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with fervency. Could we but pray with fervency, could we pray with a soul resuscitated, a mind awakened, an understanding quickened, then were Satan to appear, he would instantaneously fly; were the gates of hell to yawn upon us, they would close again. Prayer is a haven to the shipwrecked mariner, an anchor to them that are sinking in the waves, a staff to the limbs that totter, a mine of jewels to the poor, a security to the rich, a healer of diseases, and a guardian of health. Prayer at once secures the continuance of our blessings, and dissipates the cloud of our calamities.-St. Chrysostom.

SELF-ESTEEM. Opinion of ourselves is like the casting of a shadow, which is always longest when the sun is at the greatest distance. By the degrees that the sun approaches, the shadow shortens; and under the direct meridian light it becomes none at all. It is so with our opinion of ourselves. While the good influences of God are at the greatest distance from us, it is then always that we conceive best of ourselves. As God approaches, the conceit lessens, till we receive the fuller measures of his grace; and then we become nothing in our own conceit, and God appears to be all in all.-Dean Young,

Amid their ranks thou seem'st to move
A messenger of peace and love,
Of mercies more than man has given,
Mercies revealed and sent by Heaven.
Spirits tumultuous, proud, and wild,
Then learn the meekness of a child;
Freed from the world's oppressive cares,
Aud safe from its seductive snares,
They mourn to look their hearts within,
They joy to hear of pardoned sin,
And trustfully in Him confide,
Who for the lost and guilty died.
Though none should in their posts repine,
Few own a privilege like thine,
To mingle hopes of heavenly birth
With the soft charities of earth,
To see thy dying charge receive
Each aid that human skill can give,
And add thine own best boon of love,

Glad tidings of a world above.
St. John's Rectory, April 1837.

Poetry.
THE HOSPITAL CHAPLAIN.

BY MRS. ABDY.
For the Church of England Magazine.
Although the echoing voice of fame
Sound not thy labours and thy name,
Though many deem confined and drear
The duties of thy narrow sphere ;
Still, when I look around, and see
Thy brethren of the ministry,
By troubles, toils, and cares opprest,
I prize thy tranquil place of rest.
Thou dost not view with sorrowing eyes
The slaves of idle vanities
A heedless course of pleasure run,
Thy warnings slight, thy presence shun,
Or coldly bend their listless way
To hear thee on the Sabbath-day,
Then, even from God's holy fane,
Rush to the dazzling world again.
Thou art not called on to oppose
Bold lawless men, religion's foes,
Ready and loud in faction's cause,
Scoffing established claims and laws,
Fluent with sceptic doubt and sneer,
While thou must silent stand, and hear
All that thou hold'st most dear, most blest,
The subject of a reckless jest.
And oh! when death thy flock is nigh,
Thou need'st not vainly strive and sigh,
The couch of suffering to attend,
Watched by some false officious friend,
Who, light of thought, and cold of heart,
Can let the sinner's soul depart,
Close to his minister's abode,
Without a word of Christ and God!
No, they who claim thy cares are all
Humbly prepared to meet thy call,
By sickness curbed, by pain subdued,
By kindness won to gratitude.

Miscellaneous. CHARITY.—Children should be inured as early as possible to acts of charity and mercy. Constantine, as soon as his son could write, employed his hand in signing pardons, and delighted in conveying through his mouth all the favours that he granted-a noble introduction to sovereignty, which is instituted for the happiness of mankind. - Jortin.

ALEXANDER of Russia.-We are indebted to a friend for the subjoined copy of an imperial ukase issued by the late Emperor Alexander of Russia. The severe but just rebuke which it contains, resenbling, in some respects, the one given by our king Canute to his servile flatterers, was called forth by gross adulation to the emperor, when he was on his last tour through his dominions :-Ukase addressed to the Legislatire Synod at Moscow, by Alerander,

