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narchs, and if the characters in this comedy were properly cast, it? might become one of the stock pieces of the stage. The poems indicate a delicate and elegant mind, which, if it had not been seduced into the thorny path of politics, might have produced many. works of standard merit. These precious relics of the amiable author are preceded by a short, and, we believe, an impartial biography, The whole was prepared and arranged by his widow, and published by subscription, for her advantage. We are glad to see a very large list of subscribers, as we trust that the publication has been beneficial to the family of the author, as well as honourable to his memory: We have always understood that Mr. Richardson eminently contribu-'s ted to that popular engine of its party, the Rolliad, and we find that the fact is ascertained in this publication by a specification of the numbers which came from his hand. The whole forms a very handsome quarto volume, and is enriched with a head of the author, engraved from an excellent portrait by Shee, which has all the spirit, and fidelity usual in the works of that able artist, and animated poct.
SCIENTIFIC AND MISCELLANEOUS INTELLIGENCE.
'In a very late number of Tilloch's justly celebrated Philosophical Magazine, we observe that an octavo volume is just published in London, entitled Facts and Experiments on the use of sugar in feeding stock, with an appendix, containing an account of two sugar fed oxen, which obtained Lord Somerville's prize at the late cattle show. So much is said and written of late, by the whole choir of Chymists on the nutriment to be derived from saccarine matter, that we are compelled to believe something on the faith both of integrity and science; and yet the results of experiments, upon children, the aged, and the dyspeptic, are so much at variance, that the mind is frequently perplexed with the adjustment of opposing probabilities. We shall be extremely glad if, by the aid of some of the learned, we could peruse a satisfacto ry as well as a scientific memoir upon this interesting topic.
Joseph Gandy, A. R. A. has just published a very interesting work in quarto, price two guineas, entitled Designs for Cottages, Cottage Farms, and other rural buildings; including entrance Gates and Lodges. Designed in a style of superior beauty, and possessing every advantage of interior accommodation, and economical arrangement, with forty-three plates, each accompanied with a ground plan, estimate, and letter press descriptions.
Plate 1, a cottage of one room, for a labourer, gate keeper, &c. 2, another. 3, a cottage with conveniences for keeping pigs, &c. 4, do. of two rooms, intended for a park. 5, a double cottage. 6, a cottage for a labourer who kecps a cow, &c. 7, another. 8, do. of two rooms. 9, do. with a bed room above stairs. 10, an ornamental cottage for a gentleman's grounds. 11, cottage with bed rooms above. 12, cottage with cow house, &c. under one roof. 13, ornamental cottage for a park. 14, a cottage dwelling of two rooms. 15, picturesque cottage for a shepherd. 16, cottage and bridge. 17, country residence with bed rooms above. 18, plan for two or four cottages on the banks of a river, and sketch for a bridge. 19, picturesque íarm dwelling. 20, a small country l'esidence. 21, a cottager's dwelling. 22, a greenhouse and conservatory, with residence for the gardener. 23, farrier's shop, with stables and habitation annexed. 24, a picturesque cottage of three rooms. 25, a cottage of three rooms. 26, habitation near a market town. 27, a picturesque building, designed for a public house. 28, residence for a markot man. 29, a double cottage, with conveniences for farming. 30, picturesque double cottage. 31, it small farm. 32, picturesque farm house. 33, a grazing farm. 34, gentleman's farming residence. 35, circular group of eight cottages. 36, plan for a village. 37, a country residence, or hunting box. 33, a double lodge, an arched entrance to a park. 99, single lodge and gate. 40. single lodge and covered way. 41, a double lodge, consisting of thatched cones. 42, a lodge with octagon piers and ornaments. 43, a lodge and arched gate way.
Another work of a similar character has just made its appearance, with the following interesting title :
The Rural Architect; consisting of various designs for country buildings ; accompanied with ground plans, estimates of expenses, and descriptions. Here we have graphical representations of cottages of the most simple form, and economical construction ; offices, dairies, mills, group of cottages, designed for the neighbourhood of a manufactory, gardener's cottage, bath, double cottages, cottages for three, four, or five families, ornamental cottages, plan of a manufactory and workshops, groups of cottages designed upon a principle of exciting emulation and rewarding meritorious exertion, habitation for an overscer of labourers, arablc, dairy, and grazing farms, an inn, villas and small country dwellings, entrance gates, single and double lodges, &c. &c.*
A practical husbandınan, of the highest authority, assures his countrymen, that the golden rule of agriculture to use such manures as will make heavy land lighter, and light land heavier, cold land hotter, and hot land colder must never be lost sight of. He who knows and follows this rule, and he only is a farmer.
