Obrazy na stronie


space which extends between the last summits of Ju- olive-trees, bent almost horizontally under the weight dea, on which we stood, and the high mountains of of time and the sun ; trees petrified, as it were, like Arabia. This place already swam in the undulating the barren fields from whence they have painfully and vaporous light of morning. Beyond the smaller issued. The gate of Bethlehem, commanded by two hills, which lay under our feet, rolled and broken into towers, crowned with Gothic battlements, but desolate fragments of grey rock, the eye could distinguish and silent as the gate of a deserted castle, stood open nothing but a dazzling sheet of light, like a vast

before us.

We paused some minutes immovable to On the coast of this imaginary ocean, towards contemplate it; our eager desire to pass it was almost the left of our horizon, and about a league before us, inexpressible ; but the plague was at its height in the sun shone upon a square tower, an elevated mina- | Jerusalem; and we had been received into the Conret, and the great yellow walls of some edifices which vent of St. John Baptist of the Desert only under the crowned the summit of a hill, the foundations of most formal promise of not entering the city. We which were lost in the hill itself; by the points of therefore entered it not, but, turning to the left, wound other minarets, the battlements of some high walls, slowly round the long high walls, built on the edge of and the blue and black summits of some domes, a deep ditch or moat, in which we occasionally distinwhich rose behind the tower and the great minaret, guished the foundation-stones of Herod's ancient enwe could recognise a town, which stretched down the closure. At every step we passed Turkish cemebrow of the hill, and of which the most elevated por- teries, whitened with funereal monuments, surrounded tion alone was visible. This could be only Jerusalem ; by the turban. we had thought ourselves much farther from it; and I mounted my horse, and, turning my head every each of us, without daring to ask a question of the instant to see something more of the valley and city, guide, lest the illusion should be destroyed, enjoyed I climbed in a quarter of an hour the Mount of in silence the first glance cast by stealth upon the Olives; every step which my horse took in the path Holy City; every thing inspired within me the name which leads up the Mount, opened to me a new of Jerusalem !--it was herself! She detached herself, quarter, or another building in Jerusalem. I reached by her yellow garb, from the deep blue of the sky, the summit, crowned by a ruined mosque, covering and the black back-ground of the Mount of Olives. the spot where our Lord ascended to heaven after his We stopped our horses to contemplate this mysterious resurrection ; I declined a little to the right of this and dazzling apparition. Every step we were about mosque, to gain two broken columns lying on the to take in descending to the deep and sombre valleys ground at the foot of some olive-trees, on a platform which were under our feet tended to veil her anew which overlooks at once Jerusalem, Sion, and the from our sight. Behind these walls and domes of valley of St. Saba, leading to the Dead Sea. The Jerusalem arose, in the second line, a high and ex- Dead Sea itself shone through the openings in the tensive hill, darker than that which supported and mountains, whose diversified summits form the outpartly concealed the town. This second hill bounded line of the horizon, terminating in the mountains our horizon. The sun left its western slope in shade; of Arabia. Here I sat down, and this was the scene but appearing to touch its summit, which resembled a

before me. vast cupola, caused it to swim in an ocean of light. The Mount of Olives, on whose summit I was The doubtful limits of the earth and sky were marked seated, slopes suddenly and rapidly down to the deep only by some large black trees, planted on its most abyss called the Valley of Jehoshaphat, which sepaelevated ridge, and between which the rays of the sun rates it from Jerusalem. From the bottom of this are admitted. This was the Mount of Olives; and sombre and narrow valley, the barren sides of which they were the olive-trees themselves, old witnesses of are every where paved with black and white stones, so many days written on earth and in heaven, watered the funereal stones of death, rises an immense hill, by divine tears, by the sweat of blood, and so many with so abrupt an elevation that it resembles a fallen other tears shed since that night, which rendered them rampart; no tree here strikes its roots, no moss even sacred. A few more trees, forming dark spots on the can fix its filaments; the slope is so steep, that the hill's sides, were confusedly distinguishable; the walls carth and stones continually roll from it, and it preof Jerusalem cut the horizon, and hid the foot of the sents to the eye only a surface of dry dust, as if powHoly Mountain : nearer to us, and immediately under dered cinders had been thrown upon it from the our eyes, was nothing but the Desert of Stones, which heights of the city. Towards the middle of this city, serves as an avenue to the City of Stones. These or natural rampart, rise high and strong walls of enormous masses of uniform ash-coloured grey ex- large stones, not externally sawed by the mason, tend without interruption from the spot on which we which conceal their Hebrew and Roman foundations stood to the gates of Jerusalem. The hills sink and beneath the same cinders, and are here from fifty to rise ; narrow valleys wind round their bases, and even one hundred, and, further on, from two to three hunopen a little here and there, as if to deceive the eye of dred feet in height. The walls are here separated by man, and promise him vegetation and life ; but hills, three city-gates, two of which are fastened up, and valleys, plains, all are stone; it is but one uninter- the only one open before us seems as void and as derupted foundation of rock, ten or twelve feet in thick- solate as if it gave entrance only to an uninhabited ness, the clefts of which allow only intervals sufficient town. The walls rising above these gates sustain a for the reptile to creep, or the camel to break his leg large and vast terrace, which runs along two-thirds of

