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canvassed ; and we have, on more occasions than one, inserted, with a readiness that at least indicated honesty, observations in answer to, or in correction of our own statements. It is not criticism, then, but unfair criticism, that we deprecate ; the style that deals in broad assertion, and coarse invective that blindly imputes motive, and ignorantly declaims against principle — that judges without enquiry, and convicts without evidence-and to which an imputation is more valuable for its malignity than for its truth :against such we must protest as Christians and as Authors; nor are we willing to give slander circulation, by any detailed notice of its ephemeral attacks. When we hear ourselves called “slang journalists," " modern evangelicals," " assassins prepared to plant a stilletto-thrust in every patriotic heart," " enemies of every thing vital in the doctrine and discipline of the Established Church,"* we can only lament the bad taste and bad feeling that could either use or publish language long since banished from the vocabulary of Gentlemen, and employ it on a serious subject, and in connection with the phraseology of religion.

Of the article in question we would say a few words :-our sole object in all the observations we have presented to our readers, has been to consider for ourselves, and to induce them to consider, the circumstances of Ireland in a spiritual point of view: disclaiming originally, in our Prospectus, the manifestation of any feeling on political subjects, we have deemed it a sacred đutý not to trench on our declaration, and we trust that we have adhered to our engagement, by never bringing forward public events, but in connexion with religious interests, whether of individuals or of the community. With this view, and at the suggestion of some of our Correspondents, we penned the article in question, the sentiments contained in which, on reconsideration, we sincerely reassert; and, although they are not practically adopted by some of those whom we respect and value, we are yet sure, that while they differ from us, they give ús credit for candour and consistency.Some of our censors, and particularly the writer whose name is mentioned in the Note, have charged us with maintaining senti

* These flowers of rhetoric, and others of the same species, may be found in abundance in a letter, published in the Evening Mail, addressed to Henry MAXWELL, M. P. and signed John CROSTHWAITE, B. D. !!

ments similar to those that have been given to the public by the excellent and pious, but we think mistaken, Mr. Pope ; but the slightest examination of our pages will prove that our opinions on this subject are as far removed from his, as those of the most decided Brunswicker. To Clergymen alone did our observations extend, and in reference to the present state of Ireland—and it is amusing to find, that the very assertions respecting civil rights which the Rev. Gentleman (Mr. Crosthwaite) has put forth as having been implicitly denied by us, and yet as decisive of the question, had been, in the very article under consideration, conceded by us, and argued upon as conceded. It cannot be too much to ask from any critic, an attention to, or at least a perusal of, the work on which he animadverts, and, in fairness, we think, before our censors direct their invectives against our pages, they should make themselves acquainted with their contents.- Enthusiasm, indeed, like passion, may blind any man--and pardon, for not being able to see that the CHRISTIAN EXAMINER differed from Mr. Pope, may surely be extended to him, who, in his devotion to the cause of the Brunswick Clubs, could utter insinuations against that Gentleman's integrity-could see cause for censure in Mr. Roe having given advice under a fictitious signature—and has desecrated Scripture language and Scripture imagery, by applying the most solemn annunciations of the Redeemer's kingdom to the progress and success of political associations, which, however valuable they may be, are still but human expedients. As we are “evangelical” enough to think, contrary to Mr. Crosthwaite's dictum, that Ireland's moral reformation is to be accomplished by the Bible and the Preacher--means which the Rev. Gentleman despises or despairs of—we shall lose no opportunity of advocating what we believe to be the revealed instrument of good to our country, and although we have unwittingly assisted his political fervor, by wounding his vanity* as an Author, we can assure him, that, much as we regret

* We believe that the CHRISTIẢN EXAMINER might have dissertated, usque ad nauseam, upon wbat it conceived to be the duty of the Clergy, and upon all other subjects, without provoking Mr. Crosthwaite's indignation, had we not happened to have reviewed, some time since, two collections of Sermons by this Gentleman, and, in our simplicity, given some advice, that might have been good, but was certainly unpalatable.

1

the spirit that has appeared in his letter, we shall be happy to hail his talents and his zeál, as auxiliaries in the same great cause in which we are engaged.

It is in our contemplation to make some decided alterations in our mode of arranging and conducting our Periodical, that will, we trust, ensure more regularity in its despatch, and more space for the communications of our Correspondents. We purpose, in an early part of the ensuing year, to continue, by some translations from St. Chrysostom, the series of extracts from the Fathers that we had promised, and in part executed, some time since. If, in compliance with the suggestions of the Reformation Society, and induced by the state of the country, discussions should, as we trust they will, become general, Clergymen residing in the country, and without access to extensive libraries, will find those translations most useful auxiliaries; and, independent of any adventitious importance, they are interesting memorials of Christian integrity, valuable occasionally for eloquence, occasionally for piety, and generally for the decided testimony they bear against the prevailing errors of the Roman Catholic Church. We hope, too, to commence a series of Biography, connected with Ireland and her Ecclesiastical history, and to introduce to our readers many of those individuals, whose talents, and patriotism, and piety, shed a lustre upon her gloomy annals.

