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into which we are about to receive him. As the celestial choir welcomed him, therefore, to his throne above, so will we receive him with joy into our poor souls ; and to him with the Father and the Holy Ghost, we will give, as we are most bounden, continual thanks :' yea, ‘with angels and archangels,' &c."

The Cabinet. THE IMPORTANCE OF CHRISTIAN PRINCIPLE.-" In days when a base and cruel impiety, foregoing its audacious flights, and stooping from higher prey, insinuates itself into the cottages of indigence and the nursery of tender age, it behoves Christian ministers and pastors to protect their charge with no ordinary vigilance, and to fortify young and simple minds enforcing the holy doctrines of revelation in their connexion with the duties and advantages of consistent piety. The only barrier that can be hopefully opposed io the inroads of political and moral libertinism is Christianity, not vaguely apprehended as a speculative system, but wrought into the understanding, and interwoven with the affections as a vital and efficient principle.”- Rev. J. N. Pearson.

JUDGMENTS. When God threateneth judgments, we should pray against sins. Our eye of sorrow should be more upon that which dishonoureth him than upon that which afflicts ourselves.-Bishop Reynolds.

PERSECUTION.—There is a certain degree of decency of conduct, which none but the vilest reprobates treat with scorn. To abstain from gross and open wickedness; to be regular at church at least once a day; to be just and true in all dealings,-is so respectable in the eyes of the world, that, instead of subjecting any one to persecution, even the persecution of ridicule, it is generally approved, and all men wish to see it in their friends, in their children, in their servants, in their neighbours. But let a man go much farther than this: let him be very zealous in the love of God, very ardent in his faith ; let him attempt to live according to the Gospel, and imitate, as far as circumstances allow, the conduct of the apostles: it is more doubtful how far he will then be approved or praised. Suppose, for instance, he imitates Abraham, who not only served God himself, but made his household do the same; or says, like Joshua, “ I and my house will serve the Lord :” suppose that, to promote this, he begins and closes the day in prayer with his farnily (which seems to be a very natural thing for those who serve the same God, and acknowledge the same Saviour) ; suppose he keeps away from all meetinys and companies of people where he might be likely to fall in with sinners, or to be led into sin; suppose he is always found in his place at church, not only at one of the services, but, if possible, at bothand not only when he has a scrmon to interest him, but when he only comes to join in prayer, and hear the Scriptures; suppose he give proof that he is trusting to his Saviour for salvation, by always attending the holy sacrament; suppose he shews such a dread and hatred of sin, as not only to abstain from it himself, but, wherever he can, to rebuke it in others;-will not all this bring him upon tender ground? Will not his neighbours begin to whisper, that he is growing "righteous overmuch ?" Will there not be some danger of his being despised by some, and bantered by others? In a clergyman, indeed, all this might be allowed-as if one man's soul did not require the same care as another's, and there were two sets of rules for a Christian's conduct in the Gospel; but I doubt whether men in general could act up to this standard without being prepared to encounter a little opposition, a few friendly hints of the danger they were in.

Danger!-of what? of loving God too much ? of following his revelation too closely 1 of making their salvation too secure! My brethren, in the case I have supposed, I have not gone a whit beyond what the spirit of the Bible requires, or what all pious men practise ; or, I will venture to say, what every man, whose conscience is the least awakened, will wish that he had practised, when he comes to die, or stands in judgment.-Bishop J. B. Sumner.

LAWFUL ACTIONS.—Wouldst thou know the lawfulness of the action which thou desirest to undertake ? let thy devotion recommend it to divine blessing: if it be lawful, thou shalt perceive thy heart encouraged by thy prayer; if unlawful, thou shalt find thy prayers discouraged by thy heart. That action is not warrantable, which either blushes to beg a blessing, or, having succeeded, dares not present thanksgiving.“ Quarles.

