« PoprzedniaDalej »
fore the archbishop at Lambeth, and then a day was the altar ; namely, the whole estate of the same, though appointed for him to be examined by the archbishop some sort of men particularly shall not be fully perand certain other commissioners.
suaded therein. And if it come not so to pass, then Cranmer bad just been raised to the see of Canter- account me the vainest man that ever you heard speak bury. His opinions, as it is well known, were at this with tongue. Besides this, you say, that my death time those of the Romish Church on the doctrine of would be sorrowful and uncomfortable unto my friends ; the sacrament: yet he acted towards Frith with can- I grant that for a small time it would so be. But if I dour and moderation. He sent at the appointed time should so mollify, qualify, and temper my cause in one of his gentlemen, and a porter named Perlebeane, such sort as to deserve only to be kept in prison, that to convey the prisoner from the Tower to Croydon, would not only be a much longer grief unto me, but And as they were in a wherry on the Thames, proceed- also to my friends would breed no small disquietness ing first to Lambeth, the gentleman, pitying Frith’s both of body and mind. And therefore, all things condition, began to exhort him to yield a little to well and rightly pondered, my death in this cause authority, as thereby he might not only save himself, shall be better unto me, and all inine, than life in conbut have a better opportunity afterwards of spreading tinual bondage and penuries, And Almighty God his opinions. It were great pity, he urged, " that he knoweth what he hath to do with his poor servant, being of such singular knowledge both in the Latin whose cause I now defend, and not mine own; from and Greek, and both ready and ripe in all kind of the which I assuredly do intend, God willing, never to learning, and that, namely, as well in the Scrip!ures start, or otherwise to give place, so long as God will as in the ancient doctors, should now suddenly sutter give me life.” all those singular gifts to perish with him, with little This conversation passed, as before said, while they commodity or profit to the world, and less comfort to were on the water in their way to Lambeth. From his wife and children, and other his kinsfolks and Lambeth to Croydon they were to proceed on foot ; friends.”_" And as for the verity of your opinion in and as they went, the gentleman resolved to give the sacrament of the body and blood of our Saviour Frith the opportunity of making his escape. He ('hrist," continued the gentleman, " it is so untimely therefore sounded Perlebeane the porter, and finding opened here among us in England, that you shall that he was ready to agree, told him, that he had alrather do harm than good: wherefore be wise, and be ready devised an admirable plan. "You see," said ruled by good counsel, until a better opportunity may he, yonder hill before us, named Brixton Causeway,
This I am sure of, that my lord Cromwell two miles from London; there are great woods on and my lord of Canterbury, much favouring you, and both sides : when we come there, we will permit Frith knowing you to be an eloquent learned young man, to go into the woods on the left-hand side of the way, and now towards the felicity of your life, young in whereby he may convey himself int Kent among his years, old in knowledge, and of great forwardness and friends, for he is a Kentish man born; and when he likelihood to be a most profitable member for this is gone we will linger an hour or twain about the realm, will never permit you to sustain any open highway, until that it somewhat draw towards the shame, if you will somewhat be advised by their night. Then, in great haste, we will approach unto counsel: on the other side, if you stand stiff to your Streatham, which is a mile and a half off, and make opinion, it is not possible to save your life. For like an outcry in the town that our prisoner is broken from as you have good friends, so have you mortal foes and us into the woods on the right-hand, towards Wandsenemies." I most heartily thank you,” replied worth; so that we will draw as many as we may of the Frith, * both for your good will and for your counsel, town to search the country that way for our prisoner, by which I well perceive that you mind well unto me: declaring that we followed above a mile, or more, and howbeit my cause and conscience is such, that in no at length lost him in the woods, because we had no wise I either may or can, for any worldly respect, more company; and so we will, rather than fail, lie without danger of damnation, start aside and fly from out one night in searching for him, and send word the true knowledge and doctrine which I have con- from Streatham to my lord of Canterbury, at Croydon, ceived of the supper of the Lord, or the communion, in the evening, of the prisoner's escape, and to what otherwise called the sacrament of the altar. For if it coast he is fled. So that by the morning, if he have be my chance to be demanded what I think in that any good luck at all, he will provide for himself, that belief, I must needs say my knowledge and my con- the bishops shall fail of their purpose." "I assure science ..... though I should presently lose twenty you,” replied Perlebeane, “I like very well the device lives, if I had so many. And this you shall well un- herein; and therefore go ye to Frith, and declare what derstand, that I am not unfurnished, either of Scrip- we have devised for his delivery: for now we are tures, or ancient doctors, schoolmen, or other, for my almost at the place.” Then the gentleman, never defence; so that if I may be indifferently simpartially] doubting that the prisoner would gladly embrace the heard, I am sure that mine adversaries cannot justly offer of his liberty, called to him; “Now, master condemn me or mine assertion, but that they shall Frith, let us twain converse together , ..
