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boy had imbibed the “loyal" sentiments of his throw light on the subject. Pliny (vi. 32, 19 ed., father. It is as follows:

Lemaire) says of the Arabians, “ Barba abraditur, “A Panegyric on Our Late most Gracious Sovereign,! præterquam in superiore labro." What do the King William of Glorious and Immortal Memory, as also Arabians at present call the mustache? Do they on His Present Majesty, Our no less Gracious Sovereign, still continue the custom alluded to by Pliny ? King George. Spoken by James Parkinson, one of the

This is the only allusion to the custom which I

This Scholars of BIRMINGHAM School, December 10,1715, being the Day of their Breaking-up; and published at the De- can recollect in the Latin writers. As a cognate sire of some Gentlemen that heard it. London: Printed subject, you may allow me to inquire, if it is known for J. Roberts, near the Oxford Arms, in Warwick Lane, when and from what the tuft on the chin was 4to, 1715. Price 3d., pp. 22.".

called an “imperial"? The Roman youth seem This rare pamphlet is of the greater interest, to have indulged in this foppery as well as the as, although of such slender dimensions, and only young of our own day. It is curious that the one year earlier in date than the Loyal Oration, tuft-hunters of ancient and modern times should the title-page will be held to imply that it was have their appellation derived, to a certain extent, printed in London, and thus to substantiate the from the same idea. Those of modern times, belief that the later work is actually the “first hangers-on of noblemen in English universities, book printed in Birmingham."

derive their names, I believe, from the tuft in the An old custom of this school was the delivery of cap of the noblemen; and, in ancient times, it public orations by the boys at the “Old Cross " was the tuft on their own chin that gave them the on the 5th of November, and the recitation of ori- | appellation. They were called “Barbatuli." In ginal compositions on “breaking-up day." The

Cicero (Ep. ad Att. i. 14), he calls them “ Barbafollowing entries, excerpted from the school ac- tuli juvenes, totus ille grex Catilinæ;" and in one counts, illustrate this:

of his speeches (Cæl. 14) the imperial is called

“Barbula.” He says: 1656. Paid to the Schollers for their orations at the Crosse

“I must summon up from the shades below one of those 4 01

bearded old men; not men with those little bits of im, Paid to the Schollers for orations in the

perials, which she takes such a fancy to, but a man, Schoole Paid for an houre-glasse

with that long shaggy beard, which we see on the an

08 1664. Paid for setting up a scaffold at the Crosse

cient statues and images.” 1669. Setting up the Scholar's stage, is an item in

Photius, in his Lexicon, says: Tános ai éti Toll the Carpenter's Bill.

Kátw xeitous tpixes. ubota 8, ai é TOû ávw. This 1671. Nov. 5. Gave the Schollars for saying ora

is a trace of it in the ninth century, when Photius tions on the stage Dec. 10. Gave the Schollars for saying ora

flourished at Constantinople. Č. T. RAMAGE. tions in the schoole

120 1684. To the Gentlemen who declaymed on the 10th December - - - 100

DICTIONARIES (2nd S. i. 212.)—I chanced on These public orations at the “Market Cross”

one of these the other day, which the lapse of were discontinued at, or soon after, the year 1700.

nearly eight years since J. R. J.'s inquiry may Another early local book is the tract by the Rev. Mr. Allestree, Rector of Asbow, The Funeral

have put dehors the Cuttlean statute of limita

tions. Giving neither definitions nor derivations, Handkerchief, and Sermons on Loss of Friends,

but spelling and accentuating every word ac8vo, Birmingham, 1728. William Bates.

cording to the compiler's own notion of Phonetics, Edgbaston.

a more thorough uglification of our written or

spoken language could hardly have been devised : MUSTACHE.

that it goes near to outwalking Walker, a very

few excerpta will suffice to show : - Euzīdsh, (3rd S. iv. 398.)

