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by Timias, and ultimately saved by Belphabe. ther-in-law, than the Earl of Wilton ; and, alHave we not here a most perfect allegory ? for is though the book was written after 1590, it must not Amoretta the impersonation of Queen Eliza have been conceived several years earlier, at the beth's amorous disposition, of her Venus blood, same time as the legend of Britomart in the third which is fortunately kept in subjection and con- book-perhaps in 1585, when the Queen buckled trouled by her chastity ? — as Sidney says of on her armour, and sent Leicester as CaptainGynecia: “ of most unspotted chastity, but of so General into the Netherlands. And it should not working a mind, and so vehement spirits, as a man be overlooked, that Artegall is mentioned in the may say, it was happy she took a good course; second book:for otherwise, it would have been terrible."
“As Artegall and Sophy now been honoured.” And is not Scudamour also intended for Ra
Book II. ix. 6. legh? As Amoretta and Belphæbe are repre- It has been shown, the three preceding books of sentations of the same lady, the same rule must the Faerie Queenethe second, third, and fourthbe applied to their lovers, or the whole allegory are intimately connected with the Arcadia : in falls to the ground. The seven months' captivity which romance Sir Henry, as Euarchus, is apof Amoretta, and Scudamour's inability to rescue pointed judge in the trial of the two princes, and her, may refer to Ralegh's campaign in the Ne-condemns them to death ; nor will he revoke the therlands in 1578: whilst the flames and sulphu- | sentence, even after the discovery of their being rous enchantments of Busirane would represent his only son and nephew:the Spanish artillery; and the assistance of Bri “At length, with such a kind of gravity as was near to tomartis might be an allusion to the battle of sorrow, he thus uttered his mind : I take witness of the Rimini, cained by the valour of the English and immortal gods,' said he, O Arcadians! that what this Scots. It should also be noted, Florimell suffers
day I have said hath been out of my assured persuasion,
what justice itself and your just laws require, &c. ... a seven months' captivity, so that the poet appears
If rightly I have judged, then rightly I have judged to refer to some particular period.
mine own children: unless the name of a child should These three beautiful tales of Amoretta, Bel- | have force to change the never-changing justice. No, phæbe, and Florimell, denote not only Spenser's i no, Pyrocles and Musidorus, I prefer you much before my love and esteem for Ralegh, but also testify to the
life, but I prefer justice as far before you."" high position Ralegh must have held in her ma- | When we see in numerous passages how warmly jesty's favour at that time. In support of these | Philip eulogizes his father's love of justice, we can opinions, we may adduce the beautiful apostrophe scarcely have a doubt of Spenser's intention ; to Ralegh in the Introduction to the third book, especially as it is the Redcrosse Knight who, in which must be regarded as the key-note to these the third book, describes to Britomartis the virtwo books.
tues of Artegall; and the line — It is generally supposed Spenser became ac “ Achilles' arms which Artegall did win," quainted with Ralegh in Ireland, during his secre
so puzzling to Upton, and inexplicable with retaryship, but this is a serious error ; as Ralegh is
ference to Lord Grey, is singularly applicable to Timias, Prince Arthur's squire, he must have
Sir Henry Sidney, who “distinguished himself on been Spenser's honoured friend long before April, many occasions, and particularly in single combat 1580.
with a Scottish chieftain, whom he overthrew and The false Florimell is of course Mary, Queen
stripped of his arms;" and this very combat ocof Scots; with her lovers, Blandamour and Pa
curred in Ulster. ridell, the Earls of Northumberland and West
Radigund, the Amazon, who takes Artegall moreland. Mary — who, like Helen of Greece,
prisoner, “and in his hand a distaffe to him gave," was an apple of discord to Britain -- is also very
is a satire on Queen Elizabeth, who repeatedly indistinctly depicted in Dame Hellenore; whose
terfered with Sir Henry's upright and impartial husband, old Malbecco, would be the Earl of
arl of administration of justice. In this fifth book we Shrewsbury.