you must condemn with me both St. Augustine, and the most consider that the journey which I have now taken in part of the old writers; yea, the very bishops of Rome, hand thus in bringing you to Croydon, as a sheep to of the oldest sort, shall also say for me, and defend my the slaughter, so grieveth me .... that I little pass cause.” “ Yea, marry,” said the gentleman,
what danger I fall in, so that I could find the means say well, if you might be indifferently heard. But to deliver you out of the lion's mouth. And yet yonI much doubt thereof; for that our master Christ was der good fellow and I have so devised a means whereby not indifferently heard, nor should be, as I think, it you may both easily escape from this great and immi. he were now present again in the world, specially in nent danger at hand, and we also be rid from any this your opinion, the same being so odious unto the vehement suspicion." As soon as Frith had heard the world, and we so far off from the true knowledge plan, he began to smile ; “ And is this the effect of thereof." Well, well,” rejoined Frith ; " I know your secret consultation thus long between you twain ? very well that this doctrine of the sacrament of the Surely, surely, you have lost a great deal more labour altar, which I hold, and have opened contrary to the in times past, and so are you like do this; for, if opinion of this realm, is very hard meat to be digested, you should both leave me here, and go to Croydon, both of the clergy and laity. But this I will say to declaring to the bishops that you had lost Fríth, I you," and then he solemnly took the gentleman by woulų surely follow after as fast as I might, and bring the hand, " that if you live but twenty years more, them news that I had found and brought Frith again. whatsoever become of me, you shall see this whole Do you think that I am afraid to declare my opinion realm of mine opinion concerning this sacrament of unto the bishops of England in a manifest truth?"
“You are a fond man,” cried the gentleman,“ thus to receive Christ's body and fruit of his passion, and is talk, as though your reasoning with them might do as sure of it as of the bread that he eateth. ..... The some good. But I do much marvel that you were so cause of my death is this—because I cannot in conwilling to fly the realm before you were taken, and science abjure and swear that our prelates' opinion of now so unwilling to save yourself." Marry," re- the sacrament (that is, that the substance of bread turned Frith, “ there was and is a great difference of and wine is verily changed into the flesh and blood escaping between the one and the other. Before, I of our Saviour Jesus Christ) is an undoubted article was indeed desirous to escape, because I was not of the faith, necessary to be believed under pain of attached, but at liberty, which liberty I would fain damnation. Now, though this opinion were indeed have enjoyed for the maintenance of my study beyond true (which thing they can neither prove true by the sea, where I was reader in the Greek tongue, ac- Scripture nor doctors), yet could I not in conscience cording to St. Paul's counsel. Howbeit, now being grant that it should be an article of the faith necestaken by the higher powers, and, as it were, by Al- sary to be believed. ..... The cause why I cannot mighty God's permission and providence delivered into believe their opinion of transmutation is this : first, the hands of the bishops, only for religion and doc- because I think verily that it is false, and can neither trine's sake, namely, such as in conscience, and under be proved by Scripture, nor faithful doctors, if they pain of damnation, I am bound to maintain and de- be well pondered. The second cause is this : because fend, if I should now start aside and run away, I should I will not bind the congregation of Christ (by mine run from my God, and from the testimony of his holy example) to admit any necessary article beside our word, worthy then of a thousand hells. And there's creed, and specially none such as cannot be proved fore, I most heartily thank you both for your good true by Scripture. And I say that the Church, as wills towards me, beseeching you to bring me where they call it, cannot compel us to receive any such was appointed to be brought; for else I will thitler articles to be of necessity under pain of damnation. all alone.” Such was the constancy of this noble The third cause is, because I dare not be so presumpmartyr ; such his devoted readiness, "not to be bound tuous in entering into God's judgment, as to make only, but also to die for the name of the Lord Jesus.”' the prelates in this point a necessary article of our