The last steps we make before entering Jerla the length of Jerusalem on the eastern side; and, salem are sunk in an immovable and funereal avenue judging by the eye, may be a thousand feet in length, of these rocks, rising to the height of ten feet above and five or six' hundred in breadth. It is nearly the traveller, permitting him only to see that portion level, except at its centre, where it sinks insensibly, of the sky which is immediately over him.

as if to recall to the eye the valley which formerly We had traced for a quarter of an hour this last and separated the hill of Sion from the city of Jerusalem. lugubrious avenue, when suddenly the rocks, separa- This magnificent platform, prepared no doubt by ting on both sides, left us in face of the walls of Jeru

nature, but evidently finished by the hand of man, salem, to which we had come close without knowing was the sublime pedestal upon which arose the Temple it. A vacant space of some hundred paces alone lay of Solomon: it now supports two Turkish mosques. between us and the gate of Bethlehem. This area, ... Beyond the platform, the two mosques, and the resembling the glacis which, at a certain distance, site of the Temple, the whole of Jerusalem is stretched surrounds the fortified towns of Europe, opened to the before us, like the plan of a town in relief, spread by right, and descended with a gentle declivity into a an artist upon a table ; the eye loses not a roof or a narrow valley. To the left it bore five old trunks of

stone. This city is not, as has been represented,

unshapely and confused mass of ruins and ashes, over

LITURGICAL HINTS.-No. XXI. which a few Arab cottages are thrown, or a few Bedouin tents pitched; neither is it like Athens, a

“ Understandest thou what thou readest?"--Acts, viii. 30. chaos of dust and crumbling walls, where the traveller

Tuurd SUNDAY AFTER Easter. seeks in vain the shadow of edifices, the traces of

The Collect is found in the Sacramentary of St. streets, the phantom of a city; but it is a city shining Gregory, and the Liturgy of St. Ambrose ; and is one in light and colour! presenting nobly to view her

of that class of collects which were retained at the intact and embattled walls, her blue mosque witi its

Reformation. The translation of the original Latin white colonnades, her thousand resplendent domes,

form is as follows: "O God, who shewest to the errfrom which the rays of the autumnal sun are reflected

ing, in order that they may return into the way of in a dazzling vapour; the façades of her houses, tinted by time and heat , of the yellow and golden hue righteousness, the light of thy truth; grant to all who

are reckoned under the Christian profession, both of the edifices of Pæstum or of Roine ; her old towers,

to eschew those things which are unfriendly to this the guardians of her walls, to which neither one stone,

name, and to follow those things which are fitted to it. one loop-hole, nor one battlement is wanting: and

Through the Lord.” The Collect in our Prayer-book above all, amidst that ocean of houses, that cloud of little domes which cover them, is a dark elliptical

(which varies but very slightly from the above form) dome, larger than the others, overlooked by another

" is admirably adapted to expose" the dangerous de

lusion of those who “indulge a hope of being saved and a white one. These are the churches of the Iloly Sepulchre and of Calvary; from hence they are

by the mercy of God, and yet live in a careless dis

regard of the commandments of God. It reminds us confounded, and appear drowned in the immense

that when the Father sent the Son to be the liglit of labyrinth of domes, edifices, and streets, which en

the world, he had in view the restoration of the fallen compass them.