Teetshíz, Vizidsh, Berriil, Okaizyun, Kreetyür, Múotat means the upper lip. Can any of your Jórdsh. readers give a quotation from a Greek writer The preface refers to a former dictionary* by where it means the hair growing on the upper the author (James Buchanan) and its “honourlip? I can trace the idea no furtber back than to able mention" by another lexicographer-a Mr. Hesychius, who is supposed to have lived at least | Johnstone. Its title is prolix and 'pretentious, before A.D. 389. In his Greek Lcricon he says, having for its motto Múotat, ai mà ta đuw zelan tpixes. The word seems “Extera quid quærat sua qui Vernacula nescit ?” to have reached us through the French or Italians.

| but the date has been carefully cut off by some It may have come to them through their inter

former possessor of my copy, who has stamped course with the inhabitants of the later Greek

his name on the fly-leaf - “ Peter Stanislaus, empire. Perhaps some of your readers, acquainted with the writings of Anna Comnena, or of some [* Probably his Lingua Britannicæ Vera Pronunciatio, others of the authors of a still earlier period, may 1757, 8v0.-ED.]


Capucin. 1780." Mr. Buchanan's assertion of RAM AND TEAZLE (3rd S. iv. 449.) – May I what he designates “ õreejînîlniss" seems to have venture to suggest a different explanation of this been made in the early half of the last century. curious sign to that given by your correspondent His labours, however, have little value beyond | A. A.? The teazle, as your readers probably their assisting the completeness of J. R. J.'s lexi- | know, is used in dressing cloth, “ raising the nap," conic list.

E. L. S. which is one of the latest processes in the manu

facture of that material ; and the value of that Mrs. FITZHERBERT, ETC. (3rd S. iv. 411.)

humble plant (which, I believe, machinery has There was no issue of the marriage between

not yet been able to supersede) is commemorated George IV. and Mrs. Fitzherbert. In proof of

by its being borne in the arms of the Clothiers' this, the following extract from a letter from the

| Company. Is it not probable, therefore, that the late Lord Stourton to the late Earl of Albemarle

sign under consideration was set up by a publican, may be given. The letter may be seen at length

who was a tenant of the aforesaid Company, or in the Memoirs of Mrs. Fitzherbert, by the Hon.

who wished to attract the workers in some cloth Charles Langdale, p. 94, published by Bentley in

manufactory near him? It is easy to believe that 1856.

the sign would be very appropriate in either case; “I had myself, previously to this arrangement, taken the Ram representing the raw material, as it the liberty to counsel Mrs. Fitzherbert to leave some evi were, and the Teazle the finished fabric. dence in her own handwriting as to the circumstances of

I would further suggest the probability of other no issue arising from this connection, and had advised it being noted with her own signature on the back of the

apparently incongruous signs being explained by certificate. To this she smilingly objected on the score of armorial bearings. “ The Bird and Baby," for delicacy, and I only state it at present in justification of | instance, I believe to be simply a corruption of my expectation that the memorandum I have alluded to the crest of the Stanleys. A public house in is to this effect.”

Norwich, bearing that sign, was, I have been inThe certificate alluded to above is the certificate formed, opened by a man who had been butler in of the marriage, dated Dec. 21, 1785. To the re- |

that family, and instead of setting up “ The maining part of your correspondent's query I am Stanley Arms,” he adopted only the crest. R. unable to give any answer.

J. F. W.

MOTHER DOUGLAS (3rd S. iv. 451.) - Strange George IV. had no children by Mrs. Fitzherbert. as it may seem, this lady's name was mentioned His natural children were as follows:-1. By from the Bench of the Court of Session, at the Lucy Howard (who, I believe, was a native of decision in that court of the great Douglas Cause. Richmond, but whether a Jewess I am not aware) I quote from the speech of Lord Pardenstown, as a son, George Howard, who died an infant. 2. By given in Anderson's edition of the Judges' speeches, Grace Dalrymple Elliot, a daughter, Georgiana p. 316:— Augusta Frederica Seymour, who married Lord