have the trial of Mary, Queen of Scots, “hight Book V.“ The Legend of Artegall or Justice." |
Duessa," who is accused of murder, sedition, and It seems to be universally accepted that, by Ar- |
adultery: so there can be no doubt the poet tegall, is intended Lord Grey, Earl of Wilton, to
points at her as Acrasia, Hellenore, and the false whom Spenser had been secretary during his Florimell. administration in Ireland from 1580 to 1582; but
(To be continued.) it may be suspected Sir Henry Sidney is intended, and this supposition is based on the circumstance that Philip very ably defended his father's conduct in the autumn of 1577. Artegall probably
TRAITORS' GATE, TOWER OF LONDON. means Prince Arthur's equal in Spenser's estima There was a recent visit by the members of tion, and that was more likely to have been Sir the Ecclesiological Society, under its President, Henry, the father of Philip, and Leicester's bro- | A. Beresford Hope. Esq., to the Tower of London, to inspect the restoration of the early Norman of the upper part is crammed with offices, and chapel in the White Tower (which happily is disfigured in every possible manner; and the about to be used again for sacred purposes); and gloom of the Traitors' Gate is now broken up by also to take note of other praiseworthy works, the blatant noise of steam machinery for hoisting now going on within this most interesting citadel, and packing war weapons. Great credit is due to the present authorities, The vibration of the machinery has already so and especially to Lord de Ros, for the determined shaken the south-east turret, that it is now shored manner in which ill-judged innovations are re- up in order to prevent its falling. sisted ; and there seems good hope that the Tower I Can any of your readers supply particulars will now be spared from further wanton mutila as to the ceremonials attending the reception of tion. Perhaps no part of this fortified enclosure state prisoners at the Traitors' Gate, when conhas suffered more from improper use than the signed to the Tower? It would seem that the Traitors' Gate. Few people can be aware of the enormous size of the north archway must have solemn grandeur which this water-gate must have been for the admission of several barges or vessels presented in bygone times, when its architectural to pass within the present boundary of the gatefeatures were unmutilated. Gateways and bar way walls when the outer portcullis was closed, bicans to castles are usually bold and striking in and that the Thames once penetrated further to their design; but a water-gate of this kind, in its | the north.
Bexy. FERREY, F.S.A. perfect state, must have been quite unique. The internal features can now scarcely be discerned, but it may be well to describe the general plan of the structure. It consists in plan of an oblong
Minor Notes. block, each corner having an attached round tur
Curious ANACHRONISM BY AN OLD DRAMAret of large dimensions. The south archway, which
| TIST.-In The First Part of the True and Honourformed the water approach from the Thames, able Historie of the Life of Sir John Oldcastle, guarded by a portcullis, is now effectually closed
1600, 4to, Act IV. Sc. 4, the following passage by a 'wharf occupying the entire length of the
occurs : Tower. The water originally flowed through the
“ Rochester. What bring'st thou there? what, books of base of the gatehouse, and extended probably
heresy? beyond the north side of it to the Traitors' Steps, “ Sumner. Yea, my Lord, here's not a Latin book, no, not as they were called. Here the superincumbent so much as our Lady's Psalter. Here's the Bible, the Testamass of the gateway is supported by an archway
ment, the Psalms in metre, The Sick Man's Salve, the of extraordinary boldness. Unlike the south en
Treasure of Gladness, all English ; no, not so inuch but
the Almanac's English. trance, which is of moderate span, this segmental “ Rochester, Away with them, to the fire with them, arch, with a double order of moulding, spans the entire width of the front from turret to turret Now fye upon these upstart heretics. a distance of more than sixty feet. Such an arch,
All English! burn them, burn them quickly, Clun. I think, is not to be found in any other gateway,
“ Harpool. But do not, Sumner, as you'll answer it; for
I have there English books, my lord, that I'll not part and is a piece of masterly construction. · A stair
withal for your bishopric: Bevis of Hampton ; Ouleglass; case in the north-west turret conducts to the The Friar and the Boy; Elinour Rumming; Robin Hood; galleries, or wall passages, formed on a level with and other such godly stories; which if ye burn, by this the tops of the archway. These passages are
