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Egypt : Coptic Christians.-The vi- triarch, the Bishop, and the Kumus, sit of the Rev. J. R, T. Lieder, of the are obliged to live ia celibacy; but the Church Missionary Society, to the common Priest marries : only once, settlement of the Coptic Christians in however ; for a second marriage of a the Faioum, Upper Egypt, has sur- Priest among the Copts would be connished the following particulars : sidered a flagrant sin. If a Kumus

• About 300 Christian families live should wish to marry, he may obtain in Medineb--and, therefore, at least permission to do it, and may also keep 1000 souls : these are besides the Bi- his office ; but then he can never lay shop and Priests. The Christians have claim to a Bishopric. no church in Medineh : formerly they Next to these four Ecclesiastical Orhad two, but the tyrannical and rapa- ders, the Copts have three others, but cious Mahomedans have taken them lower-the Areef, which is translated away by force, and have changed them by the Catholics, Dean, the Raisinto mosques: the Christians are, there. Eshshamamiseh, which is translated fore, now obliged to go to church in Archdeacon ; and the Shammas, or the country : the next church is an Deacon. The Areefs are, in general, hour's distance from Medineh, and is those blind Schoolmasters who teach called Deir Assab. Deir signifies a the children to learn by heart sone kind of Monastery, and there are five prayers and passages of the Scriptures, such in the vicinity of Medineh. These and whose duty it is to instruct them Monasteries are most solitary, in gene- in religion ; the chief function of an ral situated far from the city and from Archdeacon is to teach some of the villages ; and, I think, out of fear and children of the rich Copts to read, and precaution, because of the rapacious also to read sometimes the Gospel in Mahomedans, who would snatch away the church ; and the Deacon is also every church, if situated near a town accustomed to teach children to read, or a village. Besides these Monaste- and to read sometimes the Epistles in teries, there are no churches in the the church. The Archdeacon and Faioum. The evil consequence of the Deacon need only to know how to great distance of the churches is, that read ; and very often little boys, of only few are able to attend, because seven or eight years of age, enjoy of the heat of the climate ; and there- these titles. by niany remain ignorant in regard to The first three Orders only are called the principles of the Christian Faith, by their proper titles, together with become indifferent, and at last turn the common title Abuna; for instance, Mahomedans.

Abuna Patriarch, Abuna Uskuf, and The Copts have eight Bishops in A buna Kumus: the fourth Order, or Egypt ; several of these live in the the common Priests, are called by Patriarchate at Caïro, and only visit their name, joined to the title Abuna ; their Bishoprics at certain times of thus, Abuna Michael, Abuna Atba

nasius ; but tbe three lower orders are Beside the Patriarch and the Bi- called only by their titles : the Areef, shops, there are 300 Coptic Priests in the Rais-Eshshamamiseb, and the Egypt ; 50 of whom live in Caïro. Shammas. Only the Patriarch, the Bishops, and The Copts, like the Catholics, make three Priests in Caïro have an annual much of the Apocrypha ; and the income: all the other Priests are ob- more so, as many principles of their liged to beg their bread and clothes Church are derived from it. They from their parishioners, and many of have an Apocryphal Book which they them live in great poverty.

call "The Praxis of the Apostles; The Copts have, properly speaking, on which they ground many of their four Ecclesiastical Orders--the Patri- ceremonies ; they say that it was arch, the Bishop, the Kumus, and the written in an assembly of the Apostles

Priest A Kumus is one who prepares in Jerusalem, like those precepts, Acts - himself to become a Bishop. if one xv. 23-39 ; but they know nothing of dies : he may properly be called Vice- its genuineness, Bishop, and no one can be ordained as The Copts administer the Holy Bishop among the Copts unless he has Supper, general, every Sunday in previously been a Kumus. The Pa- their churches, but only the bread,

the year.

and every one who wishes may par- which was gracefully entwined a large take of it ; but the wine is received by braid of hair, passing high over her only a few, whom the priests think forehead: she was decked in a long, worthy of it :- with these they go into light-brown, silk mantle, with edges a separate room, and give them two or trimmed withi sable : her head was three spoonfuls of wine ; for the Copts, resting on a pillow of yellow silk, like the Abyssinians, administer the beautifully figured with gold : a small wine by means of a spoon, The bread coverlet of the same was spread over of the Sacrament any one may receive the lower part of the body, and hung without preparing himself for it : but down from the foot of the bier : she not so the wine ; if any person wishes seemed like one who had thrown her. to partake of this, he is obliged to self on a couch, to rest a little from fast some days before and after, and the fatigues of a journey. No coffin, is to abstain from spitting for several no shroud, none of the wonted habihours."

liments of the dead were seen: on

each side of the bier were large waxen Syria. - The Maronite patriarch has candles ; and around were standing lately issued the following interdict, hundreds of sympathizing friends, denouncing excommunication against each bearing a lighted taper in his all of his flock who dare to hold any hand. Half-an-hour, or more, the intercourse with the missionaries. Priests alternately chanted and recit.

