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having any male issue, the title de- dustry and perseverance realized a scends to his nephew, George Car- fortune it is supposed of above penter.
50,0001. The Rev. Coplestone Radcliffe, At Cublington, near Aylesbury, Rector of Sloke-Climsland in Corn- aged 52, Thomas Hedges, Esq. one wall, and Vicar of Tamerton-Fol- of the firm in the Vale of Aylesliot in Devonshire.
bury Bank. In him was the truest In York-street, Portman-square, affectionate ayd tender husband and after a long illness, Mrs. Horsley, father, as well as sincere friend: he the second wife of the Right Reves has left a wife and seven children rend the Lord Bishop of St. Asaph. with a numerous acquaintance, to
The Rev. Thonias Clack, Pre- lament his death. bendary of St. Peter, Exeter, Roc- At Adderbury, in Oxfordshire, tor of Kenn and of Morton-Hampe after a lovg illness, which she hore stead in Devonshire.
with exemplary cheerfulness and Mr. Simkin, of the Crown and christian-like resignation, in the Anchor Tavern in the Strand. As 24th year of her age, Susanna, the he was coming down stairs in a wife of Robert Wells, of Wormhurry from the ball-room about leighton, in the county of Warwick, half past eleven o'clock, his foot Esq. and the younger daughter of slipped, and losing his balance, he John Barber, Esq. of Adderbury, fell over the banisters and frac- Aged 67, the Rev. Edw. Clarke, tured his skull. Though every me. vicar of Aberford and Thorner, cudical aid was called in, he died rate of Saxton, and a prebendary two hours after the fatal accident. of the cathedrals of York and of He had been originally waiter at Rippon. the Old London Tavern, and by in
TO CORRESPONDENTS. We shall be glad to be favoured with the remaining Letters of Bishop Wren.
The Essays on the Natural History of the Bible will be resumed in our next.
Anti-papista will see his observations anticipated in the present Number. On other occasions we shall be glad to hear from him,
Calixtus on Justification, is inadmissible, because unintelligible.
Several articles of Correspondence and of Review have been unavoidably postponed this Month, but will be duly attended to in the next Numher.'
MAGAZINE AND REVIEW,
FOR MAY 1805.
Return, we beseech thee, O God of Hosts, look down from Heaven, and
behold, and visit this vine; and the vineyard which thy right hand huth planted, and the bránch that thou madest strong for thyself
. Psal. lxxx. 14, 15.
THE LIFE OF GEORGE BROWNE,
SOME TIME ARCHBISHOP OF DUBLIN; In which is given a particular Account of the Introduction
of the REFORMATION into IRELAND. The following article we have thought would be acceptable to our readers,
as being very curique in itself, and particularly interesting at the pre
sent crisis, when the Roman Catholics are not contented with merely - a liberal Toleration, but claim, as a matter of right, to obtain a full - participation of legislative authority. It is reprinted from au old and scarce tract, which the editors of the Puanix incorporated into their collection, in 1720.
EORGE BROWNe, by birth an Englishman, of
the order of St. Augustin in London, and provincial of the friars of the same order in England, being a man of a meek and peaceable spirit, was preferred to the archiepiscopal see of Dublin by King Henry the Eighth, and consecrated before his arrival into Ireland, by Thomas Archbishop of Canterbury, two other bishops assisting him, viz. John then Bishop of Rochester, and Nicholas then Bishop of Salisbury, on the 19th of March, Anno 1535.
The Reverend James Usher, late Primate of Armaghi, amongst his memorials of Ireland, gives this holy father this description :-George Browne was a man of a cheerful countenance, in his acts and deeds plain down-right, to the poor merciful and compassionaie, pitying the state and condition of the souls of the people, advising them, when he was provincial of the Augustin Order in England, to make their applications solely to Christ; which 5. P'él. VIII. Churchm. Mag. May 1805. T. advice advice coming to the ears of Henry the Eighth, be became a favorite, and upon the decease of John Allen, late Archbishop of Dublin, became his successor. Within five years after that he had enjoyed that see, he (much about the time that King Henry ihe Eightlı began to demolish the priories, abbeys, and monasteries, formerly built by the Romish clergy, within these his Majesties dominions of England and Ireland) caused all superstitious reliques and images to be removed out of the two cathedrals in Dublin, and out of the rest of the churches within his diocese; he caused the Ten Commandments, the Lord's Prayer, and the Creed, to be placed, being gilded and in frames, about the altar in the cathedral of Christ Church in Dublinhe was the first that turned from the Romish religion of the clergy here in Ireland, to embrace the reformation of the Church of England; for which fact he was by Queen Mary laid aside, and his temporality taken from him, yet he patiently endured affiction for the truth to the end.
