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But oh! if it be that aught can impart
A ruddier glow to a mother's heart,
And quicken the throbs of a mother's brow,
She loveth him better than ever now;
For there seemeth a more than natal charm
As she taketh him back from the priestly arm;
And foldeth him closer the fears to quell,
That quivered his lips as the dew-drops fell ;
-Yet wipes not away those dew-drops mild,
Heaven's seal of grace to her votive child ;
Nor doubts that the babe she clasps to her breast,
Caress'd upon earth, is of Heaven caress'd.

WHERE IS IT MOTHERS LEARN THEIR

LOVE?.
• Where is it mothers learn their love?

In every church a fountain springs,
O'er which the Eternal Dove
Hovers on softest wings."

KEBLE's Christian Year.
And say, doth our Isis minstrel count
That 'tis but at baptism's mystic fount,
Where hovereth meekly the sacred Dove,
The enchanted mother learns her love ?
She loved ere her babe entranced her eye ;
She loved ere she listed his new-born sigh ;
She loved ere she smiling soothed his fears ;
She loved ere she weeping dried his tears ;
She loved ere she clasped him in nightly dream,
And gladdened his lips with the pearly stream.
She loved as she watched through childhood's cares,
She loved as she trembled 'midst youthful snares;
She loved as he grew in manhood's pride ;
She loved when he wooed a stranger bride.
She loved him an infant on her knee,
And she loves him again in his progeny ;
She loved him young, and she loves him old,
For warm is her heart, though her blood be cold;
And her parting sigh, and farewell prayer,
Still whisper in death a mother's care.
She loves in sorrow, she loves in joy-
The world's worst pest was some mother's toy,
Who boded no ill in her darling boy.
She loves him froward, she loves him mild ;
The dark-eyed savage loves her child,
Though unblessed by the holy priest's embrace,
Nor moistened his brow with the dew of grace.

And yet said the palm-decked minstrel true ;
For the saintly mother loves anew,
When first to her weeping eye 'tis given
To behold her babe a babe of heaven;
For faith rejoiceth in outward sign
That imageth pledges of love divine,
And trusteth that prayer shall receive the meed
Of holy parent, a holy seed.
She had learn'd her love at love's own mart,
Where God hath planted a mother's heart;
Yet she loves the more, if more may be,
When she thrills at the laver's mystery;
For there doth she learn that her sin-born child
Was unmeet for the realms of the undefiled ;
And there doth she hear of the Victim slain
To blot out the guilt of mortal stain;
And there doth the lucid font display
The grace that cleanseth that guilt away ;
And the vow is plighted that makes him free,
Yet binds him in blest captivity,
Christ's servant and soldier for ever to be.
Then Faith embraceth the things above,
And Hope unfoldeth fair visions of love,
And gloweth her soul while she meekly prays,
That her child may gladden her mortal days;
And, stemm'd the waves of this troublous time,
Be with her for ever in brighter clime.

She had loved him early, she loves him long,
And fond are her hopes as her love is strong ;

. From the Rey. S. C. Wilks's Rosebuds Rescued.

Miscellaneous. Domestic CHAPLAINS.— They are not to be oversubmissive and base, but to keep up with the lord and lady of the house, and to preserve a boldness with them, and all, even so far as reproof to their very face when occasion calls; but seasonably and discreetly. They who do not thus, while they remember their earthly lord, do much forget their heavenly; they wrong the priesthood, neglect their duty, and shall be so far from that which they seek, with their over-submissiveness and cringings, that they shall ever be despised.—Herbert.

FAMILY CONVENTS IN Hanover. - There are in Hanover eleven Protestant convents, where young ladies may retire who have survived the bloom of youth, and have arrived at single blessedness, and may pass down the stream of time, in each other's society, in uninterrupted tranquillity. Each of these institutions is under the direction of an elderly lady, corresponding, in some degree, with the abbess of Catholic convents. The young ladies receive annually from two to three hundred rix-dollars, with which they are enabled to live genteelly. The restraints of the institution are not severe. They receive visits from their friends, usually in the presence of the governess, though that is not required, or has been for a short time only. It is not necessary to reside here constantly; a few weeks of each year being sufficient to entitle them to the pension. Some of them accordingly pass most of their time with their friends, and whenever they are thrown out upon the world by the dissolution of their families, they have a refuge to which they can retire, without experiencing those mortifications which are so frequently attendant upon adversity. These asylums are under the direction of government, to which parents, wishing to procure such places for their children, apply. It requires some inHuence at court to obtain them, as the number of applicants is much greater than that of vacancies. Parents not unfrequently solicit them while children are quite young, and some of them receive the promise of them even from the cradle, although, I believe, they do not enjoy the emolument until they approach the shady side of twenty, unless they reside in the convent at least a part of the time. - Dwight's Travels in Germany.

