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By hands unseen the virgin soil
Is with unlaboured plenty crown'd;. But soon must Adam bow to toil,
And dress the late spontaneous ground: For 0, too soon the thorn appearsToo soon he blends his bread with tears !
Even thus when man is born anew,
And being's perfect bliss is givenLo, a new Eden starts to view,
While angel harps rejoice in heaven'Tis wondrous all, divinely bright, And the new creature walks in light.
Then, too, the heart's unlaboured soil
Is with mysterious plenty crowned ; But soon he finds 'tis meet to toil,
And dress with tears the wayward ground : For 0, too soon the thorn appears, And heaven's own bread is mix'd with tears.
Yet onward is no scene display'd,
Whose bright beginnings ne'er decay? Must still the prospect ope to fade,
Still clouds o'ercast the new-born day? No; see the last creation best, All clouds, all changes, there dispersed.
No thorns that paradise infest
No bitter tears its harvest leaven No toils disturb its hallowed rest;
Unlaboured plenty lasts in heaven : Then, 0 let faith, let patience, here, With hope unmurmuring persevere.
Miscellaneous. THOMAS A KEMPIS. — “ As Thou wilt, what Thou wilt, when Thou wilt,” were the emphatic expressions of the faith and resignation of this eminent Christian.
Gex. xxxii. 32. “ Therefore the children of Israel eat not of the sinew which shrank, which is upon the hollow of the thigh, unto this day." — We found the Choctaw before the door, watching the gambols of fifty or sixty of his horses, who were frolicking before him; and of more than two hundred very fine cattle, which, at sunset, were coming up, as usual, of their own accord, from different parts of the surrounding forest, where they have a boundless and luxuriant range. The whole scene reminded me strongly of pastoral and patriarchal times. He had chosen this situation, he said, for its retirement (in some directions, he had no neighbours for fifty or a hundred miles), and because it afforded him excellent pasturage and water for his cattle. He added, that occupation would give him and his family a title to it as long as they chose. He told me, that they had an obscure story, somewhat resembling that of Jacob wrestling with an angel; and that the full-blooded Indians always separate the sinew which shrank, and that it is never seen in the venison exposed for sale. He did not know what they did with it. His elder brother, whom I afterwards met, told me that they eat it as a rarity. But I have also heard, though on less respectable authority, that they refrain from it, like the ancient Jews. A gentleman, who had lived on the Indian frontier, or in the nation, for ten or fifteen years, told me that he had often been surprised that the Indians always detached this sinew, but it had never occurred to him to inquire the reason.Hodgson's Journal.
JUDGES, ix. 6. “ And all the men of Shechem gathered together, and all the house of Millo, and went and made Abimelech king, by the plain of the pillar that was in Shechem" (marg. by the oak of the pillar). - English councils were formerly held under wide-spreading oaks. Thus Augustine, the first archbishop of Canterbury, met the British bishops under an oak in Worcestershire, which was therefore called, as Bede tells us, Augustine's Oak. And Berkshire, or Barkshire, has its name - as it were Bare-oakshire—from a large dead oak in the forest of Windsor, where they continued to hold provincial councils near its trunk, as had been done more anciently under its extensive and flourishing branches.-Hody.
2 Kings, xx. 20. “ He made a pool, and a conduit, and brought water into the city."--In the dry season the only water with which Jerusalem is supplied, excepting what is procured from its reservoirs for rain, comes from these cisterns, and is conducted there by an aqueduct, also attributed to Solomon, which has one remarkable peculiarity, namely, that whereas the Romans, and other nations of antiquity, were ignorant of that great principle of hydraulics, the natural tendency of water to rise to its level--as appears from the useless, though enormous, expense attending the construction of their aqueducts, so as to carry water from hill to hill by arches built on arches: this conduit is never raised on arches at all, but continues generally either subterraneous, or even with the ground; and in several parts of its course decidedly ascends the hills, -Diary of an Officer of Cavalry.
For the Church of England Magazine. MILLIONS of feet entraversed here,
Where are their parted spirits?
Where they are fled we soon shall fly,
The crowds who earth's arena tread,
Each busy in his station,
The world of life counts millions o'er
That of the dead hath many more.
Life's little circle rounded,
A sea of happiness and love,
Or depths below and clouds above.
