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THIRD SECTION.

SOLOMON'S BUILDINGS.

(CHAP. V. [V. 15]-IX. 28.)

A.- Treaty with Hiram in regard to the building of the Templo.

CHAP. V. 1-18. [15–32].

1. AND Hiram king of Tyre sent his servants unto Solomon;' for he had heard

that they had anointed him king in the room of his father : for Hiram was ever 2, 3 a lover of David. And Solomon sent to Hiram, saying, Thou knowest how

that David my father could not build a house unto the name of the Lord his

God, for the wars' which were about him on every side, until the Lord put 4 them under the soles of his feet. But now the Lord my God hath given me 5 rest on every side, so that there is neither adversary nor evil occurrent. And,

behold, I purpose to build a house unto the name of the Lord my God, as the

Lord spake unto David my father, saying, Thy son, whom I will set upon thy 6 throne in thy room, he shall build a [the] house unto my name. Now therefore

command thou that they hew me cedar trees out of Lebanon; and my servants shall be with thy servants: and unto thee will I give hire for thy servants according to all that thou shalt appoint: for thou knowest that there is not among

us any that can skill to hew timber like unto the Sidonians. 7 And it came to pass, when Hiram heard the words of Solomon, that he re

joiced greatly, and said, Blessed be the Lord [Jehovah] this day, which hath 8 given unto David a wise son over this great people. And Hiram sent to Solomon,

saying, I have considered the things which thou sentest to me for: and I will do 9 all thy desire concerning timber of cedar, and concerning timber of fir. My

servants shall bring them down from Lebanon unto the sea; and I will convey them by sca in floats unto the place that thou shalt appoint me, and will cause

them to be discharged there, and thou shalt receive them: and thou shalt 10 accomplish my desire, in giving food for my household. So Hiram gave Solo11 mon cedar trees and fir trees according to all his desire. And Solomon gave

Hiram twenty thousand measures (cor] of wheat for food to his household, and

twenty measures (cor o] of pure oil : thus gave Solomon to Hiram year hy year. 12 And the Lord gave Solomon wisdom, as he promised him: and there was peace

between Hiram and Solomon; and they two made a league together. 13 And king Solomon raised a levy out of all Israel; and the levy was thirty 14 thousand men. And he sent them to Lebanon, ten thousand à month by

courses : a month they were in Lebanon, and two months at home: and Adoni15 ram was over the levy. And Solomon' had threescore and ten thousand that 16 bare burdens, and fourscore thousand hewers in the mountains; besides the

chief of Solomon's officers which were over the work, three thousand and three' 17' hundred, which ruled over the people that wrought in the work. And the

king commanded, and they brought great stones, costly stones, and hewed 18 stones, to lay the foundation of the house. And Solomon's builders and Hiram's

builders did hew them, and the stonesquarers: so they prepared timber and stones to build the house.

TEXTUAL AND GRAMMATICAL.

sear , fol ,מִלְחָמָה

1 Ver. 1.-[The Vat. Sept., by omitting the first part of this clause, makes an extraordinary statement: kai STÉOTELLE Χιράμ βασιλεύς Τύρον τους παίδας αυτού χρίσαι τον Σαλωμών αντί Δανίο κ. τ.λ.

? Ver. 8.-[The A. V. has here exactly preserved the incongruity of the Heb. of an abstract noun , , lowed by the personal pronoun oņš. The Chald. avoids the dificulty by reading ??? ???Y 07, 19 = those making war. It has been suggested that the Heb. might have read originally nonspara verig.

: Ver. 3.— The k’tib 1507 is here decidedly to be preferred to the kri597.-Bähr. [It is also the reading of man, MSS., editions, and VV.

• Ver. 5.-[nias apie op, followed by the infinitive, expresses purpose. Cf. Ex. i1. 14; 2 Sam. xxi. 16. • Ver. 7.–[The Sept. here read Ocós, not Kúpeos. Cf. the parallel place 2 Chron. ii. 11, 57 mobs nin:)

• Ver. 11.-(The Sept. enormously multiply this by writing kai cikoot yearádas Baid edalov, so also the Heb, in the parallel place, 2 Chron. il. 9. The Syr. and Arab. still ten times more, by making it twenty thousand cor.

* Ver. 16.—[Cf. 2 Chron. fi. 17, niko vej.

8 Ver. 17.—[The Vat. Sept. omits ver. 17 and the first half of 18. Both recensions of the Sept. add to ver. 18, tpea im-F.G.)

