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sooner than we think, when it shall be said, Where is mighty shall display himself in majesty and glory-of now the Church of England ?"
joining in the grateful adoration of those, who cease * The time, indeed, shall never be when a true 'not day nor night in their unwearied service, but who, Church of God shall not be somewhere subsisting on through eternity, shall offer the homage of unfailing earth :" nay, the Scriptures distinctly declare, that the gratitude to Him who loved them, and washed them period shall arrive when this true Church shall enclose in lis blood.
T. within its pale the whole race of men who shall then tread the earth's surface. How strikingly are the per. petuity and extent of the kingdom of the Redeemer
LITURGICAL HINTS.-No. XX. set forth by the Psalmist ! “ His name shall endure Understandest thou what thou readest?"--Acts, viii. 30. for ever ; his name shall be continued as long as the
SECOND SUNDAY AFTER EASTER. sun ; and men shall be blessed in him; all nations
No original has been found of this COLLECT. It shall call him blessed.” Animating and encouraging was composed in 1549; and is one of that class which are such statements. They lead us to the contempla- were “substituted in the place of those which, contion of a day of infinitely more glorious light than taining either false or superstitious doctrines, were, has yet dawned upon the world ; to a state of peace
on this account, rejected." This Collect, like all the
others, consists of two principal members, the inrucaand security which has never yet been experienced on
tion and the petition. The invocation is as follows: earth the saints of God- that day when the Sun of
Almighty God, who hast given thine only Son to be Righteousness shall arise on all nations with healing unto us both a sacrifice for sin and also an ensample in his wings; when the Gentiles shall come to his of godly life." Here are two propositions, each of light, and kings to the brightness of his rising. We
which stands on a scriptural basis. God hath given should look forward with the eye of faith, convinced
his Son to be a sacrifice for sin : " He hath made
him to be sin for us, wlio knew no sin" (1 Cor. v. 21). that it will assuredly arrive, though our eyes may, “The Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all : ere then, be closed in the darkness of the sepulchre ; when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he and that, in the beautiful language of prophecy, "the shall see his seed” (Isaiah, liii. 6, 8, 10). God hath trees of the wood shall rejoice before the Lord," though
also given his Son to be our example: “Christ also our ears may not listen to their melody. It is not
suffered for us, leaving us an example, that we should
follow his steps" (1 Pet. ii. 21). The Collect theresimply our duty, but our privilege, to hasten that day:
fore goes on in the petition to pray for " even now we may discern its dawning, and exult at
we may always most thankfully receive that, his inthe cheering prospect that the Gospel of the grace of estimable benefit” (the first-named blessing of his saGod shall ultimately be proclaimed to all nations, who
crifice), " and also daily endeavour ourselves to follow shall cordially receive and obey the truth.
the blessed steps of bis most holy life." Here" Chris
tian holiness is represented as so inseparable from Ought not each individual to ask himself the solemn
Christian profession, that the example of the Requestion, What have 1 done for the furtherance of the
deemer himself is held out for his redeemed to imi. glory of the Redeemer, and the extension of his king
If we thankfully receive the inestimable benetit dom? What have I done to emancipate my fellow- of salvation through him who ‘was given to be unto sinners from the thraldom of Satan, the bondage of
us a sacrifice for sin,' no fairer proof can be required ignorance, and the darkness of heathen superstition ?
of the unfeigned sincerity of our thankfulness, than to
consider him also as. an ensample of godly life.' InWhat have I done to open, amidst the land of drought, deed, to contemplate great and good men, with a view a fountain, whence the weary and heavy-laden may to imitate them, has ever been the delight of virtuous refresh themselves ? May not the charge of luke- minds; and the higher the stamp of excellence which warmness be fairly brought against many, who bear the
marks the man, the more advantageous is the study of Christian name, with reference to this very subject ?