A bar where none dissemble
Great God, as years pass swiftly by,
at his moral condition, that we are forcibly THE ORIGINAL INNOCENCE OF MAN.
struck with the conviction, that he could not If the Bible spoke of man as the same being have come at first from the hands of God in whom God once formed " in his image, after the state in which we now see him. We can his likeness;" if it did not take its stand upon easily imagine that God, after having resolved the ground of his being a fallen being,—there to create man, would see fit to place him at a would be, comparatively, little difficulty in vast distance from his own glorious perfecthe way of its universal reception. But it tions. It was a gratuitous act in the Divine deals with our species as a fallen race ; it Being to create man at all; and he was entells us in the outset, that we have dropped titled, in the exercise of his sovereign pleadown from what we once were ; and hence sure, to limit the faculties of the being wliom arises its distastefulness to the great mass of he was forming. But if God should make a mankind. But the question may be reduced creature, who was, as he came out of his to a very simple form. We see a vast deal hands, inclined to evil, and averse from good, of sin and misery in the world ; we feel it in when it was in his power to make him inourselves; we witness it in others: no man clined to good, and averse from evil, he ever pretended to shut his eyes to the fact. would do an act which would impugn his But whence came it?— from God in the first own essential nature; and evil would then instance? If we say so, then let us attend have been introduced, not merely by the to what is involved in such a statement : we “high permission of all-ruling heaven," but make God the immediate author of sin. of necessity, into the creation. Any one who Against such a notion as this even reason should hold such an opinion must be prerises up in resistance ; and not only reason, pared to stand by this formidable position, but the first principles of religion are alike that God made a race of beings originally opposed to it. As far as the mind of man is bad, and that they came out of his hands concerned, we can conceive it very possible vicious, and wretched, and mischievous. We that God might have formed him originally shrink from such a notion ; but yet the fact with powers not at all superior to those he still stands out to our view, that the human at present possesses : there is nothing in the race is corrupt; and we are therefore forced condition of his intellect which would compel to conclude, that some disaster arose after us to confess, that he was an altered being God had created man upon the earth. from the man whom God at first
made. His Ever since the world began—at all events, understanding is indeed limited; but, even ever since man began to inquire into his own now, it is far superior to his position rela- condition reason has been feeling after the tively to the world in which he dwells; and explanation of this matter, and has been we cannot account for its present excellence groping to find out, if possible, precisely in any other way than as connecting it with when, and how, this mischief crept in. But man's destination to rank hereafter among reason never could solve the difficulty. It exalted intelligences. It is when we look is very remarkable, however, how near many
VOL. II. NO. L.
of the ancients advanced to the truth. If we
If we , body. They considered that the body was a read some of the oldest fables, we shall find degrading habitation for the soul; and that a traditionary idea, that there were certain the soul was sent into this gross tenement to evil beings, who were bent on working harm be punished for its errors committed in a to the race of men; and, being more power- former state, and to undergo a process of ful than men, succeeded in their malignant trial and purgation. purpose. This was the account of the mat- They could go no farther than this; and ter, which we find in the earliest fables ; and this was but darkness. But here would they it is just the notion to which reason would have immovably remained, if the light of God come : how near a resemblance it bears to had not broke in upon them, and shewed truth, will be immediately seen by those who them their path. A few words, which we think of the account given in the Bible of find in the first chapter of the book of Genesis, the mode in which evil did actually enter our sets the question at rest : “ So God created world. If we read the systems of the old man in his own image; in the image of God philosophers, we shall find that they involve created he him." We are here told by the the belief of man's original innocence, even highest authority in what condition man came where they do not explicitly assert it. When into the world; it was in God's image," after" they are talking of men's vices and deformi- God's “likeness.” But Clirist was also God's ties, they immediately contrast them with the image ; and is the original nature of man the idea of the “fair” and the “ excellent," which same as the nature of Christ ? Were the they suppose to be implanted in the mind of “ first Adam" and the second Adam alike? every man as a standard of what is good; Nay. Christ is the “
express image of God's and though it would be very difficult to say person ;” man is only in the image, after his what they themselves precisely meant when likeness—"after God (that is, in resemblance they talked of these things, yet the very to God), created in righteousness and true existence of the fancy shews that they were holiness" (Eph. iv. 24). dissatisfied with human nature as they found We must be careful, therefore, in opposition it ; and that they were casting a kind of to the taunts of the infidel, and the self-excuslonging, lingering look at the beautiful form, ing spirit of our own hearts, to "justify the which they could now only see in the distant ways of God to man;" and if we find this image past. What is the “
golden age” of the old of God defaced—if its ruins are great, and its poets, but the utterance of a conviction which remains small,---let us take care that we sin lay deep in the folds of their heart, that there not yet more by
not yet more by " charging God foolishly." was once a time when man did that which Let God be true, though the vindication of was right, “not by constraint, but willingly,” | his truth should leave "
every man a liar." from the natural bent and bias of his will ? | Let Him be justified in that saying of his “That we came not originally,” says a Chris- servant of old (Eccl. vii. 29); “Lo, this only tian writer, “ in so imperfect a state out of have I found" (the particulars of the mystery the hands of our Creator is highly probable I know not, but the result is too clear), from the deductions of reason; it is certain made man upright; but they have sought from revelation. Upon the part of reason out many inventions."