The information desired by Clericus, of November, will be obtained, if possible, and appear in the Supplement for the month. We beg to say, that a dozen correspondents adopt that signature.

We thank G. B.
We agree with the remarks on the Canadian Church.

LONDON :-Published by JAMES BURNS, 17 Portman Street, Portman Square; W. EDWARDS, 12 Ave-Maria Lane, St. Paul's; and to be procured, by order, of all Booksellers in Town and Country.

PRINTED BY ROBSON, LEVEY, AND FRANKLYN, 46 ST. MARTIN'S LANE.

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Sabbath, can have no real desire for the SUNDAY TRAVELLING.

glory of God, for his own spiritual welfare, THERE are few ways in which the sanctity of or the good of his fellow-creatures. His the Sabbath is more frequently encroached view of the requirements of the moral law on, more especially by those in the upper must be radically defective. He can have walks of life, than by unnecessary travelling, no desire for the glory of God; because he whether by land or water. Cases there are, breaks one of God's express commandments, doubtless, where travelling may fairly be “ Remember the Sabbath day to keep it regarded as a work of necessity, or even of holy”-a commandment, be it remembered, mercy, as in the sickness of others : but these as binding as any other in the decalogue; form the exception. Persons who reside in not abolished under the Christian dispensaor near the metropolis, more especially the sation, as it has sometimes been maintained, latter, cannot but be aware of the nuisance of but to be obeyed in the strictest sense; and what are termed short stages, many of which every man who wilfully transgresses in this run a greater number of times on Sunday point, testifies that he has cast off allegiance than on other days of the week, notun- to his Sovereign Creator; that he ridicules frequently filled with the most dissipated by his actions, whatever he may do by his characters, who swarm in the country villages, words, the sacred institutions of the Divine and are a complete moral pest. The same appointments, and cares not how much he holds good with respect to steam-boats on may lower them in the estimation of others. the river, the proprietors of which put forth If every action that is performed by us is to every inducement for “ Sunday excursions." | have reference to the glory of the Creator, By means of long stages, an immense traffic -and such is the injunction of the apostle, is carried on throughout the country on this surely it needs no argument to prove, that holy day, although many proprietors have the wilful transgressor of God's appointed now ceased to allow their coaches to run. institutions is verily guilty in pursuing a line While those who employ post-horses too of conduct, the direct tendency of which is often select it for their journeys, because it to detract from that glory. is one on which no public business can lc- He can have no real desire for his own gally be transacted, or because they are glad spiritual welfare ; for he places himself under to get rid of its “ weariness;" for a weary circumstances the least likely to induce seriday the Sabbath is, except it be spent in ous reflection, and solemn self-examination. business or amusement, to the man who has He absents himself from those means of no taste for spiritual enjoyments.

grace, attendance on which, in a humble and As far as the individual who travels is prayerful spirit, cannot fail to become inconcerned, it is obvious that he breaks a strumental to his soul's good.

By the very positive injunction of the Almighty. And disobedience which he testifies, he exposes nothing can be more certain, than that he himself to the Divine displeasure; and that who feels no scruple in thus desecrating the displeasure cannot be more awfully felt, than

VOL. II. —NO, XXXy.

D

as

no

by the withdrawal of the light of God's coun- , ministry. For several years I had the charge tenance. The Sabbath was made for man of a parish in which there was a large inn not merely for the rest of his body, but for (situated close to the church), where persons the refreshment of his soul; not merely that travelling to Newmarket usually stop for he might relax from attention to worldly their last change of horses. The line of business, studies, labour, or employments, but towns and villages between London and that that he might have time for serious reflection. place is kept in a state of continued noise Religion, indeed, is not to be regarded, as and bustle during the whole of the Sundays it too often is, as something that is to be which precede the Newmarket meetings. ... attended to on the Sabbath alone. It is to More than forty pair of horses have somebe thought of every day. It is to be an times been changed there on Easter-day; a habitual inward principle, sanctifying the great proportion of them while I was celesoul, and regulating the conduct. Still, there brating divine service. Not only all the are certain religious observances more pecu- servants and dependents of the inn, but a liarly appropriate to the Sabbath, and which great number of the young men of the parish are to be viewed as so many important pri- were taken away from their own Sabbath vileges to be improved, so many means of duties, to assist in this flagrant violation of grace to be accounted for.