The art of printing from stone continues to be practised with great success on the continent. At Stutgard a printing office has been established, for a more extensive application of this new invention. The engraving of music has been the chief branch to which it has hitherto been directed on the continent.
More balloons ! We had supposed, that, since the frightful fall, and horrible death of poor Rozier, that balloons were greatly on the decline ; but it seems that aerial navigation is again revived.
M. Degen, a watchmaker of Vienna, has invented a machine for raising a person into the air. It is formed of two kinds of parachutes of taffeta, which may be folded up or extended at pleasure. M. Degen inade several public experiments, and rose to the height of fifty-four feet, t flying in all directions with the celerity of a bird.
On the 22d August, 1808, Messrs. Andreoli and Brioschi, of Padua, ascended in a balloon, amidst an immense concourse of spectator's. Soon after leaving the ground, the barometer having fallen to fifteen inches,
• This and the preceding article we copied, that our booksellers may import these useful books into America, and that vulgar Ignorance and Prejudice may, at least in this instance, discern that Genius and Art, even in a monarchy, do not always toil for the aristocracy alone ; but that poor men's cottages, as well as rich men's palaces, are wisely planned and econo. mically erected. Editor.
† Our friend, M. Degen, the German watchmaker, is now perfecily well qualified to publish a supplement to Dr. Johnson's dissertation on the art of flying, so satisfactorily expounded in Rasselas. Bit our volunt Viennese is not the only high-Ayer on the continent, as we learn below; but if the palpitation either of fear or anguish, or the lethargy of palsy are to be the consequences of soaring, let us, in the name of Prudence anel lumanity, grove! on the ground. Editor.
M. Brioschi began to feel an extraordinary palpitation of the heart. The barometer afterwards fell to twelve inches, and he was overcome vitli a gentle sleep, which ended in a complete lethargy. The balloon continued ascending; and when the barometer stood at nine, M. Andreoli perceived the machine was completely inflated, and that he could not move his left hand. The mercury continuing to descend marked eight inches and a half, [about six miles and a quarter high) a violent detonation* was heard from the balloon, which then descended with great rapidity, and M. Brioschi awoke. The aeronauts alighted safely on the hill of Eugenea, not far from Petrarch's tomb, about twelve miles from Padua. The voyage lasted from half past three until half past eight o'clock.
The appearance of an enormous sea serpent, t eighty feet long and of proportionate bulk, among the western isles of Scotland, appears to be fully proved by respectable testimony.
Baron Lutgendorf, long known as a traveller and voyager, has contrived a machine by which a person may exist under water, without fear of being drowned. It is a kind of cuirass, which admits of the body assuming every possible position, and which is said to be extremely useful in saving persons in danger of being drowned. The police of Vienna have purchased a considerable number of these machines, with the view of bringing up drowned persons from the bottom of the Danube.
James C. Murphey, of Edward-street, Cavendish square,, architect, who, during a residence of eight years on the continent, has discovered the manner of designing, making, and forming mosaics, and ornaments in the Arabian style, which he purposes to apply to divers art and manufactories, has obtained a patent for the same.
* Anglice, the balloon burst, and why hecks were not broken does not
† Halsydrus Pontoppidani.
-FOR THE PORT FOLIO.
A POEM :
Descriptive of a Pedestrian Journey to the Falls of Niagara,
In the Autumn of 1803.
BY THE AUTHOR OF AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGY.
(Continued from page 458.)
THROUGH this sweet vale, that wooded hills enclose,
• Catharine's Creek, which forms the head waters of the Seneca Lake, and falls into its southern extremity. From this lake to the landing, a dis. tance of about five miles, the creek is navigable for large loaded boats. The country between this place and Newton, on the Susquehanna, is generally level; and the distance, in a direct line, probably not more than twenty miles. The practicability of uniting these two waters, by a canal, at a comparative. ly small expense, and the immense advantages that would result from the completion of such an undertaking, have long been evident to all those acquainted with that part of the country.
† Some of these trees, owing to the richness of the soil, grow to an extraordinary size. I measured one that was nearly thirty feet in circumference.
The fishing-hawk, or osprey; differing considerably from the bird of that name in Europe.