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of God, and the communion of the Holy | cal interpretations of the divine word corrupt Ghost?" It will run thus : "The grace of the purity of your faith, nor any pretences to our Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, superior subtlety of reasoning shake your and the communion of God the Father.” stedfastness : but may you constantly adhere And the command of Christ will be, " Baptise to these adorable mysteries, which He has in all nations in the name of the Father, and of wisdom and mercy to our souls revealed rethe Son, and of the Father.” Another pas- specting himself: and may you submit your sage will be, “ Our Lord Jesus Christ, who, reason to the obedience of faith, that so, being through the eternal Father, offered himself preserved from all damnable and ruinous hewithout spot to the Father.” Another pas- resies, you may escape the spiritual deadness sage will run thus : “ The Father searcheth which attends them in this world, and the all things, yea the deep things of the Father.” | dreadful results which attend all rebellion
Again, supposing the Holy Spirit to be a against God in the next. virtue, essence, or endowment, will these passages just recited be one iota more intelli
LITURGICAL HINTS.-No. XXVI. gible by such a conversion of terms? The
“ Understandest thou what thou readest?"-Acts, viii. 30. sanctification of the elect people of God
TRINITY SUNDAY, is ascribed to the Spirit of holiness. But can a created thing be the giver and fountain of “ The solemn festivals which in the foregoing parts of divine grace, become a universal soul to every
our annual service have propounded to our considera
tion the mysterious work of man's redemption, and sincere member of the Christian Church ?
the several steps taken to accomplish it, naturally lead Can it know our thoughts, allay our passions, us up to, and at last conclude with, that of the present inspire us with holy affections ?
Can it re- day. The incarnation and nativity, the passion and
resurrection of the blessed Jesus, demonstrate how create man, and bestow gifts to every man
great things the Son of God hath condescended to do severally as it will ? Has it
The miraculous powers with which the first Finally, my brethren, let us take warning disciples were endued, and the sanctifying graces with from the religious fate of those who have re- which all the faithful are assisted, do prove how great, jected this tenet of the Church universal. It and how nccessary a part the Holy Spirit bore in this is no trifling matter to introduce our options, and for rendering it effectual. And all agree in repre
work, both for publishing the salvation of the world, and wishes, and rash determinations into the senting to us the inestimable love of the Father' by discharge of the duty we owe towards God. whom that 'Son’ was sent, and that 'Spirit' so wonHe has granted us light enough, if we will derfully and so plentitully shed abroad. Most justly,
therefore, after such informations how fit a subject but follow it, to worship all that is God, all
this is for our wonder and adoration, does the Church that demands our worship-demands what if to-day call upon us to celebrate the mystery of those we withhold, we do so on peril of eternal • three' Persons in the unity of the Godhead, each of damnation. Our own scriptural and apos
whom hath so kindly and so largely contributed to this tolic Church teaches us to own God the
united and stupendous act of mercy, upon which the
whole of all our hopes and happiness depends."* Father, who hath made us and all the world; This Collect is no older than the Sacramentary God the Son, who has redeemed all mankind; ascribed to Alcuinus. The old offices have another
collect for it, and call it the Octave of Pentecost. It and, 3dly, God the Holy Ghost, who sanctifies all the elect people of God. And what
stands thus in the original Latin form : “Almighty,
everlasting God, who hast given unto thy servants, by is the consequence? Read attentively through the confession of a true faith, to acknowledge the glory her Liturgy, and remark how consistent is of the eternal Trinity, and in the power of Majesty to her language with that of the Scripture which worship the Unity; we beseech thee that, in the siedis scattered throughout it. Look again to
fastness of the same faith, we may ever be defended
from all adversities; through our Lord.” those who uphold other notions derogatory
“ The present collect declares that the confession of of the worship due to the Redeemer and a true faith is this : to acknowledge the glory of the the Sanctifier of man. How jejunely, how eternal Trinity; and, in the power of the Divine masparingly do they insist on the doctrine of jesty, to worship the Unity.”And faith in this doc
trine is not only reusonable, but is very properly degrace, and of the invisible workings of the
clared by our Church to be necessary.