them by others; not to mention that hunHe can have no desire for the good dreds were engaged in observing their betof his fellow-creatures ; for he causes others, ters thus ostentatiously setting at nought the

well as himself, to transgress God's ordinances of religion ; some urging with command, and prevents their attendance bribes, and others with execrations, the drivto their spiritual concerns. The writer ers of those poor jaded animals, for whom of these few remarks had occasion, some the merciful provision of a Sabbath seemed time ago, to officiate in the church of almost to have been made in vain."* a friend, the minister of a parish at It may be said, perhaps, that this was an great distance from the metropolis,--one of extreme case that the nuisance complained the most noted stages on one of the great of only occurred on certain Sundays in the roads. On returning from divine service, year ; but, assuredly, scenes by no means it was necessary to pass two or three large dissimilar present themselves in many of the inns, at the doors of which were standing stages near London in the summer months ; coaches laden with passengers, and several and what his lordship had to complain of in chariots waiting for post-horses. The con- his own parish, is a matter of serious annoyversation naturally led to the demoralising ance to not a few clergymen who officiate in effects of Sunday travelling ; and the picture his lordship's diocese. drawn of its consequences in that parish by Perhaps these remarks may meet the eye the minister was appalling in the extreme. of some one who has not viewed this subVery many of his parishioners, he said, were ject in its true colours; who not only has entirely excluded from attendance to divine felt no scruple in travelling on the Lord's service. Sunday, in fact, was the busiest day, but usually selects the day for the very day at the inns. Landlords, waiters, post-purpose ; and who, if he travels by a public boys, hostlers, were all involved in the same conveyance, satisfies himself by the reflecfearful desecration, and, as a natural conse- tion, that the vehicle will travel whether he quence, ignorance and irreligion luxuriated goes by it or not. But surely this is a in the parish. The number of private car- wretched mode of quieting the conscience. riages that changed horses on the Sunday I would remind the Sunday traveller, that was almost incredible; and the minister stated the question is simply this, Has God required it to be his firm conviction, that until some the Sabbath to be hallowed, or has he not? legislative enactments were made, nothing No sane man can presume to doubt what the could check the growing evil. All his efforts answer to such a question should be; and it to ameliorate the spiritual condition of his is imperatively binding upon every man to people were, in fact, entirely nullified by endeavour to obey God's commandments in this crying evil.

their widest and most unlimited extent. But the evils of Sunday travelling have

M. been thus well described by the present

• A Letter on the present Neglect of the Lord's Day, addressed Bishop of London in his “Letter on the to the inhabitants of London and Westminster, by C. J. Blompresent neglect of the Lord's day.” “Of the field, D.D. bishop of London. 1830. evils which result from the example of the higher orders in this peculiar mode of profaning the Christian Sabbath, I speak feelingly, under a recollection of the obstacles which it once threw in the way of my own

66

city, and sealed their belief in the doctrines of the ASIATIC CHURCHES.-(IV.)

Gospel by their blood.

So far the picture is bright; so far there was much Pergumos.

to commend in the state of the Church of Pergamos; "And to the angel of the Church in Pergamos write; These things but still it was not faultless ; for there were among them saith he which hath the sharp sword with two edges; I know

that held the doctrine of Balaam. St. Peter (2 Epist. thy works, and where thou dwellest, even where Satan's seat is: and thou holdest fast my name, and hast not denied my

ii. 15, 16), foretelling the springing up of false teachfaith, even in those days wherein Antipas was my faithful ers, who should disturb the peace and unity of the martyr, who was slain among you, where Satan dwelleth. Church, and bring in abominable heresies, speaks of But I have a few things against thee, because thou last there

them as “those which have forsaken the right way, them that hold the doctrine of Balaam, who taught Balac to

and are gone astray, following the way of Balaam, the cast a stumblingblock before the children of Israel, to eat things sacrificed unto idols, and to commit fornication. So son of Bosor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness; hast thou also them that hold the doctrine of the Nicolai- and St. Jude (ver. 11) describes such persons as those tanes, which thing I hate. Repent; or else I will come unto who have gone in the way of Cain, and run greedily thee quickly, and will fight against them with the sword of

after the error of Balaam for reward." It is obvious my mouth. He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the Churches: To him that overcometh will that this description is intended to imply that there I give to eat of the hidden mama, and will give him a white were some even of the professing Christians of Perstone, and in the stone a new name written, which no man

gamos who had thrown aside the wholesome restraints knoweth saving he that receiveth it."-Rev. ii. 12-17.

