Obrazy na stronie
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places in his Church. For the necessity of increasing All this time, except some little intermissions disease forcing me to bethink of a transportation, the and breathing times, did the Lord still exercise me purpose of my mind was to another church un- with inward temptations. O, wliat a vicissitude of planted, in the south, some eight miles from Edin- estates! () what a variety of combats ! It were teburgh ; but the Lord still continued his calling, and dious here to set them down all, as they were done drew me another way northwarıi. For, at the same and fought : but this I must say, the end of every one time, there intervented a general assembly of the of them were unspeakable joy. And once for all, in Church at Perth : there was I nominated; and, with greatest extremity of horror and anguish of spirit, consent of the assembly and people, was I written for, when I had utterly given over, and looked for nothing to that ministry; as the letters of both, sent me out but confusion, suddenly did there shine (in the very of Perth, with my dear brother, Mr. Patrick Simson, twinkling of an eye, the bright and lightsome counyet extant, do bear. Thus did the Lord clear my way tenance of God, proclaiming peace and confirming before me, and lead me there, where I never thought peace with invincible reasons. ( what a change to have gone; yet, two or three days before, did the was there in a moment! The silly soul that was even Lord give me some signification of it; but I under- now at the brink of the pit, looking for nothing but to stood it not, till the event did teach me. l'or, in my be swallowed up, was instantly raised up to heaven, to thoughts in the night, there seemed a man to lead me have joyful fellowship with God in Christ Jesus; and by the land to a little pleasant city, in a plain valley from this day forth my soul was never troubled with on a river's side, having some banks lying at the such extremity of terrors. This confirmation was shere thereof (as indeed it had, the first time that given me on a Saturday in the morning ; there found after this I was brought to it: such a sight got l of I the power of religion, the certainty of the word ; it in that vision, as afterwards I saw with my eyes). there was I touched with such lively sense of a DiviHe led me a long time up and down the streets of pity, and power of the Godhead, in mercy reconciled that town, from one to another; at length carried me with man, and with me, in Christ, as I trust my soul over the water to a hill, and led me up unto it by shall never forget. Glory, glory, glory be to the joymany turnings and windings, from one earth to ful deliverer of my soul out of all adversities for ever! another, very near unto the top thereof. Then did In the midst of these wrestlings with God, all this I awake, my face looking to the south-west. This time, wanted I not combats with wicked men, like made such an impression in my mind, as after that I those beasts at Ephesus with whom St. Paul did could never get forgotten. Let no man here impute fight. All the time of my residence-years continued to me the superstition, either of Papists or Anabap- this battle: as one left off, another still renewing the tists; I know there is no revelation now of doctrine, battle; but the greatness of my inward conflicts made or new article of faith, to be sought out in dreams. me regard lightly all their outward contradictions, The Lord hath spoken once for all, now unto us by and I esteemed them but like the bitings of a flea. I his Son in the word ; but that the living Lord, who resolved with myself,—It was no marvel to see Satan sleeps not, can give warnings to the souls of his ser- stir up his wicked instruments to disquiet me, since I vants when their bodies are sleeping, no man ac- professed myself a disquieter of him and his kingquainted with his working, I trust, will deny it. dom. Yea, my comfort was, that I never had a con