Emperor of Russia, dated from Moscou, Oct. 27, 1817. “ During my late travels through the provinces I was obliged, to my no small regret, to listen to speeches pronounced in different parts, which contained unbecoming praises of me-praises which can only be ascribed unto God. And as I am convinced in the depth of my heart of the Christian truth, that every blessing floweth unto us through our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ alone; and that every man, be he who he may, without Christ, is full only of evil; therefore to ascribe unto me the glory of deeds in which the band of God had been evidently manifested before the whole world, is to give unto men that glory which belongeth urto Almighty God alone. I account it my duty, therefore, to forbid all such unbecoming expressions of praise, and recommend that, on similar occasions in future, the people refrain from all such expressions of praise, so disagreeable to my ears; and that they may render unto the Lord of Hosts alone thanksgivings for the blessings bestowed upon us, and pray for the outpouring of his grace upon all of us ; conforming themselves in this matter to the words of sacred writ, which requires us to render to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise God, honour and glory, for ever and ever.-ALEXANDER."

LONDON :- Published by JAMES BURNS, 17 Portman Street, Portman Square; W. EDWARDS, 12 Ave Maria Lane, St. Paul's; and to be procured, by order, of all Booksellers in Town and Country.

PRINTED BY ROBSON, LEVEY, AND FRANKLIN, 46 ST. MARTIN'S IAXE.

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THE ADVANTAGES OF CHRISTIAN CON. cession, and dealt out by Providence upon

TENTMENT, AS OPPOSED TO A SPIRIT every man for wise purposes, and (if we will OF COVETOUSNESS.

but work out God's counsel with fear and By the Rev. EDWARD SCOBELL, M.A. trembling) for sanctifying purposes, and for Minister of St. Peter's, Vere Street, London. eventual good, temporal as well as everlast[Concluded from No. LIV.]

ing, “to them that love God, to them that are I PROCEED now to the motives and conso- called according to his purpose.” And thanks lations that should operate with the Chris- be to our God, duty and interest ever go tian in the steady course of a contented life. together. Happy are we in the service of a It may possibly occur to many persons to

Master who calls upon us to do nothing but say, “ It is hard to be contented and patient what will contribute to our comfort. Exin poverty, or in misfortune; it is difficult to amine the reasons given by the apostle St. resist pleasures, and the money which pro- Paul in the passage before cited from the cures them; it is mortifying to see others, Hebrews, “ Be content with such things as younger and perhaps less worthy, surpassing ye have : for he hath said, I will never leave us in earthly resources, and excelling us in thee nor forsake thee.” Believe firmly in this the temporal lustres of life." I allow it is animating promise, and there is no difficulty in hard to a worldly mind — to a mind that sets resigning yourselves to whatever is appointed. its happiness on these objects, and not on Let us, then, see on what the promise is the riches of Christ; but then it is a Chris- founded. The apostle declares “that God tian's duty, and that is our first consideration : has said it.” The particular promise alluded —it is a duty, because we are the children of to is the one made by God to Joshua, on his a sovereign Lord, and not the absolute dis- appointment to succeed Moses : God said to posers of our own state. Even the hairs of him, “ I will never leave nor forsake thee.” our head are numbered ; and “the ordering But it is a promise that runs through every of every lot is of the Lord.” It is a duty, page of the Bible. “I have been young, because else the course of this world, as a and now am old,” says David, “ but never world of probation, could not go on. If all saw I the righteous forsaken.” His eyes were rich, where would be the virtues of

over the faithful.

“ Come unto resignation and submission, and all the other me," says the blessed Saviour, "all that are graces — perhaps the most beautiful of all heavy laden." Casting all your care upon graces,—those that adorn a humble station ? him," says the apostle, " for he careth for If all were poor, where would be generosity, you." “By him all things consist ; and he charity, subdued pride, and moderated pas

is the Head of the Church :" and though there sions ? No: “ The poor shall never cease

be indeed " diversities of operations, yet it is out of the land." There must be all ranks, the same God which worketh all in all.” and all degrees, poverty as well as riches,

“ Shall he not then take care of you, O

ye of calamities as well as successes, joys as well little faith ?" Alas! here is the fatal error as sorrows,—all mixed up in mysterious suc- that blights all our spiritual resources, -a VOL. II. —NO. LV.