We would now again return our warmest thanks to our Friends and Correspondents, assuring them that we expect and desire their favour no longer than while they perceive in our Work, an honest endeavour to maintain the principles upon which it was founded. Circumstances vary, and the fashions of this world change—but these principles are permanent—they are drawn from the everlasting Gospel of God, and embodied in our Apostolic Church, whose formularies and whose services have been made a blessing to millions who have enjoyed her light. We would close our Address, by saying to her admirable structure, “Esto perpetua,equally inaccessible to the insidious attempts of false friends to undermine her bulwarks, and of open enemies to overthrow her ramparts.

THE

166,

CONTENTS OF VOLUME VII.

PAGE

PREFACE.

ESSAYS.

Progress of the Reformation in

Ireland

1

Excitement of the Public Mind

in Ireland for the last few
years

ib.

Danger of being too sanguine,

or too easily depressed as to

the labours of Reformation

Societies

ib.

Ninth Report of Education

Committee

2

Lord Shrewsbury and his Chap-
lain

4

Indifference of the Protestant

Gentry to the Cause of Reli.

gion

6

Usual Persecution of Converts
to Protestantismi

7

Characters of the First Refor-

mation and the Present com-

pared

8

Arguments for exertion and

perseverance in the Cause of

Truth

ib.

On the Present State of Protes-

tant Feeling with respect to

the Apostacy of the latter

times

79

Ireland and its Evils ::

157
Its Natural Resources

ib.
Cause of the obscurity that

hangs over its Politics 158
Allusion to Mr. Sadler's Work 159
Modification of Mr. Malthus's

Opinion as applied to Ireland 161
Absenteeism

162
Drs. Barker and Cheyne ib.
Review and Opinion of Mr.
Sadler's Book

162-4
Master Evil of Ireland

., 164

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worse

ib.

PAGE.

of his Church to soothe him in

his affliction—they fail ib.
Has recourse to the use of spirits ib.
His worldly circumstances get

28
He has recourse to illicit distil-
lation

ib.
Its demoralizing effect

ib.
Seizure of his illicit spirits by

an Excise officer-and death

of Mrs. Lacy
Becomes reckless

ib.
Is ejected from his farm, and

lives in a hovel adjoining it ib.
Is goaded by his brother-in-law

to become a party in the mur-
der of the Exciseman

32
Is imprisoned for the murder 33
His conduct while in prison, and

at bis trial
Is visited by the Priest who

had induced him to break his
oath

34
His excitement and remon-
strance with the priest

35
His remarks on the State of

Ireland- the causes of its
nightly outrages

36
His sincere penitence -

braces tbe Protestant faith ib.

His Request respecting his Son 37

His last interview with his Chil.

dren

ib.

Is executed

39
Samaritan Reading of Gen. xi. 32 46
On the Neglect of Joining in the

Responses
On the Attendance at the Univer-
sity Chapel

100

The Israelitish Descent of the

Irish, Scotch, and Welsh-

Letter II.

101, 262

Socinians pot Unitarians

187
On the Millennial State

191

Father Butler

109

Contemplation and Reflections

in a Country Church-yard .. ib,
Description of a Summer Even-
ing in the country

ib.

Appearance, Dress, and Agita-

tion of Father Butler 110

Inscription on Miss Upton's
Tomb

111
Reflections on the peculiar State

of a Roman Catholic Priest ib.
Conversation with Tom Gar.

rett concerning Father Butler 113

Visit to Paddy Dimnick's 115

Interview with Mrs. Dimnick ib.

The Garden Scene-Paddy at

his devotions in the tree 116

Singular Conversation with

Paddy

117

.

MISCELLANEOUS COMMUNI-

CATIONS.
The Church of Rome a True

Church
Character of the Advocates of
Popery

18
Antichristian Creed of Pope
Pius IV.

19
Rome visibly a Church

ib.
Comparison of Jews and Papists 21
Adoption of the term “ Deus”

by the Popes, in imitation of
the Roman Emperors

24
Practical belief of Romanists in

the Divinity of the Pope 25
On the Use of Hymns in Churches ib.
The Broken Oath concluded 27

Henry Lacy tries the Ordinances

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