sons of Adam to their original state of bappiness, Such is the city, seen from the height of the Mount by enabling them to return into their original state of of Olives. She has no horizon behind her to the

righteousness. To effect this restoration, to give to west nor to the north. The line of her walls and her

an erring world the means of returning from their towers, the points of her numerous minarets, the arches of her shining dome, stand out in bold relief light of his truth by Jesus Christ. With what care

wanderings, Almighty God hath 'shewn to them the against the deep blue of an orient sky; and, thus exhibited on her broad and elevated platform, seem

and diligence should we 'walk as children of light,' again to shine in all the antique splendour of her

in all holy conversation, true and just in all our deal

ings with men, pure and upright before God : for prophecies, or to be only waiting the word to rise in

otherwise the light that is in us is darkness; and then dazzling glory from her seventeen successive ruins, how great, how awful is that darkness! With what and be transformed into that New Jerusalem, which is to come out of the bosom of the desert, radiant with sincerity should we, who are from our infancy ad

mitted into Christ's religion, pray for grace ‘to eschew brightness. This view is the most splendid that can be pre

those things that are contrary to our profession, and

follow all such things as are agreeable to the same!' sented to the eye, of a city that is no more; for she

If we do not eschew, or put away, things contrary to still seems to exist as one full of life and youth: but,

our profession, we defeat the very object which a on contemplating the scene with more attention, we

merciful God had in view in giving his Son to be feel that it is really no more than a fair vision of the

both a sacrifice for sin, and also an ensample of city of David and Solomon. No noise arises from her godly life. The gift was intended to bring us back to squares and streets; no roads lead to her gates, from the cast or from the west, from the north or from the happiness, by enabling us to follow all such things

as are agreeable to our profession.' And whoso is south, except a few paths, winding among the wells,

religious in deed and in truth finds that, though by on which you meet only half-naked Arabs on their

nature born in sin, and the child of wrath, he is by asses, some camel-drivers from Damascus, or women

his Christian covenant so renewed as a child of grace, from Bethlehem or Jericho, carrying on their heads a

that he walks with God, even in the wilderness of life, basket of raisins from Engaddi, or a cage of doves, to conscious of no terror from the Divine presence; for be sold, on the morrow, under the turpentine-trees

he knows himself to be reconciled by the blood of beside the city-gates. We were seated, the whole of

Christ, accepted through his intercession, and clothed the day, before one of the principal gates; we walked

with his righteousness. He walks as becometh the round the walls: no one passed in or out; no mendi- children of light." cant even was seated against the curb-stones; no

In the Epistle (1 Pet. ii. 11-17) the apostle earsentinel shewed himself at the threshold ; we saw

nestly exhorts Christians, as strangers and pilgrims indeed, no living object, heard no living sound; we

through the world, not to suffer themselves to be defound the same void, the same silence, at the entrance

tained on their way by those sensual appetites which of a city containing thirty thousand souls, duri the

are the enemies of the soul. This they ought to do twelve hours of the day, as we should have expected

as living among the Gentiles, who were inveterate before the entombed gates of Pompeii or Herculaneum. We saw nothing pass the gate of Damascus,

enemies to their religion, and constantly speaking evil

of it: who, if they should see their good works, would except four funeral processions, silently winding their

glorify God" whenever he should visit them with way along the walls to the Turkish cemetery; nor the gate of Sion, while we were within view, except a

his grace to repentance, and applaud Christians for

that purity, for which they now spoke evil of them. poor Christian, who had died in the morning of the

Christians must also loyally and reverently “submit plague, and was carried by four grave-diggers to the

themselves" to civil authority, particularly to the Grecian burial-place.

king, as holding the highest rank, and then to his The Dead Sea resembles one of the most beautiful

deputies as commissioned by him to govern for the lakes of Switzerland or Italy, as it is seen from Sion;

punishment of “evil-doers, and the encouragement reposing its tranquil waters beneath the shadow of the

of all that “do well.” For, it is God's will that the lofty mountains of Arabia, which stretch, like the

malicious slanders of ignorant and senseless men Alps, as far as the eye can reach behind its waves, should be silenced by the unanswerable refutation of and amidst the projecting, pyramidical, conical, jagged, an irreproachable life; and we are bound to do this, and sparkling ridges of the most distant mountains

because, though "free" from the ceremonial law, we of Judea.

have passed into another service, even that of God. [To be continued.]

• James on the Collects.