And then he walked on, contentedly and cheerfully, faith. For then I should. ...condemn all the Gerspending the time in godly and pleasant conversation mans. ....with infinite more, which indeed do not till they came to Croydon. The next day he appeared believe nor think that the substance of bread and before the bishops, and other commissioners. Gardi- wine is changed into the substance of Christ's natural ner, his old tutor, was one of them, and, instead of the body. And surely I cannot be so foolish hardy as to love and favour he had heretofore professed, shewed condemn such an infinite number for our prelates' against him now nothing but malice and tyranny. pleasures. Thus all the Germans. . . .both of Luther's Frith, however, defended his opinions with so much side and also of (Ecolampadius' do wholly approve spirit and wisdom, as to call forth the wonder and my matter. And surely I think there is no man that commendation of the archbishop of Canterbury, though hath a pure conscience, but he will think that I die unconvinced by his reasons.
righteously. For that this transubstantiation should It was not "Cranmer, however, who finally sat in be a necessary article of the faith, I think no man judgment upon Frith. For on the 23d of June, 153:3, can say it with a good conscience, although it were not long after the examination at Croydon, he was true indeed.
By me, Join FRUT IT." brought to his final trial at St. Paul's, before the When the prisoner could not be persuaded to reBishops of London, Winchester, and Lincoln. Of the cant, the Bishop of London, Stokesley, pronounced iniquitous proceedings on this occasion he has him- his sentence. It was couched in the usual terms of self given us an account, in a letter written in New- what one must call hypocritical moderation. “We... gate three days after.* “I doubt not, dear breth- declare thee to be a hicretic, to be cast out from the ren," he begins, “but that it doth some deal vex you, Church, and left unto the judgment of the secular to see the one part have all the words, and freely to power, and now presently so do leave thee unto the speak what they list, and the other to be put to si- secular power and their judgment; most earnestly lence, and not to be heard indifferently. But refer requiring them, in the bowels of our Lord Jesus your matters to God, which shortly shall judge after Christ, that this execution and punishment, worthily another fashion. But in the mean season, I shall re- to be done upon thee, may be so moderate, that the hearse unto you the articles for which I am con- rigour thereof be not too extreme, nor yet the gendemned. They examined me but of two articles, tleness too much mitigated, but that it may be to the which are these : first, whether I thought there were salvation of thy soul, to the extirpation, terror, and no purgatory to purge the soul after this present life? conversion of heretics, to the unity of the catholic And I said that I thought there was none. . ... The faith, by this, our sentence definitive, or final decree, second article was this, whether I thought that the which we here promulgate in this form aforesaid.". sacrament of the altar was the body of Christ? And l'rith, being thus delivered into the hands of the I said, yea, that I thought that it was both Christ's mayor and sheriffs of London, was by them carried to body, and also our body, as St. Paul saith, 1 Cor. x. Newgate, and immured in a dungeon underground, In that it is made onc bread of many grains, it is our loaded with as many irons as he could bear, and fastbody; signifying that we, though we be many, are ened with an iron collar round his neck to a post, in yet one body: and likewise of the wine, in that it is such a posture that he could neither stand upright made one wine of many grapes. And again, in that nor stoop down. Still this constant martyr ceased it is broken, it is Christ's body, signifying, that his not to "work while it was day," for in his wretched body should be broken, that is to say, suffer death, to cell, which the light of heaven never entered, having redeem us from our iniquities. In that it was distri- | procured a candle, he occupied himself with writing. buted, it was Christ's body, signifying, that as verily He enjoyed the gracious presence of the same Lord as that sacrament is distributed unto us, so verily is who enabled Paul and Silas to sing praises in the Christ's body, and the fruit of his passion, distributed prison of Philippi, and therefore was not comfortless. unto all faithful men. In that it is received, it is After a few days' confinement in Newgate, the marChrist's body, signifying, that as verily as the out- tyr was, July 4th, brought forth into Smithfield, where ward man receiveth the sacrament with his teeth and a young man named Hewet was to suffer with him. mouth, so verily doth the inward man, through faith, when they were at the stake, Dr. Cook, the minister • These extracts are quoted from the letter in Frith's works,
of Allhallows, Honey Lane, charged the people no and not from the copy given by Fox, which is far from being
more to think of praying for the victims than they accurate.