After this three or four days (as I said), returned troversy with any one of them but for their sins. Mr. Patrick Simson from the general assembly at God knows, I loved their persons and estates: therePerth to Stirling, and delivered me letters from the fore did the Lord assist me; the power of his word assembly and the town, containing my calling to the hammering down their pride, they were all of them, ministry. The town shortly after sent their commis- by course, brought to the acknowledgment of their sins. sioners to transport myself and my family. There I But at length, as God turned the heart of Pharaoh continued doing the work of God, for the full space of and his people from the Israelites, when the time came nineteen years. How I did carry myself in my open that he would have them to remove out of Egypt; so, conversation, living among them, not as one separate by little and little, lid the zeal and love of the most from them, but mixed myself in all their fellowships, of this people, at least in my sense, fall away; so that as a comfort to the best, and a wound to the worst at last, my battle was not with such as were like the inclined sort, this age will not want loving witness to publicans and sinners, (for these, now, were turned record it. My diligence, in like manner, in the minis- my favourers and comforters) but with such as seemed try, not only on the ordinary days but on others, before justiciars, I mean unrebukable men for outward which I voluntarily chose, thrice a week in the even- offences. These men found I stuffed with such pride, ing; to wit, Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday (for a self-conceit, disdain, and intolerable contempt, as preparation to the Sabbathi); for these days they had carried them further from their duty than any of the no preaching in the morning. It would have done a former. Yea, such as above others should have been Christian heart good to have seen those glorious and my comforters, were my crossers; that I had cause to joyful assemblies; to have heard the zealous cryings say with Micah, “ the best of them are briars.” But to God among that people, with sighings and tears, I trust it repents them cre now: and therefore I pray melting hearts and mourning eyes. I speak the truth God not to lay it to their charge. I will have none in modesty, and not all the truth. It is not vain- of my words extended to that handful there, which glorying ; I abhor that: not I, but his grace in me. truly fear the Lord. Why shall it offend any man, that I eat the fruit of my Now, about this time God had opened to me a door, labour, and that my conscience this day enjoys the and called me to the charge of the churches in Gallocomfort of my former painfulness and fidelity ? My way, in the south-west part of this kingdom; for, being witness is in heaven, that the love of Jesus and his named with others, by the general assembly, of such people made continual preaching my pleasure ; and I as they thought meet to be preferred to the episcopal had no such joy as in doing his work. Some wit- dignity (whereof I ever acknowledged myself not wornesses also I want not to remain ; for albeit my charge thy), and recommended by the fathers of our Churchi, was to teach five times in the week, yet this was more, it was his majesty's pleasure to present me to that be. that I penned thereafter whatsoever I preached : nefice, due to the office whereunto the Church had whereof some are already extant; others, by God's

called me.

God knows that this was done without niy grace, if the Lord spare my days, shall come in their knowledge or seeking, directly or indirectly. For I time. And, in outward things what care I had, to see would have been contented all my days with a private the house of God there honoured, and the welfare of life ; resolved to give honour and obedience, in God, that people every way, there are monuments standing to such as were called to these places; after that it was to witness for me when I am dead.

once established by order in our Church, and I had

considered the lawfulness, antiquity, and necessity of it among us. Here was I neither guilty of ambition, nor of any precipitate embracing of it; for, hetween the date of his majesty's presentation and my acceptation, there intervened eighteen weeks.

Yet, as the calling to this work was greater than any other whereto I had been led before, so greatest opposition was there made unto me, by men whose lying libels, and carnal contradictions, forced me to spend more time unprofitably than I had done before, since my entry to the ministry. The Lord forgive them, and me also, where, in the manner of my answering, I have been sharper than became Christian meekness! For, as to the matter itself, unfeignedly, I followed my light. I esteem it a lawful, ancient, and necessary government: I see not, nor have not read of, any Church that wanted it, before our time; only the abuses of it, by pride, tyranny, and idleness, have brought it in misliking. From these evils, I pray the Lord preserve his servants, that now are, or hereafter shall be, called to those places! But there is no reason why a thing, good in itself, should be condemned or rejected for the evil of abuse; for so, no good thing at all should be retained in the Church. And in this calling, how I have walked, and what my care was to advance the Gospel there, I trust I shall not, nor yet do, want witnesses.

In this estate do I now live; my soul always in my hand, ready to be offered to my God. When or what kind of death God hath prepared for me, I know not; but sure I am, there can be no evil death to him that liveth in Christ, or sudden death to a Christian pil grim, who, as Job says, every day waits for his change. Yea, many a day have I sought it with tears; not out of impatience, distrust, or perturbation, but being weary of sin, and fearful to fall into it. Concerning those who have been my enemies without cause, and charged me with many wrongful imputations, from which my conscience clears me, excusing me of those things (love of gain and glory, or such like,) whereof they accused me; the Lord lay it not to their charge! I go to my Father, and wish his blessing to them, to rectify their judgments, and moderate their affections, with true piety, from faith and love.—Jan. 1, 1616.