The Patient Christian. -Under the pressure of any affliction, Thy will be done, as it is the patient Christian's unceasing prayer, so is it the ground of his unvarying practice. In this brief petition he finds his whole duty comprised and expressed. It is the unprompted request of his lips--it is the motto inscribed on his heart-it is the principle which regulates his life-it is the voice which says to the stormy passions, “ Peace! be still!". Let others expostulate, he submits. Nay, even submission does not adequately express his feelings. We frequently submit, not so much from duty as from necessity; we submit because we cannot help ourselves. Resignation sometimes may be more acquiescence in the sovereignty rather than conviction of the wisdom and goodness of God; while the patient Christian not only yields to the dispensation, but adores the Dispenser. He not only submits to the blow, but vindicates the Hand which inflicts it : “ The Lord is righteous in all his ways." He refers to the chastisement as a proof of the affection of the Chastiser : " I know that in very faithfulness thou hast caused me to be afflicted." He recurs to the thoughtlessness of his former prosperity: “Before I was afflicted I went astray," and alludes to the trial less as a punishment than a paternal correction. If he prays for a removal of the present suffering, he prays also that it may not be removed from him till it has been sanctified to him. He will not even part from the trial till he has laid hold on the benefit. Hannah More.

Sin.-The exceeding sinfulness of sin is manifested, not so much by its breaking through the restraint of threatenings and commands, as by its being capable of acting against light and against love.- Rev. J. Newton.


(Por May 4th.) ANGELS, blow your trumpets high, Strike your harps in symphony, To salute your King, returning With the crowns he hath been earning.

Man is ransom'd, earth restored,
Now more mighty and more glorious,
Over death and hell victorious,
By the triumph of his grace,
Than when first creation's space

Ranged in order at his word,
Lift your heads, ye heavenly gates,
Lo, the King of glory waits!
Self-unfolding portals, spring
Open, and the Conqueror bring

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To the mansion of his sire.

POMPONIO ALGIERI. -- Pomponio Algieri, a native Let him now the seats prepare

of Nola, in the kingdom of Naples, was seized when For the myriads who shall share

attending the University of Padua, and, after being In his kingdom ; captives all,

examined in the presence of the podesta, was sent

bound to Venice. His answers on the different exaGroaning in perdition's thrall,

minations which he underwent contain a luminous Rescued from the lake of fire.

view of the truth, and form one of the most succinct

and nervous refutations of the principal articles of Angels! ye the Lord have seen,

popery, from Scripture and the decretals, which is Once the slighted Nazarene,

any where to be found. They had the effect of spreadOn the cross ye saw him dying ;

ing bis fame through Italy. The senators of Venice, In the cold tomb lifeless lying ;

from regard to his learning and youth, were anxious Bursting from the sealed stone:

to set him at liberty ; but as he refused to abandon

his sentiments, they condemned him to the galleys. Ye beheld, when Tabor's height

Yet, yielding to the importunities of the nuncio, they Glitter'd with reflected light,

afterwards sent him to Rome as an acceptable present When, from the disparted cloud,

to the newly elected pope, Paul IV., by whom he was Tones unearthly issued loud,

doomed to be burned alive, in the twenty-fourth year Worship my beloved Son!"

of his age. The Christian magnanimity with which

the youthful martyr bore that cruel death terrified the Angels! who mankind befriend,

cardinals who attended to grace the spectacle. A let. Haste, to Olivet descend,

ter, written by Algieri in his prison at Venice, describes

túe consolations by which he was refreshed and upheld Say to yon astonishi'd train,

under his sufferings in language to which I scarcely Their Master shall return again,

know a parallel.-M-Crie. To judge the world he died to save ;

Good Intentions. Antonio Guevasa used to say, He shall come in clouds descending,

“ that heaven would be filled with such as had done All your hosts his pomp attending,

good works, and hell with such as intended to do them.". But above his seat divine

A suitable hint to those who put off their convictions

to a more convenient season. Shall the bow of mercy shine,

HEBREW SERVANTS.-Servants among the Hebrews And redemption's banner wave.

bore no ignominious mark of servitude as amongst MRS. WEST. the Greeks and Romans. This was the necessary

consequence of their servitude being temporary. It Miscellaneous.