“ The executors of the noted Mother Douglas brought William Bentinck. CHARLES F. S. WARREN. an action against several gentlemen of distinction for

payment of tavern bills contracted in her house. We are I do not know whether the Prince of Wales had not to presume that these gentlemen frequented such a any children by Mrs. Fitzherbert, but those scan house as Mother Douglas's; but even supposing that they dalous chronicles of the times — contemporary

took a fancy to go there, we are not to imagine that they

would have come off without discharging their reckoncaricatures — show Mrs. Fitzherbert in the way

ing." which ladies wish to be who love their lords; and also, in some cases, as actually nursing a baby. In adverting to the Douglas cause, allow me to And this suggests a query I have long wished to take the opportunity of noticing the following have solved: Had Mrs. Fitzherbert a child or entry, which I happened lately to observe in the children by her first marriage? In a caricature | Scots' Magazine, vol. xxix. p. 55:entitled “Fashionable Frailties," in which she is

“At Horsham, in the 63rd year of her age, Mrs. Elizarepresented as enceinte, and walking with the

beth Curtis, wife of Mr. Curtis of that place, of Twins, Prince, she is followed by a young female child, Male, who, together with their mother, were likely to dressed exactly like her, and evidently intended | do well.” for a daughter; while in another called “The

This beats Lady Jane Douglas out and out. Royal Nursery, or Nine Months after Marriage,"

It was argued to be exceedingly improbable that in which she is seated nursing a baby, with the

her ladyship should have given birth to twins Prince of Wales seated beside her, on her right

when she was in her fifty-first year, while here hand; there is a lad of six or seven years old

Mrs. Curtis produces them when in her sixtystanding on his right hand, and on whose head is

third. Some very sceptical people may, not usa crown, apparently a crown of the Holy Roman

likely, think the one event fully as credible as the Empire. Can any reader of “ N. & Q." throw

other. light upon either of these allusions ? M. F.


"ONIOS AND "Arios (3rd S. iv. 453.)—The word he never consciously saw his mother till he was colos means pious towards God, whilst Sikalos means 'thirty-three years of age. Born in the West just towards man, according to the scholiast on | Indies, he was sent to his friends in Scotland Euripides (IIecuba, 788); Td Mèv apos leoùs dg av- | while a very young infant. His mother remained Opúruv qevóuevov, ČLOV kalojuev, od 8è apos ay Opúrous in the colony, married a second husband, and Síkalov. The Hebrew word corresponding with , when a widow a second time, returned to her Sikalos is P7, tsedek, which gives name to the native country. At her request, by letter, Mr. Sadducees, whilst 7'Dn, chasid, corresponding with Dauney went with his wife to Greenock to receive 80105, supplies the name D'7'DN, Chasidim, to the his mother on her landing; and a tender recognimore pious and devotional of the modern Jews. tion between these long-divided relatives took

R. C. In heathen writers ocios often occurs, but in the place on the quay. New Testament seldom; on the contrary, ayos THOMAS CHAPMAN (1st S. xi. 325; 3rd S. iv. often occurs in the Septuagint, New Testament, 425.)- The person to whom John Hawkins dediand Fathers, but seldom in the classic writers. 'cated his MS. Life of Henry Prince of Wales The word äyros does not mean pious, except by may have been Thomas Chapman of Hitchin, who implication, but dedicated, or devoted to good or flourished, 1619, and is with great probability evil, and chiefly to good: it includes the notion of conjectured to have been a brother of George awe, from ayos, and ayvos, whence it is derived in Chapman the poet. As to him see Green's Cal. Greek; its equivalent in Hebrew is 07?, kadosh. Dom. State Papers, James I., i. 495 ; Chapman's I have sought for a derivation of both words in Odysseys of Homer, ed. Hooper; Introd. xii. xiii. Sanscrit, but unsatisfactorily. In Greek soos may

C. H. & THOMPSON COOPER. be equivalent to % Dios, divine, as Eids Bounń (Sibyl)

dirine as Sioe Bou (Sibyl) Cambridge. is equal to Alòs Bourn.

JAMAICA (3rd S. iv. 48.)-If Mr. Dillon, who In the few passages of the New Testament

asks for information respecting it, will write to where örlos occurs, there is no difficulty, except in

me, I may be able to render him some aid; as the use of coca in the sense of mercies (Acts xiii.

my family has been connected with that island 34), which arises from the word 70, chesed, mean.

nearly one hundred and seventy years. ing merciful as well as pious; it is a quotation

R. C. H. HOTCHKIN. from the Septuagint of Isaiah (lv. 3).

Thimbleby Rectory, Horncastle. The word äyros in the New Testament, being used in reference to the service of God, is trans

GANYMEDE (3rd S. iv. 411.)— Your corresponlated holy (from the Saxon and German), or saint

dent's conjecture is right, the lines in his MS. (from the French and Latin), both words having

are Wither's, and occur in the Emblems, London, the same meaning, but holy is applicable to per

1635, folio, p. 156. Some of the MS. words sons and things, saint to persons only.

are incorrect: "husbands" should be harbours ; T. J. Buckton. "blood,flood; “ make seeme,make her seeme.