T :

EXEGETICAL AND CRITICAL

Sidonians are not the inhabitants of the city of

Sidon simply, but of the entire district to which Vers. 1-6. And Hiram king of Tyre, &c. After that part of Lebanon belonged. They knew how the general description of Solomon's government to hew and prepare wood for building, for they in the preceding section, the narrative now pro- were skilled in ship-building beyond all other ceeds to give an account of his great and impor- nations, and built their own houses also of wood tant undertaking, the building of the Temple (Schnaase, Gesch, der bildenden Künste, i. 8. 249). (comp. the parallel account, 2 Chron. ii.). Hiram We seo from ver. 8 and chap. vii. 13, that Solomon is called Ditin in ver. 7 and 19, and opin in Chron, desired cypress-wood, and a Phænician artisan

besides (comp. 2 Chron. ii. 7, 13). and Eipwuoc twice in Josephus. It is uncertain whether of these be the original form. According heard the words of Solomon, &c. “The king of

Vers. 7–8. And it came to pass when Hiram to 2 Chron. ï. 2, and the present passage also, this Hiram was the same as he who had sent David Tyre must have been very desirous of remaining on wood to build his house (2 Sam. v. 11), and it is good terms with Israel, because the land of Israel unnecessary, on the ground of the unreliable chro- was a granary for Phænicia, and the friendship of nology of Josephus, to reckon him to be the son of the former was very important to the Phænician

commercial interests" (Keil). The chronicler adds that Hiram (having his father's name) as Le Clerc; to run. (2 Chron. ii

. 12), the God of Israel that Thenius, and others do (Antiq., viii. 31; comp. Contr. Apion., i. 18). If, according to Josephus, made heaven and earth. It does not follow, howthe beginning of the building of the Temple, which ev91, as older commentators say, that Hiram actook place in the fourth year of Solomon's reign, kno:vledged this God as the only true God, or had occurred in the eleventh year of Hiram, it follows become a proselyte. Polytheism is not exclusive: that the latter must have reigned several years it allows each nation to retain its divinity, and recontemporaneously with David, and may very well cognizes his power, when it thinks it perceives his have reigned twenty years more, simultaneously workings or his agency and benefactions, without with Solomon (chap. ix. 10 sq.).—The purpose of rejecting the specifically national gods. When Hihis embassy to Solomon was to congratulate him ram, therefore, names Solomon bon, because he is on his accession. (The Syriac adds ins 7.7, about to build a temple to Jehovah, it is evident which Thenius, without reason, deems original). includes that of religion (fear of God). Cypress

that the idea of wisdom (chap. v. 7), essentially It was evidence that he desired Solomon to con- is, indeed, inferior to cedar; but is also fitted for tinue in the same friendly relations to him as David had maintained; and it was the easier for is almost imperishable, as well as very light”

buildirg, because “it is not eaten by worms, and Solomon to make that request to him, mentioned (Winer). According to 2 Chron. ii. 16, the wood in ver. 6. On vers. 7-9, comp. 2 Sam. viii. 13, and for building was sent down on rafts (on the Medi1 Chron. xxii. 7-11. According to Ewald and terranean) to Joppa (i. e., Jaffa, coast-town on the Thenius, nonbo, ver 3, is equivalent to enemies borders of the tribe of Dan, Josh. xix. 46). Thence (surrounding him); but in Ps. cix. 3, 22D is also it was conveyed overland to Jerusalem, which is found with the double accusative: they compassed situated southeast thereof. me about also with words of hatred. Upon buy food, &c. Every year,

as long as Hiram furnisheå

Vers. 9–13. And thou shalt .... in giving ?, see on chap. vi.—yan, i. e., an unhappy building-materials and workmen, he received, for

the sustenance of his court, 20,000 * (cor) measures event, as, for instance, rebellion, famine, plague, or other suffering. It appears, from ver. 6, that * The cor (13), kopos) equals the homer, and the homer the part of Lebanon where the best cedars for was ten times the bath. 20,000 cors = 200,000 baths. This, building grew, belonged to Phænicia; it was on at a rough calculation, amounts to 260,000 bushels=between the north western part of the mountain range This would amount to about 1,666 or 1,670 gallons of oil