would for a dog. This gratuitous inhumanity dis. gusted the assembled crowds; but Frith, smiling, de- a little strength ;” they were employing the means sired the Lord to forgive him. Then, when the fire
of grace so mercifully vouchsafed to them, though was put to the faggots, he embraced them with his arms, and with all patience committed his spirit unto
weak in themselves; they had kept his word, faithhis faithful Saviour. “ The noble army of martýrs fully endeavouring to conform to its requirements, praise thee," O Lord !
S. and to embrace its promises ; and they had not been
led to that crime of deepest dye, of which even in
that early age too many were guilty,--the crime of ASIATIC CHURCIIES.-(VII.)
denying by word or deed the name of the only bePhiladelphia.
gotten Son of God, ** And to the angel of the Church in Philadelphia write; These
Certain temporal blessings are therefore promised things saith he that is holy, he that is true, he that hath the
to the faithful of Philadelphia. So far from being key of David, he that openeth, and no man shutteth; and allowed to become a prey to the enemies of the truth, shutteth, and no man openeth ; I know thy works: behold, I and to suffer much worldly persecution on account of have set before thee an open door, and no man can shut it:
their stedfastness, they are assured that those of the for thou hast a little strength, and hast kept my word, and hast not denied my name. Behold, I will make them of the
synagogue of Satan, who so grievously opposed and synagogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, and are not, oppressed the members of other Churches, should have but do lie; behold, I will make them to come and worship no power over them ; that, so far from suffering these before thy feet, and to know that I have loved thee. Because
enemies of the truth to prevail, these enemies would thou hast kept the word of my patience, I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation, which shall come upon all the
even seek their protection, and some of them perhaps world, to try them that dwell upon the earth. Behold, I come
be converted by their instrumentality, and be led to quickly: hold that fast which thou hast, that no man take acknowledge that God was with his people of a truth. thy crown. Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the
Spiritual blessings are also promised—the invalutemple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city
able blessing of preservation in the hour of trial of my God, which is new Jerusalem, which cometh down out
especially in that fearful trial which was to come upon of heaven from my God: and I will write upon him my new the earth. This is supposed to refer to the persecuname. He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith tion in the reign of Trajan, which was more general unto the Churches."-Rer. iii. 7-13.
and violent than the persecutions under Nero and The Church of Philadelphia stands pre-eminently Domitian ; but reference may also be made to the distinguished among those of Asia for receiving un- oppression of Mohammedan power, under which, even mingled commendation from the adorable Saviour. when the most severe, there were always some to be In himself infinitely " holy,”-for even in his human found faithful to the Redeemer's cause. nature he was without sin-and " true," for he speaks And eternal blessings of the highest character are of himself as “ the truth,"—he bears the most decided also promised to those who listen to the exhortation, testimony to the consistent piety of his professed dis- hold that fast which thou hast, that no man take thy ciples in this city; for they had kept the "word of his crown,” and who, by the power vouchsafed from on patience," or the saving doctrines of his Gospel : and high, are enabled to overcome. For the victorious it is delightful to view a Christian community, such believer is assured that he shall be made a pillar in as that presented to our notice, walking in a manner the temple of God. It was common for conquerors to worthy of their high and holy calling, adorning the have pillars erected in the idolatrous temples of the doctrine of God their Saviour in all things; so letting false gods, on which were enumerated the name of the their light shine before men, that God might thereby deity under whose guardian care they had fought, the be glorified, and testifying the sincerity of their dis- name of the city to which they belonged, and the name cipleship by bringing forth much fruit.