N. alone, if we should suppose man to be weak compared with any higher order of intellectual beings, yet we cannot suppose him
WILLIAM TAYLOR MONEY, ESQ.-OBSERwicked. God's goodness made him not, nor
VANCE OF THE LORD'S DAY." was obliged to make him, as an angel, either It was the habitual practice of Mr. Money, the late in the manner or the measure of his facul- British consul at Venice, to visit, during the week, ties; but the goodness of God was engaged every English ship in the harbour, to examine into to create him innocent, that is, perfect, ac- the state of their crews, and to encourage their recording to his nature, and the rank which he spective captains to a regular course of reading from held in the order and scale of beings." It
the Bible to them, accompanied by earnest prayer ; is very remarkable that the heathen phi- to inquire into all their wants and grievances, and to
relieve and to redress them as far as circumstances losophers, at the same time that they saw and lamented that human nature had much
could possibly enable him to do so. declined from its primitive rectitude, never
The captain and seamen of every English ship had, presumed to charge this upon God. They with him in private, at the consulate ; and many were
at the same time, the important privilege of conferring spoke of a “moulting of the wings of the soul” to express its drooping and sickly putes thus checked, and even converted into a friendly
the misunderstandings thus adjusted, many the disstate ; but they always explained it as being feeling. A spacious apartment in his own house had, an impurity which the soul had contracted
from his very first arrival at Venice, been freely approin a former state, before its union with the
• From Records of a Route through France and Italy, by W. • See Felton's Vindication of the Christian Faith.
Rae Wilson, Esq. F.A.S.
priated by him for the performance of Divine service on the Lord's day; and all on board each ship were invited to attend, and to share in the praises of their God. Some of the seamen received either tracts or Bibles; and often two or three at a time were taken by him into his own room, and there paternally admonished to search after and rest on those divine truths which the inspired volume so solemnly held out to them, through the finished atonement of a crucified Redeemer, as the only foundation on which to build—"the only name under heaven given among men whereby we must be saved." In the evening the same privilege was freely placed at the option of every person who chose to attend ; and, at times, even French, Germans, and Italians were seen assembled with the family around the same table.
The motto of this excellent man was, Factis, non verbis;" and truly did he, in his own person, exemplify its just application. His was a religion not of words only, but of deeds; for many years his whole life had become a purely religious one.
No circumstance could induce him to allow an hour of the Lord's day to be infringed upon or mispent; his love and reverence for that hallowed day, and his chastened enjoyment of it, can only, in their fullest extent, be known to those who, in unbounded confidence, shared with him in all his foretastes of the sabbatic blessedness of heaven. No man respected the laws of hospitality more than he did, or paid a more ready and kind attention to all who were courteous to himself; but if any, even supposed necessary, call on his time or politeness came in the way of, or militated against his duty to God and obedience to his commands, it found no place in his heart. Often did he hazard (as the world would express it) the displeasure of others by his decided and unequivocal manner of declining invitations for the Sabbath-day.
Of the truth of this, two very striking instances may with propriety be adduced. One occurred almost immediately after his assuming the charge of his consulate at Venice. At that time the most considerate deference to his religious feelings was paid by the viceroy and the governor of that city, by their thenceforward simultaneously ceasing to invite him from home on the Sabbath-day, and in lieu thereof substituting a weekly one for that express purpose ; each at the moment solicitously conveying his marked acquiescence in and respect for the conscientious and praiseworthy motives by which he was regulated, in thus declining their respective invitations, and in language, too, alike honourable to all parties. Indeed, the former took occasion, at the very first ensuing court which he held, verbally and openly to confirm to him the impression which his upright conduct had made upon himself; from which hour, up to that of Mr. Money's latest existence, sentiments of the most friendly and personal regard were from the same exalted quarter invariably manifested towards him.
The other instance took place when in England, and in parliament, with the then speaker of the House of Commons, who, with similar feelings, had the integrity at once to admit the full force and applicability of the reasons he urged against passing the smallest portion of the Lord's day otherwise than in
the personal discharge of its sacred duties to God, in the bosom of his own family.