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want of faith ; a want of reliance on God's

The Saviour says,

Ho, every one that promises, because we do not come to Christ, thirsteth, come to the waters." None can as the Author and the Finisher, and seek his tell the full luxury of water, but the parching favour and blessing in his own appointed lips in a burning fever; nor can any feel the way. We trust too much to ourselves, we refreshing power of Christ's blood, but he seek our comforts exclusively from ourselves; who is really athirst for the cup of salvation ! and when they fail (as fail they must), we He it is to whom the Lord says, “I will be have no other resource to fly to,

with
you;

I will never leave nor forsake like a ship that has lost its last anchor; and you.” Then, what blessed expressions are we must fain then run upon the rocks. Now, these! and uttered, not by man, but by him, the Gospel says, we must never trust to our- the Lord of eternal life !- by him who cannot selves. The Gospel repeatedly lays it down, lie, but who will fulfil beyond what we can that though“we say we are rich, and increased desire,—by him, “who, willing to shew more with goods, and have need of nothing, yet abundantly to the heirs of promise the immuthat we are wretched, and miserable, and tability of his counsel, confirmed it by an poor, and blind, and naked.” It counsels us oath, that by two immutable things, in which to buy of Jesus gold tried in the fire; to it was impossible for God to lie, we might clothe ourselves in garments washed and have a strong consolation, who have fled for whitened in the blood of the Lamb. It tells refuge, to lay hold on the hope set before us we have no power of ourselves to help our- us!" So that the Christian, regenerated and selves ; that we are not sufficient to think, renewed by God's reviving grace in Christ much less to do, any thing as of ourselves ; Jesus, need not repine in any circumstances; but that our sufficiency is of a covenant God. he need not be in doubt, in suspense, in It is grace which must soften our hearts; it alarm: but, in every trial, in every perplexity, is grace which must give us true repentance, in every peril of body or of soul, he may and work in our souls the whole work of say, boldly, fearlessly, in the most cheerful, “ wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctifica- animated, and soul-restoring accents: “ The tion, and redemption." “ The Spirit it is that Lord is my helper; he has redeemed me with quickeneth ; the flesh profiteth nothing.” his blood; he has sealed me by the Spirit The promises of God in the cross of Christ unto the day of redemption : he has “guided are unbounded and enduring - yea and me by his counsel,” and “has left me an examen in him, to the glory of God by us :"-- ample;" he has guarded me amidst a perbut then it is only by the living Spirit of the verse, and crooked, and dangerous world : Lord upon our hearts that we can appropriate and will he now suffer me to pine in want ?them, or safely rely upon their immutable will he allow me to be needlessly assaulted ? power. “ The Spirit must take of the things -- will he, who, when I was an enemy, was of God, and shew them to us.” “ I will be reconciled by the death of his Son, permit me, with you,” saith the Lord of hosts : but with when reconciled, to wander over the wilderwhom?— with the sensual ? with the carnal ? ness of life a helpless, hopeless, desolate, and will God

support the pharisee in his unscrip-friendless creature? Thanks be to his name, tural hypocrisy and heartless form ? will he he has told me- No! I am assured of his draw nigh to them that are not willing to presence and protection for evermore. “Havdraw nigh to him ? or dwell with those that ing loved his own, which are in the world, he have but an impure, and sensual, and stub- loves them unto the end.” born heart to offer him for his residence ? Let, then, the world be hard with us, if it Never, never; “ for thus saith the high and will ; let men rise up against us, and be lofty One, that inhabiteth eternity, whose ready to swallow us up quick, so wrathfully name is Holy,- I dwell in the high and holy are they displeased at us !"-yet, even then, place ; with him also that is of a contrite and when the floods swell, and the deep waters humble spirit.” If we cannot feel the cove- of the proud are going even over our soul !-nanted blessings of religion, both for time and so the Lord himself is on our side," now may for eternity, it is because “we will not come to the believer say, and we will not fear what him that we may have life;" it is because “we man can do unto us. Only do thou be ready, grieve the Holy Ghost; and because we have o blessed Jesus, to visit us according to thy trodden under foot the Son of God; and have promise ; do thou but stand at the door and counted the blood of the covenant an unholy knock, willing to enter our lowly dwelling, thing; and have done despite to the Spirit of " to sup with us, and we with thee,"—then, grace." “ Yea, let God be true, but every lift up your heads, O ye gates of our heart, man a liar; as it is written, That thou mightest and be ye lift up, ye doors of our now be justified in thy saying, and mightest over- awakened and willing soul, and the King of come when thou art judged;" verily, “our glory for ever shall come in! blood is on our own heads."

