer:- the fruitful occasion of scoffing and ridicule at the
Ist. "When Jacob fled from the anger of Esan bis religion which they profess. brother, on his way to sojourn with Laban, his mo- That we may be sure that our example either edither's brother (as narrated in Gen. xxviii.), he lighted fies or scandalises others, let us return to the pasupon a certain place, and carried there all night, and sage already alluded to, where it is written, "Did took of the stones of that place and set them up for not your fathers thus ?” at the same time recollecthis pillow, and lay down to sleep. And he slept and ing, on almost every occasion where Israel is redreamed : and in his drcam God revealed himself to proved, that reference is made to the evil example him, and gave him promises of most comprehensive of their fathers, by way of either reproach or warning, blessings. And Jacob awaked out of his sleep, and The influence of a father's good example is undoubts
edly great, and to be highly venerated. But if a father cannot speak otherwise, because each must, for himset an evil example to his child, is that child, on self, be the judge of his own conduct and motives. arriving at years of discretion to know right from There may be circumstances of unavoidable or unforewrong, to be commended for following that example, seen occurrence, or of attention to the recovery or or for turning aside from it altogether to the perform- | promotion of health, which may sanction a partial ance of that which all must adınit to be the common deviation from the rules laid down : but it will indeed duty of man? If, for instance, a father has desecrated, become us to be very jealous of the motive and cause either covertly or openly, a part or the whole of the of that deviation, lest we allow a merely imaginative Sabbath-day, and the child, seeing such a course to matter to become the plausible excuse for wilful or be wrong, has duly observed that day, is he not there- inconsiderate neglect. fore to be commended ? So, my brethren, should After what has been said, you must judge for yourany of you have seen an example of neglect of, or selves how far worldly recreation, or social intercourse, inattention to, the solemn obscrvance of this day, be or traffic, or labour, can consistently, and with proassured that it is your duty to forsake and reject that priety, be allowed or required by you. Remember, I example, and to obey that command only which has exhort you, that we must all appear before the judg. ordained its sanctification.
ment-seat of Christ, that every one may receive the But further ; there is a voice of warning in these things done in his body, according to that he hath words, which is addressed to every individual, and to done, whether it be good or bad -- and remembering the whole nation : “ Did not our God bring all this this, prepare for the solemn account, which you must evil upon us, and upon this city ? yet ye bring more give at that day, among other matters, of your use or wrath upon Israel by profaning the Sabbath.” Na- ABUSE of the CHRISTIAN SABBATH. tional sins are the accumulation of individual sins; and national judgments follow upon national sins. So the reformation of a nation's sins commences with
Biography. the reformation of individuals. It is therefore the duty of every one of us to examine ourselves, in order JOHN DOUGLAS, D.D., BISHOP OF SALISBURY. to ascertain what share or portion of national guilt may attach to us; and where, by God's blessing, we have
Join Douglas was born in 1721 at Pittenweem, in discovered it, to forsake, and sincerely to repent of,
the county of Fife, from which his parents removed our sin.
to London, where they kept for many years the British It has already been observed, as indeed the whole Coffee House, in Cockspur Street. John is said to tenour of my address bears upon the circumstance, that have commenced his studies at Dunbar, and was sent the profaning of the Sabbath is perhaps the mos offensive sin in the sighit of God; because it is, in
to Oxford, where lie entered St. Mary's Hall in 1736, fact, dishonouring his name, as well as his authority.