flesh I'll make you drink their ashes in Saint Marget's lighted by loopholes through the outer walls; and
| ale." have a breastwork on the inner faces, pierced and
Sir John Oldcastle was executed in Dec. 1417. crenellated, so that each side of the gateway could
The first edition of the Bible in English, if a be guarded by soldiers, commanding the space
printed book, indeed, be here intended, appeared below as well as the outside. A little above these
in 1535. Becon's Sich Man's Salve was printed
in I passages can be traced the stone corbels, from
in 1561. The Treasure of Gladness in 1564, which the stone groining of the gateway originally
&c. As to the articles in early English popular sprung. The four angular turrets are approached
| literature, mentioned by Harpool in the text, by the wall passages ; each turret bas two tiers of none of them are known to have come from the chambers, well worthy of examination. They are
press till the beginning of the sixteenth century. beautifully groined, having elegant vaulting shafts
Sir John Oldcastle is generally assigned to Mun. with capitals and bases. The spandrils of the day, Drayton, Haughton, and Wilson. Which of groins are filled with alternate courses of light these was in the present case the offender ? and dark stone. A lancet window on each side
W. CAREW HAZLITT. (for the rooms are octangular within), lights the | ERRATA IN King's “LIFE OF Locke." - In apartment. No stranger, on looking at the Trai- Lord King's Life of John Locke (ed. 1830, vol. i. tors' Gate as it is now encumbered, could possibly pp. 357, 358), occurs a letter from Tyrrell to form an idea of its ancient dignity. The whole Locke, in which the Oxford Heads of Houses are
made to lament the “decay of long-cut exercises in case, but has not been more than hinted at in the University." This must surely be a blunder public. If any of those who are in possession of for logical; another instance of Lord King's care- the details should feel able to state them, they lessness may be seen in the same letter, where he will know to what I refer when I say that the calls Dr. Dunster Dunstan.
story is directly connected with the late Dr. B., a
clergyman of good position. At the same time, St. John's College, Cambridge.
so frequent are the stories which stagger all but Rolling The R’s.—A friend of mine, a clergy those who are blessed with à priori knowledge of man, pronounces the letter r with a whir-r-r, and what can and what cannot be, that I should not I am sorry to say I cannot avoid occasionally feel- | be surprised if I brought out more than one ing inclined to smile in church when listening to narrative about more than one Dr. B. So much him reading — more especially the prayer for the the better; the state of opinion is now favourHigh Court of Parliament, when he unconsciously able to the discussion of the evidence; and turns " religion" into “irreligion," while coupling your columns are well adapted for its collection. it with " piety."
THEODORE. To use the slang of the market, superstitions are
lively, and philosophy rules dull at less than the LETTERS OF MARQUE.— Looking over a state
old prices. paper, viz. President Lincoln's little-known pro
1. Thirty years ago, when I was what Goldsmith clamation of the 19th April, 1861, I have found a
calls “ a philosopher and a man of learning, as the very curious misstatement. In that document
rest of us is," I was in a party which was entirely the President purports to say :
composed of the like. And I was much struck by “Whereas a combination of persons engaged in such
finding that every man brought forward, as within insurrection have threatened to grant pretended letters of marque to authorise the bearers thereof to commit assaults
his own knowledge, a “very remarkable thing," on the lives, vessels, and property of good citizens of the
which was attested to him by a person on whose gecountry, &c.”
neral veracity he had entire reliance. Each of these But in point of fact, letters of marque never
very remarkable things was a sheer ghost-story, authorise their grantees to commit assaults upon
and nothing but it; and I found that the law of the lives of enemies. The common form of the
evidence was, that the better such stories were mandatum of these letters runs:
attested, the stronger the proof that they were all
delusions. In fact, the poor ghost was like Lord “ Know ye, &c., that we license and authorise the said
Say in Jack Cade's hands, — " he shall die, an it A.B. to set forth in a warlike manner the said ship called the C. D. under his command, and therewith by force of were but for pleading so well for his life." I arms to apprehend, seize, and take the ships, vessels, and mention this to remind those who know strong goods belonging to, &c. &c."
