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James Blenkarne, M. A. vicar of Lancashire, aged 95, Jeanneté St. Helen's, London, and head Green, mother, grand-mother, and master of the Royal Grammar great-grandmother to 202 children, School of St. Olave, Southwark.- The Rev. Richard Wickham, She was a sincere christian, a con- vicar of Sulgrave, in Northampstant communicant, a most affec- tonshire, and of Newton Purcell tionate wife, and a tender parent.
in Oxfordshire. At Twinstead in Essex, Mrs. Lately, at the Royal Military Gray, wife of the Rev. Robert Academy, Woolwich, in the 17th Gray.
year of his age, Mr. Price Dews In his 65th year, the Hon. Thne nap, a cadet. Previous to his admas Pownall, of Everton House, mission into that Seminary, he had Bedfordshire, and formerly gover- been several years a pupil at the nor of New Jersey.--He left di- Boarding School, Chipping Norrections to be buried in Walcotton, under the direction of the Church, and that he might be laid Reverend J. Handley. His death in an oaken coffin, without orna- will long be a source of grief and ment or inscription; that eight lamentation to his numerous surmen should carry him to the grave .viving relatives; and is sincerely without any pall, and that a new and deservedly regretted by a large suit of clothes should be given to circle of juvenile acquaintance, to them, of any colour they might whom he had endeared himself by choose. He was attended only by his conciliating manners and amiahis house-keeper and man servant. ble disposition. His graceful perHis body was opened, and it was son, and strong manly sense, gainascertained that his death was not ed him universal admiration. He from any decay of the system, but excelled, not only in the ordinary that a gangrene had formed about scholastic attainments, but in se the heart, which had stopped the veral of the present fashionable circulation,
and polite accomplishments. His At Reading, of a decline, aged life, though short alas! may justly only 26, the Rev. Charles Higgs, be said to have been spent unFellow of New College, Oxford. stained with any one vice, and
In her 72d year, the Right Hon. marked with every virtue that can the Countess Dowager of Dart- adorn the juvenile state: “ Durum: mouth.
sed leviús fit patientia, Quidquid At Lower Barton, near Preston, corrigere est nefas."
The Book defended by Scrutator, we are of opinion does not merit the distinction it has received. To the other sentiments of our Correspondent, however, we cannot object.
We recommend it to our friend, who favoured us with a letter or Sunday Drills, to give it a revision,
The Extract from Cave shall be inserted.
We must have the whole of the Essay on the Church, before we can insert a part. That which we have received is unobjectionable.
We shall be glad to be favoured with the other Letters of Bishop Wren.
Mr. Evanson's two Letters have been received.
Joina, or the day of Atonement; Eusebius on the state of Methodism in Clerkenwell; F.R.S. on Balaam; and other valuable favours, cane too late for the present Number, but will certaily appear in our next.
MAGAZINE AND REVIEW,
FOR APRIL 1805.
Persecuted but not forsaken'; cast down but not destroyėd_rji Cor. iv 9.
THE LIFE OF MATTHEW WREN, D.D.
SOME TIME LORD BISHOP OF ELY ;
With two original Letters of his, now first printed. Having been favoured by a Correspondent with some original manuscript
letters of this persecuted and eminently learned Prelate, we dhiought it would be suitable to prefix to them a' memoir of the author.
ATTHEW Wren was the son of Francis Wren, a
citizen of London, but of a family in the bishoprick of Durham. He received his academical education at Pembroke Hall, Cambridge, of which he became fellow, and soon after chaplain to that excellent prelate, Dr. Lancelot Andrewes, bishop of Winchester. For his learning he was chosen Master of Peterhouse, and Vice. Chancellor of Cambridge. He was also chaplain to Charles the first, when Prince of Wales, and in 1628, was preferred to the deanry of Windsor. On the pro motion of Bishop Juxon he was made clerk of the closet to the king; in 1634, prebendary of Westminster, and shortly afterwards bishop of Hereford, from whence the year following he was translated to Norwich. In 1636, he was appointed dean of the chapel royal, and in 1638, removed to the see of Ely. He discharged his public daty with great diligence and zeal; but his pressing uniformity with earnestness brought upon him the hatred of the puritanical party. He was one of the barliest sufferers ainong the clergy in the rebellion, and was the first bishop deprived by the long parliament. La -2640, ia committee was appointed to draw up a charge against him ona petition from the inhabitants of Ipswich, and in cansequence he was not long after yoted unworthy Vol. III. Churchm. Mug. April 1805.
to hold any spiritual promotion. He joined with his brethren, the bishops, in the petition and protestation to the king and lords, in consequence of their being prevented by the popular tumult from attending the house of peers; and for which they were all sent to the Tower on a charge of treason, but were afterwards released on bail. Bishop Wren theo retired to his house at Downbram, where he was soon after apprehended by a party of soldiers, and sent again to the Tower, where he continued till the end of the year 1659, without any charge or accusation being preferred against him during that long and tunultuous period. In his confinement he had no other books but the Bible, and a Greck Lexicon, which he had ased at school, yet without any other help than these and a strong memory, well supplied with various reading, he drew up a complete refutation of Socinianism, which was printed in 1660, under the title of Increpatio Bar. Jesu : sive Polemicæ adsertiones locorum aliquot S. Scripturæ ab'imposturis perversionum in catechesi Racoviana, 4to. This work was afterwards reprinted in Pole's Synopsis Criticorum. The triumphant party were not content with imprisoning the bishop, but they sequestred his property, reduced his family to the greatest distress, and even deprived him of his books and papers, but the few he saved by stealth. To such a miserable condition indeed was he reduced, that in 1660, when his son Thomas was created M. D. at Oxford, the Chancellor's letter for that purpose acquaints the convocation, “that the pressures under which his father lay for seventeen years together, were such that he could not (his estate being taken away) allow his children bread, much less supply their expences' for living in colleges, and the taking their degrees.