but in 1738 removed to Balliol College, on the exhiIt is assuming to ourselves the right of dispensing, bitions therein founded by Bishop Warner and Mr. entirely or partially, with his commandment, and in- Snell for natives of Scotland.* He took the degree sulting him with mockery of service, or abuse of his
of V.A. in 1743; and, being intended for the Church, own day. The breach of any other commandment is
directed his attention with no common ardour to equally sin; but in the breach of this, there seems to be such a rejection of his gracious gifts, such a direct
theological pursuits. After he took deacon's orders repugnance to that intercourse with himself which he he became a chaplain in the army, and was present at lias offered to us, as amounts to more than disobedi- the battle of Fontenoy. On his return he resided for ence and rebellion, even to ungrateful insult. Now,
some time at Balliol, was ordained priest, and served if it should be seen, as some think it is, that the turmoils, and apprehensions, and perplexities, which of
for some years the curacy of Tilehurst, near Reading,
and afterwards of Dunstew, in Oxfordshire. A cirlate have pervaded all classes of society, are to be traced, if even but in part, to the neglect and desecra
cumstance now occurred, to which, humanly speaking, tion of the Lord's day-and certain it is, that this day may be referred the preferment which he afterwards is not duly and appropriately reverenced-how does it obtained. William Pulteney, earl of Bath, who had become those, in the first place, whose rank, and
long distinguished himself as one of the first orators influence, and example, lead and control others, to
in the House of Commons, was anxious to procure a inquire, whether they are in any way indulging in or sanctioning such practices and conduct as are
suitable tutor for his only child, Lord Pulteney; and derogatory to God's honour, or injurious to the due to this important office Mr. Douglas was appointed ; influence of Christ's holy religion on the consciences and, with his pupil, made a tour of considerable extent and conduct of their Christian brethren! In the next
Lord place, it becomes those who are, in a worldly sense,
through the principal countries in Europe. in an inferior grade of society, to inquire how far
Pulteney died in 1703. But Mr. Douglas before and example, which they know to be pernicious, and
after that event retained the esteem of that noble fraught with danger to their eternal welfare, ought to family, who bestowed upon him many tokens of their intuence them to the neglect of a plain, and positive, regard, and by their patro:rage or interest he was and known duty. If there be any here whose de
presented to the chapelry of Eaton Constantine, the pendents receive weekly remuneration for their services and labour, let them remember, that by the pay
donative of Uppington, Salop, in 17-19, and, in the ment of that remuneration at a reasonable hour on the following year, to the vicarage of Iligh Ercal, in the evening previous to the Sabbath, or on the Friday, the same county. mechanic will be able so to arrange for the supply of In 1750, the Lauderi in controversy arose, which his necessities on that evening as to attend to the tended to increase the fame of Mr. Douglas. William important interests of his soul on the Lord's day. And let the mechanic and the poor
Lauder, a native of Scotland, who had been a teacher
per, that their souls are equally precious in the sight of their
of Latin in Edinburgh, and had been disappointed in heavenly Father as though they dwelt in palaces of obtaining a professors'rip, removed to London, where cedar, or swayed the scepires of empires.
he endeavoured to write himself into notice by comOn these matters, however, as indeed on the whole
mencing, in 1717, an attack on the literary character subject, the address before referred to will inform you. We purposely speak in general terms; and we • See Memoir of Alexander Nicoll, D.C.L. &c. vol. i. p. 231.
of Milton, accusing him of plagiarism in copying | invaluable talent, to be strictly accounted for; and he from modern Latin poets, not generally known, some felt himself called upon to redeem it to the uttermost. of the most splendid images in Paradise Lost. “I The writer of this brief memoir has heard from an could produce a whole cloud of witnesses,” said he, individual to whom the bishop's habits were perfectly “ as fresh vouchers of the truth of my assertion, with known, that he has been forcibly struck with the whose fine sentiments, as so many gay feathers, Mil- immense quantity of business and reading which his ton has plumed himself; like one who would adorn a lordship was able to get through, simply by the maxim garland with flowers secretly taken out of various of never allowing a moment to be wasted. gardens; or a crown with jewels stolen from the dif- Mr. Douglas took the degree of D.D. in May 1758, ferent diadems or repositories of princes,-by which having been nominated one of the king's chaplains. means he shines indeed, but with the borrowed lustre In 1762, he was appointed canon of Windsor ; exof a surreptitious majesty.” In 1750, Mr. Douglas changed his country livings for those of St. Austin published his Vindication of Milton from the charge and St. Faith, London, and, in 1776, the canonry of brought against him-distinctly shewed that many Windsor for one of St. Paul's. In 1787, he was raised passages quoted by Lauder for the purpose of proving to the episcopal bench on the decease of Dr. Edmund his position were themselves gross forgeries. The Law, bishop of Carlisle; and translated to Salisbury in detection of this fraud, which had even imposed on 1791, on the removal of Dr. Barrington to Durham. Dr. Johnson, gave great satisfaction to the literary His lordship, after discharging the duties of this see world at large. Lauder was compelled to acknow- for sixteen years, died on the 18th of May, 1807, ledge his guilt, and to express his contrition; but he expiring in the arms of his son, the Rev. William afterwards published another attack, “ The Grand Douglas, himself many years deceased; and who Impostor detected, or Milton convicted of Forgery | joined, if I mistake not, to important preserment against Charles I.” The fraudulent passages in this, in the cathedral of Salisbury, a prebendal stall at however, were also detected ; and Lauder, covered Westminster. His lordship's decay was gradual; he with disgrace, went to Barbados, where he died in was worn out, in fact ; for he had far exceeded the 1771.