85 and 90,000 barrels. ' In liquids, agnin, 20 cors = 200 baths. (Robinson, Palest., vol. iii. pp. 588-594). The Tho computation must be in the rough for obvious reasons,

of wheat, i. e., by Thenius' reckoning, 38,250 Dres- / of the Canaanites that remained when their land den bushels, from Solomon; also 20 (cor) measures was conquered, and who wore inade servants of oil, i e., 100 casks, the cask containing 6 (Judg. i. 27 to 30; Josh. xvi. 10). In contradisbuckets. Pure oil is the finest, not going, after tinction to these 30,000 Israelites, they are namod, the usual fashion, through the press, but is obtained in chap. ix. 21, yay op, 1. e., servants (2 Chron. by pounding olives not quito ripo in a mortar (my Symbolik des Mos. Cult., i. s. 419). The chronicler viii. 7–9). The assertion of Ewald and Distel that does not mention this delivery to the court of theso 150,000 servants were of the "people of Hiram; but he gives, in 2 Chron. ii. 10, tho re- Israel," and only “came later wheu the several ward of the laborers promised in our 6th verse: buildings became enlarged,” is utterly erroneous."I will give to thy servants, the hewers that cut | The total number of these workmen is great, but timber, 20,000 (cor) measures of beaten wheat, and not surprising when we consider those times, when 20,000 (cor) measures of barley, and 20,000 baths there was no machinery, and everything had to of wine, and 20,000 baths of oil.” The narra- be done by the human hand. According to Pliny tive here concerns a different thing, and no ono (Hist. Nat., xxxvi. 12), 360,000 men had to work has a right, as Thenius, to turn the 20 (cor) mea- twenty years long at one pyramid (comp. Calmet sures of tho finest oil, destined for the court, into on the place). 20,000 of ordinary quality, and to suppose, with Ver. 16. Beside the chief, &c. Thenius: Bertheau, that tho quantity of wine and oil is "literally tho chief of the overseers, and hence the added by the chronicler according to his owu usual expression, overseer: but there are no subwhim. ** Because the quantity of the wheat which altein overseers mentioned. How great, then, Solomon gave Hiram for the use of the court was oust the number of these have been, when the as large as that which he delivered for the Sido-chief overseers numbered several thousands? The nian hewers of wood, it does not follow that we opbois d'Isyn as a description of the substantive are justified iu identifying the two accounts (Keil). Besides, as Bertheau remarks, it appears (Vatablus: principes, qui præfecti erant) is properly that the account in the Chronicles does not, like our connected therewith by the Stat. construct. (comp. own, speak of an annual, but only of one delivery. Ewald, $ 287 b); so, the chiefs not reckoned, those The one account, as often happens, supplements who were appointed by (or for) Solomon, and who the other. The addition, ver. 12, means: Solomon, oversaw the works."--Chrou. gives, instead of the by virtue of the wisdom he had received from number 3,300 (chap. ii. 17), 3,600, which Thenius God, came to the conclusion that it would be well thinks the righi one, and he would have the text to accept Hiram's propositions, and to enter into altered accordingly; but Ewald, on the other hand, terms of friendship with him. Keil also thinks declares our number to be correct, and that of that the verse refers to the wise use he made of Chron. wrong. But both numbers are right, as the working capacities of his subjects, which is re- J. H. Michaelis has proved; the difference comes ferred to in the following verses, and that this from the different division of the offices of superTerse, therefore, leads on to them.

intendence. In chap. ix. 23, 550 D'?Bin 'n are Vers. 13–15. And king Solomon raised a levy. named; these, with the 3,300, make 3,850. The Syron, strictly adscendere fecit, to take out, to take parallel passage of Chron. (chap. viii. 10) mentions away (Ps. cii. 25). All Israel does not mean here only 250, which, added to the 3,600, gives the the whole territory, but, as often elsewhere, the chance; the number 550 evidently contains the

same number, 3,850. This coincidence cannot be people (chap. i. 20; viii. 65;, xii. 16, 20; xiv. 250, and the 300, by which the 3,600 exceed the 13). In ver. 13 it is expressly said that these 3,300: 250 of the whole number of overseers were, 30,000 men were (born) Israelites. Of theso, 10,000 were always one month in service, and free native Israelites; but 300 were foreigners. The

as appears from the context in 2 Chron. viii. 10, the two following, when they cultivated their fields chronicler, however, no doubt includes the latter and took care of their houses. For Adoniran, see

among the subaltern overseers (3,300+300=3,600), chap. iv. 6.-Besides these 30,000 men, who were because they were not on the same footing with not sufficient, there were (ver. 15) 70,000 that bore

the Israelitish overseers. burdens, and 80,000 hewers in the mountains.