is obvious from many passages in Scripture, that they

could in no way be distinguished from the most reIsaiah.—It is remarkable that the prophet who, of spected members of the family, and that they were all others, is the most full and explicit in delineating treated with precisely the same consideration. Thus, the Messial's kingdom of redemption, is equally dis- when Abraham sends his home-born slave, Eliezer, to tinguished for the copiousness and variety of his Nahor, with ten camels and several men-servants, lessons of holiness. Isaiah is not more

" the evan

Gen. xxiv. 10-30, Eliezer the slave thus addressed gelical prophet” for that which he foretold, than for Rebekalı, the daughter of this wealthy and powerful that which he taught. And this might be said, that emir: “ Let me, I pray thee, drink a little water from although a Christian could not consent to a surrender thy pitcher.” She again replies to this home-born of the New Testament itself, yet if any one book of slave, “ Drink, my lord; and she hasted and let the Old were to be selected as a substitute for that down the pitcher upon her own hand, and gave him more perfect gift, whereby to direct equally his faith to drink; and when she had donc giving him to drink, and his obedience, none could be taken so adequate she said, I will draw water for thy camels also, until to both those purposes as the volume of this eminent they have done drinking; and she hasted and emptied prophet, to whom it was given to behold the glory of her pitcher into the trough, and ran again unto the Christ's kingdom with an eagle eye, and to drink of well, and drew for all the camels” (Gen. xxiv. 18-21). the spirit of holiness beyond his brethren.-Rev. John This passage renders it obvious, that the condition of Davison.

a honie-born slave was marked by no degrading cirThe PHENOMENA OF NATURE EVIDENCES OF CHRIS

cumstance in appearance or demeanour. It is indeed TIANITY.—No reasonable man can doubt that all the

perfectly plain from the whole tenour of Scripture,

that the condition of a purchased servant or slave was phenomena of the natural world derive their origin

never considered as in any respect a degrading or a from God; and no one who believes the Bible to be

dishonourable one. the word of God has cause to fear any discrepancy

Had it been so, could Joseph, between this, his word, and the results of any dis

not only a purchased, but a foreign purchased, slave,

have been exalted to be viceroy over all Egypt? In coveries respecting the nature of his works: but the early and deliberative stages of scientific discovery

like manner, we find Daniel, likewise a slave, exalted

to the rank of chief minister of state in the court of are always those of perplexity and alarm ; and during

Darius. these stages the human mind is naturally circumspect, and slow to admit new conclusions in any department The Jews.-Josephus, speaking of the Jewish naof knowledge. The prejudiced persecutors of Galileo tion before its destruction, says,

“ There never was a apprehended danger to religion from the discoveries more atheistical generation; they despised the laws of of a science, in which a Kepler and a Newton found men, and made a mock of the laws of God, and those demonstration of the most sublime and glorious attri- that published them,-making no difference between butes of the Creator. A Herschel has pronounced good and evil : a sure presage of future desolation." that “ geology, in the magnitude and sublimity of the objects of which it treats, undoubtedly ranks in the

LONDON :-Published by JAMES BURNS, 17 Portman Street, scale of sciences next to astronomy;" and the history

Portman Square; W. EDWARDS, 12 Ave-Maria Lane, St. of the structure of our planet, when it shall be fully Paul's; and to be procured, by order, of all Booksellers in understood, must lead to the same great moral results

Town and Country. that have followed the study of the incchanism of the heavens.-Dr. Buckland,



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inward gratification, he offered, with thanksTHE TRUE CHRISTIAN'S SPRING.

giving, the first-fruits of the harvest at the BY THE Rev. ROBERT WILSON Evans, M.A.

feast of pentecost, which was the anniversary Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge ; and of the delivery of the law from Mount Sinai; Vicar of Tarvin, Cheshire.