his character. We cannot aim too high. The higher
our aim, the higher our attainment. Upon this prinWhile we deplore the wretched state of the once
ciple is founded the apostle's exhortation, that we go flourishing Churches of Asia, and earnestly pray that on unto perfection. Not that we can reach absolute the light may never be withdrawn from our own, it is perfection ; but we are expected to reach that moral for us to remember that the debt of obligation lies or possible perfection, which consists in doing our
best to fulfil the law of God, and so to serve him in upon each one of us to do what in our power lies to
sincerity and truth,' that the meritorious perfection make known to the remotest corners of the habitable
of our Redeemer may be mercifully considered and world, that God has been pleased to provide a way of accepted as our own. We therefore endeavour, by escape for his rebellious creatures from merited con- Divine assistance, to imitate Jesus Christ in his obes demnation.
dience, and in the exercise of those graces with which
it was attended.". Let us see to it, that our system of Whatever may be the glory of the Church of the Redeemer in the latter days, when the inountain of religion is made up of those two parts which this
Collect sets forth to our view ; a reliance upon Christ's the Lord's house shall be established in the top of the
expiatory death, and a diligent imitation of his example. mountains, when the heathen shall be given to Jesus God hath joined these together in his own word ; and for his inheritance, the uttermost parts of the earth
we cannot separate them in our religious systems or for a possession,-it shall be as nothing when com
our personal practice, without dishonouring his will
and his truth. pared with the glory of the ransomed Church above;
The Epistle is an exhortation to patience under that undecaying Church, without spot or wrinkle, in suffering, after the example of Christ. If we look at its which shall be included all who have found peace connexion with the foregoing context, we shall see with God, and conquered through the blood of the that it is particularly addressed to servants; who, it Lamb. How animating the descriptions of the Church
appears, at that time imagined that their Christian
liberty set them free from their unbelieving and cruel triumphant! the anticipation of being for ever with the Lord of worshipping, where the Lord God Al
• James on the Collects.
masters. The apostle corrects this mistake, and tells sheep who were "his sheep, though at that time living them, that if they were patient under their hardships, in abominable idolatries and iniquities, who were not while they suffered unjustly, and continued doing their of that fold' nor of the commonwealth of Israel ; but duty to their unbelieving masters, this would be ac- in due time, through the ransom he was about to pay ceptable to God, and he would recompense those who for them, "he would, by his word and Spirit, bring suffered unjustly out of regard to him. To be patient them forth, cause them to hear his voice, take them under deserved chastisement, argues the apostle, de- under his care, and unite them with the Jewish conserves no praise ; but patient endurance in well-doing verts under him, the one Shepherd and Overseer of under suffering, this is acceptable with God. Chris- their souls."* tians are called expressly so to suffer, from the example of Christ, who, for our sake, endured the most
The Cabinet. unjust sufferings ; and intended that we should fol. low his steps, by “suffering with him.” We have
APOSTOLICAL SUCCESSION.- The universal consent sinned, and deserve to have suffering sent upon us ;
of the Church being proved, there is as great reason but Christ "did no sin," wrought no iniquity of any
to believe the apostolical succession of the ministry sort whatever ; " neither was guile found in his
to be of Divine institution as the canon of Scripmouth;" his words, as well as actions, were irre- ture, or the observance of the Lord's day.-- Bp. Stilproachable. “When he was reviled, he reviled not
lingfleet. again;" he did not answer the blasphemy of his ene- SEARCH TILE SCRIPTURES.--Go to, now, most dear inies by blasphemy, but was a sheep before her shearers reader, and sit thee down at the Lord's feet, and read is dumb, so he opened not his mouth.” Even “when his word; as Moses teacheth the Jews, take them he suffered" positive violence from their hands, he into thine heart, and let thy talking and communica" threatened not,” but entrusted himself and his cause tion be of them when thou sittest in thine house, or to Him who would avenge him, and who has said, goest by the way, when thou liest down, and when "vengeance is mine, I will repay.” Nay, Christ did thou risest up. And above all things, fashion thy life much more than endure evil words and violence; lie and conversation according to the doctrine of the "his own self bare our sins in his own body on the Holy Ghost