- not because it Holy Spirit! How do they treat with cold is the faith of her followers, or a faith resting upon neglect the doctrine so consolatory to the human authority--but because the doctrine is of God,
and faith in it is taught and insisted upon by the word broken and penitent heart, that of a full and
of God-by that very Gospel in which every Christian all-abundant expiation in the blood of the in
professes himself a believer. carnate God for the guilt of every sinner, Faith in the doctrine of a Trinity in Unity is reayea, though ten thousand worlds had united sonable. We believe many things which we neither in revolt against their universal Lord!
understand nor comprehend ; our care is that those
who inform us are worthy of belief. We ground May, then, the Eternal Spirit, the fountain
the reasonableness of faith on the credibility of testiof all grace, keep you, beloved brethren, mony. If we believe the witnesses, we believe the stedfast in the true faith and allegiance due fact. This happens to us every day in our transacto God, nor suffer you to be tossed about tions withi each other. In matters in which we are with every wind of doctrine! Let no hereti
• Dean Stanhope.
+ James on the Collects.
CHURCH OF ENGLAND MAGAZINE.
ourselves ignorant, we believe the philosopher, the baffle and confound our reason ; who then shall won. traveller, the physician, and others who may have der if we grasp in vain at the knowledge of heavenly either the skill, or the knowledge, or the experience things? Yet is our faith perfectly consistent with the we need, provided only that they be morally worthy of free exercise of our reason. Nay, what were more credit. Nay, it is thus that we believe even in our unreasonable than not to have faith in a doctrine to the own existence. Our soul, and body, and life, are in truth of which the Almighty hath by his word been one frame; and we have no hesitation in receiving this pleased to bear testimony ? mystery, because we have the credible testimony of Our faith in the doctrine of Trinity in Unity thus our reason and our senses that we do so exist.
established, is not a barren but a lively faith, prostand over a sleeping fellow-creature, and behold him ductive of peace and joy. In peace we trust the wel. breathing, we are convinced that there is a body and a fare of our souls to this our God, and rejoice in the life; but by the unconsciousness of the person to our strength of our salvation. The Father, who wills our presence, we are also convinced that the soul, that salvation, is God, Almighty. The Son, who died to do spring of action, speech, and thought, is distinct from his Father's will, is able to do it, because he also is body and from life. When to sleep succeeds death, God, Almighty. The Holy Ghost, who was sent from and we contemplate the dead, we perceive that not heaven to complete our salvation, is equal to the work, only the light of the mind is removed, but the light of for he likewise is God, Almighty. Yet, not three Gods the body also, and nothing remains but the frame but one God; and having one object, the recovery of equally unconscious and inanimate. Yet in a living, fallen man to his inheritance in heaven. rational man, we see the three united, body, life, and Such being the Christian's faith, such its blessings, soul; and we believe in the union, because we believe we beseech thee, O Father, that thou wouldest keep the testimony of our reason and senses, which are wit- us stedfast in this faith, and evermore defend us from nesses to the fact. But if faith in any thing incom- all adversities; who livest and reignest, one God, prehensible be reasonable, when supported by the world without end. Amen." testimony of men, faith in the Trinity must be not Instead of the Epistle, is appointed to be read, from only reasonable but necessary, when supported by the the book of Revelations, the vision of heaven, as disgreater testimony of the word of God.