of the Gospel -- who had indulged in the same vices Pergamos is situated on the right bank of the river which were so shamelessly practised by the heathen. Caicus, about sixty miles to the north of Smyrna, and The corrupt doctrines and practices of the Nicolaitanes, contiguous to the sea. It was the ancient metropolis already referred to as disgracing some of the conof a powerful and independent kingdom ; a seat of verts at Ephesus, had here also their adherents. The oriental learning, as well as an early and impressive state of the heathen world was indeed deplorable, and scene of Christian triumph. The advantages of its Pergamos appears to have been sunk in the lowest situation, at the foot of an elevated hill, commanding depths of moral degradation. The inconsistent proan extensive plain, rendered it a most important fessors of Christianity should have been excommustronghold ; and, owing to the genius of its inhabit. nicated. Their bearing the Christian name, while ants, it became a splendid metropolis under the Atta- they disgraced the Christian character, had a natural lian kings. The Egyptian monarchs, jealous of the

tendency to bring the religion of the Saviour into disincreasing fame of Pergamos as a place of learning, repute. They ought, therefore, to have been cut off prohibited the exportation of the papyrus, which was from the body of believers, who should have protested commonly used for writing; and this gave rise to the against their inconsistency. manufacture of parchment, with which the people of The call to repentance was here made by the Pergamos began to make their books. A magnificent Saviour; with the assurance, that if not listened to library was here formed, which was afterwards trans- and laid to heart, inevitable destruction would ensue. ported by Cleopatra, and added to that of Alexandria. How gracious are the calls of a long-suffering God!

Pergamos is not mentioned in the Acts of the How compassionately does he expostulate with the Apostles; and there is no authentic record as to the sinner! " Come now, and let us reason together, period when Christianity was introduced into that saith the Lord; though your sins be as scarlet, they city. It is obvious, however, that when this epistle shall be white as snow; though they be red like was addressed to the Christian Church, its members crimson, they shall be as wool." Jesus is exalted a had boldly testified their adherence to the faith of the Prince and a Saviour to grant repentance and remisGospel.

sion of sins. The Almighty Saviour is here represented as

The address concludes with the most gracious prowhich hath the sharp sword with two edges," or, as it mises “ to him that overcometh.” First, he is told, is elsewhere said, “ out of whose mouth went a sharp that he shall eat of the hidden manna, namely, those two-edged sword,” ready to destroy his enemies. His rich spiritual consolations which are the result of a language is that of commendation, not unmingled, how- living faith in that Saviour, who speaks of himself as ever, with reproof. “I know thy works, and where the bread of life," " the living bread,” of which, if thou dwellest." He commends their piety, stedfast- a man eat, he shall live for ever. Moses commanded ness, and zeal – all which had been testified in a Aaron to fill a vessel with the manna which had been situation and under circumstances of peculiar diffi- so graciously provided for the sustenance of the Isculty. Pergamos is here spoken of as the very seat raelites, and to lay it up in the tabernacle as a perof Satan," the prince of the power of the air, the petual memorial of the goodness of God. This manna spirit which now worketh in the children of disobe- was accordingly placed in the ark of the covenant, in dience.” Here he exercised a fearful dominion over the most holy place, where it remained secret, as none the souls of his wretched captives, giving them up to entered that place but the high priest, once a year. strong delusion, that they should believe a lie. And Reference is unquestionably here made to this circumthe enmity against the Gospel was so great, that An- stance. Another gift to be bestowed is a white stone. tipas, styled by the Saviour “ my faithful martyr," This refers to the custom of the ancients in their suffered for the truth. We have no certain account courts of judicature, in which the judges used to anconcerning this individual ; and although he alone is nounce their decisions by pebbles, the white denoting mentioned by way of eminence, it is more than pro- that the prisoner was absolved from the charge brought bable that others witnessed a good confession in this a rainst him, the black that his guilt was fully esta

“ He

blished. On this white stone a new name was to be have increased considerably since the time of Smith written, declaring his adoption into the family of God;

and Rycaut. The former says, the state of the Chrisand it is further added, that no man knoweth this

tians here is very sad and deplorable, there being not name save he that receiveth it-testifying that religion above fifteen families of them; their chief employment is a matter of private personal concern. He who is

is gardening, by which they make a shift to get a little refreshed by the bread of heaven feels the refresh

money to pay their harache, and satisfy the demands of ment in his own soul, of which the world knows

their cruel and greedy oppressors, and maintain a sad nothing; it is therefore hidden manna on which he miserable life.” Rycaut's observation applies perhaps feeds. He who is adopted into the heavenly family more properly to the Turkish population. “ Whereas, has the witness in himself; the Spirit also bearing

about ten years past, there were fifty-three streets of witness with his spirit, that he is a child of God. The this town inhabited, there are now only twenty-two blessings of pardon, adoption, and grace, are here frequented; the others are deserted, and their buildpromised to the conquering Christian. They are all

ings go to ruin. The present population is, I think, comprehended in the gracious assurance vouchsafed underrated at fifteen thousand ; of which fifteen hunto the faithful at Pergamos.