EIRIONNACH. Scottisu (3rd S. iv. 454.) - Francis Horner, ! who came to England from Scotland to acquire

FEMALE Fools (3rd S. iv. 453.) – Jane the Fool

is certainly an historical personage, as will be the language, does not appear to have used the abundantlý shown by the ensuing extracts from word Scottish, but Scotch, as he speaks of Scotch the Privy Purse Expenses of Princess (afterwards inflexion (Memoirs, i. 17), a Scotch lawyer (id. i.

Queen) Mary, whose“ fool” she was: 86), Scotch parliamentary reform (id. ii. 46), and Scotch girls (ii. 125). Nevertheless, his tutor, the

“Itm, geuen to one Hogman kep of Jane the fole

bir horse Rev. John Hewlett, author of Notes to the Bible, i

Itun, payed for housen and shoes to Jane the fole xxa speaks of Scotlish accent (id, i. 41), Scotch accent Itm, paved for a gowne for Jane the fole (i. 43), and Scottish pronunciation (i. 43); and i Itu, for shaving of Jane the fooles hedde his friend Dr. Parr writes of Scottish learning, and There are various other items; and in the index Scottish science (ii. 433). T. J. BUCKTON. to the same book (p. 241), A. J. M. will find furMOTHER AND SON (3rd S. iv. 450.)- The men

ther notices of Jane the Fool. Sir F. Madden

| there says, " The instances in which a female was tion of the case of the half-brother of West the painter being seen by his father for the first time

so employed seem to have been very rare.”

HERHENTRUDE. when the former was fifty years of age, recals to me a curious circumstance of the like kind connected | In Mr. Joseph Robertson's admirable Preface with the history of my friend Mr. William Dau- ' to the Inventories of Mary Queen of Scots, being ney, advocate, author of a work on Ancient Scottish catalogues of her jewels, dresses, furniture, books, Níelodies, published in Edinburgh in 1838. (Mr. and paintings, just issued for the Bannatyne Club, Dauney died soon after in Demerara.) This there are notices of “Nichola, or La Jardinière," amiable and accomplished man informed me that i whom the Queen brought with her from France,


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in August, 1561, and of other female “fules," generally receives a small portion from his emmaintained at court, viz., Janet Musche, 1562; ployer : in that sense it might be called “ted" Conny,1565; and Jane Colquhoun, 1567. (Wright).

S. REDMOND. N. C. Liverpool. Allow me to draw your correspondent, A. J. M.'s

When I was a boy, an old Berkshire man, with attention to a female fool of considerable antiquity. I whom I used to make hay, always used the word Jeremy Taylor, in his Life of Christ, Part i. Sec

art. Sec-" tedding " for the first operation in the process, tion 3, Discourse l., “ On the Duty of Nursing that of Soling the

Duty of Nursing that of shaking the grass out from the swathe. Children," makes incidental mention of Harpaste,

Those who love the associations of hay-time will Seneca's wife's fool.

S. L.

readily support me in holding that this was the AUBREY'S STAFFORDSHIRE Ghost STORY (3rd S. stage of haymaking at which the smell of the iv. 395.) – This identical story is told, more cir- | grass (then most delicious of all) dwelt in the cumstantially and with some variations, of Samuel fancy of Milton.