evidence in favour of any case that they will not
H. C. C. commit themselves by producing it. Public A NIECE OF OLIVER GOLDSMITH.-- The follow- | opinion will tolerate belief in two, and belief in ing, which I extract from the New York Atlas of other two, without demanding belief in four. June 20, will no doubt be interesting to the It naturally occurred to myself, and has often readers of “ N. & Q.":
been suggested by others, that these stories are all “'The niece of Oliver Goldsmith is now living in Ho. | one, or it may be two, removes from the speaker; boken, N. J., in somewhat reduced circumstances. She is the person who actually saw it does not happen the daughter of his youngest sister, Kate Goldsmith, of to be in the company. On this it may be obwhom Washington Irving, in his life of the poet, asks, served that those who have actually seen or beard •What has become of his sister Kate?!”
are usually shy of communicating to more than ROBERT KEMPT. one person at a time. And I know it may happen
that the narrator of a story about another person,
who professes himself completely staggered by it, Queries. .
owes some, it may be most, of his state of suspense
to something that has happened to himself, which APPARITIONS.
he does not like to tell, something which he “does What would be a good name for visions, appa- not know what to make of." ritions, ghosts, spectral illusions -- call them what i Those who are personally cognizant of such you will — which become sensible to two or more wonders do not like to speak of them to more than persons at once? Your columns have brought one at a time. Why? I conjecture that it is partly out the Sherbroke and Wynyard case in a very because one and the same person will frequently satisfactory manner; that is, have procured the be an inquirer and a weigher of evidence when alone real statement of the alleged facts in as definite a with another, who has his omniscience to keep up form as could have been expected. But there is when other persons are present. another case of the same kind, which has long For myself, my omniscience subsided so long been spoken of in private, like the Sherbroke ago that I hardly remember the feel of it. With
it went, first, the assurance that all ghost-stories CowTHORPE OAK, NEAR WETHERBY, YORKare delusions; secondly, the inference that, if SHIRE.-I shall feel obliged if any of your readers true, they would prove their point. Even sup- | will inform me whether or not this celebrated oak posing that the death of one person should be the is still in existence, and if it still exists, what disefficient cause of an apparition to another, it does tance it is from Wetherby. The latest record of not follow that the apparent person knew any- the tree I can meet with is in the Parliamentary thing about the matter, either before or after Gazetteer, 1843, in which publication, under the death. When such things can be mentioned head of “ Cowthorpe," it is stated that, “ On the without any crackling of thorns under the pot, estate of Lord Petre here there is a gigantic oak, we shall get many instances for comparison, and surpassing in size the famous Greendale oak at may possibly arrive at a sound conclusion.
latter tree, will be obliged if any one will give him
the dimensions of it and of its venerable neigh“ Boadicea."
bours, the Porters and the Shambles oaks. “ So the fierce tigress, when she hears afar
Chas. Jos. ASHFIELD. The hunter's murmur, rouses for the war.
51, Knowsley Street, Preston. Each spot grows rough, she opes her pliant jaws, Loosens her knees, and agitates her claws;
German Drama.- Are there any translations Then rushes boldly on her trembling prey,
from the German Drama in a volume entitled, And bears a living breathing man away, A dinner for her cubs."--Boadicea, Act II.
Poems and Translations from the German, London,
8vo, 1821 ? The translator was General Sir Wm. The above is quoted in Selections from the Best Gomme.
ZETA. Poets, p. 93, 12mo, London, 1768. It is in the part of the volume occupied by dramatic poetry.