usually allotted term of human life. He was twice In 1754, Mr. Douglas again employed his pen, and married; and among his relations now living, and in a cause still more important, by publishing a letter usefully engaged in the Church, are Archdeacon on the Criterion of Miracles, allowed to be a masterly Macdonald, and the Messrs. Anderson of Brighton. perforinance, and principally intended as an antidote
0. against the poisonous notions of Voltaire, Hume, and men of the infidel school, who were at that time
BAPTISMAL BLESSING AND OBLIGATION: attracting attention, and obtaining a growing influence over the minds of the ill-informed and unthinking
Sermon, part of the community. This work tended strongly
BY THE Rev. C. A. J. SMITII, M.A. to point out the author as qualified for the highest
Curate of St. Andrew's, Plymouth. places in the Church. Archibald Bower, a native of Dundee, had received
Prov. xxii. 6. his education at the Scots’ College in Douay; after “ Train up a child in the way wherein he should go, which he had gone to Rome, and become a Jesuit.
and when he is old he will not depart from it." He served in the court of the Inquisition at Mace- An unhappy feature of the Christianity of the rata, whence he subsequently returned to England, day in which we live, is the insensibility, and professed himself a member of the Established extensively prevailing, in relation to the Church, and was employed by several families as a
doctrines either of baptismal obligation or private tutor. Besides other works, he published, in baptismal privilege. It is quite affecting to 1748, the first volume of the Lives of the Popes; and
think of the numbers, in all stations of society, was the same year appointed keeper of Queen Caro
with whom the reception of the holy sacraline's library. This work in due time was answered
ment of baptism, if it is not regarded by them by Mr. Douglas, who exposed the author's moral character, by shewing his plagiarisms from Tillemont;
in the light of a mere form, is reduced to an and yet more his secret connexion with the Jesuits,
act of superstition; by which the recipient is after professing his conviction of the errors of popery: regarded as regenerated, all the while that a connexion, it is to be feared, which has existed they are training him in principles and pracunder many similar declarations of a renunciation of
tices contradicting every thing which was allegiance to the see of Rome. The remarks of Mr. solemnly promised in his name at the baptisDouglas entirely destroyed the reputation of Bower,
mal font. On the other hand, there exists, even who died, in great obscurity, in 1766.
among professedly religious people, an extenOther works proceeded from his pen-some of a
sive infidelity in reference to the privileges of political character: all of which testified the supe
which baptism is declared, in the formularies riority of his natural talent, the depth of his learn
of our apostolical Church, to be at once a ing, and the extent of his acquaintance with sub- sign, a means, and a pledge. These persons jects not strictly professional. By the appointment endeavour to be wise above what is written. of the Lords of the Admiralty, he arranged Captain They reason in a case in which it is equally Cook's papers for publication. He made it, in fact, a their duty and their blessing to believe. They rule never to be idle. Time appeared to him to be an refuse to " take heed” to the light afforded to