“ We command and ordain, by the ed the Burial Service ; and, at short word of the Lord that is Almighty, intervals, nnmbers united in a sacred with regard to all our people and chil. soug: the Scriptures were opened, dren of the Maronite Denomination, and from the Ancient Greek was read, of whatever character they may be, The hour is coming, in the which all whether Priests or people, of what that are in the graves shall hear His ever rank or office, that they separate voice, and shall come forth. themselves from these individuals, the “ An ancient Priest, with a long Bible-Men, followers of the Scrip- boary beard, standing by the side of tures, with a perfect separation, as to the dead, in their own native dialect, all connection and commerce what- then addressed the people. He stood ever, whether it be religious or world. there, he said, to speak for her who ly- that is to say, let there be with could no longer speak for herself ; these individuals neither buying nor and, for her, to forgive any, who selling, neither borrowing nor lend- nigbt ever in any way have injured ing, neither giving nor receiving her. If she had herself injured any, Let no one learn in their schools, even he hoped that now they would freely though they be schools for tke poor forgive her ; the assembly, with unitand ignorant; and let no one teach in ed voice, responding, “ We forgive ! them any sort of science, or any sort and may she also be forgiven of her of language whatever. Moreover, let God !'--then crossed themselves, and no one dwell with them, as a hired bowed. The crowd then parted, and man or servant, in any capacity what. the relatives of the deceased drew ever, And after the publication of near ; the eye of the husband was this our Circular, whosoever shall now, for the last time, fixed on the dare to transgress this our command in dear object of his affections; and, as his temerity, if he be a Priest, he falls he gazed, the falling tear bespoke the by that act under the condemnation of anguish which he felt : thrice he the loss of office ; and if he be one of crossed himself, then bowed and kissed the common people, he falls under the the cheek now cold in death; and so great excommunication, the power of feeling, so affectionate, was this last absolution from which is reserved to farewell, that no one could pronounce ourself.”

it a ceremony merely : all the tender

ness of a parting scene was there. Smyrna.-The late Rev. Elnathan “ The deceased was then borne to Gridley, American Missionary, gives the depository of the dead ; and, the following interesting account of when laid in the tomb, the Priest the funeral of a Greek female, which poured oil on her head, repeating he had an opportunity of witnessing : from one of the Psalms of David, The

" A low bier, standing near the earth is the Lord's and the fulness therecentre of the church-floor, bore the of ; the world, and they that dwell corpse : it was the remains of a female.

therein." On her head was a white turban, in


tion while the other includes the chilReligious Elementary Education.- dren of both sexes. Under the Austrian government the state of elementary education in Bel- Prussian Schools.- In the present gium was most deplorable, being States, according to the census of confided, for the most part to ignorant 1825, there were 12,256,725 inbabiand prejudiced monks. During the tants, of whom were 4,487,461 chil. administration of the French, matters dren under fourteen years of age, so were very little altered – but since the that the latter formed above a third formation of the Netherlands, govern- of the whole population. The numment has done much for the education ber of children is so great, that a very of its subjects, although it has met large proportion of the earnings of the with great opposition.

The manu

poorer classes is expended on them ; facturing classes having it in their one of the most serious charges is that power to amass wealth with compara- for education ; even assuming that tive ease, have little feeling of the their instruction in the public school want of instruction, while the clergy does not commence till they have comdecry the public establishments, and pleted their seventh year, about three endeavour to attract the youth to the sevenths, that is in the Prussian domiminor seminaries. The government, nions above !,920,000 of them are in however, is not without encouragement want of it. Every three years lists are to proceed, as it is seconded by many published, shewing the number of pubpbilanthrofic individuals animated by sic schools, of the masters and misThe success already obtained. Each tresses employed, and of the children province is now divided into a certain of both sexes wbo receive instruction number of district-schools with an in- in them; at the end of the year 1825, spector, who is responsible for the state

there were of education throughout the district Elementary schools for both assigned to bim. He is bound to look


20,887 to the execution of the rules, to visit Central schools for boys,.. 458 the schools, and report their situation. Ditto giris, 278 736 According to the instructions here, the legal adviser of the teachers, whom he

Total,........ 21,623 is charged to direct in the manner best In these schools are employed fitted to promote education. He is to Masters,...