covered to the evangelist John (Rev. iv). We have At the baptism of our blessed Saviour we have the
an account (1-7) of the heavenly sights which he sair. three Persons distinctly marked out, and engaged at the “ After this,” says the apostle, “ I looked, and behold a same time each in his peculiar office. Jesus is bap- door was opened in heaven; and the first voice which tised, the Spirit descends visibly upon him, and the I heard was as it were of a trumpet talking with me," Father, by an approving voice from heaven, declares
and calling me up into heaven to have a sight there of his gracious presence. It is impossible for a distinc
the things which were to be hereafter. The apostle tion of Persons to be more plainly set forth. These further tells us that, to prepare for this vision, he was three Persons are each God. That the Father is God
in the Spirit,—that is, in a rapture ; whether in or out we have only to consider him as the Creator and Pre
of the body we know not, and perhaps he knew not. server of this earth and the worlds around it. He The vision which he saw was a throne set in heaven, must be head over all from the beginning : “ Ye are and a glorious One on that throne, and that was God, my witnesses," saith the Lord to Jacob and Israel,
whose countenance was so unlike any human features, “ that I am God" (Is. xliii. 12). The Son is also God :
that the apostle can only describe it as transcendently St. John, speaking of him as “the Word," affirms ex- bright; and he likens it to the vivid colours of the pressly, " the Word was God.” And his miracles jasper and the sardine-stone. To allay the terror of which he did from the day when he turned water into this vision, St. John saw “ a rainbow round about the wine, to the hour when, after raising himself from the throne, in sight like unto an emerald," which was dead, he ascended into heaven by the exercise of his comforting to him, the rainbow being the token of the own will, all prove him to have been “
covenant made by God of old (Gen. ix.), that he would prove that his own assertion was founded upon eternal
never more drown the world by water. In this vision truth, “ I and my Father are one.” So, likewise, the it denoted the covenant of promise which God has Holy Ghost is God. When Peter charged Ananias made with Christ, as the Head of the Church, and all and Sapphira with the guilt of falsehood, le at once his people in him, which covenant is as the waters of reminded them that, as they had lied to the Holy Noah unto God, an everlasting covenant, ordered in Ghost, they had “ lied not unto men, but unto God."
all things and sure. This rainbow was the token of Yet God is one. “ Before me," saith Jehovah, his assurance that, for his covenant's sake, the food's " there was no God formed, neither shall there be
of his wrath shall not overwhelm his children, when after me. I, even I, am the Lord, and beside me there
his enemies are swept away with the deluge of destrucis no Saviour" (Is. xliii. 10, 11). Thus great is the tion. St. John saw " four and twenty elders” (repremystery of godliness. As a mystery, it were vain in
senting, probably, the whole Church of God, Jewish man to pretend an explanation of it. But, since we
and Christian) “ sitting round the throne," denoting reasonably believe many things which are beyond our their settled condition and nearness to God; "clothed comprehension, when we have credible testimony to in white raiment,” as priests unto God; and having their truth, it is but reasonable to believe what the
crowns of gold on their heads, as reigning gloriously holy Scriptures testify. We believe, upon the testi- with Christ. He perceived " lightnings and voices mony of our reason and senses, both our own existence
proceed out of the throne," that is, the awful announceand the existence of the natural world around us,
ment God makes to his Church of his sovereign will though we are unable to comprehend even the earing and pleasure: he saw " seven lamps of fire burning of the corn for our food, or the budding of a flower, or before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God," the opening of a leaf, or the springing up of a blade
the various operations of the Spirit upon the Church. of grass we tread upon. The glorious sun in the fir- “ Before the throne there was a sea of glass like unto mament is to us a mystery. But where is the man
crystal,” which seems to mean the laver of purificawho will refuse to warm himself by its rays, or guide tion of Christ's blood, in allusion to that brazen sea himself by its light, because his reason is not able to
(or large vessel) in which Aaron and his sons washed comprehend how that light and warmth lighten his
when they ministered before the Lord. St. John saw path or gladden him ? We therefore reasonably be- also “ four animals," or living creatures, between the lieve, though we cannot comprehend, the doctrine of thirone and the circle of elders; whicii animals were our collect. The Almighty is past finding out in his like a lion, an ox, a man, and a flying eagle, denoting works of nature and providence; who shall expect to search him out in his works of grace ? Earthly things
respectively the courage, the labour, the prudence, and the elevated character of the true ministers of Christ.