Of Mr. Money it might be truly said, he was one of the most unassuming of men; by temper possessing every moral virtue, by religion every Christian grace. He had a humanity that melted at every distress, a charity which not only thought no evil, but suspected none. He exercised his various duties, public and private, with an uniform, unbending integrity which nothing could equal. How often did he exert his discriminating judgment, his varied talents, his more than friendly zeal, in defence of the widow, of the fatherless, and of him that had none to help him!
Thus did the life of this most estimable man become one uniform pattern of those precepts which, with so ardent a zeal, so winning and so touching a simplicity, he endeavoured to recommend to general practice. His ennobled aim was ever to act up to those clear rules of conduct which revelation prescribes ; and by fearlessly, yet humbly, acknowledging in all his ways the King of kings,-by studying to promote his glory, by endeavouring to make his light shine as the day, and, in humble dependence on his almighty strength and grace, by drawing sinners to the foot of the cross--he conferred an honour on the British consulate over which he presided, that neither time nor change can obliterate.
The following is a letter written, a few days previous to his death, to a friend under domestic affliction :
Venice, Sunday morning, 30th of March, 1834. I am just going into our little church, after having read a sermon for the day, on the resurrection of Christ. There is one passage in it which brought you forcibly to my mind, though I may truly say that you have for some time past been scarcely out of it. The passage is this: "You can imagine the transport of the ruler of the synagogue, when his dear child was restored to his arms again. You have yourself, perhaps, hung over a doubtful sick-bed, and have felt the transport of the disciples when they exclaimed, “The Lord is risen indeed. My Christian brethren, your resurrection is bound up, if I may so express it, with that of your Lord; you, if his faithful disciples, rise with him in spiritual life, and you shall rise with him at the resurrection of the just. You shall ascend in his train ; you shall mount on his wings. • Whosoever believeth in him, though he were dead, yet shall he live; and whosoever liveth and believeth in him shall never die.'” God grant that you and our pre. cious sister may be rejoicing over returning health to your treasured child, and that one and all may give thanks and rejoice together in our little church. I see by the papers that dear G- W— has been bereaved of his wife at Walthamstow; he is well prepared to follow her to the mansions above. also that S- S- is gone to his grave; and that dear R— has a little boy. So has the world been from the fall of Adam, and so will it be till the Saviour come one goeth and another cometh, and we know not when our hour will arrive. The Lord grant that we may be so prepared by his holy Spirit as to be living with him here, that we may live with him for ever!
Biography. THE LIFE OF HENRY HAMMOND, D.D. HENRY HAMMOND was born in the village of Chertsey, in Surrey, on the eighteenth of August, 1605. His
See Lives of Hammond, by Dr. Fell, published in 1662; and by Rev. R. B. Hone, in 1834; from both of which I have extracted in the above inemoir.
birth-place (as Dr. Fell tells us) was formerly remark- an exact despatch of the whole course of philosophy, able as being the spot at which Julius Cæsar is sup- he read over in a manner all the classic authors that are posed to have passed his army over the Thames, when extant; and, upon the more considerable, wrote, as he he invaded England; also as having been one of the passed, scholia ‘and critical emendations, and drew up places where the Christian religion first gained a foot- indexes for his private use at the beginning and end ing; and as having been the burial-place of King of each book, all which remain at this time, and testify Henry VI. His father, Dr. John Hammond, was his indefatigable pains to as many as have perused his physician to Prince Henry, the brother of Charles the library." First, Prince Henry himself having been godfather to In 1633 an event took place which caused the reDr. Henry Hammond ; and having conferred on bim moyal of Mr. Hammond from his residence at Oxford. his own name at the time of his baptism. He was He had been requested to supply the place of Dr. connected with literature on his mother's side also, Frewen, the president of Magdalen college, as preacher and with divinity too, being a descendant of Alexander before the king, Dr. Frewen being at that time one of Nowell, D.D., dean of St. Paul's, of whose life a sketch his majesty's chaplains. The Earl of Leicester haphas appeared in a preceding number of this Magazine. pened to be among Mr. Hammond's hearers on the He was sent to Eton at a very early age, where his occasion of his preaching at court, and was so much abilities soon discovered themselves : he not only be- pleased with his sermon, that he immediately offered came a proficient in the ordinary classical languages, I him the rectory of Penshurst, in Kent, being at that Greek and Latin, but in Hebrew also, a language very time vacant. The offer was accepted, and Hammond little studied at that time. He made such progress in “ thenceforth, from the scholastic retirements of an the Hebrew, that he was able to instruct many who university life, applied himself to the more busy enterwere much older than himself, but who were struck tainments of a rural privacy, and what some have with his singular acquaintance with that language, and called the being buried in a