of the general under whose command they had conThe exalted Head of the Church speaks of himself, quered. It was with reference to this custom, proin this commendatory epistle, as possessed of "the bably, that the gracious promise is made in the text. key of David," as " he that openeth, and no man They who hold fast that which they have, that no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth ;" that is, take their crown, shall be as pillars in the temple of as the anointed and exalted Son of David, upon whose God, unchangeable, unmovable, and totally free from shoulder was to be the government; possessed of all decay, for they “shall no more go out;" on which the rule, and authority, and power ; able to admit into the new name” shall be engraven, even the adorable regions of eternal blessedness, and able not only to name of that victorious Leader who hath subdued exclude therefrom, but to consign the lost soul to the death, and him that had the power of death; who regions of interminable misery. What a stupendous was manifested in the likeness of sinful Hesh, that he view does this give us of the power of the once-cruci- might destroy the works of the great author of sin ; fied Emanuel — of the dignity of that meek and lowly and in whose victorious train shall be included all who Jesus who had not where to lay his head; whose first fought and overcame through the blood of the Lamb ; advent was marked by the deepest humiliation, whose and who shall return and come to Zion, with songs second advent will be marked by the most glorious and everlasting joy upon their heads, to proclaim, exaltation, when "every eye shall see him, and they through a glorious eternity, the riches and the freealso which pierced him ; and all kindreds of the carth ness of that grace by which they were enabled to fight shall wail because of him! Even so, amen."
the good fight of faith, to lay hold on eternal life, and The Philadelphians are reminded, that “ an open to become more than conquerors through Him that door" had been set before them; that they had a free loved them. and full access into the kingdom of God; a privilege PHILADELPHIA was seated on the high road beof which man could not deprive them--for they had tween Laodicea and Sardis, on a declivity of Mount Tmolus, and on the bank of the river Cogamus. Its is gone by; and here, as in too many other parts of modern name is Allah-Shehr, the “ city of God." Its the Christian vineyard, it is difficult to discover better vicinity to the district called Catakekarmene, or “ the fruits than those which are afforded by briars and burned," and whieh extended in length about sixty- brambles. It is indeed an interesting circumstance two miles, and in breadth about fifty, rendered it less to find Christianity more fourishing here than in resorted to as a place of residenee-for the inhabitants many other parts of the Turkish empire : there is were in constant dread of earthquakes ; and it is men- still a numerous Christian population; they occupy tioned by 'Tacitus as one of those cities restored by 300 houses ; divine service is performed every Sunday Tiberius after a calamity of this kind. It was founded in five churches; and there are twenty of a smaller by Attalus Philadelphus, the brother of Eumenes, description, in which once a-year the liturgy is read. king of Pergamos; but at what precise time, or through But though the candlestick remains, its light is obwhose instrumentality, Christianity was first intro- scured : the lamp still exists; but where is its oil ? duced into it, is uncertain. Some few records are
Where is now the word of our Lord's patience ? it is extant of the state of the Philadelphian Church during conveyed in sounds unintelligible to those who licar : succeeding ages, which testify that the light of Gospel when the very epistle to their own Church is real, truth was never completely extinguished ; that there they understand it not! The word of legendary suwere always some found faithful, who realised, by their perstition, and of multifarious will-worship, is now own experience, the blessed promise, “ I also will more familiar to their ears. And where is the bright keep thiee from the hour of temptation.”
exhibition of Christian virtues ? Unhappily the chaWhen Dr. Chandler visited Philadelphia the bishop racter of Christians in these countries will scarcely was absent; but the chief ecclesiastic, or proto-papas, bear comparison with that of Mohammedans themthen resident, received the travellers at the bishop's selves! In a word, Philadelphia has had her share house. This priest was ignorant of the Greek lan- in that utter apostacy from true and practical Chrisguage, and they were consequently compelled to con- tianity, which has been the bane of the East. "Grievous verse with him in Turkish. “ He had no idea," says
wolves have entered in, not sparing the flock' (Acts, Dr. Chandler, “ that Philadelphia existed before XX. 29). There have been false teachers among Christianity; but told us it had become a city in con- them, who privily have brought in damnable heresies, sequence of the many religious foundations. The even denying the Lord that bought them : and many number of Churches he reckoned at twenty-four, have followed their pernicious ways, by reason of mostly in ruins, and mere masses of wall, decorated whom the way of truth is evil spoken of' (2 Pet. ii. with painted saints. Only six are in a better condi- 1, 2). tion, and have their priests. ..... We were assured But, though I am compelled by truth to speak in that the clergy, and the laity in general, knew as little this manner, I gladly seize this opportunity to express of Greek as the proto-papas ; and yet the Liturgies my conviction, that ere long there will be a great reand offices of the Church are read as elsewhere, and novation in the Eastern Churches. This is not the have undergone no alteration on that account. The place for detailing the grounds of such an opinion ; Philadelphians are a civil people.”