and he closed the season with the stirring Almost all the reflections on the season of notes of its accompanying trumpets ringing spring have long ago become the property of in his spiritual ear. So did the Church of commonplace. Poets have revelled, and an- God, under the law, honour the season of nually revel, in painting its beauties, and in spring, decking it with its two cardinal festiexpressing the thoughts and feelings with vals. Nor has it, under the Gospel, lessened which it is so delightfully associated. The its sanctity. What the passover hinted in more chastened and reflective mind of the obscure promise to the Jew, the correspondChristian moralist has referred to its joyous ing festival of Easter proclaims as accomcontrast with winter, and thence drawn forth plished to the Christian. And the law of his analogies to vindicate the mystery of the carnal ordinances, whose delivery had marked resurrection of the dead. Yet one point has the feast of pentecost, has been abrogated by been but too little insisted upon; and few the gift of the law of the Spirit, whose effuhave remarked how peculiarly above the rest sion upon the Church signalises the correthis season has ever been hallowed in the sponding festival of Whitsuntide. Thus, Church of God. Down from the days of through apostolic ordinance, this season, so Moses to the second coming of the Son of full of bodily delight, suggests to the Chrisman, it will have been pre-eminently adorned tian the two cardinal points of the scheme of with the festive memorials of those grand his redemption, namely, his justification by events whereon is hinged the salvation of the blood of Christ, who was our passover, man. The first full moon which followed and his sanctification through the grace of the the vernal equinox proclaimed to every child Holy Spirit. And not only to this extent, of Israel the arrival of his passover, and re- but the whole interval between these two minded him how God had spared his first- feasts, while it is the most enjoyable portion born, and brought his nation out of bondage; of spring, is filled up in the annals of the while the paschal lamb typically hinted to Church with the most exhilarating events. him the mystery of his redemption from the It was then that the Lord of life rose again; land of spiritual bondage. And the exquisite it was then that he was walking the earth beauty, at this season, of the land to which the in his glorified body; it was then that he Lord had brought him, contrasted with the ascended into heaven-put on again his robes herbless horrors of the wilderness, would of divine glory-took his station as mediating forcibly impress upon him the blessedness of High-Priest between God and man - and his spiritual redemption, crowned with an in- ended with sending down as king his largess heritance so rich, so glorious. When seven of the Spirit. Well did the primitive Church weeks had passed, amid all this outward and mark its joyful sense of so blessed a period,

VOL. II. -10. LI.


by setting it apart for baptism, by discon- | hast thou loitered until some other sower, tinuing all fasts, and by standing up to with hurtful seed, has been before thee; or prayer.

until the precious opportunity has been deSuch is the spiritual garland of this season stroyed by the storm and rain of the maniof the birth of flowers. And compared with fold chances and changes of this mortal life? it, how poor is the richest wreath of mortal Let us look also at the last rural labour. growth and with what little authority does it The mower is in the fields. See how, with inculcate its lessons ! Even the lilies of the each sweep of his scythe, he cuts down the field, ordained by our Lord himself as preachers pride of a host of gaudy flowers, which a to us, forego their dignity, just as the very moment ago were nodding their heads in the sermon in which they were pointed out has wind, above the more humble and useful become but secondary to that preaching grass. And hast thou no such vanities to be which admonished us of his sufferings and brought low? Has thy crop of service to of his glory. Still, however, as we walk in the Lord been unmixed with the gay and unthe fields, and draw so much enjoyment profitable attractions of the world? And through our senses, we may make the one hast thou the heart to mow down, with the preacher introduce us

us to the other, the ruthlessness of yonder mower, all thy worldly teacher of elements to the teacher of mys- eminence and pride, and to offer to the Lord teries.