The evangelist describes (v. 8 to the end) the always agreed in this great truth. I acknowledge it, heavenly songs which he heard. It is this part of the therefore, to be “ very meet, right, and our bounden vision which has caused it to be selected by the Church
duty, that we should at all times, and in all places, on Trinity Sunday, because the song which John heard was an adoration of one God, the one only, the give thanks unto thee, O Lord Almighty, everlasting Lord God Almighty ;” and yet, in this one God, they God; who art one God, one Lord; not one only Peradore three Holies, the Holy Father, the Holy Son, son, but three Persons in one substance. For that and the Holy Spirit,—these three being one infinitely which we believe of the glory of the Father, the same holy and eternal Being, who sits upon the throne,
we believe of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, without "and lives for ever and ever.” With the adorations of these animals were joined those of the four and
any difference or inequality." And I am the more twenty elders, — ministers leading and people follow
confirmed in this truth, because I learn by it to woring in the praises of God. They “fell down," dis- ship with a regular devotion. For I am thus taught covering the most profound reverence, “ casting their to pray to the Father in the name of the Son, through crowns before the throne,” attributing their victory the assistance of the Holy Ghost; and as long as I and reward to God's grace, and renouncing all merit in themselves; and singing jointly a thanksgiving
live will I praise thee, O God, and magnify thee in hymn to God, in which they acknowledge that he is
this manner. More particularly at this holy feast will worthy to receive glory, because he is the Creator of | I bless thee for so excellent a revelation, since this all things-the first cause ; the Preserver of all things ordinance itself contains many things above my under-and the final cause of all things, for whose pleasure standing, and is all mystery. The Trinity is the they exist, and whose glory they shall subserve. The Gospel (John, iii. 1-15) is a part of Christ's in
article, and this sacrament the rite, which do distinterview with Nicodemus. It would seem that this pas- guish thy true religion from all the sects in the world. sage of Scripture was selected by the Church" for Wherefore, by observing this rite, I do embrace this Trinity Sunday, because it contains a mention of God faith ; and as often as I partake of these sacred mysthe Father as a distinct Person (ver. 2): “No man can do those miracles that thou doest except God be with
teries, I do, in effect, avow my determination to live him :" a mention of God the Son, who declares him
and die in this faith, resolving never to have any other self to have come down from heaven, and even to be
Lord. And when I find the Father giving, the Son in heaven at the very time when he was talking with given, and the Holy Ghost dispensing that gift unto Nicodemus on earth : “ No man hath ascended up to my soul, in this sacred communion, it shall be a heaven but he that came down from heaven, even the
greater confirmation to my faith in this Divine mysSon of man, which is in heaven" (ver. 13): and a mention of God the Holy Ghost (ver. 5-7), whose
tery than can be acquired from the most curious operation is seen in effecting “ the new birth unto
search into it. I desire, Lord, that my reason may righteousness." We have thus the express mention submit to thy word; and I will be content to stay for of three separate agents.
a full apprehension of this sublime truth, till I am This passage of holy writ may probably have been
advanced to a state of angelic perfection, and come to appointed for Trinity Sunday with a reference also to
behold the glories of the triune God. Till then I verse twelve, where our Lord speaks of the heavenly nature of the truths he taught, as a reason why we
will bless thee for what I know, believe more than I should not reject, but rather admire them. If "hea- can perceive, and deem it my highest privilege to Venly,” then are they sublime ; out of the road of the join with the heavenly choir in acknowledging the inquiries of human reason, and much more out of the reach of its discoveries. "Christ had told Nicodemus glory of the eternal Trinity, and in worshipping thy earthly things;" he had told him the great things of divine Majesty. “ Therefore with angels and archGod in similitudes taken from earthly things, to make angels,” &c. them more intelligible ; but he had not comprehended them. How then would his doctrine be understood if he should use abstract terms, describing divine mys
The Cabinet. teries, not by simplifying comparisons, but as they really are ? Let this argument of our Lord render us BEGINNINGS OF SIN.-We should take care of the humble in receiving the communications of the deep beginnings of sin. Nobody is exceedingly wicked all things of God, among which is the truth of a " Trinity at once: the devil is too cunning to startlè men with in Unity."
temptations to great and frightful crimes at first.Bishop Wilson.