dred are Greeks, two hundred Armenians, who have The Church of Pergamos continued for several a church, and about a hundred Jews, with a synacenturies to send a bishop to the councils of the

gogue." Church ; but, by degrees, we lose all trace of its spi- The Christians in Pergamos, says Mr. Milner, "are ritual condition.

under the jurisdiction of the Bishop of Elaia, who is The modern city, which occupies the place where

suffragan of the Bishop of Ephesus. The resident Pergamos stood, is called Bergamo; amidst which

clergy are poor and ignorant, and Christianity exists many ruins are discoverable of the ancient grandeur

in name and profession rather than in spirit and pracof the place. Among the remains of Christian anti

tice. The Greeks hold that baptism has not been quity which still exist, the ruins of a church of the Agios properly administered unless the person has been imTheologos, or St. John, are pointed out, supposed to mersed three times, once in the name of the Father, have been one of the erections of the Emperor Theo

a second time in the name of the Son, and a third time dosius. To this the Greeks still occasionally repair in the name of the Holy Ghost. We take our leave for worship, and some paltry figures of saints are

of Pergamos," he continues, " with mournful feelings ; hung up in it. There is another ancient church on

its literature, arts, and religion, have alike disapthe banks of the Selinus, called Sancta Sophia, but

peared ; and under the dominion of a false creed and now used by the Turks as a mosque.

Tradition re- a corrupt faith, it is now a scene of spiritual blindness gards this as the identical church wherein the first

and mental degradation. When it shall shake off the Christians of Pergamos assembled for worship. The

fetters of superstitious observance, and the truth resupposed tomb of the “ faithful martyr Antipas” used gain its ancient influence, and the preserved remnant to be shewn in it. Mr. Arundel thus speaks of Per- be delivered from the bondage of the Ottoman and gamos :--" At twelve o'clock the grand plain of Per- the yoke of antichristian apostacy, is a problem for the gamos was in full view before us.

At a quarter past future to solve." one, the river Aksou (Caicus) was again by our road The Christian's lot is often cast in a soil peculiarly on the right, and in the front distance rose the ma- unfavourable for the cultivation of holy feelings and jestic Acropolis. The country, before entering the devout affections. He lives in a world where the town, was of an unpromising aspect, rocky, and bare power of Satan is still fearfully predominant. “ His of trees, and in the winter must be

very

desolate... visible kingdom may be said to exist wherever the true On entering the town, now nearly dark, I was struck God is not recognised, wherever falsehood and superby some enormously high masses of walls on the left, stition are established, and wherever the pollution and strongly contrasted with the diminutive houses be- misery which flow from their dominion deform and neath and around them. I heard subsequently that defile the face of society. His invisible kingdom may they are the remains of the church of the Agios be said to exist in those countries or hearts in which, Theologos." “On the following day,” continues Mr. whatever be the outward profession of faith, the mind Arundel, “ I accompanied a Greek priest to his is subjected to the dominion of falsehood, lust, and church, the only church at present in Pergamos; it cruelty, and is habitually conformed to the law of sin, lies on the ascent of the castle hill, and is a poor shed instead of to the law of God.”+ coverea with earth. Though the sun was blazing in full

The Christian has need of continual prayer, earnest splendour on all the scene without, this poor church diligence, and unceasing watchfulness, lest, like those was so dark within, that even with the aid of a glimmer- of the professors of Pergamos, he should be drawn ing lamp, I could not distinctly see the figures on the away by his own lusts and enticed. Persecution often

On one side of it another priest kept a little besets him, not, indeed, accompanied with the horrors school of thirty scholars. I gave him a Testament. of the dungeon or the stake, but of a character suffiThe contrast between the magnificent remains of the cient, in too many cases, to induce him not to advance church of St. John, which lay beneath, and this, its boldly on the Christian road. Tribulation is frepoor representative, is as striking as between the poverty of the present state of religion among the • Dr. Smith was chaplain at Constantinople. He set out from modern Greeks, and the rich abundance of Gospel Smyrna on his journey to the other Churches on the 3d of April,

1671. light that once shone within the walls of the Agios

Sir Paul Rycaut, consul at Smyrna, visited them in Theologos."

accompanied by Dr. Luke, chaplain to the embassy. “ The Christian population of Pergamos scems to | Rev. J. W. Cunningham.

screen.

1678,

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