but I state with confidence this result of my observaMessrs. Parsons and Fisk, of the American Board tions during my intercourse with oriental Christians. of Missions, visited this Church in Nov. 1820. Their Nothing is wanting but perseverance in imparting first visit was to Gabriel, then archbishop, apparently instruction on every favourable occasion; and ere about seventy-five years of age. According to their long we shall see the fruit of our labours. The English statement, the number of houses in the city was about missionaries, who visit these countries in a zealous three thousand, of which not more than two hundred and affectionate spirit, will find the language once and fifty were Greek. Most of the Greeks were found addressed to Philadelphia applicable to themselves : ignorant of any language except the Turkish. The • Behold I have set before thee an open door, and no missionaries dined with the archbishop. It being
man can shut it.' maigre day, the diet consisted of rice, soup, boiled “We see this interesting place to peculiar adbeans, and herbs, with a great variety of fruits, and vantage. For several days we have been contending abundance of raki, rum and wine.
with rain, cold, and adverse weather; but to-day, on Messrs. Arundell and Hartley visited Philadelphia arriving at Philadelphia, 'lo! the winter is past, the in 1826. The latter thus describes the visit:
rain is over and gone, the flowers appear on the earth, * After a ride of four hours we arrived at Phila- the time of the singing of the birds is come, and the delphia. As we drew near, I read with much interest voice of the turtle is heard in their land' (Cant. ii. the epistle (Rev. iii. 7-13) to that Church. The town 11, 12). The voice of the turtle charmed me greatly is situated on a rising ground, beneath the snowy during our stay here. This favourite bird is so tame, mountain Tmolus. The houses are embosomed in that it flies about the streets, and comes up close to trees, which have just assumed their fresh green our door in the khan. The remains of antiquity at foliage, and give a beautiful effect to the scene. 1 Philadelphia are not numerous. I have noticed a counted six minarets. We entered through a ruined few beautiful sarcophagi, now devoted to the purpose wall, massy, but by no means of great antiquity. The of troughs; but the ruined wall was probably erected streets are excessively ill paved, and dirty. The tear by those who so manfully defended this city previously of Christian pity must fall over modern Philadelphia. to its final fall. Were Christ himself to visit it, would he not weep "Our visit to Philadelphia was rendered the more over it as once over Jerusalem? Alas! the genera- interesting by the circumstance of our being the tion of those who kept the word of our Lord's patience | bishop's visitors. He pressed us so strongly to make
his liouse our home, that we thought it right to comply | together with Smyrna and Thyatira (and this is also with his wishes. This circumstance gave me an op- the case with Pergamos, which I have not yet visited), portunity of having much conversation with Panaretos. still contain flourishing communities of Christians. Niany of his remarks afforded us satisfaction. The “ The pen of a celebrated infidel bears witness to a Bible he declared to be the only foundation of all re- circumstance which is worthy of notice in regard to ligious belief'; and I was astonished to hear him say, Philadelphia. Philadelphia alone has been saved that he knew of no other confession of Christian belief by prophecy or courage. At a distance from the sea, than the creeds of the apostles, of Nice, and of forgotten by the emperors, encompassed on all sides Si. Athanasius. With the design of referring to by the Turks, her valiant citizens defended her reliChrist, as the only name given among men by which gion and freedom above fourscore years ; and at length we can be savedl,' I introduced a remark on the aton- capitulated with the proudest of the Ottomans. Among ing efficacy which too many appear to attach to fast- the Greek colonies and Churches of Asia, Philadelphia ing. It is,' he replied, “the universal idea.' After is still crect: a column in a scene of ruins.' (Gibother remarks, distinguished for candour, and expres- bon's Decline and Fall, vol. xi. c. 64.) It may be added, sive of the miserable follies into which our nature has the circumstance that Philadelphia is now called Allahplunged us, he used these decisive words ; · Abuses Shelir,the city of God, when viewed in connexion have entered into the Church, which former ages might with the promises made to that Church, and espeendure ; but the present must put them down.' Other cially with that of writing the name of the city of God topics of conversation were