At the restoration the bishop' recovered his diocese, and though he had suffered so much, he perforined several munificent actions, one of which was the building an elegant chapel at Pembroke Hall, which he consecrated himself, and in which he was interred in 1667, aged about 81 years. He endured his greatest troubles with remarkable patience and magnanimity, as bis several letters evince. He was a man of great learning, and particularly versed, says. lord: Clarendon, in the old Jiturgies of the Greek and Latin churches, on which account he was employed by Archbishop Laud in preparing the Liturgy and Canons for the church of Scotland.
Besides his book against the Socinians, he printed a few sermons; and some of his letters are in Colomesius's collection, entitled Epistolæ variæ ad viros doctiss. The bishop was uncle to the celebrated architect and mathema tician, Sir Christopher Wreo.
TO MR. BEAUMONT *.
nium mihi funestissiinam nunc exaret. - Benedictus tamen semper sit Deus, qui telum jain intorsit mihi, quod penitus sauciat et tantuin non enicat. Cætera omnia hactenus mihi (our Osw) levia fuere, habitaque ferè pro nihilo: Captivum abduxerant? Animus tamen remansit liberrimus. fædis calumniis onerârant ? Sed Triumphus mihi succrevit à Veritate. Bona omnia harpagârant? Et minore cum molestiâ post carui, quam fruebar anteà. Verum nunc qudd lectissimam, fidissimam, piissimam ; ou guyov omnium optimam diu expertam, dehinc carenduma eâ sit, sola Divina gratia præstare potest, ut buic dolori ferendo par sina.
Dicat ille mibi, (pronus veneror) Apret bol in zapis us. Succlament, qui mihi benè velint, rsroute. Tu vero, pro tuâ prudentia, adsis comitèr meis, ut sciant quantam jacturam fecerint, solando tamen, firmandoque, quantum poteris, ne tanta procellâ absorbeantur. Edoce eus, quo destitutiores facti sunt opis humanæ, ed alacrius impensiusque confugiendum esse ad aram Supremi Numinis.
Tantum est, quod impræsentiarum inter secretos siagultus poteram. Valete.
The following Letter has no Direction. Sepostà Curarum mearum (hac præsertim calamitosâ tempestate, non paucarum) reliquâ mole, ad unam illam
* This person is supposed to have been Joseph Beaumont, fellow of Peterhouse, who was ejected in 1644 by the Earl of Manchester. He was at that time also Rector of Kelshall in Hertfordshire. In 1664, being then D.D. he was presented to the rectory of Bailey in the same county, He became master of his college; regius professor of divinity
at Cambridge and prebendary of Ely. He died in 1699, aged 84. Dr. Beaumont wrote an allegorical poem entitled Psyche or Love's mystery folio; and a collection of his poems was printed in 1749, in 4to.
et omnium fere primam, quam tuæ jampridem fidei commisi, animum hodie visum est appellere. Scire autem ex te aveo, non solum quid agat filius, aut per decem jana (plus minus) menses rure egit. Quid in Græcis, quid in Dialecticis atque philosophicis profecit; Veruin etiam quo semper animo, atque affectu se gerat; summine Numinis assiduum super omnia se Cultorem sanctè præstet; Post Deum, an in Parentum Obsequia totus feratur; cujus rei (quia ipsi absumus) existimandæ copiam ea res dat,
Si præceptorem sancti debere Parentis,
Ne me celes igitur rogo, ut se hæ res habeant. Dic Apertè an studeatur, non quasi in magepye, sed totâ navâque operâ; An prima et præcipua studia in iis rebus collocentur, quæ tibi (atque ex meo jam sæpe mouitu) videntur præferendæ persequendæque: An in Notatis (quicquid agat) primum deligendis, dein colligendis, desudetyr sine fraude, aut fastidio; An quæ ex aliquâ interdum incuriâ, aut ignaviâ obrepunt in studiis ejus vsspónata, șive opremuasso, mox per ingenuam, mitemque animi indor dem, perque suaves et morigeros affectus, et per subsequentium dierum ultronea officia, atque industriam abundè reparentur; Uno verbo, An opera assidua ab ipo detur, tales profectus faciendi, qui votis meis paternis respondeant, sic ut haud facile mihiqfuerit arbitrari, filium habeam doctiorem an probiorem, optimisque literis, an moribus excultiorem.
Quâ in re, quò disertum à te responsum referre possim, quid jam jam expertus sis, et quid de futuro optimè vel speres vel formides, hoc ipsum quod scribo monstres ei velim, ut ipse clarè sentiat, quid à te, quid ab illo postulem, quid cupiam, voveamque.
Deum porro veneror, ut conceptas de ipso spes meas intelligam neque decollâsse, neque emarcuisse,
Valeatis verò usque cum Bono Deo.