a homely and unmixed crop of service? The death of winter is past-the marks of What a general burst of life is around us ! God's wrath have ceased---nature is in a new The air resounds with the songs of birds and birth-flowers have taken the place of snow, the chirp and hum of insects, and new buds and sunshine of gloom. And is it so with are bursting into leaf at every glance. Death thee, O reader ? Dost thou feel the death of seems to have quitted the world in company sin, the new life to righteousness, the removal with winter, and we appear to gain a momenof the sense of God's wrath, and all the other tary glimpse of paradise. And is it spring cheerful tokens of justification within thee? within thee? Is it all busy life within thy See what a multitude of new stems, and heart? Is there the inward song of thanksbranches, and shoots, each bearing their giving, the murmur of secret praise, the holy flower, have sprung forth since last Whit- thought hourly bursting forth into good words suntide. And is it so with thee, O reader? and good works? Has the death of sin deWhat new fruits of sanctification hast thou parted thence ? does Christ live in thee? art put forth since that season? Is thy branch thou alive unto God through him? Dost thou in the Vine green and budding, promising feel thus the earnest of the life-giving Spirit, flower and fruit ? Is it spring with thee? and look forward with patient but certain Let us look at the first rural labour of the hope to his glorious fulfilment ? Hast thou

Let us contemplate the sower. He such glimpses of the restoration of paradise ? has chosen his seed with diligent care ; and Thus will the reflecting Christian, who has see how regularly he flings it. Thou, too, the word of God in his heart, receive, at this art a sower. Thy words have been flung most interesting of seasons, continual appeals abroad daily in the ears and minds of thy from the visible works of God; and these family, thy friends, thy acquaintance. And will lead him into the contemplation of his what hast thou sown ? Tares or wheat ?– invisible operation in the world of spirit. words of levity, or words of seriousness, of He will indeed discontinue fasting, for he is godliness, or of ungodliness? Hast thou in the enjoyment of a perpetual spiritual carefully selected thy seed? or art thou, feast. His spirit will discontinue kneeling, through inattention, partly doing the business for it comes before God not with the crouchof the enemy, who sowed by night? Again, ing fear of the slave, but with the upright as to thine own mind, how hast thou sown ? frankness of love which befits a son. Reader, Hast thou chosen good seed from the word art thou such a Christian? Is it not only a of God, from conversation with pious men, natural, but a spiritual spring with thee? and

pure and holy meditation ?-or bad seed Then look joyfully on to thy summer, which from books of levity, careless talk, idle will be bright with sun, or black with thunimaginations ? Hast thou sown to the flesh der, according to the tokens of thy spring. or to the Spirit, to corruption or to everlast- As thou sowest now, so shalt thou then reap. ing life? And has the soil been rock, or sand, or deep mould ? And when God, in THE DIVERSE GIFTS OF THE SPIRIT his hour of grace, hath given thee good seed,

IN THE CHURCH. by putting thoughts and purposes into thy Our blessed Saviour having newly changed his crown heart profitable to thyself and to thy neigh- of thorns for a crown of glory, and ascending up on bour, hast thou immediately gone forth to

• From the Christian Pentecost: a Sermon, preached at Westsow, and flung it carefully and regularly? or

minster Abbey, by Dr. Robert South, 1692.


high, took possession of his royal estate and sove- Church in the knotty, dark, and less-pleasing parts of reignty, according to the custom of princes, is treating religion, but are fitted rather for the airy, joyful office with this lower world (now at so great a distance from of devotion, such as praise and thanksgiving, which, him), by his ambassador ; and, for the greater splen- though not so difficult, are yet as pleasing a work to dour of the embassy and authority of the message, by God as any other; for they are the noble employment an ambassador no ways inferior to himself, even the of saints and angels, and a lively resemblance of the Holy Ghost, the third Person in the blessed Trinity-glorified and beat ied state, in which all that the in glory equal, in majesty co-eternal; and therefore blessed spirits do, is to rejoice in the God who made most peculiarly fit to supply his place and presence and saved them, to sing his praises, and to adore his here upon earth ; and, indeed, had he not been equal perfections. Again; there are others of a more reserved to him in the Godhead, he could no more have sup- and severe temper, who think much and speak little ; plied his place than he could have filled it, which we and these are fittest to serve the Church in the pensive, know in the accounts of this world are things ex- afflictive parts of religion-in repentance and mortifitremely different. Now the sum of this, his glorious cation, in retirement from the world, and a settled negotiation, was to confirm and ratify Christ's doc- composure of their thoughts in self-reflection and metrine; to seal the new charter of the world's blessed- ditation. Such also are the ablest to deal with trouness, given by Christ himself, and drawn up by his bled and distressed consciences, to meet their doubts apostles; and, certainly, it was not a greater work and to answer their objections, and to ransack every first to publish, than it was afterwards to confirm it: corner of their shifting and fallacious hearts, and, in a for, being a doctrine contrary to corrupt nature, and word, to lay before them the true state of their soul, to those things which men most eagerly loved, to wit, having so frequently demanded and taken a strict their worldly interests and lusts, it must needs have account of their own; and it is the same thoughtful quickly decayed, and withered, and died away, if not and reserved temper of spirit which must enable watered by the same hand of Omnipotence by which it others to serve the Church in the hard and controwas first planted.