ere--justification by faith; in- upon its faithful members, is, to say the least, a sindulgences; the prophecies concerning popery; and gular concurrence.” the seventh general council. Conversing on the last- In the present circumstances of Philadelphia, conmentioned subject, I was surprised to find that he did trasted with other of the Asiatic Churches, we see the not know that Protestants worshipped God without fulfilment of the gracious promise of the “ Holy" and the use of pictures. The Christian population he con- " True.” It is the Christian’s privilege, indeed, to sidered to be on the increase at Philadelphia: in the take home to his comfort all the blessed declarations last year there had been ten deaths, and twenty mar- of the word of God, addressed to those who are enabled riages : the Turks, he said, were decreasing; a large to keep the word of his patience; and to carry his number had marched for Greece, and none had ever thoughts beyond the trials of a fallen world, to that returned. In the evening we attended the metropo- world of unclouded brightness, from which the ranlitan church; but to give a true account of the sad somed shall no more go out.
But the Christian's podegradation of Christian worship exhibited on this sition is to be one of watchfulness and circumspection. occasion would be equally difficult and painful. We He is to recollect that there is an adversary subtle were highly pleased with the engaging manner of and powerful, anxious to lead him captive, and to rob Panaretos; his house also, which is termed, as usual him of his heavenly inheritance. Satan desires to have by the Greeks, the Metropolis, exhibited a decorum him, that he may sist him as wheat. The world around bighly suited to a Christian bishop ; nor did I witness him abounds with countless allurements to induce him that fawning and perpetual kissing of the land, which to renounce his allegiance to his heavenly Master; and I have deplored in some other episcopal residences. the voice of friendly caution should ever be sounding From the verandah we had a view over the whole in his ear,—“ Behold, I come quickly : hold fast that town by day; and at night we observed the illuminated which thou hast, that no man take thy crown." Let minarets spreading their light over the city, als is cus- not the true believer, then, Hatter himself that he shall tomary during the fast of Ramazan.
pass through this mortal life placidly and smoothly, and “ April 24, 1826.- This morning I visited a public that he shall be free from temptation ; but let him lean school of the Greeks. There were present thirty or on His gracious arm, who “ himself suffered being forty children: Greek, Romaic, and Turkishi, were the tempted," and who is both willing and “able to sucobjects of attention. The master complained that the cour them that are tempted." Let him pray earnestly neglect of the parents was a great obstacle to improve- that his faith fail not; and let him pray with the assurment; as soon as a child could write sufficiently for ance, that He who will not suffer his people to be the purposes of commerce, he was removed, and em- tempted above what they are able to endure, will ployed in business. I am sorry to say, that here, as make a way of escape. Thus watching and thus prayin many other Greek schools, the bastinado is an in- ing, the Christian will go on from one degree of grace portant appendage. I found in this school a manu- and strength unto another; as his day is, so shall his script of the Gospels upon parchment; but it is by no strength be. No weapon that is formed against him means ancient or valuable : it is, however, worthy of shall prosper-no effort of the arch-enemy will prove notice, that a manuscript was found some time since at successful : in time he will be a miracle of protecting Cæsarea, written in capital letters, which is held in grace, and pillar in the temple of his God--an imsuch veneration in that neighbourhood, that the Turks perishable inonument of saving mercy even through always send for it when they put a Greek upon his eternity. oath: it will be well for future travellers to examine it. I cannot conclude this brief account of Philadelphia, without stating, from personal observation, the remarkable fact, that, while Ephesus, Laodicea, and Sardis, the three Churches which called forth the denunciation of displeasure on the part of our Lord, are now nothing more than abandoned ruins, this Church,