C. G. P. Wallace of Stamford in Lincolnshire. The strange Old Man, with “coat and hose of a purple colour,"

MODERN CORRUPTIONS: “ RELIABLE" (3rd S. knocked at his door on Whitsunday, 1659, and

iv. 437.)-I offer my best thanks to Vebna for asked for a cup of small beer; prescribed for his

denouncing the word “reliable” as vile ; and I consumption, and foretold his cure in twelve days,

heartily wish that it could be altogether scouted which was verified by the event. The particulars

and banished. Its irregular formation, and utter were taken by “Mr. Laurence Wise, minister of

superfluousness ought to discredit it with all who the gospel," from Wallace's own mouth. The

study correct language. The word rely is always story is quoted by Mrs. Howitt in the appendix to

followed by the preposition upon; therefore if an Ennemoser, vol. ii. p.385, from a book called Noc

adjective is to be formed from it, we should say turnal Revels, the author and date of which are not

relyuponable ; but such a word as reliable ought given. Query, is the above version of the story

to mean, disposed to rely upon; and can only be noticed in the last edition of Aubrey's Miscellanies,

applied properly to a person who is apt, or in. published a few years ago by Mr. J. Russell

clined to rely upon others. It is a gross perverSmith ?

sion of language to use it in the sense of any EIRIONNACH.

thing to be relied upon. But we have no need of Tedded Grass (3rd S. iv. 430.) - The mean any such clumsily constructed and monstrous ining of this phrase at the present day is certainly novation. Our language abounds with words exthat laid down by Richardson, “grass spread pressive of the meaning to which this vile comabroad," not hay in cocks. If the noun “tod" is pound has been so lamentably applied. We can derived from the verb “ted,” it can hardly mean use in the same sense a host of legitimate expresa cock of hay. There is no reason, I think, to sions. We can proclaim a person, or a source of suppose that Milton meant by “tedded grass,” | information, to be trusty, credible, veracious, auhay in heaps. There seems a special fitness in thentic, respectable, undeniable, indisputable, un. the expression,“ smell of tedded grass," for we all doubted, incontrovertible; or we can say that know that hay gives off much more perfume either is worthy of credit, to be fully depended when it is lying out than when it is in cocks, so upon, to be received without hesitation, and so much larger a surface being exposed. The phrase forth. What need, then, of resorting to a new "tedded hay" is used by Coleridge in a short word, and above all, to one so loosely constructed poem, entitled “The Keepsake:"

and wrongly applied ? One is grieved to see this “ The tedded hay and corn-sheares in our field, vile word constantly occurring in the columns of Show summer gone ere come.”

a paper like The Times, and in a respectable This use of the word seems to favour A. A.'s

literary journal like The Athenæum. In the very suggestion that it is used poetically, but mis

last number of the latter, for Nov. 28, in an takenly, for hay in cocks. ALFRED AINGER.

account of a certain writer, we find the following: Alrewas, Lichtield.

“Of his antecedents few are reliable." What

could have possessed a reviewer for a standard I know that in all parts of Ireland, and in many l literary journal to prefer so odious an expression parts of England, the term “to ted” means to to saying in legitimate English, that few of the shake out or spread the grass after the mower, | man's antecedents were to be relied upon, or deand for this operation, in fine weather, boys, girls, | pended upon? But I suppose we shall next have or women followed the mower with iron or wooden

just as good a word manufactured from the last forks to toss out the grass to dry. The mower is

mentioned, and be told that few of a man's anteconsidered a superior sort of workman, and in Ireland obtains better wages and food than or

cedents are dependable.

F. C. H. dinary field labourers; and in case he possesses a CURIOUS CIRCUMSTANCE (3rd S. iv. 409.) - It cow, but not sufficient hay for winter use, he might well be imagined that a parallel case to that extracted by Mr. G. F. CHAMBERS from the Eng- in this country, notwithstanding the prominent lish Churchman could scarcely be found,- of six mention of the idolatrous worship of that heathen brothers meeting together, four of them being deity in the New Testament. clergymen, and all assisting in the church service

Tuomas E. WINNINGTON. on a Sunday morning. But I can relate a case, not

Stanford Court, Worcester. merely parallel, but much more extraordinary, PHRASES (3rd S. iii. 70.)— which occurred forty-one years ago in a Catholic

“ Touched by thy pen, conserve to pickle turns," family. There were six brothers, and five of them is

is probably suggested by priests. The youngest of the five, Rev. James Jones,

“Unguentum fuerat, quod onyx modo parva gerebat; was ordained priest by Bishop Milner on the 31st