therein, that thou mayest be partaker of tree;" in his own person sustained the weight of the the good promises of God in the Bible, and be happy guilt of our sins, on an ignominious cross of wood; of his blessing in Christ; in whom if thou put thy " that we being dead unto sin might live unto right- trust, and be an unfeigned reader of his word with eousness ;" giving us an emblem and a motive for thine heart, thou shalt find sweetness therein, and spy the mortification of sin, and the living unto God; "by wondrous things, to thine understanding, to the avoidwhose stripes ye were healed;" whose deadly wounds ing all seditious sects, to the abhorring thine own at his crucifixion have been the means of healing our sinful life, and to the establishing of thy godly converwound of sin, the bite of the old serpent. “For ye sation. ---Bp. Miles Coverdale. were" by nature as “ sheep going astray," wandering Religious Gossip is quite as bad as any other. It from the fold of God, and therefore from happiness;
can be by no means edifying to be perpetually discus"but are now returned" from your sinful wanderings sing the spiritual state of others, and giving our opiunto Christ“the good Shepherd" and Overseer of your nion on their progress. We can scarcely indulge in souls.
any such comments without being in some degree In the Gospel Christ declares himself to be “the
censorious and it would always do us much more good good Shepherd." Now he was and is the good Shep- quietly to examine our own hearts, than to interfere herd eminently and exclusively; from him all pious with the conduct or consciences of those around us.--and useful rulers and teachers derive their authority Mrs. John Sandford. and ability; liim they represent, as their principal ; and resemble, in proportion to their fidelity, 'dili
INGRATITUDE.---Ingratitude is a vice odious to man, gence, love, and zeal; but compared with hiin, they
and highly offensive to God. To what cause, then, are mean, defective, contracted, and defiled; and their
must it be attributed? The solution of this problem goodness is not only derived, but scanty and even as
will be found in the pride and corruption of the human nothing.. Yet great and good, just and holy as he is, heart.- Mary Jane Nr Kenzie. he saw his sheep about to perish in their wanderings
THE MEANS OF ASCERTAINING WIIETHER WE ARE from God; and, in order to expiate their guilt, and to TRUE BELIEVERS.-A tree is known by its fruit; the ransom them from destruction, he not only endured workman is known by his work. Whosoever, then, hardship or encountered danger, but he laid down his shews these works, and brings forth these fruits, hath life for them and in their stead. According to this an infallible argument, that the Spirit of God, the example, his faithful servants, constrained by love to carnest of his salvation, dwells in his heart; that his him and to his ransomed Hock, are ready to venture faith is a true, saving faith ; that his believing is no and suffer for their benefit. On the contrary, the presumption, no false conceit, no delusion of the devil, hireling, to whom the ministry is a mere lucrativo but the true and certain motion of God's own Spirit. trade, not having any real regard to the welfare of the The rising of the sun is known by the shining beams; Hock (being like a hireling shepherd, who regards the fire is known by its burning; the life of the body nothing except his wages), will flee away to secure is known by its moving. Even so certainly is the himself when danger arises, and will leave the people presence of God's Spirit known by the shining light to be misled by seducers, or destroyed by persecutors,
of a holy conversation. Even so certainly the purging without giving himself any concern about them. tire of grace is known by the burning real against sin, In contrast with sucli, our Lord again
avows liim- and a fervent desire to keep God's commandments. self to be the good Shepherd, who knows his sheep,' Even so certainly the life and liveliness of faith is distinguishes them from all others, knows their dan- known by the good motions of the heart, by the begers, difficulties, enemies, weakness, and wants : and stirring of all the powers both of soul and body to do they know him by faith and experience :' they are so
whatsoever God wills us to be doing, as soon as we acquainted with his perfections and offices, that they once know he would have us do it. He that hath trust in, love, submit to, and obey him. This mutual this evidence hath a bulwark against despair, and knowledge of, and acquiescence in, cach other, re- may dare the devil to his face. He that hath this sembles the knowledge which the Father hath of the hath the broad seal of eternal life; and such a man Son, and the Son of the Father; and in consequence shall live for ever.-Joseph Mede. of his knowledge and love of them, he was determined to lay down his life for them." But he had yet other
• Rev. T. Scott's Commentary.