HERALDIC QUERIES.- An old seal being found It is not in Glover's Boadicea. The Biographia in some clay, some little time since, was found on Dramatica mentions Boadicea, a Tragedy, by cleaning to bear the following arms, which I will, Charles Hopkins, 1697, which I bave not been if not heraldically, yet correctly, attempt to able to see. I shall be obliged by being informed | describe. whether the lines are there, and, if not, where. | Azure, the figure of a woman with bow and
E. H. arrow, sitting astride wbat appears to be a duck Robert Burns and George THE Fourth. -
or goose, having a tail of a dragon or wivern. In these days of royal presents, it might be in
The crest, an animal like a porcupine or armateresting to know their ultimate destination.
dillo. There is also a close helmet, and unicorns
In the account of his majesty's visit to Scotland in
for supports. The motto is, “Opiferque dicor 1822, it is stated, that —
To wbat family or person do these arms belong ? “ Mr. Auld, of Ayr, presented to the King, through the medium of the Rt. Hon. the Lord Justice Clerk, a splendid library chair, formed out of the rafters of Kirk To what family is the following coat of arms Alloway, which his Majesty was pleased to receive most likely to belong? On the dexter side, gules, a gracionsly. The general design of this valuable chair is
cross argent; sinister, argent, three rabbits or. after the manner of the enriched Gothic. On the front part of the back are formed four compartinents, termin
Crest, an angel with outstretched arms. ating in pointed arches, and surrounded with appropriate
J. W. BRYANS. carvings, executed in a style of uncomipon boldness and ! Belfield, Windermere. beauty. In these are placed as many tablets of polished brass, having inscribed on them, at full length, the well
CARDINAL HOWARD. — In Neale's Jansenist known humorous and highly descriptive tale of • Tam Church in Holland, pp. 200, 201, 204, there are o'Shanter;' while on the other side, is a clever painting facts stated which rather lead to the inference by Steven, an able Ayrshire artist, representing beroic
that the Cardinal did not regard the Jansenists Tam,' mounted on his grey mare Meg, and dasbing onwards amidst the appalling horrors of the midnight
unfavourably. I am also told that a French storm. His Majesty, out of respect to the genius of the writer (whether of this or a preceding century I great national bard, gave orders that particular care cannot say) has some remarks which tend to prove should be taken of this elegant gift."
a Jansenist leaning in the Cardinal. Can any of I should much like to know where this chair is your correspondents throw light on this point ? located now. Scotus.
J. K. CATHERINE DE MEDICIS. — Who purchased a
Highclere. very interesting picture of Catherine de Medicis JOHNSTONE THE FREEMASON. - Where can I as an infant in swaddling clothes at the Alton obtain any particulars about this Johnstone, who Towers sale, ard what was the price paid for it ? represented the Scotch n asons at Berlin ? He It was lot 86, page 6 of the Catalogue. P.P. died in prison there in 1775. C. B. CAREW.
LONGEVITY OF INCUMBENTS. - In “ N. & Q."
Queries with answers. 1st S. xi. 407, you gave some particulars of the Rev. Potter Cole, who was Vicar of Hawkesbury, RADNORSHIRE RHYME. - The following old near Tetbury, during a period of seventy-two rhyme may be worth preserving. There are, I years, which many people considered an incum believe, different versions of it. I was reminded bency of longer duration than any upon record; || of it by a statement which appeared lately, in one however, upon perusing an old Magazine, I have of the London newspapers, to the effect that found one stated to have been held for a much there is not a single titled person resident in Monlonger series of years by the Rev. Thomas Samp- | mouthshire: son, who was minister of Keym, or Keyham, near “In Radnorshire, . Leicester, for ninety-two years, and who was
Is neither Knight nor Peer, buried there August 4, 1655. Various details
Nor park with deer,
Nor gentleman with five hundred a year, are given that appear to verify this statement;
Save Sir Wm. Fowler of Abbey Cwm heer." which is moreover authenticated by the inspection of the register on February 28, 1743, by the
W. W.E.W. Rev. - Juxon. Still it is rather extraordinary, [We believe the correct version of this epigram, which and I trust some reader of “ N. & Q." will ascer
rol was invented in the early part of the eighteenth century,
is as follows: tain if this account is correct, and favour us with
“ There is neither a park nor a deer the result of his investigation.