Pride.-How cunningly doth the prince of darkA MEDITATION FOR THE COMMUNION ON ness take on him the form of an angel of light! How TRINITY SUNDAY.*
often have seeming saints proved devils ! even in O ADMirable mystery, to be adored in the profound shew of living most free from ; some more proud of
those things (lightly) most faulty, which they make a est silence; by the contemplation whereof, when I am being thought plain, than a flaunting gallant in his struck with amazement, I can learn humility, and dis- new fashion. Others refusing a deserved commendacover my own ignorance. And I have the opportunity tion, only with a desire to be commended for refusing of exercising a nobler faith than if I could comprehend it; the one hating pride with a more proud hatred,
the other shunning praise with a greater vain-glory. it with my shallow reasonings and imperfect demon
It is bad to have vices, worse to dissemble them. strations. The Trinity in Unity, and the Unity in Plato possessed his rich bed with less pride than DioTrinity, hath been derided by the heathens, and made genes trampled on it.-Warwick. the subject of doubtful and perplexing disputations by FEAR.—There is a virtuous fear, which is the effect all kinds of heretics. But it sufficeth me, that it is of faith ; and there is a vicious fear, which is the proplainly revealed in Scripture, and that the holy catho- duct of doubt. The former leads to hope, as relying lic Church, divided in too many other things, hath
on God, in whom we believe : the latter inclines to
despair, as not relying on God, in whom we do not • From Dean Comber,
believe. Persons of the one character fear to lose
God; persons of the other character fear to find him. -Pascal.
SPIRITUAL GROWTH. — As the new-born child has in it every lineament of the future man, which yet must wait for time to mature it; so, in the new-born soul exists every vital and essential principle of future perfection, which yet must wait to be brought unto is the fulness of the stature of a man in Christ Jesus.” The seed contains in embryo, and the open plant in miniature, every part of the future tree. It reaches its maturity, not as the first trees, which shaded the earth with their sudden luxuriance by miracle, but by natural growth. Grace is the seed of eternal life sown in the regenerate soul. It lies not there in a dormant state ; it lives; it grows; it increases.
We are to “ grow in grace."-Rev. J. East.
No more as erst on Sinai's steep,
While Israel's thousands trembled round, With voice of thunderings, loud and deep,
Jehovah kept the holy ground, O'er Carmel's height no tempest lours,
Provoking Cedron's waves below; No sound is heard from Sion's towers,
But quiet Jordan's gentle flow. Hark! mid the parting clouds above,
What notes salute the shepherd's ear, More sweet than woman's utter'd love,
Than childhood's earliest voice more dear! Glory to God-to man good-will
To earth and earth-born creatures rest, The Virgin-mother's fears are still,
The Saviour hangs on Mary's breast. Bermuda, 1836.
For the Church of England Magazine.
THE PROGRESS OF PROPHECY TO THE
BIRTH OF CHRIST.
BY ARCHDEACON SPENCER.
When clouds around the heathen lour'u,
And darkly spread the pagan gloom, When reason's self, by doubts o'erpower'd,
Saw with revolted eyes the tomb; When Hope, that through the misty day
Had shed a dim, precarious light, By death appall’d, withdrew her ray,
Nor dared to pierce the shades of night: Then, on the horizon's utmost verge,
One trembling twilight-beam appear'd, As doubting whether to emerge
On erring realms by hope uncheer'd ; But, ere the anxious hour was past,
Still large and larger peer'd its formA bright determin’d radiance cast,
And smil'd through many a day of storm. O'er Egypt's land, and Edom's sea,
Expansive grew the light we bless; Till ransom'd Israel bowed the knee
In Jordan's travers'd wilderness. They saw the orient gates unclose,
And, in those morning splendours clad, " The desert blossom like the rose
The solitary place made glad.”
To David's throne extend the song -
To thee its loftiest notes belong. Bright are the gems of Judah's crown ;
But brighter to her monarch's eyes Is seen, o'er Bethlehem's lowly town,
The Gentiles' herald-star arise. Away with doubt, with dread away!
Though dark and long the weary night, Joy mounts upon the morning's ray,
And clouds and vapours smile in light: To gratulate the faithful mind,
To bid the world's rude passions cease, He comes, He comes, the lost to find,
The mighty God! the Prince of Peace !