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AN ADDRESS

may not have occurred to you in reference to your duty On the better Observance of the Lord's Day,

on that day. Being the substance of a Sermon preached at

In the first place, have you duly considered that the Brunswick Chapel, Marylebone.

commencement, the dawn of every Sabbath-and, in

deed, the dawn of every day, but more especially of BY THE Rev. G. GILBERT, B.D.*

the Lord's day is the Lord's? The evangelists are "Cry aloud, spare not, lift up thy voice like a trum

all unanimous in recording, that, very early in the pet, and shew my people their transgressions, and the

morning, and while it was yet dark, as it began to house of Jacob their sins," was the commission given Mary Magdalene and the other Mary, came to the

dawn, two of the disciples, Peter and another, and to the prophet Isaiah on an occasion similar in some degree to the present. Among those sins was that of

sepulchre of their Lord, and found angels, which told

them that he had risen from the dead. If, then, you profaning the Sabbath-day. The remonstrance for this sin is thus conveyed: “ If thou turn away thy foot

commemorate-and your profession is such-if you comfrom the Sabbath, from doing thy pleasure on my

memorate his resurrection on this his day, the whole must

be consecrated by you to that object, beginning with the holy day, and call the Sabbath a delight, the holy of

earliest hours at which your eyes behold its light, and the Lord, honourable ; and shalt honour him, not do

ending only when you recline upon your bed. Thus ing thine own ways, nor finding thine own pleasure, nor speaking thine own words: then shalt thou delight duty—is to return thanks and praise to your merciful

viewed, your first duty-as indeed it is your every-day thyself in the Lord ; and I will cause thee to ride upon the high places of the earth, and feed thee with the

God, for sustaining you—as the Psalmist expresses himheritage of Jacob thy father: for the mouth of the

self," I laid me down and slept: I awaked, for the Lord Lord hath spoken it.”

sustained me.” Sacred subjects and moral improveIt must be evident to every candid mind, that these

ment of time will be most befitting the intervals before,

between, and after the morning and evening worship words contain a reproof for the hypocritical manner in which the Israelites at that time pretended to keep

of Almighty God in his house of prayer; in a portion

of the first of which intervals, as also of the last when the Sabbath-day. While in the language of another Scripture the open profanation of the Sabbath is re

practicable, the assembling of your families and house

holds for social worship is most urgently incumbent proved in the persons of the nobles of Judah: “Then

upon every Christian, whose influence and control exI contended with the nobles of Judah, and said unto

tends to children and servants. I have said, the mornthem, What evil thing is this that ye do, and profane the Sabbath-day? Did not your fathers thus, and did

ing and evening worship of Almighty God, because I

fear, and indeed I am aware, that many, far too many, not our God bring all this evil upon us, and upon this city? yet ye bring more wrath upon Israel by profan

content themselves with attending on that worship but ing the Sabbath” (Nehemiah, xiii. 17, 18); and

on the Lord's day, just at whichever may be in what manner it was thus profaned, the preceding

most congenial to their own habits or their own catwo verses will shew : “ In those days,” saith the

price ; while the practice of some is seldom, and of prophet, saw I in Judah some treading wine-presses

others never, to attend at public worship. Of these

latter it can be but to little or to no purpose now to on the Sabbath, and bringing in sheaves, and lading asses; as also wine, grapes, and figs, and all manner of

speak, for they cannot hear. But to those who form burdens, which they brought into Jerusalem on the

a part of the other classes mentioned, I appeal ;-and

I entreat them to reflect well for themselves, whether Sabbath-day: and I testified against them in the day wherein they sold victuals. There dwelt men of

they do not practically contradict the professions which Tyre also therein, which brought fish, and all manner

they make as Christians, by devoting any portion of of ware, and sold on the Sabbath unto the children of

that time, “ which God's immutable law doth exact Judah, and in Jerusalem.” “ Then,” the prophet

for ever" to be sanctified to his service, to any other adds, “ Then I contended with the nobles of Judah,

pursuit or end than that for which the whole day was and said unto them, What evil thing is this that ye do,

originally set apart and commanded to be kept holy. and profane the Sabbath-day?