Thus far the bishop. His editor proceeds:

This faithful servant of God, who, from the time of his entry into the ministry, had always shewed himself diligent and painful in his calling, notwithstanding that his sickness grew daily upon him, was no way deficient in his duties of ordinary preaching; taking great pains also to perfect his work upon the Revelation, which he had begun, and desired greatly to finish it before his dying. Besides which studies, the grief he received for the backwardness of unruly spirits, in giving obedience to the articles concluded in the late assembly, and ratified by authority (to the great disturbance of the peace of the Church, which he laboured carefully in all his life to procure), did hasten him not a little to his end: so as, in the beginning of January 1619, his infirmity increasing, he was compelled to keep at home, and not to go any more abroad. Yet, as his weakness did permit, he gave himself to revise his writings and dispose of his worldly affairs, that he might be ready for his passage, which every day he expected. And some ten days before his departure (having his mind freed of all earthly business), to those that visited him he manifested a great contentment he had in his approaching death. The Wednesday before, which was Feb. 10, the bishops and some other brethren, being assembled at Edinburgh for certain affairs of the Church, took occasion to meet at his house because of his sickness; which he took most kindly, and continued with them that whole afternoon, giving very wholesome advice in matters propounded, and shewing himself as pleasant and jocund in speech as ever before. Howbeit, even then he signified to them that his death was drawing car; and declared his mind, somewhat disposedly,

concerning his successor. The days following he kept, with all that came to visit him, in most holy and divine conferences, expressing a great willingness of exchanging this life with that better. And on Monday, which was the 15th of February, at one of the clock in the afternoon, feeling his strength and spirits to decay (after he had conceived a most heavenly prayer, in the company of those that were by him), he desired to be laid in bed (for the days before, he arose always, and either walked or sat in his chamber); which being done, after he had again commended himself most devoutly unto Almighty God, he took some quiet rest. After which, he spoke not many words; but those that he uttered shew his memory and other senses to have been perfect; his tongue only failing him and in this sort, about seven of the clock at night, he rendered his soul to God, in a most quiet and peaceable manner. His body, the 17th of February, was interred, according to his own direction, in the churchyard called the Blackfriars', at Edinburgh, in the south side of the New Church; and was conveyed to the place by the Earl of Dumfermline, chancellor, and the rest of the honourable lords of council, with the magistrates of the city, and many others; the funeral sermon being preached by the most reverend father in God, the Archbishop of St. Andrews.

The following meditation was written by the bishop, on the near prospect of death, Dec. 7, 1618 :-Now, my soul, be glad at all parts of this prison the Lord hath set to his pioneers to loose thec; head, feet, milt, and liver, are fast failing, yea, the middle strength of the whole body, the stomach, is weakened long ago. Arise, make ready, shake off thy fetters, mount up from the body, and go thy way.

Let me tell you that which I know, yea, foreknow, yet I after others have foretasted before you. Death is somewhat dreary, and the streams of that Jordan between us and our Canaan run furiously; but they stand still when the ark cometh. Let your anchor be cast within the veil, and fastened on the rock Jesus. Let the end of the threefold cord be buckled to the heart, so shall ye go through: what threads the cord is made of, I cannot now tarry to tell you: who knows? but if ye ask, God will teach you.

I saw not my children when they were in the womb; there the Lord fed them without my knowledge: I shall not see them when I go out of the body; yet shall they not want a Father.

THE CONVERSION OF ST. PAUL:
A Sermon,

BY THE REV. PHILIP JACOB, M.A.,
Prebendary of Winchester.*

1 TIM. i. 12-17.

"And I thank Christ Jesus our Lord, who hath enabled me, for that he counted me faithful, putting me into the ministry; who was before a blasphemer, and a persecutor, and injurious: but I obtained mercy, because I did it ignorantly in unbelief. And the grace of our Lord was exceeding abundant with faith and love which is in Christ Jesus. This is a faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners; of whom I am chief. Howbeit for this cause I obtained mercy, that in me first Jesus Christ might shew forth all longsuffering, for a pattern to them which should hereafter believe on him to life everlasting. Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise God, be honour and glory for ever and ever. Amen."

THERE must have been something peculiarly dangerous in the false teaching "of some at

Preached at St. Mary's, Oxford, before the Vice-Chancellor, &c., on the 25th January, 1837.

ous.