22,261 advise on the necessary measures with Mistresses,..

704 the local and general authorities of the scholastic establishments, as well as for

22,965 the appointment of teachers. None Besides 2,021 Assistant Masters and of these can be admitted without a cer- Mistresses. tificate of ability, signed by the provincial commission--for scholastic in- Protestants in France. - The Prostruction, and they are obliged to pay testants residing in France are divided every attention to propriety of con- into two communions, viz. the Lutheduct and cleanliness. The situation rans, or those who adhere to the Cona of teachers is obtained at the competi- fession of Augsburg, and the Reformed, tions. There are two Normal Schools or Calvinists, who adhere to the Confor teachers, one at Harlem, and the fession of Geneva. From the “Staother at Liere. Periodical meetings tistique des Eglises Reformées de of the teachers for the purpose of com- France, par A. Soulier," jnst pub. municating their experience are en- Jished, we learn that the Protestants couraged by the government. A of the Reformed (or Calvinistic) comchart of the low countries similar to munion have 438 edifices consecrated that of France by M. Dupin has been to public worship, in which 305 pasdrawn up by M, Sommerhausen-the tors officiate. . These are governed by result of the documents furnished for 98 consistorial and oratorial bodies, this map shows, that while in France (consistoriales et oratoires.) There are the most uninstructed department 451 Bible Societies and Associations, sends only one scholar in 268 inhabi- 124 Missionary Societies and Associatants to the Schools, the same province tions, 59 Societies and Depositories in the Netherlands sends only one in for the circulation of Religious Tracts, 17 or even 14-at the same time it is 8 Provident Societies, 79 Sunday to be remarked that M, Dupin's calcu- Schools, and 392 Elementary and lation embraces only the male popula Boarding Schools. For the education

of young men for the sacred office, cal literature and philosophy. By a there are two theological faculties ; decree dated January 11, 1828, Baron one at Montaubon, the other at Stras- Cuvier (a Protestant,) is appointed bourg. In both there are professors Director-General of the affairs of the of theology, evangelical morality, ec- Protestant churches in France ;-a clesiastical history, sacred philology, noinination which appears to have and pulpit eloquence ;, and at Mon- given great satisfaction in that country. tauban there are professors of classi


We know not whether the following the shame ; but may be the time will article will be thought to come pro- come when he will recover his looks, perly under the denomination of " Re- and I hope it is not far off. For a far. ligious Intelligence,” but as it arrived thing I would have pulled the Countoo late for insertion in any other part sellor out of that window the day he of our present Number, and as it con- was making the speech, for he abused tains “ Intelligence " relative to the our landlord, my Lord L. and that only manners and feelings of our peasantry because he wishes the poor to read, and which may be interesting to our English write, and know the word of God.' readers, we have given it insertion This honest fellow seemed to speak here, (though at the expence of omit- from bis heart, and I gave him an exting other matter,) rather than defer it tra shilling on leaving the inn. to another month :

Next day I proceeded towards TubSIX DAYS' TOUR TO THE WESTWARD. bercurry, through a wild and naked

MR, EXAMINER—I live in the centre country. About half way I visited a of the kingdom, and at the full of the school : the master was a Roman Calast moon, taking an eccentric fit, I tholic, and his pupils were of the same rambled from home just for six days, faith. I found here many of the exand send you herewith the Journal of ceptionable books specified by the all I saw and heard ; if it be worth Commissioners of Education, such as your notice, you will be pleased to have Freyney the Robber.”

I asked one it printed, if not, it may share the fate boy who had an octavo in his hand of your many

rejected addresses." what he was reading ; he replied the I am, Sir, A CONSTANT READER. history of Conny the Bear.' 'Not have

My first stage was to Boyle. Here ing ever heard of such a bear, I looked I rambled about, and observed that my at the title page, and found it to be Lord L. had made many improvements; 4 Defence of Revealed Religion, by the town has of late assumed a very Dr. Conybeare! This book, though peat appearance. I was quite vexed at suited to a senior sophister, was not seeing a modern-sash window in one of exactly intelligible to a boy of twelve the ivy mantled towers of the beanti- years. I recommended the master to ful Abbey! Oh such taste! as ridi- put his school under some Education culous as to see a venerable old gen. Society, but he said the Clargy liked tleman dressed like a dandy. Walking his school very well, and that he had over the bridge, I was grieved to ob- as many scholars as he could teach.' I serve my friend King William daubed heard here with pleasure that a Mr. over with lampblack. How comes this,' H. who has property in the neighsaid I to the waiter at the inn? : Why, bourhood, has introduced a clause in Sir, we have had Mr.O'Connell preach- every lease he makes, binding his teing out of that window to a fair full of nants to send their children to a school people a few days ago, and the statue be has opened, in which the Scriptures 'was spattered the way you see it the are read, and that in consequence his very night after, though I hear that school is overflowing. I wish every King William was a good warrant to landlord would follow his example. let every man go to church, meeting, My next halting place is called The or chapel, as each one pleased ; these Gap. This is a niountain pass between times his Majesty never has a clean the county Sligo and Mayo ; the sceface, not even of a Sunday, and more's nery here is wild and romantic; the VOL. VII.