Miscellaneous. Faith.—There are many individuals wlio puzzle themselves, and perplex others, with curious questions and nice speculations as to what is included in faith,such as, Does repentance precede faith, or does faith lead to repentance? Does faith include trusting in Christ, or is trusting only a consequence of true faith? Theological riddles these, which tend to any thing but profit; whereas, in the common concerns of life, we find no difficulty in determining what faith means. Were we to be told that a poor man, having been informed that relief would be afforded him on his applying at a certain place, yet never made such an application, should we hesitate for a moment to conclude, that he could not have believed the account that was given him ? If he said that he did, should we believe him? That is, supposing him to be really in distress, and to have received the information from a person on whose knowledge and veracity he could depend, and that no physical obstacle incapacitated him for following the directions given him in order to his obtaining it. Yet, how much has been written by way of assisting persons to ascertain whether they believe or not, while the question might be decided summarily and unequivocally by a reference to the effects, which, if it be genuine, it must produce.—Opinions of an Old Gentleman.
RELIGious EDUCATION.-Our laws and constitution, civil and ecclesiastical, go more upon a supposition of equality among mankind than the constitution and laws of other countries. Now this plainly requires that more particular regard should be had to the religious education of the lower orders of people here than in other places, where they are born slaves of power, and made slaves of superstition. It is, I suppose, acknowledged, that they have greater liberty here than they have any where else in the world; but unless care be taken to implant some inward principle to prevent their abusing this greater liberty, which is their birthright, can we expect it will prove a blessing to them? Will they not, in all probability, become more dissolute, or more wild and extravagant, whatever wrong turn they happen to take, than people of the same class in other countries.—Bp. Butler.
LONDON:-Published by JAMES BURNS, 17 Portman Street, Portman Square; W. EDWARDS, 12 Ave-Maria Lane, St. Paul's; and to be procured, by order, of all Booksellers in Town and Country.
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causes our fairest hopes to wither : and the THE WORM IN THE BUD.
longer we live, the more able are we, from It is pleasant to mark in the advancing spring personal experience, to bear our testimony to the prospect which is afforded of a plentiful the utter vanity of causing our happiness to autumn,—to mark on the trees the expanding be centred in the objects of earth, or allowing buds, which lead us to anticipate a store of our affections to be absorbed with any worldly delicious fruits. How beautiful is the sight connexions, however lawful. Vanity is writof an extensive orchard, with its trees laden ten on man at his best estate : himself walkwith myriads of blossoms! and how willing in a vain show, it cannot but be folly in the aspirations of the devout soul ascend to him to expect that, in a world which with the Him who hath never left himself without a lust thereof passeth away, there can be any witness, not only of his existence, but of his security that his fondest wishes will be gratiprovidential care, for the supply of the com- fied. But has lie any right on this account to forts no less than of the absolute wants of his question the mercy or to arraign the wisdom creatures ! There is something decidedly of God, like the disobedient prophet, because, morbid in the state of that man's feelings while rejoicing under the shadow of the gourd, who can contemplate such a scene unmoved. “God prepared a worm, when the morning rose
And yet how frequently do the promises the next day, and it smote the gourd that it of the early year end in disappointment! withered ; and when the east wind blew, and There is oftentimes a worm in the bud, which the sun beat upon his head, he wished in prevents the realisation of the expected crop himself to die ; and said, It is better to die – the nipping wind or the destroying blight than to live ?" Alas, a similar spirit of rebelwork their ravages, and the autumn is com- lion is fearfully prevalent even among those paratively fruitless. Yet, does the husband- who profess to be influenced by the doctrines man well to be angry, or to murmur at the of the Gospel, and who think that they have unerring dispensations of a gracious Provi- imbibed its spirit. But one of the most imdence? Assuredly not. If he has performed portant evidences of the existence of grace in his allotted task of careful pruning and shel- the soul, is unreserved submission to the will tering from the blast ; if he has employed all of God,--an entire willingness to receive his skill, and feels that he cannot be reason- apparent evil at his hand as well as good; ably charged with idleness or remissness in and he who has not this evidence may well his work,—then must he submit to the Al- question, whether he has made any advancemighty's decision, and be thankful for the ment in the divine life, and whether his mercies he has received, rather than repine at religion be at all better than a mere external the disappointments he meets with.
profession. But as there is a worm in the bud, which Perhaps these few remarks may meet the too often mars the expectations of the hus- eye of some worldling, whose affections are bandman, so is there often a worm concealed still centred in this world, even though he in the bud of human expectations, which may have had repeated experience of the
VOL. II.-NO, LIII.