living. In the discharge were glad to avail themselves of his help. His pro- of his ministerial function he satisfied not himself in gress in Greek was much hastened by the kind aid of diligent and constant preaching only (a performance Mr. Allen, one of the fellows of Eton college, who was wherein some of late have fancied all religion to conan excellent Greck scholar, and gave important as- sist), but, much more, conceived himself obliged to the sistance to Sir Henry Savile, when he was editing St. offering up the solemn daily sacrifice of prayer for his Chrysostom. His temper was very gentle and peace- people, administering the sacraments, relieving the able; and his habits, even as a school-boy, religious— poor, keeping hospitality, reconciling of differences for he would often steal away from his school-fellows amongst neighbours, visiting the sick, catechising the into private, that he mighit pray,
youth. As to the first of these, his preaching, it was His schoolmaster, Mr. Bush, seeing the lad so not at the ordinary rate of the times, an unpremedimeek-tempered, and being well-disposed towards him tated, undigested effusion of shallow and crude confor his father's sake, began to entertain fears lest ceptions; but a rational and just discourse, that was to Hammond should prove inactive, thinking that his teach the priest as well as the lay hearer. His method long-suffering disposition betokened passiveness of was (which, likewise, he recommended to his friends), character ; but he soon found that his apprehensions after every sermon, to resolve upon the ensuing subwere groundless; for his pupil made such improvement | ject; that being alone, to pursue the course of study that he was thought fit for college at the age of thir- which he was then in hand with, reserving the close teen, and was sent to Magdalen college, Oxford, of of the week for the provision for the next Lord's-day; which he was afterwards elected a demy (a name im- whereby not only a constant progress was made in porting half-fellow, and answering to that of a scholar science, but materials unawares were gained unto the in other colleges), and had the good fortune to reach immediate future work; for, he said, be the subjects a fellowship at an unusually early period," his merit treated of never so distant, somewhat will infallibly voting for him," as Dr. Fell expresses it. Here he fall in conducible unto the present purpose. made the acquaintance of one whose fame was destined “The offices of prayer he bad in his Church, not only to rise high, and transmit his memory to future gene- upon the Sunilays and festivals and their eves, as also rations : this was the great and good Jeremy Taylor. Wednesdays and Fridays, according to the appointHe took his degree of bachelor of arts in 1622, and ment of the rubric, but every day in the week, and was shortly after appointed reader of the natural phi-twice on Saturdays and holyday eves; for his assistlosophy lecture in Magdalen college, as well as being ance wherein he kept a curate, and allowed him a nominated to speak the funeral oration over Dr. Lang- comfortable salary. And at those devotions he took ton, the esteemed president of that society. He began order that his family should give diligent and exemnow to take in hand a system of divinity, beginning plary attendance, which was the easilier performed, it with the primitive writers, and deferring the determi- being guided by his mother, a woman of ancient virtue, nate formation of his own opinions on many important and one to whom he paid a more than filial obedience. thoughts until he had at least made himself acquainted “ As to the administration of the sucrament, he reduced with the views of the early writers of the Christian it to an imitation, though a distant one, of primitive Church. Such a course is at all times respectful and frequency, to once a month, and therefore, with its modest; such a measure of deference can never cease anciently inseparable appendant, the offertory; wherein to be due to the primitive Christian writers; but his instruction, and happily insinuating, example so the law and the testimony” must every uninspired | far prevailed, that there was thenceforth little need of opinion be brought for its authority. "Be ye foilowers ever making any tax for the poor : nay (if the report of me," says St. Paul, even as I also am" (so far, we of a sober person, born and bred up in that parish, be presume the apostle means, as I am) " of Christ;" and to be believed), in short time a stock was raised, to be the same rule precisely will apply to the opinions of always ready for the apprenticing of young children, early Christian writers: we may follow them in the whose parents' condition made the provision for them same degree in which they themselves follow in the an equal charity to both the child and parent; and footsteps of Christ and his apostles.
after this there yet remained a surplusage for the Mr. Hammond was ordained deacon in 1629, being assistance of the neighbour parishes. then twenty-four years old, the statutes of the college “For the relief of the poor, besides the fore-mentioned directing that all its foundation-members of his stand- expedient, wherein others were sharers with him unto ing should take orders: he soon after took the degree his private charity, the dedicating the tenth of all of bachelor in divinity. “ During the whole time of receipts, and the alms daily given at the door, he conhis abode in the university, be generally spent thirteen stantly set apart over and above every week a certain hours of the day in study; by which assiduity, besides rate in money; and however rarely his owa rent-days