2 H

road winds round a lake on the top of at the noise, and began to use fis two the mountain. I was told a gentleman arms, which looked as thick as the resided a mile from this road, on a shafts of the cart there without, but a part of the mountain 800 feet or more blow of the but end of a pistol on the above the level of the sea. He must forehead soon quieted him. It dow be very fond of cold and solitude. I came out that the gang bad robbed fed my horse at a public house here. the house of an industrious man named • This is a wild country, Madam,' said Dalton, about nine miles distant, and I to the landlady. Why, then, its on searching the pockets and parcels of yourself may say that, Sir, but we are the gang, all the bank notes and goods all now, thank God, quiet enough, were found ; a patrol of police hapSir, since Captain Sweeny and his gang pened to come up at the time, and the were discovered.' Here a dish of new wicked crew were all marched off to a potatoes came in, and whilst I was magistrate, who sent them to Castlebar eating some with milk, I begged of my gaol, from whence they were translandlady to tell me all about the Cap- ported at the following Assizes, and taio. That I will, your honor, as well they deserved it. Thanks be to well as I can speak, for my heart is God, we have all been quiet since, ex• jumping out of my mouth every time cept when the neighbours fight over a I think of the gang. Well, your ho- still, but that soon goes off.' nor, one night last February was a Walking to the side of the lake aftwo year, just at day break, a knock ter my hostess had finished her tale, I came to the door. Who's that?' I observed a poor woman standing on a said. • Its only a friend,' was the an- large stone that was in the water; she swer,- let me in, for I am cold and had a small wooden disb in her hand, wet.' Well to be sure I could'nt re. containing some worms, and now and fuse, for the night was dispirit with then was dropping a worm into the frost and sleet ; and upon my opening water ;-and for what, Mr. Examiner, the door I did see such a giant of a man do you think she did so? You will be that I trimbled all over me, and not amazed, no donbt, when I tell you. only himself but thirteen others at his This woman had a sick child at home, heels, and every one of them with a and this lake contains a holy fish, and bundle on his back. Well, your ho. to procure the aid of this fish to reconor, in they came, and such a crew no ver her child, she visited the lake, and one ever beheld – all covered with mud hoped to see the fish by dropping the aud dirt, and hardly able to drag a worms into the water !! The fish, leg after them. When I could speak, however, did not happen that day to I asked them to be seated, thougb they be hungry, and would not appear, to did'nt wait for my civility, for down the no small disappointment of the they all sat, and began to make a fire. mourning mother! This place abounds I knew them all to be on some bad

with chalybeate spas ;

I observed business, but I thought it right to be several springing out of the road un. civil to them. They told me they had der my feet, smuggled tobacco, and wanted to know I arrived at Ballina in the epening, if there was any police near at hand. This is a thriving town, and beautiWell, after much talking among them- fully situated ; a splendid Popish chaselves, sleep came over them, and pel is erecting at present, which I was down they all lay upon some straw : informed would require £20,000 to and sure enough they snored as loud complete. Doctor M H. « him of Maas if all the hogs of Buninaddin were ronia,” resides here, and has prevailed, in the house. Well, your honor, after I hear, on many Protestants to subsleeping for odds of an hour or two, scribe towards this chapel. Driving did I hear a rap at the door, and with- out next day to Killala, I was shocked out my opening it in came a man, to see several devotees bowing down to asking if any travellers stopt with me. stones near the town! This is called I pointed to the party that were snor- performing stations ; I met a party of in; about the fire, and heard the man women barefooted on this duty ; & who entered the house say to some one comely fat lady led the way at a quick at the door, • Come in, and we will pace. After driving some miles, I met nab them all.” So in came balf a the same party, they had described a dozen decent looking men, armed with large circle in their walk of no less old pistols and sticks, and secured the than four miles, and were proceeding strongest of the gang wbile asleep. at the same rapid pace. The leader, Captain Sweeny was the first to awake on again meeting me, laughed, as if she

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