To call in vain on me!
Through paths of vanity.
Was early ripe to ill;
And yet He called me still.
When death was full in view ;
And rose to sin anew.
As I have heard of old,
His wanderer to the fold.
And answerest every prayer!
But snatch me from despair.
and mortal; and generate an indifference to it, by providing, in penances, indulgences, and purgatorial sufferings, certain “refuges of lies," by which its eternal consequences may be evaded, and commuted for a penalty far less tremendous. They neutralise the supreme influence of the love of God in Christ, which is the only essential principle of holiness, by fixing our hopes on other mediators, and putting our own duties, or forms and outward observances, in the place of the Saviour. They cherish self-righteousness; they tolerate sin; they superseile true holiness and the consecration of the heart to God. And the natural fruits of such a system were abundantly exhibited in the general state of morals at the period immediately preceding the Reformation, at a time when the system itself had attained its highest stature, and had liberty to expatiate in the fullest and most unrestrained development of its character. Through all ranks, both of the clergy and the people, the polluting intiuences of a secularised religion had generated every kind and degree of impiety and gross wickedness; so that the demand for a reformation of manners was heard even from those whose conduct had contributed more or less to promote the evil, but who yet felt the danger from it, and the necessity of a speedy remedy.- Professor Scholefield.
Make His Patus STRAIGHT, OR LEVEL. Matthew, iii. 3.- This is in allusion to the custom which eastern monarchs had of sending messengers to announce their approach, and to prepare the way before them, whenever they entered upon a journey or expedition. Roads in those days were far from being either numerous or good; and therefore these messengers or forerunners were of great use, particularly in desert and unfrequented places, by opening the passes, levelling the ways, and removing all impediments. Hence John the Baptist is called the messenger or forerunner of Christ.
Dying COUNSEL. -Sir Walter Raleigh, equally celebrated for valour, genius, and learning, addressed his wife, in the view of approaching dissolution, in the following pious strain :-“ Love God, and begin betimes. In him you shall find true, everlasting, and endless comfort. When you have travelled, and wearied yourself with all sorts of worldly cogitations, you
shall sit down by sorrow in the end. Teach your son, also, to serve and fear God whilst he is young, that the fear of God may grow up in him ; then will God be a Husband to you, and a father to him,-a Husband and Father that can never be taken from you."
NON-EXISTENCE or MATTER. -Whatever purpose was intended to be served by such a tenet, surely its real consequences must be detrimental to the cause of Christianity. If all about us is mere mockery and illusion, the very foundations of all evidence, all faith, and all practice, are undermined ; nor will it be possible to determine which position most contradicts my senses, or offers most violence to my conceptions,-that which avers the non-existence of matter, or that which maintains the transubstantiation of it in the holy sacrament.—Hawkins's Bampt. Lect.
ON A FAIR HOUSE HAVING A BAD
PASSAGE TO IT. A House to which the builders did impart The full perfection of their curious art, Most bravely furnish'd, in whose rooms did lie Foot-cloths of velvet and of tapestry, I wonder'd at (as, who could not but do it?) To see so rough, so hard a passage to it:So, Lord, I know thy heaven's a glorious place, Wherein the beauty of thy glistering face Inlightens all ; thou in the walls dost fix The jasper and the purest sardonyx ; Thy gates are pearls, and every door beset With sapphires, emeralds, and the chrysolet : Each subject wears a crown; the which he brings And casts it down to thee, the King of kings. But why's the way so thorny? 'tis great pity The passage is no wider to thy city ; Poor Daniel through his den; and Shadrach's driven, With his associates, through the fire, to heaven : But yet we can't complain : we may recall The time to mind when there wag none at all. 'Twas Christ that made this way; and shall we be, Who are his servants, far more nice than he ?