Vers. 17–18. And the king commanded. The Yn is, “ according to all Versions, to be understood of stone-cutters alone, not of wood-cutters (Gese- great stones should be nine, not "weighty" nius, Ewald), for the (easier) working in wood was (Thenius), for that is, of course, understood, nor sufficiently provided for by the changing 30,000 la- "precious" (Keil), for why should the value of borers” (Thenius). The 179 can be understood only these stones be especially insisted on? but glorious,

splendid, fine stones (Ps. xxxvi. 8; xlv. 9; Esth, i. of Lebanon, from the context, and not, as Berthcau 4). It is plainly said here, as in 2 Chron. iii. 3, thinks, of the stone-quarries of the mountains. that these stones were for the foundation of the The 70+80,000=150,000 men (2 Chron. ii. 18) building, and not, therefore, for the “consolidation were not changed, but were in constant service; of the Temple structure” (Thenius). Of the latter they were not Israelites, but, on the contrary, kind, which Josephus (Arch., 15, 11, 3) so minutely D'79 (as the parallel passage alluded to expressly describes, the Bible-text makes no mention. The says), i. e, strangers in the land of Israel; those ni 8 are nothing else than the splendid great

stones, which were shaped after being hewn out as may be seen by reference to Smith's Dictionary, Amer. of the quarry. Vulgate : ut tollerent lapides grandes, BURES. The reader can find some strange etymologies in the lapides pretiosos, in fundamentum templi et quadraanitaadversions of Petavius upon Epiphanius' tractate on rent eos. -The Giblites, ver. 18, are the inhabitante Weights and Measures. Epiph., Opera, edit. G. Dindorf. Leipsic, 1863, vol. iv. p. 95.-E. H.

of Sa(Josh. xiii. 5), a Phænician town near tha'

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part of Lebanon, where the largest cedars were 2. It is one of those significant divine providences found; i. e., the Byblos of the Greeks. [The in which the history of Israel is so rich, that as Engl. Vor. has simply for this word, " stone-squar- in the development of the “sacred history” the ers.”—E. H.) It appears, from Ezek. xxvii. 9, time had come for "the house of the Lord" (or for that the Giblites were remarkable for their tech- for Jehovah), in the land which alone possessed nical skill in ship-building especially. Thenius those means and agencies for the execution of the reads Dubarn, and translates : “ they wreathed the undertaking in which Israel was wanting, a king

ruled who entertained a friendly sentiment tostones-put a border round them." Robinson wards David and Solomon, and was prepared stated (Palest.) that he had found stones carved in gladly for every assistance, so that even heathen that manner. Böttcher rightly names these con- nations, whether friendly or conquered, took part jectures “ill-founded.” Comp. what Keil, on the in the building of the house for the God of Israel, passage, says against them.

and so contributed indirectly to the glorifying of God. It was a setting forth in act of the word: ". The earth is the Lord's, and all that therein is "

(Ps. xxiv. 1); " For the kingdom is the Lord's, and HISTORICAL AND ETHICAL.

He is governor among the nations ” (Ps. xxii. 28);

and "all the heathen shall serve Him” (Ps. lxxii. 1. Solomon's undertaking to build a "house" to 11). And as Solomon's kingdom, as the most comthe name of Jehovah was not an arbitrary, self-de-plete outward kingdom of peace, is frequently, vised act, nor was it prompted solely through the with the prophets, a type of the Messiah's king. wish and will of his father David, but rested upon dom (see above, Historical and Ethical on chap. iv.), a divine decision (v. 5), and, as already shown in the so do they behold, in the participation by the heaIntroduction, S 3, has its inward, necessary reason then in the building of the temple, a type and in the development of the Old Testament theocracy. prophecy that the Messiah “shall build the temThe assertion that "the thought to build a magnifi-ple of the Lord