We are enjoined to “honour all men ;" to give to all, character and the tone of natural religion. In every evil and good, whatever measure of respect is their herb, in every stone, to say nothing of man, the masdue: to "love" with a special affection the Christian ter-piece of his creation, you see the traces of a Deity, fraternity; those who, with us, are united to Christ and the proofs that he is good. Is this to be conthe head, and with whom we are bound together in demned? I reply, by no means. Does religion frown the same “ hope of glory." We must "fear God" with upon the advance of science, as if under the mask of supreme awe and obedience: and " honour the king" friendship she feared an enemy or a rival? I answer, with that distinguishing respect which is due to him no such suspicions become the Gospel. Then, why above other men.

are we dissatisfied with such views of God? I reply, In the Gospel (John, xvi. 5-15) our Lord pro- because they do not recognise a Saviour; they do not mises to send the Comforter to his disciples; and de- exalt Christ; they do not further that which is the clares the nature and effects of his operations. He grand aim of revelation---to proclaim salvation through was now about to return to his Father: but “ since the cross of Christ.--Rev. J. B. Marsden on the Comings the moment, when Jesus first told his disciples that of Christ. he was about to leave the world, they had not asked

The PRAYBRS OF THE CHURCH. It is the health him any thing further about the state and place to

of the soul, which is the one great end of all the ordiwhich he was going; and therefore, instead of rejoicing

nances of our most holy faith ; and, keeping this in his approaching exaltation, and hoping for im

always in view, we may venture to affirm, that valuable portant benefits from it, they were overwhelmed with sorrow at his words, as if they were about to suffer

as preaching is as a part of our Church service, it is

yet of much less value than the prayers, the right an irreparable loss. Our Lord therefore repeats his

exercise of which, like the pulse in the natural body, assurance, that his departure would turn to their ad

plainly indicates the life that exists within. But if vantage ; for that unless he passed through lis sufferings, and entered into his glory, the promised Com

prayer be indeed the pulse of the spiritual life ; if it

be in truth the breath of God in man returning to its forter would not come unto them. When he should

original source,--how is it that so many professed come, he would reprove or convince the world of sin,

Christians should appear to despise the privilege of in rejecting and crucifying the Lord of glory; of

prayer, and to regard the sermon as all in all? This righteousness, because the righteousness of Christ was

is evidently the fault of itching cars and unsteady fully proved, as he was returned to the Father, and

hearts; and it would be well, if all who profess and appeared no more among them--thus shewing that he

call themselves Christians, would consider within was accepted by and glorified with God the Father ;

themselves how certain it is that a preaching Church, of judgment, because Satan, the prince of this world,

i: e. a Church which exalts the ordinance of preaching (by the power of the Holy Ghost attending the apos

to the neglect or the disparagement of the ordinance tles' doctrine), would be shewn to be judged, condemned as a criminal, and expelled from his usurped

of prayer, cannot stand. It assuredly becomes us to

be thankful for the plenteous provision of preaching, dominion over mankind. Our Lord had many things

which we now enjoy; but, at the same time, we must further to communicate to his apostles, concerning

take good heed, lest, as in the times before the great the nature of his salvation, &c.; but their minds

rebellion, it should be exalted and abused to the were not sufficiently freed from prejudices to receive

hinderance or the injury of the other ordinances of such instructions, and to make a proper use of them. the Church. If the body of professed Christians They were therefore unreservedly to depend on the

would shew that they are desirous of becoming “ wise teaching of the Holy Spirit, who would speak no

unto salvation,” they must learn to set their highest thing of himself,' as if he proposed to himself any

value on the most important part of divine service. separate end or purpose; but would teach them exactly They must remember the sanctuary of the Lord is those things which the Divine wisdom had appointed spoken of in Scripture not as a house of preaching, to be revealed to the Church, as being one in nature,

but a house of prayer. They must learn, therefore, counsel, and operation, with the Father and the Son.

to love the prayers; and they may rest assured, that The Holy Spirit would also be in them a Spirit of they will then find all the edification from the sermon prophecy, to make known to them future events to

to be, as it were, so much gain to them, over and the end of time. He should in an especial manner above. - Rev. R. Anderson's Sermons on the Comglorify Christ, by shewing to the Church, how all the

munion. perfections and fulness of the Godhead, and all the dominion which attached to the Father as the Creator The Ancient FATHERS.—These doctors, we have and Proprietor of the universe, belonged equally to great cause to thank God for them; but yet I would the Son, as one with him."

not have them always to be allowed. They have handled many points of our faith very godly; and we

may have a great stay in them in many things ; we The Cabinet.