To be seen in all Radnorshire;
Nor a man with five hundred a-vear, “ Macbeth.” — Who is editor of Macbeth, with
Save Fowler of Abbey Cwm Hir." selected and original Anecdotes and Annotations, The person here complimented at the expense of his Biographical, Explanatory, &c., 1807, 8vo ? neighbours was Sir William Fowler, Bart., of Harnage
Grange, Shropshire, who built the present parish church
of Abbey Cwm-Hîr in 1680. He was high sheriff of Morrison's Crystal.-In the will of Sir Henry Radnorshire in 1696, and was created a baronet in 1704. Wotton, I find the following bequest among We suspect the above epigram dates from that periodi others:
say about the year 1710—when, in the language of a “ Item, a piece of Crystal Sexangular (as they grow
contemporary political ballad, all), grasping divers several things within it, which I bought
“ The furiosas of the Church among the Rhætian Alps, in the very place where it
Came foremost with the wind; grew."
And Moderation, out of breath,
Came trotting on behind." Did this possess any of the marvellous proper
We need scarcely add that, contemporary with the ties laid claim to by the ball of which Admiral
Radnorshire house of Fowler (and the majority of them Belcher ran foul ? W. Bowex ROWLANDS. more ancient than his), were those of Robarts, Earls of Thomas, Duke or NORFOLK.—This prince was
| Radnor; Harley, Earls of Oxford ; the Cornewalls, baro
nets; Howarths, many of them knights; the Jones's of the eldest son of Edward I., by his second wife,
Boultibrook, also knights; and, among the untitled genMarguerite of France. How many times was he try, the Lewis's of Harpton (whence the late lamented married, and wbo were his wives ? Alice Halys Sir G. C. Lewis); the Mynors of Evan Coed; the Lloyds, is given as the name of his wife, I think, in all
the Walshes, and the Gwynnes --- all of them quite as genealogies ; but some add a second wife, Mar
opulent as their fellow-countryman, Sir William. But
he, belonging to the High Church party in the roistering garet de Ros; and I have seen mention of a third,
days of Queen Anne, has been, as was once remarked of named Maude, whose surname is not given. Who Swift, "absolutely damned by the praises of his friends !" was she? And is it a fact that the Duke was With respect to Monmouthshire, our correspondent apthrice married ?
pears to have forgotten that the Duke of Beaufort, and
Lords Tredegar, Llanover, and Ragland, are titled perELIJAH RIDINGS.-Can any reader of “N. & Q."
sonages possessing residential properties there, and we give me any information regarding Elijah Ridings, know not how many more besides.] author of The Village Muse, &c. ? ZETA.
Jacob's STAFF. - PROFESSOR DE MORGAN, in St. GERMAIN.-Can you tell me what were the his learned article “On the Derivation of the armorial bearings of the French family of St.
word Theodolite," observes : Germain ?
“ This Theodelite, whether Digges's or Hopton's, was SUGAR-TONGS LIKE A STORK.—There are foreign in fact the thing well known as the Astrolabe; and this sugar-tongs (are they German or Danish ?) in the is the name Bourne (in his Treasure for Travailers, 1578,) form of a stork. They open scissor-wise, and con gives it. The Astrolabe seems to have become a Theotain in a small hollow inside the body of the bird | delite when it became a terrestrial instrument.” a swaddled bambino about the size of a house fly. The above suggests to me the Query : What is Are they Christmas gifts, or christening presents the origin of the old English name of this same or are they merely allusive to the stork bringing instrument, viz. Jacob's Staff? It reminds me also the baby, which is, I believe, the German nursery that, in my collections for illustrating Abp. Leighfolk lore on that subject ?
P. P. | ton's Works, I have a note on this word. After