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Miscellaneous. CHARACTER AND CONSEQUENCES OF THE DOCTRINES of PoPERY.-How destructive to holiness are these doctrines! They lower the standard of duty, by divesting it of its spiritual character: they cover over the loathsomeness of sin, by nice distinctions between venial
• One of the pocts of James the First's reign.
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of God, to impress the mind with the affectCHRISTIAN CONVERSION.
ing truth, that such a deliverance is actually BY THE Rev. E. Jacob, D.D.
to be effected by the “ conversion of the Vice-President of King's College, Fredericton, New Bruns- sinner from the error of his way." Need I
wick; and late Pellow of Corpus Christi College, Oxford. then say, that, according to the plainest stateAmong the causes which the celebrated his- ments of Jesus Christ and his apostles, every torian of the “ Decline and Fall of the Ro- man who lives in this world is destined also man Empire” has thought fit to assign for to live in another and an eternal state ? We the rapid and extensive propagation of Chris- have not here the fables of a Pluto and a tianity in the world, “the doctrine of a future Rhadamanthus; we have not the ingenious life, improved by every additional circum- conjectures of a Pythagoras or a Plato; we stance which could give weight and efficacy have not the dubious anticipations of a Cato, to that important truth," justly occupies a a Cicero, or a Tacitus: but we have the sodistinguished place. " When the promise of lemn declaration of one who raised others, eternal happiness," says Mr. Gibbon, “ and himself triumphantly arose from the proposed to mankind, on condition of adopt-dead, that “the hour is coming in which all ing the faith, and of observing the precepts that are in the graves will hear his voice, and of the Gospel, it is no wonder that so advan- shall come forth;" and we have the clearest tageous an offer should have been accepted testimonies of those who were witnesses of by great numbers of every religion, of every his resurrection, that " it is he who is orrank, and of every province of the Roman dained of God to be the judge of quick and empire."
dead.” As little necessity can there be to It was indeed “ no wonder ;" and I know assert that “the sinner,” living and persenot if this reason alone, supposing only (what vering in sin, has no hope of the happiness the historian himself professes to admit) the of the life to come. The same voice which revelation itself satisfactorily attested, were declared the final revivification of all men, not adequate to the mighty effect. The only proclaimed the purpose for which they will wonder is, that a religion capable of such a “ come forth;" the same witnesses who atprogress should ever cease to proceed—that tested the resurrection of their Lord, anany of those whom it had once reached should nounced, that when he shall “ come to be cease for a day to be powerfully affected by glorified in his saints,” the wicked shall “ be it-that an individual, professing himself a punished with everlasting destruction." believer in Christianity, should be contented Nor can there be much occasion to dwell to remain at rest, while there remains “ on the well-known doctrine of the Gospel, soul" which may be “saved from death." that “the sinner" who is “ converted from
It is not my intention, however, to account the error of his ways” shall be “ saved”— for the apathy or inactivity sometimes to be preserved from that tremendous doom, and observed; but merely to offer a few plain admitted into paradise. The whole volume considerations, calculated, I trust, by the help of the New Testament is fraught with testi
VOL. II.-NO, XLVII.