might not well lack them: but yet I would not have

men to be sworn to them, and so addict as to take hand Love to God, as God is revealed in Christ Jesus,

over head whatsoever they say: it were a great inconis a conclusive sign of the Saviour's presence in our

venience so to do.--Bishop Latimer's Sermons. hearts. This is the only kind of love which he allows. Do I seem to draw an over-nice distinction? Yet WEALTH.--As the gift of God, wealth is to be enour happiness through all eternity depends upon it. joyed gratefully, dispensed liberally, and appropriated You love God, not as he is revealed in the Bible--for wisely. It is one of the means of usefulness derived with the Bible you profess no great acquaintance ;

from the bounty of heaven; and the fragments of the but you love God as all nature, all creation proclaims

rich man's abundance must be carefully preserved for his being and his goodness. You are yourself full of the poor and needy. The conscientious appropriation life and health; you see the earth teeming with its of wealth is a Christian duty-an evidence that we riches; to you, at present, existence is but another are acting under the conviction that we are stewards name for joy and gladness. And when you look up

of the gifts of God, and, as such, required to be faithwards, and think of God, your heart overflows with ful.—Mary Jane MʻKenzie. gratitude ; and this you call the religion of nature. It

DILIGENCE.—Let every man that hath a calling be is so—it is the religion of a heathen, who has no other

diligent in the pursuance of its employment; yet ever light than that which nature supplies him with. But in your hands Science has lent her aid to exalt the

remembering so to work in his calling as not to neglect

the work of his higher calling, but to begin and end . Rev. T. Scott's Commentary.

the day with God.—Bp. Jeremy Taylor.


a plantation a part of Bushy Park, which had probably

been undisturbed by the spade or plough since, per RESIGNATION.

haps, long before the reign of Charles I. The ground Long have I view'd, long have I thought,

was turned up in the winter, and in the following

summer it was covered with tree mignionette, pansies, And held with trembling hand this bitter draught:

and the wild raspberry, plants which are no where to 'Twas now just to my lips applied ;

be found in a wild state in the neighbourhood. In Nature shrank in, and all my courage died.

Richmond Park a great quantity of the fox-glove But now resolv'd and firm I'll be,

came up after some deep trenching. A field also, Since, Lord, 'tis mingled and reach'd out by thee.

which had previously little or no Dutch clover upon

it, was covered with it, after it had been much Since 'tis thy sentence I should part

trampled upon, and fed down by horses ; and, it is With the most precious treasure of my heart,

supposed, that if a pine-forest in America were to be

cut down, and the ground cultivated, and afterwards I freely that and more resign;

allowed to return to a state of nature, it would proMy heart itself, as its delight, is thine ;

duce plants quite different from those by which it had My little all I give to thee

been previously occupied. If earth is brought to the Thou gav'st a greater gift, thy Son, to me.

surface from the lowest depths at which it is found,

some vegetable matter will spring from it. I have He left true bliss and joys above,

always considered this as one of the many surprising Himself he emptied of all good but love ;

instances of the power and bounty of Almighty God, For me he freely did forsake

who has thus literally filled the earth with his goodMore good than he from me can ever take;

ness, by storing up a deposit of useful seeds in its

depths, where they must have lain through a succesA mortal life for a divine

sion of ages, ready to be brought into action. Some He took, and did at last even that resign.

earth was brought up from a depth of 360 feet, in

boring for water, and was covered with a hand-glass Take all, great God, I will not grieve,

to prevent the possibility of any other seeds being But still will wish that I had still to give.

deposited upon it, yet in a short time plants vegetated I hear thy voice, thou bid'st me quit

from it. ---Jesse's Gleanings. My paradise, I bless and do submit;

Swedish Church.—On the principal fountain, opI will not murmur at thy word,

posite to one of the first churches at Göttenburgh, is Nor beg thy angel to sheathe up his sword.

the following, in gilded letters:-
John NORRIS : 1711.

Nar dig becamlig forst
Till jordiskt wuiten drifvet,

Lat sjalen njuta det

Som lifsens kalla gifrer;

De ena har du har,

Sok templet underrist Give to the winds thy fears;

Hur du det andra far. Hope, and be undismayed :

Which may be thus translated :God hears thy sighs, and counts thy tears ;

“When your bodily thirst drives you to seek for earthly water,

let, at the same time, your soul drink of that happiness which God shall lift up thy head.

the spring of life gives. The first you have here, and, after you

have partaken of it, seek the temple which you see before Through waves, through clouds and storms,

you, and there you may learn how to obtain the second."