Ephesus," that they should have been the blasphemer, and persecutor, and injurious." objects of the deepest anxiety to the apostle, He was a blasphemer. “He did many things on his departure for Macedonia. No error in contrary to the name of Jesus Christ.He religion is innocent; but there are some un- reviled Christ; for he “compelled men to truths which, either from their absurdity, or blaspheme.” The true Messiah was not only from their manifest injury to morals, and from without form and comeliness and beauty in the resistance which they are therefore likely his eyes, but he was despised and rejected. to encounter, need not be considered peril. And what could be expected from a blas

But the false teaching in question was phemer of Christ, but that he should persecute not of this character: it affected either a the disciples of Christ. “He beyond meahigher standard of morality, or a surer me- sure persecuted the Church of Christ;" and thod of attaining perfection, than that taught further, breathing out threatenings and slaughby the apostle. The teachers assumed the ters, he made havoc of the Church, and wasted name not of presbyters, but teachers of the it. “He was injurious." He spared neither law: and as men are easily led astray by age nor sex; for he haled to prison both men names, too many were likely to be deceived and women. Nor was the strange city, or priby their vain pretensions.

vate dwelling, safe from his ravages. And this We need not be now taught that to teach evil work was not pursued in obedience to morals, though they be the pure morals of the imposed authority. He sought letters from Christian scheme, is not to moralise; much the high priests to empower him in the exeless is it to evangelise. How startling must cution of his persecuting zeal; and if he was it have been to these false teachers to be told not one of the Sanhedrim in the infliction of by apostolic lips, that to be teachers of the the sentence, he so consented to the deed of law was to be ignorant not only of the Gospel, them, that it became his own by deliberate but of the law also; a surprise equal to theirs, choice and approval. In the case of the first who, boasting that they were Moses' disci- martyr, Stephen (they are his own words), ples, were assured that the Moses in whom I was standing by and consenting to his they trusted would be their accuser. And as death" (Acts, xxii. 20). To put us, however, Moses witnessed to Christ, so did the law, into fuller possession of the state of his own properly understood, harmonise with the Gos- | mind when he was guilty of these acts of perpel. But so far from the teachers of the law secution, he informs us that he was acting being the exclusive moralists, all the prohi- ignorantly in unbelief-ignorantly, as opposed bitions of the law (and the law, strictly speak to malicious and designed hostility to God. ing, is only prohibitory) were in fact those of “ He thought that he ought to do many things the Gospel. The Gospel included the law: contrary to the name of Jesus Christ." His it did more, it established the law; it made sin was not the sin against the Holy Ghost, the law operative, by implanting the principle for which there is no forgiveness. When he of love, which is its essence, in the human seems to extenuate his sin, and assign a moheart. The law had no glory, by reason of tive for the Divine procedure towards him, it the glory of the Gospel. So transcendent | is in comparison with a more heinous offence. was the apostle's view “ of the glory that ex- It was a sin, only, not the sin of presumpcelleth," that to be a minister of the Gospel tion, or of infirmity, but of ignorance. was an honour which surpassed the power of as such he condemns it."* All unbelief is ige human conception. How beholden had he norant. But in the case of unbelievers, some himself been to its all-abounding grace! What are so blind as to be deceived by a false apa change had been wrought in his own feel. pearance of what is right; others, however, are ings and habits by its power! This appears so blinded, as not to be without a very large to be the connexion between the text and the degree of evil intention.

" I obtained mercy.foregoing verses. The subject before us, He felt that he deserved to be punished; for then, is the achievements of the Gospel, as mercy is extended to the guilty. His ignothey are illustrated in the conversion of St. rance was criminal. How could it become Paul, according to the testimony of the apostle his apology? himself. The words of the text point out- What a melancholy testimony to human I. The conversion of St. Paul.

depravity is here recorded! It is supplied II. The agency by which it was accom- not from the lowest grades of uneducated soplished.

ciety; it is not painted in the colours of exIII. The design of God in effecting it. aggerated description. We have before us no

I. The conversion of St. Paul. The history common mind, as regards either power of conof St. Paul's unconverted state, as it is given ception or tenderness of feeling, brutalised, in the text, is short, but awfully expressive. ferocious, inhuman. Alas! what evil may we “It is a climax of malignity."

“I was a

not expect from an ignorant unbeliever ?. The • Notes to Bloomfield's New Test.

• Bishop Sanderson, fol. 406.