monies to this consoling truth ; all sects and professors of the purest form of our religion, parties of Christians acknowledge and believe Instead of " loving God with all the heart, it; and the danger would now seem to be, and mind, and soul,” he will find many who not so much, lest any, like some of the early appear almost utterly regardless of the Divine Christians, should pronounce great and noto- Being, carelessly profaning his name or his rious apostates incapable of recovery, as day, seldom if ever studying his word, and lest men of a totally different character, living as if they had well-nigh “ said in their forming too slight notions of the repentance hearts, There is no God.” Instead of " loving which is requisite, and indulging too vague their neighbour as themselves," he will find and general a persuasion of the placability of them almost indifferent to the welfare of the Divine nature, should " cry peace, where others, unless they can be made subservient there is no peace, and strengthen the hands to their own advancement, interest, or pleaof the wicked by promising him life.” sure; perhaps positively indulging in envy,
The questions, therefore, which appear to or malice, or revenge, or uncharitableness ; be of most importance to ourselves are these : perhaps acting the tempter's part, and allurIlho is the sinner needing to be “converted from ing to evil rather than seeking their good. the error of his way?” and What is that con- Instead of “ poverty of spirit,” “ mourning" version which shall save his soul from death? for the sins and miseries that overspread the The reply to the first of these questions will world," meekness" under injury and vexaoccupy the remainder of the present paper. tion, a hunger and thirst after righteous
Now, in search of the character that needs ness" rather than all secular advantages, conversion, it is quite unnecessary to go that "purity of heart” which qualifies for among men who have never yet heard the the sight of God, and readiness to suffer “ for Gospel, or to whom it may have been de- righteousness' sake,” which ascertains the fectively or corruptly imparted. Both these title to “ the kingdom of heaven;"—instead classes of mankind are, indeed, proper objects of these Christian tempers and dispositions, of Christian compassion, and of missionary he will find too, too great a preponderance of exertion; not as if "the Judge of all the the very reverse of them all. In childhood, earth” could “do" otherwise than "right;" not he will find the inclination strongly set toas if, at the great day of account, the maxim of wards that which is evil; in youth, the pasChrist could be disregarded, “Of every man sions headstrong and impetuous, threatening it shall be required according to that which to overleap all bounds, and carry their unhe hath" received: but for this reason, that happy victim to precipitate destruction; in the happiness of a rational being requires maturer years, the love of this world grown certain moral qualities; and that they, who indeed mature, while regard for another seems have not learnt to live according to God's hardly yet to have taken root; and in old holy will, cannot be prepared for the enjoy- age, when hoary hairs should at least remind ment of his presence. On this ground, per- men that their day is far spent, and that they fectly justifiable has been the zeal of a have but a little time remaining to prepare Swartz or a Martyn in one hemisphere, to meet their God, he will find them caring and of an Elliott or a Brainerd in another, for every thing, talking of every thing, busy who have made the conversion of the heathen about every thing, rather than that, their the prime object of their labours ; nor are near-approaching, and most awful account. those pious missionaries or societies worthy It is impossible for me to enter at length of any thing but commendation and encou- into particulars ; for, as the great master of ragement, whose labours are directed to the ancient reason has observed, sin and error are same object which the Divine will proposes infinite; but if we look at the characters who to itself — that “all men” may “be saved, surround us in life, perhaps I should rather and may come to the knowledge of the say, if we reflect upon ourselves, we shall truth.” But sin and sinners, alas ! are nearer be at no loss to discover “ the sinner" who home. They are found under the clearest needs to be “converted from the error of his light, the most abundant means of Christian way.” Every one requires such a converknowledge. Let any man take up the tension, who does not live as if he believed the commandments ; let him take the two great word of God; who does not lead that “soprecepts of supreme love to God and equal ber, righteous, and godly life," which would love to our neighbour, which contain the sub- shew that he entertains a serious and constance of these commandments; or let him stant expectation of a judgment to come ; take our blessed Lord's spiritual exposition who does not, in a word, spend this day as of his Father's law, as it is contained in the if he might to-morrow “
appear before the sermon on the mount,—let any one, I say, judgment-seat of Christ.” take these for his rule, and he will find trans
[To be concluded in a future Number.] gressors almost without number among the