Rae Wilson's Travels in Norway, Sweden, fc. He gently clears thy way; Wait thou his time; so shall the night

CHRISTIAN EQUANIMITY.—As oft as I hear the Soon end in joyous day.

robin-redbreast chant it as cheerfully in September,

the beginning of winter, as in March, the approach of He every where hath way,

the summer, why should not we (think 1) give as And all things serve his might;

cheerful entertainment to the hoary frosty hairs of His every act pure blessing is,

our age's winter as to the primroses of our youth's

spring? Why not to the declining sun in adversity, His path unsullied light.

as (like Persians) to the rising sun of prosperity? I When He makes bare his arm,

am sent to the ant to learn industry; to the dove to

learn innocency; to the serpent to learn wisdom; and What shall his work withstand ?

why not to this bird to learn equanimity and patience, When He his people's causc defends,

and to keep the same tenour of my mind's quietness, Who, who shall stay his hand ?

as well at the approach of calamity's winter as of the MORAVIAX. spring of happiness? And, since the Roman's con

stancy is so commended, who changed not his counte

nance with his changed fortunes, why should not I, Miscellaneous

with a Christian resolution, hold a steady course in all GRATITUDE TO GOD FOR HIS WORKS.-It has been

weathers, and though I be forced with cross-winds, well remarked, that“ amongst the many acts of grati

and my sails catch at side-winds, yet skilfully to steer, tude we owe to God, it may be accounted one, to study

and keep on my course, till I arrive at the haven of and contemplate the perfections and beauties of his

eternal happiness.- Warwick's Spare Minutes. works of creation ; and that every new discovery must necessarily raise in us a fresh sense of the greatness,

LONDON :- Published by JAMES BURNS, 17 Portman Street, wisdom, and power of God.” Few things appear to Portman Square; W.EDWARDS, 12 Ave-Maria Lane, St. Paul's; me more curious than the fact, that the seeds of and to be procured, by order, of all Booksellers in Town and various plants and flowers, which have lain in the Country. ground for ages, have, either by being exposed to the air, been enabled to vegetate, or have been brought into action by the application of some manure agreeable to their nature. This was shewn in trenching for ROBSON, LEVEY, AND FRANKLYN, 46 ST. MARTIN'S LANE.


[merged small][graphic][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

of truth, and superstition supplied the place THE GOSPEL TO BE PREACHED TO THE

of devotion. Professed instructors took little IRISH IN THEIR OWN LANGUAGE.

pains in teaching, when their disciples had On the day when the Holy Ghost descended little facilities in learning; and therefore, on the assembled apostles at Jerusalem to when the blind were leaders of the blind, is fit them for their arduous charge, as en- it any marvel that both fell into the ditch ? trusted by their divine Master, of preaching of this systematic cloking of the Gospel the the Gospel to every creature, a knowledge of Romish Church is more or less guilty, even different languages was miraculously coin- to the present day. municated to them. And the strangers of At the Reformation, it was one of the every nation whom they then addressed, main principles of the excellent men whom Parthians, and Medes, and Elamites, Jews God then raised up, that the candle of the and proselytes, Cretes and Arabians, to their Lord must be uncovered. Accordingly the utter amazement, heard, each man in his own Bible was, both in this country, and on the tongue, those unlearned Galileans speak of continent, translated into the vernacular lanthe wonderful works of God. That day guages; the Latin service was abolished ; and was a pattern and a pledge to the Church of the truth was preached plainly and freely her future course. She was to go forth to the people. Wherever the influence of through the world, bearing in her hands the the Reformation reached, it was again the word of life. It was to be proclaimed with fact, that men heard in their own tongue the utmost plainness of speech. It was to the wonderful works of God. This principle be held up on high, like a candle which no was strenuously acted on by the Church of man, when he has lighted, puts under a England. It is embodied in her articles, it bushel, but rather on a candlestick, that is maintained at length in her homilies. those around may be benefited by the light. It is therefore in strictest accordance with Any neglect on this point would be a grievous the authorised opinions of our Church, that sin. It would be the sin of those Jews, who I call the attention of the readers of this took away the key of knowledge; who enter- Magazine to a subject which has been hereed not in themselves, and hindered those tofore dwelt on in its pages. Many of those that were entering. It would be the worst who peruse these lines will perceive that I form of that unfaithful servant's fault, who hid allude to the case of our poor Irish brethren, his Lord's money in a napkin in the earth. among whom there are as yet but few minis

Yet, in process of time, this sin was com- ters qualified to address them in their native mitted. The sacred Scriptures were very language. I shall state in this paper a few generally locked up in an unknown language; facts to shew the necessity of some steps and the prayers of the Church, and the being taken to supply the want of Irishsacraments, were ministered “in a tongue speaking preachers; and I shall then urge not understanded of the people.” The conse- on those, to whom God has given the means, quence was, that ignorance prevailed instead the duty of exertion in this cause, VOL. II.-NO, XLVIII.


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