Olfecit postquam Papilus, ecce garum est.” of May, being the Saturday before Trinity Sun

Martialis Epig. lib. vii. ep. 94. day, in the year 1822, at Oscott College. On the

H. B.C. 13th of June, the Octave Day of Corpus Christi, U. U. Club. the whole family assembled in the Catholic chapel INCONGRUOUS SIGNs (3rd S. iv. 449.)- A solu. at Long Birch, near Wolverhampton, where the tion similar to that proposed by your correspondent third brother, the Rev. Samuel Jones, was the A. A. will be found in No. 28 of Addison's Spectapastor. Besides the six brothers, there were present

tor :also their respected mother, and their sister, Miss

"I must, however, observe to you on this subject, that Sarah Jones. A solemn high mass was then cele

it is usual for a young tradesman, at his first setting up, brated entirely by this pious family. The newly- to add to his own sign that of the master whom he ordained priest, James, sung bis first mass on the served; as the husband, after marriage, gives a place to occasion, -his two brothers William and Charles his mistress's arms in his own Coat. This I take to have officiating respectively as deacon and subdeacon.

given rise to many of those absurdities which are com

mitted over our heads; and, as I am informed, first occaWilliam, the eldest brother, preached an impres

sioned the three Nuns and a Hare, which we see so sive and appropriate sermon, chiefly addressed to

frequently joined together.” the new priest. The musical department was also

R. C. HEATH. filled exclusively by members of the family. The

Charles Price, alias Patch (3rd S. iv. 412.)— only brother who was a layman, Mr. Clement

There is an account of this person in Hone's Jones, played the mass and sung ; and the re

Every-day Book, ii. 1469, wherein it is stated verends Samuel and John Jones, with Miss Sarah,

that his father also bore the Christian name of completed the choir. The father had died a few

Charles, but which does not mention the Christian years before, but the venerable mother was pre

names of bis children. Thomas Price is said to sent with feelings much easier imagined than dea

have died young, and may therefore have been scribed. It is an additionally curious fact, that of

unmarried. these six brothers the only survivor is the eldest,

W. H. Husk. William. who is still in excellent health in his | Rev. WILLIAM PETERS (2nd S. xii. 272. 316. eightieth year. The sister is also living, and like

and like. | 482.)–Permit me to add a few slender memowise an elder sister, Miss Ann Jones. This ac- | randa I have gleaned respecting this clerical count may be fully relied upon, as all the persons painter. He was born in Yorkshire, and married mentioned in it were familiarly known to me, and / a native of that shire, a co-heiress of the Rev. the occurrence I perfectly remember. F. C. H.

John Knowsley of Burton Fleeming. In early

life Mr. Peters settled in Dublin, hoping from Christian NAMES (3rd S. iv. 369, 416.)–I can his mother's connections, who was a Younge, to bear out CUTHBERT BEDE's assertion respecting succeed as an artist. He was disappointed, but the prevalence of Old Testament baptismal names | obtaining the living of Knipton Woolsthrop, co. in Worcestershire, having recently numbered | Leicester, he settled there, and painted many amongst my establishment, at the same time, both pictures for the Duke of Rutland. His father a Job and Shadrach ; Nathan and Enoch are both was Mr. Matthew Peters of Freshwater, Isle of common in the district. Your correspondent Wight, an engineer of some celebrity. F. C. H. asserts that the clergy of the Catholic! Peter Pindar thus commences his 12th Lyric church are forbidden to tolerate names where there | Ode: is nothing Christian about them, and quotes the

“Dear Peters! who like Luke the Saint, ritual in his support. How then do we account,

A man of Gospel art and paint.” in a Roman Catholic country like France, for the Mr. Peters was a great friend of Alderman great prevalence of names derived from classical Boydell, though, singularly enougb, both were history, such as Achille, &c. ?

affected with a constitutional infirmity that rarely Was this class of names first introduced into | permitted them to meet,-Boydell from a chest France at the close of the last century during the complaint dare not risk the cold winds of Leicesgreat Revolution, and has it since continued to tershire; Peters, from asthma, the confined atexist? The name Diana has maintained its ground mosphere of London. Perhaps some of your

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