“ And

annals of the Church will tell, in the names viction as a certain verity. Before he perseof many a saint written in letters of blood.cuted the faith, now “he preaches the faith And yet St. Paul had probably heard Christ which once he destroyed."" What things were himself preach, and his disciples. He cer- gain to him, these are as dross: he counted tainly bad heard the testimony, the dying all things but loss for the excellency of the words of St. Stephen. And while, in after knowledge of Christ Jesus his Lord, counting days, many who had cried “ To the lions with them but dung, so that he might win Christ, the Christians!” struck by their noble bearing and be found in him.” Right views of the in the article of death, relented, pitied, be- Lord Jesus Christ, of his person, work, and lieved ; after many such spectacles, Saul was grace, form the Christian character, and dehard and inflexible. What shall we say of cide for heaven. Christ in the heart is the the heart which can resist such evidences of hope of glory. That that sacred name should the truth ? And yet such is the heart of man! be found reiterated no less than five hundred This resistance is ascribed to ignorance and times in only a small portion of the New unbelief. These terms, being negations, can- Testament, leads us at once to the inference, not, properly speaking, be motives of actions. that true faith in him is essential to the very They imply, however, that the apostle was life, peace, and holiness of man. “What think left open to those false views of human na- ye of Christ ?" therefore, becomes a question ture, of the world, and of happiness, which are of the most tremendous consequence. Upon natural to us. Prejudice had overlaid the text it the eternal destiny of a creature may be of the Old Testament with an incrustation of said to hang. And we observe also, that the false interpretation and superstitious tradi- apostle's faith was joined with and worked by tion, so that the divine word was scarcely disa "love.” If in nature to see beauty is necescernible. And when we speak of “ unbelief" sarily to admire, in grace to believe in Christ in Christ Jesus, what moral darkness does that is to love him. To believe in Christ becomes word imply! What is the Bible to the man at once the inlet of affection. Let us contrast who beholds not the Lord Jesus, who is the this love with that which formerly occupied alpha and omega, who is the beginning and its place in the apostle's heart. If faith workthe end ? Ignorance and unbelief, therefore, eth by love, unbelief worketh by hatred. (such is our depraved nature) allow of men There is a natural benevolence in the heart; becoming, in a certain sense, sincere blas- but, constituted as the world is, in the absence phemers, honest persecutors, conscientious in- of Christian faith, the barrier which natural jurers! If, however, we learn a lesson of benevolence opposes to selfishness is soon human depravity, surely we learn also the broken down. Natural benevolence indeed necessity of not resting in educational notions lies dormant till it is awakened by the voice of apparent rectitude, without testing them of the Gospel. Philosophy, as well as superby the letter and spirit of God's word ; the stition, is found in the ranks of deadly oppo. conviction of the need of divine teaching sition to Christ and his disciples. The apostle prompting the prayer, “ Open thou my eyes, speaks of " love in Christ Jesus," i. e. of that I may behold the wonders out of thy law." which he was the object, and his disciples for Such a prayer, it seems, had never ascended his sake, in opposition to his former character to God from the apostle's heart in his uncon- of persecutor and injurious. He had a zeal verted state; it was only in the hours of for God; but love was not one of its elebodily darkness with which he was smitten by

It has justly been remarked, “ Lore the light from heaven, that he first learnt his to God is wont to devote itself rather than its need of divine illumination, and it was said of neighbour, to sacrifice its own lust and pride him by the Lord himself, “ Behold! he pray- on the altar of Christ, rather than the liberty eth." But our mind does not rest here. We and good of another on the altar of vanity.” are called to mark a conversion as decided in The love which the apostle now felt was its results, as it was wonderful in the cause Christian, divine; it was not merely a revival which produced it. We behold Saul a be- of natural benevolence; for in the history of lierer in Christ, with a heart constrained by natural affection we have no such traces of the love of the Saviour ; a humble-minded, love as we discern in the apostle.

* What devout Christian. He believed in Christ Jesus. mean ye to weep and to break my heart?" he “ He that hath the Son hath life.” “This is could exclaim; “I am ready not only to be life eternal, to know God, and Jesus Christ bound, but to die for the sake of the Lord whom he hath sent.” He that believeth not | Jesus.” And I will very gladly spend and shall be damned. We perceive at once what be spent for you; though the more abundan entire change of character this one idea antly I love you, the less I be loved.” What implies. Once he resisted, with his whole can exceed this love? Is it not a reflection soul, the thought that Jesus of Nazareth was from the beams of Christ's love to his own the Messiah ; now he entertains the con- soul ? Such was the apostle's love to his Sa

ments.