versial parts of religion; which sort of men the Church Now this Holy Spirit is in the Church as the soul in can no more be without than a garrison can be without the natural body; for as the same soul does in and by soldiers, or a city without walls; or than a man can the several parts of the body exercise several func- defend himself with his tongue, when his enemy comes tions and operations, so the Holy Ghost, while he against him with a sword. Again; there are others animates the mystical body of Christ, causes in it besides these of a warmer and more fervent spirit, several gifts and powers, by which he enables it to having much of heat and fire in their constitution; and exert variety of actions. This diversity of gifts im- God may and does serve his Church even by such kind parts, I conceive, two things : - I. Something by way of persons as these also, as being particularly fitted to of affirmation, which is variety. II. Something by way preach the terrifying rigours and curses of the law to of negation, which is contrariety.

obstinate, daring sinners; which is a work as absoI. It imparts variety, of which excellent qualifica- lutely necessary as it is that men should be driven, if tion it is hard to say whether it makes more for use or they cannot be drawn, off from their sins; and that the

It is the very beauty of providence, and terrible trump of judgment should be always sounding the delight of the world. It is that which keeps desire in their ears, if nothing else will awaken them. But, alive, which would otherwise flag and tire, and be then, on the contrary, there are others of a gentler, quickly weary of one single object. It both supplies softer, and more tender genius; and these are full as our affections and entertains our admiration, equally serviceable as the former sort could be, though not in serving the innocent pleasures and the important occa- the same way; as being much fitter to represent the sions of life. And now, all these advantages God meekness of Moses, than to preach his law; to bind would have this desirable quality derive even upon up the broken-hearted, to speak comfort and refreshhis Church too ; in which great body there were and ment to the weary, and to take off the burden from must be several members, having their several uses, the heavy-laden. These are the men whom God offices, and stations; the particular function and em- pitches on for the heralds of his mercy, with a peculiar ployment of so many parts subserving the joint interest emphasis and felicity of address, to proclaim and issue and design of the whole ;-as the motion of a clock is out the pardons of the Gospel, to close up the wounds a complicated motion of so many wheels fitly put which the legal preacher hath made, and to bathe them together; and life itself but the result of so many with the oil of gladness; in a word, to crown the sorseveral operations, all issuing from, and contributing rows of repentance with the joys of assurance. And to, the support of the same body. The great help and thus we see how the Gospel must have its sons of furtherance of action is order ; and the parent of order thunder and sons of consolation; the first, as it were, is distinction. No sense, faculty, or member, must to cleanse the air and purge the soul, before it can encroach upon, or interfere with, the duty and office of be fit for the refreshments of a sunshine, the beams of another, as God has use of all the several tempers and mercy, and the smiles of a Saviour. constitutions of men, to serve the exigencies of his II. As this diversity of the Spirit's gifts imparts Church by. Amongst which some are of a sanguine variety, so it excludes contrariety; different they are, and cheerful disposition, having their imaginations for but not opposite. There is no jar, no combat bethe most part filled and taken up with pleasing ideas tween them ; but all are disposed of with mutual agreeof things; seldom troubling their thoughts, either by ments and a happy subordination ; for as variety looking too deep into them, or dwelling too long upon adorns, so opposition destroys ; things most different them; and these are not properly framed to serve the in nature may yet be united in the same design, and


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