Upon the reformation of King Henry the Eighth in England, and at his renouncing the papal power or supremacy of Rome, the Lord Thomas Cromwell, then Lord Privy Seal, wrote unto George Browne, then Arch, bishop of Dublin, signifying from his Highness (then terming the King by that title) that he was fallen abso, lutely from Rome in spiritual matters within his dominion of England, and how it was his Royal will and pleasure to have his subjects there in Ireland to obey his com, mands, as in England; voninating the said George Browne, Archbishop, one of his commissioners for the execution thereof, wbo, in a short space of time, wrote to the Lord Privy Seal, as follows:
My most honoured Lord, Your humble' servant receiving your mandate, as one of his Highness's comunissioners, bath endeavoured, almost to the dan, ger and hazard of this temporal life, to procure the nobility and gentry of this nation to due obedience, in owning of his Highness their supream head, as well spiritual as temporal; and do find much oppugning therein, especially by my brother* Armagh, who liath been the main oppugner, and so hath withdrawn most of his suffragans and clergy within his see and jurisdiction; he made a speech to them, laying a curse on the people whosoever should own his Highness supremacy; saying, that isle, as it is in * George Cromer, then Archbishop of Armagh.
their frish chronicles, insula sacra, belongs to none but to the Bishop of Rome, and that it was the Bishop of Rome's predeces$ors gave it to the King's ancestors. There be two messengers by the priests of Armagh, and by that Archbishop, now lately sent to the Bishop of Rome. Your Lordship may inform his Highness that it is convenient to call a parliament in this nation, to pass a supremacy by act; for they do not much niatter his Highness's commission which your Lordship sent us over. island hath been for a long time held in ignorance by the Romish orders; and as for their secular orders, they be in a manner as ignorant as the people, being not able to say mass, or pronounce the words, they not knowing what they themselves say in the Roman tougue. The common people of this isle are more zealous in their blindness, than the saints and martyrs were in truth at the beginning of the gospel. I send to you, my very good Lord, these things; that your Lordship and his Highness may consult what is to be done. It is feared OʻNeal will be ordered by the Bishop of Rome 10 oppose your Lordship's order from the King's highness; for the natives are much in numbers within his powers. I do pray the Lord Christ to defend your Lordship from your enemies.
Dublin 4, Kalend. Decemb. 1535.
The year following a parliamënt was called in Ireland, the Lord Leonard Grey being then King Henry's vices roy of the nation, in which George Browne, then being not many months above a year in his archiepiscopal chair in Dublin, stood up and made this short speech following:
My Lords and Gentry of this his Majesty's realm of Ireland.
Behold, your obedience to your King, is the observing of your God and Saviour Christ; for He, that high priest of our souls, paid tribute to Cæsar (though no Christian) greater honour then surely is due to your prince his Highness the King, and € christian one. Rome and her bishops, in the father's days, acknowledged emperors, kings, and princes, to be supreme over their dominions, nay, Christ's own vicars; and it is as much to the Bishop of Rome's shame, to deny what their precedent Bishops owned; therefore his Highness claims but what he can justify the Bishop Elutherius gave to St. Lucius, the first Christian King of the Britains: so that I shall without scruple vote his Highness King Henry my supreme over ecclesiastick matters as well as temporal, and head thereof, even of both isles, England and Ireland, and that without guilt of conscience, or sin to God; and he who will not pass this act, as I do, is ng true subject to his Highness. Tts
This speech of George Browne startled the other bishops and lords so, that at last, through great difficulty, it passed; upon which speech Justice Brabazon seconded him, as appears by his letter to the Lord Thomas Cromwell, then lord privy seal of England; which original is in that famous library of Sir Robert Cotton, out of which Sir James Ware, that learned antiquary, transcribed the same.
Within few years after that the act of supremacy had passed in Ireland, we do find a letter written by George Browne to the Lord Cromwell, complaining of the clergy how they fell off from what had passed, and how the Bishop of Rome had contrived matters against the then reformation; collected by Sir James Ware, out of an old registry, some time in the custody of Adam Loftus, Hugh Corwin's successor, and also Archbishop of Dublin.
Right Ilonorable and my singular good Lord, L ACKNOWLEDG my bounden duty to your Lordship's good will to me, next to my Saviour Christ's, for the place I now pos. sess;
pray God give me his grace to execute the same to his glory and his Highness's honour, with your Lordship’s instructions. The people of this nation be zealous, yet blind and unknowing; most of the clergy, as your Lordship hath had from tre before, being ignorant, and not able to speak right words in the mass or liturgy, as being not skilled in the Latin grammar; so that a bird may be taught to speak with as much sense as several of them do in this country. These sorts, though not scholars, yet are crafty to cozen the poor common people, and to dissuade them from following his Highness's orders: George, my brother of Armagh, doth underhand occasion quarrels, and is not àctive to execute his Highness's orders in his diocess.
I havé olserved your Lordship's letter of commission, and do kind several of my pupils leave me for so doing.
I will not put others in their lirinys till I do knoir your Lordship's pleasure ; for it is mert l acquaint you first, the Romish reliques and images of both my cathedrals in Dublin, of the lloly Trinity and of St. Patrick's, took off the common people from the true Worship; but the Prior and the Dean find them so sweet for their gain, that they heed not my words. Therefore send in your Lordship's, next to me, an order more fult, and a chide to them and their canons, that they might be removed. Let the order be, that the chief governors inay assist me in it. The Prior and Dean have written to Rome, to be encouraged ; and if it be not hindred before they have a mandate from the Bishop of Rome, the people will be bold, and then tug long before his Highness can submit them to his Grace's orders. The country folk here much hate