viour and to his disciples. His faith worked | penitent woman at the feet of Christ illusby love; and as, without faith, love cannot trates this sentiment. Pardon, under no cirexist, so, without love, faith is a mere specu- cumstances, superinduces forgetfulness of sin. lation. Were it possible for all other virtues It was the humility which the knowledge of to exist without love, the soul of all, they Christ always imparts, which wrought the utwould be “sounding brass, tinkling cymbals.” terance of the apostle in the text, “Sinners, “If any man love not the Lord Jesus Christ, of whom I am chief.” In truth, self-esteem is let him be anathema." " He that loveth not, unjust in man. God requires nothing at variknoweth not God, for God is love." We ance with truth, and yet he will have no flesh observe also, a spirit of profound humility glory in his presence. Right views of God was a feature in the apostle's character in his are very humbling. Of all beings, the angels converted state. The character of a Pharisee are at once the purest and the most lowly. was one of self-righteous complacency: he Hence we always find in the Bible that the holiconsidered himself the very favourite of Hea- est believer, the man who more than others enven ; and many a foolish saying of the Phari- joyed the presence of God, and witnessed the see is on record, implying a most overweening divine glory, was the most profoundly abased estimate of self-importance. Such was Saul. before God. Witness the expression of Isaiah How very far was he, therefore, from the spi- when he saw the Lord sitting upon a throne, ritual sensations of a broken heart! But in and heard the seraphim, “Woe is me, because his converted state, humility is the atmosphere I am a man of unclean lips;" and that of Job, in which all his thoughts seem to breathe. I“ I have heard of thee by the hearing of the pass over the intimation of humility in the ear, but now mine eye seeth thee, wherefore I terms lie“ counted me faithful,” upon which abhor myself, and repent in dust and ashes." Chrysostom observes," he appropriates not if Job, and Isaiah, and St. Paul, thus spoke of to himself the glory of God," quoting similar themselves, what is the estimate which we expressions of St. Paul's self-renunciation; shall form of our own characters ? and I pause at the very remarkable expres

II. But it is natural to ask,

by what

agency sion, Sinners, of whom I am chief." He was this conversion effected ? what influence pronounces himself the chief of sinners, be availed to overcome such prejudice and uncause, as Chrysostom explains it, “in refer- belief, and to implant the heavenly virtues of ence to that righteousness, which is God's faith and love? Humanly speaking, nothing workmanship, and which is really sought, even was less probable than the conversion of those who were apparently just according to Saul. The brethren were slow to believe the the law, are sinners. For all have sinned, fact. Was it moral suasion? Doubtless it and come short of the glory of God.” He was nothing contrary to reason. Was it hucontinues-"As that man who possesses

much man policy? ambition? worldly good ? St. wealth seems by himself indeed to be rich, but Paul himself resolves the question, “ the grace when compared with royal treasures to be of our Lord was exceeding abundant.” It very poor, and even the rery poorest; so also in was effected by the Holy Spirit acting upon this place, when men, and even the righteous, his soul in a very gracious manner, both as to are contrasted with angels, they are found to the freeness and extent of his operations. be sinners.” The effect produced on the “ The wind bloweth where it listeth, and ye Queen of Sheba's mind when she beheld all hear the sound thereof, but cannot tell whence the glory of Solomon, " there was no spirit it cometh and whither it goeth; so is every left in her," is a kindred feeling to this of the one that is born of the Spirit.'

There are apostle's. Faith in Christ had taught him a diversities of operations, but the same Spirit. higher standard of duty than that by which | In how many various ways does divine Prohe had formerly concluded, " that touching vidence concur with the Spirit of his grace in the righteousness of the law he was blame- the conversion of a sinner? At one time less." He had beheld the divine perfections every event succeeds in the most natural in all their glory, and he was constrained to order. War arises between Syria and Israel ; pronounce himself the chief of sinners. “I a little maid is taken captive by Naaman's am chief,” not I was chief. He was a par- band ; she waits upon Naaman's wife; the doned sinner before God; but his pardon had infidel Naaman becomes a worshipper of the not been pronounced before men and angels. true God. A tumult arises in the streets of The pardon which is conveyed to the soul, Philippi; Paul and Silas are dragged before through faith, in God's ordinances, removes the magistrates, and thrust into prison; the indeed obligation to punishment, but does not jailer and his house are converted. In other take away the malignity of sin, or affect his cases, we have more or less disturbance of moral character as a sinner. The pardoned what would seem the natural course of Probeliever rather loathes himself the more on vidence. In the case just mentioned, the ocaccount of sin, because he is pardoned. The currence of the earthquake ; and, in St. Paul's

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