and that they who are cent temple to Jehovah in Jerusalem proceeded from far off shall come and build in the temple of the the sight of the temple-service of the Phænicians Lord,” &c. (Zech. vi. 12-15). and Philistines, and of their ostentatious cultus 3. " In the very time of their highest earthly (Duncker, Gesch. des Alt., i. s. 397), is entirely with splendor the people of God, in respect of worldly out foundation and contradicts all historical re- art, pursuit, and skill, were inferior to the neighcords. When Stephen, in his discourse before the boring Phænicians” (Gerlach). Solomon had no Sanhedrin, says: " Solomon built him an house. one amongst his people who could execute a work But the Most High dwelleth not in temples made of art such as the temple was to be (v. 6). As to with hands,” &c. (Acts vii. 47), he does not mean in individual men (1 Cor. vii. 7), so also to nations, any way to blame Solomon's undertaking, or to say, God has distributed divers gifts, powers, and desas Lechler supposes (in his Bibelwerk on the place), tiny. It was not the office of Israel to exercise the tabernacle was set up at God's will and com- the arts, but to be the bearer of divine revelation, mand; but the design of building a temple and the and to communicate the knowledge of the One liv. completion of it is only a human design and a ing and all-holy God to all nations. To this and human performance. For that the Most High God has chosen this people out of all peoples; and cannot be shut up within a house, Solomon him- their entire mode of life and occupation, yea, their self expressly declared at the consecration of the whole development and history, are closely conTemple (1 Kings viii. 27). Stephen was opposing nected with it. To the achievement of this its des. rather, from the stand-point of the New Testament, tiny must even other nations serve, with the espethe stiff-necked, Jewish authorities, who, when cial gifts and powers conferred upon them. High as the promised Messiah appeared, and the New the Phænicians stood above Israel at that time in Covenant was introduced along with Him, rejected technical and artistic accomplishments (cf. Duncker, the same, and clung with tenacious unbelief to the a. a. O., s. 317–320), so nevertheless did Israel, notoutward sign of the Old Covenant, to the Temple withstanding all its sins and errors, excel the Pheas the permanent central-point of all divine revela- nicians in the knowledge of the truth. Distintion. The accusation, he would say, that this Jesus guished as Phænicia was for its art and commerce, of Nazareth would destroy this holy place, was in its religion was the most depraved, and its worship so far correct, as that He certainly had taken away most crude (Duncker, s. 155 sq.). the Old Covenant, and with it had abolished its [4. The genius of the Jewish people never sign and pledge (John ii. 19). For the day of the achieved anything eminent in plastic art. Skill in New Covenant, the temple at Jerusalem has lost architecture, and in sculpture, and in painting, all significance. For the dwelling of God in the seems to have been denied them. Their religion midst of His people conditioned through natural forbade it, and the hereditary feeling of the race descent, has become transferred into a dwelling in was one of aversion to all arts of the “graver," to the midst of the people who are believers in Christ, images and forms cut in stones or upon stone, and to whom the apostle appeals: Ye are the temple so in their want of appreciation of beauty of form of the living God, in you is fulfilled, in truth, the they were unable to conceive of grand structures; word spoken once by God unto Israel: I will dwell and when Solomon's great buildings were underin them, and walk in them, and will be their God, taken, the skilled work men and the artists conand they shall be my people (2 Cor. vi. 16; Eph. nected with the work were foreigners. Dr. Pri. fi. 21; 1 Pet. ii. 4, 5). To cling now to the Old deaux quotes Josephus to this effect (Antiq., Bk Testament temple built by human hands, and to 18. c. 7): “When Vitellius governor of Syria was reject the living temple of the living God, Stephen going to pass through Judæa with a Roman army pronounces as a striving against the Holy Ghost to make war against the Arabians, the chief of (Acts vii. 51).

the Jews met him, and earnestly entreated him to

lead his army another way; for they could not Vers. 21-25. The heathen king Hiram: (1) bear the sight of those images which were in the His rejoicing over Solomon and his undertaking; ensigns under which they marched, they were so (2) his .praise of the God of Israel; (3) his willing abominated by them. The ensigns therefore, for ness to help. How far stands this heathen above the sake of those images in them, were abomina- so many who call themselves Christians!—Ver. 6. tions to the Jews; and by reason of the desola- WüRT. SUMM.: When we see that it goes well with tions which were wrought under them by the our neighbor, we should not envy him such prosRoman armies in conquered countries, they were perity, but rather rejoice with him and wish him called desolating abominations, or abominations good-luck. Since Hiram, although a heathen king, of desolation, and they were never more so than has done this, how much more does it befit Chriswhen under them the Roman armies besieged and tians to act thus towards each other? It proves a destroyed Jerusalem." Poetic feeling, the power noble heart when a man, free from envy and jealof song, belonged to the race; and these, under ousy, sincerely praises and thanks God for the God, have impressed themselves upon the heart gifts and blessings which He grants to others.of the nations, so that to this day the "songs of STARKE: When God wishes well to a nation He Zion" are sung in temples which the Jewish peo- bestows upon it godly rulers; but when He wills ple never could have built.-E. H.]