It may not have occurred to some of you, that the Secular occupation, open traffic, frivolous pleasure,

food which you require, and the indulgences which you inconvenient hilarity, mark too fearfully the corre

provide, may all be supplied on the day before the spondence of these our times with those in which the

Sabbath. It may not have occurred to you, that the prophets Isaiah and Nehemiah lived. We are not

purveyors of your necessary food, or articles of luxury, content with the liberty which our blessed Lord has

as creatures of the same God, redeemed by the blood granted us in that remarkable saying which he spake,

of the same atonement, and to be sanctified by the same " The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the

Holy Spirit, with yourselves, are equally concerned in Sabbath,” without going beyond the limits which all

the duty and advantages of a due observance of this Scripture assigns to his words, viz. that it was made

day. It may not have occurred to you, that the prefor man's rest from toil, and not for man's perversion

venting them from the discharge of this duty, and the and abuse to evil and sinful ends; made for man's de

debarring them from these advantages, by your want of

due consideration, or neglect, will be required at your light in God's worship and service, and not in his own tritling and dissipated pleasure ; made for man's spi

hands. It may not have occurred to you, that the enactritual benefit and intercourse, devotional and charit

ment of a penalty by the legislature, and the enforceable employment; and not for unprofitable visiting,

ment of it on the part of the magistrate, for the sale the frequenting of the scenes of fashionable resort,

of articles even of necessity during divine service, or luxurious festivities, and crowded banquets.

for open traffic in some things totally unnecessary at It is the notorious and open breach of the fourth

any part of the day, is in the extreme absurd and commandment-Remember the Sabbath-day to keep

puerile, while the traffickers are encouraged to such an it holy-in all grades of society, which has called forth

extent as that the penalty is but a small tax upon from the clergy of this extensive and very populous

the profit of their trading. It may not have occurred parish an address to the inhabitants on “ the better

to you, that in taking your own pleasure, and in the observance of the Lord's day." And if you will bear

undue use of your equipages, you are depriving your with

attendants of those privileges which it is your bounden me, brethren, in an open and honest appeal to

duty to afford them, as Christian members of a proyour hearts and judgments, I will endeavour humbly to offer to your consideration some few points which

fessedly Christian household, and your cattle of that

rest which, in the law of God, you are enjoined to • Occasioned by the publication and circulation of an Address

give them ; nor that your example is the common on the above subject, agreed upon by the Rectors and other officiating clergy of the parish of Marylebone, Feb. 1837, property of those who observe you, and who will

appropriate to themselves the pattern which you set period, in which he continued to be perfectly sensible them.

and collected, except that, on the 12th, he had a kind If none of these considerations have presented

of fit, in which he suddenly fell down ; his face bethemselves to your minds, let them now be entertained seriously, and with a direct reference to his

came black; his breathing difficult, and he remained

senseless for half an hour. On the 17th the fit was power, his pleasure, his ways, and his command, who first instituted the Sabbath as a sacred day of rest, repeated; but, as in the former instance, the insensibecause that in it God rested from his own work of bility which it occasioned was but of a very short creation; and to his Gospel who has declared that the

continuance; and it was probably at about this peSon of Man is Lord of the Sabbath-day. It cannot be supposed that, in keeping only a portion

riod of his illness, or perhaps a few days earlier, that of that day holy, you are complying with what is re

he thus recorded, in one of his memorandum-books, quired of you; neither can it be granted that attend- the grateful sense he entertained of the mercies he ance at divine worsirip, which is alloyed by worldly had received at the hands of the Lord, in seasons that thoughts, or accompanied by unsuitable and uncon

were past, and of his ardent desire to be enabled to genial schemes for finishing out the day, is such wor

put his trust and confidence in him for the future. ship as God will approve; or that they who continue to manifest such a spirit in his sight, are such as he

May I not look on present difficulties, or think of seeks to worship him. We read in holy writ of those future ones in this world, as I am but a pilgrim or whom the word preached did not profit, because it wayfaring man, that tarries but a night! This is not was not mixed with faith in them that heard it. And

my home : but may I think what God has done for how are they qualified to hear the things of God, the

me, and rely on his power and his grace ; for his proGospel of salvation by Jesus Christ his Son, whose worship has been so destitute of faith in apprehend

mise, his mercy endureth for ever: but I am faint and ing his spiritual presence among them, and of sincerity

low, yet I trust in the right way, pursuing though in praying for those blessings which, peradventure, too apt to forget my Almighty Friend and my God. they have not even asked with their lips?

Oh! my soul, remember and record how often God Be not deceived, my brethren--God is not mocked:

has sent an answer of peace, mercies in the most you may deceive your fellow-creatures, you may deceive yourselves: but God you CANNOT deceive! It

seasonable times; how often, better than thy fears, was said by your divine Lord, that the hypocrites

exceeded thy expectations. Oh, why should I distrust prayed and fasted to be seen of men; but he added, this good and faithful God? In his word, he has is when thou pray pray to thy Father which is in

said, “In all thy ways acknowledge him, and he will secret: when thou fastest, anoint thine head and wash

direct thy path.' Lord, leave me not to my own thy face; that thou appear not unto men to fast, but

wisdom, which is folly; nor to my own strength, which unto thy Fatlıer which is in secret.” By this was intended, that assumed devotion to gain the notice and is weakness. Help me to glorify thee on earth, and applause of man was offensive ; but that genuine sup- finish the work thou givest me to do, and to thy name plication, and true contrition of heart, were accept- alone be all the praise.” The latter of these pious able in the sight of God. As, then, your devotion is, reflections and devout aspirations is inscribed upon so will your profit be in that which you hear. If you pray with the heart and with the understanding also,

the cover of the book; and beneath it, evidently writyour hearing the word preached will not be the mere

ten at a somewhat later period, are two short senhearing of the outward ear, but that which, by God's tences bearing his dying testimony to his belief in the grace, shall be so grafted inwardly in your hearts as doctrines which had formed so prominent a feature in to bring forth in you the fruit of good living.

his creed through life, and which led him to place his [To be concluded in next Number.]

firm and sole dependence for salvation on the Rock of

Ages in the hour of death. "Oh that the Son of THE DEATH OF HOWARD.

God may not die for me in vain !" " I think I never

look into myself, but I find some corruption and sin A day or two after his return to Cherson, he went

in my heart. O God, do thou sanctify and cleanse to dine with Admiral Mordvinof, who lived about a mile and a half from his lodgings. He stayed later

the thoughts of my depraved heart.” In the middle of

a page of another, still remaining in pencil, he has than usual, and when he returned, found himself unwell, and thought he had something of the gout flying

traced in ink the following sentence in his notes of

one of Dr. Stennet's sermons, strikingly characteristic about him, being subject to the attacks of that disease

of his feelings at the near approach of his own dissofrom an early period of his life. He immediately took

lution : “ It is one of the noblest expressions of real some sal volatile in a little tea, and thought himself better, until three or four o'clock on the following

religion to be cheerfully willing to live or die, as it

may seem meet to God.” On the inside of the cover morning, when, feeling not quite so well, he repeated

of the book he has written the following sentence, his former dose. Soon after his usual hour he got up

rendered doubly interesting from its being, in all proand walked out; but, finding himself worse, soon returned home and took an emetic, which did not pre

bability, the last the hand of Howard ever traced :vent a violent attack of fever on the following night; life or death!"

“Oh that Christ may be magnified in me, either by to arrest whose progress he had immediate recourse to his favourite remedy of James's powders, which he

Thus fully preparing himself for a change which was regularly took every two or four hours, till Sunday the

now rapidly approaching, on the 18th of January the 17th (of January, 1790]; for though, as soon as he

symptoms of this great and good man's disease began was acquainted with his illness, Prince Potemkin

to assume a still more alarming appearance; for he

was seized with a violent hiccoughing, which conkindly sent his physician to attend him, his own pre

tinued the next day, until it was somewhat allayed scriptions were never interfered with during this

by musk draughts, administered by direction of his • From bis Memoirs.

medical attendant. Whilst in the enjoyment of

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