to chastiso it he removes them. Hiram praises God that He bestows upon another people a wise

monarch ; how much more should that people it. HOMILETICAL AND PRACTICAL.

self thank God since He bestowed upon it a wise,

viz., a pious king ?-Ver. 9. How pleasing it is Vers. 1-5. Solomon's purpose to build a house when the assistance of those who can help is not to the Lord. (1) The motive. Vers. 3–5. Not wrung from them, but offered in friendship, and they ambition, the love of glory, the love of pomp, but are ready and heart-willing to do what lies in their the divine will, and the charge of his father. In power (2 Cor. ix. 7).-WÜRT. SUMM.: No house, every weighty undertaking one must examine and even though it be the church and temple of God, be assured that it do not proceed from seltish mo- should be built to the hurt and oppression of one's tives, but is the good, acceptable, and perfect will fellow-creatures.-Ver. 12. The league between of God (Rom. xii. 2). (2) The time, rest and peace Solomon and Hiram: (1) Its object: a good, God. (ver. 4). A time of peace is the time for building pleasing work begun in the service of God. Like in general, but especially for building houses of kings and nations, even so individual men should God, which are a memorial of thanksgiving for unite only for such purposes. (2) The conditions the blessings of peace and prosperity. (3) The of the league: each gave to the other according to request for assistance, ver. 6. In important un- his desire; neither sought to overreach the other; dertakings which are agreeable to the will of God, the compact was based upon honesty and fairness, and propose His honor, we may and should not not upon cunning and selfishness: only upon such hesitate to trust in Him who directs men's hearts, compacts does the blessing of God rest, for unjust like the water-brooks, to ask others for aid and possessions do not prosper. assistance.-Vers. 1-2. True friends whom parents Vers. 13-18. The workmen at the templehave gained, are an invaluable legacy for the chil-building: (1) Israelites. Solomon acted not like dren, for whom the latter cannot be sufficiently unto Pharaoh (Ex. ii. 23), he laid no insupportathankful (Eccles. xxx. 4). To a God-fearing man ble burdens upon his people, but permits valike David, if he have many enemies, yet there will riety in the work, and Israel itself undertakes it never be wanting those who love him his life long, without murmurs or complaints. How high do and who prize and honor him after his death, even these Israelites stand above so many Christian in his children.-Ver. 3. With every son it should communities, who constantly object or murmur be his earnest business, and likewise pleasure, to when they are about to undertake any labor for fulfil the will of his father, and to complete the their temple, or must needs bring a sacrifice good work which he had begun, but could not of money or time. (2) Heathen (Ps. xxii. 29; vide carry out.-Ver. 4. When God has granted rest Historical and Ethical). Jew and heathen toand peace, health and happiness, prosperity and gether must build the temple of God, according to blessing, an opportunity is thus at hand to do divine decree—a prophetic anticipation of fact as something for His great name.-Ver. 5. If it can set forth Eph. ii. 14, 19–22; iii. 4–6.-Seiler: The not come into the mind of every one to build a great preparations of Solomon must naturally rehouse of wood and stone unto the Lord, neverthe- mind us of the far ater preparations and arrangeless, every one to whom God has given wife and ments which God has made for the building of the children is in condition to vow and to build a spiritual temple of the New Testament. How many house unto the Lord out of living stones. I and my thousand faithful laborers, how many wise and good house will serve the Lord (Josh. xxiv. 15).-Ver. 5. men, has he placed in every known part of the STARKE: One man needs another; on this account world; how has he furnished them with wisdom ono should always serve and be amiable towards and many other gists of the Spirit, so that the great anomer, ministering to his good (1 Pet. iv. 10). — work of the glorious building may be completed! The superfluity of one must minister to the need O God! do thou still prosper thy work! of the others, in order that hereafter, also, the su- Help the faithful workers in thy Church, that they perfluty of the latter may serve for the wants of may enlighten many men to thy glorification, &c.the former (2 Cor. viii. 14).—Israel knew not how RICHTER: Well for us if we serve the true Solomon to plan great buildings, especially works of art, but in the preparations for His eternal temple. But they did know how to serve the living God. Bet. still better is it if we are ourselves prepared as ter to live without art than without God in the living stones to shine forever in the living temple world.

(1 Pet. ii. 45).

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